The Zundheimer breed of chickens was selected at the end of the 19th century by German scientists who sought to create birds with high productivity indices. Currently, it is quite rare breed of chickens listed in the Red Book.
The annual egg production of Zundheimer's hens is about 220 eggs, whose weight varies between 55-60 grams. The color of the shell is from light to dark brown. Adult individuals reach from two to two and a half kilograms of live weight, roosters - from three to three and a half kilograms.
Chickens of this breed of chickens are distinguished by precocity. They quickly gain weight. Color of plumage is light black and colombian. The individual is almost completely covered with light feathers, only in the area of the collar and in the tail of the bird are there black feathers with silver streaks.
In addition to good egg production, Zundheimers are notable for their tender, tasty meat. In laying hens, the instinct of incubation is well developed; they become good, caring mothers. These chickens are characterized by a calm, balanced temperament and beautiful appearance.
Despite rapid growth, plumage in chicks appears late. Therefore, you should constantly monitor their health. Also, these feathered pets are very careful and mistrustful, they are difficult to tame.
The body build of Sandheimer is medium in size and length. Chest slightly arched, wide enough. The head is small, slightly elongated. It has a medium sized comb. The lobes are thin and have a red color. Earrings of medium length, rounded. The beak is light yellow, the eyes are red or orange. The hens' legs are not long, they are fledged to the toes. Feathers fit snugly to the body, rather solid, not distinguished by particular density. The wings are tightly pressed to the body of the bird, set high.
Zundheimer needs space, although they are not whimsical to the conditions in which they are grown, and are able to adapt to any situation. It is better to keep them using the walking system. In the cold season, the chicken coop for these feathered pets should be well insulated. This will keep egg production at a high level and reduce the risk of chicken disease. In the diet of this breed must be present green food. The best option for feeding will be ready-made feed.
And yet, despite the high rates of productivity, modern amateur poultry farmers are increasingly choosing Sundheimers for growing as decorative poultry.
Zundheimer Breed Description
Sundheimer belongs to meat and egg breed, therefore it combines high egg production and considerable volumes of meat.
Sundheimer has its main distinguishing qualities:
- The body is located almost horizontally and has an average length, rather dense and muscular, tapers downwards. Extended pelvic area. The proportions of the body indicate the productive type of hens.
- Wide at the base with a moderate feather cover the neck.
- The back of a flat shape has an average length. In the lumbar region, a slight rise is noticeable, particularly in chickens.
- Wide slightly convex chest.
- Round shaped broad shoulders.
- Medium-long powerful tibiae, widely spaced metatarsus with light short feathers to fingers. The four fingers are wide apart and have an average length.
- The slightly elongated head is of medium size. Small-sized comb with 4–6 spikes in both roosters and chickens. Thin red earlobes and short, rounded earrings.
- Eye color may be orange or red.
- The curved form of a strong beak is light yellow.
- Smooth, tight, firm plumage. Feather cover sparse. The high-set wings also tightly fit the body.
Rooster and chicken are difficult to distinguish, especially before they reach twelve weeks. Grown-up roosters differ from hens in a slight bluish tinge of their tail feathers and neck, as well as in a typical higher voice. The hen's crest is smaller in size, and the body downwards is wider.
Sundheimer belongs to rare European breeds. The chicken of this breed in the world is about a thousand individuals, which are mainly grown with varying degrees of success in the territories of Germany and near lying countries.
It is currently in the Red Book, as a disappearing German breed of chickens. Due to the high growth rate of chickens, it is most often grown by thrifty farmers.
Individuals of this German breed have exceptionally light black and colombian feathers. Predominantly white plumage, only black feathers with silver streaks grow on the collar and tail.
The wings also have black and white blades, which are visible only in the open state. The fluff under the feathers is also silver-white or white. The color of the rooster and the hen are almost the same.
The advantages of Sundheimer include the following:
- universal breed of chickens, as it relates to meat — the egg group of breeds,
- fine-tasting dietary meat excellent in taste,
- high egg production, Sundheimer actively carry eggs even in winter,
- excellent hens,
- high chick growth rate
- calm temperament
- aesthetic appearance.
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The disadvantages of German chickens are:
- slow growth of plumage, which is generally rather rare,
- difficult to contact people, mistrustful and careful
- hard-to-distinguish sexual characteristics,
- developmental defects are often encountered due to constant inbreeding due to a small bird population.
A special feature of Sundheimer is that, despite its high egg production, it is now most often grown as an ornamental breed of chickens.
Sandhimer hen breeds are neat. But they need to provide minimum conditions for hatching eggs.
In particular, in the house to equip perches and nests. It is not recommended to place them at a height above half a meter. A warm, poorly lit place is suitable for nests.
Sundheimer's chicks are quite difficult to grow., especially for novice farmers. To avoid losses of young stock, experts recommend buying chickens only a few weeks old. It is necessary to feed them daily with their own hands in order to gain their trust and speed up adaptation.
The first couple of weeks after hatching chickens must be kept warm and in constant light, as they are virtually devoid of fluff. Then, gradually reduce the illumination to a normal level. Young animals should be fed with bulky food, saturated with proteins, 4–5 times daily.
Since this breed does not have a thick layer of plumage, it is necessary to guarantee them a warm room for wintering. Fulfillment of this condition will ensure consistently high egg production of chickens and protect them from diseases.
When building a chicken coop, it is important to note that the hens of the Zundheimer breed are rather large in size and have a rather big weight. To provide tasty poultry meat, it needs space for walking. Therefore, to keep in the hen house more than 50 individuals is impractical.
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In general, Sundheimers are unpretentious and adapt to any conditions of detention. After full acclimatization and getting used to the new conditions, there are no problems with them. They can be contained and according to the walking system, and in a confined space. The finished feed is perfect for them as a permanent feed, in addition to grass.
Due to its versatility, Zundheimers are suitable for growing amateur poultry farmers.
The size of the individuals of the Zundheimer breed, as in the vast majority of meat-egg poultry, is medium. The largest weight of a mature rooster reaches 3.5 kg, minimum - 3 kg. The weight of an adult chicken can range from 2 to 2.5 kg.
The hens of the Zundheimer breed are highly productive, given that they do not belong to the egg-bearing varieties. On average, they carry up to 220 eggs annually. The weight of one egg is 55–60 g, and its shell can be from light to dark brown.
According to external data and live weight, Adler silver chickens and individuals of the Sussex breed with a light Colombian color are similar to the hens of the Zundheimer breed.
They are characterized by delicious meat, quite a bit different from the dietary meat of German chickens, and are also ideal as decorative breeds, but are significantly inferior to Zundheimer in terms of egg production. Their annual productivity on fifty eggs is lower.
New Hampshire chickens, which also belong to meat and egg breeds, differ in color, but are completely similar to immigrants from Germany in such quantitative characteristics as carcass weight and annual productivity.
German Zundheimer chickens are of medium size, but are characterized by high egg production. They are also appreciated for their beautiful decorative color.
These chickens, as a universal meat and egg breed, are ideal for household use. The only problem of Zundheimer breeding is frequent inbreeding of individuals, which in some cases can lead to congenital defects.
Sundheimer breed of chickens
Today there are hundreds of rare breeds in the world, but only a few dozen of them are listed in the Red Book as an endangered species. Often these are ancient species that were bred by nature itself and have been preserved in very small quantities.
But, the wedge we are considering does not apply to the ancients. The fact is that it appeared relatively recently - at the end of the 19th century. Selection work was carried out in Germany, or rather, in Kel-am-Rhine.
Local scientists involved representatives of Cochin China, Gudan, Brama and Dorking as genetic material. The variety obtained as a result of such manipulations was able to win the silver medal already in 1893. The award ceremony took place in the city of Leipzig.
But, work on its improvement continued, and the final result was obtained only 50 years ago - in 1966.
Despite the fact that the wedge appeared relatively recently, over the previous decades, it has almost been forgotten. It belongs to the meat-egg group. To date, there are very few such birds, but scientists are seriously concerned about this state of affairs, and for this reason they began to work on preserving the species.
- The plumage and its color are the main distinguishing breed trait. All polls are painted white and black Colombian color. The body is white, even slightly silvery, and on the neck and tail there are black feathers with a light stem. The plumage is lush and very dense - it extends even to the legs.
- The eyes of birds are expressive. The iris has a red-orange or just a rich, orange hue.
- The head of feathered beauties has a non-standard, slightly elongated shape. It proudly towers bright red scallop with deep teeth, which has a leaf-shaped. Earrings also stand out in bright red against the black and white “fur coat”.
- Torso large, and also not quite a standard form. They are slightly expanded from below, although in general they have a trapezoidal shape. The backs are slightly raised, decorating the chickens with a small “hump”.
- The beak is bent slightly at the end, rather large. Paws and beak have the same light yellow tint.
- The peculiarity of the birds is that it is difficult to discern their gender to a certain age. They do not have differences in color. Roosters are distinguished from hens by more manly dimensions, as well as a comb and earrings they have developed.
- And of course the weight - it also differs depending on the gender. The weight gain in males stops at 3.5 kg, and in feathered females - 3 kg.
Temper chickens often determines their popularity. Few people dare to maintain in their farmstead indefatigable fighters who injure each other and, in addition to this, sometimes rush at their breadwinner.
But this is not about the German shred - it has the opposite character. White-and-black chunks are quiet and calm, peace-loving and balanced. Roosters absolutely responsibly play the role of leaders in their families.
They are the first to summon the feathered ladies to the feeders, "support" and "cheer" with loud crows, and take care of their safety. Roosters in rare cases may show aggression - to fight for primacy in the hen house, or to protect their family from attacks.
Ripening and egg production
Speaking about the advantages and disadvantages of chickens, they often touch upon the question of the rate of ripening and the timing of the start of egg-laying. This is important, because every farmer seeks to get the maximum benefit with a minimum investment in cultivation.
Therefore, all over the world are so appreciated by "quick-shooters", the maturation period of which is about 4-5 months. It is precisely such that the Sundheimer breed of chickens, which matures faster than it grows over with an adult feather, belongs. The onset of egg-laying in them is observed at about 4.5 months - extremely rarely by 5 months.
Performance average is 220-230 eggs per year. And this result is not the limit - some clubs can show results by 30-50 pieces more. In eggs, the shell is brown in color - it can be light or dark.
Currently, there are very few chickens left, but they are truly unique. This is the rare little quota that, in the process of selection, has retained its basic instincts in the best possible way, and is capable of hatching chickens itself.
Feathered "mother" from Germany is not just well incubating the testicles, but also "nursing" the chicks after their birth. Peaceful and calm chicken suddenly transformed and becomes a real panther, able to protect their young from everything and everyone.
Those who once decided to self-incubate and raise chicks know how difficult and responsible this task is. The fact is that at a young age Zundheimer breed of chickens is most sensitive and may suffer from the slightest violations.
But, in the case of German cubs, everything is more complicated. Growing them is quite difficult, and this process will be unsuccessful if you do not have enough knowledge and experience.
The problem in growing occurs primarily because babies are born with a very short down. Because of this, they are defenseless against the cold, and for a long time they need to maintain a stable temperature.
If ordinary chicks can be transferred to 28-30 degrees already at the age of 7 days, then these must be kept in 30-32 degrees of heat for 2-3 weeks. Another feature is that it is very difficult to distinguish chickens by gender up to 12 weeks. Therefore, babies up to this age are kept together.
- Rapid growth and development in combination with a slow process of feathering require strict control over the quality and quantity of food consumed.
- The diet of the younger generation must necessarily be based on protein feeds that can meet the needs of kids. Intensive growth of muscle tissue is impossible without protein nutrition.
- In the body of growing crumbs, only plant-derived protein is absorbed well, therefore, for the first 14–20 days, its source is eggs and cottage cheese. Then the need for this component is replenished by specialized feed.
- A large amount of vitamins in the diet must be supplemented with special additives that will support the health of the young and help avoid loosening during the growth period.
Growing up the younger generation is troublesome and for an inexperienced poultry farmer to cope with this. Therefore, if you decide to have chicks, and do not have much experience in incubation, it is better to buy young animals at the age of 2-3 weeks.
Of course, it should be borne in mind that their cost is quite large - about 1000 rubles for one crumb.
The diet of an adult herd
Despite the fact that the content of chickens can be quite complicated, adult hens are completely unpretentious in matters of nutrition. They are happy to eat the same feed as the other meat-klyushi. But, there are several differences in the winter and summer diet. Consider them.
- The summer diet consists of half of green fodder, which contains all the necessary for the health and productivity of the substance. In winter, there is no fresh grass and tops, so it is served in the form of grass meal or hay.
- In the warmer months, you can feed the herd only in the evening and in the morning, and in winter add another meal.
- In the summer, the masters are served cold, and in the winter immediately after preparation, so that their temperature is not lower than 40 degrees. But, it is also impossible to serve too hot, so that feathered beauties would not burn the esophagus.
Good living conditions, as you know, are part of good productivity and good health. This bird can be kept both in a confined space and on a free range.
But, free range provides good nutrition in the summer, as well as activity, without which meat tastes deteriorate.
In addition to walking, hens need regular cleaning and maintenance of cleanliness. Dirt has a negative effect on their beautiful “coats”, and wet bedding can cause problems with the joints of the paws.
As for the arrangement of housing - it should be spacious and not very high. Perches also should not be set high, because the bird can easily get hurt because of its size. The coop must be well ventilated, and at the same time it should not be drafts.
There are no special requirements for maintaining the microclimate in the hen house either. But, the breed is afraid of temperatures below - 15 degrees, so in winter it is better to keep it in a heated room and let it out for a walk only for a short time.
Birds tolerate heat very well, but they require more drinking. And most importantly - do not allow the increase of humidity in the housing of birds.
Shedding and breaking egg production
Quots stop laying eggs only in the fall, and this break lasts no more than 2-2.5 months. In winter, they will again delight you with testicles only if the light regime and heat are maintained. In the meantime, the chickens molt, you need to give them vitamins and fish oil so that they do not hurt and recover faster.
The period of productivity in German hens is 2-2.5 years. Later begins a sharp decline in the number of testicles removed. During this time it is worth replenishing the ranks of young workers. Sundheimer breed of chickens requires frequent updates.
Sundheimers are owners of the strongest health and high rates of survival. The death rate among the adult “population” of the house can be no more than 5%. But, the main preventive measures do not negate it. Typical diseases for this species have not been identified.
In the circle of experts, zundkhaymery are considered to be perfectly suitable for individual cultivation, however, in order to keep this rare and interesting breed in your yard without any problems and troubles, it is necessary to observe some important conditions. Among them - the presence of a warm room for wintering. Yes, these chickens are capable of stable winter egg-laying, but they need to create conditions for this, since, as we have already noted, their plumage is not very dense and pompous. The presence of a warm chicken coop will not only allow you to regularly start your morning with scrambled eggs from freshly laid eggs, but also save your hens from the danger of colds.
Another condition that must be met is to provide the chickens with as much space as possible. Zundkhaymera have medium size, but their meat to taste is classified as dietary. To keep it, they need to walk. That is, the chicken coop and the walking yard next to it should be spacious so that the hens feel calm and comfortable. It is also inappropriate to keep too large livestock - for example, more than 50 individuals. It will not lead to anything good.
If all these conditions are met, then after full adaptation to their place of residence, the zundkhaymers will turn out to be trouble-free chickens, which do not need any special delights in feeding (ready-made feed or ground grain are quite suitable) or increased comfort in maintenance. They will feel equally fine in a relatively spacious, comfortable chicken coop, and on the range.
- The Sundheimer breed of chickens is rare and expensive.
The preservation of the klush population today is one of the priorities of German scientists. A huge role in this matter is played by farmers and poultry farmers, who, despite the high cost, still decide on the maintenance of this bird. Anyone with whom the Sundheimer breed of chickens lives, not only contains a good hen, but also saves the species from extinction.
We have just reviewed the rare Sundgeymer shred which is legendary today. I wish you prosperity and success!
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One of the most popular breeds of chickens are hybrids of meat and egg varieties. Their selection began to produce more than a hundred years ago. Due to their versatility, they are the most chicken breeding suitable for households, providing the farmer with both tasty meat and eggs. Despite such prevalence, the Zundheimer breed is quite rare.
ZUNDHIMER is a breed that has been officially recognized for more than 125 years and is carefully preserved by German poultry breeders, although the history of the creation of this beautiful chicken dates back to old antiquity, when militant Celts settled in the expanses of present-day Germany and set about arranging their dwellings and cellars. There is information that the genes of the ancient Greek and Persian ancestors are mixed in the blood of the Zundheimers, to which the Old English fighting chicken and the Dorking were planted. Subsequently, approximately in 1850, when Bram and Kokhinkhinov were brought up from the New World, they also took part in selection work, just like the French Goudany. As a result, at the First National Exhibition in Leipzig, in 1893, Zundheimers received a silver medal, and in 1913 a breed club was established and the standard of this remarkable bird was approved, and Zundheim near Keel am Rhein was recorded as a birthplace. The finally existing species of bird was formed in 1966.
The German Association for the Conservation of Chickens of the Sundheimer breed unites more than a hundred breeders from various places, including very young ones.
They meet once a year for the reporting meeting in May or June, where they exchange experiences and discuss the pressing problems of the Club. At the same time, a special annual newsletter, Sundheimer-Kurier, is being prepared for each such meeting.
Foreign citizens can become members of the association: according to preliminary data there is a very high probability that this beautiful breed will soon appear on the Russian territory.
The Zundheimer chickens are rare European breeds. The chicken of this breed in the world is about a thousand individuals, which are mainly grown with varying degrees of success in the territories of Germany and near lying countries. It is currently in the Red Book, as a disappearing German breed of chickens.
Sundheimer belongs to meat-breeding breed, therefore it combines high egg production and considerable volumes of meat.
Zundheimer has its main distinctive qualities: The body is located almost horizontally and has an average length, rather dense and muscular, tapers downwards. Extended pelvic area. The proportions of the body indicate the productive type of hens. Wide at the base with a moderate feather cover the neck. The back of a flat shape has an average length. In the lumbar region, a slight rise is noticeable, particularly in chickens. Wide slightly convex chest. Round shaped broad shoulders. Medium-long powerful tibiae, widely spaced metatarsus with light short feathers to fingers. The four fingers are wide apart and have an average length. The slightly elongated head is of medium size.
Small-sized comb with 4-6 spines, like in roosters and chickens. Thin red earlobes and short, rounded earrings. Eye color may be orange or red. The curved form of a strong beak is light yellow.
Smooth, tight, firm plumage. Feather cover sparse. The high-set wings also tightly fit the body. Rooster and chicken are difficult to distinguish, especially before they reach twelve weeks. Grown-up roosters differ from hens in a slight bluish tinge of their tail feathers and neck, as well as in a typical higher voice. The hen's crest is smaller in size, and the body downwards is wider.
Individuals of this German breed have an exceptionally light black and Colombian color of feathers. Predominantly white plumage, only black feathers with silver streaks grow on the collar and tail. The wings also have black and white blades, which are visible only in the open state. The fluff under the feathers is also silver-white or white. The color of the rooster and the hen are almost the same.
Standard features of the Sundheimer / as of 2007 /:
Body: of medium length, full, wide, deep and well muscled, slightly narrowed at the back,
Neck: broad at base, of medium length with moderate plumage,
Back: wide, medium length, flat,
Shoulders: broad, not very prominent, rounded,
Wing: set high enough, snug,
Saddle: slightly raised to the tail, medium length,
Tail: medium hardness, with not too long and slightly raised braids, wears loosely,
Chest: wide and convex
Abdomen: full and wide,
Head: medium size, elongated, wide,
Face: filled with small white feathers with a reddish tinge,
Comb: leaf-shaped, with 4-6 spines of the correct form, red,
Earrings: short and plump, red,
Earlobes: elongated, thin, flat, red,
Eyes: from orange to red,
Beak: strong, slightly curved, light yellowish,
Legs: flesh-colored, medium length, widely spaced, strong, feathered from the outside, but the obstinacy should not be evident.
Toes of medium length, well spaced, 4 pieces,
Plumage: full, wide, tight.
It has the same structure as the rooster, only with a wider saddle and a much smaller crest.
Exceptionally white and black Colombian (light)
Rooster and chicken are painted almost the same. Pure silver-white head. Collar with wide and deep black and green feathers with silver veins and silver-white lining. Feathers of the upper back are sprinkled with black drops. The saddle of a rooster, as far as possible without black stripes, is always purely white in hens. The tail of the cock is pure black with a green sheen. Small feathers serve as a white lining. The wings are mostly black with white outer blades, so they look white when folded. The rest of the plumage is silvery white. Down under the plumage is white or silver-gray.
A narrow body, a flat chest, angular shoulders, too high or too low, a long neck, a long tail, or pure white tail feathers, a yellow tinge of plumage, white ear lobes.
When breeding a breed of bird, we get an incubation egg, which is stored at a certain temperature in a special room.
Since we are constantly exploring new breeds of birds, extra chickens of different ages appear on the market.
Our farm is small, there is not enough space for all the desired breeds, as a result of which some breeds have to be hatched - this is how adults appear on sale, formed not related to the breeding bird's nests.
There are opportunities for incubation under the order of any species of birds up to 100 eggs.
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