Crop production

How to feed the cabbage to form a head of cabbage?

Fermaved.ru »Vegetable» Cabbage »Feeding cabbage in the garden

Growing any kind of cabbage requires adherence to a certain technology, starting from the moment of sowing the seeds and ending with the harvest. Top dressing cabbage allows you to get a good harvest, so it is important to feed plantings on time.

Top dressing cabbage

Top dressing in an open ground

Culture demanding care, especially when it comes to feeding. At the stage of growth and development of seedlings more in need of mineral nutrition. With the intensive build-up of a leaf rosette, plants need nitrogen.

Top dressing of cabbage in open ground is a prerequisite for the implementation of the movement of sprouts in the poorly cultivated and poorly fertile land.

Ammonium Sulphate

The composition of this drug consists of 2 components: nitrogen and sulfur. Nitrogen in this substance is much less than in ammonium nitrate, therefore, the dose of the drug during plant feeding is increased 1.5 times the application rate of ammonium nitrate.

Sulfur, which is part of top dressing, increases the level of soil acidity.

Potassium sulfate

The composition of sulfate is 50% potassium. The drug is used for the growth and development of chlorophobic plants.

This vegetable doesn’t really need phosphate fertilizers, but you shouldn’t exclude them from the general plant nutrition: fertilizing with superphosphate ensures the qualitative development of the heads and the accumulation of nutritious and beneficial substances at the end of their ripening period.

Superphosphate saturates plants with beneficial substances.

The usual superphosphate containing about 18% of phosphorus (double - 45%) is used for cabbage fertilizer.

When you make this substance take into account the level of acidity of the soil, since phosphorus is poorly absorbed by plants to acidic. The seedlings in this land also grows poorly and develops.

Organic fertilizers for cabbage are no less important. They provide a full growing season for plants. In addition, such additional feeding is required for the formation of a hard and juicy head of cabbage.

It is best to feed the cabbage with manure in combination with peat: 6 kg of the mixture is spent per 1 square. m beds.

Soil acidity

The acidity index depends on the composition of the soil:

  • for peat, it is 5-5.5 Rn,
  • for podzol - from 6.5 to 7.5 Rn.

Dilute the soil with burnt lime or dolomite flour.

The composition and amount of fertilizer for cabbage depends on the variety planted. Cabbage of early varieties is fed 2-3 times during the whole growing period.

For feeding late cabbage apply the scheme of mixed nutrition: mineral preparations alternate with organic ones.

Third stage

The last fertilizers for cabbage seedlings are applied when planted in open ground. They consist of the following components:

  • nitroammophoska - 35 g,
  • force-containing substance - 85 g,
  • potassium - 25 g

The resulting composition is brought to a volume of 10 l with cold water.

After three meals, the plants will get stronger and will be able to successfully develop in new conditions.

Feeding early varieties

Given the intensive time of ripening of the crop, early varieties need to be fertilized with drugs that stimulate the rapid growth of green mass and root system. In a short period of time, cabbages gain a good mass and absorb nutrients.

The first dressing of early varieties of cabbage is produced by the root method 20 days after planting in the garden. At this stage of development, seedlings are fed with urea and ammonium nitrate.

If these fertilizers were applied during the autumn digging period, you can feed the cabbage after planting into the ground with a complex composition from the manufacturer.The drug Agricola is in great demand.

It is made both root and foliar way.

The following dressing of cabbage in open ground is carried out in two ways: mullein or slurry, previously diluted with water. At 10 liters of water spend 0.5 liters of manure. Fertilize the working solution can be 2 days after it is infused. The interval between the first and subsequent feeding is 2 weeks.

For the final feeding of early cabbage, a solution of boric acid is used, which is introduced by foliar method: 5 g of the substance is diluted with warm boiled water (200 g), then it is brought to a volume of 10 l with cooled water.

Eating leaves with boric acid prevents cracking of heads. If the stalk is deformed, 5 g of molybdenum ammonium is added to the nutrient solution.

Food in the greenhouse

Feed cabbage for greenhouses can be on the above scheme. Plus, in the food of early varieties include another feeding, which increases the shelf life of cut heads.

Greenhouse plants are fed with ash (400 g) and potassium sulfate (40 g). The mixture is diluted in water (10 l).

The working solution of the plant is watered several days before cutting the stalks.

Top-dressing late-ripening varieties

Late-ripening varieties suitable mineral fertilizers

Nutrition of late ripening varieties and hybrids is produced in the same way and using the same components as in early ripening varieties. Additionally, for later varieties of cabbage, they recommend top dressing with mineral fertilizers and mullein.

The proportion and composition for feeding are the same as for feeding early-ripening species. Late cabbage has weak roots; in the process of feeding, the dose of potassium and phosphorus is increased.

An integral part of the care and cultivation of late species is the irrigation of leaves with ashes. Spraying plants with ashes not only nourishes the plants, but also deters insects.

This treatment has a bad effect on the appearance of the heads and reduces their commercial quality, so you can replace the ash solution with salt: 150 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Leaf irrigation is carried out several times between feedings.

Some gardeners use traditional means of processing plants. Plants can be fed nettle, iodine tincture on the water.

Like other varieties, this variety loves top dressing. Unlike white cabbage, cauliflower responds well to fertilizing with chicken droppings (1 liter of substance per 20 liters of water). Such organic fertilizer can be applied instead of mullein and yeast.

Fertilizer must be applied at the rate of 1 liter of nutrient fluid per plant.

Beijing cabbage belongs to the early ripening varieties. Top dressing after disembarkation in an open ground are not made.

To grow a good harvest, organic and mineral substances are introduced directly into the ground before the digging season: 1 square meter. m korovyak (5 kg), double superphosphate (15 g) and potassium sulfate (30 g).

In particular, this culture includes poor survival rate of seedlings in unprotected soil after transplantation, so the first dressing of cabbage of this variety is carried out a week after planting on the site.

Broccoli seedlings are fed with mullein. Infusion is prepared according to the scheme indicated above.

This fertilizing with organic matter after planting in the ground strengthens young plants and stimulates their full growth.

Brussels

In the period of seedling development, this kind of cabbage is not needed for top dressing. To fertilize the Brussels sprouts at the site apply mineral fertilizers, which are applied in spring and summer (in August).

The first food is carried out before planting seedlings: 1 tsp. Nitroamoffoski on each hole.

The following plant nutrition is carried out at the stage of forming the first coaches. Plants are fertilized with superphosphate, potassium sulphate and nitroammofoska - 25 g of each substance. Dry mixture is diluted in a bucket of water. Under each seedling pour 1.5 liters of liquid feeding.

When to feed the cabbage / Subtleties growing cabbage in open ground

OUR SUPPORT ALCOHOL AND ASH - SUPER MEANS FOR CABBAGE! FERTILIZER AND MEANS FROM PESTS!

To form cabbages on cabbage. Super feed.

Belokochannaya

Feeding cabbage should be repeatedly:

  • There are 2 types of fertilizers for white cabbage. They make 2 weeks after planting seedlings on the garden. Young plantings fertilize with mullein (0.5 liters of substance per 10 liters of water). Also, the seedlings of this culture are fed with urea (30 g of substance per 10 liters of water).
  • The second feeding of white cabbage is carried out 2 weeks after the first. Plants fertilize with urea or dissolved mullein.
  • After another 2-3 weeks of planting feed rotten manure (500 g), liquid mullein (0.5 l) and superphosphate (30 g). The mixture obtained is dissolved in 10 l of water. On one copy spend liter of top dressing. This recharge is required for the formation of coaches in plants.
  • Feed cabbage for keeping quality should be a few weeks before cutting heads. Plants irrigate 200 g of ash solution per 10 liters of water.

What and at what time fertilize cabbage?

Cabbage is a crop that is very demanding on the characteristics of the soil, especially its fertility.

Agricultural biennial culture

The reaction of the soil for the cultivation of this vegetable should be neutral or slightly acidic. If acidity is increased, then liming is required. Lime is applied immediately before planting seedlings in open ground. If in the previous season a culture grew on this place, which also required liming, then it is not necessary to add lime again.

A good cabbage harvest can be obtained only if there is a sufficient amount of nutrients. With their lack of full harvest will not be able to form.

For this plant it is necessary to add potassium and nitrogen to the soil. When these components are not enough, the lower leaves turn yellow, and then all the others acquire a purple-pink tint.

If there is a lack of phosphorus, the leaves of the plants are drawn out. They turn pale and become thin and long.

Effects of improper plant care

With insufficient quantities of potassium in the soil may dry the edges of the leaves. They can peel off and wrinkle. If the soil is peat, potassium starvation is expressed in more rigid forms. The whole plant shrivels, the cabbages are softened.
A small amount of magnesium is expressed in chlorosis of the lower leaves.

Nutrition Features of Cabbage

This plant is characterized by uneven consumption of nutrients. At the first stage, it absorbs them slowly and in small quantities. That is why the growth is small at first. But this does not mean that there should be a smaller amount of nutrition in the soil. Soil should contain all the necessary elements in the desired ratio.

At the initial stage, the culture absorbs significant amounts of nitrogen. It consumes up to 11% of the total nutritional need. Potassium and phosphorus require slightly less, about 7%.

How to improve the yield?

We are constantly being written letters in which gardeners' lovers worry that because of the cold summer this year there is a poor harvest of potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, and other vegetables.

Last year, we published TIPS, on this issue. But unfortunately many did not listen, but some still applied.

Here is a report from our readers, we want to advise plant growth biostimulants, which will help increase the yield up to 50-70%.

We advise PLEASANT to prepare for the summer season, pay attention to this biological product. A lot of positive feedback.

Cultivation of a vegetable: transplantation and incorporation of useful substances into the soil

The intensity of the absorption of food increases during the formation of the head. At this time, the plant accumulates the maximum amount of substances.

This is about 80% of each element of their maximum content in the crop. In a rather short period of time, i.e. in about 40 to 50 days, the plant absorbs almost all the necessary elements.

The lack of necessary substances in the soil leads to a sharp decrease in yield.

Cabbage grows well on fertile soils that are rich in humus. But this is not a prerequisite. Decent yields can be obtained using only mineral nutrition.

However, the introduction of organic matter will significantly increase the yield. Under the cabbage you can use all types of organic fertilizers. Only you should not use fresh formulations that are too rich in nitrogen.

In this case, the growth of leaves will increase, and the head of cabbage will be tied badly.

Secrets of growing vegetable garden

Feeding seedlings

In order to get a good crop of heads in the future, first of all, seedlings are fed.

Carry out triple feeding plants.

First stage

The first dressing of cabbage seedlings carried out at the stage of picking young shoots. For these purposes, use the following components:

  • 25 g of ammonia,
  • 40 g of phosphorus,
  • 10 liters of potash fertilizer.

The dry ingredients are dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Second phase

Observe proportions when preparing the mixture.

The second feeding is carried out exactly in 2 weeks. To feed the cabbage seedlings at the initial stage you need ammonium nitrate. 35 g of the substance are consumed per 10 liters of water.

Third stage

The last fertilizers for cabbage seedlings are applied when planted in open ground. They consist of the following components:

  • nitroammophoska - 35 g,
  • force-containing substance - 85 g,
  • potassium - 25 g

The resulting composition is brought to a volume of 10 l with cold water.

After three meals, the plants will get stronger and will be able to successfully develop in new conditions.

Feeding early varieties

Given the intensive time of ripening of the crop, early varieties need to be fertilized with drugs that stimulate the rapid growth of green mass and root system. In a short period of time, cabbages gain a good mass and absorb nutrients.

The first dressing of early varieties of cabbage is produced by the root method 20 days after planting in the garden. At this stage of development, seedlings are fed with urea and ammonium nitrate.

If these fertilizers were applied during the autumn digging period, you can feed the cabbage after planting into the ground with a complex composition from the manufacturer. The drug Agricola is in great demand.

It is made both root and foliar way.

The following dressing of cabbage in open ground is carried out in two ways: mullein or slurry, previously diluted with water. At 10 liters of water spend 0.5 liters of manure. Fertilize the working solution can be 2 days after it is infused. The interval between the first and subsequent feeding is 2 weeks.

For the final feeding of early cabbage, a solution of boric acid is used, which is introduced by foliar method: 5 g of the substance is diluted with warm boiled water (200 g), then it is brought to a volume of 10 l with cooled water.

Eating leaves with boric acid prevents cracking of heads. If the stalk is deformed, 5 g of molybdenum ammonium is added to the nutrient solution.

Food in the greenhouse

Feed cabbage for greenhouses can be on the above scheme. Plus, in the food of early varieties include another feeding, which increases the shelf life of cut heads.

Greenhouse plants are fed with ash (400 g) and potassium sulfate (40 g). The mixture is diluted in water (10 l).

The working solution of the plant is watered several days before cutting the stalks.

Top-dressing late-ripening varieties

Late-ripening varieties suitable mineral fertilizers

Nutrition of late ripening varieties and hybrids is produced in the same way and using the same components as in early ripening varieties. Additionally, for later varieties of cabbage, they recommend top dressing with mineral fertilizers and mullein.

The proportion and composition for feeding are the same as for feeding early-ripening species. Late cabbage has weak roots; in the process of feeding, the dose of potassium and phosphorus is increased.

An integral part of the care and cultivation of late species is the irrigation of leaves with ashes. Spraying plants with ashes not only nourishes the plants, but also deters insects.

This treatment has a bad effect on the appearance of the heads and reduces their commercial quality, so you can replace the ash solution with salt: 150 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Leaf irrigation is carried out several times between feedings.

Some gardeners use traditional means of processing plants. Plants can be fed nettle, iodine tincture on the water.

Like other varieties, this variety loves top dressing. Unlike white cabbage, cauliflower responds well to fertilizing with chicken droppings (1 liter of substance per 20 liters of water). Such organic fertilizer can be applied instead of mullein and yeast.

Fertilizer must be applied at the rate of 1 liter of nutrient fluid per plant.

Beijing cabbage belongs to the early ripening varieties. Top dressing after disembarkation in an open ground are not made.

To grow a good harvest, organic and mineral substances are introduced directly into the ground before the digging season: 1 square meter. m korovyak (5 kg), double superphosphate (15 g) and potassium sulfate (30 g).

In particular, this culture includes poor survival rate of seedlings in unprotected soil after transplantation, so the first dressing of cabbage of this variety is carried out a week after planting on the site.

Broccoli seedlings are fed with mullein. Infusion is prepared according to the scheme indicated above.

This fertilizing with organic matter after planting in the ground strengthens young plants and stimulates their full growth.

Brussels

In the period of seedling development, this kind of cabbage is not needed for top dressing. To fertilize the Brussels sprouts at the site apply mineral fertilizers, which are applied in spring and summer (in August).

The first food is carried out before planting seedlings: 1 tsp. Nitroamoffoski on each hole.

The following plant nutrition is carried out at the stage of forming the first coaches. Plants are fertilized with superphosphate, potassium sulphate and nitroammofoska - 25 g of each substance. Dry mixture is diluted in a bucket of water. Under each seedling pour 1.5 liters of liquid feeding.

When to feed the cabbage / Subtleties growing cabbage in open ground

OUR SUPPORT ALCOHOL AND ASH - SUPER MEANS FOR CABBAGE! FERTILIZER AND MEANS FROM PESTS!

To form cabbages on cabbage. Super feed.

Belokochannaya

Feeding cabbage should be repeatedly:

  • There are 2 types of fertilizers for white cabbage. They make 2 weeks after planting seedlings on the garden. Young plantings fertilize with mullein (0.5 liters of substance per 10 liters of water). Also, the seedlings of this culture are fed with urea (30 g of substance per 10 liters of water).
  • The second feeding of white cabbage is carried out 2 weeks after the first. Plants fertilize with urea or dissolved mullein.
  • After another 2-3 weeks of planting feed rotten manure (500 g), liquid mullein (0.5 l) and superphosphate (30 g). The mixture obtained is dissolved in 10 l of water. On one copy spend liter of top dressing. This recharge is required for the formation of coaches in plants.
  • Feed cabbage for keeping quality should be a few weeks before cutting heads. Plants irrigate 200 g of ash solution per 10 liters of water.

Conclusion

Feed the cabbage in the open ground can be different drugs. Each variety and type has its own power scheme. But in addition to proper nutrition, this garden crop requires proper planting and competent care.

What and at what time fertilize cabbage?

Cabbage is a crop that is very demanding on the characteristics of the soil, especially its fertility.

Agricultural biennial culture

The reaction of the soil for the cultivation of this vegetable should be neutral or slightly acidic. If acidity is increased, then liming is required. Lime is applied immediately before planting seedlings in open ground. If in the previous season a culture grew on this place, which also required liming, then it is not necessary to add lime again.

A good cabbage harvest can be obtained only if there is a sufficient amount of nutrients. With their lack of full harvest will not be able to form.

For this plant it is necessary to add potassium and nitrogen to the soil. When these components are not enough, the lower leaves turn yellow, and then all the others acquire a purple-pink tint.

If there is a lack of phosphorus, the leaves of the plants are drawn out. They turn pale and become thin and long.

Effects of improper plant care

With insufficient quantities of potassium in the soil may dry the edges of the leaves. They can peel off and wrinkle. If the soil is peat, potassium starvation is expressed in more rigid forms. The whole plant shrivels, the cabbages are softened.
A small amount of magnesium is expressed in chlorosis of the lower leaves.

Nutrition Features of Cabbage

This plant is characterized by uneven consumption of nutrients. At the first stage, it absorbs them slowly and in small quantities. That is why the growth is small at first. But this does not mean that there should be a smaller amount of nutrition in the soil. Soil should contain all the necessary elements in the desired ratio.

At the initial stage, the culture absorbs significant amounts of nitrogen. It consumes up to 11% of the total nutritional need. Potassium and phosphorus require slightly less, about 7%.

How to improve the yield?

We are constantly being written letters in which gardeners' lovers worry that because of the cold summer this year there is a poor harvest of potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, and other vegetables.

Last year, we published TIPS, on this issue. But unfortunately many did not listen, but some still applied.

Here is a report from our readers, we want to advise plant growth biostimulants, which will help increase the yield up to 50-70%.

We advise PLEASANT to prepare for the summer season, pay attention to this biological product. A lot of positive feedback.

Cultivation of a vegetable: transplantation and incorporation of useful substances into the soil

The intensity of the absorption of food increases during the formation of the head. At this time, the plant accumulates the maximum amount of substances.

This is about 80% of each element of their maximum content in the crop. In a rather short period of time, i.e. in about 40 to 50 days, the plant absorbs almost all the necessary elements.

The lack of necessary substances in the soil leads to a sharp decrease in yield.

Cabbage grows well on fertile soils that are rich in humus. But this is not a prerequisite. Decent yields can be obtained using only mineral nutrition.

However, the introduction of organic matter will significantly increase the yield. Under the cabbage you can use all types of organic fertilizers. Only you should not use fresh formulations that are too rich in nitrogen.

In this case, the growth of leaves will increase, and the head of cabbage will be tied badly.

Secrets of growing vegetable garden

Feeding seedlings

Begin fertilizing this plant from the time the seedlings are grown. The first feeding is done when it takes two weeks after the picking. It takes 25 g of ammonia, 40 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride. All these substances are diluted in a bucket of water (10 l).

Repeated introduction of nutrients for cabbage seedlings is performed after another two weeks. About 40 g of ammonium nitrate is taken on a bucket of water (10 liters).

The third dressing is performed before planting seedlings in open ground.On one bucket of water (10 l) take 30 g of ammonium nitrate, 80 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium chloride. This will help young plants to get used to new environmental conditions more easily.

The first top dressing in open ground

It is necessary to feed the cabbage 16 days after its transplantation into the open ground. For the first feeding it is necessary to use mineral fertilizer. The optimal solution will be a liquid solution of the following components. Take 10 g of urea and potassium fertilizer and 20 g of superphosphate.

Organic dressing for cabbage

Organic compounds are used instead of chemical compounds. The best result will give the infusion of mullein. Preparing it is quite simple. Five buckets of water are added to one bucket of cow dung. The solution is stirred and left for two days. Then add five more buckets of water.

You can not add water a second time, and dilute immediately before performing the dressing. As a result, a mullein with a dilution of 1:10 is used. Each plant will require approximately 0.5 liters of solution.

The need for the first feeding is determined by many factors. One of them is the fertility of the soil on which the crop will be grown. If fertilizers are applied in the process of preparing the soil, then the first application of nutrients can be excluded.

Second feeding

About a month after planting, the plants need to be fertilized again. This top dressing for early varieties is especially relevant. At this time they are growing head. That is why it is necessary to add urea in the amount of 30 g per 10 l of water, mullein in standard dilution, solution of chicken manure with ash or infusion of compost.

A solution of chicken manure is prepared from 0.5 liters of excrement, which is diluted with 10 liters of water. For 3 days, a glass of ash is soaked and infused. Then filtered and poured into the litter solution.

Chicken droppings are an excellent plant growth stimulant.

Compost insist, pour 1 liter of organic fertilizer 10 liters of water.

Late and middle late varieties need less second feeding. However, for them it will not be superfluous. You can use a solution of mullein.

Usually the second feeding is combined with hilling. It is required to obtain additional roots on the part of the stem located above the soil level.

Third dressing

The third time to fertilize the cabbage is necessary if it refers to the middle and late varieties. This nutrient intake is required for the normal setting of the head and activating its growth.

Perform a third dressing about a couple of weeks after the second.

This time, the plants should be fed with a solution of mullein, but with the addition of 30 g of superphosphate per bucket of water, i.e. on 10 l. The amount of the applied composition also changes.

For each plant will require from 1 to 1.5 liters of the nutrient mixture. The specific amount depends on the individual characteristics. That they should be guided when making all the options nutrients.

Oversupply will not be helpful. Top dressing should be moderate.

Fourth dressing

The fourth time make dressing only if there is a need in it, for example, heads of cabbages do not grow well. Nutrients are added approximately 3 weeks after the last feeding. Use the same compositions as last time.

When making all substances it is always necessary to ensure that they do not fall on the leaves of plants. Any solution can lead to damage to the head, to the so-called "burns."

Recommendations for the cultivation of this culture, there are many, especially in terms of the introduction of nutrients. To follow them all unconditionally is not worth it. Always need to focus on a specific situation. The need for additional substances depends on the variety, the initial fertility of the soil and other similar characteristics.

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How to feed the cabbage after planting for growth and the formation of a head of cabbage

In order for vegetables to yield large yields, it is important to adhere to the rules of agricultural technology at any stage of growth, whether it be forcing the seedlings or ripening.

Who wants to get decent cabbage harvests, wondered how to feed the cabbage after planting in the ground for growth and the successful formation of a head. We learn how cabbages are planted by experienced summer residents who have learned to get large cabbages on their own plot.

How to fertilize cabbage for the first time

Summer residents for the first time decorate the soil under the cabbage after some time after the seedlings are planted on the street - when the seedlings grow greens and quickly consume nutrients. At this time, they need fertilizers containing nitrogen.

We produce feeding, considering the following:

  • If, before planting the hole, we have been supplemented with nutrients, we produce the first dressing after a month. Often, before planting the seedlings, gardeners with experience bring a mixture of 2 tablespoons into the wells. wood ash, 1 tsp nitrophosphate or superphosphate and 0.5 kg of humus.
  • If the wells are not fertilized, feed the plants 10 days after planting in the garden.

At first, cabbage seedlings will need nitrogen-containing feed. Feeding options

We give the land one of the most nitrogen-rich remedies:

  • We mix a ten-liter bucket of water with 200 g of wood ash and 60 grams of superphosphate.
  • Dissolve in ten-liter capacity half liter of mullein.

Pour half a liter under the seedlings of any of the above nutritional supplements.

Useful properties of cabbage

The leaves of young cabbage are rich in vitamin C - it is 10 times more than in lemon. The main contraindication to the use of high acidity in the intestine. In the fresh product is the minimum number of calories: from 16 to 48, depending on the type.

If you have problems with urination, cabbage juice helps. And the presence of fiber removes from the body cholesterol and other slags.

Cabbage is useful for cardiovascular diseases. Cabbage consumption cleans the walls of blood vessels and resists the development of atherosclerosis.

Cabbage is rich in vitamin U, naturally rare, able to protect the digestive tract (gastrointestinal tract) and heal ulcers. But it can be eaten only in the period of remission, and first boiled.

It also facilitates the course of liver disease. Cabbage is very useful for people who are overweight. The presence in its composition of tartronic acid inhibits the process of converting glucose into fat.

Fresh articles about the garden

Many men are familiar with the facilitating effect of cabbage pickle to relieve hangover. And if you eat sauerkraut before a feast, you can avoid intoxication.

Fresh cabbage leaves are applied as a compress for bruises, inflammations of joints. And if you smear a cabbage leaf with honey and put it on for the night, then its therapeutic effect will increase.

Cabbage is useful for diabetics because it lowers blood glucose levels. Cabbage juice is taken as an expectorant when coughing, bronchitis.

Sauerkraut competes with citrus fruits in the amount of vitamin C.As part of fresh cabbage contains a natural substance ascorbigen, which in the process of fermentation is converted into vitamin C, moreover, in significant quantities. Lack of ascorbic acid causes a breakdown. Weakness and reduced immunity, which contributes to frequent colds, is a sign of a lack of vitamin C in the body. And the easiest, cheapest and tasty way to fill its drawback is to use a little sauerkraut daily.

Yeast application

Yeast fungi are full of amino acids, vitamins, etc., so they can be used to enrich the land under the cabbage, especially since they contribute to the growth of the root system.

Enrich the soil with the yeast method 20 days after the first enrichment of the soil with fertilizers as follows:

  • Mix a liter of warm water with 200 grams of dry yeast and a teaspoon of granulated sugar.
  • Insist the mixture for a couple of hours.
  • Mix the infusion with water (10 l) and pour 0.3 l under each cabbage.

Attention: since the yeast fungi draw a lot of calcium and potassium from the soil, simultaneously with the yeast we add ash (an infusion of it) or crushed eggshell to it.

Than to feed the cabbage immediately after landing in the ground

If you have organized the application of organic fertilizers in the wells before planting seedlings of cabbage, then after anything you do not need to feed it. Enough to pour clean water.

And after 15-16 days, prepare for the cabbage an aqueous solution of organic substances, for example, chicken manure, compost, mullein, weed stalks and water.

Top dressing for active growth of white cabbage

After 2 - 2.5 weeks, you can use different options for feeding for the active growth of white cabbage. Often used chicken manure or manure (2 cups diluted in 20 liters of water), urea (15 g per 10 liters), ammonium nitrate.

By the way, saltpeter can be purchased at a fairly low price, and it brings huge benefits. The main thing is not to overdo it with nitrate fertilizer, since an excess of nitrogen, with which it is enriched, may in the future lead to poisoning with nitrates.

Cabbage fertilizer phosphorus

Along with the rest of the feed for the growth and the formation of heads are required phosphorus additives. If the cabbage is deficient in this substance, the leaf darkens and its edges turn purple.

A sufficient amount of phosphorus provides plants with strong immunity and increases yield.

To enrich the soil, we pour it with a nutrient, dissolving superphosphate (70 grams) in water (10 liters).

Other cabbage fertilizer methods

What else does the soil under the cabbage decorate after transplanting to the garden? There are several folk remedies that fertilize the earth well:

  • Baking soda. Thanks to her, cabbages do not crack and are stored longer. Dissolve 20 g of soda in 10 liters of water and pour the cabbage.
  • Boric acid. Dissolve in a glass of boiling water a teaspoon of acid and dilute in a bucket of water. Until July 15, we spray the foliage with this tool: it will accelerate the growth of the cabbage.
  • Salve. It enriches the soil with nitrogen. Stir in ten-liter water with water 3 tbsp. ammonia and pour out 150 ml of the mixture under each bush. This is ideal for the first injection of water.
  • Nettle. Bay bucket, stuffed with nettles, some water to the top and insist 4 days. Mix nettle infusion with water at the rate of 1 to 10 and pour the cabbage. Nettle raw materials contain a variety of nutrients needed cabbage seedlings.

An excellent tool to compensate for the potassium deficit are skins from bananas. Fill the pot with skins, pour some water up to the top and wait four days. Merge and pour under the cabbage.

So, you learned how to feed the cabbage after planting in the ground for growth and the successful formation of a head of cabbage. Use the most acceptable options, apply water on time, and the cabbage will certainly delight you with a lot of strong huge heads!

Fertilizer for white cabbage

Cabbage is a vegetable crop that has adapted well to the conditions of our country. From it you can cook a lot of dishes, and it has long been and successfully grown throughout Russia.

And if several decades ago organic material was mainly used as a nutrient for this crop, today, with the help of the chemical industry, several dressings have been developed that can provide a rich harvest even when growing this vegetable, even in the far north.

Domestic enthusiasts successfully use organic fertilizers such as humus, ash and chicken manure to grow large and juicy heads. And as a mineral dressing for this plant in our country, superphosphate, nitrophoska and ammonium nitrate are very popular.

When the first dressing cabbage

The first fertilization should occur after the planting of this vegetable plant from seedling boxes in the ground. During this period, the tops need to build up weight and need nitrogen-containing additives.

Even before this stage, experienced gardeners fill cabbage holes with special nutrient mixtures. This stage of growing this crop is especially important if the beds have not been properly prepared since autumn.

In this case, before planting cabbage, it is necessary to prepare a complex mixture consisting of:

  • Hygiene (500 g) can be replaced by compost
  • Superphosphate (1 teaspoon) can be replaced with nitrophosphate
  • Wood ash (1-2 tablespoons)

This mixture should be added to each well, where the seedlings of this plant will be planted.

How to feed the cabbage after landing in the ground?

If the wells were prepared as described above, then fertilizer can be applied no earlier than 25-30 days after planting. But, if you have not done so, be sure to feed the cabbage 10 days after landing on the beds.

Garden beds

The first feeding should be a source of nitrogenous fertilizers and be aimed at accelerating the growth of the plant. We present you several types of fertilizers that can be used as a first feeding:

  • Mullein (500 ml) diluted in water (10 liters)
  • Ammonium nitrate (1 box) diluted in water (10 liters) - used for spraying cabbage (foliar feeding)
  • Potassium humate (20 g) diluted in water (10 liters)
  • Ash (200 g) and superphosphate (60 g) diluted in water (10 liters)
  • Urea (10 g), potassium chloride (10 g) and superphosphate (20 g) diluted in water (10 liters)

Under each cabbage seedling, you need to pour out 500 ml of one of the listed dressings.

IMPORTANT: If the soil in your cabbage beds is sour, then you need to make chalk, slaked lime or ash at the rate of 2 cups per 1 square meter. Such tillage will make it suitable for growing vegetables and reduce the risk of developing a disease such as keel.

Phosphoric fertilizers for cabbage

For the full development of cabbage it needs phosphate fertilizers. After all, the lack of this substance leads to disastrous consequences that can directly affect the meager harvest of this vegetable crop. The first signs of phosphorus deficiency are darkened leaves with bright purple edges. Formation of heading takes longer than usual.

The most popular organic additive to restore the required level of phosphorus is bone meal. These are processed cattle bones, which are rich not only in phosphorus, but also in many dietary supplements. Bone meal is used to feed all types of crops, including cabbage.

Bone meal is not used for instant feeding. But, it can be made on the beds for 2-3 weeks before planting on them seedlings.

Another popular phosphate fertilizer is ammonium hydrogen phosphate (diammophos).This is a concentrated fertilizer that not only improves the development and formation of large heads of cabbage, but also can affect the taste of this popular vegetable. At the same time, such an additive does not contain nitrates and has a relatively low cost.

Ammonium hydrogen phosphate is applied to the soil before planting cabbage at the rate of 5 - 10 g per 1 m2.

The most popular phosphate fertilizer used by a large number of domestic gardeners is superphosphate. This top dressing contains such compounds useful for plants as monocalcium phosphate, sulfur, phosphoric acid, magnesium and other elements. Superphosphate is used to strengthen the immune system of garden crops and increase their productivity.

Most often, superphosphate (50 - 100 g) is diluted in water (10 liters) and the plants are watered under the root.

Some useful elements of phosphate fertilizers are absorbed by plants rather difficult. Therefore, the majority of such dressings are applied to the ground in autumn. In winter, they enrich the topsoil and prepare it for planting cultivated plants.

Top dressing of cauliflower and yeast, common in open ground

Yeast can be used not only in cooking or as part of cosmetics, but also in the garden. They contain many useful elements, vitamins and amino acids. Yeast helps seedlings cope with many diseases and survive a transplant to the open ground. With the help of yeast, you can activate the growth of the root system and improve the overall composition of the soil in the beds.

IMPORTANT: With all its benefits, yeast can reduce the amount of potassium and calcium in the soil. Therefore, feeding them they need to be combined with the introduction of ash or crushed shell of eggs into the soil.

Yeast must be applied 20 days after the first feeding. To do this, in warm water (1 liter), dry (200 g) yeast and sugar (1 teaspoon) are diluted and let it brew for 2 hours. After adding another ten liters and watered (300-400 ml) plants under the root.

How to feed cabbage for growth with folk remedies?

Cabbage is responsive not only to "store" fertilizers, but also to nutrient mixtures prepared on the basis of folk remedies. This vegetable culture can be supplemented with boric acid. For this powder (1 h.

spoon) diluted in boiling water (1 cup) and mix thoroughly. The concentrate is diluted in water at room temperature (10 liters) and sprayed with the leaves of this plant.

The best spraying on the basis of boric acid is carried out to stimulate the growth of this culture in the first part of July.

Boric acid for plants

Also for the above purpose, you can use baking soda. It will prevent cracking of heads in the beds and allow them to be stored better. Soda (20 g) is diluted in a bucket of water and watered with cabbage in the garden beds with this solution.

A very good source of beneficial nutrients is young nettle. This burning plant stuffed capacity and pour water. After 3-4 days, the resulting infusion is diluted with water (1:10) and watered the cabbage.

A rich source of nitrogen is ammonia. In a bucket of water, add 3 tablespoons of this substance, mix and sprinkle the cabbage (100-150 ml each) at the very root. Ammonia should be used for the first feeding of cabbage.

With a lack of potassium cabbage, you can pour it with banana infusion. To do this, fill the skins of this yellow fruit into the container to the brim and fill it with water. After 3-4 days, the infusion is filtered and watered them cabbage beds.

If the reason for the poor development of cabbage is a lack of phosphorus, then it can be minimized by preparing a top dressing of this plant from fresh fish. To do this, chop the fish and bury a small amount of such a mass between cabbage bushes.

With a calcium deficiency in the soil under the cabbage, you must add egg shells. It is also possible to improve the soil structure and make it the necessary substances with the help of potatoes.It is cut into small cubes and put in the pits before planting seedlings open ground.

How to feed the cabbage to form a head of cabbage?

For the formation of a large and juicy fork using complex compositions based on mullein. For this part of the fresh manure is mixed with five parts of water. After two days, five more parts of water are added to the solution.

Fertilizer for vegetables

Before watering the cabbage, superphosphate (30 g) is added to each bucket of such dressing. Under each plant you need to pour 1.5 liters of such dressing. For early ripening varieties, it is carried out in July, and for late ripening in August.

IMPORTANT: If you want the cabbages not to burst, then try to water them at the very root. Even better, use drip irrigation for this purpose. Water stagnating in the leaves causes cracking of the plug and may cause rotting of this vegetable.

What is good to feed the cabbage?

Among organic feedings most often used:

  • wood ash
  • infusion of chicken manure or mullein,

Among mineral fertilizers, the first places won:

  • superphosphate
  • ammonium nitrate
  • ammofosca
  • nitrophoska.

How to feed the cabbage with yeast

After 20 days after making the first dressing, fertilize the garden beds of cabbage with yeast dressing, which will serve as an excellent growth stimulant and will give an impetus for tying the bobble.

Yeast fungi contain many amino acids, they contribute to the development and strengthening of the root system. Preparing a yeast infusion is very simple: in 1 liter of warm water, dissolve 200 g of dry yeast, add 1 teaspoon of granulated sugar and infuse the mixture for 2-2.5 hours to ferment. Then stir in 10 liters of water and pour about 300 ml of solution under each cabbage.

Consider that the yeast fungus takes a large amount of potassium and calcium from the soil, so at the same time with the yeast top dressing, add crushed egg shells or wood ash.

Feed for heading mineral fertilizers and organic

Use any of the recipes feeding:

  • 0.5 liters of fermented bird droppings or 1 liter of fermented cow manure per 10 liters of water, add 1 liter per well.
  • Nitrophoska - 50 grams per bucket of water, the flow rate of the solution is also 1 liter per plant.
  • A glass of wood ash per plant, scattered in the hole in the near-stem circle.

How to feed the cabbage for the formation and growth of the head in July and August

Than to feed cabbage in July and August for growth of a head of corn in an open ground recipes

The third dressing is made in the middle of July (for medium cabbage) or August (for varieties of late ripening), so that large dense heads of cabbage grow. How to feed late cabbage in August for growth?

Consider a couple of “recipes”:

  • Dissolve 1 liter of fresh mullein in 5 liters of water and leave for two days. Then add another 5 liters of water and stir in the resulting liquid 30 grams of superphosphate. Under each plant pour over 0.5 liters.
  • A faster way: in 10 liters of water we dilute 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska, consumption is 5 liters per 1 m² of land area.

It is preferable to apply the first option to saturate the soil with potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, which will most favorably affect the growth of large and strong heads.

Pour any top dressing strictly at the root, absolutely do not allow the liquid to hit the surface of the growing head; the latter will crack due to moisture stagnation.

How to feed the cabbage in September

In September, the vegetative season is already ending, fertilizing needs to be done carefully, it is advisable to spill liquid solutions only between the rows. Feed can be no later than two to three weeks before harvest.

Here are the proven options for dressings:

  • Superphosphate or ammofoska: a tablespoon on a bucket of water plus potassium humate, also a tablespoon.
  • A half-liter pot of fermented chicken manure (or a liter of fermented cow dung), a tablespoon of superphosphate and a teaspoon of Calimagnese into a bucket of water.

Any of the solutions will give a good impetus to the growth of cabbage leaves in September. However, remember that no dressing will not help if watering the cabbage is insufficient. The plant consumes at least 1 liter of water per day. Water evenly, without breaks and overflows. Due to the irregularity of watering, cabbages crack, causing their keeping quality to deteriorate further.

Top dressing cabbage with phosphorus

In addition to the above-listed fertilizing, phosphoric feed will be required for normal growth and heading. The deficiency of this element is easily recognized by the appearance of the leaves: they darken, the edges get a purple tint.

If the presence of phosphorus is normal, the plant has strong immunity, the yield increases.

  • If you find signs of phosphorus deficiency, dissolve 70 grams of superphosphate in 10 liters of warm water and pour the cabbage.

Types of cabbage fertilizers

There are three main types of fertilizers: potash, phosphate, nitrogen. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are essential nutrients for all types of cabbage, and experimental tests in agricultural universities (on a comparative analysis) show that the need for these elements is about the same (excess nitrogen reduces the yield of early production by 15-20%).

The latter species is well diluted with water and is used to fertilize the cabbage in the spring, when the green is just beginning to grow, because it contributes to the qualitative development of the root system of the vegetable crop.

And the first two are used when the head is already beginning to form. They help the cabbage to be more resistant to diseases and easier to tolerate adverse weather. Sulfur and iron are also included in the list of useful minerals for cabbage, because they contribute to the accumulation of proteins and prolong the life of the plant.

Cabbage grows poorly Than to feed?

Ammonia solution will enrich the soil with nitrogen, is ideal as a first dressing. Stir 3 tablespoons of sal ammoniac in 10 liters of water and pour about 150 ml under each plant.

Nettle infusion - affordable method of complex natural feeding. Fill the bucket with nettles, fill to the top with water and leave for 4 days. Ready infusion dilute with some water in the ratio of 1 to 10, pour the cabbage. Top dressing will saturate the soil with a whole complex of nutrients.

To fill the potassium deficiency resort to watering infusion on a banana peel. Fill the bucket 1/3 with banana skins, fill it with water, insist for 4 days, then pour the bushes.

We considered the necessary complex of feedings for cabbage, promoting growth and development of culture. Follow the recommendations, use the most appropriate options, then, of course, get a rich harvest.

Top dressing and care in an open ground in August

The first thing you need to strictly observe - this is the mode of watering. In dry weather, the plant consumes about 3 liters of water daily. The application of dressings should be carried out after watering or rain, since soil microorganisms work worse in dry soil and process nutrients longer.

You need to be careful with organic substances, since a large amount of humus has a negative effect on the development of culture. It is more prone to fungal diseases. The density of the soil and the high organic content will slow the growth of cabbage, therefore, the soil mixture needs to be prepared properly at the seedling stage:

  • 5 kg land
  • 2.5 kg sand,
  • 2.5 kg humus

With this combination, the soil will be well drained and pass air.

For enrichment with minerals, it is necessary to add potassium sulfate - 50 g, superphosphate - 70 g. This composition can feed the cauliflower to form a head of cabbage, kohlrabi, broccoli and Brussels sprouts.In open ground dressing cauliflower should be carried out more carefully, as the variety has a poorly developed root system.

At very low or very high temperatures, cabbies stop their growth. The plant needs more light - in shaded places the heads become loose and are prone to disease. A long light day contributes to the separation of the inflorescence into parts. If in the autumn you do not make a dirt, then the increased acidity will destroy the plants.

During the period of pouring of the cabbage head of late varieties, two additional feeding are carried out, but to make it clearer, better to consider the whole process from the very beginning:

  • Seedlings of late varieties are planted on prepared soil fertilized with organic matter and minerals. The root system of late cabbage is weaker, so much attention is paid to phosphate fertilizers, which are well absorbed by the plant only in combination with potassium.
  • After planting seedlings in open ground, the first feeding is carried out after 2 weeks, when the rooting period passes. You can use green fertilizer in liquid form - one third of the barrel of grass is poured with water. At this point, special attention should be paid to pests that can damage young seedlings.

If necessary, dust the seedlings with ashes. It is good to carry out the procedure after watering by sprinkling or rain so that the ash sticks to the leaves. If cabbage is grown for sale, then customers may not like the appearance of the product, sprinkled with ashes, so the ashes are replaced foliar spraying with salt solution - 150 g per bucket of water.

  • Nitrogen is needed in cabbage at the green mass stage. The second dressing is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers - urea, saltpeter or a complex mineral mixture.
  • The third dressing - infusion of mullein, chicken manure in combination with superphosphate. Per square meter 6 - 7 liters of infusion and 30 g of phosphate fertilizer. The third dressing of cabbage is carried out in open ground 10 - 12 days after the second.
  • The fourth dressing of cabbage in August is carried out with potash-phosphorus fertilizers to make heads. It improves taste, because potassium affects the accumulation of sugar in vegetables.

Phosphorus optimizes the metabolism in tissues, which affects the safety in the winter. Mineral or folk remedies are used for feeding cabbage in open ground - ash, superphosphate, potassium sulphate. Top dressing cabbage at the end of August - the penultimate.

  • The last fertilizer application for cabbage is carried out 20 days before harvesting - in September, so that the culture can absorb the substances from the ash solution or potassium sulphate. The last fertilizer affects the safety of fresh cabbage in the basement.

Video: Super feeding for heading

Fertilizing the cabbage in September is combined with preparing the soil for the next season - making lime or gypsum to reduce acidity. Calcium-containing superphosphate partially promotes alkalization. You can control the pH with vinegar, watering it on the soil. If a hiss is heard, then calcium and alkaline elements is enough.

Many novice gardeners use special formulations for cabbage, which are sold in stores, so as not to be mistaken in the quantity of the substance.

Why is not tied head of cabbage

The reasons why the heading is violated:

  • Violation of the terms of landing can cause a disturbance of growth and heading is not formed.
  • Seedlings love the sun - if you plant it in a darkened place, then you can not wait for the harvest. We'll have to dig and transplant to a new place.
  • Excessive irrigation or lack of moisture also affects the setting of heads of all types of cabbage.
  • Bad seeds. If you cross the plants wrong, then the tops will grow, but there will be no harvest.
  • Having fed the late cabbage with nitrogen, you can get a lot of pet food in the form of tops, so the focus is on the phosphorus-potassium group of fertilizers.

  • Cabbage grows poorly on acidic soil. In this case, it will be good to bring in ashes, in which there is a lot of calcium.
  • If the soil has not been fertilized with organic matter or minerals for a long time, the plants will be small and will not yield a crop.

Trace elements for cabbage

Cabbage species spend the most of microelements when they make heads. This is calcium, boron, molybdenum, sulfur. Than to feed the cabbage for growth in open ground, so that at the same time contained all the necessary substances:

  • ash, in which there are most of the trace elements needed by plants,
  • special formulations for vegetable crops, containing essential nutrients and trace elements.

At home, feeding the cabbage in open ground with ash is the most affordable and cheap means.

Folk remedy - boric acid on the tip of a knife to 10 liters of water. Spraying is carried out in the evening, so that the solution lingers on the leaves and gets into the plant tissue. Kalimagnese can be used to replenish sulfur reserves, a natural fertilizer made from natural minerals.

Of particular importance in the cultivation of any type of cabbage is molybdenum. The mineral is rare, but without it the soil will not be complete. Molybdenum is found in legumes. For feeding cauliflower and white cabbage, you can use the infusions of siderates - peas, wiki. But it is easier and faster to buy a special mixture - boric-molybdenum for vegetables. What kind of brand will be in the store - it does not matter.

In August September, so that the plant does not stop growth due to a lack of boron or molybdenum, it is fed with foliar sprays or by irrigation.

Pest and disease control

The most frequent disease is the keel disease, in which growths appear on the roots that interfere with the normal feeding and passage of substances and moisture through the root system to the tissues. More likely to develop the disease on acid soils with non-compliance with crop rotation. The fungus infects only cruciferous plants, starting at the seedling stage.

Due to the high humidity, cabbage leaves are affected by penosporazia - yellow or white spots appear on them. The disease is also called downy mildew. Watering seedlings with cold water contributes to the development of a fungal disease.

Fusarium changes the shape of the heading and does not allow it to grow. The leaves gradually fade as the spores penetrate the tissue and form a blockage, preventing the nutrients from moving.

The most common insect whose larvae feed on cabbage roots is the cabbage fly. In this case, the plant is easy to pull out of the soil, the lower leaves change color to gray with lead shimmer.

Cruciferous flea can parasitize on cabbage seedlings until the autumn, leaving the pitted parts on the leaves. You can use both traditional methods against pests and chemical ones. It happens that after a series of chemicals, pests no longer react to them, so you have to change the means.

The last decade of August and the beginning of September is the best time to prepare for the harvest and feed the ripening heads. The taste and preservation of vegetables in winter will depend on this.

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Fertilizers for cabbage in open field

White cabbage is very demanding on soil fertility and mineral nutrition conditions, since it takes the first place among vegetable crops for the removal of nutrients from the soil. In the seedling phase, cabbage consumes large amounts of phosphorus, and during the period of intensive growth it needs a lot of nitrogen and potassium.

In nitrogen fertilizers, cabbage needs on all types of soil, especially in poor and poorly cultivated areas. The main dressing of the soil under cabbage can be done with all types of simple fertilizers, as well as the use of fertilizer mixtures: garden, fruit, flower, with microelements, nitrophoska, nitroammofosku, "Growth-1".

Cabbage grows well on soils fertilized with humus or dung-peat compost at the rate of 6-8 kg per 1 m 2 of beds. To organic matter you need to add mineral fertilizers (2 tablespoons of superphosphate or nitrophosphate, 1 teaspoon of urea and 2 cups of wood ash to the same area). Fertilizers are made up into the soil to a depth of 15 cm, and then watered thoroughly.

Digging the soil and fertilizer is best done in the fall, but you can do it in the spring until May 15. With local application, fertilizer consumption per one well is 500 g of humus or compost, 1 tsp. Of superphosphate or nitrophosphate, 2 tbsp. spoon wood ash.

Cabbage prefers soils with low or close to neutral indicators of acidity: on podzolic soils pH 6.5-7.5, on peat soils — 5.0-5.5. On sod-podzolic soils, when digging in autumn or 2-3 weeks before planting, lime fertilizer or ash is applied, from 3 to 12 kg of organic matter, as well as one third of the annual phosphorus-potassium fertilizer per 1 m 2.

Cabbage is grown seedlings. With a weak growth give 2 dressing nitrophoska (1 h. Spoon to 3 liters of water). The first feeding is carried out in the phase of the third true leaf, the second - with the appearance of the fourth leaf.

In the phase of two true leaves produce the first foliar feeding (spraying) seedlings. To prepare the solution in 1 liter of water, half a tablet of trace elements is diluted or 0.5 tsp of complex fertilizers with trace elements.

At the beginning of hardening spend the second foliar feeding seedlings. To prepare a solution in 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. spoon of urea and potassium sulfate. The resulting solution is sprayed with leaves of seedlings, spending 1 cup of the mixture per plant.

Liming the soil gives tangible results literally the next year. Interestingly, in places with the richest soils, chernozems, it is chalk that is often a soil-forming rock.

If the cabbage planted in the ground grows poorly, then 20 days after planting, it is necessary to feed the plants with a ferment solution of mullein diluted 4-6 times with water, or mineral fertilizer (1 tablespoonful of Foscamid and nitrophoska per 10 liters of water). 0.5 liters of solution is poured under each plant (in dry weather, then it is necessary to add as much water). After the cabbage must spud.

During normal development, the first feeding of white cabbage is carried out with nitrogen fertilizers (6-10 g of urea per 1 m 2) 10 to 15 days after transplanting to a permanent place. In wet weather, you can scatter the fertilizer on the soil surface around the plants, and then loosen. In dry weather, you need to dissolve 20-25 g of urea in 10 liters of water and spend 1-2 liters of solution per plant.

Mineral dressing can be replaced with an aqueous solution of mullein or bird droppings. To protect against pests and as a top dressing, plants and soil in the garden bed are powdered with wood ash (1 cup per 1 m 2).

The second dressing of cabbage needs to be carried out 20-25 days after the first, using complex fertilizers: garden-flower mixture (15-20 g per 10 l of water) or fertilizer mixture with trace elements (10-15 g per 10 l of water). It is possible to carry out a second fertilizing with complex Fertilizer for home plots according to the instructions attached to the package.

Under planting late varieties of cabbage in the fall when processing the soil, you can make fresh manure, and in the spring - only semi-mature manure or humus.

Red cabbage should be fertilized in approximately the same pattern as white cabbage, but the doses of fertilizers should be increased 1.5-2 times.

Features cabbage fertilizer than to feed the cabbage to form a head of cabbage

Cabbage is a fairly common, but very demanding vegetable crop. In order to ensure the correct formation of large and dense heads, it is important to take a responsible approach to fertilizing and fertilizing the plant.

The basic rules of feeding cabbage

This crop loves moist and well-developed loose soil. To understand how to feed the cabbage for the formation of a head of cabbage, it is necessary to take into account the type of soil and the characteristics of the variety.

And if earlier organic was used mainly, now mineral fertilizers are very popular and effective, therefore for obtaining the maximum result it is recommended to combine these two types.

Types of fertilizers (nitrogen, potash, phosphate)

There are three main types of fertilizers:

  • potash,
  • phosphoric,
  • nitrogen.

The latter species is well diluted with water and is used to fertilize the cabbage in the spring, when the green is just beginning to grow, because it contributes to the qualitative development of the root system of the vegetable crop.

And the first two are used when the head is already beginning to form. They help the cabbage to be more resistant to diseases and easier to tolerate adverse weather. Sulfur and iron are also included in the list of useful minerals for cabbage, because they contribute to the accumulation of proteins and prolong the life of the plant.

Basic rules for cabbage fertilizer

Start preparing the soil for planting white cabbage should be even in the fall. It is useful to make organic fertilizer for cabbage when planting in the ground. Cabbage reacts poorly to “sour” soil, so ordinary coal ash or lime will serve as a good helper.

They need to be scattered on the ground during digging, it will help reduce acidity. If the preliminary training failed, you can fertilize the garden about a week before planting the vegetable. Used for this compost, which is scattered around the perimeter and sprinkled on top of the earth.

How to grow white cabbage, calendar feedings

Fertilizer for cabbage should be applied evenly throughout all stages of plant development, starting from the moment of planting and until the harvest period.

But here it is important not to overdo it, because it will negatively affect the appearance of the vegetable culture (cracks may form on the heads) and the high content of harmful nitrates. Top dressing is carried out after quality watering the beds in the evening, or on an overcast day.

Top dressing cabbage to form a head of cabbage

Around July, the cabbage begins to make heads of cabbages. The stage is important, especially for the vegetative mass of the plant. To help build mass is purely after the ovary of the heads. Otherwise, the sheets will disperse to the sides, without forming the necessary "bun".

Using nitrogen-containing substances, you will improve the ovary of the coaches. Nitrophoska or superphosphate will help the cause.

A third cup of superphosphate, combined with a glass of ash, dissolve in a bucket of water. Water a liter to each well.

Manure horse or cow will provide a complex of ammonia, phosphorus and nitrogen. Mix a glass of litter with a bucket of water. Water only the soil around the plants. Contact with cabbage can cause burns.

Wood ash as fertilizer for cabbage

Wood ash is saturated with a variety of nutrients that are important for accurate and high-quality cabbage bush formation. It can be applied not only in dry, but also in liquid form. Dry ash is mixed with the soil, like any other fertilizer when processing the soil. It can also be made under each bush.

Important! In order not to harm the plant, it is necessary to properly dilute the ash. 10 liters of water is enough one glass of ash.

Another feature of the ash is its ability to protect the plant from various pests. It is enough to sprinkle on the ash bush.

Yeast as fertilizer for cabbage

Yeast - in the literal sense of the word "live" fertilizer. After all, these are fungi that do not harm the plants, but benefit! They displace other pathogenic fungi from the surface of the cabbage and from the ground, including pathogens of rot. Moreover, yeast is rich in trace elements and improves soil structure. Cabbage absorbs nutrients from the soil more intensively, grows better, rapidly fastens heads of cabbages and gains mass.

Using the feed is easy:

  • Pour warm water (about 30–40 ° С) into a bucket (10 l),
  • Dissolve in it 2 bags of dry baker's yeast, which at an inexpensive cost will be found on the shelf of each store,
  • Put the liquid in a warm place for 2-3 hours.
  • water under the root in the evening (enough 1 l per plant).

Tip: For intensive fermentation, I still add 2 tbsp. l Sahara. The effect is just bombing!

Humus as fertilizer for cabbage

One of the best fertilizers for cabbage is humus. Thanks to him, the plant gets enough nutrients for good development. This organic top dressing is saturated with nitrogen and acidic compounds.

Humus is introduced directly into the hole when planting cabbage and open ground. The dosage of such a fertilizer is as follows: 6 kg of humus per one square meter.

Starting the cultivation of all types of cabbage, consider the fact that you can’t see good heads of cabbage without proper dressing! Use our recommendations and advice, and you will be able to enjoy the results of your work and collect a good harvest of cabbage, providing your family with vitamin reserves for most of the year!

How to feed late cabbage in August?

Late-ripening varieties in August can be fed nitrophoska. Her (1 tbsp. Spoon) is diluted in water (10 liters) and watered at 5-8 liters per square meter of beds. This complex top dressing containing three basic elements: nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. With its help, cabbage can be supplied with all the necessary microelements and accelerate the formation of its heads.

Features fertilization

When fertilizers take into account such factors:

  • fertilization rate,
  • the amount of nutrients consumed at different stages of culture growth,
  • cabbage variety
  • soil type and fertility.

Any cultivars need three substances: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Without them, get a good harvest will not succeed. The norms of trace elements depend on the rate of weight gain of the crop.

Early varieties are the most demanding on soil fertility. Cabbage grows well on sandy and light loamy soils.

It is better to fertilize the soil for early varieties in the autumn, in the spring they add 200 g of humus per well.

Norms of fertilizers are selected in accordance with the pace of development of varieties of culture.

Feed early cabbage seedlings with solutions of humates or ready-made mineral supplements, for example, Kemira or Agricola. gardeners reviews about the fertilizer Agricol.

If fertilizer is important for early varieties before or during planting, then medium and late varieties need abundant fertilizer throughout the entire growth period.

Council number 1. In the ground two weeks before planting seedlings or directly under the root, add lime. It will improve the growth of culture.

Cabbage greatly depletes the soil, so the use of nitrogen fertilizers is mandatory. The basis of fertilizer is organic. Fertilization on 1 sq. M. depending on soil type:

  • 5 kg of manure, 15 g of ammonium sulphate, 20 g of superphosphate and potassium salt are applied to the unfilled soil in autumn;
  • when growing crops on podzolic soils, fertilizers are applied that contain nitrogen and potassium,
  • on sod-podzolic soil contribute from 100 g to 1 kg of lime (the more acidic the soil, the more lime),
  • on peat contribute potassium salt 40 g / m. square.

Fertilizer seedlings in the greenhouse

In the greenhouse spend three dressing, as opposed to growing in open ground, when you need to feed the soil four times. Growing in a greenhouse is similar to open ground in the following:

  • prepares the soil,
  • before planting use a mixture of organic and mineral substances.

One of the differences is that in the greenhouse the seedlings are fed only with mineral means, organic matter is not used. The order of application and rates of fertilizers will be considered in the table.

Top dressing of cabbage of different terms of ripening in an open ground

Top dressing cabbage primarily depends on the plant variety. Early varieties are fed three times, and later ones up to 5. As a rule, mixed fertilizer methods are used. Top dressing needs to be made in a warm sunny weather as rainy will not give special result.

Fertilizer Agricola is considered very popular among gardeners. It is advantageous in that it includes a rich composition of various nutrients. It contains not only organic matter, but also mineral, as well as trace elements such as molybdenum, zinc or iron.

You can feed cabbage bushes with colloidal sulfur or dolomite flour. It is necessary to combat various pests. Do not forget about hilling, which will increase the heading, as well as protect against pests and diseases.

Such top dressings are very popular, such as:

  • Urea solution.
  • Ammonium nitrate.
  • Manure slurry.
  • Mullein solution.
  • Potassium supplement.
  • Phosphoric top dressing.

Urea solution

Urea is used to provide nitrogen to the plant. In appearance, urea is white granules that, when diluted in water, release volatile forms of the element. Urea solution should be used on light acidic sod-podzolic soils, when there is enough moisture in the soil, as well as on sierozem.

As the main fertilizer, urea solution is considered the best solution. It is recommended to bring it in early spring seven days before transplanting. Cabbage loves such a fertilizer, because due to the solution, the root system of the plant is strengthened, and also contributes to the formation of a good bush.

To prepare the solution will need one liter of water and 3 g of the substance (carbamide). Mix the solution thoroughly and water the plant with it, taking into account 1 liter per bush.

Ammonium nitrate

Like carbamide, ammonium nitrate is a nitrogen fertilizer. In appearance, they are also similar to each other. Top dressing of a bush in an open ground by such fertilizer occurs three weeks after planting. To do this, it is necessary to prepare a solution that includes a bucket of water and one matchbox of fertilizer.

Manure

Slurry consists of the manure itself, water, ash and superphosphate. All this is mixed and infused under the film for two weeks, stirring occasionally. As a rule, this slush is made in a barrel. Then it needs to be filled 1/3 with manure and completely filled with water. For 10 liters you need 50 g of superphosphate and for 1000 liters - 1 kilogram of ash.

It is necessary to introduce such slush two weeks after planting the bushes into the soil with the calculation of half a liter per bush. Before using the slurry, it must be diluted with clean water. This must be done! Since undiluted slurry will destroy the plant. After two weeks feeding should be repeated.

Mullein solution

The mullein is used as the first feeding of the plant; for this, it is necessary to mix the cow manure with water. It is necessary to hurry in a barrel at a ratio of 1:10. One bucket of manure needs ten buckets of water. First, five buckets are poured, then everything is mixed and topped up with five more buckets of water.

Potash supplement

Potassium plays a very important role in cabbage ripening. It is a stimulator of growth and strength of the root, as well as for good growth of leaves and the formation of a head. Potassium fertilizers reduce the amount of nitrates. Top dressing from potassium can be chloride or sulfate. Make a solution using 10 liters of water and 15 g of potassium.

Fertilizer cabbage seedlings

To get a good harvest, it is important to grow and prepare seedlings. And for this it is important to fertilize it, and the seedlings will be strong and capable of further fruit. Top dressing of a plant does not depend on a grade, and identical in the form of liquid top dressings is used.

Mineral fertilizers are used three times for the entire period of bush cultivation. The first is carried out when the first leaflets appeared, and the last - for a couple of days before landing in the ground. The second feeding is done between the first and the third.

Top dressing can be carried out by the following solutions:

  • Potassium chloride.
  • Ammonium nitrate.
  • Superphosphate.

For heading

The second feeding is carried out 12-14 days after the first. This procedure is especially important for varieties of cabbage with early ripening. The irrigation rate is doubled - 1 liter of solution per plant.

Around July, the cabbage begins to make heads of cabbages. The stage is important, especially for the vegetative mass of the plant. To help build mass is purely after the ovary of the heads. Otherwise, the sheets will disperse to the sides, without forming the necessary "bun".

Using nitrogen-containing substances, you will improve the ovary of the coaches. Nitrophoska or superphosphate will help the cause.

A third cup of superphosphate, combined with a glass of ash, dissolve in a bucket of water. Water a liter to each well.

Manure horse or cow will provide a complex of ammonia, phosphorus and nitrogen. Mix a glass of litter with a bucket of water. Water only the soil around the plants. Contact with cabbage can cause burns.

A solution of 12-15 grams of urea in ten liters of water divided by 2/3 liters per well. After watering, be sure to spud cabbage.

Boric acid as fertilizer for cabbage

Promotes oxygen exchange, increasing the amount of chlorophyll in the leaves. Also, foliar treatment with a solution of boric acid helps prevent the development of certain fungal diseases. For its preparation take 1 tsp. boric acid crystals and dissolved in a glass of boiling water, and then diluted in 10 liters of water.

Why is not tied cabbage

The most common problem of gardeners and gardeners, which they encounter on their plots - the lack of ovaries on the cabbage. To solve the problem - why the cabbage is not tied, it is necessary to understand the causes of this phenomenon and eliminate them in time, only then you can count on the desired result.

The reasons for this adverse event:

  • purchase of poor quality seed in questionable, non-specialized places. Not adapted to our climate, and even import can be a fake,
  • bad seedlings - sluggish, painful cuttings will not be able to give a good harvest,
  • a thick landing doesn't get vital coverage,
  • the wrong choice and poor site preparation, increased soil acidity, which also plays an important role,
  • unwanted neighbors - tall crops that shade the plant,
  • insufficient watering in the period of tying the leaves, the formation of sockets, it should be intense, especially in dry weather.

Experts offer different options than to feed the cabbage, so that the heads of cabbages start. Everyone has the right to choose for themselves the most suitable. All components are taken with the expectation of a ten-liter bucket of water:

  • bird droppings, mullein - 0.5 l each. the bank. Azofoski - thirty grams, fertilizer in the complex - Zdraven-Turbo, Zircon, Orton, Kristalon, Mortar, Kemira-Lux reduced in half.
  • nitrophosphate (NPK-complex) - fifty grams.
  • 0,5l.Bank of bird droppings and 1l. Bank of infused ash from firewood. To do this, take one glass, pour boiling water (1 liter), close well and filter after a week.

Feed the cabbage in the open ground can be different drugs. Each variety and type has its own power scheme. But in addition to proper nutrition, this garden crop requires proper planting and competent care. After fertilizers, cabbage will grow well and develop. It will form a dense large heading, which will have a high content of vitamins and other elements useful for the human body.

Top dressing cabbage after landing in the ground

After the seedlings are planted in a permanent place, the question arises, how to feed the cabbage after planting in the ground.

If fertilizers are not applied to the wells, the first feeding of white cabbage is carried out approximately 16 days after planting. As already known, you first need to saturate the soil under cabbage with nitrogen.

It will be in the form of organic fertilizers or in mineral form - not so important. In 20 liters of water, you can dilute 1 liter of liquid mullein and add 0.5 liters to each plant. At the same amount of water you can take 40 g of saltpeter, which also nourishes the soil well.

Still there is the option of foliar feed. In 20 liters of water, add 2 matchboxes of saltpeter and spray the leaves with vegetables.

The second dressing of cabbage in open ground is carried out at the end of June, or at the very beginning of July. Since it is recommended to alternate mineral and organic fertilizers when fertilizing plants, this time you can stay on organic matter.

Manure, chicken manure, ash infusion are used (2 cups of ash are taken for 2 l of water, after 4-5 days of infusion, strain and pour the cabbage).

Brewer's yeast has also proven quite well. Before feeding the cabbage in open ground, prepare a liquid solution based on water. For maximum effect, it should be used only in warm weather, so that the soil is heated.

The following dressings are used for late varieties of white cabbage. Take 60 g of superphosphate and mullein infusion.

Two weeks before the heading begins, the fourth dressing should be carried out, which should contribute to the long-term storage of the crop. For 20 liters of water, either 1 liter of infused ash or 80 g of potassium sulfate is taken.

Potassium chloride

In order for the seedlings to settle down, its roots strengthened, and the growth of the plant improved, the cabbage needs potassium. Since potassium chloride oxidizes the soil, it is not recommended to use on acidified soil, otherwise it will lead to the death of cabbage.

Potassium chloride should be part of the first and third seedlings feeding. To prepare the solution will need 25 g of potassium chloride, which is diluted in 10 liters of water. For five bushes plants need one liter of solution.

Superphosphate

For seedlings phosphorus is extremely necessary. After all, it is thanks to him that the energy process in the plant cells is provided. Superphosphate, in addition to phosphorus, includes magnesium, sulfur and many other trace elements.

For its preparation will need 20 g of fertilizer and 10 liters of water. This feeding will allow the seedlings to get stronger and improve metabolism.

The universal fertilizer for seedlings is Zdravna Turbo. Thanks to him, heading increases in weight and density and becomes the best in taste. In addition, this fertilizer can accelerate the growth of the bush.

Top dressing cabbage at planting

It is important when planting cabbage in the ground, it is also to feed, so that the plant adapts to the environment faster and does not get sick. It is necessary to feed the bushes 15 days after disembarkation and when the fruits begin to form.

It should be noted that fertilizing is possible not only to the roots. There is also foliar dressing. For this is used boron. A cup of boiling water will need 5 grams of the substance.This mixture is cooled and added to a bucket of water, which is watered with bushes. Or you can use saltpeter. Two matchboxes of substance are diluted with 20 liters of water and sprayed with bushes.

Feeding bushes is the following fertilizers:

One of the best fertilizers for cabbage is humus. Thanks to him, the plant gets enough nutrients for good development. This organic top dressing is saturated with nitrogen and acidic compounds.

Humus is introduced directly into the hole when planting cabbage and open ground. The dosage of such a fertilizer is as follows: 6 kg of humus per one square meter.

Fertilizers for medium and late ripening varieties

To grow mid-season and late-ripening cabbage, you need to know some of the nuances. First, it is necessary to process and dig a bed for cabbage in the spring, at a time when the soil is as ready as possible. Secondly, the ridge is made on wetted soil up to 25 cm high.

Then, it is important to fill the soil with fertilizer. For this perfect fit:

  • Cow dung
  • Chicken droppings.
  • Superphosphate.
  • Complex mineral fertilizer.

Cow dung

It is considered one of the most valuable organic fertilizers. It includes many nutrients that are necessary for good development and heading in cabbages. Cow dung is applied immediately before planting seedlings in the hole.

You can also use a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1:10 (manure: water). Cattle dung enters every three additional feedings, it is especially important in the third feeding, when the heads of cabbages already begin to form. This happens in early July.

Chicken droppings

When using chicken manure, be careful not to "burn" the plant. Therefore, in dry form it is not recommended to use it, especially if the litter is fresh. Chicken dung is useful for late and medium ripening cabbage, especially two weeks after planting it in open ground. To prepare the solution you need a pound of litter, which is diluted in 10 liters of water. You need to make it one liter for each bush.

Complex mineral fertilizer

Such top dressing includes inorganic compounds, as a rule, mineral salts. This fertilizer includes ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride. It is important to calculate the dosage correctly, so as not to harm the plant. Therefore, before feeding, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the instructions on how to apply fertilizer correctly.

Benefits of feeding cabbage

White cabbage is very demanding on various nutrients. For her, it is an important organic fertilizer application, such as compost or manure. With the help of dressings cabbage grows better, is saturated with useful substances that affect the formation of a head of cabbage.

To improve the quality of the harvest, it is recommended to add mineral elements to the main dressing. In addition, do not forget about foliar feeding. It is made regardless of organic and mineral fertilizers. This method is optimal if the cultivation was carried out under adverse conditions. It also improves the quality of the future harvest.

Therefore, if you want to teach a high yield of cabbage of any variety, it is important to properly and timely feed it with special substances. And what kind of dressing to choose depends on the soil and weather conditions.

Watch the video: Growing Cabbage - Tips & Harvest (November 2019).

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