Marigolds are an unpretentious, flowering plant that even a beginning grower can handle.
Although these flowers are easy to care for, not everyone knows whether it is possible to grow marigolds at home. Small and large spherical inflorescences of various colors, growing in a pot, will create a unique atmosphere in the winter at home.
Now in some preschool institutions the project on marigold cultivation is being implemented. This program allows children to instill a love of nature teaches them to grow their own flower from seeds at home. That is, if the children succeed, then the beginning florist has nothing to fear.
In nature, there are about 30 species of marigolds, but the most popular are:
Each species includes a huge number of varieties collected in the variety group. Varieties vary in size of the bush (undersized, medium, tall and giant), color and diameter of the inflorescence.
The most popular varieties that have won the love of many gardeners
Gelberstein - a bush grows up to 70 cm, releasing chrysanthemous light yellow inflorescences with a diameter of up to 8 cm. Gold Dollar is a giant bush, reaching up to 120 cm in height. The variety has fleshy dark green leaves and densely double-colored, red-orange color of inflorescence. Flowers have no smell. Goldliht is a tall plant with hemispherical terry inflorescences of bright orange color.
Sonnenshayn - shtambovy shrub up to half a meter. Inflorescences reach a diameter of 6 cm and have a golden yellow color.
Gold Kophen is a leafy shrub with chrysanthemum-like terry inflorescences, consisting of golden yellow tubular flowers and dark red reed flowers. Lemon Jem - spherical densely leafy compact shrub with thick, dense shoots and dark green foliage. Clove-colored terry small inflorescences are colored bright yellow.
Before you grow a beautiful flowering plant in the balcony or in a pot, you need to choose the seed. You can buy it in specialized stores, but you can collect it yourself. Seeds are harvested in late summer or early fall from a healthy plant after the inflorescences begin to dry out. The obtained seed is placed in a dark dry place until completely dry. Prepared seeds are packaged in bags and cleaned for storage until the next season.
Attention! Seed collection is carried out in dry sunny weather.
Capacity for planting marigolds for good growth and lush flowering should be deep and wide. Plants are planted:
- undersized varieties at a distance of 15 cm from each other,
- medium height - 20 cm
- high - 40 cm
This distance is necessary so that the plants do not overwhelm each other as they grow, but form into large, sprawling bushes.
Choosing a place
Marigolds are light-loving, cold-resistant and drought-resistant plants that bloom 1.5 months after sowing. The seed will quickly germinate if it is landed immediately in balcony drawers or in prepared pots.
To please yourself with flowering in early March, seedlings for seedlings can be sown at the end of January, but only with additional lighting.
Grown seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place and set on the southern sides of the premises.
Plants can be planted in a seedling way or immediately to a permanent place (pots, balcony boxes). Sowing marigolds to seedlings depends on the required flowering time.
"After the first shoots, the plant begins to bloom in 1.5-2 months."
Most gardeners seedlings are grown in plastic boxes. The soil must be nutritious and with neutral acidity. Garden soil mixed in the ratio of 1x1x1 with sand and peat will also be suitable.
In the soil, grooves are made a centimeter deep and at a distance of 3 cm. The prepared seeds are spread at a distance of 2 cm from each other, covered with soil, well spilled and covered with polyethylene or glass. The seed tank is removed in a warm, bright place where the temperature will not fall below 22 degrees Celsius.
The first shoots appear in a week. After that, the temperature is reduced to 18 degrees, to obtain a strong, not elongated seedlings.
When 3 leaves appear, seedlings dive into separate pots. This procedure allows you to visually reduce the stem and helps the plant develop a strong root system. After picking, the plant dramatically increases its growth rate, and after 14 days the flower is ready for planting in prepared pots or on a balcony in boxes.
Marigold in the care of unpretentious, but like any plant needs timely watering, feeding, lighting, maintaining a temperature-humid regime and in the prevention of diseases. Proper care will be rewarded with lush blooms until frost.
Water the flower, planted in boxes or pots, you need daily. In the hot and dry summer - twice a day, morning and evening. Let marigolds and drought-resistant, but with a shortage of water the appearance of the bush will suffer, the leaves will turn yellow and dry, and the plant will lose its decorative appearance.
Marigolds growing in balcony boxes and flower pots need constant feeding. With a lack of fertilizers, the bush may stop blooming and will develop poorly.
Marigolds are a photophilous plant, therefore it should be planted in sunny areas. Ideal southern, eastern and western sides. If the plant is grown on the north side of the balcony, the bush will turn out weak, and the flowering will be scarce, and it will end early - in August.
Peculiarities of growing a house
- Flowers for lush flowering need a lot of light.
- Before flowering regular watering. With the advent of the first flowers, watering is carried out only after the topsoil has dried.
- Complementary fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
- Timely removal of bloomed inflorescences.
- Periodic loosening of the soil.
Attention! "The lighter and warmer the place for planting is chosen, the more beautiful and brighter the flowering will be."
Although the flower is unpretentious and resistant to diseases, marigolds can catch root rot, black leg and suffer from the attack of insect pests.
Spider mite The pest appears on a young, fragile plant. Symptoms: the foliage is covered with white bloom, dries out without assistance, and the plant dies. You can get rid of the insect by increasing the humidity of the air and treating the bushes with tobacco extract. Slugs Appear in wet weather. Insect pests gnaw the stems and leaves of the plant, which leads to its death. It is possible to fight the scourge only by hand, collecting from flowers, and it is advisable to sprinkle the soil around the bush with a mixture of ash and lime.
Root rot. The disease occurs when growing plants in adverse conditions. Marigolds stop growing, and the trunk and leaves become yellowish.
For the prevention of root rot, the plant needs to create favorable conditions: the ground should be loose, without stagnant water. To avoid disease, it is better not to fertilize marigolds with fresh manure.
Blackleg. It occurs in plants at a young age. White spots appear on the lower part of the stem, which darken with time. With no treatment, the plant rots and dies.
To prevent the appearance of black legs, the ground is sown with fungicides before sowing seeds, and young seedlings are watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Bright beautiful marigolds are valued for their attractiveness and unpretentiousness. Grow marigolds from seeds at home will not be difficult, even for a beginner florist. It is only necessary to observe the rules of planting, provide timely care and minimal care for the plant.
Marigolds - bright, unpretentious, fast-growing flowers. We constantly meet them in the beds of city parks and flower gardens of gardens. These lovely creatures were so loved by people that many experienced and not very experienced growers began to grow their houses on the window sills of balconies.
In addition to decorative bright colors (plain and double) and pinnately dissected leaves, blackbreds also have a specific smell, indicating a high content of phytoncids - substances that have a beneficial effect on the human body and are capable of scaring off pests from both the flower and the surrounding plants .
Prerequisites & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp On the balcony & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Further care & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp In winter apartment & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp
What are these flowers?
Attention: Marigolds - flowers of the Astrov family, in the Middle Ages exported from America. They quickly spread and won sympathy with bright beauty, vitality and sharp aroma.
There are many species of this plant: differ in structure, color, are annual and perennial, with straight stems and sprawling bushes. Inflorescences - fluffy and bright, a variety of shades of yellow and orange.
The necessary conditions
In order for marigolds to grow at home, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for them:
- Choose a suitable place. It should be sufficiently illuminated - the plant is very light-requiring. Therefore, if the balcony or the windows face north, it will grow, but without lush flowering.
- Pay attention to the choice of capacity for landing. To get bushes sprawling, not to compete, everyone needs to provide free space. Therefore, flower pots or balcony boxes are selected in width, not in depth. For a marigold stem root system, the capacity may not be deep.
- Prepare the soil or purchase in a specialty store. To get a nutritious loose substrate with low acidity, you need to mix leaf and sod land with peat and sand (2: 2: 2: 1).
- To avoid contamination, the soil can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or steamed. The soil purchased in the store, as a rule, does not need treatment.
- Pour drainage into the bottom of the tank: shards, expanded clay or pebbles. Sprinkle with prepared substrate.
- The distance between the flowers when planting depends on the marigold variety: for undersized - 12-15 cm, for medium in height - 20-25 cm, for tall bushes - 35-40 cm.
- After landing it is necessary to ensure that the air temperature in the house was above + 22 ° C.
On the balcony
In the summer, on the open balcony, marigolds can be grown in special boxes or containers of flowers taken out of the apartment. For lush flowering, keep the pots on the balcony should be in a sunny position..
If the balcony is glazed and comes out to the south, and in early spring it is already up to + 10 ° C, then you can sow flowers in boxes in January. But in order for the seedlings not to stretch, additional illumination is needed.
Varieties for the balcony is better to choose among the undersized flowers:
In the apartment in the winter
Marigolds successfully grow in an apartment and in winter. If you sow the seeds in August, then before winter there will be seedlings, and in winter the flowers will bloom. Bright spherical flowers growing in pots on the windowsill, will create a home comfort and pleasant atmosphere in the winter cold.
The marigolds require a lot of light for the growing season, so in the winter period you cannot do without additional artificial lighting. In winter, the air in the apartment is overdried, periodically you need to moisten the air near the flower pots, spray the upper part of the soil with water.
Warnings and Tips
Marigolds on the balcony or on the windowsill is not only aesthetically pleasing, flowers are beneficial. What can you advise, what to pay attention to or what to protect yourself from when growing marigolds:
- Fitontsida released from the leaves and buds, disinfect the air in the room.
- Insects do not like the sharp spicy smell of flowers: mosquitoes and flies do not fly where they bloom. And aphids and thrips do not hurt all the other indoor flowers.
- You can use the leaves and inflorescences in cooking. Add to sauce or marinade. By grinding the dried inflorescences into powder, you can make a famous spice - Imeretinsky saffron.
- According to popular belief marigolds protect the house from the envy of enemies.
- In folk medicine, dried flowers are used in the treatment of cataracts and cardiovascular diseases, cleanse the body of toxins. Treat asthma.
Simple care combined with decoration - the advantages of growing marigolds at home. If you follow no complicated rules of care, then this plant will create comfort and make your home brighter!
Blooming balcony - a good mood!
Remember how many times you were going to decorate your balcony with beautiful flowers, but you never got around to your hand, since you have no experience in gardening? I myself was a little afraid of the “flower fiasco,” until I realized that there are many plant varieties, the planting of which does not require any special skills at all.
Today, I will tell you by example how to plant marigolds on the balcony, and prove that the devil is not so bad as he is painted, and everyone can ennoble their loggia with bright colors.
Even an inexperienced gardener planting marigolds will seem like an easy task.
Three reasons for landing marigolds
Among the thousands of varieties of flowers suitable for planting at home, an inexperienced consumer will be easily confused. Ultimately, there is a great chance to choose a culture that requires increased attention, give up on gardening and give yourself a promise never to try to plant a flower garden on your own. Marigolds in this regard are ideal for a beginner, and I will explain why below.
Reason number 1. It is beautiful
Marigolds, they are Tagetes, a strongly branching annual plant from hot Mexico. Its rather large double and semi-double blossoms resemble something like a chrysanthemum or a carnation (only the price for tagetes will be lower).
Lush flowers will be a great decoration for any balcony.
Planting marigolds on your loggia or balcony, all summer and autumn you can enjoy the beauty of bright flowers, presented in a rich orange-yellow, red-burgundy or maroon-brownish scale.
Reason number 3. This is useful
Growing marigolds on the balcony will result in a real pharmacy in your home. If you did not know, Tagetes is widely and successfully used in traditional medicine:
Bright flowers are not only beautiful, but also useful
- lutein contained in this plant reduces the likelihood of developing cataracts,
- dried marigolds are used in the treatment of diabetes and inflammation of the pancreas,
- tincture of flowers used in stomatitis, bronchitis, asthma and the common cold,
- decoction of marigolds, added to a hot bath, helps reduce stress and anxiety, has a positive effect on the nervous system.
Choice of varieties
Many plant varieties are popular all over the world.
The first thing you need in planting any plant is choosing the right variety. Despite the fact that there are many varieties of marigolds in the world, the ones described below are especially popular.
- The largest plants, whose height ranges from 30 to 100 centimeters.
- Common shades of inflorescences: creamy white, lemon yellow, bright yellow and golden.
- Popular varieties: Vanilla (70 cm), Kilimanjaro (60-70 cm), Antigua (30 cm).
- Plant height most often does not exceed 60 cm.
- The subspecies is a small bushes, which are compactly located a large number of inflorescences.
- Common shades of inflorescences: orange-yellow in the middle and red-brown around the edges.
- Popular varieties: Bolero, Orange, Flame.
- Possess openwork leaves and delicate aroma.
- Plant height is about 40 cm.
- The most popular varieties: Golden Jam, Lulu, Ursula, Gnome.
There is nothing complicated about how to grow marigolds. It’s harder to choose the right grade
Preparing for sowing
Marigolds are fast-growing plants, so you can enjoy their flowering within a month or two after sowing. Before planting seeds do not forget to consider the following nuances:
- Plants should be planted in the ground only after a stable night temperature is established outside, namely + 5 ° C and higher.. In principle, this recommendation applies more to owners of unglaced balconies.
- If you live in a warm region, then the landing process can begin as early as mid-April; for colder areas, it is better to wait until early May.
- Do not forget that plants need a large amount of light. If the balcony windows face the north side, care should be taken to provide additional lighting in the spring months.
In order to grow marigold successfully, during planting you just need to follow the rules. Now you will see how simple they are.
A common flower pot for marigolds may not be enough.
- Since the volume of the marigold pot on the balcony may not be sufficient for the relatively powerful root system of the plant, I recommend using special flower oblong boxes for planting. In addition, in them the plants will look even more spectacular.
- For planting, you can use almost any soil. For these purposes, garden soil, previously mixed with a small amount of sand and peat, is perfect. You can also buy in any flower shop universal soil for indoor and garden plants.
Ensure that the land used is neutral in acidity. Otherwise, the luxurious bloom of marigolds will be in question.
Nothing prevents you from turning your balcony into a real flower garden.
- In the planting ground with your own hands, make grooves about 1 cm deep, then in them lay out the seeds of the plant at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle the grooves with earth, water well and wait for germs to appear. On average, it takes from 2 to 4 days, but if you get old or tight seeds, the process may take a week.
As you can see, the instructions for planting these bright and useful flowers are incredibly simple. So I don’t see any reasons why something might go wrong with you in this easy matter.
In order for your balcony to simply sink into the lush bright blooming of marigolds, they should be properly taken care of. To achieve the desired result, much is not necessary, just enough:
With good care, the plant will give you a lush flowering, as in the photo
- Water marigold daily. On particularly dry summer days, this is worth doing twice a day.
- Loosen the top layer of soil at least once a week with a stick or spatula.. Supplemental oxygen stimulates enhanced flower growth.
- Remove withered buds immediately, otherwise the ripening seeds will “pull” the life force out of the plant..
- Do not forget about regular feeding for soil. Since the marigolds are not picky, any fertilizer of your choice will work for this.
- If bloom gets worse by July, cut the plant. The hairstyle will update a little bushes and will provoke a new wave of growth.
Is not such a beauty decorate the balcony?
If you are not lazy and will adhere to these elementary recommendations, lush flowering will be the best reward for you.
Appearance history and description
Marigolds are a highly branched annual plant. Its inflorescences, large terry and semi-double, resemble chrysanthemums or carnations in their shape. The largest varieties of marigolds can reach a height of 80 cm. They have bright green feathery leaves, and the flowers can have a wide variety of shades, from bright yellow to rich orange.
Rni brought to us from South America, there marigolds grow in large numbers in the wild. At the present, marigolds are grown and cultivated in Mexico, Canada, Brazil, France, Georgia, Russia and Ukraine.
Will the plants bloom at home?
If you do not have a summer cottage, but you really want to grow marigolds, do not be discouraged. They can be planted directly at home in pots or drawers on your balcony. In the apartment itself, these flowers are rarely grown because of their strong characteristic odor, which gives them a high content of essential oils. But it's a matter of taste. Many people like this smell and even have a calming effect.
These plants bloom in open ground from early June to mid-autumn, until the first frosts come. But at home on the windowsill, marigolds will delight you with their bloom all year round. It is only necessary to properly plant them and create suitable conditions for growth.
ATTENTION. For growing flowers on the balcony is better to choose undersized varieties of marigolds: "Bonanza Orange", "Bonanza Flame" and "Bonanza Bolero." But the most miniature varieties are the following: "Ursula", "Paprika", "Lulu" and "Dwarf".
For the cultivation of marigold seedlings in the apartment itself and on the balcony, we need containers that are comfortable with drainage holes: wide, low pots or drawers. The soil can be universal for flowering plants and purchased in advance. in a flower shop. Or you can prepare a nutrient substrate, which will include peat, humus, sod land and sand (2: 2: 2: 1).
The prepared mixture before planting seeds must be disinfected with a not very strong solution of potassium permanganate.
Drainage from sand, pebbles, expanded clay, and crushed stone (2–3 cm thick) should be placed at the bottom of the containers.
Planting material before planting in the ground must be kept for about a day in a disinfecting solution of weak potassium permanganate. Then the seeds are placed on a saucer, covered with a damp cloth or gauze, packed in a plastic bag and put for 3 days in a warm place. This time the seeds should be enough for germination.
Landing in boxes
On the surface of the substrate, you need to cut shallow grooves with a stick and pour them with warm water. Then the germinated seeds are laid out along the grooves at intervals of 1.5–2.5 cm and sprinkled with a small layer of earth. Some growers do not spread the seeds, but stick them into the ground like sticks.
Watering and temperature
Crops should be moderately sprayed with a spray bottle and placed for germination in a warm place with a temperature of 22–25 ° C.
IMPORTANT. If you follow all the rules of planting, shoots should appear on the 4–6th day.
The seedlings can be transplanted in pots to a permanent place by the onset of the phase of 3-4 true leaves.
Care of seedlings
Domestic marigolds do not require special care, as their garden counterparts. But regular watering and loosening the soil for full growth and flowering is still required.
It is worth knowing that the soil mix in boxes and pots of flowers dries much faster than the land of a street flower garden. Without sufficient moisture, pot marigold bushes will be puny, and their flowers will be small and not so bright. Therefore, be careful that the substrate never dries out.
Marigolds do not require intensive and systematic feeding. But for a more lush flowering during the entire growing season, it is still worth 2-3 times to feed the plants with complex mineral fertilizers intended for decorative flowering crops.
In order for the bushes to have a beautiful spherical shape in the future, the long shoots of young marigolds need to be trimmed in time.
This culture likes adequate lighting. In winter, when growing flowers in an apartment or on a balcony, daylight from the sun may not be enough. From this young marigolds will look lethargic. To prevent this from happening, buy a special fitolamp for additional illumination of seedlings.
Due to its bright characteristic aroma, room marigolds are practically not afraid of pests. But it should be remembered that because of the lack of moisture and the excessive dryness of the surrounding air, the bushes can choose a red spider mite for living. To avoid this, do not forget to regularly spray the bushes and the air around them with cool water. In case of infection with a parasite, an infusion of hot pepper, bitter wormwood, tobacco or yarrow will help.
Gray rot and black leg
These unpleasant diseases occur with the systematic over-wetting of the substat. Until the plant is completely destroyed, it should be treated with the following fungicides: “Fitosporin”, “Ridomil Gold” or “Fundazole”.
TIP. In case of severe damage, it is better to completely destroy diseased bushes to avoid spreading the infection to healthy plants.
Use and application
It is not only beautiful, but also very useful to grow marigolds at home on the windowsill or in boxes on the balcony!
- Their leaves and flowers contain a large number of phytoncides, so that the air around them is disinfected and becomes healing.
- The spicy aroma of these bright amazing flowers do not like mosquitoes and flies, which means you can forget about annoying insects for the entire time they bloom. Do not let close your favorite pets and malicious pests, dangerous for all indoor plants. Aphids, thrips and whitefly are not interested in these fragrant flowers.
- Well-known flower growers prepare curative tinctures from the heads of marigolds, which perfectly treat asthma, bronchitis, stomatitis and various colds. From neurosis and stress help bath with a decoction of marigolds.
- But this is not all the advantages of beautiful solar plants. Gourmets around the world appreciate this flower as a spice. Its inflorescences and leaves can be added to marinades, sauces and even pastries.
- Well, in the people of marigold empower magical powers. It is believed that they protect housing from envious and detractors.
Anti Inflammatory Tincture
If you have problem skin that is prone to irritation and inflammation, prepare the following healing composition. 2 tbsp. l heads of marigold pour 300 g of boiling water. After 3 hours, aloe juice is added to the finished infusion. Then the tincture is filtered and sent to storage in the refrigerator. Wipe problem areas need morning and evening.
At low air humidity, the plant can attack the spider mite, therefore, the bush should be kept away from the heating devices and after the formation of flower buds daily spray with separated warm water.
How to sow seeds for seedlings
Originally in business, marigolds: growing from seeds at home, you need to collect seeds. To do this, take the bud, which has already faded, the seeds are separated from it. They need to be dried and can be used for gardening. Of course, you can buy already prepared seeds of these flowers in any store. Useful material about geraniums: home care (photo).
The soil must be well heated. Therefore, the land for cultivation must be mixed with sand. In the vessel for marigolds, make drainage and place the ground with the vessel next to the battery or another device that radiates heat. It is possible to plant seeds at home at any time of the year; if you are engaged in the cultivation of marigolds at home for the first time, it is best to plant the flowers in early March.
Tip! Be sure to before sowing seeds in the soil, soak them in a pink solution of potassium permanganate with water. Then dry the seeds, and then planted in the soil.
To make marigolds sprout faster, make a film over the container. As a rule, the first sunrises will be visible in a week. When the ground is covered with small greenery, the film can be removed, and the box put on the windowsill or on the insulated balcony.
When to pick
Marigolds: growing from seeds at home further includes a picking process. This can be done when the flowers have already grown to 4 cm and they have got real leaves. It is best for each plant to choose individual pots in which your marigolds will grow at home throughout the season.
Be sure to have pots with drainage, with holes for draining water. The soil should be watered with warm water after transplanting. Before planting a flower in a new pot, it is recommended to pinch off one third of the root's length: then the root system will branch more actively.
Tip! Do not plant several plants in one pot. Marigolds will begin to compete with each other, and none of the plants will not bloom.
How to provide care
First of all, when growing marigolds from seeds at home, it is important to provide the plants with a lot of solar (or artificial) light. It may be necessary to additionally highlight marigolds if they grow poorly (typical of the winter period).
A couple of days after the flowers are planted in separate pots, mineral supplementation is required. Moreover, the roots are fed first, and after a few more days - the ground part of the plant. We will also talk about growing grapes from cuttings at home.
Tip! Marigolds love fresh air, in summer, if conditions allow, take the pots to open balconies. If you grow a flower on the windowsill, then constantly ventilate the room.
It is also important, before the ovaries of the flowers appear, to spray the marigolds with warm water every day. Soil moisture is maintained moderate. You can also grow tomatoes “Balcony Miracle” at home.
Briefly, it is important to consider when home growing marigolds:
- Colors need a lot of light. Lush and bright flowering can be expected only with constant dwelling in the sun. In the shade the plant will not stop its growth, but it will not please the buds,
- Water the flowers regularly. But, as soon as flowering begins, watering is carried out exclusively after the earthen coma has dried. Otherwise, the root system may start to rot, causing the plant to die,
- Feed required necessarily. Fertilizers can be used complex. The first feeding is a few days after transplanting into separate pots, then feeding the plant when the first buds appear. Then feed again at the very beginning of flowering,
- Do not forget to periodically loosen the soil,
It is so popular to grow marigolds from seeds at home, not only because of the beauty of buds and unpretentiousness in care. These colors contain many phytoncides that are released into the surrounding space. It helps plants fight various fungi. Many more interesting things you can learn about the beneficial properties of room geraniums.
Marigolds: growing from seeds at home requires simply planting the seeds and not forgetting to water the plant. Remember that the more sunny place in the apartment you allocate for the flower, and even on the open balcony, the brighter and more charming the flowering will be.
These bright annuals are valued by amateur flower growers and specialists in landscape design for the magnificent combination of unpretentiousness and excellent decorative qualities. Knowing when to sow marigolds on seedlings, you can admire their flowering from spring to the first frost. The run-in time will allow you to shift the flowering time of the tagges (this is the botanical name of this plant).
You can sow marigolds both before winter and in spring. Sowing in central Russia is carried out when the threat of return frost disappears - from the end of May to the beginning of June. Shelter with non-woven material will allow to postpone these periods for another 2 weeks - by the beginning of May.In more southern regions, sowing can be done from the end of March.
Sowing on seedlings depends on the following factors:
- deadlines for establishing frost-free weather for planting,
- the desired timing of flowering marigolds.
Flowering Tagetes comes 1.5-2 months after the emergence of seedlings. Consequently, the landing of marigolds on seedlings falls on the period from March 15 to April 10. Additional illumination of annual crops in the winter months will allow even a short time to approximate the flowering time. To obtain flowering plants in April-May, seeds are sown at home in January-February.
Fungal disease, commonly referred to as "black leg", can completely destroy the young seedlings of marigolds. To avoid this, land for planting should be carefully prepared. There are several ways to disinfect it.
- A container with an earthen mixture for sowing seeds is shed with a solution of a fungicide - Fitosporin, Vitaros, Maxim or any other will be suitable in accordance with the instructions.
- The soil is spilled with a solution of dark pink manganese.
- The earth is steamed in a double boiler or in a water bath for 0.5-1 hours.
- The earth mixture is processed in a microwave oven for 10 minutes in the “Average Power” mode.
Put a drainage layer of expanded clay or crushed stone with a layer of at least 2–3 cm on the bottom of the distribution box.
The composition of the mixture for sowing may be as follows:
- humus - 1 part,
- garden or garden land - 2 parts,
- peat - 1 part,
- large river sand - 1 part.
At the bottom of the container or box should be openings for water flow. Before planting the seeds, the soil must be shed in advance and left for a day at a temperature of +18 to + 21⁰С.
On the surface of the prepared substrate, every 3-4 cm, grooves are made with a depth of at least 1 cm, into which they sow Tagetes seeds at a distance of 1.5 cm one from another. The grooves are sprinkled with a mixture of earth and sifted sand in a 1: 1 ratio. Sowing is carried out not only dry, but also swollen and pre-soaked seeds. They are kept in a damp cloth and plastic bag for 3 days.
A bit of sifted kiln ash can be added to the mixture to fill the grooves. This measure will be an additional prevention of the appearance of the “black leg”.
If you plan to grow seedlings of several varieties, crops need to be labeled with the name of the variety. At home, it is convenient to use a dense foil on which the name of the variety is extruded. This label does not soak and does not fade from sunlight.
The seed box is placed in a warm place (from +22 to + 25⁰С), covered with a plastic lid, plastic wrap or a layer of plexiglass. Before the emergence of shoots, this mini-greenhouse should be regularly aired. Shoots at this temperature will appear after 4-6 days. The container with seedlings is transferred to a cooler place, reducing the temperature to + 18⁰С.
This operation is carried out when the seedlings will have at least 2 true leaves. The soil for the placement of decimated plants has the same composition as for sowing seeds. Growing annuals will be more successful if the soil add 1 tbsp. l full mineral fertilizer and half a cup of ash for every 5 liters of soil mixture. Placed over the plants are placed 7 cm apart. It is even better to do a pick using small peat pots or cassettes for seedlings.
When transplanting, nip off the central root of the seedling by half. If this technique is carried out correctly, then the root system of the tagges will be fibrous, and the seedlings will be strong and stocky.
Prepared plants are planted in a recess in a pot or cassette to the cotyledon leaves, straighten the roots and gently sprinkle with earth. Then the wiggled seedlings are carefully watered with warm water, trying not to wash the ground from the roots. When it settles, pour fresh mix. If mineral fertilizer was not applied before the pick, after 10 days the plants need to be fed with any fertilizer for seedlings. It is convenient to do this by timing the dressing for the next watering.
Growing seedlings Tagetes carried out with infrequent watering. It will properly water it only after the top layer dries.
If the seedlings are cultivated in February or early March, they need to light up for 2-3 hours a day, increasing daylight hours to normal. At home, it is convenient to use fluorescent fluorescent lamps.
Planting in open ground
Transfer the seedlings to the flower garden to continue growing there, you need in a certain sequence.
- Prepare in advance the wells for seedlings. They need to be done at a distance stipulated by the characteristics of the variety, from 15 to 35 cm from each other.
- The root system is placed in the hole, the plant should be planted so that the roots begin 1-2 cm deeper than the surface of the earth.
- Planting hole sprinkled with earth, compacted soil.
- The plant is watered on the leaves or under the root.
Caring for marigolds
Further cultivation of this annual is not difficult even for inexperienced gardeners. This unpretentious plant fades only when a strong drought. Tagetes needs regular watering, weeding from weeds, single dressing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer for lush flowering. Too much nitrogen can cause marigolds to grow their vegetative mass at the expense of flowering.
Rumble the soil around the plants to preserve moisture during the dry season.
Marigolds are very rarely affected by pests, most often by aphids. The pest is washed off with a stream of water during watering or the marigold is treated with a systemic pesticide for ornamental plants.
With all the subtleties of growing seedlings and systematic care, marigolds will delight with their flowering and bright greens throughout the season. This unpretentious plant recovers very quickly after transplanting and diving. With careful selection of planting dates not seedlings can significantly extend the flowering season for this annual.
Marigolds - flowers that not only decorate the interior with a living carpet, phytoncides in the leaves will disinfect the air in the room, create a healing effect. This article will tell you whether and how to grow these flowers at home. You will learn how to care for these flowers, what conditions they need for growth and flowering. We also recommend to watch a useful video on this topic.