Garden

Cabbage storage on the balcony in winter

At first glance, it is easy to keep cabbage in winter, but this vegetable contains a lot of moisture and is quite capricious. Succulent leaves may rot, mold or dry. In order to eat fresh vegetables from own stocks all winter, you need to know the rules for their storage.

Let's start with the choice of heads. Not every cabbage is suitable for storage. For the winter, only middle-late and late varieties with increased keeping quality are laid. Such cabbage is removed from the fields in October, its heads are dense, elastic, medium and small in size, very weighty.

Important: loose heads can not be stored.

The cabbies last longer when temperature from 0 to +5 ° C. In industrial vegetable stores maintained ideal for storing cabbage in winter temperature - from 0 to +2 ° C.

At temperatures from −0.8 to −1.1 ° С, cabbages freeze. However, cabbage is the only vegetable that can restore organoleptic properties after frost penetration. Once frozen heads, having thawed, keep elasticity, color and taste. The inner white leaves remain edible after freezing to −4 ° C, the outer green leaves withstand a decrease to −5 ... −7 ° C.

Tip: since the thawed cabbage becomes unsuitable for further storage, it needs to be quickly processed or eaten.

The second mandatory parameter for storing cabbage - air humidity. The drier the room, the faster the cabbages lose moisture, which is why their quality decreases. The optimum humidity during storage of cabbage is 90-98%.

At observance of the necessary temperature and humidity, late-ripened cabbage can be stored for up to 4 months, and especially long-term varieties (Kharkiv winter, Wintering) - up to 8 months.

Storage in the cellar

The easiest way to store cabbage in the cellar. Under the ground, a naturally occurring optimum temperature and humidity level for storage is stored. Vegetables in the cellar continue to "breathe", emit moisture, so the building is airing at least once a month, not allowing mold or fungus to appear on the walls.

Cabbage in the cellar can be placed in several ways:

  • in trellised boxes - cabbies are laid in one layer, containers (without closing the lids) are placed on a low stand,
  • on the shelves - cabbage is placed upside down by stumps, making sure that the heads of the cabbage do not touch each other,
  • in the sand - on cabbage they leave long stalks, which are stuck in sand, filled in boxes or buckets,
  • in stacks - the cabbage is placed in the bins with stalks upward so that the vegetables that are in the same horizontal row do not touch each other,
  • suspended (the traditional way of storing cabbage), cabbages are fixed on the screws screwed into the ends of the shelves, tying the scamp with a cord.

With any method of placing the cabbage will be better stored if you wrap it with a material that reduces evaporation from the leaves. As a wrapper, you can use paper or cling film.

It is not recommended to wrap vegetables in old newspapers, as printed matter contains unhealthy printing ink. Normal white or kraft paper will do. Recently, the hostess kept cabbage in food polyethylene. The film is wrapped around the head in three layers, after removing all loosely fitting leaves.

Balcony heating methods

You can heat in different ways:

  • oil electric heaters,
  • infrared heaters,
  • convector electric heaters,
  • access to the balcony central heating (requires special permission).

Warm floor

For the safety of vegetables on the balcony is most suitable electric heating system "warm floor" (shielded cable and fiberglass mesh). This device is equipped with a standard thermostat that will maintain the optimum temperature. Given the low storage temperature, power consumption will be low.

The permissible temperature range for storing cabbage ranges from 0 to + 5C. When freezing and subsequent thawing, cabbage heads lose their taste and rot quickly. When the temperature is above the permissible level on the surface of the leaves, bacteria and mold develop, the shelf life decreases!

Flexible thermal container

Without a heating device on the balcony, it is possible to save vegetables in a small amount with the help of commercially available flexible thermal containers. The capacity of the equipment reaches 300 liters. The advantage of a flexible thermal container is that the soft and plastic walls reduce the load from the pressure of the fruits on each other. This is especially important when storing cabbage. Another advantage is the compact size of the container in a collapsed form.

Thermo-cabinet balcony

Currently on sale are balcony heating cabinets. Their advantages:

  • rugged case
  • aesthetic appearance
  • safe electrical equipment for heating.

The disadvantages of this system include large external dimensions, with a modest internal capacity.

Options how to save a lot of cabbage. But summing up, it should be recognized that a securely insulated and heated balcony is the best way to preserve vegetables and fruits in winter!

Possible storage methods

A place to store cabbage on the balcony is equipped on the basis of the convenience of extracting the fruit and the possibility of sorting, which during winter storage is necessary to remove rotten leaves from cabbage heads.

A deep rack, which is made to the entire height of the floor, will help to cope with the problem of how to store cabbage in the winter on the balcony. The distance between the shelves should be done so as to lay cabbage heads in two rows. The recommended depth of the rack is not more than 80 cm. Otherwise, it will be difficult to remove the fruit from the cabinet. Arranging a rack with lockable doors, you need to take care of ventilation. Air inlets are made at the bottom of the cabinet. Exhaust holes at the top.

One of the best ways to store is hanging by the stalk. In this case, the fetus is not under pressure and is well ventilated. To do this, you have to arrange a few hooks in the ceiling or crossbar. The disadvantage of this method is that so only a small crop can be saved. When planning storage in this way, care must be taken to ensure that when harvesting cabbage from heads of cabbage a long stalk remains.

Varieties of cabbage for winter storage

Having spent a lot of manpower and resources for the device storage, it is important not to be mistaken with the choice of varieties.

Early ripening varieties are not suitable for winter storage. For this purpose, use the middle and late varieties, such as:

  • present,
  • Moscow late,
  • marathon,
  • snowstorm,
  • fruitful,
  • Snow White,
  • extra

Cauliflower and broccoli are not suitable for storage in the winter on the balcony. It is very convenient to store sauerkraut on the balcony. For this fit stainless or plastic container. The scoop for extracting sauerkraut must be clean!

Cabbage collection and storage preparation

When collecting late varieties, it is necessary to take into account the fact that uncut cabbage is resistant to frost down to -5 ... -7 ° C, but if it is cut, the head can deteriorate. leaves, and only then cut the cabbages from the roots.

Features of the harvest

When harvesting, try not to damage the cabbages, it is better to unscrew them than to cut them. In this case, the long stalk, which is useful for hanging, will remain. Details of the proper harvesting of cabbage, see this video:

Sort the cabbage. Heads with damaged, corroded by insects, with traces of decay for long-term storage can not be used. Pick clean, dense cabbies.

Before preparing for storage, cabbage must be dry for at least 3 days!

Storage preparation

Selected heads are cleaned from the upper leaves. No need to remove them in large quantities. The upper leaves during storage perform a protective role. Before laying cabbage at the place of storage, you need to wrap each head of cabbage with paper or plastic wrap. This contributes to better preservation of the crop. Bookmark for preservation is usually carried out in October. A month after the bookmark, each head should be inspected to remove rotted leaves. Further, this procedure is repeated at least once a month. With proper storage, late varieties of cabbage will remain fresh and will not lose their qualities for up to eight months. See how to save cabbage until spring, in this video:

Cabbage is especially valuable at the end of winter. This product longer than other vegetables and fruits retains its beneficial properties and is a rich source of vitamins. Therefore, proper storage of cabbage will help support the body during the spring vitamin famine.

How to store cabbage correctly | Store fresh cabbage for the winter in the cellar, refrigerator, at home

| Store fresh cabbage for the winter in the cellar, refrigerator, at home

How to store cabbage is not only summer residents who are asking this question, because all people tend to stock up for the winter with certain types of vegetables. Firstly, it is expensive to buy them in the winter, and secondly, the quality of such products leaves much to be desired, because sellers usually do not worry too much about their storage conditions.

Cabbage is just one of such vegetables that are suitable for long-term storage; it is only important to place it in favorable conditions. Knowing how to properly store cabbage is no less important than other vegetables, because it is a real storehouse of nutrients and vitamins.

And it depends on where to store the cabbage and how to do it correctly, how much useful substances will remain in it.

How to store cabbage

The optimum storage temperature for cabbage is considered to be the range from 0 to 5 ° С; however, for white cabbage, temperatures up to minus 0.8 ° C are allowed. Lowering the temperature below minus 0.8 ° C can lead to freezing of the leaves.

Many use old proven methods for storing cabbage in the winter correctly. For example, some tie their heads together with a string and hang them up, but for this it is necessary to leave the stalks longer. Others in the winter preserve fresh cabbage with clay.

Before storing the cabbage in this way, it should be cleaned from the covering green leaves and, stepping back a couple of centimeters, should be tied to a twine stalk. Next, the cabbages are hung from a beam or crossbar, covering them with a completely thick layer of thick clay.

What is the secret of this method to keep fresh cabbage? Everything is very simple, the fact is that the clay forms a kind of protective layer that protects the cabbage from rotting, wilting, parasites, diseases, fungus and other undesirable processes of spoiling vegetables.

When the clay on the hanging cabbages of fresh cabbage dries well, you can move them to the cellar, where it can successfully be preserved in winter until the very spring. By the way, this method of storing cabbage does not involve the regular removal of rotten upper leaves.

Those who need to save a large amount of cabbage in the winter can snow it. To do this, the heads of fresh cabbage are placed on snow and poured with layers of snow 15–20 cm thick. The topmost layer of snow must be no thinner than 40 cm, and the snowdrift formed on top is covered with mats, straw or reed to protect it from melting.

As a rule, this way of storing fresh cabbage is acceptable in regions where a cold climate prevails. But in the southern regions fresh cabbage is often stored in the ground. The heads of cabbages are placed upwards in a special ditch, which then I fall asleep with a layer of earth no more than 10 cm, only in case of significant cooling, increasing it to 30 cm.

Before you store the cabbage, you should carefully sort it, leaving only those heads that are suitable for long-term storage. Cabbage with a rotted stump, too small and damaged by pests, will not be able to survive for long. You should not even try to learn how to store cabbage for the winter, if it is slightly spoiled, it is much more profitable to go the other way - to ferment it.

So, cabbage cabbages suitable for storage are laid out in one layer from a dry place and left for 12 to 20 hours, this will allow the heads to dry well and subsequently stored longer.

After that, the stalks should be trimmed, and this, in fact, preparatory work ends. Those who know how to store cabbage in the winter select for this purpose mainly heads with green covering leaves.

It is also necessary to make sure that the whole head does not get into the head, which is too saturated with moisture - it can ruin the entire stock.

Store fresh cabbage is right in the cellar, but, unfortunately, not every person has such an opportunity, so many people are interested not only in how to store cabbage in the cellar, but also how to store cabbage in an apartment.

How to store cabbage in the cellar

It is difficult to argue with the fact that it is best to store fresh cabbage in the cellar, as well as all fresh vegetables. The optimum temperature for cabbage storage is from 1 degree Celsius below zero to two degrees heat with an air humidity of about 90 - 98%. Such conditions should be in the cellar, if it is planned to store fresh cabbage there in winter.

It is undesirable to leave the cabbages on the ground, the likelihood of damp on it is too high, which will provoke the process of decay. The best way to store cabbage involves providing full access to oxygen and finding it on a wooden floor or special flooring.

Ideally, the wooden surface on which the cabbage will be stored should be washed with soda and covered with burdock or fern leaves, which help to preserve the freshness of the cabbage leaves and prevent their rotting.

It is possible to prevent the moisture of the wooden surface due to a layer of straw, and air circulation will be ensured if cabbage is laid out in a staggered manner in two or three rows. Those who still do not know how to store cabbage, you should remember that you need to spread it with stalks up to prevent rotting of stalks and upper leaves.

How to store cabbage in the fridge

Many have to store vegetables in the apartment, and, alas, there is no more suitable place than a refrigerator for this. This is perfectly acceptable, but you need to know how to store the cabbage in the refrigerator so that it lays as long as possible. Having selected the fruits suitable for storage, it is enough to wrap them with food film in 2 - 3 layers and place them in the so-called “zone of freshness”.

The storage of fresh cabbage in an apartment is considered correct if it is located in a dry and well ventilated place with a suitable air temperature. This place can be a balcony. Cabbage can be folded into a fabric bag or wooden box, sprinkled with sand. You can also use the old proven way to properly store fresh vegetables - wrap each fruit with paper.

Other site materials

Choice and preparation of heads

Before taking up the storage of cabbage at home, you need to prepare it. Medium sized forks, tight, rounded, slightly flattened, are best kept.

If they are on sale in the deep fall, therefore, they are late-growing varieties intended for long-term storage. But here there is a catch. Loose specimens (even from late hybrids) are not suitable for storage.

Early and mid-season varieties are not suitable either. Their savings period is limited to a maximum of three months.

But not only the variety plays a role in the storage duration of fresh vegetables. Before harvesting each fork must be carefully examined.

If cracks, damage from pests are found, they should be put aside and consumed as soon as possible. Be sure to cut off the remnants of the stem. The stronger, the better.

After all, during long-term storage, cabbage begins to grow - forms small coaches or starts up flower stalks.

Also remove the cover leaves, leaving no more than a couple of leaves on the head. It must be remembered that these green leaves protect the forks from damage. Therefore, there is no need to clean the cabbage until white. You should get a smooth and beautiful cabbages with several covering leaves.

Also forks must be washed in running cool water. Water must be supplied under pressure to wash out insects that have been stuck and the remains of earth or sand. Best suited for these purposes shower. Then wipe the cabbages with a cloth, you can use a towel so that there is no moisture left. This is the basis of how to save cabbage for the winter.

In the first place is a refrigerator

For residents of modern urban neighborhoods, the most convenient and affordable place for long-term storage of cabbage are refrigerators. Putting the fork in the vegetable compartment, you can be sure that within 3 months they will not spoil. However, over time, the vegetable will become sluggish, lose its appeal. But if you periodically remove dried leaves, you can increase the shelf life.

True, forks each time will be reduced in size. However, if there is no way out, you can keep the cabbage for the winter in the refrigerator. With this storage, heads of cabbage will not lose all their useful properties. The set of minerals, vitamins, nutrients will remain.

But you can increase the term savings, if each forks to wrap a protective cling film.

Believe me, the whole arsenal of nutrients, beautiful appearance - absolutely everything will remain, at least 2 times longer.

The most important thing is that the vegetable will not cease to be crunchy, as if it had just been removed from the garden bed. This is easy to achieve if properly prepared before storing cabbage at home.

By the way, Peking and Chinese cabbage only in the refrigerator and stored. Not bad "lives" in it and karsnokochanka with Savoy. Another thing with cauliflower, kohlrabi, Brussels and Romanesco. It is not recommended to keep these types of cabbage for a long time in the refrigerator, it becomes blackened.

Balcony as storage for vegetables

The main disadvantage of storing vegetables in the fridge is little space. Even the most capacious can enter no more than ten heads. In addition, there are other products that are placed in vegetable chambers. Salvation can be a loggia or a balcony, if they are glazed and sufficiently insulated.

Storing cabbage on the balcony is a great option. Better place in the apartment and not find it. Usually, a lockable cabinet with shelves is installed for these purposes.

The cabbages are wrapped in paper or cling film and placed in one row so that there is a small space between the forks. Newspapers cannot be used because they contain paint saturated with harmful substances.

Another rule is that cabbage should not be stored on the balcony in winter if the air temperature on the balcony drops to minus values.

Every month you need to check the vegetables and remove the forks with signs of decay. In the spring, such a check should be carried out weekly, and more often. Beijing, as well as Romanesco and broccoli can not be stored on the balcony. This cabbage here will quickly become unusable due to temperature drops.

And maybe all the storeroom?

If the apartment has a small pantry, you can equip it cabbage storage. Only the closet should not be in the kitchen. It is better if it is in the corridor, closer to the front door. The ideal location for the pantry will be the staircase.

For storing a larder fork with a well-trimmed stalk, it is carefully covered with cling film, and, necessarily, in several layers. When wrapping you need to push the film into the head to remove excess air.

When inspecting heads, and this should be done at least once every 10 days, remove the rotted leaves and rewind the forks again with a film. This is the simplest method for storing cabbage in an apartment.

Here are just in modern residential high-rise such storage rooms are not provided.

How much cabbage can be stored in the apartment?

White cabbage forks, not prepared for long-term storage, that is, not wrapped in a paper bag or not wrapped with cling film, can be stored at room temperature for no more than seven days. Storing cabbage on the balcony while observing all the above recommendations will provide an opportunity to eat fresh produce until June.

The cabbage in the film can survive for five months. When frozen, it stays fresh for about 10 months. The safety of dried vegetables is a year. In a dry ventilated pantry, the shelf life of cabbage wrapped in cling film lasts for several months.

The main thing is to keep the cabbage for the winter in the apartment, you need to learn that this is possible at a constant temperature from minus 1 degree to plus 5 degrees Celsius.

Humidity at low temperature can reach 95 percent, at high - 80 percent.

Of course, such values ​​are almost impossible to achieve (the refrigerator is not considered), and therefore it is better not to keep white cabbage for a long time.

Other types of cabbage and in the refrigerator may not last long. For example, the shelf life of broccoli, colored and Beijing is only a couple of weeks. Kohlrabi, however, a little longer - 30 days.

Useful tips

  • When preparing small heads for storage, it is recommended that each fork be kept in salt water for about a quarter of an hour. Then head out dried with a towel. This saves insects from the product and completely disinfects it.
  • Requires regular inspection of vegetables. If it is found that the leaves begin to lose their color and darken, it is urgent to free the forks from paper or film. Carefully cutting off the rotted leaves, wrap the cabbage again.
  • If you see that cabbage loses its appearance, it is better to ferment it or prepare some kind of preservation.

Storage options

It is possible to keep white cabbage at home fresh, just in the heads, providing plants with certain conditions. This method is available to residents of private houses and city apartments.

Find out, how to store other types of cabbage in the winter at home: cauliflower, peking, kohlrabi, broccoli.

Also, cabbage can be processed. Some recipes allow you to use vegetables for 2-3 weeks, others - 1-2 years. The most common ways to store cabbage:

  • salting or pickling,
  • pickling,
  • frost
  • drying.

How to store cabbage at home to choose you, but first find out which varieties are suitable for this, how and when to harvest.

Varieties and their purpose

All varieties of white cabbage are divided into early, medium and late.

  • Vegetables of early varieties ripen quickly. You can clean them from mid-June, but they will not lie for long. Fresh in the cellar or refrigerator, they are stored for up to 1 month.
  • Mid-season varieties begin to cut in July or August. Most of them will not last long. They are intended for fresh consumption and with rare exceptions (Zosia variety) - for a short-term content of 2-2.5 weeks.
  • For fresh storage in winter, choose medium late and late ripe varieties. They are able to lie for 6-8 months, that is, until the appearance of a new crop of early vegetables.

The best varieties of cabbage for storage are shown in the table:

Council of the day

Cabbage - strongly zoned culture. Before choosing a variety or hybrid for planting, ask if it is recommended specifically for your region.

Harvest

Late varieties of cabbage have a long growing season. There is danger in it. If you do not have time to harvest crops from the garden until the frost is -5 ° C, then the frozen vegetable will not be stored.

But hurry with this procedure is not worth it. Heads must be fully formed and mature. The Pokrov holiday (October 14) is the time when you need to remove cabbage from the garden.

Shoot late white in dry sunny days when the air temperature does not rise above 5-7 ° С.

  1. Ready to harvest the heads with a knife or an hatchet, carefully separate them from the stalk, leaving 5 cm. Or, pull the plants to the roots. Try not to damage the wax coating that protects them from premature spoilage.
  2. Cut or pull the heads into bags, baskets or boxes and carry them out of the garden. If you plan to store cabbage for a long time, it is better not to tear off the upper leaves - gradually they will move away.
  3. When the crop is harvested, carefully inspect each head. Healthy, dense, reached weight of 2 kg and above cabbages are suitable for storage in winter. Small copies are best used for canning.
  4. Heads should be free from mechanical damage, cracks and pests. Heads that were cut too high or unsuccessfully, set aside for processing and use first. Select instances of the same immediately put in storage.

We answer the question: when to buy cabbage for storage in winter?

For storage it is better to grow it yourself. So you will be confident in the product. But if there is no such possibility, it is necessary to purchase a vegetable for the winter during the period of the massive harvest of late ripening varieties, that is, not before the end of September.

Fresh storage

Save fresh cabbage until spring is simple. On the scale of personal farming or giving, the harvest does not exceed 100–200 kg, therefore, it will be a question of saving just such a volume of production.

To the vegetables safely overwinter, follow these rules:

  1. Provide heading temperature range from 0 to 1 ° C.
  2. Maintain a storage humidity of 90-95%.
  3. Equip the room with good ventilation or air it.
  4. Keep varieties with different deadlines for storage.
  5. Periodically revise bookmarks and delete damaged copies in time.

When the storage mode is created incorrectly, the plant either fades quickly or rots as well.

We answer the question: Is it possible to store cabbage at minus temperature?

Not recommended. At temperatures below 0 ° C, the vegetable loses its taste, freezes and, as a result, begins to rot.

In a private house, the easiest way is to keep cabbage in the cellar. If it is not there, a warmed barn and a garage will do; you can also keep it in a subfield. But these options are not without flaws. It is difficult to maintain temperature and humidity there.

In the cellar and apartment

Here are 3 ways to store cabbage in the cellar:

  1. If there are some heads with roots, hang them down with the heads under the ceiling of the vault. Plants should not touch each other. To secure the vegetables, use slats, ropes or hooks.
  2. Store larger volumes in mini-containers. Fit large rack boxes or bulk plastic containers. Place the vegetables a few pieces in each and send to the storage.
  3. Great harvest keep on pallets. Fold the heads of cabbages, leaving gaps between them for ventilation. Overlap the rows with polyethylene, so the vegetable that started to rot does not infect the neighboring ones.

In an apartment, maintaining ideal conditions is much more difficult. At room temperature, heads of cabbies do not stay for a week, and the smell from them will be felt. It remains to store the cabbage on the balcony, if it is glazed and insulated.

You can place vegetables on racks or keep them in boxes. To keep the heads of cabbage for a long time, tightly wrap them with cling film, leaving no air bubbles.

See in a short video how to store cabbage in garbage bags:

We answer the question: How to store red cabbage?

Red can be stored fresh as well as white. The principles are the same. Other red varieties are stored even longer than whites.

In a refrigerator

Fresh cabbage is best kept whole head in the lower compartment of the refrigerator or in the freshness zone. It has specially created the best conditions for vegetables, fruits and berries: the temperature is about 0 ° C and the optimum humidity.

To store vegetables for storage:

  1. Take strong healthy heads of cabbage. It is not necessary to remove the upper leaves, when a rotten microflora appears, they will take the first blow upon themselves, and you will have time to notice it.
  2. Put each head in a plastic bag or wrap it tightly in plastic wrap to prevent condensation.
  3. Put the vegetables in the fridge.

With this method of storage, the heads will remain fresh for 1-2 months, and the maturation varieties will be up to 6 months.

Similarly, you can do with unused halves and quarter forks. Wrap them in the package and put them in the fridge.

Vegetables in cut form are stored no worse than whole cabbages - up to 3 months. However, the cut point dries out, so before using the dried areas will need to be cut.

Canned storage

Preservation is convenient, tasty and healthy. Its main ingredient will be substandard specimens of plants. The easiest way to make harvest cabbage for the winter in banks. They can be stored in the apartment, and in the house. Suitable cellar or refrigerator.

Selected for processing fresh cabbage should be prepared in advance - remove the top dry cover leaves, remove the stalk and cut out the damaged areas.

Do you know that…

Salting varieties have thick, fleshy leaves. They have a lot of juice and little veins. That they need to choose for conservation. Dry and low-grade long-term storage varieties are not suitable for blanks.

Classics of the genre is sauerkraut. It is the easiest to cook. You will need the following ingredients:

Chop the cabbage, fold it into the bowl. Add salt and mix. To cabbage turned out crispy, knead it is not necessary. Leave the slice for 0.5 hours to make the juice. Add grated carrots and mix again. Then put everything in a 3-liter jar tightly and put them in a warm place. Periodically pierce the contents of the stick, reaching to the bottom to remove carbon dioxide, otherwise the cabbage will be bitter.

After 2-3 days, transfer the jars to the refrigerator to continue the cold fermentation, and after another 2-3 days the dish will be ready. Keep it in a cool dark place.

Pickling

Very tasty is pickled pickled cabbage. Loose, unformed heads of cabbage are ideal for its preparation. See the recipe in the video:

Do you know that…

Sauerkraut is a unique product. She does not lose vitamin C for a long time. And it does not deteriorate due to lactic acid, which appears in the process of fermentation and blocks the development of harmful bacteria.

Practical freezing

Freezing vegetables is not a difficult product saving technology. In this way, you can harvest greens, some vegetables and fruits for the winter. But is it possible to freeze cabbage in the freezer? Yes, as semi-finished products for cooking first and second courses.

The easiest way to cook cabbage cutting:

  1. Take fresh taut cabbages, remove the cover leaves, cut the stalk.
  2. Rinse the head under running water and allow it to dry.
  3. Cut the vegetable into fine straws.
  4. Put prepared sliced ​​into plastic containers or plastic bags.
  5. Put the workpiece in the fridge freezer.

Cabbage is stored in the freezer longer than in the vegetable compartment - from 6 months. up to 1 year. You can use it immediately, wait until the product thaws is not necessary.

Cabbage can also be frozen with individual leaves. Such blanks are suitable for cooking cabbage. To do this, use summer varieties or loose loose heads of late ripening.

  1. In whole cabbage, remove the top leaves and remove the stalk.
  2. Wash and dry the vegetable.
  3. Carefully disassemble the cabbages on separate leaves.
  4. Fold the blank into packets in batches.
  5. Put the cabbage leaves in the freezer.

Frozen cabbage must be thawed before cooking. To do this, put it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator. When it softens, the dish can be cooked.

A big plus in favor of freezing cabbage for cabbage rolls - do not boil the vegetable beforehand. Leaves after defrosting soft enough

Hostess note

Not all varieties behave "steadfastly." Some after defrosting crawl, and roll the cabbage will not work. If you do not know how the cabbage will behave, then immediately wrap the cabbage rolls and freeze them.

Economical drying

To the cabbage does not take place in the refrigerator, it can be dried. Head cabbies, which are not suitable for fresh saving. Late varieties are preferable - they contain a minimum of moisture and a lot of dry matter, because the billet will get better quality.

To quickly and properly dry the cabbage, use an electric dryer. But before starting the process, prepare a vegetable:

  1. Take the cabbages, clean them and wash them under running water.
  2. Let them dry completely.
  3. Cut the cabbages into 4 pieces.
  4. Take a shredder and rub on it the whole cabbage.
  5. Spread the cut mass on the trays of an electric dryer in an even layer.

Dry the shredded cabbage at a temperature no higher than 60-65 ° C for at least 12 hours. 6 hours after the start of preparation, mix the slices well and dry them further.

Put the finished chips in dry glass jars, tightly close them with lids. Or use plastic hermetically sealed containers. Dry cabbage without loss of quality will lie for about 2 years.

How to store such a blank? Put it in the fridge. Periodically take out containers and open them so that the contents are ventilated. Use for cooking first courses.

It is also allowed to store dry vegetables at room temperature, in a kitchen cupboard, table or in the pantry.

Council of the day

At the first suspicion of mold (the blanks are damp, there is a musty smell), get rid of the product. Mold fungi secrete mycotoxins, which remain in the product even after heat treatment.

Keeping cabbage at home is easy. Choose which method is right for you and use the product all year round.

Preparing a balcony for storage

Balcony must be glazed. In winter, on a balcony that is not glazed, the air temperature does not differ from the temperature outside. For glazing, use high-quality metal-plastic windows, which will be an excellent barrier to the penetration of cold winter air.

The balcony must be completely sealed, because in the winter there may be a need for additional heating. When the balcony leaks, cold air can easily displace heat and the vegetables will completely freeze.

On the balcony windows you can additionally hang opaque dense fabric as curtains.

Cabbage preparation for storage

Only vegetables that have not been damaged by pests and diseases can be stored on the balcony. In the latter case, it is possible to transfer pathogenic bacteria and fungi from an infected vegetable to healthy ones, and within a short time it is possible to lose the entire cabbage harvest. For long winter storage, only late-season cabbage varieties are used. These varieties have high levels of logs and, under favorable conditions, retain all the useful substances until spring. Before laying them on the balcony storage, it is necessary to slightly dry the upper leaves at room temperature for several days.

If the cabbage for storage is not too much, then it can be placed in a special cabinet. The cabinet is made of wood and has securely fixed horizontal shelves. The distance between the shelves should be about 40 cm.

Cabbage is placed on shelves in such a way that the heads of cabbages do not touch each other. This placement allows you to set the optimal storage mode of this vegetable. For greater efficiency of such storage each head can be wrapped in paper. Such a wrapper will keep the cabbage in perfect condition, but it should monitor the humidity of the air on the balcony. At high humidity, the paper may rot and cause damage to the head.

Hanging storage

Is it possible to keep cabbage suspended? Such storage of the vegetable will exclude its contact with various solid objects, as well as with each other, which will eliminate the likelihood of the transfer of pathogens. Preparation of cabbage for storage in a suspended state is different from the first storage option.

For hanging cabbage, it is necessary to harvest by removing the vegetable along with the root. In this case, it is possible to maintain an excellent basis for fastening the vegetable to a horizontal trellis. The balcony should also be prepared accordingly. The balcony should be tightly closed and the glass part securely closed with an opaque cloth.

To place the cabbage, you need to prepare several rows of trellis, which differ in height. The distance between the stretched ropes in the horizontal plane should be at least 0.5 meters, in the vertical - at least 0.8 meters. The weight of the late-ripened cabbage variety can exceed 5 kg, and together with the leaves and the stalk the weight of a single vegetable can reach 7 kg, therefore horizontal trellis should be made of sufficiently strong material that can withstand at least 100 kg of tear. The rope or steel wire used for this purpose must be securely fastened to the side wall of the balcony.

How to store cabbage in the winter: simple and reliable ways

White cabbage is a common crop grown on an industrial scale. It can be purchased in stores and markets all year round.

But if you set out to grow this vegetable yourself and stock up on them for the whole winter, it is better to learn how to properly harvest, store, make cabbage harvesting at home.

A few tips and simple recipes will be useful to every hostess.

Sand storage

How to save cabbage so that it does not lose its taste? For such storage, many gardeners put it in the sand.

Cabbage in the winter on the balcony in this way is stored extremely rarely, but if the amount of cabbage is small, then you can use a deep box, at the bottom of which are laid vegetables that are completely covered with dry sand. On top of the lower layer, if necessary, you can put another layer of cabbage, which, like in the lower layer, should be covered with sand. Cabbage with such storage is released from the bush and has a standard appearance.

Cabbage in clay glaze

The method of storing cabbage in clay “batter” has excellent preservation. Vegetable perfectly retains all the nutrients, does not rot and does not lose moisture. For this method of storage using vegetables that are separated from the bush, on which there are no signs of damage and disease.

For the solution takes two parts of clay and one part of water. Clay is diluted to the consistency of thick cream. The cabbage head is covered with a clay solution and then dried at room temperature for 2 days. When the mixture hardens, the cabbage can be placed on wooden shelves. It is not necessary to fully equip the room protected from sunlight. It is necessary to place the cabbage only in such a way that direct sunlight does not fall on it.

Keeping cabbage on the balcony is not at all difficult; you just need to choose one of the suggested methods described above. Which way is suitable, it is necessary to decide in each case individually. If there is a risk in the winter time lowering the air temperature on the balcony to minus 5 degrees, then for the winter on the balcony additional heating is arranged. The intensity of heating should not be great, at temperatures above + 1 degree the cabbage begins to germinate. This process will adversely affect the overall taste of the vegetable, in addition, the increased temperature of the air can lead to a significant desiccation of the head. The winter way of storing this vegetable on the balcony takes a lot less time than brewing the entire crop in large barrels.

When placing the cabbage on the balcony, be aware of the limitations of the maximum load on the balcony slab, which is 112 kg / m2. It is strictly forbidden to exceed this limit and overload the balconies, especially for buildings that were built before 1987.

On the balcony

This method is one of the most convenient, provided that the balcony:

Before you send a head of cabbage for storage on the balcony you need to:

  • to wrap in paper
  • wrap in cling film.

Forks should be positioned fairly freely and periodically check the safety of cabbage on the balcony. In winter - once a month, closer to spring - more often.

We have prepared a number of materials about these varieties of cabbage and their storage. Read all about storing kohlrabi, cabbage, savoy, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and broccoli.

We offer you a video on how to put cabbage in storage in paper and food film:

Other options

How to keep fresh cabbage for the winter in the apartment? Storing cabbage at home in the winter also includes:

Cabbage is stored not fresh, and is frozen in freezers or dried. These methods are unlikely to be suitable for the storage of a large crop, but for its part - completely. Popularity of these methods has recently increased, despite the loss of the original state of the vegetable.

To freeze the cabbage to chop or chop

Dried cabbage retains its properties

Freezing cabbage is not the best way storage, as it loses its appearance. But freezing - perfect storage at home broccoli, kohlrabi, brussels sprouts and cauliflower.

Optimal Modes

What are the conditions for storing cabbage at home? No tricks will help to save cabbage for the winter, if indoors temperature is not keptsuitable for this. The process of storing cabbage in the apartment constantly needs to be monitored.

At temperatures below 0 degrees cabbage frost freezes and lose taste. In addition, the frozen area immediately begins to rot. At a temperature of more than +5 degrees cabbage will begin to deteriorate due to the reproduction of microorganisms and rotting.

If the spoilage of cabbage is noticed at the very beginning, cabbage can be saved. Carefully remove the layer of leaves affected by rotting. or cut cabbage wrapped in plastic wrap and store further. However, it is worth remembering that she will not be fully laid out for the full term, therefore, use it first.

Storage time

Cabbage at home is not stored as long as in the cellar (basement, subfield). Most reliable the way is to store the cabbage in the refrigerator, wrapped in cling film, the most unreliable and careless at room temperature.

The main points of cabbage storage in an apartment:

  • at room temperature cabbage will last no more than a week,
  • on the balcony, under all conditions, cabbage can lie all winter and spring. Average shelf life - 4 months
  • in the refrigerator, without a food film, cabbage is stored for about a month, provided that the top leaves are removed when withering,
  • in the refrigerator, cabbage wrapped in cling film is stored for up to 5 months,
  • Kohlrabi in the refrigerator is stored for about a month
  • Chinese cabbage, broccoli - maximum 15 days,
  • frozen cabbage of any kind is stored for up to 10 months,
  • dried, in compliance with the rules of storage - up to 12 months.

If water droplets form between the head of cabbage and polyethylene, it is necessary to change the food film. Expand, throw out the film, and dry the cabbage and wrap it in a new one. So do every time condensate appears.

Terms of the apartment and private house

How to store cabbage at home? A private house provides more opportunities for keeping cabbage fresh throughout the winter than an apartment. It has two optimal places for this - a refrigerator and a balcony.

A private house most often has a cellar, in which cabbage is stored longer under certain conditions. On the territory where the private house is located, its owners make various extensions, garages, sheds, etc.

Such premises are built specifically for the storage of a rich harvest, including cabbage. Eventually, in a private house there are much more places and possibilities for storing cabbage for the winterthan in the apartment.

The cellar allows you to save a big harvest

Thus, the storage of cabbage at home is quite possible. Sometimes this method is the only correct one. Yes, it does not give such good results in the storage of fresh cabbage, such as storing it in a subfloor (basement, cellar), but at home you can freeze or dry the cabbage, put fresh cabbages in the refrigerator or on the balcony.

How to store garlic, pumpkin, onions, beets, apples, carrots, pears, bell peppers in a subfield or basement, read in the special articles of our site.

So, to provide yourself fresh cabbage for the whole winter, you need:

  1. Prepare the crop for storage: sort, clean, wash, dry.
  2. To determine the method, place of storage, and depending on it:
    • put cabbage wrapped in paper or cling film on the balcony,
    • put the cabbage in its natural form or wrapped in plastic wrap in the refrigerator,
    • freeze shredded or whole cabbage,
    • dry the cabbage in the dryer for vegetables.

Be sure to consider the storage of cabbage at home need:

  • division of cabbage into species
  • determine the optimal storage method for this type.

So you can save space in the house, and ensure the safety of the entire cabbage harvest on as long as possible.

How to store cabbage in the winter: all options

Consider how to keep cabbage until spring at home. Like other vegetables, it can be stored fresh, just in the heads, providing plants with certain conditions. This method is available to residents of both private houses and city apartments. Its advantages include ease of execution and constant access to a fresh product.

We recommend to read: 4 ways how long to store whole, cut, chopped cabbage in the refrigerator.

In addition, cabbage for the winter can be processed. Some recipes allow you to use this vegetable for 2-3 weeks, others - for 1-2 years. The most common ways to store cabbage for the winter are:

  • salting or pickling (both in chopped form and whole heads of cabbage),
  • pickling,
  • canning in banks.

The last option is just designed for long-term storage. In the same salted and pickled form of vegetable remains a maximum of useful qualities.

At room temperature, the vegetable does not stay for a week

How to store cabbage at home, you choose, but first you need to find out which varieties are suitable for this, how and when to harvest.

Early varieties

Vegetables of early varieties ripen quickly. You can clean them from the middle of June, but they will not be lying for long. In fresh form in the cellar or refrigerator, they are stored for about 1 month.

Such plants have thin, juicy leaves, the purpose of which is salads and other culinary masterpieces. And for some varieties, breeders prescribe a warning: "It is consumed only in fresh form." Of course, such a variety as "Granddaughter" (very early), you can throw in vegetable soup, but you need to know that the heating must be stopped immediately, otherwise your soup will turn into puree.

Mid-season varieties

These varieties begin to cut in July or August. To determine that the vegetables are ripe and suitable for harvesting, touch the heads of cabbage. If they are taut, with tightly-fitting outer leaves, the cabbage can be removed.

After cutting, most of them will not last long. They are mainly intended for fresh consumption and with rare exceptions, for example, Zosya variety - for short-term storage of 2-2.5 weeks.

Council of the day

Do not allow the mid-season cabbage to linger on the bed longer than it should be. It quickly develops, and some varieties begin to crack even after cessation of watering. Harvest on time.

Middle-late and late ripening varieties

For fresh storage in winter, choose medium late and late ripe varieties. They are able to lie for 6-8 months, that is, until the appearance of a new crop of early vegetables. Such long-term preservation contributes to:

  • the dense structure of the head,
  • lower moisture content in the leaves,
  • the latest cleaning dates.

The best varieties of cabbage for storage are shown in the table:

Varieties with a shelf life of 6-8 months (according to the Russian State Register). Click on image to enlarge (opens in a new window)

Council of the day

Cabbage - strongly zoned culture. Before choosing a variety or hybrid for planting, ask if it is recommended specifically for your region.

Storage mode

To the vegetables safely overwinter, follow these rules:

  1. Provide heading temperature range from 0 to 1 ° C.
  2. Maintain humidity in the store in the region of 90-95%.
  3. Equip the room with good ventilation or ventilate it frequently.
  4. Store varieties with different deadlines separately.
  5. Periodically revise bookmarks and delete damaged copies in time.

When the storage mode is created incorrectly, the plant either fades quickly, or rots just as quickly.

We answer the question: Is it possible to store cabbage at minus temperature?

Not recommended. At temperatures below 0 ° C, the vegetable loses its taste, freezes and, as a result, begins to rot.

In a private house, the easiest way is to keep cabbage in the cellar. If it is not there, a warmed barn and a garage will do; you can also keep it in a subfield. But these options are not without flaws. In contrast, in the cellar in winter it is easier to maintain optimum temperature and humidity.

Storage methods

And now about the easiest ways to store cabbage at home:

  1. If the heads are a little bit and you pulled them up by the roots, hang them down with the heads of them under the ceiling of the vault. In this case, the plants should not touch each other. To secure the vegetables, use slats, ropes or hooks.
  2. Larger volumes are kept in mini-containers. Fit large rack boxes or bulk plastic containers. Simply place the vegetables in a few pieces each and send them to the storage.
  3. Keep the biggest harvest on pallets. Simply fold the heads of the cabbage, leaving small spaces between them for ventilation. Overlap the rows with polyethylene, so the vegetable that started to rot does not infect its neighboring microflora.

In an apartment, maintaining ideal conditions is much more difficult. At room temperature, the heads of cabbages do not stay for a long time, and the smell from them will be felt. It remains to store the cabbage on the balcony, provided that it is glazed and well insulated.

You can place the vegetables on the shelves or keep them in boxes. To keep the heads of cabbage for a long time, tightly wrap them with cling film, leaving no air bubbles.

See in a short video how to store cabbage in garbage bags:

We answer the question: How to store red cabbage?

Red can be stored fresh as well as white. The principles are the same. Other red varieties are stored even longer than whites.

Canning

Try also a cabbage preservation recipe like Victoria salad. This time the banks will need to roll up and sterilize. To prepare you need these ingredients:

Cut cabbage, onion and pepper into straws, tomatoes - into slices, and grate the carrot. Mix everything in the basin, add salt, sugar, vinegar and oil. Now put the blanks tightly in half-liter jars. There should be a pickle on top. Sterilize 1 cans and roll them in tin lids. After cooling down, store the product as usual preservation.

Find out, how to store other types of cabbage at home in the winter: cauliflower, Beijing, kohlrabi, broccoli.

Keeping cabbage at home is easy. Choose which method is right for you and use the product all year round.

Keep it right and stay healthy!

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  • Rate the article and share with friends on social networks if it was useful and you learned something new.

Placing cabbage in trenches

What to do if the cellar is small or not at all, and the cabbage at a dacha was born to fame? You can try to save part of the crop in a trench. In a fall-free area, a moat is dug in the autumn, the depth of which depends on the climate of the area:

The pit is lined with kraft or straw. The upper cover leaves of cabbage leave, cut off the stalk. Vegetables are placed in two rows, covered with straw, then the flooring of the boards, which throw a thin layer of earth. With the onset of frost, the trenches fall asleep finally, alternating layers of soil and straw.

Storage in the apartment

City dwellers who do not have land plots and cellars may keep cabbage on glass for quite a long time. loggias. The cabbages are placed in a foam padded box, wrapped in paper or film. It is necessary to remember about the optimum temperature for storing cabbage and carefully monitor the weather. With the onset of frost, the box is covered with old blankets.

It is safer to store cabbage in a special container equipped with automatic equipment - the oven. Such structures are made of two layers of metal, and the heating and ventilation system is connected to the domestic electrical grid. The cabinet automatically maintains the desired temperature and humidity. The device can be put on the loggia, balcony, in an unheated garage. The standard container volume is 300 l.

A small amount of vegetables can be stored in the usual the fridge. The cabbages are folded into the vegetable compartment, pre-wrapped in plastic wrap. In this state, cabbage can lie for up to 2 months.

In modern models of refrigerators, there is a “zone of freshness,” or “zero chamber,” where the microclimate that is optimal for the storage of fresh food is maintained. Actually, the storage conditions in the “zero chamber” are the same as in the cellar: temperature from 0 to +1 ° C, humidity 90–95%. In these conditions, microorganisms multiply very slowly, so the vegetables are stored as long as possible.

Cabbage is placed in the refrigerator, wrapped with paper or cling film. If the wrapper is damp, it is changed to a new one. In the “zero chamber” cabbage can lie for more than 2 months, in the compartment for vegetables - 2-3 weeks.

Proper storage of cabbage allows you to save the maximum amount of vitamins contained in it and other valuable substances.

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Types and features of storage

Each variety has its own taste characteristics, appearance, chemical composition and suitability to a particular type of processing. Shortly kept fresh and suitable for freezing, drying the following varieties:

Belokochannaya has the longest shelf life. Fresh heads of cabbage can lie through the winter and not deteriorate. The variety is suitable for pickling, freezing, pickling. It does not spoil, even if the harvest was harvested after small frosts.

Frozen white cabbage is better to immediately put on salting or ferment. Before this, it is necessary to cut off all damaged areas and leaves. Other varieties should be immediately recycled - crumble into lettuce, dry, freeze. Cut and throw out the damaged parts of the head.

This indicator depends on the method of harvesting vegetables and conditions. Frozen vegetables are placed in the freezer. Before that, they are pre-packed in hermetic bags. Otherwise, the fruit will absorb foreign odors.

Fresh and fermented cabbages should be stored in the cellar. Some leave blanks on the balcony. In this case, you need to monitor the temperature. Heat and bright light will adversely affect the quality of products. Will contribute to rapid deterioration.

Shelf life of cabbage:

  • frozen - 8 or 12 months at a temperature of - 8 ° C,
  • fermented - up to 4 months at + 1 + 5˚С,
  • dried - from 12 months to a year at a humidity of no more than 80% and temperatures from + 15 ° C to + 25 ° C.

Fresh albumen varieties are stored for half a year. All other species are 3 months. The optimum temperature is from 1 to 5 degrees above zero. Humidity level should not exceed 95%.

  • At room temperature, cabbage will last a week, maximum two.
  • On the balcony (glazed, insulated) winter and spring can last (3-5 months).
  • In the refrigerator (without film) - a maximum of a month, with a film - up to 2 months.

When stored in cling film, see that there are no water droplets (moisture) under the film. If you notice, cabbage should be wrapped in a new dry film, otherwise it may start to rot.

Balcony (or Loggia)

The presence of a balcony allows the hostess to place vegetables on it. In order to preserve the vegetable, it is necessary that the balcony be glazed and insulation has been made (it did not freeze through in winter).

Place the cabbages on the shelves, pre-wrapped in food paper (optional) or on the floor. Periodically, once a week, check the cabbies visually so that they do not suddenly begin to deteriorate.

It should be noted that this method of storage is suitable for ordinary white cabbage. Grades: Beijing, broccoli, color and kohlrabi much worse tolerate the balcony.

Fridge

Usually cabbage just put in the fridge in a box for vegetables. This can be done, but the big minus is that the cabbage will not last long and will quickly wither.

You can extend the shelf life and protect against rapid wilting, if you pre-wrap the head in cling film.

Brocolli and kohlrabi are badly and not stored for long in the refrigerator!

Brocolli should not be washed (longer lie), preferably each head to put in an open bag (preferably paper).

Temperature conditions

Cabbage likes neither heat nor cold. It is capricious for storage conditions. Allowable temperature for storage of cabbage for the winter - from +0 to +5 degrees. The ideal temperature is from 0 to +2 degrees. At temperatures below 0 degrees cabbage frost freezes and lose taste. In addition, the frozen area immediately begins to rot.

At a temperature of more than +5 degrees cabbage will begin to deteriorate due to the reproduction of microorganisms and rotting. If the spoilage of cabbage is noticed at the very beginning, cabbage can be saved.

A layer of leaves affected by rotting should be carefully removed or cut Cabbage wrapped in plastic wrap and stored further.

However, it is worth remembering that she will not be fully laid out for the full term, therefore, use it first.

Watch the video: How to store root vegetables for winter (October 2019).

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