Garden

Tomato "Siberian early" - description and photo

Characteristics of tomatoes varieties Siberian early

  • determinant type
  • tomato flavor: normal,
  • bush height: 30-96,
  • tomato size: large, weighing from 60 to 110 grams,
  • properties of tomatoes: round and flat-rounded, red, slightly ribbed, the number of nests - from 5 to 12, simultaneous yield of the crop. Fruits are aromatic, with a high content of dry substances (up to 7%),
  • ripening period: early ripening, from germination to fruiting 114-127 days,
  • application options: universal, however, due to the high percentage of dry substances, tomatoes of this variety are good for making juices, tomato sauces and mashed potatoes.
  • method of cultivation: open or protected ground.

Cultivation in protected ground: The laying of the first inflorescence occurs over an 8–10 leaf, followed by a 1–2 leaf. The height of the main stem is from 53 to 94 cm. Tomato Siberian precocious, grown in film greenhouses, has a yield of up to 9.5 kg per 1 meter², and the yield of yield from one bush reaches 1.2 kilograms.

Cultivation in open ground: Bookmark the first inflorescence - over 6 - 8 leaf, in the future - after 1 - 2 leaf. The height of the main stem is from 30 to 48 cm. The yield reaches 7 kilograms per 1 meter², and the yield per bush is from 600 grams. Taste properties of tomatoes grown in open ground, much better than those grown in greenhouse conditions. Also, tomatoes when grown in such conditions have larger fruits.

We found more than 10 negative reviews about this variety on various forums and sites. Most people write that it is outdated (launched in the 50s) and loses much in taste and yield to new hybrids and varieties. The advantages include cold resistance and early simultaneous ripening, which is convenient for blanks. However, perhaps the reason is low-quality seeds.

1. For several years, he planted only Siberian precocious, an old variety, of the same age as Belyi. By today's standards, there is nothing attractive in it. Fruits are flat, finned. The height of the bush in my greenhouse was about 1.2 m. It is unstable to brown spot. Requires a garter. For those times it was quite fruitful. Posted by: baraban

2. My Siberian early ripening was on the strength of 45 cm (from “Russian seeds”), I also didn’t find anything special in it, the first fruits ripened early, and then he stopped to develop and others beat him with a whistle, a garter is needed, but it falls. Posted by: Natasha.

3. Every year I test 50-60 varieties and hybrids of tomatoes on my plot, 35-40 of them are new breeding. After a hard selection for yield, early ripeness and taste, the collection is replenished with just a few varieties. Of the old varieties only Siberian early maturity can compete with the latest achievements of breeding. Most seed companies sell Siberian seeds of early ripening, but in packaged bags, seeds are not of this variety, as I saw for myself, buying seeds of Siberian early ripening 3 times from different companies. It is not profitable for breeding stations to grow this variety, because its fruits contain very few seeds, and the demand is high. The variety is early ripe, high-yielding, the bush is low - 30-40 cm, the fruits are red, round, slightly oval, some almost plum-shaped, fleshy, weighing 100-120 g, of high palatability. Author: Vladimir Vasiliev.

Origin

The Siberian Early Maturing variety was bred in the 1950s. Listed in 1959. Today it is gradually being supplanted by other, more productive and tasty varieties, but it remains very popular due to its early ripeness, unpretentiousness and beautiful fruits.

Agrotechnology

Tomato Siberian early ripening is not very picky about the soil, but it is better to plant in fertile, not depleted soil (cabbage, cucumbers, onions, legumes are good predecessors for the tomato). Like many garden vegetables, tomatoes can be grown indoors and outdoors.

Indoor

Growing in closed ground implies cultivation of seedlings in the greenhouse. Seeds begin to plant no later than the beginning of April. The seed must first be processed and hardened. Further care includes watering and feeding. Dive Siberian in the presence of 1-2 of these sheets. In the greenhouse, the plant grows to 60-90 cm, so each bush must be tied to a vertical support. The yield of tomatoes from one bush, depending on the care, reaches 1.2-1.5 kg, the total yield at the level of 9-10 kg per square meter.

In the open ground

In the open ground tomato Siberian early ripening is planted at the age of 55-65 days, when the threat of frost has completely disappeared, although this variety belongs to cold-resistant varieties, but it is better not to risk it. When planting fertilizers are applied, in the future periodically worth watering. Tomato bush grows up to half a meter in height, tied to a support when needed. With 1 m² you can collect 6-7 kg of fruit, with a bush - 500-600 g.

Grade Reviews

Reviews about the variety Siberian early are different, but there are still more positive ones, some gardeners speak neutral about it. Among the advantages of Siberian distinguish its good yield, cold resistance. Also often pay attention to the good suitability of tomatoes for pickling and salting. The advantages include the fact that it can be grown in various natural areas.

There are fewer negative reviews, but unfortunately there are. Most complain that the Siberian early ripening is already outdated, and unable to compete in some characteristics with new hybrids. Some more gardeners are confused by poor disease resistance. Some negative reviews on sites appear about the poor quality of seeds. But no matter how it was, the Siberian early-growing tomato variety remains one of the most requested varieties among the rural population of our country.

Description of tomato varieties Siberian early maturity: characteristics and growing regions

The Siberian early maturing tomato was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation back in 1959. The list of localities where its cultivation is officially recommended is impressive: these are the Northern, Northwestern, Central, Volga-Vyatsky, Middle Volga, West Siberian, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions. As we can see, only warm regions and regions are absent in the list, which may seem strange: after all, tomatoes love heat. But Siberian early ripening - the tomato, created especially for a cool climate, and in conditions of excessive heat feels uncomfortable.

Its purpose is universal - the variety can be cultivated both in unprotected soil and by using film covers. And in fact, and in another version, the yield of the variety is about the same, so the choice of growing conditions is determined by the climate of the region, the desire to get a crop in the usual time or earlier, as well as the preferences of the gardener. Attitudes toward diseases are not constant: if the immunity to tobacco mosaic and spots is high, the rest of the diseases affect the variety on a par with most of the old known tomatoes.

Siberian early ripening belongs to the category of determinant tomatoes, that is, the growth force of its bush is limited. It is relatively short, no more than 80 cm high, and foliage from weak to medium. The leaves are medium in size and plain green. On the main stem only a few inflorescences are formed, so the variety prefers to grow in several stems, most often in three. In each inflorescence there are 3-5 flowers and, accordingly, during normal pollination, the same amount of fruits are formed. On the bushes, the fruits look normal: there are several pieces in the hand

The Siberian variety early-ripening: the first fruits can be harvested after about 3.5 months after germination. The lowest inflorescence, from which the fruits will appear, is formed above the sixth leaf or slightly higher, and all of the following - after 1 or 2 leaves. The fruits are perfectly round or slightly flat, the ribbing is barely noticeable, rather large: each tomato market weighs from 60 to 120 g. The color of fully ripened tomatoes is bright red, but up to the last moment there is a dark green stain on the stem. Seed nests in the fruit - from four or more.

Tomatoes can not be called very tasty, even among the early varieties of fruit taste is not the best. He, like the aroma, is quite traditional, with no frills. Used mainly fresh, but canning is quite possible. The crop is stored for a long time and is transported almost without loss over long distances. Yield in greenhouse conditions is not bad: from 6 to 9 kg / m 2, in unprotected soil a little lower, and more than half of the crop ripen in the first month of fruiting.

Appearance of tomatoes

The shape of the Siberian early fruits is a classic tomato, their coloring is a textbook. These are bright red rounded tomatoes, such as most people represent them since early childhood. Classic shape, red color - nothing unusual, real early tomato

Bushes of this variety can not be considered durable, they have to be tied up, so tomatoes on the bushes do not look so elegant as some modern determinant varieties: they do not resemble a Christmas tree, but this is exactly what most of the old varieties look like. On the bushes at the same time are the fruits of varying degrees of ripening, while they do not look very festive

Advantages and disadvantages of the Siberian early

The fact that the Siberian early ripening has been grown for almost 60 years makes you wonder what it is so good for. Indeed, according to the description given in official documents, the taste of these tomatoes is only satisfactory. Apparently, the reason lies in the title: Siberia is not quite a traditional place for the cultivation of tomatoes, and this variety feels well in harsh conditions. The most important positive aspects of a variety are considered to be:

  • good yield both in protected and unprotected soil,
  • long-term preservation of the crop and its ability to transport,
  • the ability of tomatoes to fully ripen during transportation, being harvested brown,
  • undemanding to growing conditions,
  • increased resistance to cooling and other vagaries of weather,
  • the versatility of the use of fruits
  • the ripening of the first half of the harvest and the ripening of the remaining fruits,
  • immunity to tobacco mosaic and brown spot.

The obvious disadvantages of a variety are:

  • mediocre taste of tomatoes,
  • the unevenness of the fruits in size
  • a clear lag behind modern varieties and hybrids in flexibility to growing conditions, resistance to the complex of diseases and as fruit.

It is noted that the taste of tomatoes grown in the open air, significantly better than those obtained in greenhouse conditions. Actually, this trend can be traced for most vegetables.

Yet the most important feature of the variety, which allows it to be among the well-known tomatoes for a long time, is its high resistance to the conditions of harsh regions, although one cannot but admit that in particularly cold seasons, the quality and quantity of the crop decrease significantly.

In relation to the vagaries of weather, the Siberian Early Maturity surpasses as many new early-growing varieties as well as well-deserved ones, such as, for example, Belyi Beer However, it differs for the better from many early tomatoes in large sizes of fruits (although on one bush there are tomato tomatoes of significantly different dimensions). But in terms of taste, it is significantly inferior to both Betta and Shuttle, and even to the same White filling. Apparently, the time is not far off when new development will force out this variety even in the native climatic regions.

Features of planting and growing

Siberian early ripening is grown in open and closed ground, but if there is such an opportunity, it is better to give preference to fresh air: it is not afraid of cold weather, and tomato tomatoes are more delicious. His agricultural technology differs little from that of most early ripe tomato varieties: almost all over the country, tomatoes are grown through the seedling stage.

The timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends both on the climate of the region and on whether grown seedlings will be planted in a greenhouse or in a garden bed. In any case, the timing should be calculated in such a way that during planting of two-month-old seedlings it was warm in the air and in the ground: both there and there the daytime temperature should be at least 15 o C. Therefore, sow the seeds for soil cultivation of tomatoes in the middle The strip is needed in the second half of March, and in Siberia and its equivalent regions - in early April. For greenhouse cultivation - depending on the quality of the greenhouse: in the case of conventional film greenhouses, seedlings start a couple of weeks earlier.

The technology of growing seedlings does not differ from that for other varieties. Most often, the prepared seeds are first sown in a common box, and then, in a stage of 1-3 real leaves, dive in individual cups or in a more spacious common dwelling, with a distance of 6 cm between the plants. Siberian precocious seedlings rarely outgrow: it is relatively easy to get quality plants

In the process of caring for seedlings, the most important thing is the temperature and light conditions. On the first day after the emergence of shoots, the temperature should be greatly reduced (to 16–18 ° C), and the illumination should be as high as possible. After 4–5 days, the temperature is raised to room temperature and left as such for the entire two months. Water the seedlings rarely and moderately. Provided fertile soil can be dispensed with dressings. 10–15 days before disembarking, the garden is gradually accustomed to harsh conditions, bringing it to the balcony.

The beds for tomatoes are prepared in advance, not forgetting that they do not need a lot of manure, especially fresh, but phosphate fertilizers should be given in abundance. At 1 m 2 make a bucket of humus, half a liter of wood ash and about 40 g of superphosphate. The Siberian early ripening is comparatively dense: 40–50 cm apart. The landing technology is ordinary:

  1. Small holes are made in the designated places, a little additional fertilizer is added to each well: half a cup of ash or a teaspoon of nitroammofoski. After mixing the fertilizer and soil, the well is watered. It is possible and not to water the wells in advance, but this option is more preferable: when planting in the mud, plants take root better
  2. Carefully remove the tomatoes from the box or cups with an earthy clod and place them in the wells, while the seedlings are buried along the seed leaves. Roots seedlings gently squeeze fingers to avoid voids
  3. Water the seedlings with water at a temperature not lower than 25 ° C and water the soil with any bulk material. After planting, the ground should be soaked with quality, but then it should not be watered for a week

The usual care of the bushes (watering, feeding, loosening) is complemented by a couple more activities. Despite the determinism of the variety, the Siberian early ripening has to be tied up: its stems are fragile. Therefore, pegs organize immediately after planting seedlings. Tie the stems with a soft ribbon in several places, as you grow, the tying is repeated.

The bush is formed into three stems, the most powerful stepchildren act as additional stems, while the rest are necessarily removed. The removal of the stepsons is done weekly, breaking them off before they grow to 5 cm or more.In addition, in greenhouses it is advisable to help tomatoes and pollinate, slightly shaking the brush with flowers every few days. The earlier the stepchildren break out, the more power remains at the bush

On personal plots it is not recommended to recommend preventive spraying of tomatoes from diseases and pests using chemicals, but folk remedies should sometimes be used. Well repel pests infusions of onion or garlic, as well as sown nearby calendula or marigold.

Two years ago I planted Siberian early, hoping for an early harvest. The variety was not very early, but not too late - mid-season. Some varieties, the same Sanka, ripened much earlier. I did not like the taste - fresh fruit, slightly sour.

Katerina

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=4453.0

I want to stand up for this variety. The variety is old, proven, suitable for Siberian conditions, early, productive, unpretentious. Yes, it has the usual tomato flavor, which, of course, is not exotic filipers. But I can not say that sour. The consistency - fruits salad destination, juicy. They make a delicious salad when the juice of tomatoes is mixed with sour cream. For juice and processing will go. I did not try to salting, but it is unlikely that the shell is tender. Minus - do not lie for a long time, but we do not lie down. Before the middle of March I do not sow, it makes no sense, everything will have time early.

Galina

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=4453.0

I bought into the name, I thought that if it was early for Siberia, it’s all the more precocious for us - I’ll collect it in June. Yeah, well. Sowing in early March, to the ground - April 15–20, bloomed in late June, the first collection - after July 15. Wildly blossomed - even cut the bouquets, the ovaries - not counted, and then she began to fall off, the fruit stem dried, the leaves dried, brown spots on the stems (I don’t know what kind of infection, they didn’t answer at the forum) From 20 bushes I collected kilograms 5 Everything else is in the garbage, and the seeds are there too.

Evgenia

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=54276

One of the favorite varieties, really early, tasty, well suited for salads, and for pickles. It grows quickly, the seedlings are always strong and resistant to diseases, quite fruitful and easy to grow.

Tanya

http://www.bolshoyvopros.ru/questions/1426458-pogovorim-o-pomidorah-kak-vam-sort-sibirskij-skorospelyj-otzyvy.html

Siberian early ripening cannot be called the best variety of tomatoes nowadays, but due to its many properties, it is still successfully grown in regions with a harsh climate. At the same time, high yields are obtained with equal success both in greenhouses and in the open air. It is a cold-resistant, productive variety of early ripening, fruiting with fairly large tomato tomatoes of classical form and color. Its unpretentiousness allows recommending a variety to inexperienced gardeners.

Siberian tomato early: description of the variety

By type of growth of the bush, this species belongs to the determinant varieties of tomatoes. The height of its bushes can be from thirty to ninety four centimeters. The stem is characterized by strong foliage. The leaves are medium in size and green or dark green in color. Stamb does not form.

Siberian early ripening is usually attributed to the early ripening varieties, since it takes from one hundred and fifteen to one hundred and thirty days from the appearance of the first seedlings to the ripening of fruits. It is resistant to brown spot and tobacco mosaic virus, and to other diseases, it shows moderate resistance. Tomatoes of this variety can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field.

The main advantages of tomato varieties Siberian early can be called:

  • Good yields
  • Cold resistance
  • Universality of fruits used,
  • Unpretentiousness
  • Long period of fruiting,
  • Resistance to certain diseases.

The disadvantages of "Siberian precocious" growers call:

  • Moral obsolescence.
  • Inability to compete with modern hybrid varieties in many ways.

As you can see, these shortcomings are very subjective.

On our site you will find reliable information about such misfortunes as Alternaria, Fusarium, Verticillis, Phytophlorosis and ways to protect against Phytophthora.

Specifications

You can compare the weight of different grades in the table below:

You can store the collected tomatoes in boxes, putting them in dense rows so that their stalks are located on top. Tomatoes selected for storage should not be wet! The box must be closed with a light pressure cover. In such conditions, fruits can be stored for up to two months.

By the way of use this type of tomato is considered universal.. It is used in its raw form, and also used to make juices, mashed potatoes, pastes and sauces. These tomatoes are suitable for salting. When grown in greenhouse conditions, each bush of this variety is usually harvested from one to one and a half kilograms of fruits, and the average yield is nine to ten kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.

When grown in the open ground, from five to five hundred grams of fruits are harvested from one bush, and from six to seven kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.

Compare crop yield can be in the table below:

Next, you will see photos of a variety of tomato "Siberian early":

Care and cultivation

Tomato Siberian early ripening is suitable for cultivation in all regions of Russia, except for the Volga region, the Central Black Soil Region and the North Caucasus District. The main feature of this time-tested variety of tomatoes is the simultaneous ripening of fruits.

Tomatoes of this variety almost never crack. When grown in greenhouses, pre-hardened and treated seeds should be planted in late March or early April. The depth of planting seeds should be at least one centimeter. All further care is regular watering and feeding. When at least two leaves appear on the shoots, they dive.

In a greenhouse, bushes usually grow up to sixty to ninety centimeters in height, so they need a garter to a vertical support. In the open ground seedlings are planted in late May or early June. Best of all, the plants will feel in light, slightly acidic soil, which will be slightly moist.

The distance between the bushes should be at least fifty centimeters, and the distance between the rows can vary from twenty-five to thirty-five centimeters. Plants need to form in three stalks. Caring for tomatoes is to maintain the low humidity of the atmosphere, watering with warm water after sunset, regular fertilization and loosening the soil.

Diseases and pests

The Siberian early-ripe tomato is little susceptible to diseases, and it shows high resistance to the tobacco mosaic virus and brown spot. However, when growing it, you run the risk of encountering such diseases:

  • Phytophthalosis, which can be eliminated by special fungicidal preparations or 10% saline solution,
  • Gray rot, which can be cured with fungicides and triazole preparations,
  • Fusarium and Alternaria, which will save the treatment of fungicidal drugs,
  • The main pests of tomatoes are the bear, wireworm, whitefly, aphid and nematode. To combat them, there are many insecticidal drugs.

Features of growing

The Siberian Early Ripe Tomato is zoned for the following regions and areas:

  • Northern - Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions, the Komi Republic, the Republic of Karelia,
  • North-West - Leningrad, Vologda, Kemerovo, Kostroma, Novgorod Pskov, Tver, Yaroslavl regions,
  • Central - Moscow region, Bryansk, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tula regions,
  • Volgo-Vyatka - Kirov, Nizhny Novgorod, Sverdlovsk Regions, Udmurt and Chuvash Republic, Republic of Mari El, Perm Territory,
  • Srednevolzhsky - Penza, Samara and Ulyanovsk regions, Republic of Tatarstan, Republic of Mordovia,
  • Ural - Kurgan, Orenburg and Chelyabinsk regions, Bashkortostan,
  • West Siberian
  • East Siberian,
  • Far Eastern.

Early ripening variety: fruit ripening begins 98-108 days after germination. Tomato "Siberian precocious" does not require staging. You can form it in three stalks, but since the variety is determinant and early maturing, it usually has time to give the crop without it. It is generally quite unpretentious variety: it gives a decent amount of ripe fruit with minimal effort.

The yield in the open field ranges from 289 to 543 c / ha, which is very good. Greenhouse yield is up to 9.5 kg / m2.

Virtues

  • unpretentiousness
  • early maturity
  • ease of growing,
  • relatively high yield.

disadvantages

There are a lot of reviews about tomato "Siberian early" - it is grown in the most different regions of Russia and Belarus. Almost all gardeners lovers say that the plants give a good harvest in any year and do not require complex care. True, many do not like the taste of the fruit - they are too sour when consumed entirely and watery in salads. However, it is too early to discard this old variety - in regions with short or cold summer it is indispensable.

Description of the variety Siberian early, reviews, photos

This is an early, productive, short, determinant variety of tomato. It is recommended for cultivation in an open ground and film shelters. For unpretentiousness and cold resistance this variety is very valuable in the Urals and Siberia.

Medium leaf bush, 0.4-0.5 meters in height, not requiring staking. Garter to the support is desirable, otherwise the bush may fall under the weight of the fruit. The leaf of this tomato is medium in size, green and dark green. The inflorescence is simple, less intermediate type, compact. The first inflorescence is laid over 6-8 leaves, the next - every 1-2 sheets.

The variety of tomato Siberian early ripening is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for cultivation in open ground.

Fruit Characteristic


The fruits are flat-rounded, in the stage of maturity of red color, weighing 100-120 grams, of tomato taste with sourness. These tomatoes are suitable for use in fresh salads and juices. Due to the thin skin that breaks during heat treatment, they are not suitable for whole-canning.

Grade Siberian advantages early: unpretentiousness to growing conditions, stable yield, long period of fruiting. The variety is resistant to brown spot and TMV.

The minus of this tomato - the fruit is absolutely not deadly.

Yield: up to 7 kg of fruits from 1 square. meters of planting in open ground, up to 9.5 kg / sq. m in the greenhouse (in the presence of watering and feeding).

Tomatoes Siberian early video

If you grew Siberian tomatoes early, write you liked them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How do you rate the resistance of this variety to diseases and pests? If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!

Your feedback on tomato Siberian early maturity and additions to the description will help many gardeners evaluate this variety and decide whether to plant it or not.

How to plant and care

Tip! It is best to treat the seed with a solution of potassium permanganate. To do this, the seeds are placed in an aqueous solution of manganese for 30 minutes, then washed and dried.

Depending on the region, the seedlings of tomato "Siberian early", planted in March and April. Before planting seeds, they must be treated with special solutions to destroy any fungi and bacteria, since This variety is moderately resistant to some diseases.

After processing, seeds are treated with solutions "Ambiol" or "Epin", which help to increase the yield of tomato.

Seeds are planted first in the ground, or immediately in special pots. The second option is much more convenient, because in them you can immediately plant seedlings in the ground.

The seed is covered with foil and after 10 days the first shoots will appear. Before transplantation into the ground, tomato sprouts will need only timely watering and sun. Before transplanting seedlings begin to harden. To do this, it is carried to an open space where there is a draft.

Tomatoes can be transplanted in two ways:

  1. In the open ground. Tomatoes are transplanted approximately at the age of 50-65 days, in May or June, in order to completely eliminate the threat of frost. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other, and between rows of 30-50 cm. Before planting, fertilizers are placed in the wells for seedlings, then they transfer the plants, tamp the ground and water.
    Tomatoes better planted on three stalks.
  2. In the closed ground. Seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse in early April, after they have been processed and hardened. In greenhouse conditions, the length of the stem of tomatoes reaches up to 90 cm, so all the bushes need to be tied to a support.

Tip! The best fertilizer for tomato Siberian early maturity will be mullein and chicken manure. Fertilizing should be done 2-3 times per season, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers.

Reviews of summer residents

  1. “I love this sort of tomato, it tastes like a child. I like to close juice from them for the winter. ”Elena is 49 years old. G.Voronezh
  2. “Tomatoes are not whimsical, do not require special care. The taste is 4, for me sour and not very appealing. But they sip very quickly. ”Konstantin is 55 years old. Chita
  3. “In Siberia, and I live in Novosibirsk, these are ideal tomatoes. Variety, as they say the old, time-tested, growing it for the past 20 years. The fruits are very juicy, I love salad from them. ”Nina is 65 years old.
  4. “Honestly, when I planted this variety, I did not expect anything good. I thought he was old, and many complained about the sour taste, but I was pleasantly surprised. For me, they are so much tastier than the store ones, not large ones, very juicy, but which juice is obtained. ”Olga, 50, Tomsk
  5. “I can’t call this variety early, for me it’s 110 days so long.” Anna 41 years old, Kazan
  6. “As a resident of Siberia, I can praise this variety with confidence. Already in July, I can savor these wonderful vegetables, drink fresh tomato juice and eat delicious salads. ”Dmitry, 63, Barnaul

Thus, despite the fact that this sort of tomato is considered obsolete, many people continue to grow these tomatoes in their plots, especially those who live in the Siberian part of Russia.

Among the variety of tomato varieties "Siberian early" is very popular

During the long years of its existence, the Siberian Early Growth tomato variety has been able to establish itself well enough among gardeners.

  • Breeding history
  • Tomato "Siberian early": characteristics and description of the variety

Advantages and disadvantages Description of the fetus Productivity

  • Care and cultivation
  • Diseases and pests
  • Conclusion
  • A photo
  • This tomato variety was bred by a vegetable-potato selection plant selection plant located in the Russian Federation. He received zoning in 1959.

    The variety of tomato Siberian early ripening was invented by crossing the varieties of the Hybrid 114 with the Hybrid 534/1, after which an individual selection was carried out.

    Tomato "Siberian early": characteristics and description of the variety

    By type of growth of the bush, this species belongs to the determinant varieties of tomatoes. The height of its bushes can be from thirty to ninety four centimeters.

    The stem is characterized by strong foliage. The leaves are medium in size and green or dark green in color. Stamb does not form.

    “Siberian early ripening” is usually referred to as early ripe varieties, since it takes from one hundred and fifteen to one hundred and thirty days from the appearance of the first shoots to ripening.

    It is resistant to brown spot and tobacco mosaic virus, and to other diseases, it shows moderate resistance.

    Tomatoes of this variety can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    The main advantages of tomato varieties Siberian early can be called:

    • Good yields
    • Cold resistance
    • Universality of fruits used,
    • Unpretentiousness
    • Long period of fruiting,
    • Resistance to certain diseases.

    Vegetable growers call the disadvantages of the Siberian Early Matters:

    • Moral obsolescence
    • Inability to compete with modern hybrid varieties in many ways

    As you can see, these shortcomings are very subjective.

    Description of the fetus

    IMPORTANT: You can store the collected tomatoes in boxes, placing them in dense rows so that their stalks are located on top. Tomatoes selected for storage should not be wet! The box must be closed with a light pressure cover. In such conditions, fruits can be stored for up to two months.

    By the way of the use this type of tomatoes is considered universal. It is used in its raw form, and also used to make juices, mashed potatoes, pastes and sauces. These tomatoes are suitable for salting.

    Yield

    When grown in greenhouse conditions, each bush of this variety is usually harvested from one to one and a half kilograms of fruits, and the average yield is nine to ten kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.

    When grown in the open ground, from five to five hundred grams of fruits are harvested from one bush, and from six to seven kilograms of fruits from one square meter of planting.

    Conclusion

    Despite certain shortcomings, the Siberian early tomato is still one of the most popular varieties.

    Next, you will see photos of a variety of tomato "Siberian early":

    Gardeners reviews

    Quality assessments of tomato Siberian are most often positive, but many speak of it and are neutral. But the entire negative opinions, almost, is not found.

    Among the good properties of this variety are cold resistance, good yield, the ability to eat tomatoes in the early stages. Judging by the reviews of vegetable growers, practitioners, he feels great, even in rainy cool summer weather.

    Positive emotions cause fast survival of the seedlings, as well as fleshy, dense fruits with a sweet taste. Some pay attention to minimum maintenance costs during cultivation. In particular, the variety does not require mandatory for most types of tomatoes, pasynkovanie, the use of pesticides.

    For many, one of the arguments in favor of the “Siberian” is the suitability of preparing preparations for the winter. There is also the possibility of growing in many climatic zones, the tolerance of low temperatures. Many indicate that this variety of tomato is particularly suitable for those who do not have greenhouses.

    There is a certain regularity that gardeners from Siberia, the Urals and the Moscow region call it a reliable and proven variety for years.

    Proponents of the same new varieties often consider it a selection of the last century, not only for the time of breeding. They consider it uncompetitive compared with the constantly updated range of hybrids. It affects the ability to use varieties that are able to withstand all diseases (although such species, it seems, in nature does not happen). Pay attention to the poor quality of seeds sold.

    Each grower has its own requirements for plants. And, as is well known, “the point of view depends on the seat”, i.e. the residence. Here, much depends on the acceptability of the variety to one or another climatic conditions, the properties of the existing soil, and simply the tendency to experiment or follow the beaten path.

    Characteristic variety

    Tomato Siberian early ripening belongs to the determinant type, the height of the bush is from 30 to 90 cm (on average 60 cm). From the moment of appearance of the first shoots to the ripening of tomatoes, it takes from 115 to 130 days. High yields are provided by the formation of tomato bushes Siberian early ripening of two stems. Ripening of tomatoes occurs simultaneously from 5-12 available fruiting inflorescences.

    It is worth noting the resistance of tomatoes "Siberian early" to the virus of tobacco mosaic and brown spot.

    Unfortunately, for other diseases, the variety has a moderate immunity. However, the advantages include the possibility of growing in greenhouse conditions and in open ground.

    Landing pattern

    Approximately 14 days before planting seedlings in open ground, it must begin to harden. Containers are placed in the shade on the street. At night, tomatoes clean the room warm. Subsequently, the seedlings are left in the penumbra, gradually accustomed to open sunlight.

    Important! Immediately make seedlings in the sun, especially at lunchtime, you can not! The appearance of white spots on the leaves indicates sunburn, such a plant should immediately return to the shade!

    3-4 days before planting the seedlings should be left on the street, provided that the temperature is not lower than 12 degrees.

    When to sow tomatoes "Siberian early"?

    Landing in the ground is carried out strictly in 55-60 days after the appearance of sprouts, when there will be 7-9 leaves on the trunk. After heavy watering tomatoes can not touch 7-10 days. When plants adapt, they can be fed and weeded from weeds, spud. You can mulch with dried grass, peat, etc., the layer should be at least 5 cm.

    Do I need to pinch tomatoes Siberian early?

    Tomatoes “Siberian early ripening” must always be beighed every 4 days, leaving 1 cm peneses, and also tie up the bushes, cut the leaves, but only before the first brush. 30 days before picking the tomatoes from the tops, pinch the tip so that the fruits are larger and fatter.

    Tips for pest and disease control

    The most reliable information about the characteristics of tomato varieties Siberian early maturity are the reviews of gardeners. They claim that the plant is rarely sick, but still have to face some problems:

    1. Late blight. In this case, fungicides or salt solution solution (10%) will come to the rescue.
    2. Gray rot. For the treatment of this disease, fungicides and triazole preparations are selected.
    3. Alternaria and fusarium. Fungicide treatment is indicated.

    To control pests using insecticides. For early tomato, the danger is medvedka, aphid, whitefly (especially in the greenhouse), wireworm and nematode.

    Reviews of farmers who grow tomatoes varieties Siberian early and photos of plants:

    Sergey Vasiliev, Novosibirsk For several years I have been growing a variety on my plot. I am pleased with his reliability and good harvest. Fruits of good taste, strong, do not crack. Very well suited for salting. By all measures, tomatoes suit the whole family, so I do not consider the variety to be morally obsolete. Elena Pahaneeva, Saratov I like the variety, I grow seedlings myself. The cold-resistance of a tomato helps a lot, it's cool in our region. Therefore, to obtain a crop in such conditions is possible only with a reliable variety. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, in salting they are very strong.

    The only drawback is that the Siberian early maturity can suffer from brown spot and late blight. But, in advance, I take preventive measures and have little losses.

    To consolidate the material, see the useful video on the topic:

    Watch the video: How to Prune Tomato Plants and Other Tomato Tips. Roots and Refuge Farm (October 2019).

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