Garden

Campanula - home care for the plant

Campanula is a very sweet, richly flowering plant, it is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. In the people it is known as "Bell" or "Groom" and "Bride", the flower received this name for a lot of dazzling white or purple-blue flowers, depending on the variety, literally showered the plant from May to August.

Previously, Kampanulu was given to the newlyweds for a wedding. It was believed that the "Bridegroom" and "The Bride" will bring happiness to the newlyweds, and if the bells in the house grow well and bloom, then the family will be strong and happy.

Campanula refers to those plants that are easy to maintain. Even an inexperienced florist can grow this plant. She loves coolness, quickly grows and pleases the eye with wonderful flowers.
Campanula feels good on the window sill, in the flower stand, looks great in hanging pots and ampella compositions.

Homeland and appearance of the campanula

Campanula (Campanula) is a grassy plant of the bell family, with more than 300 species.

Campanula is considered the birthplace of the Mediterranean and the countries of southern Europe, where it is widely distributed in the wild. The sunny slopes of the hills, meadows and valleys are literally studded with hats of blue, white, pink inflorescences.

Bell-shaped ones found recognition among landscape designers and amateur flower growers. Cultivated and used in crop about 100 species of this plant.

In the home floriculture, only one type of campanula is used - Campanula ravnolistnaya (Campanula isophylla Moretti), it is the hybrids of this species - Alba, which blooms with white flowers and Mayi with blue bells, called “Groom” and “Bride”.

Campanula ravnolistnaya - miniature ampelnoy plant. The length of the shoots of the campanula does not exceed 25-30 cm. Heart-shaped leaflets on long petioles, arranged alternately.

In the white-flowered Alba hybrid, the leaves have a lighter color than the Mayi variety.
There is another variety of Campanula ravnolifolnoy - Starina Bicolour - it is gentle, blue and white bells.

On the care of these beautiful flowers and will be discussed in our article.

Watering mode

Campanula very gratefully responds to abundant watering, but in this case seasonality should be observed:

  • In the spring of Kampanula wakes up and begins to grow actively. From March to August - September, you can water your beauty daily, the soil in the pot should always be wet. In response to this Kampanula will please you with abundant flowering.
  • In the fall, when the plant fades, the growth of shoots ceases, you can reduce watering up to 2 times a week.
  • In winter, during the rest period of the plant, it is enough to water it 1-2 times a month.

In nature, campanula grows on calcareous soils, so hard water with a high lime content does not harm the plant.
Although Kampanula and moisture-loving plant, she does not like stagnant water. Make sure that the water does not accumulate in the pan, it can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant.

Illumination requirements

Under natural conditions, Campanula prefers sunny places, but indoors the plant needs diffused light. The best place for your flower will be the east or west window.

If you settled Kampanulu on the south window, protect it from the bright midday sun, it is better to arrange the flower behind the curtain.

The lack of light can adversely affect the plant: the shoots are stretched, the distance between the leaves increases, the number of flowers and the flowering period are reduced.

Bells, like many other plants, have the peculiarity of reaching for the sun and growing as if in one direction.You should not turn the pot with Campanula immediately 180 °, this should be done gradually.

Temperature and humidity

The most favorable temperature for the campanula in summer is 20-22 ° С. In winter, it is better to remove the plant in a cooler place. The optimum temperature for the campanula in winter is 12-14 ° C.

Campanula has no special requirements for air humidity. On hot summer days or in winter, when heating devices are turned on, spraying is very useful for the flower. This will moisten the soil and serve as a hygienic procedure for the dense foliage of the plant.

If you are spraying a flowering plant, try to prevent moisture from falling on the flowers. To do this, raise the pot and splash on the bottom of the leaves.

Soil requirements

Campanula is not very demanding on the composition of the soil, the main thing is that it should be loose, which will provide air access to the roots of the plant.

You can buy in the store a universal soil for flowering plants, or stick to the approximate composition of the components:

  1. Sodland - 1 part,
  2. Leaf ground or humus - 1 part,
  3. Coarse sand - 1 part.

Choosing the right place

Campanula is a very light-loving plant, for which a lack of sunlight is fraught with a lack of flowering and leaf fading, so try to choose a place in an apartment where there is a lot of ambient light and there is no direct sunlight there.
In the apartments, under the windowsills, there are often batteries, so for the period of the heating season it is better to rearrange the Campanula to a bedside table or stand near the window.

There is a simple way to understand by the appearance of a plant how comfortable it is at the chosen place. First of all, pay attention to the leaves, if they are twisted and some of them fade - most likely, the problem is in a large number of direct sunlight. Elongated stems and leaves, on the contrary, a sign of a lack of lighting in the room.

Optimal watering campanula

The higher the temperature in the apartment, the more regularly the campanula needs watering, in the summer heat this flower should be watered in the morning and in the evening, so that the earth is constantly slightly damp, but make sure that there is no stagnation of moisture in the pan or pot. In the cold season, watering should be reduced to a minimum, otherwise the appearance of root rot, which is destructive for this plant, is possible.

Best for irrigation campanula suitable settled water at room temperature, but hard water is absolutely contraindicated for this flower, most often it leads to wilting of the plant.

Temperature and humidity

Campanula refers to those types of flowers, which have a pronounced rest period, allowing the plant to rest and gain strength for the new flowering. Therefore, try to find a place in winter where the flower will be able to spend the winter at a temperature of + 10- + 12 degrees. If you do not provide Campanula with such a temperature, then in the spring it will not bloom or its flowering will be poor. In summer, a suitable temperature is + 21- + 25 degrees.

The moisture level for the campanula is not critical, it can wonderfully grow and develop under the driest air, but, if possible, additionally spraying from a spray gun affects the plant very positively.

Necessary fertilizers

You should feed the campanula plant exclusively during the period of active growth, bud formation and flowering, and with the onset of the rest phase, it is better to stop adding any fertilizers. Top-dressing during the growing season should be carried out at least two or three times a month; complex fertilizers for flowering houseplants are suitable for these purposes; they can be found in any flower shop.

Campanula transplant

Campanula does not belong to perennial plants, as a rule, it retains its decorative qualities for no more than two years, after this the flowers become smaller and the decorativeness of the campanula disappears, because the transplant is the time of flower renewal and it would be more correct to call it planting, during which division root system on several flowerpots or prepared stalk is planted as a new plant.

Reproduction by dividing the bush

When transplanting the plant rhizome is divided with a sharp knife into several parts, each of which is planted separately.When planting plays a huge role suitable soil, as a rule, it consists of a mixture of sod and humus soil, peat and sifted sand. After planting, the plant is desirable to water, and after a week you can make the first portion of fertilizer.

Campanula plant home information

The culture we are interested in is, in fact, exotically - from the point of view of the average man in the middle latitudes. Homeland Kampanula - warm Mediterranean countries. This is a herbaceous perennial plant, the wild forms of which can be seen not only on the meadows and fields already mentioned above, but even in the highlands, where the soil is fertilized. From here we conclude that we are dealing with an initially very hardy flower.

It is possible to distinguish campanula from other plants by some botanical features. Nature has endowed the representative of exotic flora with pubescent shoots, which, depending on the affiliation to a particular species, may be prone to branching or to maintain a direct position. Campanula is a decorative flowering plant. Its reproductive organs, as you may have guessed, resemble bells in their form, while they have large sizes and various colors: from white and piercing blue to pale pink and greenish. They are not solitary, but form a racemose or paniculate inflorescence. The flowering of the campanula is a sight worthy of admiration. It can be contemplated, as a rule, in the summer.

By the genus Campanula ranked several hundred types of crops.. As a home bell growers grow a variety called Campanula ravnolifolnoy - at least more often than others. On the basis of this representative of exotic flora, breeders bred a couple of hybrids at one time. The flowers of one have a snow-white shade (variety “Alba”), for the reproductive organs of the other, blue color is characteristic (variety “Mayl”). From here there was their memorable national name "Bride and Groom". In natural conditions Campanula ravnolistnaya prefers to settle in the mountains. Mediterranean culture pleases the eye with stellate flowers at the end of the summer period.

Growth and development of campanula at home

The main claims of the campanula are watering, which you simply have to carry out with enviable regularity. Do not feel sorry for the flower of water, and it will repay you with good growth and development, and most importantly - with lush flowering. By the end of the first month of autumn, soil moistening under the exotus is somewhat limited, since it begins a period of rest, while in winter it is completely produced a couple of times a month.

Campanula is responsive to feeding. Their implementation falls on the growing season, which lasts from April to the end of summer. Under the campanula in the soil make a complex mineral fertilizer for ornamental plants. His ready-to-eat, buy in a specialty store. Top dressings are shown to a flower no more than once every two weeks.

From the moment of "diagnosing" in the exot of the resting phase, it is necessary to make pruning. This procedure is subjected to long shoots of the plant. After the event is completed, the campanul should be placed in a cool place. In early spring, pruning is repeated, but in order to save the house bell from the stalks that have dried up during the stalks.

Campaign home multiplication

As a rule, Campanula is not transplanted. The lion's share of flower growers practicing culture renewal by growing new Mediterranean handsome from a cutting of a bell. However, still deciding to transplant, remember that it should be carried out only at the end of the rest period, that is, in the spring. The composition of the soil, use the one specified above. At the bottom of the new tank, arrange a high-quality and fairly thick drainage layer.

Offspring from the campanula is obtained by propagating the plant with seeds, grafting, bush division.The life of a new instance of a home bell can also be given by pieces of the rhizome of a crop or its offspring.

The greatest prevalence among owners of campamnula is the seed method of propagation and grafting. In the first case, it is necessary to carefully cut off shoots from the mother plant, plant them in the ground. For rooting to occur as quickly as possible, cuttings require abundant watering and keeping warm, ideally - under glass or film. When the sprout gives roots, it is relocated to a permanent place in a standard pot filled with a substrate with an already voiced composition.

The seed method of reproduction involves planting seeds of the campanula for seedlings. If you do not want to bother with the last house, it is allowed in the garden in April. After the seeds have been scattered over the surface of the soil, lightly dust them with sand. At emergence of shoots thinning of seedlings is required. The pick is shown in the phase of the first three sheets. At the start of the summer season, new specimens of the campaign are planted in pots.

A pest may be threatened by a pest such as a scout and a spider mite. They are fought by treating the culture with insecticides. Also on the plant may be a disease called "gray rot" - due to too much soil moisture and high water content in the air. This will help plant transplant with the preliminary removal of the affected parts of the exotic.

What conditions are needed for growing campanula in the house

When you purchase the flower Campanula, pay attention to whether there are new sprouts next to it, whether pests and dry leaves are missing.

About transplanting Campanula you learn by reading the article. These tips will help to further grow a healthy and beautiful flower.

Campanula loves a diffused bright light. It is better to protect the flower from sunlight. It will feel great if it is placed on the west or east window.

When placed in the southern part of the house, the campanulu must be pritened. If you notice that the leaves of the campanules curl and fade, then most likely this is due to excess sun. If it receives less light, the shoots become elongated, the leaves are at a distance more than usual, and the flower loses its former appearance.

When there is no way out, and the campanula home needs to be placed on the north window, then it is necessary to organize additional lighting at least up to two hours a day.

The flower will be comfortable at temperatures up to 22 ° C, but it is better if the temperature is not above 18 ° C. In winter, the campanula should be kept at an average temperature of about 13 ° C.

Campanula is a very delicate plant, but rather unpretentious, so you need to devote a little time and attention to caring for the plant at home, and you will be able to grow an incredibly beautiful flower.

In the hot summer, the campanula needs frequent and abundant watering, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly wet, but to avoid long stagnation of water.

Sometimes you have to water the plant every day, because in the summer the ground dries quickly. In the autumn and winter, watering is significantly reduced, the plant needs to be watered no more than once a week.

When air humidity the room is low; the campanula, when properly grown, must often be sprayed with lukewarm water. Especially you need to pay attention to spraying in summer and winter, when the heating is turned on, and the plant is on the windowsill.

Do not forget about dressing. Like any other indoor plant, Campanula needs additional feeding.

It is worth doing in the period of growth and flowering - in spring and summer. Campanula home will feel great and will delight you with flowering, if you feed it with a special fertilizer for flowering ornamental plants twice a month.

Campanula can be affected by diseases and pests. Dangerous for this plant are scale and spider mite.The flower should be inspected periodically, and if you managed to notice moving black dots under the leaves, then, most likely, this is a spider mite.

White or brownish spots on plants may indicate the presence of scythos.

An indicator of the presence of pests can be the appearance of yellow, wilted leaves, and further their loss.

  • "Aktellik" - a drug that acts on the shield and spider mite. Dilute the ampoule with 2 ml of the preparation in 100 ml of water, then add a liter of clean water, stir well, spray the plant, evenly wetting the leaves and shoots, it is recommended to use gloves outdoors or in a balcony.
  • "Fitoverm" - against spider mites. Used 2 ml per 1 liter of water. Stir the drug first in 100 ml of water, then add 1 l. Spray the plant 2 times / day with an interval of 10 days before the disappearance of pests. Non-toxic.

Also, Campanula is subject to gray rot, which can occur with very frequent and abundant watering, water stagnation and consistently high humidity.

Therefore, it is necessary to follow this: paying attention that it began to wither, the stem and root began to rot, an unpleasant smell of rotting appeared, it is necessary to urgently save the plant, otherwise it will die.

It is necessary to remove all the old land, the rotten parts of the flower, plant the campanula in the new soil and watch the irrigation more carefully.

With the onset of autumn, active growth and flowering of the plant ceases. During this period it is necessary to prepare a flower for the rest period. In order for the plant to spring out of the rest period more easily, it is necessary to carry out some manipulations.

Let's see how the campanula winters:

  1. It is necessary to prune shoots, leaving 10 cm of branches.
  2. The plant should be in a cool (12-14 ° C) room, but well lit.
  3. Watering is reduced to once a month.
  4. When spring comes, the plant is brought into a warm place. It is necessary to remove the dried parts of the flower and make watering more frequent.

Some experienced growers recommend relocate campanula only when she is already very closely in the pot - the flower does not like frequent transplants. But nevertheless, you need to transplant a campanula to a larger pot size - this will ensure a comfortable and active growth.

The soil should be used loose, you can make a mixture or buy ready-made, it consists of sand, humus, peat and leaf earth.

A transplant consists of the following steps:

  • In the new pot need to make holes if they are missing. Pour a layer of drainage - it can be expanded clay approximately 2-3 cm, depending on the size of the pot.
  • To fill the clay with earth and carefully, without damaging the roots of the plant, transplant it, fill the missing part of the ground.

Dividing bush

When you are planning a plant transplant, it is possible to divide the root into several parts with a sharp knife during this period. Each part to land in a separate pot. The plant is watered and fertilized after a week.

Campanula plants can also be produced reproduction by cuttings. This is the easiest way.

Stages grafting:

  • Choose a cutting that is suitable for breeding. It is better to take it from the bottom of the plant.
  • Then it should be immediately planted in a mixture of peat and sand, periodically watering.
  • It is advisable to make a greenhouse, covering the pot with a can or transparent polyethylene, sometimes ventilated.
  • When the stalk reaches 10 cm, you need to make a nip that will contribute to the development of lateral shoots.

Consider how you can grow a campaign from seeds. In this way, you can begin to grow Campanula in early spring.

The very small size of the seeds ensures that they can be sown in small glasses. Wet soil is placed on the bottom, and the top is dry, the seeds should not be watered - it is better to spray it, so it will be easier for them to germinate. The future plant needs to provide a warm environment, moderate watering and sufficient lighting.

It is worth replanting a campanula from a cup when the plant has at least three leaves.

Given the recommendations for growing campanula, you will get a healthy plant that will delight you and those around you with its abundant and beautiful flowering.

I have been growing brugmansia for about five years, but I have never seen my plants produce seeds. I propagate.

Who can tell if the cuttings of Brugmancia are kept on the loggia, then what is the minimum positive temperature.

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The origin and appearance of the campanula

There is in the family of Kolokolchikovye charming plant called Campanula (Campanula), which growers with pleasure grow in indoor conditions.

Campanula is considered to be the Mediterranean homeland, but it is found in nature not only in the South of Europe, but also in Asia, the Caucasus, and even in some regions of North America.

Translated campanula means "bell". The name of the plant was due to the characteristic shape of the flower.

The plant is a small perennial grassy shrub, reaching a height of 30–50 cm. The campanula has long shoots of a light green color and flowers painted white, blue or purple.

The snow-white kampanulu is popularly called the “bride”, and the plant with blue and purple flowers is the “bridegroom”. There is another popular name - "the flower of family happiness." In ancient times, there was also a belief that this plant gives girls happy love, and the elderly - serene old age.

Campanula bloom lasts a long time. It begins at the end of spring and lasts until mid-autumn, in winter there is a period of rest.

Campanula is considered a capricious plant that needs special care when growing in captivity. He needs timely watering, even with the slightest lack of moisture tender shoots may die. But if you find the lightest and warmest place for a bell, and also provide him with the necessary care, then it is quite possible to get a lush and long bloom in an ordinary apartment.

Species and varieties popular in indoor floriculture

Biologists have described about 300 species of campanula, but only a few of them are “raised in captivity”.

  1. Campanula ravnolistnaya. This species is most often grown as a houseplant. The flower reaches a height of no more than 30 cm and has an ampel form. Its thin stems hang under the weight of flowers, so it is recommended to keep it in hanging pots. In spring and summer, the bell is covered with numerous flowers. The most popular varieties are Mayia (the “bridegroom” with blue flowers) and Alba (“the bride whose flowers have a snow-white shade”). The Napoli variety with large blue bells is very beautiful, the hybridizer created a bride as a pair for the groom — the Atlanta variety with similar white flowers.
  2. Campanula Pozharsky. Under natural conditions, the flower grows on limestone rocks on the Balkan Peninsula. A very showy plant forms a dense curtain of heart-shaped leaf blades, the height of which is on average 15–20 cm. Abundant flowering. Bells are star-shaped, painted in light blue or plum color. Hybridizers bred cultivar with white flowers.
  3. Campanula Blauranka. The plant is one of the varieties of the Pozharsky campanula.A distinctive feature - leaf blades and flowers of large size in combination with a compact form of a bush.

During its flowering, Blauranka attracts attention with flowers painted in a delicate light blue tint. Such a campanula is suitable for growing both in the apartment and in the garden.

  • Campanula Carpathian (Carpathian). The bell of this species is a perennial plant. The shape of the leaf blades located in the root part of the flower is rounded. Coloring can be different, varies from snow-white to violet.
  • Campanula Portenshlag. Perennial flower with green leaves heart-shaped and bell-shaped flowers, painted in dark purple color. Portenshlaga kampanula blooms for a long time (from May to September). The advantage is that the bell does not lose its decorative effect even after the end of the flowering period. Even at minus temperatures, the leaf blades remain green. Old leaves dry up only with the appearance of young shoots in the spring.
  • Campanula mini terry. Double flowers with terry flowers are most often found in specialized flower shops. This bell is a small bush, up to 15 cm high, covered with double flowers of various shades of blue and white. Among the varietal diversity can be identified Blue Bali and White Bali, as well as Blue Wonder and White Wonder.
  • Transplant - step by step description of the process

    The annual traditional transplant required by many pot flowers is not required. This event is needed only after buying a plant in the store, and also in the case when the old pot has become too cramped and the roots look out of the drainage holes.

    Every two years, the campaign must rejuvenate and plant the plant, dividing the bush.

    1. Put a claydite drainage layer into the container. It should be large enough and take 1/4 of the pot.
    2. Fill in the nutrient substrate by filling half the pot with it.
    3. Remove the campanula from the old pot, shake the ground from the roots and wash them in warm water. Cut off the damaged roots.
    4. Place the flower in a pot, straighten the roots and fill the void with earth. Water the campanula and set for 2-3 days in partial shade.
    5. After the bell has taken root, move it to its usual place.

    Transplantation of a bell is required if the roots are completely covered with an earthen ball and closely packed in a pot

    After purchasing the campanula in the store, the plant must be transplanted with a complete replacement of the soil. The procedure should be carried out no later than 2-3 days after you brought the flower home, because the plant can die very quickly and it will be almost impossible to reanimate. Before transplanting, remove all flowers and buds and shorten the shoots.

    It is necessary to replant the bell in the spring (before flowering).

    Features of watering and feeding

    In summer, the campanula requires regular watering. We can not allow the substrate to dry in a pot, so you need to moisten the flower daily. It is best to carry out the procedure in the morning or evening hours, as watering on hot ground can lead to a burn of tender roots.

    In winter, during a period of relative rest, the humidification of the bell should be reduced to once a week, because with excessive dampness and coolness the roots of the campanula can rot. In addition, the shoots will grow thin and too fragile.

    The bell blooms almost without interruption for several months in a row, which greatly depletes the plant. To maintain his strength, it is necessary to regularly apply fertilizer to the soil. Feeding from the beginning of spring to the end of summer should be carried out every two weeks. Suitable preparations for violets, for example, Kemira-Lux or Fertik. They need to be diluted according to the instructions and pour the nutrient solution on the campaign ground on wet earth.

    Note! In the autumn and winter feeding should stop completely.You can resume them only in the spring.

    "Home" types of bell

    Usually on our window sills and balconies adorn the subspecies of the campanula ravnolistnoy: "Alba" (Alba) and "Maya" (Maya). The "Alba" white inflorescences, for this the people called her "bride". Maya has gays, they call her “bridegroom.” And there are in fact also bicoloured plants - “Bicolor”, the popular name “lover”. But in fact, sometimes there are other varieties of Kampanuly, for example: "Karpatskaya", "Terry", "Blauranka". In the table - the distinctive features of the most common varieties of plants.

    Table - Varieties of "Domestic" Campanula

    Campanula Care Rules

    In general, the bell - a very unpretentious plant and growing campanula at home will be mastered even by a novice gardener or a person who is not well versed in this matter.

    Campanula loves the light, but he must be scattered. That is, the lighting should be bright, but without direct sunlight. In the garden or on the balcony, choose a place where there is always a shadow. In the apartment - put the plant on the window sills of windows facing east and west. If your windows face south, then it is better to put a pot of campanula in pots or place them on a special stand.

    Rest period

    September-October is the period when the bell has ended its rapid flowering, the plant is tired and exhausted. How to care for campanula after flowering, so that next spring the flower will have the strength for another "enchanting" season?

    • The beginning of November . First of all, you need to remove all that the plant will spend the juice on in the winter, instead of accumulating strength: dry inflorescences, stems, leaves. “Purity” will need to maintain the entire rest period.
    • December Time to cut the campaign. Cut off all the shoots, but not under the root, leave a length of about ten centimeters.
    • March . By this time, the shoots will grow, cut them at a distance of 5 cm from the ground.
    • Watering Two or three times a month, see as the soil dries.
    • Light It is better to “winter” the plant in a well-lit, but protected from the direct rays of the sun place.
    • Temperature . Do not place the campanula near the radiators, but do not put it on a cold balcony.
    • Top dressing. At rest is not required.

    And spring is the time to propagate the campaign to the desired number of plants.

    How to propagate the bell

    Again, Campanula is not a perennial. The average lifespan of a plant is two years, sometimes slightly longer. If you do not want to say goodbye to the "falling star" a couple of years after the purchase - multiply it. You have several options to choose from:

    When you carry out spring pruning, pinch off the “heel” stalk from the mother plant. That is, it is necessary to tear off the young shoot at the very bottom so that a part of the skin and core of the maternal stem remains on it. And at the bottom of the cutting should be two or three leaves. To root the Campanula by cutting, proceed in five steps.

    1. Water treatments. Dip the shoot into a glass with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about seven to eight hours. You do not need to immerse it completely, just “dip” the cut-off area and a couple of centimeters from the top.
    2. Stimulant treatment. Before planting in the ground, it is possible to process the shoot with a growth stimulator. According to reviews, after this treatment Campanula grows stronger and blooms more actively.
    3. The landing. Escape deepen in the soil about 3 cm.
    4. Greenhouse conditions. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a large glass jar if the pot is small. To prevent the plant from rotting, it needs to be aired daily. Put the pot in a cool place.
    5. Spraying Once a week, spray the shoot with warm filtered water.

    Dividing bush

    Campanula can be propagated in this way directly during plant transplantation. It is better to do this in spring or at the very beginning of summer. Here are the seven steps instructions.

    1. Remove the bush along with a lump of old earth.
    2. Divide it into several pieces - just cut the roots with a sharp knife.
    3. Delenki should not be too small.
    4. Place each piece in your pot. Do not forget to put drainage on the bottom.
    5. Dip the plant 2-3 cm into the ground.
    6. Top up with the required amount of land and lightly tamp.
    7. Water the plant.

    Campanula seeds are propagated by seeds in spring, in early March. This is if you already have a mother plant. Or buy seeds in the store. So, in the autumn, when the bell flower has blossomed, look for miniature boxes on the stems - there are seeds. But do not tear the box - let it remain on the plant, it will burst itself when the seeds "ripen". The seeds of the campanula are very small, more likely resemble dust, by carelessness they can even be blown off. And then proceed according to the instructions of the six steps.

    1. Carefully open the "house".
    2. Prepare a clean container and suitable soil.
    3. If possible, evenly scatter the seeds on the ground.
    4. Deepen the seed is not necessary. Just sprinkle them a little with soil or sand.
    5. Spray the soil out of the spray gun.
    6. Cover the seedlings with a film and air daily.

    Usually indoor flowers infect two pests: spider mite and shieldweed. If you notice a parasite on at least one plant - the risk of infection and all the "neighbors" is high. Immediately isolate the diseased plant and immediately begin to fight the "enemy".

    Spider mite

    If you notice a "web" between the base of the leaves and the stem - this is an occasion to think. Inspect the inside of the leaves, if you notice something similar to the stuck ground - poke the "dirty" place with a thin needle or a toothpick. It turned out to be not at all dirt, but the tiny size brown bugs that rushed scatter? This is a spider mite. To begin, break off all infected leaves, so you will get rid of a large number of pests. And what to do next is described in the table.

    Table - Methods of dealing with spider mites

    This insect looks like an aphid, only flat and with shell. It was because of him that the pest got its name - the shell, like a shield, protects its “master”. Often, shchitovki accumulate in the places of attachment of leaves to the stalk, there you can notice a certain "bloom" of insects. The feeder feeds on the sap of the plant and, at the initial stage, dark spots appear in the places where the parasite has attached, then the leaves twist and fall. Another sure sign of infection is that sticky drops appear on the plant. This is the so-called pad, it is emitted by insects.

    First of all, it is necessary to mechanically remove the parasites from the leaves and stems. Dip a soft toothbrush or cotton swab in vodka or insecticidal solution and clean the beetles. And then choose: the table describes the most popular methods of pest control.

    Table - Methods of dealing with the shield

    Problems and Diseases

    In addition to parasites, other misfortunes can happen to the plant. For example, the leaves suddenly begin to sink and fall or rot appears. Consider the main "diseases" of the campanula and their causes.

    • Gray rot. On the plant there are areas covered with "hairy" grayish bloom, resembling mold. Under the bloom begins the process of decay. This is a fungus. Causes: excessive watering and high humidity. Isolate the plant, remove the affected leaves and stems. Put the pot where the humidity is lower and reduce watering.
    • The leaves turn yellow. Most likely, the direct rays of the sun or not enough moisture fall on the plant. Move the campanula to a cooler place, spray it, pour water in small portions, but every day.
    • Leaves sluggish. Weak, lifeless leaves hanging - a sign that watering is too abundant. Do not let the water stagnate in the pan, water frequently, but so as to only moisten the soil, and not shed it.
    • Stems thin and weak. Little light. Podyschite more lighted place, but avoid direct sunlight.
    • Does not bloom. Campanula ceases to bloom when the plant lacks light or nutrition. And, perhaps, your bell is already old and just stopped its life cycle. If a young woman kampanula, then it must be rearranged to a well-lit place and fed three times a month.
    • The plant fades. There can be many reasons: little light, little moisture, drafts, insufficient food, pests, rot. Analyze care, find errors and correct them. If the plant is attacked by parasites - see the tables above.

    These are basic tips on how to care for a campaign so that it does not hurt and bloom profusely. While admiring the "falling stars", do not forget to look under the leaves, feel the soil, check for pests. Show a little more attention - this will allow you to fix problems on time, then the campaign will “thank” you with a stormy and long flowering.

    Campanula types

    Despite the fact that this plant has many varieties, on the window sills of houses in most cases is found Campanula ravnolistnaya (lat. Campanula isophylla). Much less likely to be seen Campanulu is fragilecharacterized by fleshy leaves.

    The most popular hybrids Alba ("Bride"), having snow-white flowers, and Mayi (accordingly, the "groom"), which is easily recognizable by the blue bells.

    In addition, the following varieties are grown:

    • Terry, the flowers of which have a greater number of petals than that of the usual equifolomus campanula.
    • Blauranka, suitable for growing outside. These are large, powerful plants with blue bells.
    • Carpathian, characterized by upright stems, the flowers have a blue or purple color.

    Growing conditions campanula at home

    Although the cultivation of this plant does not require the creation of any special conditions, it is still necessary to adhere to some rules. In this case, the result will exceed all expectations: the campanula will please its owner with lush, pretty flowers.
    Location

    They began to grow Campanula for decorative purposes for a very long time, and initially it decorated the territory near the dwelling. And today, this plant feels great in the fresh air in the warm season. But most often the flower is grown at home, and it is very important to choose the right place for it.

    The best option would be a room with windows facing west or east. Campanula can be hung in an elegant flower-pot, emphasizing the tenderness of the bells, or placed on a special flower stand close to the light source. It is very important to choose a place where cold drafts are excluded. Also not recommended accommodation in the kitchen.

    Illumination

    Campanula is a light-loving plant, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Getting on the foliage can trigger unattractive dark spots. If the pot is installed on the south side, it is necessary to create artificial shading and provide diffused light.

    If the plant lacks the sun, the stems will become thin, stretched, with rare leaves. From an aesthetic point of view, this is unattractive. Yes, and the profusion of flowering will be significantly lower than if the pot stood in a bright place.

    Campanula bells have one feature - they follow the sun, turning around its axis. Therefore, during the flowering period, it is not recommended to sharply turn the pot - this can “confuse the plant” and adversely affect its appearance.

    Optimum temperature, humidity and watering

    Since this is an unpretentious plant, flower growers do not have to create a special mode. It will feel comfortable at an ordinary room temperature of 20–25 ° C, and in winter the mark can be reduced to 15 ° C.

    Campanula has no special requirements for air humidity, being able to adapt to various conditions.Installation of pallets with water and other means is not required, although the plant will probably be happy to be sprayed with a spray bottle.

    This flower likes abundant watering, especially in the phase of active growth and flowering. But it is important not to overdo it in order to prevent over-wetting of the soil, because it can easily provoke root decay. But pouring out of the shower, especially in hot summer weather, will breathe new strength into the plant.

    Despite his love for water, campanula can go without watering for up to 20 days. However, you should not experience the plant!

    Pot and soil for campanula

    The “bride and groom” has a developed root system, so it is recommended to take a wide and deep pot in which the plant will not feel cramped. If the capacity is not enough for the required growth, then the leaves will begin to turn yellow and fall off, and flowering will be extremely scarce.

    Also, the campanula needs loose soil, which is well breathable, because in the wild, this representative of the flora grows on the rocks. Therefore, for planting it is better to choose a mixture of humus or leaf soil with sand. Do not forget about the drainage, which must necessarily be present at the bottom of the pot.

    Active phase

    With the onset of spring heat Campanula comes to life. The growth of new shoots begins, so this time is ideal for propagation by cuttings and transplanting. But experienced growers say that this plant can be transplanted into a new pot only if the old one is too small for the roots.

    At this time, it is necessary to increase watering up to several times a week, and twice a month to use fertilizer for flowering plants for feeding.

    Gray rot

    This is a fairly common disease caused by the activity of fungi. Excessive watering and too high air humidity are the main reasons for their occurrence. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the irrigation regime and monitor the condition of the soil.

    The main symptoms are an unpleasant odor emanating from the ground, as well as plant fatigue. The way to fight gray mold is only radical: an immediate change to a new soil with the removal of all the affected parts of the plant. And of course, in the future it is necessary to simply avoid excessive moisture.

    This is an insect that parasitizes leaves. It can be seen when inspecting the plant: but it looks like a drop with shell. To combat the uninvited guests will need insecticidal solution, which is necessary to process the leaves, stalks and soil. It is very important to isolate a diseased plant from healthy ones for the period of such treatment.

    How to make campanula bloom

    The bell begins flowering in late May-early June. The period lasts for several months. In summer, the flowers completely cover the shoots, and in late August and early September, the flowering gradually fades away. To stimulate the formation of new buds, you need to systematically pinch off old flowers.

    Sometimes it happens that Campanula does not want to bloom. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to arrange a relative rest period for the plant in winter. Put it on a cool window, but with bright lighting. Stop feeding and reduce watering. After such stress, the flower will bloom very luxuriantly.

    It is interesting! Pinching is another way to stimulate flowering. In the spring, as soon as the shoots start to grow, pinch their heads off, and then pinch the heads of the side shoots that appear.

    Pruning and shaping the bush

    The bride and groom - ampelous plants. When planting, the shoots need to be cut, leaving 2-3 cm from the root.

    Campanula is best planted in hanging pots or a pot on a high stem so that the stems hang nicely down. Throughout the entire period, remove the dry twigs and velvet buds to give a neat look to the flower.

    A very beautiful composition is obtained if you plant in one pot plants with blue flowers (the groom) and white bells (the bride). Experienced growers say that over time, the bride begins to grow more actively and depresses the groom. To avoid this, when planting plants in one pot, place a partition in the middle of the planter and plant the bride and groom in different parts of the pot.

    Diseases and pests

    Under the conditions of the habitat of the bell flower grows healthy. But in case of violation of the irrigation regime, in particular with excessive dryness, the campanula often undergoes fungal diseases, especially root rot. With a lack of moisture, the plant is not insured against the appearance of spider mites and shchitovki.

    With excessively dry air, a scout appears on the campanula.

    Campaign multiplication - step-by-step master class

    Campanula breeds in several ways: by dividing the bush, cuttings and seeds.

    1. Spread the seeds of campanula on the surface of wet soil.
    2. Press them lightly and moisten with a spray bottle.
    3. Cover the seed bowl with a transparent bag or plastic lid. Put in a sunny place.
    4. Moisten the plantings daily, air the greenhouse and wipe the condensate that accumulates on the lid.
    5. Seeds hatch very quickly. As soon as the first leaves appear, open the greenhouse and pick out the seedlings in separate cups.

    Seedlings kampanuly very fragile

    Propagation of the bellflower cuttings should be carried out in the fall.

    1. Cut off the shoot with a few leaves. Choose cuttings at the bottom of the flower.
    2. Place the cuttings in a container with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
    3. Put them in clean soft water and wait for the roots to appear.
    4. Prepare the soil for planting rooted cuttings of the campanula, making it from peat and sand (in equal shares).
    5. Plant rooted cuttings to a depth of 3 cm.
    6. Cover plate with foil.
    7. Moisten the planting and spray it with water at room temperature, preventing the soil from drying out.
    8. After 3-4 weeks, the young plants are seated in separate pots.

    Campanula cuttings root quickly enough

    Florists reviews about Campanula

    Campanula is a charming plant that will become a real decoration of your home, bring peace and harmony to it. These cute bells bloom all summer without interruption.

    I am interested in many things. Needlework, gardening, floriculture and cooking are just a few of my hobbies. I constantly discover something new and learn something interesting. She is ready to share all her knowledge with her readers. Rate this article:

    (20 votes, average: 4.4 out of 5)

    Lighting Requirements

    Choosing a place to grow a bell, you should first focus not on the level of illumination, but on the presence of drafts. Even minor drafts from the cracks in the windows can cause the death of the plant.

    To bloom was abundant and long, it is better to choose bright windows, otherwise the plant stems will be weak, the leaves will be small, and there will be no flowers at all.

    The best choice is the east and west windows, on the south windows you should protect the campanula from direct sunlight.

    The bell does not like when he is disturbed and turned the pot around its axis.

    That is why it is better to immediately choose a place where the flower can grow calmly, for example, at the flower stand or in flowerpots. In extreme cases, the pot should be turned very carefully, gradually.

    Seed propagation

    Starting work with the seeds of the campanula, it is necessary to take into account that the planting material is very small - there are up to five thousand seeds per gram. Planting work begins in the spring (March). For planting choose flat dish with a wide neck. A month later, the young plants can be dived into wooden boxes, and a month later, the bells can be planted at a permanent place of cultivation.Already in the second year after landing, Campanula achieves its decorative effect.

    Reproduction with a woody piece of stem

    It is also held in spring or early summer. For rooting, the site of the stem is selected - several internodes located at the very base of the plant, without leaves.

    The cut piece of the stem is placed horizontally on the substrate and is also sprinkled with the substrate on top. Capacity with a plant is located in a greenhouse. After some time, a young plant develops from each internode.

    Reproduction by cuttings

    This is the most successful and easy way to propagate the campanula. To do this, in spring or early summer, shoots from 10 to 20 cm long together with the “heel” should be cut from the mother plant.

    Further, it is important to ensure the rooting of cuttings. The most reliable way of rooting among flower growers is the following: the treatment of cuttings with growth stimulant, which contributes to the early formation of a powerful root system.

    For this purpose are used:

    • Aqueous solutions of low and medium concentration stimulants,
    • Alcohol-based stimulant solutions are most preferred for bells, because cuttings rot in water,
    • A mixture of stimulant with talc or crushed charcoal.

    Handle cuttings should be in a darkened room at a temperature of from +20 to +23 degrees. Then the cuttings are planted and placed in the greenhouse. Greenhouse best put down on the rack for Saintpaulia. The temperature for rooting should not exceed +13 degrees. Every day the tank is ventilated, after three weeks the greenhouse can be opened slightly, and a week later the container with the cuttings should be placed on the window.
    When the cuttings are at a height of 10 cm, you can pinch them, this will give the plant pomp and flowering.

    Campanula flowering period

    The flowering period begins in spring and lasts until October. The flowers are white (female plant), blue, blue and purple (male plants). The flowers are collected in delicate inflorescences - panicle thyroid type no more than 4 cm in diameter. At the end of the flowering period, fruits are formed on the plant - boxes.

    In order to stimulate flowering in the future, it is important:

    • Promptly remove dry buds,
    • Timely trim the branches,
    • Grow in close flowerpot.

    If you put a flower pot on the south window, the plant may bloom again, in winter.

    Tips for competent care for Campanula at home

    Campanula is a plant found in the wild nature of southern Europe, but many species of Campanula have been cultivated and are currently used by growers as ornamental plants. Campanula is a one-year-old and a perennialThere are many varieties of sizes, shapes and colors of these colors.

    But at home, only ravnolistnaya Campanula takes root.

    Location and lighting

    Campanula loves a diffused bright light. It is better to protect the flower from sunlight. It will feel great if it is placed on the west or east window.

    When placed in the southern part of the house, the campanulu must be pritened. If you notice that the leaves of the campanules curl and fade, then most likely this is due to excess sun. If it receives less light, the shoots become elongated, the leaves are at a distance more than usual, and the flower loses its former appearance.

    When there is no way out, and the campanula home needs to be placed on the north window, then it is necessary to organize additional lighting at least up to two hours a day.

    Top dressing of a flower

    Do not forget about dressing. Like any other indoor plant, Campanula needs additional feeding.

    It is worth doing in the period of growth and flowering - in spring and summer. Campanula home will feel great and will delight you with flowering, if you feed it with a special fertilizer for flowering ornamental plants twice a month.

    Transplant: selection of pot and soil

    Some experienced growers recommend relocate campanula only when she is already very closely in the pot - the flower does not like frequent transplants. But nevertheless, you need to transplant a campanula to a larger pot size - this will ensure a comfortable and active growth.

    The soil should be used loose, you can make a mixture or buy ready-made, it consists of sand, humus, peat and leaf earth.

    A transplant consists of the following steps:

    • In the new pot need to make holes if they are missing. Pour a layer of drainage - it can be expanded clay approximately 2-3 cm, depending on the size of the pot.
    • To fill the clay with earth and carefully, without damaging the roots of the plant, transplant it, fill the missing part of the ground.

    Cuttings

    Campanula plants can also be produced reproduction by cuttings. This is the easiest way.

    Stages grafting:

    • Choose a cutting that is suitable for breeding. It is better to take it from the bottom of the plant.
    • Then it should be immediately planted in a mixture of peat and sand, periodically watering.
    • It is advisable to make a greenhouse, covering the pot with a can or transparent polyethylene, sometimes ventilated.
    • When the stalk reaches 10 cm, you need to make a nip that will contribute to the development of lateral shoots.

    Consider how you can grow a campaign from seeds. In this way, you can begin to grow Campanula in early spring.

    The very small size of the seeds ensures that they can be sown in small glasses. Wet soil is placed on the bottom, and the top is dry, the seeds should not be watered - it is better to spray it, so it will be easier for them to germinate. The future plant needs to provide a warm environment, moderate watering and sufficient lighting.

    It is worth replanting a campanula from a cup when the plant has at least three leaves.

    Given the recommendations for growing campanula, you will get a healthy plant that will delight you and those around you with its abundant and beautiful flowering.

    Campanula bloom

    Blooming Campanula - "Bride"

    Kampanula demonstrates a special decorative effect during flowering. The flowers of the plant are shaped like bells, hence the name of the plant - “Campana” means “bell”.

    The flowers of the plant are usually blue or white, collected at the ends of the shoots. With proper care, blooms are plentiful and long-lasting - Campanula blooms all summer.

    The peculiarity of campanula care during flowering is the removal of withered dry inflorescences and leaves. Observance of the “hygiene” of the plant will increase the duration and intensity of flowering.

    Pruning Campanula

    Timely pruning will help form a beautiful lush plant.

    When the plant is dormant, around the end of October - beginning of December, the plant stems can be shortened to 10 - 12 cm. It is possible that after such pruning your plant will bloom if you leave it to winter on a sunny window.

    In early spring, inspect the plant, remove dried stalks and leaves, and once again trim the shoots, leaving about 5 cm in length. The fact is that at the base of the shoots many sleeping buds are hidden, from which with the onset of spring new strong shoots will appear.

    Why does the campanula not bloom?

    1. Perhaps your plant is already old, its life cycle ends. It is necessary to update the flower, planting new cuttings in the pot in spring.
    2. The reason for the lack of abundant flowering can be a lack of light. Just move your campanula to a more sunny place. In summer, bells feel good in the fresh air - on the balcony or in the garden.

    The lack of trace elements can also cause lack of flowers. After all, for flowering plant needs a lot of strength. Feed the plant every two to three weeks with complex fertilizers for flowers. Just do not overdo it, in this case it no longer means "better."

    For fertilizing the campanula, you can use the complex fertilizer for flowering plants "Etisso" or "Kemira-Lux".

    Features of growing

    Campanula belongs to a large family of bells, but at home only two types of breeding are accepted - the campanula is fragile and the campanula is equal leaf.

    Ampel plants are compact, bloom profusely and have long shoots with alternately arranged small rounded leaves with jagged edges. At the end of spring, white flowers appear on an equipolar bell, and on fragile blue flowers.

    Flowering lasts until October-November. Care for the bells is simple, but some features must be considered.

    Campanula in natural conditions grows in the mountains, so the cultivated variety requires light, does not tolerate excessive moisture and fertile soil. Stagnant water is detrimental to this flower. When choosing a soil for planting a campanula, stop on loose earth with limestone.

    Rocky plants are contraindicated active feeding. The desire to “feed” a houseplant to fill it leads to the fact that it begins to wither, stops flowering and may die.

    Landing Campanula

    In flower shops sell plants for industrial distillation. It is impossible to leave flowers in the substrate, since it is not a soil, but a mixture of fibers for hydroponics.

    It is convenient to grow flowers for sale and transportation in this way - twice a day they put “washcloths” in a weak solution of hormones and additional feeding. With this lifestyle, flowers grow fast and thrive, but at home you cannot provide similar care to the campanula.

    The roots, deprived of abundant feeding, dry up quickly, often a plant that is not planted on the ground in time, dies.

    Attention! On condition that the usual humidity is maintained, campanula can live in the factory pot for about a month, but after that it ceases to bloom and loses color. This is an alarm signal - urgent landing is needed.

    Landing methods

    The roots are usually intertwined how tightly that they can not be separated. But the campanula has no central root, so you can cut the root ball into several parts with a knife. Do not remove the granules with fertilizer from the soil, they will not interfere.

    Tip: In nature, campanula grows on rocky soil, so the roots must breathe - pick loose soil. The roots will actively grow, so the flower pot should be spacious, but not deep.

    Dip each part of the plant in a pot with drainage and cover it with loose earth. Water is not too generous, and put on the window sill, so that the flower has a lot of light and air.

    When planting, you can settle a white and a blue flower in one pot - they get along perfectly, and this combination will look spectacular.

    Campanula soil

    The best soil for planting will be loose and breathable weakly alkaline mixture. You can buy ready-made land for flowering plants or independently prepare a mixture of equal proportions:

    • leafy ground
    • peat land
    • humus lands,
    • coarse sand.

    At the bottom of the pot lay battered tiles and do not forget to see if there is a drain hole. A flower will die if water gets stagnant at its roots, so if the pot is whole, perforate it.

    Location and lighting

    Nezhanka campanula absolutely can not tolerate drafts. Do not make a flower pot on the windowsill, if there are gaps in the frames - it will destroy the plant.

    Campanula will delight you with lush flowering only with an abundance of bright light. Stems with a lack of lighting will stretch, the distance between the flowers will increase, and the bells will lose their main charm - filled inflorescences. The direct rays of the sun will not do either, especially on hot days.

    This flower can turn to the light. If you do not provide him equal lighting from all sides, the shape of the bush is deformed.Just do not sharply turn the campanul 180o - so you worsen flowering. Turn the flower gradually. The best option - hanging pots or stand between the windows.

    Air humidity

    The flower is unpretentious to moisture, but in the hot summer or in a heated room it must be sprayed, and a small cool shower will not interfere. Combine hygiene procedures with cleaning dried leaves and flowers, do not let the plant get dusty, and the bells will please you for a long time.

    Attention! Water and spray the flower with soft or settled water at room temperature.

    How to water

    In the spring-summer period of active flowering, the campanule needs regular watering, the soil should not dry out. But overdoing with watering is not worth it, because water, stagnant in the roots and in the pan, will destroy the flower. With the onset of autumn, watering is gradually reduced, preparing the campanula for winter rest. During wintering, watering is drastically reduced to one or two times a month.

    Top dressing and fertilizer of a flower

    Campanula sensitively responds to fertilizing and thanks for new shoots and thickened foliage. Introduce top dressing in the period of active development (spring-autumn) once every two weeks.

    Observe how the campanula reacts to the top dressing, if necessary, reduce the concentration. Organic fertilizers can damage the flower, especially when it is too rich.

    If your campanula is well experiencing top dressing, alternate organic and inorganic fertilizers twice a month. Fertilize one hour after watering.

    Tip! Alkaline (neutral) soil for bells should contain humus. Add lime to the sour mixture.

    This is an important part of caring for bells, because without pruning, flowering in the spring may not occur or will be extremely scarce. Shoots in the fall pruned to a third, and the longest - in half. In early spring or at the end of winter, it is useful to powder the sections with charcoal powder.

    Lignified shoots will not bloom, the flower can be revived to a new life, having a grafting.

    “Groom” and “Bride” are transplanted every spring. The roots of the campanula grow actively, the soil is depleted, so no change in March is necessary. As a soil, you can use the universal store mix or prepare the soil yourself.

    The composition of the soil: equally divided sod, leaf and humus soil, and the same part of the sand. Be sure to drain the bottom of the pot with a drain, sprinkle it with earth.

    Shake off the ground last year's roots gently, place the plant in a pot and fill the ground, lightly squeeze with your fingers and pour water on it.

    Tip! Campanula does not live long - just a couple of years. Therefore, it is advisable to update it annually with new cuttings.

    Leaving after flowering

    In the fall, flowering gradually stops and watering should be reduced. The plant goes into rest. Shorten the shoots to 10 centimeters, remove the flowering inflorescences and find a cool place for a flower pot. In winter, watering a plant is sufficient twice a month. With spring, gradually increase watering, cut dry shoots and move the flower to heat.

    Common varieties of Campanula

    • Campanula blue - "groom" and white - "bride". This is the most beloved florist campanula ravnolistnaya, varieties Maya and Alba. Most effectively this home flower looks in hanging pots.
    • Campanula Carpathian is blue, blue, purple and white. This grade is grown up on personal plots and beds.
    • Campanula Terry - a hybrid variety. The flower is very beautiful, but it hardly takes root at home, feels better in the garden.

    Why does Campanula fade?

    • Lack of light
    • Dry air
    • Wrong watering mode (frequency and amount of moisture are adjusted depending on the time of year),
    • The presence of drafts in the room,
    • Damage by insects or infections.

    Gentle bell requires careful attitude. Sometimes the cause of wilting shoots, leaves and inflorescences can be uncomfortable placement of branches. They should hang freely down, so do not raise shoots up.

    Campanula Care Video

    In indoor floriculture is difficult to find a plant with a long and abundant flowering period. One of these is considered to be a campanula or bell. It is an incredibly tender plant that, with proper care, is able to bloom from early spring until October. In order for the flowering to be long and lush, the flower needs the correct temperature conditions in summer and winter, abundant watering, high humidity, bright, diffused light, nutritious soil and protection from drafts.

    You can also share your campaign care secrets. If you have questions - ask them in the comments below, we will be happy to answer them.

    Useful tips

    • To keep terry campanula in room conditions, reclaim it with a handle. A new plant grown in this way usually takes root much more easily.
    • Fertilize Campanula only during its awakening - in the spring. After the appearance of the first inflorescences, top dressing should be weak, so that the roots do not burn down.
    • Water and spray the plant in the morning or in the evening, otherwise moisture in the sun will burn the leaves.
    • If the leaves curl, remove the pot from the sun's rays in the shade.
    • Too long stems - evidence of insufficient lighting.

    Why does not bloom?

    The bells cease to bloom when there is a shortage of light, and in the overly bright sun the flowers fade and wither. Pay attention to moderate watering.

    It is believed that in the summer of Campanula you can water as much as you like, but the water should have time to evaporate. Drying is detrimental to bells. A signal of a critical moisture deficiency - the earth lags behind the wall of the pot.

    Feed the plant, remove the dried leaves and arrange it in diffused light.

    How is the wintering?

    In the fall, when the bloom ends, you need to reduce watering. Loosen the soil gently and moisten a little, so that it does not peresal.

    Watering the campanula in the winter should be done carefully, over-wetting will lead to the death of the plant, but spraying with lukewarm water should be continued.

    It is undesirable to leave a flower at the heating devices, the best place for wintering is the south window. The optimum temperature is + 15-17 ° C. Shoots after the end of flowering trim by 1/3.

    Appearance

    This decorative ampelous plant for its touching white or blue color in the people became known as the "bride and groom". Flexible graceful shoots create a pillow height of 20 cm or more.

    Bright leaves, located on long petioles, have a heart-shaped rounded shape and give additional openness due to their jagged edges.

    Blooming Kampanula is simply amazing and can not attract the eye. The shape is very modest, resembling bells flowers so abundantly cover the plant, that because of them almost no leaves are visible. Five petals in the form of asterisks are collected in inflorescences, which are placed at the ends of the shoots.

    Their palette ranges from white and blue to bright blue, lilac and lilac. Regardless of the variety of the same requires kampanula care at home.

    The photos of flowers, given in this article, well demonstrate how much this plant justifies one more name - room bell.

    Choosing a Campanula Site

    As with most indoor plants, well-lit places are a favorite for the campanula, so it is preferable to place the flower on the window sill.

    It is better if it is located on the east or west side, since direct sunlight can cause twisting and wilting of the leaves.

    At the same time, even a slight shade leads to the stretching of shoots and loss of decoration.

    Plants with long, hanging branches are best placed on shelves, in hanging pots or on special stands. By carefully observing the appearance of the flower and its state, one can always determine how correctly and comfortably the campanula is located. Care at home for her then will be carried out without any problems.

    Landing rules

    The substrate for the campanula when planting is prepared from leafy ground, turf, sand and peat. It should be a loose, breathable, slightly alkaline mixture. You can purchase ready-made universal substrate in the store.

    A flower pot (even planting a small stalk) must be taken wide and large, because the root system grows very quickly. Immediately after planting it is not necessary to water the plant plentifully. It is enough on the first day just to carry out spraying.

    Annual and perennial varieties

    The indoor form of this plant has an interesting feature - being a grassy perennial, the campanula quickly degenerates, requiring constant transplantation and renewal.

    Therefore, most often grown as an annual. For cultivation for many years, it is necessary to ensure that the plant is home care for a plant that is recommended by experienced growers.

    Particularly important is the cool temperature during the wintering period.

    Since not all varieties are perennial, it is imperative to clarify with the purchase. Then you can grow a flower with the expectation of for many years, stimulating the new flowers with the right care.

    There are among the species of campanula and several hybrids. For example, as a result of the crossing of the Carpathian and spoon-bellied bell, the campanula was obtained as a terry;

    Use in the interior

    Simple at first glance, the bells are widely used in interior design, playing a significant role. They not only attract the eye with a white or blue cloud of their colors, but also perform many other functions.

    A bright spot that creates a flowering accent looks on a calm, modest background, for example, the blue campaign. Care in the home should always provide the correct arrangement of colors to help the plant fulfill the role of a decorative element and decorate the unattractive, empty corners of the room.

    This flower looks great in romantic interiors, and as a decorative design for balconies and window sills.

    Campanula - growing and care at home

    Kompanula - growing this plant at home is one delight, because beauty and fragrance are divinely beautiful! Otherwise, this plant is called: "Bride and Groom" or "shooting stars", previously very common among gardeners, but lately you rarely see it on the window sills of gardeners, perhaps because of the appearance of more exotic plants and because of getting these plants simpler.

    Attention! Campanula absolutely does not tolerate drafts, so it is very important to choose a warm and sunny place.

    Plant care is not difficult, even a novice gardener can handle it. In the people the plant is more known under the name "Groom and Nivest". Groom - with white flowers and the bride with blue.

    How to grow Campanula?

    Flower lovers are always looking for something to replenish their floral range. If you do not yet have a Campanula flower among indoor plants, we advise you to purchase it. This beautiful plant with flowers in the form of bells can grow in both indoor and outdoor conditions.

    Campanula or "bride and groom" - a plant of the bell family, which grew once in areas of southern Europe.Years of breeding work allowed us to bring out many varieties of this flower: today there are perennial and annual varieties, garden and domestic, different in color and shape.

    But still Kampanula pleases the eye with a variety of inflorescences in the form of bells, pleasant lilac and pinkish shades.

    People often call these flowers "bride and groom", and this is no accident: they are very gentle, associated with purity and ease.

    Many florists today when creating a wedding bouquet use it. "The bride and groom" has a good light energy, they say that it is a symbol of family happiness and prosperity.

    Campanula at home

    Among all the varieties of this plant, the ravnivolistnaya kampanula is the most common for keeping at home. What is good about the campaign is that landing and caring for it are quite simple.

    "Bride and Groom" has a lush foliage of muted green. The influence of direct sunlight will immediately burn them.

    • Therefore, it is not recommended to grow a flower on the south side, especially in spring and summer, when the sun is most active.
    • Campanula prefers scattered color, western and eastern windows are perfect for her.
    • Also, if you put the pots on special flower stands, do not put this beauty on the lowest niche, the complete absence of light will not allow the campanula to grow.
    • In addition, in winter (heating season), determine its location away from the batteries. Favorable temperature + 15- +20.

    • Bred in areas of southern Europe, the plant can in principle tolerate drought.
    • But nevertheless it is necessary to water a campanul at least once a week, especially during flowering.

    This flower can not withstand excessive moisture, so it is important to ensure that no water accumulates on the pot tray.

  • As for spraying a plant, it is also not worth “zealous”, when flowers are fastened on it, it is better to cancel spraying at all.
  • CULTIVATION AND REPRODUCTION CAMPANULAS

    It is better to immediately replace the newly acquired Campanula into a large enough pot or pot. The root system of this flower is powerful, it grows quickly and reaches to the edges of the pot. It is necessary to ensure that the plant is not crowded, otherwise its development will stop. The roots of the campanula love to "breathe", so choose loose earth.

    How does the propagation of campanula occur? The plant propagates by seeds and cuttings. Like all other flowers, campanula is best propagated in the fall or spring. During the flowering period it is better to leave it alone.

    • After the "bride and groom" faded, it is necessary to cut off the old inflorescences and foliage.
    • Soon the young leaves will appear on the plant - this is an indication that it functions normally and you can do it in transplant.
    • Young shoots need to cut, put in the water and wait until they give roots.
    • After that, they can be planted in one pot of considerable size.

    It is necessary to fertilize campanula in the spring (during this period it “wakes up” and begins to bloom). When the first fertilizer flowers appear, you must pause and wait for the flowering to stop.
    To restore the power of the plant after that, you can also feed it. In any case, the fertilizer solution must be weak so as not to burn the roots.

    GARDEN CAMPANULA

    But the garden campanula, according to the observations of most gardeners, is a capricious lady.

    There are four types of this plant:

    • Tall plants with large bells of white, pink, blue shades,
    • Captivity - the flowers of this variety have a multi-layered structure, the plant itself is not too high,
    • Dwarf Campanula is a small buds that grow on the ground,
    • Terry - inflorescences and leaves of this species have a terry structure, which allows this campaign to look more voluminous.The bluebells of the terry campanula are more saturated in color, the leaves are often dark green in color.

    There are perennial and annual types of garden campanules.

    Landing is usually carried out in the second half of May, when the earth is already warm enough. To do this, first make a furrow depth of 10-15 cm, if necessary, the ground can be watered and left for a few minutes. After waiting until the moisture is absorbed, you can gently disperse the seeds, the distance should be about 0.5 cm.

    Choosing a place on the garden plot for the campanula, it should be remembered that she does not like drafts very much and will not grow in the shade. Do not forget about care, in particular, watering: you need to water the plant, but still not too plentiful.

    Watering is better in the summer is better in the evening, so that the sun's rays do not burn the leaves in reaction with moisture.

    • The root system of the campanula, as already mentioned, is strong, but still so that the plant can get the necessary moisture and organic matter from the soil, do not plant it near the bushes and trees.
    • Campanula is quite resistant to fungal diseases, but its seeds often become prey for mice.
    • By following these simple rules, you will get cute, pleasant flowers that will delight you throughout the summer.

    Campanula has a wonderful aroma; in the evening, this aroma is revealed even more, wrapping your site with delicate sweet notes. It is said that on the night of the holiday of Ivan Kupala, the chime of the bells of this flower is heard.

    If a campanula appears in your house or front garden, it will immediately transform the interior and fill the atmosphere with tenderness and ease. Caring for an ordinary campanula at home, as well as for many other species of the bell family, is not difficult.

    When creating the necessary conditions and following simple rules, it will delight you with its pretty flowers almost all year round.

    Campanula (Campanula, Campanula) combines more than 280 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants and is a member of the Campanula family (Campanulaceae). Dozens of unpretentious types of campanules are distinguished by their high decorative value and adorn garden beds, lawns in parks, and plots near the curbs.

    Campanula in design

    • Landscape designers create unique compositions using different domesticated types of bells and decorate with these bright colors front gardens, flower gardens, alpine hills (rock gardens), rock arias. The long shoots hanging from the tall vases, covered with flowers of white, lilac, blue, and pink flowers look especially elegant. Falling stalks of campanula with beautiful flowers-bells are often decorated with open terraces, gazebos, balconies. But there are also beautiful decorative varieties of campanules that are perfectly adapted to growing at home.
    • Caring for these unpretentious indoor plants is not at all complicated and does not require increased attention.
    • In this article we have posted photos of home-grown varieties of campanules and useful tips for caring for these decorative bells, which will harmoniously look in an ensemble with other flowering houseplants.

    Campanula (Campanula isophylla), which is usually called the “Bride and Groom” in our country, already had a peak in popularity several decades ago. Then, for some reason, people's love died down and now it is not easy to get the seeds or sprout of this indoor flower. The lovely campanula bells are purple and white. They are often placed in a single flower pot, this composition looks very cute - the mix has been mixed.

    Watch the video: How to Grow Campanula Indoors (October 2019).

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