Crop production

Eggplant Diamond: Cultivation

Eggplant is a very common vegetable crop with a large variety of varieties. The differences between them are mainly in the form of fruits, color and taste of the pulp, as well as in terms of ripening.

The mid-season eggplant variety diamond is very popular with gardeners. If you wanted to try growing eggplants on your plot, stop your choice at Almaz.

Its advantages are high yield, resistance to pests and the taste of fruit pulp.

Variety description

Eggplant diamond - a long-established, proven experience and time grade. It is universal when planting: in warm latitudes it is grown in an open area, and in colder areas - in greenhouses and greenhouses.

The height of the plant is quite high - about 60 cm, but the fruits grow compactly on the lower part of the stem, up to 30 cm from the ground.

There are no thorns on the eggplant cup, which significantly reduces the risk of hitting your hands during harvest.

An important advantage of "Almaz" is its high yield. The average number of harvested vegetables per square meter of planting is about eight kilograms.

Fruits in the shape of a cylinder grow from 14 cm to 18 cm long and about 5 to 6 cm in diameter. The average weight of one eggplant 130-140 gr. Technical ripeness of vegetables is determined by the dark purple color.

The pulp of eggplant is dense, greenish, without bitterness.

"Diamond" is resistant to stolbur (phytoplasmosis) and mosaic virus.

It tolerates fungal diseases with moderate persistence, such as fusarium, late blight and top rot of the fruit.

Eggplants are distinguished by good transportability, intended for use in cooking as snacks, salads, hot dishes, and also canned food.

Eggplants can be grown in two ways: using seedlings and seedless, i.e. immediately from the seeds.

Transplanting. Seedlings begin to engage in the last days of winter or in early March. Seeds are sown in boxes or, in order not to damage the roots during handling, into separate bags or pots.

Seedlings grown in separate containers, when transplanting, take root much faster, yields a higher yield and 2-3 weeks earlier than the same seedlings from the common box.

The soil should be soft, nutritious and loose (a mixture of turf, sand, peat and fertilizer). Seed containers are plentifully watered with water, covered with polyethylene and set aside for 10 days in a warm (about + 25ºС) place.

After germination, the temperature must be reduced to + 15ºС. It is necessary for the formation of a strong root system. Every 14-16 days shoots need to be fed. A solution of urea is suitable for this (per liter of water is 15-20 g.).

After two or two and a half months, the seedlings will get strong enough and will be ready for landing in the ground.

For open ground suitable seedlings with 4-5 leaves. Planted in a well-lit area in the soil, well composted. Before planting, seedlings are watered abundantly.

Between the rows they adhere to a distance of up to 60 cm, between the holes 35-40 cm. For planting in greenhouses, young plants should be more mature, with 6-7 leaves.

The landing pattern is the same as on an open piece of land.

Leadless method. Sowing should be soaked in water or already germinated seeds in a soil heated to 15ºС. Sowing density - 3-4 gr. seeds per 10 square meters.

Experienced gardeners sow radishes along with eggplants, which will later protect the shoots from weeds.

Overgrown eggplant shoots eventually break through, leaving more mature and strong plants with a distance of 20 -30 cm from each other.

Eggplant Care

Growing diamond eggplants from the cultivation of other varieties of this vegetable is no different. After planting, it is recommended to carry out regular watering every 3 days, and during the dry period and every day.

The focus in the care of young plants is given to weeding from weeds and loosening the soil. The first time you can feed in 18 - 20 days after planting with a solution of urea.

The second time is fed after another three to four weeks with the same solution with the addition of superphosphate. When the first fruits appear, it is better to feed a solution of mullein.

Bushes need to be formed in a timely manner: three stems are sufficient for optimal size, all other shoots break off. Since the eggplant diamond itself is quite a heavy vegetable, the bushes must be tied up.

Very often, eggplant bushes suffer from Colorado beetles, so you need to regularly inspect shoots, remove the pest and its eggs. If there is no time for this, you can treat the plants with a solution of chlorophos (30 l for a ten-liter bucket of water.

means) or other insecticide.

"Diamond" is really a universal grade, and the description of its qualities is not exaggerated at all.

These are eggplants with excellent taste, dense pulp, fruitful and unpretentious.

Of these, you can cook a huge number of varied, tasty and nutritious dishes, especially if these vegetables are collected from their beds.

Detailed description and characteristics of eggplant variety Diamond

Eggplant is a very tasty and healthy vegetable grown in all parts of our country. In the central and northern regions of the vegetable is grown exclusively under the film.

Every gardener wants to grow a rich harvest of this wonderful vegetable and for this choose seeds that produce large and large fruits.

The description of the characteristics of eggplant Diamond will help you make sure that this is the right choice.

  1. The variety is mid-season. From germination to harvest - 100 - 130 days.
  2. The bush grows compact, up to 60 cm high. The leaf has a green color with purple streaks
  3. Bearing cup, deep green with purple tint
  4. Fruits of medium weight (up to 160 grams) and medium length (up to 20 cm). Formed at the bottom of the stem, at 30 cm from the ground
  5. In technical maturity, the fruit is dark purple, the flesh is green with a small amount of seeds
  6. The variety has immunity to solanaceous diseases

Diamond Eggplant Seeds

The advantages include:

  • Grade high-yielding, with 1 square. meters can collect up to 8 kg of fruit
  • Resistance to fungal and viral diseases
  • Bush compact, less branched
  • Excellent transportability and storage time
  • Diamond is widely used in cooking

No apparent flaws identified.

Eggplant Diamond on a bush

From presowing treatment of seeds, depends on the quality and quantity of the future harvest.

The seeds of the variety are medium. Before planting it is necessary to carry out pre-sowing treatment:

  1. Seed selection
  2. Calibration
  3. Disinfection
  4. Stimulation of growth

Calibration

This process consists in sorting seeds by density suitability. The seeds are immersed in a saline solution (5 grams of salt per 100.0 of water) and all the surfaced, empty, are removed. Weighing seeds, flush salt from running water.

There are cases when all the seeds pop up. Do not rush to throw them out, this may occur due to dry seed. It is necessary to try to germinate them.

Seed Testing for Germination

All seeds not processed by the manufacturer need to be processed.

1% solution of potassium permanganate:

  • It should be a rich color, but not dark purple.
  • You can not perederzhivat seeds in solution, the optimal time for complete disinfection - 15 - 20 minutes

Diamond Eggplant Description

Eggplant diamond. Recommendations for growing

Diamond belongs to mid-season varieties of crops, can be grown both in open and closed ground, it all depends on the region and climatic features. From sprouting sprout to full ripening, about 120-150 days pass, depending on the soil in which the crop is planted. Under adverse climatic conditions, it is recommended to plant seedlings in greenhouses or greenhouses. Diamond is resistant to drought, shows excellent yield in the northern regions.

Seedlings and adult bushes are resistant to mosaic and stolbur.

Eggplant Leaf Mosaic

The height of the bush does not exceed 55-60 cm. During the growing season, the bushes are distinguished by early and amicable branching, which affects the good formation of the crop. The leaves of the plant have a green color with green and purple veins. Fruits are formed on the bottom of the bush, eggplant cups do not have thorns, which simplifies the collection of ripe fruits.

The variety has a high yield, under favorable conditions it is possible to get up to 8 kg of fruit per square meter. Ripe fruits have a thick and durable skin that allows you to transport the crop over long distances.

Eggplant in the greenhouse

Description of the fruit. Table

What you need to know before planting eggplant

Eggplants are light and heat-loving plants. The optimum air temperature for normal development and high crop yields should be 20-25 degrees. When the air temperature is too low, plants tend to shed flowers and leaves, which adversely affects the future yield. It is also contraindicated for culture and too high a temperature - plants slow down growth.

Culture feels good on mineral-rich soil. Not too in need of phosphorus, since the long roots well absorb the mineral from the soil, but the presence of potassium and nitrogen in the top dressing should be necessary.

A distinctive feature of the culture is that eggplants do not need too long a day of light. The norm for them is no more than 14 hours a day, it is precisely at this rate that the most active flowering and fruiting are noted. To obtain maximum yield, the following method is used: a frame of a black opaque film is constructed over the greenhouse or film arch. This frame is shown to shoot at 12 o'clock so that the plants get their norm of light. For example, you can open the eggplant from 8 am to 7 pm.

Preparing eggplant seeds for planting

Eggplant seeds "Diamond"

The variety Almaz has a high seed content in the fruit, so many amateur vegetable growers independently stock up with seed from the previous crop.

To obtain good germination seeds should be carefully prepared.

Description and characteristics of the variety Almaz

  1. The variety is mid-season. From germination to harvest - 100 - 130 days.
  2. The bush grows compact, up to 60 cm high. The leaf has a green color with purple streaks
  3. Bearing cup, deep green with purple tint
  4. Fruits of medium weight (up to 160 grams) and medium length (up to 20 cm). Formed at the bottom of the stem, at 30 cm from the ground
  5. In technical maturity, the fruit is dark purple, the flesh is green with a small amount of seeds
  6. The variety has immunity to solanaceous diseases
Diamond Eggplant Seeds

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages include:

  • Grade high-yielding, with 1 square. meters can collect up to 8 kg of fruit
  • Resistance to fungal and viral diseases
  • Bush compact, less branched
  • Excellent transportability and storage time
  • Diamond is widely used in cooking

No apparent flaws identified.

Eggplant Diamond on a bush

Preparing the soil for planting eggplant

Since the cultivation of eggplants is carried out by seedlings, it is necessary to pre-prepare the soil for planting seeds.

Loose and nutritious soil, a guarantee of rapid germination of seeds. You can buy it in flower shops or make it yourself. To do this, mix the humus, sawdust and peat. Before adding sawdust, they must be scalded twice with boiling water to remove tar.

Soil for seedlings

Also, land can be taken directly from the garden.

Characteristics and description of the variety

Diamond eggplant variety is quite old. He was bred by Soviet breeders in 1983. However, it has not lost its relevance today. Diamond eggplant seeds with approximately the same characteristics can be found at many manufacturers. They are willing to buy for cultivation in different regions of Russia.

Diamond refers to the mid-season varieties of eggplants for open ground and greenhouses. However, to grow this heat-loving crop in a garden can only residents of the south of the country, in the northern regions will need a protective shelter. Depending on the growing conditions and climate, from the moment of emergence to the collection of the first fruits in the stage of technical maturity, 110-150 days pass. Fruiting plants for a long time - you can shoot the fruit every 8-10 days.

In the description of the variety Almaz it is indicated that it is compact, of medium plant height with the height of bushes up to 60 cm. It features amicable ripening, the absence of thorns on the cup makes harvesting work simple and safe.

Eggplant variety Diamond tying the fruits of the classical form - oblong, cylindrical, slightly thickened to the bottom, in technical ripeness - glossy, bright dark purple color. Their average size is 14–17 cm in length, up to 6 cm in diameter, and a mass of 100–170 g. In biological ripeness, the fruits have a matte shade and brown color of the skin. The flesh of young eggplants is light green in color, dense, with no signs of bitterness. Longevity and transportability of fruits are excellent.

The average yield of eggplant variety Diamond is 6-8 kg. That is how many fruits can be removed for the entire vegetation period of plants with 1 m 2. According to reviews, plants demonstrate high resistance to phytoplasmosis and mosaic, medium - to late blight, vertex rot and Fusarium wilt. The main pest of landings is the Colorado potato beetle.

Agrotechnics of cultivation and care

Diamond Eggplants grow well and bear fruit on light, warm, nutrient-rich soils. Not suitable for growing culture salt marshes, heavy clay and acidic soils. The proximity of groundwater is also not desirable for plants. The place where the eggplant will grow should be well lit by the sun.

So that the bushes are well developed, the soil is prepared in autumn. Under digging, 7-10 kg of humus is applied to 1 m 2, as well as any phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Fresh manure and mineral supplements containing chlorine are not recommended.

Diamond eggplant seeds can be immediately sown in the ground when it warms up to at least 15 ° C. For earlier production and for planting in the greenhouse, it is better to grow seedlings first. Depending on the region and location, do it in February or March. Formation of plants suitable for planting will take from 2 to 2.5 months.

For Diamond Eggplants, seedling cultivation begins with seed preparation. They are pre-pickled in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and optionally soaked in solutions of stimulants. Planting material is sown in cups, cassettes and shallow boxes filled with fertile soil, which is moistened before planting. Eggplant seeds are small, so they are buried in the soil by 1-1.5 cm, cover the container with a film.

For quick germination of eggplants in the room maintain the air temperature of 25 ° C. Sprouts begin to appear on the 5-10 day. After the mass emergence of shoots, the temperature is briefly reduced to 15 ° C, so that the seedlings do not stretch out and form good roots. Further cultivation and care consist in irrigation and 1-2 feedings with complex fertilizers with high nitrogen content.

Planted in a greenhouse or garden beds begin after they have 3-4 leaves. It is at this moment that eggplants are ready for intensive growth and the laying of fruit buds. Place the seedlings according to the scheme 60-75 * 40 cm.

If you practice early landing in open ground, monitor temperature changes. When cooling plants temporarily cover, so as not to slow down the development of the growth point and not to provoke the fall of the ovaries. A critical indicator is below 15 ° C.

Water the plants rarely, but plentifully. On average, they do it 2 times a week. In hot weather, a little more. The first feeding is given 2 weeks after transplanting, following every 2-3 weeks. First use nitrogen fertilizers, and then phosphate-potassium.

Formation of the bush is considered to be optional for the culture. However, in order to obtain earlier production and a good harvest, especially in the greenhouse, the plants are seedlings like tomatoes, and during flowering they also remove part of the leaves. This allows to improve the illumination and breathability of landings. In the ground eggplant can be tied up.

Harvesting of fruits is carried out as they ripen. Eggplants are cut with a sharp knife or raised up and gently break off (try not to damage the bush).

A bit of history: when and by whom Diamond

Sort Almaz was bred about 50 years ago. An application for registration in the State Register was filed in 1979 by employees of the Donetsk Experimental Station (Ukraine). Today, originators and patent holders are the breeder Nasrullaev N. M and the seed farm “Intersem” (Stavropol Territory). Diamond has a permit to grow in the Central Black Earth, Volga region, zoned for Western Siberia, the Urals and the Far East.

How to calculate the time of planting seedlings

Her optimum age on the day of disembarkation is 60–70 days. If you plan to grow in the open field, then you need to count this period, plus a week for the emergence of seedlings from the day when return frost ends in your region. In the greenhouse, seedlings are usually planted 2 weeks earlier, which means that the sowing date moves another 14 days ago.

Suitable soil is half the success when growing seedlings

The soil for sowing eggplants can be bought in the store. Good reviews are received by Terra vita and Fusco soil mixes. They do not need to be prepared and disinfected. The soil already contains loosening and nutrients.

Terra vita soil mix receives the maximum amount of positive feedback from gardeners

If you use the land from your plot or scored somewhere in the forest or near the house, you need to mix it with humus, peat or sawdust (in proportions 1: 1: 1) and add a glass of wood ash to the mixture bucket. But this is not enough: because in such a land are insects or their eggs and larvae, as well as harmful fungi and bacteria,Soil mixture needs to be heated to 100 ° C in any available way: steam in a water bath, spill with boiling water, heat on a stove or grill, in an oven or microwave to get rid of pests. After heat treatment, leave the soil alone for a week to restore the natural beneficial microflora.

Seed preparation and sowing: is it necessary to decontaminate and why to germinate

The store sells raw and processed (in colored glaze) seeds. You can prepare the seed yourself, taking the seeds from a ripe fruit and well dried them.

Diamond Eggplant Seeds can be removed from a fully ripe fruit, washed, dried and stored until seeding.

On the surface of untreated and self-produced seeds, microbes and fungi can live, so they must be decontaminated before sowing. To pickle or sanitize seeds can be one of the ways:

  • hold for 5 minutes in hot water (+50 ° C),
  • immerse for 20 minutes in a strong solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 l of water),
  • pickle 15 minutes in a solution of hydrogen peroxide (2-3 ml per 100 ml of water).

After disinfection, wash the seeds, dry them and start sowing.

To get an earlier seedling, germinate the seeds in a damp cloth or between cotton wool moistened with water at a temperature of + 27–30 ° C for several days. It is impossible to soak and germinate purchased seeds in colored glaze - you will destroy the protective shell of fungicides and stimulants.

Germinated seeds are best sown immediately one by one into individual cups with a depth and width of about 8 cm. Germination of dry seeds is worse, therefore, to save land, containers and window places, it is more profitable to sow them in a common box or plastic container, and then those that germinate, plant on separate pots. Sowing depth - 1–2 cm. Favorable temperature for the emergence of seedlings is the same as for germination.

There is a sowing method with boiling water to speed seed germination. Not all gardeners consider it effective, but many use it in preparing seedlings.

Care seedlings: lights, picking, watering, feeding, hardening

Replace the emerged shoots of eggplant Diamond on the brightest window without drafts. At night it should not be colder than +15 ° C, and during the day - hotter than +32 ° C. The optimum temperature is + 25–27 ° C. In the early days, the roots of the seedlings are still weak, so keep the soil always moist, even on the surface, so as not to overdry them. Another important aspect is illumination. Eggplants need more light than tomatoes. In addition, they can not be buried and sprinkled with earth. So, it is necessary to eliminate the stretching of bushes due to insufficient illumination. If there is little light on the window, use phytolamps. You can also use a luxmeter (a device that is used to measure the level of illumination). With it, you can understand whether you need lights. Readings should be at around 12 thousand lux (a unit of measurement of illumination) and above. The longitude of the day for the good development of any seedlings - 12-14 hours.

If you grow light-loving seedlings every year, buy a luxmeter - it will help you to find out if the plants have enough light before they stretch.

When on plants, except cotyledons, there will be another 1-2 leaves, rip the eggplants from the common container into separate pots. If you sowed directly into an individual container, then you do a picking only in the case when the size of the above-ground part will exceed the volume of a clod of earth in cups.

To know whether it is time to transplant seedlings, use containers with transparent walls. You will clearly see that the roots have entangled the whole clod of earth and they have nowhere to grow.

Eggplants do not like being disturbed by their roots, they take a long time to take root in the new packaging, they lag behind in development. Each pick can delay harvest for a week. So try to grow eggplants with only one transplant and handle the roots very carefully. When picking, gently knock each plant out of the common container, grabbing a clod of earth with its roots. Then put it together with a lump in a larger container and pour fresh earth around it (this method is called transshipment). Close growing eggplants do not sever, better pinch one sprout.

Video: picking up seedlings from a common pot in a pot

For growing seedlings with well developed roots, constantly wet soil is no longer needed, the top layer should dry out. Loosen it or cover with shredded dry grass. Water only when the leaves begin to droop. Eggplants in spacious pots can give such signals once every 2-3 days, and adults who are wrapped with roots in the whole clod of earth - twice in a day. Use water at room temperature.

In the cups must be drainage holes. If you use a one-time plastic, then drill them yourself, and not necessarily at the bottom. It is enough to make 2–3 holes on the sides in the lower part of the container (1–2 cm above the bottom).

The seedling period lasts 2 months, which means that Diamond eggplants need additional feedings. Give the first 2 weeks after the picking, then repeat every 10-14 days and stop one week before disembarking to a permanent place. As a fertilizer, use the well-known Fertika Lux (former Kemira) - 1 tbsp. l 10 liters of water. A week before landing on a permanent place, begin quenching: take out the seedlings to the street, gradually increasing the time spent in the sun until the whole day. Keep in mind that on warm and windy days, seedlings need to be watered more often, and on rainy days - cleaned under a roof or shed.

Before planting, gradually accustom eggplants to sunlight and cool air.

Soil preparation on the site and landing

It is advisable to dig up the earth and fill it with fertilizers in advance (2–3 weeks or since the fall) so that all the components are mixed, dissolved, and made into a form accessible to plants. All eggplants, including the Diamond variety, love fertile and loose soil. For 1 m² add a bucket of compost or humus and 2 cups of wood ash. In the greenhouse, eggplants can be planted together with tomatoes, but arrange the rows so that the plants do not shade each other: to the fore, facing the south, short, and the background - tall. That is, tomatoes below the diamond plant from the south side of it, tall - from the north. You can not grow eggplants in the same greenhouse with cucumbers, because cucumbers need frequent watering, from this the humidity in the greenhouse rises, the fruits of eggplants rot. Well coexist on the same bed eggplant and peppers.

Video: a positive experience of growing eggplants and peppers in one greenhouse

The day before planting, water the seedlings well. The layout on the garden is 50 × 40 cm. The procedure for planting Diamond eggplant seedlings is as follows:

  1. Make the hole the size of the pot.
  2. Fill it with warm water.
  3. When the water is absorbed, plant a shrub with a clod of earth in the hole, sprinkle it with additional soil and compact the landing site.
  4. Tumble around the bush with dry grass.

Video: care for eggplant Diamond in the open field

Eggplant Diamond does not set fruit without pollination; therefore, it is necessary to provide access to pollinating insects in the greenhouse. One of the best pollinators are bees. In the greenhouse, you need to open the doors and windows to let in pollinating insects. Also airing is necessary after each watering.

Bees pollinate eggplants well. Diamond in a greenhouse.

Water the eggplants in the morning under the root on the same principle as in the seedling period: the leaves drooped - it means not enough moisture. Per one plant spend 1-2 liters of water. On dry and hot days, you can arrange a shower of watering can.

Colorado potato beetle on eggplant: how to fight

Eggplants are often affected by the Colorado potato beetle. There are two ways to fight:

  • collect beetles and larvae by hand,
  • use insecticides, i.e. poisons.

Fruits treated with chemistry are harmful to our health. But drugs have been created that are sufficient to apply once, immediately after disembarkation. For example, the drug Corado (1 ml per 10 liters of water) is absorbed into the leaves, spreads throughout the plant and has a detrimental effect on pests for 3-4 weeks. Thus, eggplants will be protected during the period when they are most vulnerable - they form young and tender leaves, bloom and start to bear fruit.

Corado protects Diamond Diamond eggplants from the Colorado potato beetle for 3-4 weeks

It is no longer possible to spray insecticides later. In the period of mass fruiting, beetles will have to be collected by hand.

Some gardeners have already experienced the effectiveness of plastic bottles in protecting against the Colorado potato beetle. The bottom and the top of the bottles are cut, the cylinders are put on newly planted sprouts. These cylinders remain on eggplants until the end of the growing season; they do not limit the growth of the bushes.

Colorado beetles can fly, but most individuals still crawl and attack eggplants from the ground. Smooth plastic for them is an insurmountable obstacle, they have not yet learned to move around it. Additional benefits of plastic “corsets” - plants get protection from the wind, the soil at the roots dries out less, the bushes take root faster.

When it is necessary to form an eggplant bush Diamond

A lot of controversy is caused by the formation of an eggplant Diamond bush. Some gardeners do not stepson bushes of this variety, others remove all stepchildren below the first bud, and above already allow branching, others grow in one stalk. Whether you need to pinch a diamond depends on the region, the weather and the state of the eggplant. In the south, seedlings can be grown without any formation. In central Russia and Siberia, where the summer is short, proceed as follows:

  1. Shtambik form - before the first fork, remove all stepchildren.
  2. When 5-6 fruits are tied, pinch the tops of the shoots.
  3. After pinching, remove already opened and reappearing flowers. Of them do not have time to grow eggplant.

From the ground to the first fork, all the stepchildren on the Diamond Eggplant bush are cut off

In addition to weather conditions, there are still situations because of which eggplants do not have time to give a full harvest. For example, you are late in planting, the seedlings stretched out, grew weak, delayed development, the bush severely damaged the Colorado beetles, etc. In other words, if you see that the bush lags far behind, only blooms when the first fruits are already ripening, then form it in one stalk, leave only the top 3-4 stepsons. At the end of July, pinch all the tops and remove the flowers that did not manage to set fruit.

Video: Diamond eggplant passerhead

There is a practice of pinching the tops of the eggplant stem as early as the seedling period for better branching. Eggplant varieties Diamond without any pinching perfectly branch and give a lot of stepsons.

For any type of bush formation, tear off the lower leaves. They are in contact with the ground, begin to turn yellow and rot, can become a source of infection of the entire bush.

How to save the grown crop

Cut the eggplants when they grow to the typical size of the variety - 14-18 cm. As soon as possible, remove the lowest fruits concerning the ground,otherwise they may rot. In addition, removing the first fruit, you stimulate the bush to form new ovaries. Diamond can be stored fresh in the refrigerator for about a month. But for this, take the fruits without any damage and pack them in film. In the freezer eggplant is stored until the next harvest. And from the frozen, you can make the same dishes that of fresh, but they are cooked faster.

Before freezing, eggplants can be cut into pieces or plastic, in the winter they will only have to get it and throw it into the pan or in a frying pan

Delicious Diamond Eggplant

Diamond Eggplant varieties are devoid of bitterness, so before cooking they do not need to be soaked in salted water. Fresh eggplants are prepared with side dishes, stews, lasagna, meatballs, dressings, they are added to various soups, salads, stuffed, grilled. Also this vegetable is a valuable raw material for canning. Among the winter blanks, eggplant caviar is considered the most famous in Russia.

Reviews of eggplant variety Diamond

I plant diamond eggplant every year. He's in my pets. Always a great harvest. Delicious, thin skin.

Eliseushka

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=84.0

This year I bought 4 varieties: Diamond (Alena Lux), Black Handsome (Search), Swan (Semko) and Japanese dwarf (I do not remember the company). I am lazy by nature, so I don’t pay any special attention to them. They will grow - well, they will not grow - and figs with them. Agrotechnology - like pepper. True, I have the eggplant stepson and I remove the lower leaves, which I do not do with pepper. Well, most of all I liked this year Diamond. Despite the very difficult summer - did not disappoint. Next year I will definitely put it on.

Lyubashka

https://forum.tvoysad.ru/viewtopic.php?t=124

Diamond, of course, the old proven grade. But there are varieties and more tasty!

kat-leo

https://forum.tvoysad.ru/viewtopic.php?t=124

Diamond is the most unpretentious, I think it is happy with the harvest, this year I planted a taste of mushrooms for a sample, we'll see. Dive when two true leaves.

Kortec

http://greenforum.com.ua/archive/index.php/t-2561.html

I love the Diamond variety, on it more fruits are tied.

speisialta

http://greenforum.com.ua/archive/index.php/t-2561.html

Diamond among other varieties differs unpretentious on the background of high yields. When growing, pay special attention to seedlings, provide optimal conditions for its development. The more powerful the young plants, the higher their productivity during the fruiting period.

Landing technology

How to plant eggplants variety Diamond?

  • Seeds are planted at a depth of 2 - 3 cm, in the wet ground
  • Planted seed, covered with foil and retracted in a warm, bright place.
  • After 2 weeks, the first shoots will appear, only if a comfortable temperature has been created for the seeds (24-26 degrees)
  • Seedlings are watered with warm water using a spray bottle.
  • After 14 days spend the first feeding of young shoots

For good germination, high temperature and moderate humidity are required.

Diamond Eggplant Seedlings

  • After the emergence of seedlings, the film is removed and the seedlings are hardened. For this it is necessary to gradually lower the air temperature to 18 - 20 degrees. Hardening is carried out for quick adaptation of the plant, when transplanting to a permanent place.

Planting Eggplant Diamond

  • Seedlings are planted at the age of 50 -70 days.
  • If Diamond Eggplant will grow in the open field, the place must be prepared in a sunny, draughty place.
  • The distance between the rows - 60 cm, and between plants - 40 cm.

Departure after landing

Care is reduced to:

Loosening gives access to air to the roots, and timely removal of weeds protects the plant from all sorts of diseases, since weeds are a good carrier of fungi and viruses. Loosening, conducting superficially, so as not to damage the root system.

Plant feeding is carried out in three stages:

  1. The first top dressing with urea is made at the age of 18 - 20 days from transplant to a permanent place.
  2. The second with the use of superphosphate and urea - a month after the first.
  3. Third, during the formation of the fruit. You can use mullein.
Rules for feeding eggplants

If Diamond eggplant poorly forms the ovary and fruit, the plant must be fertilized with potash fertilizers.

To do this, the plant is sprayed with a sweet solution prepared: 100 grams of sugar, 2 grams of boric acid diluted in a liter of hot water.

Disease and Prevention

Although the variety is resistant to various diseases, with improper care it can strike:

  • Late blight. The disease is manifested by the appearance of white spots on the leaves. With no assistance, the fruits rot, and the aboveground part dies.
  • Cruciform flea. Black spots are massively formed on the plant, which destroy young seedlings with great speed.
  • Blackleg. It occurs when soil moisture is high. The root collar turns dark and the bush begins to wither quickly.
  • Mosaic. On the leaves and fruits formed a kind of intricate pattern. As a result, the bush fades and perishes.

  • In crop rotation
  • Seed preparation
  • Planting seedlings to cotyledon leaves
  • Timely removal of infected plants
  • Watering is carried out only with warm water.

Harvesting and storage rules

Eggplant ripens on day 30 after the formation of the fruit. Eggplant, a multi-ripening crop and therefore harvesting is done every 7 days as the fruit ripens. Fruits cut off with a sharp shears along with the stem. Since Diamond has a non-piercing calyx, this procedure can be carried out boldly, without fear of cutting with sharp spikes.

Before storage, the fruit must be carefully sorted, removing all damaged and diseased fruit. A healthy vegetable has an elastic, clean, no visible damage to the surface.

Selected fruits are placed on the stalk of straw down, covered with a bag and left for 11 days. Then carry out a secondary selection. Fruits that have passed the test of time, wrapped in paper and clean in a cool place.

Carrying out all the recommendations for the care of Diamond Eggplant, wasted effort and time will not be in vain. Shrub will thank delicious, large fruits that can be used in the preparation of culinary masterpieces.

Advantages and disadvantages

Among the advantages distinguish:

  • unpretentious care,
  • excellent taste,
  • excellent technological properties
  • transportability over long distances
  • high yield.

Against the background of the advantages of the disadvantages of eggplant do not seem so serious. The lower fruits are in contact with the ground. As a result, a bright spot is formed, under which is firm pulp. Each vegetable has a large number of seeds that some people feel in food.

Plant growing rules

Vegetable can be grown in two ways - seedlings and seeding in the ground. The first option is considered the most effective for eggplant. If you sow the seeds in the open soil, the crop can not wait because of weather conditions. Also take into account the ripening period of the fruit.

Landing dates

Work with planting material usually begin in the second half of winter. Planting in open ground is carried out after the age of eggplant reaches 65-70 days. Begin to grow in the open ground after late frosts. In addition, the soil should be well warmed up so that the seeds of eggplant gave strong shoots.

Soak

For the procedure suitable usual potassium permanganate. The solution should be a light pink hue. Eggplant seeds are immersed in a warm liquid for 20-25 minutes. After that, the solution is drained and the seeds are washed with running water.

The method has a positive effect on germination. It is necessary to prepare a nutrient medium. As a rule, it can be a special preparation or wood ash. At 1 liter of water will need 1 tsp. fertilizer. Seeds are soaked in it and left for 24 hours.

Hardening seed

Hardening has a positive effect on the further growth of young plants. After processing the planting material it is put on the gauze, allowing it to dry slightly. Eggplant seeds are placed in the lower sections of the refrigerator for a day. Then repeat the procedure of hardening and put the seeds in the refrigerator again. As soon as the stage is completed, the seeds are immediately planted in the ground.

Sowing seeds is recommended to do in separate cups. Diamond eggplant variety does not tolerate a pick, and this approach will save him from unnecessary stress. The fragile eggplant root system can be damaged during the picking, as it is necessary to separate the seedlings from each other. Growth in individual containers has a positive effect on the seedlings themselves, they are strong and healthy.

2 or 3 grains are planted in each cup. This is a kind of reinsurance, because not all sprout. If there are 2 or 3 shoots, choose the strongest for further transplantation. Eggplant seeds can be planted in large containers. At the same time keep a distance of 6-7 cm between the landing sites.

Seed material is immersed in the soil to a depth of 2 cm. In order for seedlings to appear as early as possible, certain conditions are created. In the room where the future seedlings, expose the temperature of 22 ° C. Top cover with a film to create a greenhouse effect.

How to care for culture

From hothouse conditions refuse when shoots appear. For the normal development of shoots, the temperature is reduced to 15 ° C. A low figure will slow the pulling out of the eggplant stems and help form the root system. After 1-2 weeks, the temperature is raised to continue the development of the aerial part of the plant.

The seedling, as well as the adult plant, needs regular watering. Water is better to take separated, but not too cold. The irrigation procedure is carried out as the earthen clod dries. As practice shows, once every 3 days is enough.

In addition to watering, young eggplant sprouts need fertilization. Feeding is carried out every 2 weeks. Urea is used for organic growth. Potassium is shown with a sharp extrusion of the green part. As a feed you can use organic fertilizers: mullein, bird droppings, slurry.

Diamond is an eggplant variety that does not stand out in demanding. But before planting in the ground, pre-hardening of young seedlings is necessary. The procedure is simple and does not involve the use of any tools. Gardener need to make pots of green in the open air.

The first eggplant quenching procedure takes 15 minutes. Every day the interval is increased by 2-3 minutes. Weather conditions on the street should be favorable so as not to freeze the culture. Warm air and the rays of the sun - another requirement.

The plant will transfer the transplant better and take root in a new place if it has at least 5 leaves. With the advent of this number of sheets, there is a sufficient development of the eggplant root system. After the emergence of sprouts, they are counted for 70 days and transplanted into open soil. The landing time falls on the end of May and lasts until the beginning of June.

This period is favorable for disembarking, since the earth has time to warm up and there is no frost. Before planting seedlings soil is watered, loosening it. The root is deepened by 7 cm, planting sprouts in rows. Between plants you need to maintain a distance of 30 cm, and between the rows - 65 cm. For 1 square. m soil enough to plant 6 eggplants.

Protection against diseases and pests

Eggplant Diamond is rarely affected by plant diseases. The most dangerous pest for a vegetable is the Colorado potato beetle. Being in the larvae stage, it rapidly affects the green mass of the culture. Rows of young seedlings from time to time suffer from parasitizing spider mites.

The pest actively multiplies in regions with a humid climate and high air temperature.

Mass damage to the culture is brought by slugs, nibbling not only the leaves, but also the shoots. Least of all suffer from aphids, bears and whiteflies. Periodic treatment of eggplant insecticidal drugs protects the bushes from pests. The soil also needs disinfection. Rows sprinkled with slaked lime or wood ash.

In order to reduce the number of plant treatments with chemical preparations, competent preventive measures are carried out and the agrotechnical steps are observed.

Stimulation

If the seeds are not germinated before planting, growth promoters can be used. These drugs accumulate nutrients for good germination.

As stimulants, you can use: Kornevin, Zircon, Heteroauxin and Epin.

Since the cultivation of eggplants is carried out by seedlings, it is necessary to pre-prepare the soil for planting seeds.

Loose and nutritious soil, a guarantee of rapid germination of seeds. You can buy it in flower shops or make it yourself. To do this, mix the humus, sawdust and peat. Before adding sawdust, they must be scalded twice with boiling water to remove tar.

Soil for seedlings

Also, land can be taken directly from the garden.

The land where they grew tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, eggplant is not suitable for planting seeds. The best predecessors - cucumbers and cabbage.

How to plant eggplants variety Diamond?

  • Seeds are planted at a depth of 2 - 3 cm, in the wet ground
  • Planted seed, covered with foil and retracted in a warm, bright place.
  • After 2 weeks, the first shoots will appear, only if a comfortable temperature has been created for the seeds (24-26 degrees)
  • Seedlings are watered with warm water using a spray bottle.
  • After 14 days spend the first feeding of young shoots

For good germination, high temperature and moderate humidity are required.

Diamond Eggplant Seedlings

  • After the emergence of seedlings, the film is removed and the seedlings are hardened. For this it is necessary to gradually lower the air temperature to 18 - 20 degrees. Hardening is carried out for quick adaptation of the plant, when transplanting to a permanent place.

Planting Eggplant Diamond

  • Seedlings are planted at the age of 50 -70 days.
  • If Diamond Eggplant will grow in the open field, the place must be prepared in a sunny, draughty place.
  • The distance between the rows - 60 cm, and between plants - 40 cm.

Care is reduced to:

Watering eggplant begin 10 days after transplanting. An adult plant is watered with warm water, once every 3 to 4 days.

Loosening gives access to air to the roots, and timely removal of weeds protects the plant from all sorts of diseases, since weeds are a good carrier of fungi and viruses. Loosening, conducting superficially, so as not to damage the root system.

Plant feeding is carried out in three stages:

  1. The first top dressing with urea is made at the age of 18 - 20 days from transplant to a permanent place.
  2. The second with the use of superphosphate and urea - a month after the first.
  3. Third, during the formation of the fruit. You can use mullein.

Rules for feeding eggplants

If Diamond eggplant poorly forms the ovary and fruit, the plant must be fertilized with potash fertilizers.

With weak pollination, you can additionally entice insects - pollinators.

To do this, the plant is sprayed with a sweet solution prepared: 100 grams of sugar, 2 grams of boric acid diluted in a liter of hot water.

Eggplant Diamond

Different varieties of eggplant differ in color, shape, taste, pulp and rind, ripening.

This article will discuss Diamond grade, its description, planting method, care, and the like.

Eggplant Diamond is often chosen for cultivation by novices and experienced gardeners, as it gives a stable crop and has an excellent immune system against major diseases.

Description and characteristics of the variety

The variety Almaz is very famous, it has been used for over 10 years for growing in different regions, and, moreover, the reviews about it are, as a rule, positive.

A plant with active growth and timely feeding can reach 60 cm, but it can be even lower. The fruits are located in the lower part of the stem, about 30 cm from the ground.

There are no spikes on the calyx, so even a child can harvest without fear.

Description and characteristics of the Diamond variety

All seed packages indicate that the variety is high yielding. An average of 5.5-8 kg of Diamond Eggplant is collected per square meter.

But it is important to note that in greenhouses and greenhouses the harvest will be greater. One eggplant weighs 130-170 grams, up to 18 cm long, and up to 6 cm in diameter.

The color of the peel is dark purple, the flesh is light green, dense, there is no bitterness.

Grown in greenhouses, hotbeds in areas with a cold climate and in the open field - in cities with warm.

It is not susceptible to phytoplasmosis and mosaic virus, it is moderately resistant to vertex rot, Fusarium and late blight - at the first signs of this problem it is worth treating the plant with special bio-paraparata or chemicals. In the first stages will help and folk remedies. Transportability is high.

How to prepare seeds and seedlings?

Diamond Eggplant can be grown from seed or seedlings. In the first case, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work on the processing and selection of seeds. In the second - to prepare seedlings before planting it in a greenhouse or in open ground.

Seed and seedling preparation

Seedlings can begin to engage in the end of winter.

Seeds are sown in separate cups (peat, paper or plastic can be used).

A large container box is also suitable, but when transplanting, the roots of sprouts can be touched, such plants will take longer to settle down and the crop will ripen 2-3 weeks later.

For eggplant you need loose, nutritious land (suitable mixtures sold in stores for seedlings). After sowing, it is necessary to cover the seedlings with a film and put them in a warm place (+25 degrees) for 10 days, during which time the eggplant should germinate.

After germination, the temperature is reduced to +15 and the film is removed. Every 2 weeks you can make feeding (15 g of urea per liter of water). After 2 months, eggplant seedlings Diamond is ready for planting. A week before the procedure is hardening.

If seeds are planted in the soil, and not seedlings, then they need to be sifted, all bad (cracked, black) seeds are removed and then soaked in order to germinate.

To do this, take a cotton cloth or napkin, spread on it planting material, then cover, pour water and put in a warm place.

After 2-3 days, the seeds will hatch.

How to plant eggplants?

For planting Diamond eggplant varieties in open ground, you need a sunny place where there is no constant shade, high groundwater levels or a strong draft.

In the case of greenhouses, the room should be ventilated. From autumn soil fertilized.

If you did not have time last year, you can do it 2 weeks before planting an eggplant, but only humus is used, fresh fertilizer will burn the roots of young shoots.

Planting seedlings in the ground

The bed, regardless of the landing site, is broken according to the following scheme: 30-35 cm between individual holes, 60 cm between rows.

For planting seedlings in open ground, take only those plants that have 4-5 leaves, for greenhouses - 6-7 leaves, the rest can be left to grow. They are watered before planting so that the roots are saturated with water.

Eggplant seeds can be planted only in soil heated to +15 degrees. Planting density is small, 5 cm is left between the seeds. After the seedlings appear, they are thinned, removing or replanting the weakest. Strong shoots should grow at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other.

6 Important Diamond Eggplant Care Points

To obtain a rich harvest, you must follow the rules for the care of eggplant varieties Diamond.

Diamond Eggplant Care

  1. Watering is carried out every 3 days. During a drought - daily.
  2. Weeding and cleaning the weeds allows the plant to grow faster.
  3. Every 3 weeks after planting seedlings or emergence of seedlings (seed method) should be fed. The first time with urea, the second time with urea with superphosphate, and when the fruits appeared, a solution of mullein, potassium humate (1 g / 10 l of water). After the fruits appear, you can use simple ash, pour it on the ground right before watering.
  4. The formation of bushes allows you to quickly harvest. There should be no more than two or three stems, the strongest and the tallest. All the extra ones are removed so that they don’t draw the strength of the bush, but this should be done before flowering. After the first flowers appear on the plant, only the yellow leaves can be torn off (to ease the load on the plant) or the crop. They are not necessary to remove the steps. The Diamond variety has the properties to form ovaries on the stepsons, so by removing them, after the bush starts flowering, you can lose the crop or simply reduce its volume.
  5. The garter is almost as obligatory as the watering. The fruits of the plant are heavy, without a garter, they can break the stem.
  6. Most eggplant Diamond suffers from "attacks" of the Colorado potato beetle. It needs to be collected in the morning and evening, or to treat the plant with any effective drug.

When to harvest and how to store it?

Harvest can be as soon as it reaches technical maturity - will acquire a dark purple color. It is important to do this in a timely manner.

If the fetus was in contact with the ground for a long time, pests could have crossed over to it.

So every day is to pass through the series and cut off all the long, reached the ground eggplant.

Store eggplant Diamond best in the refrigerator. It is possible in the boxes in the cellar at a fairly low temperature and the presence of a ventilation system. The Diamond grade is used for preparation of various dishes, conservation, frosts.

Eggplant Diamond: Growing Yourself - Rules and Recommendations!

Eggplant is a tasty and healthy crop that many gardeners enjoy growing in their homestead land.

Eggplants are not considered to be too whimsical or capricious plants, with proper care and timely feeding you can get a fairly large crop of this crop.

Vegetable with a rather exotic color is used in many recipes.

Eggplants are popular with adherents of a healthy lifestyle, as they have low calorie content, great taste, a full set of vitamins and macronutrients that people need.

In the photo eggplant variety "Diamond"

Growing eggplants in your backyard is no more difficult than any other fruit and vegetable crop. The most popular is Almaz, which is distinguished by high yield and good resistance to cold.

Planting seeds

Eggplant varieties Diamond very poorly tolerate the pick, therefore, to obtain strong and healthy seedlings, it is best to sow the seeds in separate containers in order to transplant the plants immediately to the ground. Diamond Eggplant has a very fragile and branched root system, which can be damaged during the forced separation of plants from each other when picking.

The soil should be mixed: turf ground, sand, peat soil.

It should be noted that seed germination will be more rapid if all the necessary potash fertilizers are immediately applied to the soil: potassium, magnesium, and nitrogen.

You can use ready-made store mixes or peat cups, in which the nutrient content is balanced.

The use of peat cups

When planting seeds, it is recommended to sow in one small container of 2-3 grains in order to select the strongest plant in the future. If the seeds are sown in a box, you need to leave at least 5 cm between the seeds.

Immerse seed need to soil 1.5-2 cm.

For active similarity, certain conditions should be created for the seeds: the air temperature should be at least 22 degrees, constant watering and the presence of a film that will create a greenhouse effect.

After sprouting of seeds, it is not necessary to create seedlings of greenhouse conditions, the shoots of the plants grow well at a temperature of 14-16 degrees.

Low temperature allows the root system to form correctly and slow down the stem stretching.

After some time, you can raise the temperature to begin to develop the aboveground part of the plant.

During the entire growing seedlings should not forget about watering and feeding of young plants. Watering seedlings should be in 2-3 days, feed in 10 - 15 days.

Urea is most commonly used for organic growth, and if the plant stems begin to drastically increase, potassium can be used. Also suitable for feeding organic types of fertilizers.

It is important to know. In warm climates with high humidity, eggplant seeds can be sown directly directly into open ground or greenhouses.

After the seedlings emerge, the plants should be thinned, giving preference to the strongest and healthiest seedlings. The distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.

Hardening seedlings

Despite the fact that the Diamond variety is considered to be a rather unpretentious type of eggplant, it is advisable to pre-harden seedlings before transplanting into open ground.

Hardening of seedlings in the open air

To do this, it is recommended to take the pots of seedlings to the open air. This should be done a month before the plants will be transplanted to a permanent place.

The first time the seedlings should be hardened for 15-20 minutes, increasing the time interval with each passing day.

The weather must be warm sunny, otherwise you can freeze the plants, which will affect the growth and yield.

Diamond Eggplant Transplant

In order for plants to take root in a new place, it is advisable to transplant them only after 5-7 leaves appear on the stem and the root system develops sufficiently. This happens at 60-70 days after seed germination.

The optimal time for disembarking in central Russia is May 25 - June 10. At this time, the earth warms well, frost on the ground - a rare phenomenon. Before transplantation, it is necessary to water the ground well in the greenhouse, loosen the soil.

Planted in rows, the root system is deepened into the soil by 6-7 cm. The recommended distance between rows should be at least 65-70 cm, between plants in a row - 25-30 cm. The optimum density is 6-7 plants per square meter of soil.

Photo of eggplant transplant

Diamond care after transplanting

When transplanting plants, it is advisable to choose a day that is not too sunny so that the plants have time to adapt to a new place.

When planting, it is recommended to properly compress the ground near the root in order to carefully fix the plant in the ground.

After transplantation, it is recommended to re-soak the soil with moisture.

Mid-season culture with the right transplant quickly takes root in a new place. It is important that the seedlings are not planted too close to each other, which may further affect the formation of bushes and yields.

Planted eggplant seedlings

Watering plants in open and closed ground is desirable to carry out after 7-8 days. The Diamond variety is quite drought tolerant, but a lack of moisture can cause wilting of seedlings, which will quickly lead to plant death.

During the growing season, Diamond Eggplants need several feedings.

Since the root system of plants is very fragile, it is desirable to gently weed and loosen the ground near the bushes.

You can use the mulching system to avoid weed germination and injury to the roots of the crop when weeding.

During the formation of the bush is recommended to remove the lower points of growth, so that the plant had several strong branches. During flowering and fruiting, remove excess ovaries, leaving 4-5 pieces on a bush.

Be sure to systematically inspect the bushes for diseases and pests, carry out spraying in case of detection of diseases.

Mature fruits should be harvested constantly, as the crop ripens unevenly. It is best to cut Diamond eggplants with garden shears, since the fruits are formed on the lower part of the bush and if broken, the branches can be damaged.

Ripe harvest needs to be removed from the bushes

Growing by seedless method

It is important to know. Ripened eggplants should be cleaned on time, as over-ripe fruits with brown peel become poisonous. When overriding in the pulp, the toxic substance solanin is formed, which can cause problems with digestion and respiratory system.

Mature eggplant for cooking

Characteristics of eggplant variety Almaz

Diamond Eggplant - a versatile, reliable, proven look. In warm regions, the cultivation of diamond is carried out in the open field, in the cold - used greenhouses, greenhouses.

Variety refers to ripening in the middle. Diamond bush grows to 60 cm tall. Fruits are formed at the bottom of the stem (30 cm from the ground surface).

Eggplant calyx without thorns, which will save hands from tingling.

In the description of the Diamond it is impossible not to indicate its advantages:

  • The main advantage in the description of this variety is a good yield. On one square meter you can collect up to eight kilograms of fruit. They are cylindrical in shape, reaching a length of 13-14 centimeters. On average, the diameter of one eggplant will be around centimeters. The mass of one fruit reaches 130-140 grams.
  • An important advantage of the Diamond is its resistance to phytoplasmosis, a mosaic virus. The variety has a medium resistance to fungal diseases (vertex rot, blight, Fusarium).
  • Excellent transportability of fruits.

Eggplant variety Diamond is successfully used in cooking, as a snack dish in fresh and canned form.

Diamond eggplant variety successfully used in cooking

Growing up

There are two ways to grow eggplant:

  1. using seedlings
  2. without seedlings - from seeds.

Diamond seedlings need to be engaged at the end of winter or in the early days of spring. The stages of growing seedlings in the following way:

  1. Prepare boxes or other containers for growing seeds with loose, nutritious soil.
  2. Sow the seeds. You can use separate bags or cups, so as not to spoil the root system. So, the seedlings will take root faster than from the total capacity.
  3. Spend abundant watering of seeds with warm water and cover with plastic wrap for a period of 10 days.
  4. Put a box with seedlings in a warm place where the temperature will be about +25 degrees.
  5. When shoots appear, the temperature is reduced to +15 degrees. This is done in order for the plant to form a strong root system.
  6. After 14-15 days, feed the seedlings. You can take urea with water (15-20 grams of urea diluted in one liter of water).
  7. The transplanting should be carried out in 2-2.5 months. During this period, it will get stronger. Saplings with 4-5 leaves are planted in the open ground. Before planting, watering the seedlings carefully. If the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, it should grow no less than 6-7 leaves.
  8. The place for planting the Almaz variety should be well lit, and the soil should be pre-fertilized with compost.
  9. The distance between the eggplant rows should be about 60 cm, and between the pits for planting about 40 cm.

Saplings with 4-5 leaves are planted in open ground

Applying a seedless growing method, it is necessary to soak the seeds of Diamond in water and sow in the ground heated to +15 degrees.

It is useful, together with eggplant seed, to sow radishes, which will protect young sprouts from weeds. When the seedlings grow, they must be thinned out, leaving the best shoots.

Sprouts should be at a distance of 20-30 cm. One from another.

Diamond Eggplant: cultivation, planting and care, characteristics and description of the variety

Vegetable variety Almaz is considered to be a proven experience of many gardeners and time.

Planting of this variety can be planted in regions with a warm climate in unprotected soil; in colder areas, eggplant varieties are usually grown in a greenhouse or greenhouse. The plant is quite high: it can reach 0.6 meters.

But at the same time, the vegetables themselves are located at the bottom of the stem, towering 0.3 meters above the ground. Sheet cup has no spikes on its surface, so you can not cut your hands when harvesting.

One of the significant advantages of a variety is its high yield. On average, up to 8 kilograms of ripe fruits can be collected per unit of area.

The shape of such vegetables resembles a cylinder with a length of up to 0.18 meters and an average diameter of 0.06 meters. On average, one eggplant weighs 0.13 - 0.14 kilograms. The level of ripeness of the fruit can be determined by the characteristic color of the vegetable: violet.

The flesh of the fruit has a greenish color, it is quite dense and not bitter at all.

In addition to yield, an important advantage of a vegetable is its resistance to attacks of parasites. Another advantage of the plant is the pleasant taste of the fruit.

The variety shows high resistance to phytoplasmosis (stolbur), as well as viral mosaic. Fungal diseases culture may be affected in 1 of 2 cases.

Vegetable may be subject to fusarium, late blight, and its fruits may be attacked by vertex rot. Eggplants can be successfully transported over long distances. Usually, the fruits of the diamond used in cooking.

They cook delicious snacks, salads, hot. Fruits can be successfully preserved for the winter.

Growing vegetables can be done in several ways: using seedlings or in a seedless way, in which the seeds of eggplant variety Almaz are directly buried in the ground.

Growing young shoots begin at the very end of winter or early spring. For this, the seeds are sown in pre-prepared containers or in individual pouches or pots. In this case, there is less risk of damaging the roots when transplanting young individuals.

In some tanks, seedlings take root much faster, produce more yield, and the fruits ripen a few weeks earlier than when growing young individuals in a common container.

The soil for planting should be well loosened, saturated with nutrients and soft. The best option is a mixture of turf, sand, peat and various dressings.

Containers with grains are actively moistened, covered with a film and placed for 10 days in a warm place where the temperature is kept at least 25 °. After the first shoots appear on the surface, the ambient temperature should be lowered to 15 °.

Such a simple procedure will help form strong roots in plants. Every few weeks, the sprouts need a nutritional supplement. To do this, young shoots are usually watered with a solution of urea (no more than 0.02 kilogram of substance is used per liter of liquid).

After a couple of months, the sprouts grow significantly stronger and become ready for transplanting to a permanent place of residence.

In the open ground is to move the seedlings with 4-5 sheets on it. Landings should be carried out in a well-lit area. At the same time, the soil where young individuals will grow should be abundantly fertilized with compost.

Before planting seedlings in a new place, she needs to water well. Between the rows, it is worth keeping a distance of 0.6 meters, and between the pits - 0.3-0.4 meters. For transplanting to a greenhouse, young individuals must be “older”: have about 7 sheets.

The planting scheme in this case is no different from transplanting plants into unprotected soil.

As for the second method of growing vegetables, in this case it is worth sowing seeds that have been previously soaked in water or have already been germinated.

Soil for the procedure should be heated: to have a temperature of at least 15 °.

The density of sowing is 0.03 - 0.04 kilograms of grains per 10 square meters.

Experienced gardeners, along with the crop planted radishes, which is an excellent defender against weeds.

Adult shoots need to thin out, leaving only the strongest and mature individuals, keeping a distance of 0.2 - 0.3 meters between them.

Plant care varieties is no different from this event for other vegetable varieties. After planting, you should regularly carry out moistening (once every 3 days).

During a drought, water culture is needed more often. Weeding is very important for young individuals, because it loosens the ground and eliminates weeds. The first fertilizer can be applied 20 days after planting.

Urea solution is commonly used as a beneficial substance. The procedure is repeated a month later with the same solution with the addition of superphosphate.

After the appearance of the first fruits, it is necessary to water the culture with a solution of mullein.

Watch the video: How to Grow Eggplants - Complete Growing Guide (October 2019).

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