Crop production

How to make a greenhouse from the bottle

Why do we need a greenhouse from plastic bottles, if today there are a lot of modern materials that allow you to build a good stationary greenhouse for many years?

  • Plastic bottles are a completely free material that forms the basis of the whole structure (walls and roof). About 600 bottles will be needed to assemble the entire greenhouse, and on average we throw at least 30–40 pieces into the garbage every month.
  • This is a real savings, since you only have to buy nails and boards according to the size of the base of the greenhouse, and if you have them in the country, then you will not have to buy anything.
  • Strange as it may seem, it will sound, but such a “bottle-shaped” greenhouse will be sufficiently strong, stable and durable, since such bottles have a service life of 30 times longer than the plastic film.
  • The greenhouse of the bottles has excellent thermal insulation qualities and this is due to the “thermos effect”, which is created by the hollow inner parts of the bottles.
  • As many gardeners say, even for early spring planting there is no need to additionally heat the greenhouse (depending on the region of the country).
  • Lightweight construction (such beer or lemonade bottles are even much lighter than polyethylene).
  • The speed of construction (if there are several assistants, then the greenhouse can be built in one day).
  • Plastic bottles perfectly withstand large gusts of wind, rain, snow and hail (if you did everything correctly and well strengthened the structure on the base during the construction of the greenhouse).

The disadvantage of this design can only be called the fact that you have to collect bottles for a long time, then wash them and remove all labels. But if you start collecting them in the fall, then a sufficient amount will be collected during the winter.

Preparation for construction: drawings, diagrams and dimensions

You can build a greenhouse very quickly, knowing all the technology and accurately observing the entire list of requirements.

Especially you will not have to make a project, because here you only need to specify three parameters: the height, width and length of the structure, as well as the frequency of construction of supporting structures, the shape of the roof and other nuances.

Knowing all the sizes, you can create your own drawing yourself, and your greenhouse will be special.

We will make a greenhouse of 3x4x2.4 meters with a gable roof.

  • First you need to prepare the required number of bottles in the amount of 600 pieces 1.5 or 2-liter. It must be remembered that for the device of the southern wall it is better to use only transparent white bottles, and for the northern wall it is possible to take multi-colored bottles with some transparent ones.
  • All bottles must be washed and cleaned of labels.
  • Next, you should prepare the area for the construction of a greenhouse. Summer residents know that the greenhouse is being built from the south, southeast, or from the southwest from the main residential buildings in order to have good lighting inside the building, as well as to protect it from the cold northerly winds. But if the territory does not allow to put the building as it should be, then you can put it in an open area, only then you have to correctly position the beds inside the room.
  • Next, you need to clear the area of ​​debris, excess grass and smooth it well, focusing on the future size of the perimeter of the whole structure.

Features of greenhouses from bottles

Technologically made greenhouse from ordinary bottles is not inferior to other facilities of this type. This is due to the following:

    Enclosing structures built from this material perfectly retain heat due to the air enclosed in a glass or plastic shell. By itself, it is an excellent heat insulator.

The ability of the bottle material to transmit light is slightly lower than that of ordinary glass.Therefore, in such a greenhouse it is scattered, so that the plants do not fall under the direct influence of sunlight, which favorably affects their growth.

  • The cost of the greenhouse from the bottles can not be high, as it is made from the improvised material using ordinary household tools.

  • The amount of light entering the greenhouse can be adjusted by combining the location of the dark and transparent containers in the wall structure. Such an assembly is a fascinating activity that does not require much experience and even the beginners in the construction of greenhouses.

    In addition, the manufacture of such structures is a secondary use of plastic or glass containers, that is, the task of the future, which today is very relevant to preserve the ecology of the entire planet.

    Bottle selection, tips on choosing

    Choose the bottle should be the same size and preferably the same in their design features. Two-liter beer or lemonade bottles are perfect for building a greenhouse. And you can take a half liter bottles of mineral water.

    In principle, the choice is yours, but it is only necessary to remember that the larger the volume of the bottle, the thicker the walls you will have, and the better they will retain heat inside the greenhouse, which in principle is the main task of this structure and its main purpose.

    Cut-out greenhouse

    We will slightly change the way of building a greenhouse from plastic bottles, and now we will make a greenhouse of the same size, but only from rectangular plates cut from our “waste”.

    1. Cut the top and bottom of the bottle and leave one “middle”. Cut it and get a rectangle.
    2. We make enough of such rectangles, and then sew them together with a fishing line, wire or cord thread. To do this, they usually take an awl and make holes around the perimeter of the plate, retreating a certain distance from the edge, and sew everything manually. But you can use a sewing machine and just stitch all the squares (if, of course, you have a good powerful machine that can stitch plastic). Only need to flash overlap.
    3. The canvas should now be attached to the frame of the greenhouse. To do this, we impose it on the base and press it with a lath, and then nail it down or fasten it with screws. Then we stretch the canvas well and in the same way we nail it all the way around (that is, from all sides).

    Tips for summer residents

    • If you do not have enough bottles to create a greenhouse, then you can always ask them from your neighbors or buy them at reception points.
    • But in order for you to have enough of them, it’s best to start collecting from the end of summer, and next spring you will have enough, and you can keep them at your dacha, and no one will steal them.
    • It is possible to fasten the plates not only with a fishing line or thread, but also with the help of fire, slightly melting the edges and gluing them together. But this is not a very convenient way, because you can not calculate and strongly melt the plastic, or you get a hole.
    • For greater strength of the walls, it is possible to tighten the grid of wire or nylon filaments from two sides, and you can also make a metal thin sheathing.
    • If you do not want to make a bottle roof, as it will leak anyway, then you can always make it from plastic wrap. And if it breaks through, then next year you will be able to change it, since it costs mere pennies.
    • If you do not want to make the door of the bottle, then you can just stretch the film on the frame. We make a rectangular frame and two lintels on a diagonal so that it does not tilt, and then we stretch the film on it and with the help of the rails we nail it into a good tension.
    • If desired, and if possible, instead of a fishing line or a kapron thread, thin and durable bamboo sticks of the same length can be used to collect the posts, and believe me, this design will be more durable and reliable. Also, there will be no need to make even a batten.

    "Video: Australian schoolchildren built their own greenhouse

    Make a greenhouse out of plastic bottles in your cottage in any of the above ways, and you will never regret it. You will get a solid, durable, energy-saving and inexpensive construction that will help you grow your most beloved and healthy fruits and vegetables for the whole family, and most importantly, for your young children.

    Advantages and disadvantages of greenhouses from bottles

    These facilities can be made from whole bottles or bottled sheets, as far as plastic containers are concerned.

    Compared to fragile greenhouse film and fragile glass, the greenhouse coating of bottles benefits in many ways:

      The greenhouse of the bottles will not destroy the gusts of wind and snow load - it is resistant to external influences.

    Bottles - durable material. Therefore, the greenhouse of them can serve their owners for more than one year. The individual parts of such a structure, if damaged, can be easily replaced without general dismantling of the structure.

    Warm air, heated by the sun in bottles, is able to maintain a comfortable temperature for a long time in a building made of this material.

  • For the construction of plastic utensils do not need a capital foundation due to the low weight of products.

  • If the walls of such a structure are made of glass bottles, the supporting structure for it should be more powerful. Indeed, in this case approximately 150 pieces of such containers will be required for 1 m 2 of enclosing structures. Therefore, the total weight of the glass greenhouse will be very solid. From here and necessity of construction under it the high-grade base.

    But in this structure will be warmer than in any other, due to the ability of glass containers to keep the heated air. In this case, the heating system of the greenhouse may not be required in the autumn-winter period - a positive temperature in it is guaranteed. And if the multi-colored bottles in the walls are also laid out with ornaments, the greenhouse will come out not only beautiful, but also original.

    The only drawback of the construction of plastic or glass containers can be called a lot of time required during the collection and preparation of the material. For the manufacture of structures of medium size you need to have 600-2000 bottles. And this is a lot, especially when plastic containers have to be cut and stitched into cloth.

    Bottle greenhouse design

    In the construction of greenhouses from scrap materials, as in any other case, has its own nuances, as well as the need for a phased conduct of work. The first step in this process should be the selection of a site for construction.

    It is recommended to place a greenhouse from bottles on the south side of the site in an open, illuminated place, but outside the zone of the prevailing winds. Near the building there should be no tall trees, fences and everything that can shade a greenhouse for a long time.

    For its construction should choose a dry area. The aquifer of soil in this place should lie at a depth of more than one and a half meters. Excess moisture is contraindicated for greenhouse plants.

    After determining the place you need to consider the dimensions of the structure and draw up its drawing. It is recommended to make a greenhouse from bottles in length not less than 1.5 m with a width of 1.5-2 m. The height of the structure should be 2 m or more. The drawing should indicate the location of the supporting elements of the frame, the roof, the dimensions and the installation location of the doors. After making a visual scheme with dimensions, you can proceed to the next stage of work.

    Preparatory work

    Before you make a greenhouse out of plastic bottles, you should thoroughly prepare a platform for it: remove the vegetative layer of soil, level the area and make a breakdown of the structure perimeter on it with the help of pegs, cord, hammer and tape measure. In addition to them, you will need a bar and scissors, nails and an awl, nylon thread, wooden slats, screws, a screwdriver and a construction level.

    Walls will need to collect the required number of plastic bottles with a capacity of 1.5-2 liters. It is desirable that their shape and volume were the same. Remove the labels from all bottles, then rinse and dry the container.

    When collecting plastic containers should be aware that transparent white products have an ideal bandwidth for sunlight. Therefore, they are more suitable for greenhouse walls. Dark packaging is recommended for creating ornaments or assembling the corner elements of a structure.

    Due to the fact that the plastic greenhouse does not differ in large weight, it does not need a massive foundation. As a basis, you can use a bar of 100x100 mm, impregnated with an antiseptic, or slag blocks laid in a row, poured with cement mortar for strength.

    Frame assembly

    To assemble the greenhouse frame, one or two assistants will be needed, since its wooden parts will have to be periodically maintained during installation, connecting them into a “paw” or overlap with screws and metal corners.

    In general, the process looks like this:

      To the base of the bar 100x100 mm, laid instead of the foundation, you need to attach the vertical posts, and then run on them two straps - upper and lower. Step racks should be taken at least 1 m.

    Frame racks need to be covered with nylon thread in several rows with a step of 30-40 cm between them so that these distances are enough to accommodate the bottle posts.

  • Make a roof frame from a timber.

  • After performing these works, you can proceed to the formation of the walls of the bottles.

    Wall construction

    For the manufacture of walls of whole plastic bottles with them, you must first cut the bottom of the level of the lower belt, so that the two blanks can be vertically connected to each other. The plugs need to be removed, and the finished cylinders are strung on a thread so that the pipe is of the required height in accordance with the size of the frame. At the same time it is important to tightly press the bottle strips to eliminate gaps between them.

    To ensure the structural strength of the wall parts can be wrapped with transparent tape. Extreme rows should be fastened with screws to the frame posts. The finished wall must be reinforced horizontally with rails in several places at once.

    The wall can be assembled directly on a frame or in a separate place, stringing blanks on a strong plastic rod.

    The arrangement of the rows in the wall of the frame is most often vertical, but they can also be laid out in the horizontal direction. Doors of such greenhouses are made of plastic bottles in the same way.

    You can also use cut plates made of plastic bottles for plating. Such work takes much more time and requires a lot of material. To cover a small greenhouse, you may need about 5,000 blanks, but it is believed that such a structure is lighter and stronger.

    Make it trim like this:

      From the two-liter bottles to cut the bottom and neck.

    The resulting cylinder cut lengthwise to obtain a billet in the shape of a rectangle. In order to make it flat, you need to iron the plastic with an iron or put it unfolded under a press.

    With the help of sewing in each formed rectangle to make holes, and then through them with a line to sew parts, placing them overlap. The result of the work should be a plastic canvas with a size corresponding to the dimensions of the building wall.

  • Attach its edge to the bars of the upper trim of the frame and fix it with nails with a thin batten. After that, pull the canvas and fix the remaining three edges on the wall of the greenhouse. All other sides of the structure and frame of the roof are sheathed similarly.

  • For the strength of the wall greenhouses can be crushed crosswise with slats in several places.

    Roof installation

    For her, the columns of the blanks need to be collected in advance. It would be better if the parts are strung on a rigid rod or rail.It is important that the roof is strong, as it is more exposed to snow load than other structures.

    Work should be done in this order:

      From plastic blanks to make rows of 30-40 cm long, putting them on rods or slats,

    Fix the posts on the wooden parts of the roof with nails,

  • Finished parts of the construction wrap tape for durability.

  • To reduce the humidity in the greenhouse, its roof can be covered with polyethylene, fixing it on the bars with straps.

    Technology installation of a glasshouse of glass bottles

    A beautiful greenhouse is also easy to make from glass bottles. For many years such a structure can serve. Its construction will go slowly, but its result is worth the time and effort spent - it is very warm in such a greenhouse.

    Before you make this greenhouse from the bottles with your own hands, you will have to collect a considerable amount of glass containers. It is desirable that all products have the same shape and length. Remove the labels from the bottles, clean the container from the glue and dry it. At the time of work, the bottle necks should be closed with plugs to prevent dirt from getting into them.

    With the shape and dimensions of the roof of the greenhouse you need to decide in advance. If it is sloping and not hipped, one wall of the structure should be higher than the others.

    In construction there are no special difficulties, but it is important to perform the work in the prescribed sequence. Due to the fact that the construction of glass will have a solid weight, without a strong foundation is not enough. For its device, you need to install a formwork, lower the reinforcement into it, pour M400 concrete and level its surface with the rule in the horizontal plane. After the concrete has hardened, a framework for a greenhouse can be installed on the foundation.

    It is made of metal shaped pipes, wood or building bricks. The supporting posts of the frame must be arranged in increments of 1 m relative to each other. It is important to pre-designate the location of the door, window openings and pillows.

    After completion of the work on the frame, its walls can be filled with glass containers. Bottles in the clutch need to have a neck inside and in a checkerboard pattern. As a binder composition, you can use a cement-lime mixture. After laying out each row, you should wait a bit - the solution should grab a little.

    As the stacking of the bottle rows, the surface of the glass products must be cleaned of the cement composition. If it seizes well, it will be very difficult to clean the bottoms, the transparency of which depends on the amount of light and the comfortable temperature in the greenhouse.

    After finishing the laying of the walls, you need to wait for the final polymerization of the building mixture and only then engage in the manufacture of doors, windows and a roof device, for which polycarbonate will be the best material in this case.

    How to make a greenhouse from the bottle - see the video:

    The advantages of plastic bottles

    Why are we talking about plastic bottles? After all, you can build a greenhouse and wood or metal, lined with foil. But the whole thing is in the advantages that are inherent in the material. Let's consider them so that you can be convinced of the expediency of building a greenhouse made of plastic:

    1. High level of durability. In contrast to the greenhouse film, which often sheathes greenhouses, the bottle looks much more impressive. Yes, and in comparison with glass, it is non-fragile and will not break. And still the plastic bottle will not burn out under the influence of UF of rays, will not tear and will not burst under the weight of a thickness of snow.
    2. The material has excellent light transmittance, which is so important for greenhouses. You just need to pick up transparent plastic bottles. Due to this, the plants will receive light, but not simple, but in a scattered state. And when using brown or green bottles, you can adjust the amount of light coming in, obscuring some areas. It's all about your tasks.
    3. Good insulation is important for greenhouses. Bottles are able to provide it, because inside they have a layer of air that retains heat inside the structure. You can even frame the casing in two layers to ensure the highest quality of heat saving.
    4. Low cost of the finished project. You do not have to spend money to buy plastic containers for the greenhouse. You can collect the required number of products. After all, almost everyone throws them away. You can ask your relatives and friends not to do this, but to collect raw materials and give them to you. Indeed, every week is thrown quite a lot of products. After a few months you will have enough free material. Therefore, the cost is just scanty.
    5. Ecological purity. Not only is the material itself not harmful to health, you will also clean the environment. For the construction will need bottles, boards, packing crates to create a frame. And for the foundation fit car tires.
    6. Ease of processing. No special skills or tools are needed to work with the bottles. Even a child can handle it.

    There is only one snag that can scare you. We are talking about the number of these very bottles. Depending on the size of the greenhouse, it will take from 600 to 2000 pcs. plastic container. The preparation is thorough, but realistic. Need only time and friendly neighbors. Otherwise, it takes time, a little effort and desire. With a set of all this, you can make a greenhouse.

    How to make a greenhouse

    Our greenhouse will be covered with plastic bottles. The frame itself is made of durable materials to hold the walls and roof. Before you get to work, you need to stock up on these bottles themselves. In general, the average greenhouse you need about 1000 pcs of plastic bottles. Each of them should be prepared. How? Let's find out.

    Preliminary preparation of bottles for plating

    First sort the bottles according to their displacement and color. Ideally, use a flat transparent bottle, a light or brown shade. Their volume is 2-3 liters. Labels on the container should not be, remove them. And in order to remove the remnants of glue on plastic, it is required to soak the products in a soap solution. Then the bottles will be clean and suitable for work.

    The next stage is to construct plastic walls. In this article we will look at two options for creating a greenhouse:

    • from a continuous cloth of plastic,
    • from whole plastic bottles.

    You can choose the one you like the most. So, let's start by creating a canvas for the greenhouse.

    Plastic linen greenhouse

    It all starts with bottle cutting. Your task is to cut the bottom and neck of the bottle, since we will not need them, and cut the resulting cylinder along one side. So you get a semblance of a rectangle from a plastic bottle. This is only a small part of the whole structure, like a brick in a masonry.

    Since the blanks will be curled, they can be put under some kind. During the time you process the rest of the bottles, each piece will level out. The next step is to sew the resulting plates. This is done overlap, using a sewing machine. Created narrow strips of plastic. Overlaps must be created in one direction. To make the connection durable, we recommend using a nylon thread of medium thickness.

    The resulting strips must have a length identical to the height of the greenhouse, plus a margin of 20 cm to complete the hem. The resulting narrow strips need to be stitched into one solid blank or canvas. This is a kind of film, only denser and cheaper. The width of the canvas may be identical to the gap between the supports (frame) or large to completely wrap the greenhouse around the perimeter. You decide.

    To create a roof, you can use slate made from the same bottles. He, too, should be prepared in advance.Your task is to divide the resulting cylinder (without bottom and neck) into two parts. Further, these parts are held together with each other, creating a wave. This process of creating slate bottles you can see in the photo.

    Frame making and trimming

    The creation of the frame begins with the foundation. But, since the bottles have a small weight, like wooden elements of the frame, the foundation may be shallow. Sufficiently shallow strip foundation. And it is possible to fill the perimeter of the structure with old tires. They are dropped in half and forgotten by gravel.

    Even when building the foundation, you can dig holes under the supporting pillars. Their depth is 50-60 cm at the height of the greenhouse up to 2 m. After that, the supporting pillars are strengthened by strapping, additional bridges and wind connection. Fixation is performed with simple nails or, better, with self-tapping screws. At the same stage, the frame for the front door and windows is mounted. It is imperative to saturate the tree with linseed oil to protect it from rotting. As an option, you can use this design, laid on strong bars.

    That's all, now you can do trim the frame. Better if someone helps you. Fixation of plastic cloths to the tree is done by screws under thin strips. Make sure that the trim is well stretched, but do not overdo it, in order to avoid deformation of the seams. In conclusion, glue the joints with construction tape, making the greenhouse of plastic bottles sealed. Top seam allowance (those 20 cm) bend around the beam and lock from the inside. The bottom is fixed to the foundation.

    It remains only to put the roof. Use a pre-made slate. In the photo below you can see another version of the greenhouse from a continuous sheet. As you can see, her appearance is very decent.

    Greenhouses plastic bottles master class

    We considered one option to create a greenhouse of plastic containers. It is more difficult and costly in time and power. There is a simpler option. In this case, the bottles do not need to be cut. Here are the detailed instructions for creating:

    1. The foundation and the frame is created on the same principle as at the beginning. Only here the frame should consist of corner beams, lower and upper trim. The walls will serve as reinforcing bars on which the products are mounted. As for the diameter of the fittings, the rod should fit tightly in the neck of the bottle. And the length of the rod - 10 cm more than the height of the frame. To attach the plastic container to the rod, in the bottom should make a hole identical to the neck.
    2. But the subsequent bottles should be cut only the bottom, tightly putting them on each other. You can see this in the photo.
    3. The bars of the reinforcement are fixed to the frame from above and below with self-tapping screws.
    4. The remaining blanks are collected on the same principle.
    5. Columns of plastic containers are tightly pressed to each other so as not to form gaps.

    The roof can also be assembled on the same principle. And in order to perform waterproofing, a film creeps under the bottles. Inside the gap they caulk, to protect the plants from the wind.

    Strange choice? Far from it

    Plastic bottles are made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET). It is absolutely neutral and suitable for drinking liquids.

    Plastic bottles are an inexhaustible storehouse for various handicrafts, single bottles are used as flower pots and tiny greenhouse plants for seedlings. Drain pipes are made from a large number of them. And sometimes - a serious engineering structure: deep drainage on the site. Our "Kulibins" went ahead and invented a new use for bottles: fences and hotbeds. Especially since there are a lot of empty bottles at all, and you can always ask your friends and neighbors to throw more.

    Application options for plastic bottles (photo gallery)

    The greenhouse of the bottles is durable, strong, easy to assemble, does not require care, is incredibly cheap, it is easy to replace the components in it. And most importantly - it is much warmer "competitors".Because everyone knows from the school physics course: air is the best heat insulator, and the bottles create a thermos effect.

    There is simply no warmer than such a greenhouse. Experienced gardeners assure: for early sowing and growing seedlings even in the cold, there is no need to additionally heat the greenhouse from the bottles from the inside.

    Now we define: how do we call the future structure.

    Greenhouse or greenhouse?

    Both in everyday life and in print there is still confusion, they are too similar in construction and tasks. And here, and there - the base of the frames and the coating, which transmits ultraviolet light and does not let the cold through.

    Greenhouse - protection for beds of a semi-circular cross-section, often - a very long construction, and always - low. Made of metal and plastic pipes or wooden slats. But often equal lengths of plastic pipes or metal fittings are simply stuck into the ground. The greenhouse is covered, as a rule, with a light film that simply leans back in warm weather or for the care of plants.

    Greenhouse - more capital and high construction. You can go there in full growth. The frame of the greenhouses is made of wood, metal pipes, metal corners, plastic pipes of different composition and quality and, finally, the whole greenhouse can be made of pre-fabricated aluminum double-glazed windows such as window. To protect against rain and snow, cold and wind, the frame is covered with polyethylene film, reinforced polyethylene film, bubble film, non-woven materials, cellular polycarbonate and even glass.

    Having weighed everything, we will still call our building a “greenhouse”, despite the capital framework.

    Plastic bottles as a material: advantages and disadvantages

    • durability: it is clear that plastic bottles do not wear out, a fungus does not start on them, and in the case of a defect, it is enough just to replace the bottle or two,
    • accessibility: a greenhouse made of plastic bottles is cheaper than any other possible material;
    • the ease and simplicity of making a greenhouse from bottles: you do not need to be a super ace in construction,
    • the ability to make bottles of any design of a greenhouse: a house, lean-to, arched and so on,
    • the ease of installing a greenhouse anywhere in the garden-garden and transfer to this place indiscriminately into components,
    • universality: a greenhouse from bottles is suitable for a lot of tasks, from growing seedlings to keeping thermophilic plants during the cold season,
    • temperature stability (bottles withstand decent temperature drops from -50 to + 130 ° С and do not heat up),
    • environmental friendliness: the material of the bottles is chemically neutral and harmless to humans, land and plants,
    • beauty: you can choose the color of the bottles in such a way that the greenhouse becomes a real work of art.

    Only two disadvantages:

    • it is quite difficult to collect the required quantity (minimum 300–400) of bottles for a greenhouse,
    • it is quite difficult to find time for painstakingly assembling a greenhouse from bottles.

    Preparation for construction in general

    First of all, we need to understand what size greenhouse we need. Given the complexity of collecting components, you do not need to do it too big.

    Let our construction be on a wooden base, in the form of the most primitive small house. We accept the dimensions of the base 2x3 meters, the height of the greenhouse walls - 2 meters, the height of the ridge - 1 meter.

    We draw a drawing by hand, set the size and estimate how much timber, slats, screws and corners we need to buy.

    A greenhouse sketch, whipped up in a hurry

    For the frame, we need a thin pine timber 40x40x6000 mm.

    For its connection in the design - metal corners.

    For connecting bottles into pipes - thin wooden slats 20x20x3000 mm.

    To fix the parallelism of the walls - coil three thick fishing line.

    For covering the roof - a piece of tubular film.

    When we calculate the required amount of materials, we will be pleasantly surprised by the low cost of our project.It is ridiculous, but not even a timber will be the most expensive, but the rail needed to thread into the bottle “tubes” to create stiffeners. in fact, you can do without the rails, or thread a wire or wire into the “pipes”. And the bottles will not cost anything at all - except for the efforts to collect a sufficient number of them.

    Preparing Bottles

    1. It is necessary to collect about four hundred two-liter bottles. White plastic (bottles for water) better passes UV. And to decorate the structure, you can pick up a certain number of bottles of a different color: blue (from soda water), green (bottles for drinks) and brown (bottles for beer). In fact, bottles come in all colors of the rainbow. But massively (to get the right amount) only these four are produced.

    Of these, with some effort, you can create beautiful ornamented greenhouse walls.

    The advantages of greenhouses from plastic bottles

    Greenhouses and greenhouses from plastic bottles have obvious advantages:

    • High strength. This material is much stronger than the usual greenhouse film and not as fragile as glass. Plastic will not burn out in the sun, will not tear due to accidental scratches and will not crumble under the weight of snow.
    • Good light transmittance. Transparent plastic transmits all the spectrum of light needed by plants and at the same time scatters direct sunlight. The use of brown and green containers allows you to adjust the spectrum in accordance with the current tasks - to shade, if the plants are strongly drawn, to stimulate flowering or to speed up fruiting.
    • Good thermal insulation qualities. In uncut bottles, an air gap is formed, which contributes to the preservation of heat in the room. When building a shelter made of plastic blanks, the heat-insulating properties are somewhat worse, but you can always sheathe the skeleton with two layers of plastic.
    • Very low construction cost. PET tanks do not need to buy. You can collect the necessary amount of packaging for construction on your own - count how many bottles you throw out every week? And if you connect the neighbors, relatives, agree with the cafe that you will pick up unnecessary plastic, then in three or four months you will have the necessary amount of building material.
    • Environmental friendliness. The use of recycled materials for construction (bottles for walls and roofs, boards from pallets or packing crates - for the frame, old car tires - for the foundation) allows us to make the world cleaner.

    The only drawback of building a greenhouse with your own hands from plastic bottles can be called the fact that it will take some time to prepare all the material - to trim the frame with uncut packaging you need to collect from 600 to 2,000 pieces.

    Approximately the same amount will be required for plating plates. You will also have to spend some time processing the packaging and stitching pieces into a cloth.

    Master classes on the construction of greenhouses from plastic bottles with their own hands and new ideas

    Plastic bottles are not just convenient containers. It is also practically universal building material. In the dacha farm, irrigation systems, garden crafts, bed borders and cups for seedlings make of them, but that's not all! Artists build greenhouses and even full-fledged greenhouses from this household waste.

    Bottle greenhouse is the cheapest option.

    Preliminary material preparation for plating

    First you need to calibrate the container in color and size. For plates, it is better to take a flat transparent light and brown bottles of 2-3 liters.

    Labels must be removed and containers should be soaked in a soap solution to wash off traces of glue, as the plates must be clean. Then you can begin to sew a plastic sheet. The washed container should be cut - cut the top and bottom of the bottle into strips and cut the resulting cylinder along the side seam.Workpieces can be put under a press so that they align, but you can stitch it like that.

    Bottle Plate Preparation

    Prepared plates sew overlapped with a sewing machine in narrow strips. All overlaps must go in the same direction. For sewing it is better to take kapron threads of medium thickness. Sometimes blanks are connected with a construction stapler or sewn by hand with a fishing line, but such methods are more expensive, besides, the fishing line can cut through plastic. The length of the strip is equal to the height of the greenhouse + 20 cm per hem.

    First, sew a narrow canvas

    Narrow strips sew in a continuous canvas. The width of the canvas can be made equal to the gaps between the uprights of the frame. And you can immediately sew a very long canvas and "wrap" the frame around the perimeter. Such a canvas is more difficult to work with, and it is inconvenient for trapezoidal frameworks, but on even walls there are fewer joints and it is easier to seal the casing.

    Wide plastic bottle cloth

    To overlap the roof, you can prepare a "slate" of PET bottles. Preliminary preparation of the container is the same as for the cloth. At the stage of cutting the cylinder must be folded in half and cut along the fold lines, you will get two parts. Under the press they do not need to be placed. Sew them into a narrow canvas in the form of a wave - one half of the arc down, the second - up, then "collect" sheets of slate.

    Bottle "slate" - manufacturing steps

    Mounting frame and wall cladding

    It is better to build a greenhouse from bottles at the end of the summer or in the autumn, so that from early spring indoors you can grow seedlings and prepare beds for early crops.

    The construction of the bottle plastic is not heavy, especially if you make the frame of wood, so you should not pour a deep, solid foundation.

    You can prepare a ribbon concrete foundation 15–20 cm deep or use old tires for the foundation, which you need to prikopat half of the frame perimeter or across the entire greenhouse area and tightly clogged with gravel or a mixture of sand and clay. Under the bottom trim of the frame you need to lay a waterproofing.

    Old tires foundation

    For the frame, even when laying the foundation, they put in the main carriers. Under the beam they make pits about half a meter deep, if the height of the greenhouse is planned to be above two meters, then the depth is better to increase.

    Then, the harness, additional jumpers and wind connection are mounted on carriers. All parts can be fastened with screws or nails. Immediately installed and frames for doors and vents.

    After installation, wooden parts need to be impregnated with varnish or painted.

    The frame is ready for trimming

    To sheathe the finished frame is better together. Attach a plastic panel to the frame, you can use screws and thin strips.

    An important detail is that the trim should be well tightened, but not overdone so that the seams do not deform. After the plastic is attached, the joints need to be glued with building tape.

    From above allow the bend around the slats, attach from the inside, and attach the lower allowance to the foundation.

    The walls of the greenhouse are sheathed with plastic bottle

    The roof can be covered with the same cloth or made “slate” from PET bottles. In case of paneling, care should be taken to prevent the formation of joints that may be exposed to water. Under the plastic sheet or PET on the slate, you can pass the film.

    Ready hothouse from bottle plates

    How to build a greenhouse from plastic bottles

    If you are thinking about how to make a greenhouse with plastic bottles with your own hands, then you immediately need to prepare a place to store containers - after all, such a structure will need about 2000 bottles.

    In addition, you need to prepare wooden strips for the frame and reinforcement (plastic, metal or wood) for stringing blanks.

    The main stages of construction are the same as in the previous version:

    • preparation of materials
    • foundation casting
    • frame installation,
    • sheathing walls and ceiling.

    The difference lies in the method of covering walls and roofs.The frame can be immediately built under the frame, and the frames themselves can be assembled and sheathed separately and then installed. And you can immediately sheathe the finished frame.

    Bottles for greenhouse paneling

    The process itself looks like this:

    1. Place the first bottle on the reinforcement (the diameter of the reinforcement is better to choose so that it fits tightly through the neck, the stem is 10 cm longer than the frame height, a hole must be cut through the center of the bottom of the lower bottle).
    2. In the second and all subsequent bottles, cut the bottom and tightly onto the previous one (the rod goes through all the blanks and additionally fixes the column).
    3. The top bottle is cut differently - they cut the narrow part with a thread, cut a hole in the center of the bottom and put it on the previous one.
    4. Fix the armature from above and below on the frame with self-tapping screws.
    5. So going to the rest of the workpiece.
    6. Bottle columns need to tightly press to each other, so there are less cracks.

    Plastic bottles retain heat well and let in light

    The roof can also be assembled from whole bottles or sheathed with plastic bottle. Frames for the roof make it easier on the ground, and then fasten to the frame. For waterproofing under the bottle you can make a film layer.

    Additionally, the posts are fixed in the frames with wire or slats.

    Arched glass plastic bottle

    Cucumbers grow well in a plastic bottle greenhouse

    The easiest option is to build an arched greenhouse right on the garden and to cover it with bottle plastic.

    The sequence of actions for mounting a greenhouse is as follows:

    1. Prepare and cut about 500 PET bottles.
    2. Sew a long canvas from blanks (the width of the canvas is equal to the arch perimeter plus 50 cm, half a meter longer than the greenhouse).
    3. Prepare two webs for the narrow sides of the greenhouse (in width and height of the side plus 20 cm for hem).
    4. Install an arch of plastic or galvanized profile on the bed.
    5. Secure the panels on the narrow sides of the greenhouse.
    6. Cover the arches with plastic and fasten the cloth on the ground on one long side (you can sprinkle the edge with earth, or press them with bottles filled with sand or water).

    Simple mini-greenhouses from plastic bottles

    In addition to large structures, summer residents often use mini-greenhouses from plastic bottles for growing seedlings and protecting young plants.

    Making them is very simple - just cut the bottom and just cover the plant with a cap.

    The lid is not needed to be thrown away - it serves as a kind of “window leaf”, which, if necessary, is opened for airing and hardening the seedlings. For such mini-greenhouses it is better to take a container with a volume of 3-8 liters.

    Growing seedlings under bottles

    Also from the bottles turn out comfortable greenhouses for growing seedlings in the apartment. The tank is cut in half, in the lower part, several holes are drilled or burned for drainage. Then, in the resulting “glass”, soil is poured and seeds are sown. The top part with a thread is dressed from above as a cap. The cover is unscrewed for ventilation and closed if necessary.

    Bottle greenhouse on the windowsill

    As you can see, plastic bottles in skilled hands can get a “second life” as a building material in country houses and kitchen gardens. Such material is practically worthless, and the efficiency of greenhouses and greenhouses built with its use is in no way inferior to glass and polycarbonate structures. The main thing - just collect a sufficient amount of packaging and select the appropriate design.

    DIY greenhouse plastic bottle making is cheap and convenient

    Greenhouses with their own hands from plastic bottles - a real opportunity to get a triple benefit. First, you will find the use of spent polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the recycling of which is now a pressing global problem.

    Secondly, get a universal greenhouse or greenhouse for any plants.And, thirdly, spend a minimum of cash, because for the construction will only need materials at hand.

    In addition, on the site, such a building looks decorative and colorful, especially if you take bottles of different colors.

    Greenhouse from multi-colored plastic bottles

    Advantages of greenhouses from plastic bottles ↑

    At first, a greenhouse made of plastic bottles may seem unreliable and not very useful construction, but practice shows the fallacy of this opinion:

    • Plastic, as both light and durable material, serves for several seasons without fear of winds and precipitation.
    • The insulating qualities of the bottles are quite high due to internal voids. The properties of this design are similar to cellular polycarbonate.
    • PET packaging perfectly transmits light. The amount of incoming light can be easily adjusted by combining transparent and darkened containers.
    • Assembling a greenhouse or greenhouse from plastic bottles with your own hands is an exciting activity that does not require special skills, for which only ordinary tools are needed.

    In addition, recycling of plastic is the task of the future, which allows us to keep the ecological situation on our planet stable and finally clean all streets, parks and water bodies from ubiquitous garbage.

    Interior view of a greenhouse from the bottle

    General recommendations for "bottle" construction ↑

    For novice builders, there are a couple of simple but effective tips on how to make a greenhouse with plastic bottles with your own hands as quickly and successfully as possible:

    • The collection of bottles to begin in advance, given the fact that the average family uses about 30 pieces per month.
    • Rinse and dry thoroughly before construction.
    • For cutting plastic, you can use different tools - scissors, wood cutter or a suitable knife.
    • It is impossible to fasten plastic with a stapler, a fishing line and ordinary threads. Such seams will quickly fall apart under the influence of weather conditions.
    • As the source material used bottles of the same size and shape, the most convenient 1.5-liter container.
    • To strengthen the plastic walls, they stretch the threads, apply a thin metal mesh or fix them with flat slats.
    • You can combine PET bottles with other materials. For example, for small greenhouses it is more convenient to build a roof film.
    • Bottles can be made into strips (about 3 cm wide), which are used to glue the seams.

    The method of fastening bottles on bamboo sticks

    PET bottle is a multifunctional building material, especially for gardeners and gardeners. For the construction of greenhouses it can be used as a whole, cut, give the desired shape. It all depends on its destination and the flight of the builder's fantasy. The most common such types of structures:

    • Greenhouse from the bottle posts, which are strung on the frame with vertical pillars. Often rods (sticks) are placed inside the pillar, which additionally fasten the structure.
    • Greenhouse from bottle plates, which are sewn with nylon threads, heated by plastic strips or in any other reliable way.
    • The construction of the rack type, which involves attaching a plastic sheet to the frame of longitudinally transverse rails.
    • The simplest mini-greenhouses for seedlings.

    In form, such structures can be arched, classic rectangular, with single and dual roofs.

    Several options for greenhouses from plastic bottles with their own hands ↑

    The most unpretentious greenhouse of plastic bottles can last for about 10 years. She is not afraid of either snow or extreme cold, and allows her to start growing seedlings in early spring without additional heating. The shape of the structure can be in the form of a house, arched, with a single or gable roof. It all depends on your desire and talent of the builder.

    Materials and tools used in the construction process are as follows:

    • bottles - in the amount of 400 pieces for a small building,
    • wooden slats or PVC pipes for the frame,
    • cutting tool (scissors or knife),
    • strong threads
    • Scotch.

    The appearance of the wall of whole bottles

    Greenhouses from solid plastic bottles: ↑

    1. Prepare PET bottles by cutting off the bottoms at the point of rounding, where the diameter does not reach its maximum value.
    2. Strung the prepared blanks at each other with the help of pressure. The harder you press, the stronger the construction will be. The height of such bottle-posts should be equal to the height of the building.

  • A frame is made of the chosen material and between the vertical frames they stretch the threads at a small distance from one another.
  • In between the threads tightly insert the bottle posts and fix them on the frame.
  • To increase reliability, the whole structure is additionally fixed using adhesive tape.

    A greenhouse of plastic bottles is built on the same principle, but you will need fewer bottles, and the frame is made even easier.

    Option of a greenhouse with a folding roof

    Greenhouses coated with “bottle” cloth ↑

    From PET containers can be easily cut plastic plates, stitched which, get a strong, even and perfectly bendable coating. They can sheathe greenhouses of any kind, and in terms of reliability it is much better than film.

    To create such a coating:

    • The top and bottom of the bottle are cut off at the places where the bend ends.
    • The blanks are divided into 2 parts and, for leveling through dense fabric, ironed with an iron or, after soaking in hot water, placed under a press for several days.
    • The obtained plates are sewn using an awl, as well as cord thread or soft wire. The plates should overlap one another by 2–5 cm in order for the web to be solid and even.
    • The finished sheets are attached to the frame with nails or screws.

    Preparation of plastic plates from bottles

    Using this coating, you can build a very strong greenhouse on the rails. For this:

    • Make the required number of plastic sheets, as well as longitudinal and transverse slats with a section of 3x3 cm, equal respectively to the length and width of the sheets.
    • First install the longitudinal slats, which are then stitched transversely.
    • Plastic sheets with a gun for furniture are targeted to the slats, and the joints are glued with plastic strips.

    Ideas to create mini-greenhouse bottles with their own hands ↑

    If you just need to grow some seedlings, a big greenhouse you do not need. A small greenhouse will cope with this task perfectly well, but it will take very little bottles.

    The most interesting options for greenhouses:

    • A greenhouse whose walls are made of 1.5-liter bottles, and the roof is covered with plastic wrap.
    • A simple greenhouse from a 5-liter container, in which the bottom is cut and installed over the seedlings as a cap.
    • Portable greenhouse from the bottle, right in which you can grow low seedlings. The container is laid on its side, a rectangular opening-door is cut out from above, and gravel and a substrate are laid on the bottom. The door can be closed and opened using adhesive tape.

    Greenhouses from plastic bottles: a master class with photos

    To date, there are many ways that describe how to be made from the greenhouse bottles. These designs are spread all over the world, and every year they become more and more popular. What is most interesting, even people with a fairly high income are engaged in their production.

    This greenhouse is much stronger than the film, and it is much warmer than in a similar greenhouse. In addition, this design can stand on your site for more than one year.

    Making it yourself with the help of our master classes will not take you much time, and the results will only please with high yields.

    Another advantage is that the greenhouse keeps the temperature inside on average 10 degrees Celsius higher than in the environment.

    Thus, keeping the temperature in the greenhouse, you can extend the summer season for your plants for some time. Depending on the climate, you will have the opportunity to enjoy your vegetables and fruits for several weeks longer than usual.

    Using plastic containers as a building material, you will make smaller and already huge garbage dumps.

    If everyone used plastic bottles to make such structures, plastic waste dumps would be much less.

    With any damage, you can easily and at no cost to restore the structure of the greenhouse. All you need is just a replacement for one damaged bottle. Pulling it out and changing it to a new one will take you only 5-10 minutes. When plastic bottles are fixed in place, they become resistant against any wind.

    What is needed

    It should be noted that it is not difficult to make this greenhouse, although it will take some effort and a huge amount of plastic containers. However, the greenhouse, created with his own hands, will not only perform its direct functions, but will also become a special pride of your summer cottage.

    In order to make a greenhouse with your own hands, measuring 2.5 by 1.8 meters, you will need at least one and a half thousand two-liter plastic bottles.

    If you do not have such a large amount of packaging, you can ask it from your neighbors or friends, and you can also contact restaurants or hotels in your city.

    Step-by-step instruction

    To construct an unusual greenhouse according to the first master class, you need to rinse the plastic container well and clean each one of the labels.

    Please note that the best greenhouse is obtained from two-liter containers. From each bottle it is necessary to remove the caps and cut off the plastic bottom.

    As a result, you will only have the middle parts with necks that need to be folded into lines that form the walls for the future construction.

    It is most convenient to string folded bottles on long sticks. Bamboo suits best, however, you need to consider that the sticks used should easily pass through the neck of the bottles.

    Wire is also perfectly suited for this purpose.

    It is also worth noting that the basis for any homemade greenhouse is a wooden frame that you can do with your own hands or use the services of a professional carpenter or joiner.

    To prevent drafts, the greenhouse of plastic containers can be insulated. For wrapping, you can use a regular film with pimples, which is sold in many hardware stores.

    It performs its functions quite well and, moreover, is inexpensive. In some cases, in order to make the greenhouse even more durable, sand is poured into bottles and covered with a solution.

    This makes a homemade plastic container greenhouse cool enough in hot weather.

    For one more simple and clear workshop on making a greenhouse with your own hands, you will need two-liter or three-liter bottles, a furniture stapler and scissors. To start all the bottles must be removed from the labels. To do this, you can soak them for a while. After that, the stickers themselves are very easily separated from the bottles.

    Then we cut out the places where there were stickers on the bottles. As a rule, this surface is the most even and without protrusions. Each bottle is cut off the top and bottom.

    You should have a flat rectangular plate from each bottle. With the help of a furniture stapler plates are interconnected. Best suited stapler with staples of 6 mm.

    Each bracket must then be folded.

    You should not worry about the unevenness of the plates, because over time they straighten themselves.

    Another important point of this master class is that by fastening the plates together, they must be laid so that the bottom end is on top.Thus, when it rains, water will drain well from the greenhouse and not get inside.

    Such a greenhouse is so durable that even in winter you do not need to collect it. He is able to safely withstand any snow and frost and delight you for more than one season.

    Greenhouse from plastic bottles with their own hands. Master Classes and Videos

    Do you want to build a greenhouse for growing plants on your land, but there is no money to order a finished structure or materials? I have good news for you, a greenhouse can be made from ordinary plastic bottles.

    Such material mainly differs from a polyethylene film as it is not torn and is not afraid of strong winds. Plus, plastic bottles retain heat in the greenhouse design, thanks to the emptiness inside the container. This feature allows you to start growing plants and fruits in early spring.

    Bottles can be put off for some time, but in order to make the process go faster, it is recommended to contact the neighbors and explain the situation. If you do not hesitate, then there is another option - the collection of containers in the garbage barrels.

    To create a unique greenhouse stained glass window, bottles of different colors are used. Thus, you can realize your creative ideas.

    You will have to spend money only on nails and timber. To build a greenhouse of average size will need about 600 bottles.

    Step-by-step video for beginners

    Unfortunately, I could not find video clips where you can step by step see the construction of a greenhouse from plastic bottles. But there are other videos that can be charged with motivation, which will allow you to make such a structure on your own.

    I think that even beginners do not need any master classes, since everything is quite simple. You just need to build a frame, how to do it, you can learn from my previous articles about greenhouses, and everyone can cut and connect the bottles. Here is such a life hack, I hope you like it and everything is clear.

    Greenhouse from plastic bottles do it yourself: 2 ways (15 photos)

    Many consider plastic bottles as ordinary garbage. However, resourceful gardeners can all find application. From empty plastic bottles can turn out as a small greenhouse for growing seedlings, and quite roomy greenhouse.

    There are several options for installing greenhouses from plastic bottles.

    Pluses greenhouses from plastic bottles

    A greenhouse from bottles has several advantages over greenhouses made from other materials. The biggest advantage is cash savings.

    During the construction of greenhouses from plastic bottles, it is necessary to spend money only on the timber, the size of which depends on the size of the future construction, and nails. And, of course, collect a certain number of bottles.

    For such a medium-sized greenhouse, you need approximately 400-600 empty plastic bottles.

    Also important advantages of the greenhouse of plastic bottles are its strength and durability. After all, plastic wears out about 30 times slower than ordinary film, which is used to cover the greenhouse.
    A greenhouse made of bottles retains heat well and works on the principle of a thermos.

    Among other things, the design of plastic bottles are lightweight, very easy to assemble, dismantle and replace the deformed sections. In addition, such a greenhouse looks quite interesting.

    Greenhouse from plastic bottles

    Making greenhouses from plastic bottles

    Food plastic - the usual material for each person. It is used in the manufacture of bottles for water and other beverages. They are intended for human use, therefore, are distinguished by their safety.

    Plastic bottles are an excellent material that can be used not only for storing liquids. It is well suited for the arrangement of the greenhouse. Such a construction will not only be safe for human health and the environment, but will also require a minimum of money during construction.In this case, all the work can be done by hand.

    Material advantages

    Many people do not pay much attention to plastic bottles. Virtually all after it is emptied, send it in the trash. But this is fundamentally wrong, because it can be useful for many tasks, especially if you have land. Here it will certainly find its application.

    A plastic bottle can be used as a greenhouse cover. This design will provide a comfortable environment for the growth, development and fruiting of plants. At the same time, the size of the greenhouse can be independently adjusted, choose those that are necessary. This material will allow you to build both small and large structure.

    At the same time, he has many advantages:

    • Efficiency. To build a similar structure, there is no need to buy plastic bottles separately. It’s enough not to throw them away, but to collect them. For help, you can also contact your neighbors, relatives. Joint collection will take a minimum of time. Costs are provided only for the preparation of the frame. You can use different materials for it. For example, a tree.
    • Provides and retains heat well inside the greenhouse. This indicator largely depends on how properly equipped greenhouse. If everything is done correctly, then it is perfect for use in early spring. It will be warm and without the use of a heating system.
    • High strength. If plastic is compared with other materials that are used for these purposes, then it is much stronger.
    • Resistant to adverse environmental factors. Since the greenhouse is on the street, it is exposed to wind, sun, rain and so on. Plastic resistant to all weather conditions.
    • Low weight design. It does not need to build a foundation.
    • Long service life. If the construction process of this structure is approached correctly, then it can serve for ten or more years.

    Features of construction

    A greenhouse made of plastic bottles with your own hands is an easy task. Everyone can execute it, the main thing is to correctly approach the process. At the same time, the owner regulates the size and other characteristics.

    The selection of plastic bottles is an important process. Experts recommend giving preference to containers of the same size and shape. An excellent option are 1.5 liter bottles. They can be either transparent or not.

    How to make a greenhouse from plastic bottles

    You can get a good harvest only if the greenhouse was built correctly. If you create the necessary conditions inside it, then you are guaranteed to get a harvest from organic vegetables and fruits.

    Today there are many options for creating a greenhouse. But most people today have learned to save and use in the household those things that could be put in the trash.

    For example, over the past few years there have been frequent cases of people constructing a greenhouse from plastic bottles.

    A greenhouse made of plastic bottles is a robust design that allows you to create comfortable conditions for plant growth and development in a greenhouse.

    In addition, to build such a structure will be able to absolutely anyone, even without proper experience, a person. Plastic bottles are known to have a different color.

    Thus, your greenhouse will be not only an excellent protection for the plants, but also a certain highlight of the whole garden.

    Greenhouse can be made from whole bottles, from plastic plates or slate. Taking into account the method of installation of the bottle to the crate can be mounted horizontal, vertical or pyramid.

    On the video - a greenhouse of plastic bottles:

    Advantages and disadvantages

    Today, there are many ways to plaster greenhouses plastic bottles. Such structures are in great demand not only in Russia, but also in other countries of the world.

    And they can be made by people who have a fairly high income. This version of the greenhouse has a much higher strength than the design of the film. And it is much warmer in it than in the greenhouse.

    In addition, the service life of such facilities will be more than one year.

    The process of creating a greenhouse does not require much time and effort, and the result will please you with high yields.

    The next advantage of the greenhouse is the ability to maintain the temperature regime 10 degrees higher than outside.

    Due to the fact that the temperature in the greenhouse will remain at the same level, it is possible to extend the summer season for crops grown for a certain time.

    Taking into account the climatic peculiarities, it is possible to enjoy fresh fruits and vegetables for several weeks longer. By using plastic packaging as a building material, you can make smaller landfills, which are literally crowded today.

    If a greenhouse made of plastic containers is damaged somewhere, it is possible to restore the necessary element of the structure without any problems. All that is required is to take a full bottle and install it in place of the damaged one.

    To remove it and replace it with a new one, you need to spend 5-10 minutes. When the plastic containers were fixed in place, they would not be affected by any wind.

    As for the minuses, it is so far only one - this is a short service life. As practice shows, the coating of greenhouses made of plastic containers will last a maximum of 2 years, and then it will be necessary to look for the bottles again to create a new design.

    But what a snowdrop greenhouse looks like can be seen in the photo in this article.

    Before you attach the bottle directly, you need to prepare the frame and perform a number of other important activities.

    Greenhouse cover

    After the foundation and frame have been completed, you can take plastic bottles and stick them one on one in the form of a plastic log. Inside there will be air, so this greenhouse gives excellent thermal insulation.

    In order to perform the walls and roofs of the building in this way, it is necessary to cut off the bottom of each container in the place where the bottle expands. The resulting hole will be less than the maximum diameter of the tank. Now put one bottle on the other as tightly as possible.

    In the middle to give strength insert a thin rail. The resulting unit to mount the wall vertically or horizontally. Secure all the screws. Likewise, the roof is performed.

    It will also be interesting to learn about how winter heated greenhouses occur.

    Greenhouse from plastic bottles is a budget option for those who do not want to mess around for a long time with the installation of a greenhouse and does get a solid and reliable design. In such a greenhouse, the plants will feel comfortable and will give abundant crops. Of course, in 2 years the coating will have to be changed, but during this time it will be possible to prepare the next batch of plastic bottles.

    How to build a greenhouse from plastic bottles with your own hands?

    What are the benefits of plastic bottle greenhouses?

    How to build a greenhouse from plastic bottles?

    Greenhouses from plastic bottles capture the world!

    A greenhouse in the garden is one of the most important buildings; it is with its help that you can protect your plants from excessive solar radiation. You can even build it from plastic bottles, although it will take a little patience to do this, since it is not so easy to assemble the right amount of packaging.

    Creating a greenhouse from plastic bottles will cost relatively cheap, but it will require a considerable amount of time and manpower from you. It would be nice if you involve public organizations or schools in the creation of such an unusual object, they will only be happy to provide you with plastic packaging.

    Such a greenhouse will look quite exotic, but this is not a reason to abandon its construction. There are no valid reasons for forbidding you to have an unusual building in the courtyard. In addition, you can always turn it from a greenhouse into an ordinary summer house.

    What are the benefits of plastic bottle greenhouses?

    · Cheap construction cost. In total, you will need to find about 1400 empty two-liter plastic bottles for the construction of a greenhouse 2.5 by 1.8 meters in size. If you do not have plastic containers in such large quantities in the house, you can take it from your neighbors and friends. If necessary, you can contact the hotels and restaurants in your area.

    · Ability to organize self-watering. You just have to leave small spaces between the bottles on the roof of the greenhouse, and then the rain can penetrate and water the plants without your participation. Thus, you can save a lot of time and spend it on something more useful. In addition, we must not forget that rainwater is much more useful than tap water.

    · The use of plastic containers increases the temperature in the greenhouse by approximately 10 degrees Celsius compared to the ambient temperature. This big difference in temperatures can extend the summer season, and then you can enjoy vegetables and berries for a few weeks more, regardless of your climate.

    · Using plastic bottles, you reduce the already huge landfills of plastic waste. If everyone uses plastic bottles to create such structures, the number of landfills can seriously decrease due to the lack of material for plastic processing.

    · At damage of the greenhouse you will be able easily to restore it without special expenses. To do this, you just need to replace the plastic bottle that was damaged. All bottles are sorted by lines that can be easily removed. Pull out a broken bottle, and you can replace it with another in literally 5-10 minutes, which is especially important with today's human effort to save time.

    · Such a greenhouse is resistant to strong wind gusts. Plastic bottles can not be damaged by the wind when they are fixed in place. However, the sustainability of greenhouses from plastic bottles entirely depends on how well you secure the lines from the bottles.

    How to build a greenhouse from plastic bottles?

    Bottles must be thoroughly rinsed and remove all labels, and then cut off their bottoms. In addition, you will need to remove the bottle caps. As a result, you should be left with the middle part of the bottles with necks, which you will assemble into lines forming the walls of the greenhouse.

    You will need to string the middle parts of the bottles on long sticks. It is best to use bamboo sticks, while you need to ensure that they pass through the opening of the bottles. In some cases, you can use wire.

    All greenhouses that were built using two-liter plastic bottles were built using a wooden frame. The framework can be created independently with the help of boards, saws and drawings, or you can use the services of a professional carpenter or joiner. In some cases, the frame is created from firewood, which are harvested in advance for the winter for kindling the bath.

    Once you have prepared the base frame, you can begin to attach sticks to it with plastic bottles. In this case, the bottles must be securely pressed to each other. Between sticks allowed a distance of 0.1-0.5 cm, not more.

    There is another way to build a greenhouse. To do this, you need to create a rigid network of all plastic bottles with pre-cut out bottoms. So, you get a more rigid form of the greenhouse, while it will not have a central support.

    Wires can be connected not only horizontally.They can be connected both inside and outside the greenhouse, and all the bottles must be in the same fixed position.

    In this case, the lids remain on the bottles, while it is worth noting that there remains much less space for harmful insects that can enter the greenhouse and manage there, like at home. All these insects can seriously harm plants and vegetables in the greenhouse, which is highly undesirable.

    Can you imagine how terrible it will be in a new greenhouse made of plastic bottles if insects nest there all the time? And how will vegetables and fruits grow there? The appearance of such a greenhouse, to put it mildly, will be unaesthetic, which is why it is necessary to prevent the possibility of their appearance in advance.

    A greenhouse made of plastic bottles can also be insulated to prevent drafts. In addition, if necessary, you can reduce the possibility of self-watering in the rain, it is enough to just leave the whole bottle located on the roof of the greenhouse.

    The film with bubbles, which will need to wrap the bottle, is sold in rolls in many hardware stores, and at the same time it performs the duties assigned to it in a sufficiently high quality.

    Greenhouses from plastic bottles capture the world!

    As you can see from the photos, greenhouses from plastic bottles are very easy to manufacture, which is probably why they are becoming so popular abroad.

    Recently, they began to appear in our country, although conservatives still do not agree to build such structures, preferring to adhere to standard construction methods.

    Meanwhile, the construction of a greenhouse from the bottles does not take much time and money.

    In Europe, the tradition of building such greenhouses came from America, and lately it has already begun to go "no." However, if you wish, you can find photos of greenhouses from plastic bottles in Spain and Italy, rather hot countries known for their agro-industrial talents.

    Buildings made of plastic bottles warm up sufficiently well in sunny weather in hot countries, while the plastic itself is not exposed to sunlight. In some cases, the bottles are filled with sand and covered with a solution to create coolness in the hot season. However, it can no longer be considered a greenhouse, rather it looks like a garden shed or something like that.

    Advantages and disadvantages of plastic bottles as a material for the greenhouse

    This material, when used specifically for a greenhouse, has a huge number of advantages. First of all, it is necessary to note the operational characteristics of the greenhouse. The air gap, which is formed between the walls of the plastic bottle, perfectly keeps the heat in the room, so you can significantly reduce the cost of heating the greenhouse in winter.

    Another important factor that clearly benefits the structure of plastic bottles - low cost. Some components for construction can be obtained free of charge. The only thing that you still have to spend money on - materials for the frame. The wooden bar with a section of 50 * 50 mm will be ideally suited for this purpose. In addition, you will need intermediate rails, which can always be replaced with baked wire.

    There are other advantages of a plastic bottle as a building material for a greenhouse:

    • Duration of operation: if all technologies were observed during construction, and proper care was provided for the greenhouse, it will last for a very, very long time,
    • mechanical stability: it is only possible to damage the material intentionally, precipitation will in no way cause deformation of the greenhouse walls,
    • ease of repair: any segment of the greenhouse can be replaced without harm to the whole structure,
    • resistance to temperature extremes: it is not necessary to disassemble such a greenhouse for the winter, it will easily withstand any frost.

    The only drawback of such material is that it will take a long time to collect the bottles, so it is best to take care of this in advance.

    The greenhouse of plastic bottles is very reliable and cheap

    Garbage for the device of greenhouses

    Organized waste recycling in our country is just beginning to gain momentum, so large cities are surrounded by huge landfills. The lion’s share of garbage produced is plastic bottles. What we used to send to the urn, can still serve a good service. Conventional plastic soda bottles can be the basis country greenhouse.

    This greenhouse has many advantages. The most important thing is its cost. This is one of the most cheap options. It is much stronger than plastic film. Lightweight, unbreakable. It is always easy to repair, replacing the damaged item. Fine keeps warm.

    There is a serious disadvantage. It will take some time to collect the required amount. bottles. And you need a lot of patience to assemble the structure. True, all this will pay off handsomely when you are proud to contemplate your offspring and catch the intrigued glances of your neighbors.

    What can be used for the frame

    For frame almost any material is suitable. You can choose metal, wood or plastic.

    Metallic profile will stand for many years. Metal will provide greenhouse strength and durability. All that is required is to only paint it from time to time, and wash it off from contamination at the end of the season. But to build this frame requires some skills with metal, special tools. The most convenient metal carcass cook.

    Tree as the material impresses with its availability and cheapness. It is quite easy to work with him. With proper design, the frame will also be strong enough to withstand wind and snow loads.

    Each year the wooden base will have to process special antiseptics.

    The service life of such a frame will be comparable to the bottle cover. Most likely, you will have to change the coating and frame at the same time.

    An alternative to the traditional material is the frame from PVC pipes. They are very light and allow you to make a greenhouse of any shape: not only single or dvukhskatnuyu, but also arched. Perhaps such a framework will require more careful reinforcement to withstand any bad weather.

    Greenhouse from whole plastic bottles

    For such a greenhouse, the bottles are put one on one in the form plastic log. Inside the air is preserved, so this greenhouse provides good thermal insulation.

    To make the walls and roof of the greenhouse in this way, it is necessary to cut off the bottom of each bottle at the place where the bottle begins to expand. Thus, the hole will be slightly smaller than the maximum diameter of the bottle. Then they sit down one on one as tightly as possible. In the middle for durability, they insert a thin rod or stretch the string.

    The finished unit is installed in the wall vertically or horizontally, securing with screws. In the same way make the roof.

    Plastic greenhouse

    For this design it is necessary to cut each bottle. If you look closely, there are two transverse lines on the bottle that separate its flat part and one longitudinal seam. On these lines is cut flat rectangle (see fig. 1 and 2).

    For cutting it is convenient to use a stationery knife or simple scissors. Rectangular plates are sorted by size: from 1, 1.5 and 2-liter bottles.

    To align the workpiece can be placed under the press. But this is not necessary, they will even out in the finished product. It is undesirable to iron them with a hot iron, because the plastic is strongly deformed by temperature.

    Rectangles are stitched together with overlapping cloths no more 150 cm (otherwise it is inconvenient to work). From the edge of the plate recede a little more 1 cm (Fig. 3).It is important to make this stage as accurate as possible so that the shelter is tight. There are several ways to staple:

    • on the sewing machine, if not sorry,
    • using a furniture stapler,
    • with the help of sewed.

    Let us consider the last method in more detail.

    1. Two identical plates fold the short sides with an overlap of 1.5 cm.
    2. Pierce them with 3 hot spots with a hot awl. In places of a puncture sheets will melt and stick together.
    3. As a thread for stitching, you can use a thin wire, cord thread. And the best of the remaining bottles cut into thin long strips of 2-3 cm wide. And stitch them.
    4. Tie a knot and thread the thread through the holes. Tie knots at the other end.
    5. Repeat the same procedure with other blanks. To make cloths of the necessary sizes, proceeding from dimensions of the greenhouse. It is necessary to provide a stock of 20 cm.
    6. For convenience, a stool is placed on two stools from the refrigerator. So sew much easier.

    Finished canvases are fixed to the frame with the help of slats and screws or nails with wide caps.

    Canvas need good to pullso that it does not sag. Also the roof and the door are covered. Since the greenhouse is very warm, it is necessary to provide air vents for airing.

    Using bottles of different colors, you can adjust the light inside the greenhouse. And decorate it with some kind of ornament. But dark bottles are better not to abuse or use them to cover the north wall. This is especially true of the northern regions of the country where the sun is not enough.

    But in the south, where the sun is in abundance, colored bottles will help keep plants from burns.

    Greenhouse from plastic bottles is obtained enough solidto withstand the weight of snow in winter. The main thing is to have a strong frame. With a quality build, this shelter will serve not less than 10-15 years. At the same time the cost of consumables minimal, since the main part is literally made of garbage. It is only necessary to show a little diligence.

    Bottles Tips

    The process of choosing a bottle is no less important than designing and choosing a place to build. Experts agree on one thing - the bottles should be the same size and shape. Ideal for building a greenhouse is considered a container volume of 1.5 liters. It does not matter what color it is, whether it has transparent walls. The performance characteristics of all containers are exactly the same. Remember that bottles must be free of defects, including holes, cuts and burns.

    For the construction of a greenhouse is best to choose the container from under expensive beer, lemonade or mineral water. These plastic bottles are pretty thick.

    Calculation of the required amount of material

    To make a greenhouse from plastic containers with your own hands, you will need:

    • plastic bottles - 600 pieces (for the southern side of the greenhouse it is better to take a transparent container, for the northern one - dark or green),
    • wooden boards with a length of 3 m and a cross section of 10 * 7 cm - 2 pieces,
    • boards with a length of 4 m and a cross section of 10 * 7 cm - 2 pieces,
    • timber length 2 m - 1 piece
    • mounting rail (or baked wire).

    Instruments

    The following tools are needed to work with materials for the frame and walls:

    • thin awl
    • cutter,
    • hacksaw,
    • hammer,
    • screwdriver
    • nails or screws,
    • nylon thread Nylon thread is needed to fix the bottles in an upright position
    • roulette,
    • building level,
    • simple pencil
    • drawing paper and notes.

    Territory preparation

    This stage consists in cleaning the top layer of soil from debris and plants. There should be no foreign objects on the site. After that, the site must be properly marked. How exactly, you can learn from the draft.

    If necessary, the area should be leveled or covered with sand if the greenhouse is not on open ground.

    Seedlings in a greenhouse made of plastic bottles can be planted both in open ground and in special boxes with earth

    Foundation arrangement

    Despite the fact that this design does not weigh much, the foundation is still necessary. Bricks, building blocks (for a greenhouse you can use a cinder block - it is the cheapest), a piece of timber can act as a base. The material must be laid out on a flat surface around the perimeter. This should be done in such a way that the elements of the future frame are set in the center of the foundation.

    The foundation must be in contact with the ground, and the contact area should be maximized. To do this, you can pour the sand under the base.

    Making walls

    Now you can move on to the most interesting and creative process of creating a greenhouse from plastic bottles - filling the walls. There are several ways to use wall containers.

    Use whole bottles:

    1. Cut the bottoms, but so that the opening was smaller than the maximum diameter of the bottle.
    2. String tara on each other, for which you need to press a little on it.
    3. On the frame to tighten the threads in two rows. Threads help hold bottles vertically.
    4. Between these threads to install pipes from plastic bottles, while installing them should be as close as possible to each other. The ends of the pipe must rest against the upper and lower surrounding belt. Bottles can be installed on wooden slats
    5. Between a pipe can additionally be fixed with tape.
    The roof of the greenhouse can also be filled with bottles or covered with polycarbonate

    Durable will be a greenhouse and plastic plates. To make it you need to follow a certain plan:

    1. Trim the bottle on both sides. The rest of the cut in half across.
    2. The formed plate needs to be leveled. To do this, lay it between two sheets of paper and iron. Each sheet is cut to the size of 17 * 32 cm.
    3. The resulting sheets are stitched together with an ordinary awl, placing them overlap. Plastic can be stitched with soft metal wire or cord. You can sew plastic with an awl
    4. Attach the fabric to the constructed frame with a fastener. It is possible to fix such cloth with self-tapping screws or a stapler.

    No matter what method of greenhouse manufacturing you choose, you need to carefully monitor the lack of clearance between the layers of plastic.

    Doors better to upholstered with polyethylene

    Doors and windows of the greenhouse are best done in the usual way, that is, using plastic film.

    Sealing greenhouses

    This measure will help to prevent the ingress of cold air into the room. To do this, the adjacent posts from the bottles can be additionally glued with tape or special sealant. Similar work needs to be done on the roof. However, in this case, the work can be simplified using ordinary plastic film, which must be fixed with wooden planks.

    Watch the video: How to Make a Bottle Greenhouse - DIY Greenhouse (October 2019).

    Loading...