Crop production

Pear - Tenderness: features, planting and care

Pear tree with a very beautiful and romantic name Tenderness was derived on the basis of the GNU VNIIS them. I. V. Michurin as a result of the crossing of pear varieties Theme and Favorite Kappa. The originators of the new culture were famous breeders - Pavel Yakovlev and his son Stanislav Yakovlev.

This variety is intended for cultivation in central Russia. Today pear Tenderness is cultivated in more severe climatic conditions. Massively grown in Ryazan, Tambov, Kaluga, Ulyanovsk, Tula, Kuibyshev and Chelyabinsk regions, as well as in the Moscow region.

Coloniform pear Tenderness belongs to the group of vigorous fruit crops. The crown of the tree is sparse, has a pyramidal shape. Skeletal branches are massive, moving away from the trunk at an obtuse angle. Branch rare. The bark of the trunk of a tree and stem branches is colored brown. For this pear tree variety, dark green oval-shaped leaves with sharp tips will be characteristic. The outer surface of the leaf is glossy.

Having studied the characteristics of the variety Tenderness, any gardener and summer resident is interested in the description of the fruit. So, the average weight of a ripe pear varies in the range of 150–200 g. Of a wide-oval shape, fruits differ in large sizes. At the initial stage of ripening, the peel of the fruit has a bright green tint, gradually the pear color changes to a rich greenish-yellow and a faint pink color is added. The peculiarity of this variety is that the blush is always formed on the sunny side.

The grade Tenderness differs in amazing tastes: fruits are sweet with a pleasant note of sourness. Pulp at a fruit oily with granular structure. The harvest period is the end of August or the beginning of September.

Planting seedlings

It is better to plant a pear tree in spring, but you can choose a place for planting and prepare a planting hole in the fall. For a grade of Tenderness pick up a solar and protected from drafts site of a garden. Pay attention to the groundwater level - the pear does not like waterlogging.

The planting pit should be at least 70x100 cm in size. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked for 24 hours, which contributes to a better adaptation and survival rate in the new soil. According to the recommendations of experienced gardeners, for the prevention of fungal infections, it is necessary to make liming the planting pit. The soil from the hole is mixed with sand, organic and potassium phosphate fertilizers.

The final stage of planting includes abundant watering and mulching of the soil with humus, sawdust or chopped wood.

Pear care

In order to grow and harvest a good fruit crop, it is necessary to provide the tree with proper care.

Despite the fact that the pear variety Tenderness is characterized by resistance to fungal diseases and insect pests, it is recommended to annually carry out preventive spraying and processing of the plant. This crop is too sensitive to drought, so don’t forget to water the pear a lot. After each watering, you need to loosen the soil to open access to oxygen.

Pros and cons varieties

Variety of pears Tenderness has been cultivated for quite a long period of time, respectively, gardeners had the opportunity to thoroughly examine all the advantages and disadvantages of this fruit tree.

Before buying a pear seedling, we recommend that you review and analyze all the positive and negative characteristics of the variety.

  • fruit tree compactness
  • excellent frost resistance (transfers 40 degrees frosts),
  • self-bearing culture (however, it needs pollinators to improve yields),
  • consistently high fruiting (during the harvest period, about 40–45 kg of fruit are removed from one adult tree),
  • unpretentious care,
  • high level of resistance to fungal diseases,
  • excellent gastronomic quality of fruit,
  • universal table grades of pears (used raw, used in baking, as well as for making compotes, juices, jams and preserves).

  • short period of storage of the crop after harvest (approximately one month),
  • the need for more thorough watering during the drought season.

Description and characteristics

The tree of this species can be distinguished by a rather high growth. It reaches 6 meters in height. The crown in this case has the shape of a narrow pyramid. The leaves are small, dark green, round with a pointed tip, have a smooth surface. The flowers have a white tint and fragrant smell.

The bulk of the fruit is formed on the side shoots. Pears themselves grow quite large. The length of the fruit can reach 12 centimeters and even more. The weight of one of them varies from 150 to 200 grams. The fruits are basically the same as for selection. The color of pears is yellow with a pinkish blush. On the peel can be found wax coating. Hue pulp - cream.

The taste of pear - sweet, rich, with a slight sourness.

Advantages and disadvantages

It cannot be said that the pear “Tenderness” has a long list of advantages. There are not so many of them, but each is quite weighty and sometimes plays an important role when choosing a variety. Let us write in more detail the main advantages that have made this variety so popular among Russian summer residents.

First of all, it is frost resistance. In most regions of our country, winters are very cold, and few species can survive them. Choose "Tenderness" and you do not have to worry. Trees can withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C.

Irrespective of weather conditions, the pear gives a big harvest. From one tree you can collect about 30 kilograms. To increase this figure, you can apply spraying of various substances. They can increase yields up to 45 kilograms per tree.

"Tenderness" is unpretentious in the care. This plus will help you save a lot of time and effort, without sacrificing the volume of the crop. The variety is highly resistant to fungal diseases and various pests.

The trees have a very compact size. For them, there is always a place, even in small personal plots.

Due to their presentable appearance, pears are a popular item in many grocery stores.

As mentioned above, the fruits of "Tenderness" have a sweet taste with a sour note. Many gardeners claim that pears are pleasant to eat fresh. However, this variety is often used in the preparation of desserts. For example, they become the basis for jams, jams and compotes. Or stuffing for sweet pastries. Also from these pears prepare baby food.

As you can see, the benefits of a variety are not many. However, it has even fewer shortcomings, and they have almost no value.

  • First, it is a short shelf life. Harvest withstands no more than one month (plus or minus a week) before it becomes unusable.
  • Secondly, the trees are somewhat demanding of moisture, and in dry seasons need regular watering.

How to plant?

Planting should be carried out in early spring - in the first half of March. Seedlings will quickly adapt to temperature changes and develop resistance to disease.

First you need to choose the right place. In the case of "Tenderness" there is no need to take into account many factors. The main thing is that the soil is well passed moisture and oxygen.

The hole should be prepared in advance, two weeks before landing. Approximate dimensions: depth - 100 centimeters, width - 60 centimeters. After digging it up, add seven kilograms of organic fertilizer there. For these purposes, humus or compost is well suited. For 14 days they will nourish the soil. Then you need to choose a good sapling.

Purchase them costs only from trusted suppliers. For planting is best suited two-year seedlings with a root length of 20 to 25 centimeters. And carefully inspect the tree for diseases and injuries.

Place the roots in the hole, cover it with earth and tamp. To have a tree support, place a metal peg nearby.

How to plant a pear, you will learn from the following video.

Features of taste and use

The flesh is juicy, soft. When the cut is observed creamy tint. The taste is rich, pleasant. It should highlight the sweetness and a little acid.

It can be used not only fresh, but also used to prepare various dishes. There are pleasant tastes in the preparation of jams, compotes or dried fruits. Often, baby food is made from pears of the Tenderness variety.

Planting Pear Tenderness

Plant should be planted in the spring, in early March. So the tree will be more resistant to temperature extremes and diseases. It should determine the place for landing. Preference should be given to permeable soil, in which a sufficient amount of oxygen falls. The level of acid-base balance should be no more than 4%. If you know that groundwater comes close to the roots, you need to install a drainage system in the ground.

The seedling should be 2 years old, free from damage and disease. The best development is observed in those representatives whose root length is 20-25 cm. It is important to prepare a place for planting in advance. The excavated pit should be about 100 cm deep and up to 60 cm wide. Organic fertilizers (humus, mullein or compost) are poured into it, in an amount of 7 kg. After 2 weeks, when all the nutrients penetrate into the soil, it is possible to plant the seedling. The roots are evenly distributed around the perimeter of the hole, covered with earth and carefully tamped. At a distance of 10 cm from the seedling should put a peg made of metal, which will perform the function of support. As the seedling develops, you need to increase the size of the peg to which you will bind the plant.

Pear care is easy

According to the description of this type of unpretentious care. It is important to adhere to standard activities that apply to most pear crops. The variety needs feeding. They should be 2 for the whole vegetation process

  1. Use of potassium components. Should be carried out at the beginning of flowering. It is necessary to dilute 30 g of potassium nitrate in 10 liters of water and pour 5 liters of solution under the plant root.
  2. It is carried out at the time of the formation of the fruit. 50 g of superphosphate should be diluted in 10 liters of water and pour 7 liters of solution under each plant.

Water culture is not necessary often. The optimal interval of watering 1-2 weeks. Each time you need to pour in 20 liters of water in 1 tree. It is believed that it is best to carry out irrigation work in the morning or in the evening when there is no direct sunlight. After watering, after 2-3 days, you can plow through the soil and remove weeds.

Pruning crown is a very important stage of care. In early March, you need to remove damaged and dry branches, which absorb too many useful substances. In late October, you should thin out the crown and slightly cut its height.

Pest and disease control

The main diseases that can affect this variety are scab, bacteriosis and fruit rot.

  1. Fighting scab can be sprayed with colloidal salt (20 g per 10 liters of water).
  2. You can get rid of the bacteriosis by spraying a solution of manganese (2 mg per 10 liters of water).
  3. In the fight against rotting of fruits, a solution of wood ash (200 g per 10 l of water) will come to the rescue.

Of the pests are aphids and beetles. An effective remedy against aphids will be spraying the tree with Oxyhom (40 mg per 10 liters of water). A solution of cayenne pepper (1 teaspoon per 10 liters of water) will help against the beetles, and sprays will also be carried out.

History and description

A new variety, which later received the beautiful and symbolic name Tenderness, appeared in the GNU VINIIS named after Michurin. Specialists Pavel and Stanislav Yakovlev succeeded in successfully combining two pear varieties - Kapp Favorite and Tema. Currently, the culture listed in the state register and recommended for cultivation in the middle zone, grows in any place, even with the most unfavorable climate.

Pear Tenderness in the garden is demanding for lighting and soil. For it should choose an open area located on a hill. Such components as peat, humus, sand, superphosphate and wood ash are introduced into the soil during spring or autumn planting. This columnar species belongs to the self-fertile, but in order to increase the yield in the garden, pollinators of other varieties with earlier flowering should be planted.

During the fruiting period, the tree enters the age of 4–5 years. Such a culture is able to bear fruit for 10–15 years. For the distribution of the unloading of a young tree and an increase in the degree of productivity, in the first year the crop is shaped. To do this, remove the green fruit, leaving no more than 8 pieces on a branch. Juicy fruits from their own garden are harvested in late August.

The yield is normally stable and amounts to 10 kg per plant. Also, the pear variety with the beautiful name Tenderness adequately withstands low temperatures down to -40 ° C. Because of the presence of surface roots for a tree, it is advised to make mulch from sawdust, humus and bark, covering it with laparnik.

Although the tree is endowed with a persistent immunity to fungal infections, it is recommended to spray the garden against pests and infections during the period of flowering and forming of fruits in order to prevent it.

The harvest is well stored for up to 1 month, and in the refrigerator until the end of October. When shipped over short distances, pears retain their presentation and taste. The purpose of the fruit is universal - they are eaten fresh, added to pies, cooked compotes, make juices, close jams and jams for the winter.

Characteristics of the tree and fruit

Also interesting is the description of the tree and the fruit of the pear. The culture is vigorous, with a sparse crown in the shape of a pyramid. Skeletal branches are located in relation to the trunk at an obtuse angle. Branching is considered rare. The bark of the stem branches and trunk brown. The foliage is oval, glossy and dark green, with sharp tips on the edges.

The shape of the fruit is pear-shaped, the average weight varies from 150 to 200 g. The ovaries are green, when ripe they turn yellow with an obligatory pinkish blush on the sunny side of the fruit. The skin is rough, subcutaneous points are clearly visible. The flesh has a grainy oily structure. The taste of pears is sweet and sour, and astringency is occasionally present. The fruits have a pleasant aroma and about the same size.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of this variety of fruit trees are much greater than the disadvantages. This is a compact plant size, a high degree of frost resistance, self-fertility, consistently excellent fruiting (yields in the best years can reach 40–45 kg). Also highly valued by gardeners for their excellent immunity to fungal diseases, in particular scab, unpretentiousness in terms of care, the ability to collect tasty and juicy fruits. Fruits are good for health, they contain many minerals and vitamins. The disadvantages include the need for abundant watering of the garden during the dry season, as well as the short storage of pears.

Description and varietal characteristics

Pear trees of a grade "Tenderness" vigorous, with rare krone. On the stage of fruiting plants enter about the fourth year after planting in a permanent place.

Large sized fruits. The average weight of a marketable fruit can vary from 155 to 205 g. Fruits are one-dimensional, rounded-egg-shaped. At the stage of harvesting the peel of the fruit has a greenish-yellow color. Characterized by the presence of a weak blush on the sunny side.

Ripe pulp has a very good, sweet-sour taste, as well as a delicate and juicy texture. Fruit ripening occurs in the last decade of August or the first days of September.

Compliance with the storage mode allows you to save the crop until mid-October. The variety has sufficient winter hardiness and produces high yields. It has proved itself very well when grown in the soil and climatic conditions of home gardening in the middle zone of our country.

Features of spring planting

When growing pears of the “Tenderness” variety, one should pay attention to the fact that it is best to plant the seedlings in the spring, according to the requirements of the technology:

  • The qualitative characteristics and nutritional characteristics of the soil are very important for the cultivation of pears, so the soil for planting fruit trees should be not only breathable and permeable, but also loose and enriched with all necessary nutrients,
  • Pre-plant preparation of the site includes such activities as deep soil digging, removal of all weeds and, if necessary, liming,
  • the standard depth of the landing pit on clay soils should be at least 100-120 cm with a diameter of 60-80 cm, and in areas represented by peat soils, the dimensions of the landing pit may be somewhat less,

  • before planting pear saplings, it is necessary to drive a wooden peg, which is about half a meter high, to the bottom of the planting pit,
  • two-thirds of the nutrient soil mix, which consists of peat, humus, fertile soil with the addition of wood ash and superphosphate, is required to be planted in the planting pit,
  • The seedling prepared for planting should be carefully placed in the planting pit and ensure that the root system is neatly straightened, and the root neck of the seedling is located 5 cm above the ground surface.

After planting, the sapling is tied to a wooden peg and watered abundantly. To reduce water consumption and reduce the required irrigation, the soil is mulched with sawdust, peat, or rotted humus mass.

Tips and reviews of summer residents

Pear "Tenderness", in the opinion of many gardeners, fully corresponds to the description of the variety, as well as its name, and forms beautiful fruits with a very juicy, tender, fragrant, sweet-sour taste. Winter hardiness is quite high, so fruit planting does not need very thorough preparation for the winter period.

One of the advantages of this variety is its excellent resistance to scab damage to fruit plantations.

According to reviews of gardeners and gardeners, the yield of this variety is very good and is about 40-42 kg from each adult plant. In the temperature conditions of the cellar and in compliance with the moisture regime, the harvest can be maintained until January, but fruit tastes often deteriorate.

Characteristics of a variety

  • The period of fruiting at Tenderness begins at 4 years after planting a two-year sapling,
  • ripening period - early autumn,
  • productivity is declared as high. According to information from online sources, it is up to 40 kg per tree,
  • flowering occurs at a later date, which helps to avoid damage from frost,
  • according to reviews, in the first year or two of flowering the pear does not set fruit,
  • plant immunity is good, leaves and fruits are highly resistant to scab,
  • winter hardiness Tenderness in the Moscow region is good. Gardeners of the Nizhny Novgorod region note the resistance of wood to frost, but the kidneys suffer greatly. The author of the variety, however, pointed out that after the thaws, which were replaced by severe frosts, trees had damage,

  • keeping fruit low is about 2 weeks. If the fruit has ripened, the pulp inside becomes brown and underedible,
  • the purpose of the use of fruits - table.

Planting and care

It is best to plant a pear in spring so that the plant has time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of frost. But spring planting requires regular watering. It is advisable to place the place sunny, in the south side of the garden, protected from strong winds. In order to form branches of the 2nd and 3rd order, at a young age, the plant needs to be systematically shortened. The process of growing and care is no different from the generally accepted.

Tenderness is often considered by breeders as a donor of earlyness, high winter hardiness and resistance to disease. In the garden, the tree can show itself as a healthy and productive crop. True, opinions are strongly divergent with regard to the taste qualities of the variety, and the quality of fruit is low.

Care rules

"Tenderness" does not require much effort from you. There will be enough minimal maintenance in the form of watering and a pair of dressings.

It is necessary to water the trees every one or two weeks, depending on weather conditions. In the period of drought, it will have to do more often. Over time, under the tree you need to pour out 20 liters of water. It is better to do this in the morning or evening, otherwise direct sunlight can cause damage to the tree. Also do not forget about loosening the soil and removing weeds.

This variety requires no more than two feedings per year. The first should be carried out when flowering begins. For these purposes, suitable potassium nitrate. Dissolve 30 grams of the substance in 10 liters of water. The solution is poured at the root, not more than 5 liters per tree.

The time for the second feeding comes when the fruits begin to form. In this case, use superphosphate. Dissolve 50 grams of the substance in 10 liters of water. One tree requires 7 liters of solution.

Another important part of care is pruning. This should be done twice a year. In the spring, remove damaged and dried branches, in the fall - shorten the height of the tree.

Despite the high resilience, "Tenderness" is still vulnerable to some diseases and pests. Pay special attention to the presence of bacteriosis, scab, rotting fruit or aphids. In all cases, you will help processing chemicals.

In conclusion, it is worth saying that the variety has only positive feedback from summer residents and gardeners, who not only consume the crop themselves, but also put it up for sale.

Pear variety "Tenderness": description, characteristics of cultivation

With the onset of spring, gardeners, gardeners are beginning to actively buy saplings of fruit trees, and more recently the demand for pear trees has increased. Among the variety of varieties it is sometimes difficult to make the right choice. This article is devoted to the autumn pear variety "Tenderness".

Appearance history

Fruit tree with a romantic name is the result of the painstaking work of breeders based on the GNU VNIIS them. Michurin.

Under the leadership of two prominent scientists S. Yakovlev. and Yakovleva P.N.

in the process of crossing pollen from the cultivar "Klapp's Lover" and Lukashevskaya "Tyoma", as a result, the autumn variety was bred - the pear "Tenderness".

It is intended for cultivation in central Russia, but bears fruit very well in regions with a more severe climate, such as the Krasnoyarsk Region.

The basic rules of agricultural technology for pear seedlings

Having decided on the variety and purchasing a new seedling, you should follow all the necessary instructions for planting in the garden and further caring for the tree. Compliance with the simple rules of agricultural technology will allow in the future to receive the long-awaited fruit yields.

Fruit trees are sensitive to nearby groundwater. And pear seedlings are no exception. The best place for their cultivation will be small elevations, sunlit areas of the garden.

Since pears for the most part have a low degree of self-fertility, it is necessary that trees with medium flowering times grow nearby. Otherwise, the fruit can not wait.

Proper planting of pear seedlings ensures that the young tree can quickly take root in a new place.

It is recommended to prepare a seat for a pear of a grade of "Tenderness" in the fall. The earth is carefully dug up, weeds are removed. During the winter, the number of microorganisms and fungal bacteria will decrease under the influence of low temperatures in the soil.

In the spring before the onset of the growing season, a fruit tree is planted in a permanent place. Carefully remove the upper fertile layer of the earth and retracts to the side.

The parameters of the hole should be as follows: at least 70 cm deep and about 1 m in diameter. The fertile soil is mixed with a bucket of sand, a couple of buckets of humus are added, and 2 tbsp. l

potash and phosphate fertilizers.

It is important to remember that before planting the seedling should be liming the hole for the prevention of fungal diseases and the destruction of microorganisms.

200 grams of lime is taken in 10 liters of water, the well-mixed solution is poured into the pit.

Only after this, the prepared soil mixture in the form of a mound is poured into the center of the footprint.

In the seedling, the trunk and roots are slightly shortened, then set on an earthen tubercle and, trying not to bury the root collar, cover the hole with soil.

40 cm from the seedling drive a strong, high count. By means of a twine tie a tree to a peg.

Such a procedure is done so that during strong gusts of wind there is no distortion or breaking of the young trunk.

Before planting, it is advisable to keep the tree for 24 hours in water., which added root stimulants. Such a measure will help speed up the process of adaptation of the seedling.

Planting is completed with abundant irrigation, at least 3 buckets of water, and mulching around the soil. For mulch, optimal use of humus, sawdust, small pieces of bark.

Representatives of the variety are extremely sensitive to drought, therefore regular watering is mandatory, especially for young trees.

Pear virtues

Gardeners who have on their plots pear "Tenderness", distinguish the following benefits of the variety:

  1. Excellent frost resistance of seedlings (withstand a decrease in t -40 ° C),
  2. Stable annual yields,
  3. Wonderful fruit taste
  4. Practically not exposed to disease.

Having made a choice in favor of the pear “Tenderness”, gardeners having put a minimum of effort, receive a compact, productive tree with beautiful, juicy fruits.

Pear Tenderness: description and characteristics of the variety

Pear tree with a very beautiful and romantic name Tenderness was derived on the basis of the GNU VNIIS them. I. V. Michurin as a result of the crossing of pear varieties Theme and Favorite Kappa. The originators of the new culture were famous breeders - Pavel Yakovlev and his son Stanislav Yakovlev.

This variety is intended for cultivation in central Russia. Today pear Tenderness is cultivated in more severe climatic conditions.

Massively grown in Ryazan, Tambov, Kaluga, Ulyanovsk, Tula, Kuibyshev and Chelyabinsk regions, as well as in the Moscow region.

Coloniform pear Tenderness belongs to the group of vigorous fruit crops. The crown of the tree is sparse, has a pyramidal shape. Skeletal branches are massive, moving away from the trunk at an obtuse angle. Branch rare.

The bark of the trunk of a tree and stem branches is colored brown. For this pear tree variety, dark green oval-shaped leaves with sharp tips will be characteristic. The outer surface of the leaf is glossy.

Having studied the characteristics of the variety Tenderness, any gardener and summer resident is interested in the description of the fruit. So, the average weight of a ripe pear varies in the range of 150–200 g. Of a wide-oval shape, fruits differ in large sizes.

At the initial stage of ripening, the peel of the fruit has a bright green tint, gradually the pear color changes to a rich greenish-yellow and a faint pink color is added.

The peculiarity of this variety is that the blush is always formed on the sunny side.

The grade Tenderness differs in amazing tastes: fruits are sweet with a pleasant note of sourness. Pulp at a fruit oily with granular structure. The harvest period is the end of August or the beginning of September.

It is better to plant a pear tree in spring, but you can choose a place for planting and prepare a planting hole in the fall. For a grade of Tenderness pick up a solar and protected from drafts site of a garden. Pay attention to the groundwater level - the pear does not like waterlogging.

The planting pit should be at least 70x100 cm in size. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked for 24 hours, which contributes to a better adaptation and survival rate in the new soil.

According to the recommendations of experienced gardeners, for the prevention of fungal infections, it is necessary to make liming the planting pit.

The soil from the hole is mixed with sand, organic and potassium phosphate fertilizers.

The final stage of planting includes abundant watering and mulching of the soil with humus, sawdust or chopped wood.

In order to grow and harvest a good fruit crop, it is necessary to provide the tree with proper care.

Despite the fact that the pear variety Tenderness is characterized by resistance to fungal diseases and insect pests, it is recommended to annually carry out preventive spraying and processing of the plant. This crop is too sensitive to drought, so don’t forget to water the pear a lot. After each watering, you need to loosen the soil to open access to oxygen.

Variety of pears Tenderness has been cultivated for quite a long period of time, respectively, gardeners had the opportunity to thoroughly examine all the advantages and disadvantages of this fruit tree.

Before buying a pear seedling, we recommend that you review and analyze all the positive and negative characteristics of the variety.

  • fruit tree compactness
  • excellent frost resistance (transfers 40 degrees frosts),
  • self-bearing culture (however, it needs pollinators to improve yields),
  • consistently high fruiting (during the harvest period, about 40–45 kg of fruit are removed from one adult tree),
  • unpretentious care,
  • high level of resistance to fungal diseases,
  • excellent gastronomic quality of fruit,
  • universal table grades of pears (used raw, used in baking, as well as for making compotes, juices, jams and preserves).
  • short period of storage of the crop after harvest (approximately one month),
  • the need for more thorough watering during the drought season.

In this video, an expert will talk about how to care for fruit trees in the garden.

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Pear "Tenderness": the characteristic of a grade and requirements to cultivation

Pear under the very symbolic name "Tenderness" is used not only for fresh consumption, but also in demand for the manufacture of high-quality processed products, including compotes, juices and preserves.

The variety was bred by the well-known summer residents and gardeners of our country by the breeders P. N. Yakovlev and S. P. Yakovlev as a result of the work done on the crossing of a Lukashevka pear called “Tyoma” with the very popular variety “Klapp's Lover”.

Tambov, Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Chelyabinsk and Kuibyshev regions, as well as the territory of the entire Moscow region are optimally suited for growing this variety. It is here that high yields are noted, as well as the lowest risk of being affected by the most harmful diseases and plant parasites.

How to prune a pear in the spring (video)

When growing, gardeners and gardeners are advised to pay attention to the fact that in arid years, the variety reacts extremely negatively to insufficient soil moisture in tree trunks, therefore irrigation measures, especially at the flowering stage and fruit formation, should be as abundant or regular as possible.

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Description and distinctive features of the pear August dew

Pear Avgustovskaya dew unpretentious to the conditions of growth

Variety Avgustovskaya dew was obtained by the breeders of the Institute. Michurin in 2002.

Culture actively spread in the Central Black Earth region. For its removal were used pears Triumph Pakgam and Tenderness.

They provided August dew resistance to disease and low temperatures.

This variety does not differ in large size - the height of the tree does not exceed three meters. But the growth rate is quite rapid. The crown of average density, has a slightly wilted shape. The branches relative to the trunk are located at right angles.

The bark is gray with a smooth surface. The shoots are thick, slightly curved. The buds are medium in size, resemble a cone in appearance. Sheet-plate dark green oblong-shaped, serrated on the edges. The petioles are medium in size.

The flowers are small, have a white color.

Fruits are medium size, their weight varies from 120 to 150 g. Occasionally there may be specimens weighing up to 200 g. When technical maturity is reached, they are green.

Then the fruits become slightly blush and yellowness. Fruits are covered with smooth skin with many subcutaneous points. The stem is relatively thick, curved.

In the area of ​​the funnel there is a mild rust-like color. Seeds are medium in size.

Fruit pulp has a white color. The structure is fine-grained. Pears are quite juicy, with a sour-sweet taste. Variety refers to table crops. Fruits contain:

  • 2.72% Arbutin,
  • 13.2 mg / 100 g ascorbic acid,
  • 40 mg / 100 g P-active elements
  • 0.84% ​​pectin,
  • 0.59% titratable acid,
  • 8.5% sugars.

On a five-point scale, the taste of fruit is estimated at 4.6 points.

The peculiarity of the formation of shoots and buds should be emphasized as a feature of the variety.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

August dew is famous for its bountiful harvest and resistance to cold.

The main advantages of the variety include:

  • weak susceptibility to low temperatures and drought,
  • high resistance to scab,
  • excellent commodity properties of fruits,
  • abundant fruiting.

The disadvantages include a different size of fruit with abundant yield.

Landing features

August dew grows best on loamy or sandy soil

The August dew is a self-fertile crop, but the variety’s ability to self-pollination is low, so it needs a pollinator.. The most suitable option for this is a pear in memory of Yakovlev.

The plant is planted in spring or autumn. This can be done in the first half of October, when the soil is still warm, which will allow the root system to harden before the onset of the winter period.

Or planting is done in the last decade of April or early May (before the period of leaf blooming).

For a pear it is important to choose a well-lit area. The quality of the future harvest depends on it.

With a lack of sunlight, the volume of fruiting and the level of sugars in fruits will decrease, which will negatively affect their taste.. It is desirable that the area was fenced with buildings or a fence.

This will minimize the harmful effects of winds on the growing tree. But at the same time buildings should not severely shade the area for landing.

You should also pay attention to the location of groundwater, which should be no closer than 2 m to the surface.

With their high occurrence, the plant is planted on a hill 40 cm high, which is constructed from fertile soil. For the August dew, sandy-chernozem or loamy soils are needed.

It is allowed to plant a tree in sandy soil, but at the same time it is necessary to fertilize the pear annually.

Important! You can not grow a variety on clay soils.

The process of planting has the following features:

  1. For planting, select a two-year-old sapling without any damage.
  2. Prepare a hole in advance - about 2 weeks before landing. It should have a depth of 50 cm and a width of 100 cm. If the procedure is to be performed in spring, it is advisable to begin preparatory work in the fall.
  3. Step back 30 cm from the center of the groove and set a stake that should rise 50 cm above ground level. It will contribute to the proper formation of the stem of the plant.
  4. Obtained when digging the ground, mix with three buckets of humus, 80 g of ammonium nitrate and 150 g of potassium sulfate. Fill the pit with 2/3 volume with this mixture.
  5. Tear off the leaves on the branches of the tree, leaving only 2-3 pieces on each shoot. Before planting the plant, be sure to dip the roots in the clay mixture - this will facilitate their adhesion to the soil. To prepare the desired composition, mix 1 bucket of clay, the same amount of humus and 350 g of superphosphate.
  6. Then place the seedling in a hole so that the root neck is 5-6 cm high above the ground. Sprinkle the plant with soil and lightly tamp it down.
  7. Tie a seedling to a stake with a rope or other suitable material.
  8. Then pour the pear with two buckets of water and grind with peat a layer of 10-15 cm, which will help retain moisture. When planting several trees between them, a distance of 3–4 m must be left.

Important! From vigorous plants when planting should retreat by 6 m.

How to plant a pear - video

You can water the pear by sprinkling or under the root

The development of the pear depends on the subsequent care, which involves several stages. One of them is watering.

During the first year after planting, the tree is moistened weekly - 10 liters of water are consumed per plant.

It is possible to irrigate using a sprinkler or a regular watering can.

In the future, the pear is watered once every ten days at the rate of 2 buckets of water per 1 m2.

The procedure is carried out depending on the weather - you need to water the pear as the soil dries.

In early July, irrigation of fruit-bearing trees is increased to 3 buckets, and in the last days of August it is stopped.

Important! Before each procedure, the soil should be loosened.

Fruiting pear is determined and timely feeding. But note that the regularity of the procedure depends on the soil on which the crop is planted:

  1. If the tree grows on sandy soil, fertilizing is made annually.
  2. When planting pears on chernozem and loamy soils, it is fertilized less frequently. In this case, the culture is fed every 2-3 years.

Top dressing varies with the seasons:

  1. In the spring, from the last decade of March to the beginning of April, the pear is fertilized with organic matter — humus or rotted manure. On 1 m2 of land will need 2 kg of dry material. You can also prepare a nutritional mixture. To do this, the components are diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio. The resulting composition fertilizes the soil, spending 1 bucket per 1 m2.
  2. In the autumn feeding is made after the foliage falls. Each tree is fertilized with a composition of 650 g of ash, 50 g of superphosphate, 15 g of urea and 20 g of ammonium nitrate.

Pruning pears will achieve better yields.

To regulate the size of the tree and the volume of the crop, annual pruning is carried out. In this case, you should follow a specific scheme:

  1. The first time the procedure is carried out after landing. Tree branches are shortened by 1/3 of the length.
  2. In spring, in April, all shoots are cut to ¼ length. Also completely remove the branches that have suffered from frost.
  3. In the fall (October) eliminate dry and damaged shoots.

To prevent the release of slices of juice that attracts pests, they need to process garden pitch. To make it, melt 1 kg of rosin and mix with 0.25 l of drying oil. Pour 5 kg of previously melted paraffin into this mixture.

Preparing for the winter

Before winter, pear need water recharge irrigation and whitewashing bark

In October, proceed to the preparation of the tree for the winter. Dried fruits are removed from a pear, fallen leaves are removed.

Do not rush to burn them, because such material is well suited for the formation of a compost pile. Then spend water charging irrigation. For one tree you need 100 buckets of fluid.

Then the trunk and skeletal branches covered with whitewash. This helps prevent the harmful effects of pests.

To prepare the solution, you need to add to the bucket of water 2.5 kg of freshly boiled lime (can be replaced with chalk), 0.5 kg of copper sulfate and 100 g of adhesive mixture based on casein. Pre-remove mosses, lichens and non-viable fragments of bark from the tree. Then with a small brush, apply the composition on the trunk and branches.

The area adjacent to the tree, mulch with a layer of sawdust 15-20 cm thick. Cover the trunk and shoots with paper. After the formation of snow cover, scoop up the snow closer to the plant.

Harvesting

Fruiting Variety Avgustovskaya dew begins at 3-4 years after planting. Fruits ripen by mid-September.

The variety is highly productive - one tree produces about 10–15 kg of fruit per season.

Pears are harvested in the morning or evening, they are plucked together with the stalk.

August dew is suitable for seasonal conservation.

Crop first collected in baskets, and then poured into boxes with holes, where the pears are placed in two layers.

They should be at a temperature of + 1 ... + 3 ° C and a humidity of 85%. Fruit storage period August dew reaches three months.

They are used for making compotes, jams, and also as a filling for baking.

Important! For storage it is impossible to use the fruits having mechanical damages.

Gardeners reviews

The August dew - a cool pear, juicy, tasty, though not very large, ripen depending on the weather conditions - the second decade of August plus a week or a half.

granddaughters Michurin
http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=6770

Somehow many people praise the August dew to taste, but I am not impressed with its taste (simple sweet-sour taste, without stony stones), Lada liked it even more. But the August dew was kept in my fridge for up to three months without loss of taste and appearance, which is just super for the summer pear.

babay133
http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?f=30&start=435&t=6273

One of the most beloved pears in our family. A small neat tree. Trouble-free in terms of winter hardiness, drought resistance, resistance to diseases and pests.

It is enough for the standard care. Graduated pears, leveled - 130-150 grams. Very harmonious combination of acid and sweetness. Very juicy, with a gentle, melting pulp.

Apple
http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=10426

I liked the August dew because it is extremely winter-hardy. And it is resistant to sores; no significant tricks are required in this regard.

Scabbons do not affect either the leaves or the fruit. Sapling gives the first harvest in the fourth year after planting and then bears fruit annually.

Productivity is powerful, we collect so many from three rather young trees that we neither eat nor roll.

Elizabeth
http://www.critman.ru/reviews/grushaavgustovskayarosa/otziv_ponravilas_439.html

The obvious advantage of this variety is its high disease resistance, which significantly simplifies the cultivation of the crop.

The pear needs standard procedures such as dressing, watering, pruning and loosening.

With undemanding care, the August dew has good fruiting performance.

Pear varieties

“Variety decides the success of the whole business.”

These words of I. V. Michurin should be for amateur gardeners a guide to action. After all, it is very important to choose the right grade. Therefore, I decided to introduce you to some varieties of pear.

Despite the undoubted advantages, the pear is intensively cultivated only in the southern zone of fruit growing..

In the middle zone of the country, it did not spread, as until recently it had grown mostly old, insufficiently resistant to frost varieties susceptible to scab, with fruits of mediocre taste.

Common pear. Botanical illustration from O.V.

Tome Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1885

The centuries-old folk breeding, which produced excellent varieties of apple and other fruit and berry crops, now successfully growing in the harsh climatic regions of Russia, proved to be powerless in creating valuable pear forms. The existing Central Russian varieties - Bessemyanka and Tonkovetka (not counting the different Bergamot, Dul and their seedlings with bad fruit taste) - cannot satisfy us. The fruits of these varieties - summer and early autumn ripening - are affected by scab, they are not conserved in planting and therefore serve only for consumer purposes in the areas of their growth.

Moreover, in the harsh winters, Bessemyanka and Tonkovetka freeze slightly and usually do not bear fruit for the following years.

It is extremely difficult to bring new high-quality, winter-hardy, not susceptible to diseases pear varieties of different ripening terms for the middle zone of the country. Decades ago I. V. Michurin

set the task of moving pear plantations to the north. Since then, domestic breeding has reached

certain successes, and new varieties of pears created by pupils and followers of I. V. Michurin, firmly settled in amateur gardens and received well-deserved recognition.

However, the fruits of this valuable culture are still lacking. And this is explained by the fact that the previously cultivated varieties discredited the pear as a culture, and the new varieties are not yet known to a wide range of gardeners, they are being introduced slowly.

In the Central Genetic Laboratory. I. Michurin derived valuable varieties. In terms of a number of indicators, they are significantly superior to the previous assortment and can serve as a basis for laying garden gardens.

The variety is obtained by sowing seeds from free pollination of the Forest Beauty. The authors of the variety I. V. Michurin, P. N.Yakovlev, S. P. Yakovlev, and 3. N. Tsvetaeva.

Enters fructification in the 4-5th year after planting. Fruits of the upper size (weight up to 185 g). The average yield of more than 30 kg from 13-year-old trees. The flesh is sweet, good quality. Grade autumn term consumption - September — October.

It is of interest for cultivation in the Voronezh, Kursk, Belgorod regions.

Pet Yakovleva

The variety was bred by P. N. Yakovlev from the crossing of the Michurin variety Daughter Blankova with the Belgian variety Bergamot

Pear, a grade "Favorite Yakovlev"

Esperen. Partially samoplodny. It tolerates drought. Fruiting annual. Productivity to 80 kg from a 13-year tree. Enters fructification for 4 - 5th year after landing.

The fruits of the autumn term of consumption (October), above average (130 g). The flesh is juicy, sweet and acidic, with quince flavor. In wet years, fruits can be affected by scab.

It is zoned in the Tambov, Lipetsk, Belgorod, Penza, and Moscow regions; it is also recommended for cultivation in the Ryazan, Tula and Kaluga regions..

The variety was bred by P. N. Yakovlev and S. P. Yakovlev from crossing Tyom's Lukashevsk pears with Klapp's Favorite.

Pear, grade "Tenderness"

Winter hardiness is high, annual fruiting, yield is good - up to 40 kg from a 13-year-old tree. Reacts negatively to drought. In the conditions of the Tambov region does not require spraying against diseases. Enters fructification in the 4th year after planting.

Fruits - from round to ovoid shape (up to 150 g). The flesh is juicy, sweet-sour, sometimes with astringency. The fruits ripen in mid-September. The period of consumption is up to 15 days.

Recommended for cultivation in the Tambov, Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Moscow, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Chelyabinsk and Kuibyshev regions.

Autumn dream

It was bred by P. N. Yakovlev and S. P. Yakovlev from the crossing of Koprechka Michurinskaya No. 10 and the winter Dean variety. Winter hardiness is good, annual fruiting, high yield - 40 kg from a 10-year-old tree. Enters fructification on 4 — bth year after landing.

The fruits are round to conical shape, usually of medium size (the maximum mass of individual fruits is 130 g). The flesh is sweet-sour, aromatic.

Consumer maturity comes in mid-October. The period of consumption is about a month. In the conditions of the fruit storage - until January.

It has a very high technological quality.

Recommended for cultivation in the Tambov, Lipetsk, Penza, Ryazan, Moscow and some other related areas.

Autumn Yakovleva

Pear, variety "Autumn Yakovlev"

The variety was bred by P. N. Yakovlev, S. P. Yakovlev, and 3. N. Tsvetaeva from crossing the Michurin variety Daughter Blankova with the Belgian variety Bergamot Esperen.

Winter hardiness of flower buds, annual shoots and young wood in the area of ​​the city of Michurinsk is satisfactory. In winter, in some years, damage to the bark of skeletal branches and trunks is observed.

The average yield of 30-35 kg from a 13-year-old tree. Enters fructification in the 4-5th year after planting.

Fruits weighing from 135 to 260 g.

The flesh is very sweet, with a light refreshing acid, a weak muscat aroma - excellent taste properties. Tasting score of about 5 points. The beginning of the period of consumption - the middle of October. Fruits can be stored in fruit storage facilities until December - January.

Recommended for cultivation in Lipetsk, Voronezh, Kursk, Belgorod and Rostov regions.

Memory of P. N. Yakovlev

Pear, variety “Memory to P. N. Yakovlev”

Selection of TSGL and the Fruit and Vegetable Institute. I.V. Michurin. Derived by P. N. Yakovlev, Ya. S. Nesterov, S. P. Yakovlev, and R. M.

Korshikova from crossing a Lukashevka pear Theme with the Olivier de Serre variety. The yield of 13-year-old trees - up to 70 kg.

Enters fruiting on the 3-4th year after planting,

Highly resistant, immune to disease, self-fruited variety with compact low-growing trees. In the conditions of the Tambov region does not require spraying against diseases. The mass of fruits is 111 —135 g. The flesh is sweet, with a slight acid and a very pleasant aroma.

The consumption period is the second decade of September. In the bed, the fruits can be preserved until November in the conditions of the fruit storage.

Recommended for zoning in the Tambov region, as well as for cultivation in amateur gardens of Lipetsk, Ryazan, Penza, Moscow, Voronezh and other areas of central Russia.

Pear, variety "Severyanka"

The variety was bred by P.N. Yakovlev from the crossing of Koparechka of Michurinskaya Ml 12 (Ussuri X Vera Ligel) with the variety Klapp's Pet.

Enters fructification for 2 - the 3rd year after landing. The variety is self-fertile, disease resistant. Winter hardiness is very high.

The annual yield is high, up to 110 kg from a 15-year-old tree.

Svetlyanka (Slavic)

Pear, variety “Svetlyanka”

P. N. Yakovlev, S. P. Yakovlev, and A. P. Gribanovsky derived from crossing a hybrid seedling from the Ussurian X to Vera Ligel with the variety Klapp's favorite.

Winter hardiness is satisfactory, impervious to scab. In the conditions of the Tambov region does not require spraying against diseases. The average yield of 35 kg from a 10-year-old tree.

Enters fructification on 4 — bth year after landing. Fruit mass 80-100 g. The flesh is sweet, with a light refreshing acid, slightly fragrant, without tartness and granulations.

The beginning of the consumer period is the first half of September. Technologically valuable variety,

The variety is of interest for cultivation in the Central Black Earth zone of Russia.

Skorospelka from Michurinsk

Bred With, P. Yakovlev from crossing the hybrid of the Ussuri X Vera Ligel with the variety Citron de Carme. Highly

Pear, variety “Skorospelka from Michurinsk”

high-resistant and productive variety - up to 50 kg from a 10-year-old tree. Enters fructification in the 3-4th year after planting.

Fruits are yellow, medium or lower average, egg-shaped. The flesh has a good sweet-sour taste.

A variety of ultra early ripening. Consumer period - from mid-July, 10-12 days.

It is of interest for growing in all areas of central Russia.

For amateur gardening, not only canteens are important, but also the technological advantages of fruits.. In compotes, they retain qualities that are as close to natural as possible.

They are not boiled soft in jam, at the same time they are well impregnated with syrup and retain their volume and shape.

In this regard, the pear varieties described here are good raw materials for making compotes, jams, and juices.

When pears of autumn-winter ripening are used for making compotes and jam, taken from a fruit storage, the product looks good, but the slices remain rather coarse, dense, especially in compote. Fruiting is required within 3 to 5 days at a temperature of 18-20! Fruits are ready for processing when they begin to soften.

In recent years, the demand for seedlings and cuttings of pears among gardeners has increased. In this regard, I want to warn against the rash desire to have in his garden high-quality, but low-resistant varieties that are not adapted to the harsh climate.

Watch the video: Go Beyond Deer Food Plots with Fruit Trees (October 2019).

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