Black (black) and red rowan - distant relatives. Both plants belong to a common family, but different genera. Red - to the genus Rowan (Sorbus), black-fruited - to the genus Aronia (Aronia).
The black chokeberry is called the rowan owing only to the external similarity of inflorescences and stems: succulent false drupes, gathered in a brush. Another unifying feature is the benefits and healing properties of the fruit.
Further in the article we will consider the beneficial properties of the chokeberry, find out about the health hazards and the medicinal properties of the berries.
Black chokeberry or black chokeberry
Cultural aronia, widespread in Russian gardens, is the brainchild of Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin. Her ancestor is a wild North American shrub (Aronia Aronia) with poor edible fruits, which is considered to be a malicious weed in its homeland. Having received its seeds, the Russian breeder began lengthy experiments on the hybridization of the “American”.
According to various sources, the crossing took place either along the Aronia black choke line - Aronia is lymphystic or along the Aronia black choke line - Common Rowan. As a result, a new plant appeared with tart, slightly dry fruits, which are called “apples” in fruit growing. In honor of its creator, it received the name of Aronia Michurin.
Crop of fresh chokeberry berries
The composition of Aronia
Let's start with the question, what is useful for black chokeberry? The dark purple, almost black color of the fruits of chokeberry speaks for itself: they have a lot of anthocyanins. These substances in the plant not only play the role of a pigment, but also protect tissues from oxidative stress. How is this important for a person? The fact that anthocyanins are those notorious antioxidants that are included in the lexicon of cosmetologists and pharmacists. They neutralize oxygen free radicals that can cause cellular mutations.
The astringent taste of black fruit is a merit of tannins. These are the so-called “tannins”, which bind carcinogens and reduce the risk of tumor formation.
The fruits of chokeberry, despite the sweetness, are quite low-calorie - only 55kcal per 100 g. The vitamin-mineral composition is rich:
Black Rowan Cure
And now we will consider the healing properties of blackfruits. The fruits of chokeberry have long been adopted as a medicinal raw material. Special attention should be paid to people with cardiovascular problems and diabetics. If you eat only 100 grams of black apples daily, you can quickly adjust your cholesterol and blood sugar levels. The use of these fruits for medicinal purposes is indicated for many diseases:
- Hypertension. Aronia has a diuretic effect, due to which the blood volume decreases, and the pressure decreases.
- Atherosclerosis. Flavonoids and vitamins C, E and A strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
- Reduced immunity and inflammatory processes. Aronia anthocyanins can also help with infectious diseases of bacterial etiology.
- Hypoacid gastritis. The fruits of chokeberry increase the acidity of gastric juice.
- Sleep disturbancenervousness. The chernoplodka reduces excitability by acting as a natural sedative.
- Toxicosis pregnant. The hepatoprotective effect of chokeberry fruit helps to cope with nausea.
- Diarrhea. Tannins have astringent action, normalizing digestion.
- Visual impairment. Vitamin A, which is part of the visual purpura, normalizes many processes. Especially useful black worm for "senile eyes", reducing the risk of glaucoma and cataracts.
- Aronia fruits Recommended to people affected by radiation or living in areas with poor ecology.In this case, you need to ensure that the fruits used are grown in safe regions.
The use of chokeberry is obvious, but we should not forget about the precautionary measures. People with thrombosis, ulcerative processes of the stomach and intestines, with colitis, constipation, hyperacid gastritis and hypotension should be consumed with caution.
Red rowan is a familiar element of Russian phytocenoses. It occurs everywhere, includes many species and two life forms: shrub and woody. But on her personal plots she was almost never planted on her. And in vain.
Firstly, the mountain ash perfectly gives in to formation and can become an interesting accent in decorative plantings. Secondly, its fruits are no less useful than the widely used fruits of chokeberry.
Red Rowan berries on a bush
The composition of the fruits of red berries and benefits to the body
The fruits of the red rowan are bitter and that is good. Parasorbic acid, a substance with a very high antimicrobial activity, gives them bitterness. Back in the middle of the 20th century, Mikhail Mikhailovich Shemyakin, a legendary biochemist and scientist, conducted experiments with mice infected with salmonella. After the introduction of 1 mg of diluted para-orbic acid into the peritoneum, the experimental animals recovered.
Other valuable substances found in rowan "apples" are flavonoids that can increase the body's resistance to radiation, and pectins. Gelling properties of the latter are used not only in cooking, but also in medicine - for binding and removing toxins.
Calorie fruits of mountain ash - 50 kcal per 100 g As a multivitamin raw materials, they are invaluable. Rowan - record among other plants in many respects.
Chokeberry: medicinal properties and contraindications
Fruit shrub, which is popularly known as the blackfruit, is a plant full of surprises. First, the medicinal properties of the black chokeberry are so pronounced and varied that it is grown on an industrial scale for the needs of the pharmaceutical industry.
Secondly, it is not a mountain ash at all, although it belongs to the same Rosy family. This aronia is another botanical genus.
Thirdly, it is sometimes confused with chokeberry Aronia - a wild North American shrub with small poorly edible fruits. In the Russian gardens, the black carp is correctly called the black carnival Michonin chokeberry. It was he who, through long-term selection work, cultivated the American wild, giving the world a valuable medicinal plant.
Chemical composition and caloric content of black chokeberry berries
In the strict botanical sense, black fruit are not berries. These are small apples of black or purplish-black color with seeds inside.
The chemical composition of the fruits of chokeberry Michurin is well studied. They contain:
Despite the fact that black fruit tastes quite sweet, their caloric content is quite small - only 55 kcal per 100 grams of product.
The benefits of chokeberry for the body
The medicinal properties of a plant are determined by the content of vitamins, anthocyanins, flavonoids, pectins, tannins and the composition of mineral elements in it.
For example, the ratio in the fruits of Aronia Michurin of vitamins C and P is so good that after they are consumed in tissues, the content of hyaluronic acid increases.
This natural biopolymer is actively used not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology.
A chernoplodka as a medicinal plant has the following list of properties:
- regulates blood sugar and cholesterol levels
- reduces capillary permeability, strengthens the vascular walls,
- stimulates the immune system
- has a diuretic effect,
- increases the acidity of gastric juice,
- has an astringent effect on the intestinal wall, reduces peristalsis,
- has a hepatoprotective effect
- reduces anxiety,
- inhibits the aging of the eyes,
- neutralizes exposure to radiation.
Often, the black chokeberry is used to correct iodine deficiency disorders. It is believed that in its fruits of iodine four times more than in any other. This is not entirely correct opinion. This element varies greatly depending on the region of cultivation. Aronia, which grows on iodine-poor soils, will not be rich by itself either.
Benefits aronia during pregnancy
An aleros - a plant that can reduce the manifestations of toxicosis in the first trimester of pregnancy. This is due to the hepatoprotective properties of its fruits.
In later periods, when many pregnant women suffer from edema, black worm juice can be used as a diuretic. True, you need to be careful.
If edema is accompanied by reduced pressure, it is better to refrain from consuming this product.
Aronia Michurin may be an adjunct in the treatment of such pathologies of pregnancy:
- pregnant hypertension,
- diabetes of pregnant women
- placenta previa or abruption
- intrauterine hematomas.
Before eating fruits of black insects, it is important to consult a doctor to exclude pathologies in which this product is contraindicated. It is also worth limiting it if the pregnancy is accompanied by heartburn and constipation.
Chokeberry for children
Introducing the black chop into the child's diet can be from the age of two. Slightly astringent, sour taste is not always liked by children, so it is better to combine chokeberry fruits with other fruits and berries - for example, use them as part of fresh juices, compotes or jelly.
As a remedy, the black worm will help the child with diarrhea. At the same time, it gently inhibits peristalsis and supplies the intestines with dietary fibers, which bind and remove toxins. As a result, the stool quickly normalizes.
Strong antioxidant effect of aronii fruits can also be used for viral infections, which are usually susceptible to children. In this case, the drug therapy is supplemented with a warm black wedge drink with honey or fresh mashed potatoes from its fruits.
Recipes of traditional medicine
The experience of traditional medicine has accumulated many ways to use chokeberry for the treatment of various diseases.
As a raw material, you can use not only fruits, but also the leaves of this plant, as well as its bark.
Fruit harvesting can be carried out all autumn until the frost. The main thing is to correctly determine the right moment when the black wolf has already ripened, but has not yet begun to crumble. It is better to collect the leaves at the beginning of summer, and the bark - in the late autumn, after the leaf fall and the end of sap flow.
For the preparation of a healing vitamin drink, dry fruits and black chokeberry leaves are taken in equal proportions. Next, 3 tablespoons of this mixture should be placed in a thermos and pour 0.5 liters of boiled and cooled to 700C water. Thermos close and leave for 1 hour.
Ready tea can be sweetened with honey and taken during seasonal epidemics as an immunostimulating agent. On the day you can drink 2-3 glasses of such a drink.
Blackberry juice has many uses.
You can also prepare juice for future use. This is done like this:
- From the fruit squeezed juice.
- For 1 liter of juice, take 1 cup of sugar and a third of a teaspoon of citric acid.
- Juice is poured into enamelware, warms slightly, sugar and citric acid dissolve in it.
This product is stored in a cool place.
If the concentration seems too high, it is diluted with warm water in a 1: 1 ratio before use. Aronia juice can be given to a child 150 ml each, and an adult 250 ml 2 times a day.
You can prepare fortifying drinks from black insects with the addition of other ingredients: dry raspberries, rosehips, linden flowers, cherry leaves and black currant leaves. All available raw materials are combined in equal proportions.
To prepare, take 3 tablespoons of the mixture, put it in a thermos and pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. All insisted 2-3 hours. If the drink is prepared with the hips, you need to insist on it longer - at least 12 hours. To use in a warm kind on 2-3 glasses a day.
Sometimes alcoholic tincture of chokeberry is prepared as a stimulating and strengthening agent. Do it like this:
- Take 500 grams of fresh ripe fruits of chokeberry, 0.5 liters of vodka and 3 tablespoons of honey.
- Fruits are poured into a suitable glass container, where honey is placed.
- Everything is poured with vodka and vigorously stirred.
The finished tincture can be taken 1 tablespoon to normalize sleep, stimulate the appetite and indigestion.
Atherosclerosis is a dangerous disease of the vessels, which is accompanied by deposition of cholesterol on their walls. For its prevention use a decoction of the bark of a black wolf.
Harvested bark is crushed with a blender and dried. Then take 5 tablespoons of raw materials, placed in an enamel bowl, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and put on a small fire. The mixture is boiled for 2 hours, cooled, filtered and take 20 grams 3 times a day.
The pronounced hypotensive effect of chokeberry allows it to be used for the treatment of hypertension. To reduce the pressure, they use juice, an infusion or a decoction of black fruit.
To prepare the infusion, 0.5 cups of fresh or dried fruits are poured into a thermos, pour 2 cups of boiling water over and insist for 24 hours. Take 100 ml 3 times a day during the month.
The broth is prepared from 1 cup of fruit and 1 liter of boiling water. The mixture is boiled for 10 minutes, cooled and taken in the same way as the infusion.
It is important to constantly monitor the pressure. If it is stabilized, the reception of blackfruit should be limited.
With anemia (anemia)
Before proceeding to the treatment of anemia, it is necessary to establish its appearance. The fact is that with hemolytic or sickle cell anemia, the black wolf does not help. Not only will it benefit from iron deficiency or folic acid deficiency anemia, since the content of iron and folic acid in this plant is low.
If anemia develops as a result of bleeding, an infusion of chokeberry and dogrose can be used to supplement complex therapy. For 3 tablespoons 0.5 l of boiling water is taken, infused in a thermos day and taken 1 glass 3 times a day.
Prepare it like this:
- For 400 grams of chokeberry fruit, 80 fresh cherry leaves, 300 grams of sugar, 1 teaspoon of citric acid, 1 liter of vodka and 1.5 liters of water are taken.
- The leaves are washed and boiled for 10 minutes, removed, and a black carp is poured into the boiling broth.
Stored such a liqueur in the refrigerator.
You can take it at 40 grams before bedtime.
Is it possible to freeze aronia for the winter?
The beneficial properties of harvested black fruit are best preserved when the fruit is dried. A simpler way of storage - freezing - unfortunately does not fit. At low temperatures, an important component of aronium fruit - tannin is destroyed. Berries lose their characteristic astringent taste, they become sweeter, but most of the benefits disappear.
Proper preparation and storage of medicinal raw materials guarantee the effectiveness of finished products.Careful attention to the recommendations and contraindications will avoid possible complications. With the observance of these two conditions, the black flea will be a strong help in the treatment of many diseases.
Chokeberry - all its medicinal properties and contraindications
People often pass by the usual plants, unaware of their healing power. One of such natural healers is the black chokeberry. What are its medicinal properties, are there any contraindications?
- How useful chokeberry - therapeutic properties
- How to dry
- Leaves - healing properties and contraindications
- Healing Leaf Tea
- How to apply in various diseases
- The benefits of chokeberry for women
- During pregnancy
- Aronia in cosmetology
- Refreshing mask
- Nourishing mask
- For hair
- Chokeberry for children
- In cooking
- Canned juice
Chokeberry (chokeberry) has a unique composition, contains many vitamins, is used to treat various diseases.
Most often they use fresh or dry black chokeberry. Its medicinal properties help to overcome diabetes, atherosclerosis, rheumatism. Berries help improve vision, strengthen the immune system, restore hormonal balance.
Important! Chokeberry is effective in combating obesity and fat deposits on the abdomen and thighs.
Berries contain ascorbic acid several times more than tangerines and red currants. And with regular use, you can fill the iodine deficiency.
- powerful natural immunomodulator, replenishes the body’s lack of essential vitamins,
- reduces intracranial and blood pressure,
- removes toxic and radioactive waste, heavy metal salts from the body,
- improves digestion, uses to treat gastritis,
- reduces cholesterol, a powerful preventive drug against atherosclerosis.
It is recommended to use chokeberry for various bleeding, insomnia, problems with the nervous system. Aronia well eliminates spasms, pain, fights pathogenic microorganisms. The plant has a beneficial effect on the liver and endocrine system.
How to dry
To prepare rowan, you first need to know how to properly grow and care for it to bring the maximum benefit. Berries are best dried in the oven, so they will not be covered with mold, they will not start to rot.
- Pour a thin layer on a baking sheet.
- The oven is heated to 50 degrees.
- Place the berries in the oven, stir occasionally.
Properly cooked fruits acquire a cherry-red color, they preserve all the vitamins. Store them in paper bags, or in glass jars with a tight lid.
Important! The beneficial properties of mountain ash are contained not only in berries, but also in chokeberry leaves.
Leaves - healing properties and contraindications
Aronia leaves are used to make decoctions, infusions. They contain substances that contribute to the formation and outflow of bile, improve liver function.
Funds based on leaves have choleretic, diuretic properties, eliminate inflammatory processes. They can effectively be used to treat various bleeding, constipation, colds.
Harvesting of Aronia berries
Chokeberry fruits are harvested in the fall (September or early October), preferably after the first freeze, and dried in the open air under a canopy. Dried vegetable raw materials retain healing properties for no more than 2 years. You can pack it in cardboard boxes or glass cans covered with parchment paper.
A quick drying method involves the use of special dryers or ovens. Begin processing at a temperature of 40 ° C until the fruits are dried, then add it to no more than 60 ° C. Properly harvested berries should become shriveled, but not lose their inherent flavor and color.
Tip: A convenient way of drying berries of chokeberry for medicinal purposes is to hang them in their hands on the stretched thread on the veranda, attic, or balcony.
Frozen berries - the preferred method of storage, such raw materials are convenient to use in recipes for the preparation of folk remedies. Fast freezing at a temperature not exceeding -15 ° C allows you to fully preserve the sugar, but thawing and re-freezing is unacceptable. Compotes, fruit drinks, jam, wine, and especially tinctures based on chokeberry fruits are also of great value for everyday use.
Aronia berries - 3 kg
Sugar - 4.5 kg
Apples - 1 kg
Grated walnuts or cinnamon - 0.5 tsp.
Water - 600 ml
Large lemons - 2 pcs.
Rowanberries pour boiling water and insist 12 hours on the resulting liquid in the amount of 3 glasses to cook syrup with sugar. Put apples, nuts or cinnamon, peeled and cored from the berries, let the mixture boil and hold it on the fire for 5 minutes. Cool the mixture to a slightly warm state, boil again and boil for 10 minutes. Cut lemons, add to jam and leave to cook for another quarter of an hour.
In the process of cooking the foam must be periodically removed. The finished delicacy is poured hot in sterile glass jars with ordinary food-grade polyethylene lids.
The recipe of healing homemade wine
Aronia berries - 5 kg
Sugar - 2 kg
Raisin - 50 g
Water - 1 l
Berries and raisins for making wine are not washed with water. Clean hands need to carefully knead the fruits of chokeberry and put them in enameled glassware or a large volume. To the resulting mass, add 0.75 kg of sugar, raisins and mix gently. The container is required to be tied up with gauze and put into the heat for 7 days, daily kneading the composition and controlling the absence of mold on it.
After the specified period, the juice is squeezed (for this you can use a special press) and placed in a glass bottle with a capacity of at least 10 liters. In the pressed mass it is necessary to add the remaining sugar in the amount of 1.25 kg and pour the warmed boiled water, mix well and then put into a warm and dark place for a week. It is also important to mix the drug every day.
A rubber glove is put on the bottle of juice, having previously made a puncture in one of her fingers, and put in heat and darkness for fermentation. When the infusion is ready on the sediment, it is drained without squeezing more, and added to the juice after removing the formed foam from it.
The fermentation process will take about 60 days until the sediment disappears, the strength of the drink will be 10-12 degrees. If necessary, you can add alcohol or vodka to it in the desired concentration and leave it for maturation in the refrigerator for 4-5 months.
A warning: Pregnancy and lactation period are contraindications to the use of alcohol-containing aronia drugs.
The healing properties of chokeberry
Aronia berries have an extremely rich composition:
- vitamins (C, K, E, B1, B2, B6, bioflavonoids, beta carotene),
- trace elements (iodine, iron, copper, fluorine, molybdenum, boron, manganese),
- sugar (sucrose, glucose, fructose),
- organic acids.
Biologically active substances allow the plant fruits to show pronounced healing properties, the basis of which is the antioxidant effect on the cells of the human body and the normalization of the immune system. They struggle with the occurrence of allergic reactions, improve the function of the thyroid gland, stomach and intestines, liver and gall bladder, kidneys, heart and blood vessels.
A large amount of vitamins and iodine allows you to overcome apathy, weakness and fatigue, get rid of bleeding gums, hemophilia and rheumatism.Regular consumption of juice, diluted by half in water, helps to reduce the sugar content in the blood, which is extremely useful for people with diabetes. Sorbitol contained in the berries of the plant also helps in combating it.
The chokeberry anthocyanins contribute to the treatment of obesity and the normalization of weight. Having a caloric content of only 55 kcal, the plant effectively eliminates the feeling of hunger, inhibits the growth of adipose tissue cells. The same substances block the development of cancerous tumors.
Fresh juice and berries of the plant are of great importance in the treatment of nervous diseases. They help to cope with emotional imbalance by regulating the processes of excitation and inhibition in brain cells.
Normalization of blood pressure and blood system function
The decrease in intracranial and blood pressure is the most sought-after property of the black chokeberry. It participates in the regulation of cholesterol, preventing the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, and also significantly affects the blood clotting parameters. As a result, the risk of thrombosis of small vessels decreases, which, in turn, serves as an effective prevention of varicose veins, ischemia of the heart, stroke and other pathologies associated with malnutrition of brain cells.
Regular intake of products based on chokeberry helps to return the elasticity and elasticity of the walls of blood vessels, increase their permeability, expands the lumen of the bloodstream. To normalize high blood pressure indices, undiluted juice is consumed in 5 tsp. 2-3 times a day for half an hour before a meal.
To prevent the development of atherosclerosis, it is recommended to eat 100 g of berries three times a day 30 minutes before a meal in courses of 1-1.5 months. It is useful to combine the use of mountain ash with the fruits of black currant and rosehip preparations.
Recipe tinctures to increase hemoglobin levels
Aronia berries - 100 g
Cherry leaves - 100 pcs.
Sugar - 1.5 cups
Vodka - 0.75 L
Water - 1.5 L
Vegetable raw materials must be boiled for 15 minutes on low-power fire, then drain the liquid and squeeze out the sediment. Add sugar and vodka to the broth, leave for about 14 days.
To stabilize the immune system, it is sufficient to include in the daily diet homemade preparations of black chokeberry berries (jam, compotes, fruit drinks) during periods of seasonal colds and mass epidemics of SARS and influenza. They purify the internal environment of the body from toxins, heavy metals, radioactive compounds and pathogens.
Root (rhizome): The shrub has a strong root system.
Leaves, crown: the crown at a young age is compact and squeezed, but then becomes sprawling, reaching 1.5-2 meters in diameter. The leaves are whole and simple, obovoid or elliptical, have short petioles, their length is 4-8 centimeters, width is 3-5 centimeters. The edges of the leaves are jagged and have a sharp transition to a sharp and short tip. The upper surface of the leaves is glossy, leathery, has a dark green color. Lower - has a weak pubescence, because of this, it acquires a whitish hue. In bright red-purple tones the leaves are colored after the second half of September.
Flowers and inflorescences: small, bisexual, pyatilepestnye, white, gathered in thyroid dense inflorescences, which are 5-6 centimeters in diameter.
Fruits: this is a berry, quite juicy and sour-sweet, with astringent taste. Fruits are rounded, less often squeezed-rounded, slightly pubescent, green when mature - naked, shiny, black, have a gray patina. Fruit weight ranges from 0.6 to 1.5 grams, diameter up to 12 millimeters. The fruits of chokeberry (rowan) Aronia have a dense skin, this contributes to the fact that they are well preserved in fresh form.Ripened fruits are not showered and firmly held on the branches.
Height: up to 2.5-3 meters.
Flowering time: flowering depends on weather conditions and can last from 12 to 16 days. Later, the bloom of chokeberry Aronia eliminates the possibility that its flowers will be damaged by spring frosts, this mainly ensures its annual fruiting.
Maturing time: end of August and beginning of September.
Reproduction: grafting, cuttings, dividing the bush, layering, sowing stratified seeds.
Distribution: in the Altai Territory there are large industrial arrays of chokeberry. The homeland of chokeberry Aronia is considered the eastern part of North America. It was from there in 1935 she first came to Altai, and then spread to other regions. Chokeberry loves light, tolerates frosts easily, grows well on both podzolic and chernozem soils.
What part of the plant is used: Aronia's medicinal raw materials are its fruits and leaves.
The chemical composition of the plant: black chokeberry (black chokeberry) is not deprived of its useful properties, it contains: vitamins A (beta carotene), B1, B2, B3 (also known as PP), B6, C, E, K, micro and macronutrients, pectic substances, tannins.
Collection and preparation of raw materials
Harvesting fruits Aroni spend in September and the first half of October. Fruits are collected by hand, cut with secateurs and folded into boxes and baskets. Store in a cool place no more than 3 days. If the temperature does not exceed 5 ° C, then they can be stored for 2 months. To dry the fruits scatter them in a thin layer, and if in the dryer, the temperature should not exceed 60 ° C.
Dried leaves and berries are stored in paper boxes or bags, of course, only in a dry place and not more than 2 years.
If the goal is to preserve as long as possible the fresh fruits of chokeberry Aronia, then its fruits will be torn from the stalks and leaves and placed in a cool place where the temperature should be no higher than 1 ° C, so they can last up to six months. Aronia berries can be used for various purposes, including their use in cooking.
Pharmacological properties (action)
The fruits of chokeberry exhibit a hypotensive effect.
The leaves immediately after flowering harvested. The fruit contains a substance called sorbitol, it is used as a sugar substitute for those who suffer from diabetes. Aronia juice strengthens the walls of blood vessels. The leaves contain substances to improve the functioning of the liver, which contribute to the formation of bile and its outflow.
Chokeberry has a lot of healing properties. It normalizes blood pressure, lowers blood cholesterol, strengthens blood vessels, increases their elasticity and elasticity.
Aronia rowan thanks to the substances contained in its composition, favors the active expansion of blood vessels and capillaries. Experimentally it was found that for the treatment of hypertension, black chokeberry is one of the best remedies due to its vasodilating and capillary strengthening properties. It is used in the form of juice, 3 times a day and not more than 2 tbsp. at one time. Aronia can be taken in the form of tea and infusion.
Chokeberry has a positive effect on the endocrine system and boosts immunity. It is used as a vasodilator, hemostatic, antispasmodic, diuretic, choleretic, hematopoietic and appetizing.
Also, this plant improves appetite, increases acidity, helps regulate digestion, activates the liver.
Use of chokeberry
Application of fruits. They are used for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes in such pathological conditions that are accompanied by fragility and permeability of capillaries: atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, glomerulonephritis (kidney disease), capillary toxicosis, hemorrhagic diathesis, radiation sickness, etc.Aronia fruits and preparations derived from them are recommended as an adjunct drug for rheumatism, septic endocarditis, measles, arachnoiditis, allergic conditions, scarlet fever, and typhus.
The use of juice. When bleeding, which have a different origin, hypertension (initial stage), anacid gastritis, are used externally for the treatment of burns. It is considered an effective tool for the prevention of P-vitamin deficiency and atherosclerosis.
Drinking black chokeberry juice and decoction of its berries expands blood vessels, as a result of which their permeability increases, the functions of the blood-forming organs are activated, and this is very useful for bleeding and radiation sickness. With radiation sickness and rheumatism, chokeberry juice is a good preventive and therapeutic agent.
Aronia Aronia is recommended for use for thyroid disease, diabetes, kidney disease as a diuretic, for scarlet fever, typhus, and allergies.
Aronia juice smears burns. Useful combination of juice and fruits chokeberry Aronia with the fruits of wild rose and black currant, with the addition of honey.
Recipes and method of application
Fresh fruit: taken three times a day, 50-100 grams.
Chokeberry chokeberry juice is taken 3 times a day for 1-3 tables. spoon, do it for half an hour before eating. Or eat daily 5-7 pieces of berries, with the diseases listed above.
Preparing chokeberry juice: You can also use this recipe to make juice. Crush the fresh fruit, and warm this pulp. 1 kg of pulp in ½-3.4 glasses of water and heat for 10 minutes at tdo 60 ° C. Put under the press. Next, the pressed raw material is placed in an enamel pan. Fill with warm clean water (1:10), stir for 3-4 hours and then squeeze. Then the juice of the first and second spin need to connect and filter. Heat to 80 ° C and pour into sterilized jars.
A decoction of chokeberry berries Aronia: pour a glass of water 1 table. spoon berries and boil them for 1 minute. After which they need to insist for one hour. The decoction is taken three times a day for 0.25-0.5 cups.
Broth chokeberry: this broth activates energy, gives strength and strengthens the immune system. To prepare it, you will need 20 grams of dried fruit and 200 ml of boiling water, then cook on low heat for 10 minutes, and leave for 20 minutes. Squeeze drain. Broth to drink half a cup 3-4 times a day.
Compote chokeberry Aronia (for preservation): washed berries put in boiling water for 3 minutes (for sterilization). Then, the banks must be filled with these berries at 1/3 and pour boiling syrup. Cover with sterile caps and roll up. Sugar is taken from the calculation - half a glass per 1-liter jar.
Tea from chokeberry: 1 liter of boiling water pour 6 tbsp. leaves and push them for half an hour. This remedy is recommended to take one glass three times a day. This tea increases blood clotting and lowers blood pressure.
Aronia bark decoction: 5 tablespoons of crushed bark filled with a hill pour 0.5 liters of water and cook for 10 minutes. Cool and squeeze. Accepted as an anti-sclerotic agent for atherosclerosis.
Jam from black chokeberry fruits is prepared in this way: 2 kilograms of rowan need to be filled with sugar syrup (hot). For this syrup, take 2 kg of sugar per half liter of water, stir until it dissolves and then boil. Let the future jam stand for 8 hours, after which you will need to boil and stand for 8 hours again. After that, it will need to be cooked until cooked, until the berries sink to the bottom.
Also make wine from chokeberry chokeberry (rowan). This wine is highly vitamins and has healing properties. It is prepared like this: the washed berries must be ground (in a mortar, meat grinder or food processor), then dilute this mass with clean water 1: 1.The next step is to add sugar, you need to take ½ cup per 1 liter.
It is necessary that the sugar is dissolved, for this to stir well, put under the trap. Put to wander in a warm place. After 5-7 days, the berries will emerge, and the young wine will begin to ferment, now you need to strain the wort through a colander, squeeze the berries and throw them away.
The wine is again placed under the water seal, now before the end of fermentation. Then it will need to be carefully drained through the hose into another container. The precipitate is ejected. Now you can add sugar to your taste and put it in a cool place. The black chokeberry wine is almost ready, it remains to stand for several months to become clean and transparent.
The composition and beneficial properties of black chokeberry fruit
The list of useful properties of a plant is determined by a set of bioactive components in its composition. Chokeberry is no exception. The value of its fruits, rich in vitamins, mineral salts, anthocyanins, pectins and tannins, has long been recognized and popular and official medicine.
The beneficial properties of chokeberry are preserved after drying or freezing the fruit. In dessert jams, jams, jellies and other delicacies, healing substances remain only partially.
The flesh, ripening in September, dark purple or purple with a bluish bloom of berries, contains:
- up to 10% of sugars, and also sorbitol replacing them,
- vitamins P, E, PP, a group of substances related to vitamins B, carotene and ascorbic acid,
- a lot of macro- and microelements, the most significant of which are compounds of iron and copper, iodine and boron, fluorine, molybdenum and manganese,
- some organic acids, including malic,
- pectins, glycosides and tannins,
- alimentary fiber.
The fruits of chokeberry Aronia can rightfully be called the "elixir of youth." They contain almost 6.5% of natural anthocyanins, which have the property to inhibit the aging process, support regeneration, and actively fight atherosclerosis and oncological problems.
Calorie sweet-tart, loved by many berries is quite small and per 100 grams of fruit is only 50 calories.
Where are the therapeutic properties of chokeberry Aronia, and contraindications to its use in food can be neglected?
The use of chokeberry for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes
The presence of sorbitol in the composition of fruits suggests that chokeberry has the full right to take a place in the diet of diabetics. Such bioactive components as potassium and iron positively affect the state of the blood and blood vessels, contribute to its saturation with oxygen and its delivery to vital organs, muscle tissues, brain.
A source of iodine, indispensable for the proper operation of the endocrine system, many consider seafood and seaweed, but completely forget about the fruits of chokeberry Aronia, containing up to 10 micrograms of this element for every 100 grams of useful yield.
The combination of beneficial substances in the composition is such that among the healing properties of chokeberry Aronia and its contraindications it is necessary to mention the effect on the vascular system. Ripe fruits are used for hypertension, atherosclerosis, or the danger of its development. The inclusion of chokeberry in the diet helps:
- strengthen the walls of blood vessels
- prevent the accumulation of cholesterol and its deposition,
- widen blood vessels and normalize blood pressure naturally
- to resist the aging process and maintain the body tone for a long time.
The use of chokeberry in case of diseases and problems of the digestive system is well tested in practice. Gastritis with low acidity is easier if the menu regularly includes fresh fruits, tincture or tea based on chokeberry. Plant material has the ability to:
- increase intestinal motility,
- speed up the passage of food through it
- actively remove slags,
- have a mild antibacterial effect,
- prevent exacerbation of the disease.
The use of chokeberry is invaluable for immunity. Even in small quantities, the fruit will help strengthen the body's defenses and support it during the period of seasonal colds, with a busy schedule of life, in stressful situations.
Berries with a pleasant sweet-tart taste awaken appetite and stimulate the production of gastric juice, therefore, if there are no other contraindications, the beneficial properties of chokeberry will be in demand in the rehabilitation process after serious diseases, older people and weakened children.
Along with the fruits in folk medicine, chokeberry leaves are valued, which are included in the collection to cleanse the liver.
Contraindications to the use of black chokeberry fruits
Despite the many benefits, chokeberry can cause poor health or exacerbate chronic disease. This happens if a person ignores the advice of a doctor and does not comply with the recommended norms.
Who better to abandon the healing properties of chokeberry chokeberry, or because of contraindications, harm to health will be much more serious than possible benefits?
First of all, doctors do not recommend to get involved in the fruits of black chokeberry with high acidity, especially with exacerbation of gastritis or peptic ulcer. Excessive consumption of berries threatens to lower blood pressure, undesirable with hypotension. Traditional medicine is of the opinion that the fruits can provoke the formation of blood clots and blockage of blood vessels, but official science cannot confirm this theory.
Healing Leaf Tea
It helps with kidney ailments, diseases of the liver and thyroid gland, helps to reduce pressure, thins blood.
- Pour 55 g of leaves in a liter of boiling water, cool for half an hour.
- To accept in the filtered look on 230 ml of drink three times a day.
- The first portion is necessary to drink before the first meal.
This drink can be used externally for various dermatological problems - purulent wounds, acne, eczema, lichen treatment, psoriasis.
Important! Contraindications for the leaves are the same as for the berries.
For diabetics, aronia is an indispensable tool. Normalizes the level of sugar, promotes the production of insulin, reduces the severity of related diseases. These berries are recommended to patients by nutritionists and endocrinologists.
To prepare the medicine, you need to crush 15 g of berries, pour 240 ml of boiling water. After half an hour, strain the drink. Daily dose - 150 ml.
Important! The daily dose of berries in its pure form should not exceed 50 g.
The benefits of chokeberry for women
The main benefit of chokeberry for women is a high content of antioxidants. Rowan helps to prevent the appearance of tumors, prolongs youth.
Interesting! You can learn more about the benefits and contraindications of chokeberry in our article.
Black ashberry effectively fights with PMS and menopause - several berries help to cope with apathy, aggressiveness, depression and weakness.
Aronia in Greek means helper. And women in position need safe helpers to maintain their health. Berries contain many beneficial trace elements for women in the position - folic acid, iron, fluorine, boron.
Why black chokeberry is useful for pregnant women:
- high content of vitamins B1, B6 help the fetus to develop properly, prevents the development of congenital defects in the baby, problems with the nervous system,
- ascorbic acid eliminates signs of toxicosis,
- antioxidants have a beneficial effect on the cells of the mother and baby,
- anthocyanins help prevent the occurrence of inflammatory processes
- increases hemoglobin, normalizes pressure.
Aronia does not cause allergies, it is enough to use fresh berries 3 times a week to provide the body with all the beneficial substances.
Juice, jam from chokeberry help prevent diabetes in pregnant women.
Important! It is not recommended to use aronia berries during pregnancy in case of constipation, aggravation of gastritis and ulcers.
Moisturizes and nourishes the skin, removes fine wrinkles.
- Pound 25 g of fresh yeast with 15 ml of olive oil.
- Make gruel of 120 g chokeberry.
- All mix, hold for 20 minutes on the face.
Aronia helps to get rid of dandruff, oily seborrhea, nourishes the scalp with vitamins.
- Crush 270 g of berries, squeeze the juice. Rub into the scalp 20 minutes before washing your hair.
- Pour 15 g of berries with 420 ml of boiling water, hold the mixture on low heat for a quarter of an hour.
- After cooling to strain, use as a conditioner.
The health benefits of chokeberry
Aronia "multifunctional" culture. There are many advantages in it. First, the high content of tumor suppressants. Secondly, a large number of trace elements necessary for human health. Thirdly, aronia strengthens the vascular walls, making them more elastic. Fourthly, the black wolf is distinguished by a high content of vitamins, especially P and PP, and they, paraphrasing the words of Stendal, are a means of unfading perfection.
To grow a shrub or small tree is easy. It is not demanding on the soil, is not affected by pests and tolerates frost well. To have it on the site is extremely profitable. The sapling quickly takes root and grows, almost without requiring care, and in return:
- the plot becomes beautiful and decorative - trees with large black berries look great in the garden,
- blooming mountain ash attracts the attention of bees, which is useful for all flowering trees and garden crops,
- chokeberry stably gives a big harvest of berries, which allows you to cook a lot of tasty and healthy preparations,
In folk medicine, chokeberry berries are used (in a dry, fresh, frozen form), their processing products (juice, jam, jam) and leaves. The high content of iodine makes the chokeberry indispensable in the treatment of the endocrine system. As an adjuvant, it is used in the treatment of severe diseases such as typhus, rheumatism and scarlet fever. This is a good anti-allergic agent. Aronia strengthens the walls of blood vessels, and fresh leaves improve the functioning of the liver and kidneys. This type of rowan is used for bleeding disorders. Chokeberry is used to minimize autoimmune disorders during pregnancy.
Aronia is used as an antispasmodic, vasodilator and hemostatic agent. It has a positive effect on the blood formation process, improves the appetite and activates the immune system. It can be used as a diuretic and choleretic agent. It is used for burns and as an antiallergic drug. Chokeberry is prescribed for radiation sickness, cancer and toxic goiter.
What caused such a wide range of applications? Aronia liqueur or aronia has a unique biochemical composition. Its berries contain a huge amount of useful substances necessary for human health:
- Vitamins. A, C, PP and group B. Beta-carotene and beta-manganese are also present.
- Trace elements, including boron, iodine, molybdenum and phosphorus.
- Sugar, folic acid and pectin.
For the treatment and prevention of chokeberry is recommended for:
- vision problems
- low immunity and susceptibility to chronic diseases of the bronchi,
- hormonal imbalance,
- overweight problems.
Chokeberry - indications and contraindications
Summarizing all the information, it is possible to systematize the beneficial properties of a black-bear and contraindications for its use:
It is important to understand that folk remedies are not independent methods of treatment. It is necessary to apply them in a complex with medicamental therapy.
Recipe for tonic drink
Dry berries in the ratio of 10 g per 100 g of boiling water boil in a water bath for 5-10 minutes, cool and drain the liquid, squeezing the precipitate. Take a drink should be 100 g 3-4 times per day.
Prescription medication for maintaining immunity and treatment of beriberi
Aronia berries - 5 glasses
Garlic - 2 heads
Berries and peeled garlic peretert, prisolit and mix well, put the resulting mass in a prepared and sterilized glassware. Take the composition can be a little immediately after cooking, stored in the refrigerator.
Recipe tinctures to protect against colds
Aronia berries - 2.5 cups
Vodka - 1 L
Honey - 3 tbsp. l
Oak Bark Powder - 1 Pinch
Wash berries, pour into a glass jar, add honey, oak bark and mix well. Pour vodka into the mixture, close the container tightly and remove to insist for 16-20 weeks. Periodically, the composition must be reached and shaken. Ready drink must be drained and poured into bottles.
Recipe "live" jam for the reception during the off-season
Fresh berries of chokeberry in the amount of 1 kg are crushed using a meat grinder or blender, combined with sugar (800 g). The composition is left to stand for a while, then mix well again until the crystals are completely dissolved. The finished product is transferred to a sterile glass jar with a lid of food grade polyethylene, stored in the refrigerator.
Assistance in the work of the digestive system
With low acidity of gastric juice, it is enough to eat several black chokeberry berries shortly before the meal: this will help the stomach work, relieve from belching, unpleasant sensations (including feelings of heaviness in the stomach), activates the process of digestion and absorption of nutrients.
The cholecystitis without stones is amenable to therapy with chokeberry chokeberry. It also serves as a choleretic agent, improves intestinal motility and relieves spasms. The berries of the plant produce a fixative effect, therefore they are indicated for the treatment of diarrhea and indigestion.
Recipe for a balanced vitamin tea to increase appetite, improve liver function and gallbladder
Dried berries of chokeberry, black currant and rosehip, taken in equal shares, pour in boiling water and put in a water bath for 10 minutes. Remove the prepared liquid from the heat, cool a little and drink instead of tea with sugar or honey. To prepare such a drink, you can use a thermos with a glass flask, insisting the composition for 4 hours.
Recipe tinctures for the treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland
Fresh chokeberry berries - 1 cup
Alcohol - 0.5 L
Honey - 2 tbsp. l
To make the preparation, fresh chokeberry berries should be crushed and put in a 1-liter glass jar. Add alcohol to fruits, shake and put in a cool dark place for 30 days. After the specified period, the liquid is required to drain, add honey and insist another 2-3 days.
From chokeberry prepare a lot of drinks and desserts. In addition to the pleasant taste, in all dishes all useful and healing properties are preserved.
Helps with hypertension, it is useful to use to recuperate. Sugar and chokeberry fruits should be taken in equal proportions.
- Pour berries with boiling water for 2 minutes.
- Put in a saucepan, cover with sugar.
- Put the mixture on a small fire, cook until boiling, constantly stir.
- Transfer to prepared jars, roll up the lids.
Take 10 g after each meal.
This drink contains several times more antioxidants than dry red wine.
- Mix 100 g of chokeberry and cherry leaves.
- Boil a quarter of an hour in 1.5 liters of water.
- Strain, squeeze, add 375 g of sugar, and 750 ml of high-quality vodka.
- After 2 months, the tincture will be ready.
Helps with low hemoglobin.During epidemics of viral diseases, it is necessary to take 30 ml of tincture daily.
Delicacy will be enjoyed by children, will help strengthen the protective functions of the body.
- Prepare a syrup of 1.1 kg of sugar and 750 ml of water.
- Pour them 1.5 kg of fruit, put on fire.
- After boiling cook for 25 minutes dessert, add 7 g of citric acid.
Cool, drain in a colander. When the berries are completely dry, spread them out in a thin layer on parchment, dry at room temperature for 5-7 days. From syrup can be cooked kissel, compote.
Ready raisins folded in jars. You can add to tea, pastries, or just eat 5-10 raisins daily.
- Wash and chop 3 kg of berries. Heat mashed potatoes on a quiet fire for 25 minutes, the temperature of the mass should not exceed 70 degrees.
- Add 3 liters of water, put the mixture under the press.
Juice several times pass through cheesecloth, heat to 78 degrees, strain again thoroughly.
Ready to drink boil for 4 minutes, pour into hot cans.
Pasteurize containers with juice for a quarter of an hour, cork.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of chokeberry
The acquaintance of a man with arion was held in the distant Middle Ages, and the peak of popularity as an ornamental plant falls on the 18-20th century. This amazing shrub up to 2-3 meters adorned the most exquisite gardens, attracting the views with white spring flowering, luxurious summer greens and anthracite fruits against the background of red autumn leaves.
And only in the second half of the 20th century, chokeberry was appreciated by phytotherapists, but before that the best of the varieties was created - Aronia large-fruited, or Aronia Michurin. Resistant to frost, productive and even more beautiful plant was the result of selection from under the hands of the great Russian scientist Ivan Michurin.
The composition of fruits chokeberry
The tart taste of berries is the merit of tannins that make it up. A high content of glucose, fructose and sorbitol gives the berries the desired sweetness, balancing the acidity. Whether a joke - about 10% of compounds sweet to the taste! It is they who open up wide opportunities for culinary experiments with chokeberry - jam, jam, compotes, jelly desserts, candied fruits and homemade wine.
At the same time, many of the delicious recipes, where there is no long heating, retain for us an impressive wealth of healthy nutrients contained in fresh black ashberry. Boron, iron, fluorine, iodine, copper, manganese and molybdenum - along with a decent list of vitamins, among which vitamin P leads, as well as beta-carotene, vitamins A, C, E, PP and group B.
The exclusive advantage of chokeberry is initially considered to be a high content of anthocyanin pigments, the number of which in mature fruits exceeds 6%.
From this video you will learn what nutrients are contained in chokeberry and other dark berries.
The healing properties of chokeberry: an overview
For the human body, the healing properties of the black chokeberry apply to the most important areas of health:
- Systemic anti-cancer effects - suppressing the growth of tumor cells,
- Protection of the vascular wall of large vessels against loss of elasticity,
- Maintaining capillary blood flow by reducing the permeability and fragility of capillaries,
- Support the proper functioning of the liver and kidneys,
- Improving blood formation,
- Appetite stimulation,
- Harmonization of immunity.
In folk medicine, two above-ground parts of the plant are used - fruits and leaves. Fruits can be subjected to quick freezing and drying without significant loss of properties.
Since 1961, chokeberry has been included in the official list of medicinal plants. For treatment and prophylaxis, aronia recipes are most often recommended for the following conditions:
- Atherosclerosis of heart vessels,
- Hypertonic disease,
- Rheumatism - acute and chronic
- Vision problems
- Reduced immunity
- Chronic diseases of the broncho-pulmonary system,
- Hormonal disorders, including those of the thyroid gland,
- Some infectious diseases (scarlet fever, measles, typhus).
Aronia: the most effective recipes
- With a cold: we prepare 100 ml of freshly squeezed juices from carrots, lemon and black fruit, mix them and drink after meals in three steps - on the day the first symptoms of a cold appear.
- During a flu epidemic: we use magic liqueur from chokeberry and cherry leaves. The composition of the liqueur: 100 pieces of chokeberry and cherry leaves, sugar (700 g), citric acid (2 tsp), vodka (400 ml) and 1 liter of pure water. Leaves and berries fray in a blender and add water. Bringing to a boil on the stove, then give 10 minutes - on a bolted fire. Add sugar, citric acid and return to a slow fire for another 20 minutes. We give the prepared solution to cool, add vodka, bottled and store in a cool dark place. We take daily 30 ml - during the flu epidemic.
- Migraines, including during menopause in women: we squeeze out juice from fresh berries, which we drink on an empty stomach in the amount of 30-50 ml before three main meals. In winter, the juice is replaced by infusion on boiling water. In the evening, steam 3 tablespoons of dried berries in ½ liter of boiling water, leave to stand overnight and drink according to the same pattern as the juice.
- Constipation (persistent constipation or tendency to constipation): we use a composite mixture of dried raw materials. In proportion 1: 6: 4 we combine the berries of chokeberry, bird cherry and blueberry. Fill with 200 ml of boiling water 1 tbsp. spoon mixture and insist 5 minutes. Strain and drink the infusion 4-5 times during the day on an empty stomach (20-30 minutes before meals).
- Withatherosclerosis and diffuse goiter use a mixture of berries and sugar in a 1: 1 ratio. We grind components in a blender or meat grinder - as usual preparation for the winter. The average daily dose: 1 teaspoon of the mixture 3 times a day on an empty stomach. Therapy is carried out intermittent courses lasting for 2 weeks with breaks for 2 months.
- With diffuse goiter and diabetes: drink 50-100 ml of juice from the fruit of chokeberry - 3 times a day before or after meals (depending on the presence of problems with the stomach: remember that an Aronus increases acidity!). The course of therapy is not more than 3 weeks, after which we take a break for 1-2 months.
- Another recipe for atherosclerosis includes fruits of chokeberry, wild strawberry and red hawthorn. Equal quantities of fruits are ground and mixed. Fill with water 2 tablespoons of a mixture of 500 ml of water and send to languish in a water bath for 10 minutes. Strain the mixture and dilute with boiled water to the original volume. Dosage - half a cup of infusion 4 times a day. Course duration - no more than 1 month.
Deserve special attention numerous recipes for hypertensives. The healing properties of chokeberry are excellent for stabilizing pressure within normal limits and can be used in complex treatment. Here are some classic schemes. for treating high blood pressure:
- Within 2 weeks Twice a day, drink a mixture of fresh juices of viburnum, black currant and chokeberry - 50 ml of each juice. Additionally, on the same days, we eat 2 walnuts each.
- Within 2 weeks drink vodka tincture of fresh berries. It is easy to prepare such a tincture: you will need 1 cup of rowan berries and 500 ml of vodka. We pierce the majority of fruits with a needle and fill it with vodka. Insist the mixture in the dark for 7 days. Strain through - the medicine is ready. Daily dose - 1 tablespoon 3 times a day on an empty stomach before meals.
- Within 20 days drink a sweet infusion of black fruit - 1 glass a day. Preparing a tasty solution is very simple: we fill a 3-liter bottle with ¾ with dry berries and fill it with noticeably warm water, to the taste, but with restraint we add ordinary sugar. A break after treatment should last at least 1.5 months.
- Monthly coursefor cleaning vessels and normalizing pressure with the help of a composite infusion of aronia berries and medicinal herbs. We grind and mix dried raw materials in equal proportion - chokeberry, horsetail grass, yarrow grass, shredded dandelion roots, corn silk, rosehips and wheat grass. Pour boiling water 1 tablespoon of the mixture and leave to infuse for 30 minutes. Drink the infusion in half a glass 3 times a day.
- Monthly course with a decoction of healing berries. We use the famous vitamin fruits - chokeberry, wild rose and viburnum. A mixture of dried raw materials pour two liters of boiling water and bring to a boil, then insist in a thermos for 2 hours. Take a decoction every day a glass three times a day.
As you can see, there are many different recipes for treating hypertension with aronia. It is important to note the reverse side of the high efficiency of the plant for lowering blood pressure.
- Applying chokeberry in HIPO is dangerous self-medication! Even if you have other pathologies in which aronia is fairly included in the recipe, weigh the risks of side effects - up to fainting and collapse due to a sharp drop in pressure.
Remember, if you are prone to pressure drop, even the popular chokeberry jam is set aside, as is the homemade wine and liqueur, which includes this berry.
Useful properties and recipes of chokeberry - video
We talked about the most common health problems, which the Aronia mountain ash helps to curb. Medicinal properties and contraindications, easy-to-cook recipes and inspiration for finding the next healing compositions - we hope you got all this from our today's article.
Aronia chokeberry therapeutic properties and contraindications
The healing properties of ordinary chokeberry are known to people for a long time due to the high content of valuable vitamins and trace elements in the berries. A small shrub with black fruits is found in most of Russia, mainly in warmer areas. There are other names - chokeberry, black rowan or black carp.
In the medical purposes for the preparation of drugs used mainly fruits, but can be applied and the twigs with leaves. The fruit of the plant is a low-calorie product, therefore it is used in the preparation of diets, as an additional source of vitamins.
Aronia - This is a perennial shrub that bears fruit in the fourth year after planting. Fruits have a sweet-tart taste, perfectly complement compotes and drinks.
Rowan berries are able to quickly accumulate iodine in their composition, so it is believed that the closer the shrub grows to the sea, the more it contains.
The therapeutic properties of chokeberry are used in the treatment of various diseases, increasing immunity.
In folk medicine, it is always used for the prevention and treatment of existing hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Health benefits and benefits of chokeberry
The fruits of chokeberry have pronounced effects on the human body:
- strengthening capillaries,
Due to the valuable substances contained in the fruit, rowan is the best natural remedy for hypertension, while further strengthening the capillaries. Both fresh fruits and the healing juice from them are used for treatment. You can receive tinctures, tinctures and tea not only from ripe berries, but also from twigs and leaves.
The healing properties of the black chokeberry
Aronia contains in its composition flavonoids, organic acids, valuable tannins and pectin substances, with the result that it has the following pronounced healing properties:
- removes unnecessary heavy metals from the body,
- has a pronounced choleretic effect, improving the function of the liver and gallbladder,
- normalizes high blood pressure,
- lowers blood cholesterol,
- boosts immunity and seasonal resistance to disease.
Drinking juice for blood vessels and lowering blood pressure
Folk healers have long known that black chokeberry increases the elasticity of blood vessels, thereby lowering the pressure without the use of chemicals.
Therefore, the use of berries and has contraindications, which include low blood pressure and poor blood clotting.
In order not to harm their health should be carefully taken to people suffering from gastric ulcers.
Tea in diseases of the thyroid gland - instructions
In folk medicine, chokeberry is widely used for thyroid, from which tea or juice is prepared at home. Tincture, decoction or tea is quite simple to prepare.
- 5 spoons of fresh or dried berries pour a glass of boiling water and insist about half an hour, drink broth 2 times a day, the course of treatment for at least a month.
This decoction is also used in the treatment of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, but be aware of the existing contraindications - a means thickens blood.
Application for skin diseases - indications
For skin diseases, tinctures and compresses of freshly squeezed berry juice are used. Helps with eczema, neurodermatitis, dermatitis, with allergic manifestations on the skin in the form of rashes, redness.
Juice and decoction is widely used in cosmetology for the preparation of masks. The healing properties of the fruit of the plant have a beneficial effect on the skin, saturating it with beneficial trace elements.
With external use of juice there are no contraindications.
Benefits for weight loss
The unique properties of the medicinal plant aronii have a cleansing effect, as a result of which the liver is cleansed and digestion is improved, therefore it is often included in the system of diets. It is quite easy and simple to prepare juice for slimming of mountain ash choke yourself:
- you need to take a handful of fresh berries and squeeze 3 tablespoons of juice in a convenient way, you need to drink them 30 minutes before a meal, a course of treatment for about a month, then a week break.
Fresh juice is able to normalize the metabolism, so that those extra pounds gradually disappear.
How to make healthy juice for hypertension - a recipe
Very well reduces the pressure of black chokeberry juice, prepared according to the following recipe:
- 50 grams of freshly squeezed juice is mixed with 1 tablespoon of honey in May and infused for about 5 minutes, taken 3 times a day, dividing the cooked amount by three times, the course of taking 45 days.
To reduce the pressure, you can eat 7 berries three times a day every day.
Eating fruits for the prevention of atherosclerosis
The fruits of chokeberry Aronia perfectly strengthen the walls of blood vessels, therefore, they are used not only for the prevention of atherosclerosis, but also for its treatment. The benefit of the berries is the high content of tannins and pectin substances, as well as trace elements useful for vessels. To strengthen the blood vessels, use the following recipe:
- 2 tablespoons of fresh berries mixed with 1 tablespoon of honey is better and take 3 times a day before meals.
The prepared tool copes well with the premature aging of the body, giving energy to the whole body. It is used in the treatment of pancreatitis.
Useful properties of chokeberry for women
The healing properties of black chokeberry tea have a beneficial effect on the female body, therefore they are often used in gynecology. Daily use of fresh berries or juice from them normalizes the menstrual cycle, used in inflammatory processes of the ovaries and appendages. Tincture of dry fruit helps to normalize weight, thereby increasing mood.
Can mountain ash be pregnant - health benefits and contraindications
Due to the high content of vitamin C and carotene in berries and leaves, black chokeberry tea has a tonic effect on the body of a pregnant woman. The moderate use of tea has no contraindications, but only benefits both the mother's body and the developing fetus.
Tea and infusion is used for breastfeeding, providing valuable substances the child's body, getting to him through milk. During pregnancy, as well as during breastfeeding, overdose of medicinal plants is not permissible.
Harvesting chokeberry recipes cooking for the winter
It is necessary to collect the fruits of chokeberry Aronia only after they have fully matured, when they acquire a rich black color, and this only happens in the fall. The collection of leaves is carried out a little earlier.
The berries are cut together with a flap that can be stored, strung on a string. In this form, the fruits retain their properties up to two years.
During this period, tincture of chokeberry on vodka, wine, liquor, syrup and other alcoholic substances is prepared.
How to cook jam recipes
From freshly cut berries get delicious jam, which has healing properties and healing composition. Unique blanks for winter from chokeberry have reached our time. Jam benefit and recipe of preparation as follows:
- Pour 2 kg of berries with hot syrup (2 kg of sugar per 500 ml of water) and bring to a boil, then remove from heat to infuse for 8 hours, after this time boil until the berries start to settle to the bottom.
Cooked jam has healing properties and is used in the treatment of viral respiratory diseases and influenza in the winter. Increases immunity and saturates the body with vitamins. Billets are stored for several years.
Tincture of chokeberry on vodka - how to make wine from chokeberry
Rowan tincture on vodka has a pleasant taste, aroma and has healing properties, but in spite of this it can never be misused because it is considered a drug. Preparing tincture as follows:
- Pour 1 kg of transferred berries with 1 liter of vodka, add 3 tablespoons of honey and 3 buds of dried cloves, mix everything well and send to any non-tightly closed container, it can be a can, closed with a plastic lid with a small hole, put the prepared mixture in a dark place for 1 month.
Strained liqueur is very pleasant to the taste and resembles expensive red wine. Moderate use, namely the amount measured in tablespoons, benefits the body.
Juice of chokeberry can be consumed fresh or prepared for the winter: it is very useful to use it regularly for pressure disorders, atherosclerosis, diarrhea, urolithiasis, etc.
For immediate use of juiceBlackfruit berries are carefully picked, crushed and mixed with sugar to taste.
To prepare juice for later storage, the fruit should first be washed, then dried and sorted.
Then the berries are placed in an enamel bowl, water is added at the rate of 100 g per 1 kg of fruit, the mixture is stewed over low heat for about half an hour. The temperature of the berries should be no more than 60 ° C, it will save all the useful properties of mountain ash.
After the time has elapsed, mass should be cooled, whipped with a blender, filtered (for example, through cheesecloth) and sugar or honey should be added to taste. Such juice is stored in a dry dark place, taken 0.5 minutes before meals a couple of times 2-3 times a day.
If planned harvesting juice for the winter, prepared berries should be kneaded and squeezed out of them juice (through gauze or linen bag).In the remaining cake, water is added at a ratio of 10: 1, after an hour they are squeezed out again and mixed with the previously pressed juice (the procedure can be repeated several times, all the while reducing the amount of water).
The finished drink is poured into clean, dry cans or bottles (up to about 3-4 cm to the top) and sterilized for 10-15 minutes (depending on the volume of the dish). Then the bottles are closed with stoppers, the cans with the caps. The cork must be tied with a rope and, after cooling, sealed, its paraffin.
If used, sugar or honey can be added to the juice if desired. Very tasty mix it with blackcurrant juice or dogrose infusion.
Aronia juice, in addition to internal use, is also used as an anti-burn remedy for treating the affected skin.
Preparation of raw chokeberry
Aronia berries begin to turn black in August, however, it should be harvested much later, as the fullness of the beneficial properties of the berries are gathered by the end of autumn, literally before the onset of frost. To determine the readiness of the berries, it is necessary to slightly press. If dark red juice is extracted from the fruit, - it's time to harvest.
Berries can be picked manually or cut. Freshly picked berries, laid out in baskets or boxes, can be stored in a cool place for several days, although it is better, of course, to be used for drying or freezing immediately.
To dry the fruits you need, spreading them on a horizontal surface in one layer. You can speed up the process using a dryer or oven, but the temperature should not be above 60 ° C.
After complete drying, the berries are laid out in paper bags and stored in a dry place. Useful properties of the fruit can save with this a year or two. The same applies to the leaves of black insects.
Aronia fruits can be stored without freezing, but the temperature in the room should not exceed 1 ° C and at the same time be unchanged. The cellar is ideally suited for this purpose; berries can lie there until the next spring.
Contraindications and harm from black chokeberry
Like any medicinal plant with a pronounced effect, chokeberry has certain contraindications to use. It is quite expected that since the berry has the property of increasing acidity, lowering blood pressure and improving blood clotting, chokeberry should not be used by hypotonic persons, people prone to thrombosis and thrombophlebitis or who have increased blood clotting. Aronia is also contraindicated in case of high acidity, gastric and duodenal ulcers.
If we take into account these precautions, it is safe to say that the regular use of chokeberry has the most beneficial effect on the human body.
The fruits of this plant have a pleasant taste and can be used in a variety of forms, in addition to fresh. A variety of ways of harvesting black insects will allow anyone to choose for themselves the dish, as a part of which aronia will best reveal its taste and unique beneficial properties.
Harm: when it is better to refuse aronia
Along with the enormous health benefits of the black chokeberry, it can also cause considerable harm. To prevent this from happening, you need to be treated with contraindications. With care you need to use the black mountain ash for those who suffer:
- hypotension and frequent low blood pressure
- gastritis with high acidity,
- peptic ulcer
- tendency to increased blood clotting, thrombosis, varicose veins.
Medicinal properties of chokeberry chokeberry and contraindications
Aronia received the official status of the drug in 1961. Its positive healing effect on the human body is scientifically proven and experimentally confirmed. Let the useful and medicinal properties of the black chokeberry not cause any doubts, you just should not forget about contraindications.
The use of chokeberry for medicinal purposes is quite wide. I offer the most common recipes for the treatment of various diseases.
♦ For sclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and goiter, you can use the following recipe. Take a kilo of berries and rub them in the same amount of sugar. Take one teaspoon three times a day, half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is carried out for two weeks, then take a break for three months and repeat if necessary.
♦ To treat a persistent headache, you can drink fifty milliliters of berry juice three times a day, half an hour before meals, every day. In winter, it is possible to replace the juice with an infusion of chokeberry berries steamed in hot water. To do this, take three tablespoons of dried fruit and pour half a liter of boiling water. The whole mixture must be infused throughout the night, and in the morning strain and drink as well as the juice.
♦ Dizziness, disturbances in the vascular system. It is necessary to drink during the month fifty grams of blackfruit juice three times a day, half an hour before meals. You can also drink an hour later. In winter, it is worth preparing an infusion of dried berries. To do this, take three tablespoons of fruit and brew them in half a liter of boiling water. You need to drink during the day for three doses half an hour before meals.
♦ Constipation. Take 0.5 parts of the fruits of Aronia, three parts of the fruits of the bird cherry and two parts of the blueberry. A tablespoon of the mixture should be filled with a glass of boiling water and after five minutes strain. You need to drink a tablespoon five times a day twenty minutes before meals.
♦ Endocrine diseases. We take three parts of chokeberry flowers, five parts of the five-lobe wilderness, one part of the dyer's drow and two parts of the May lily of the valley. One tablespoon of the collection brew 1.5 liters of boiling water and insist. You need to drink thirty grams three times a day.
♦ With atrophy of the optic nerve. We take a hundred grams of black chokeberry, mordovnik seeds, initial letters, mistletoe, rosehips, cornflowers and seventy-five grams of rue, periwinkle and ephedra. A tablespoon of the collection you need to pour a glass of boiling water and leave overnight. In the morning, strain and drink one hundred grams four times a day.
Does an aperus increase or decrease pressure?
When people read about the benefits of chokeberry, they usually miss out on its effects on blood pressure. And in vain. During treatment, it is imperative to know whether the chokeberry lowers or increases the pressure, since the effectiveness of this plant and its safety for human health directly depend on this. Remember! A black nipple significantly reduces pressure. Hypotensics should be consumed with extreme caution. This applies to both medicinal decoctions and infusions, as well as liqueurs from black fruit, tinctures, cognacs, as well as preserves, syrups, jellies and jam made of mountain ash black.
How does chokeberry affect the pressure
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- To reduce the pressure, you can drink fifty milliliters of fresh chokeberry, viburnum and black currant juice twice a day. Also, for better effect, you can combine the intake of juice with walnuts and honey.
- It is necessary to mix equally black chokeberry, horsetail grass and yarrow, birch leaves, shredded dandelion roots, wheat grass and corn silk. One tablespoon of the mixture you need to pour a glass of boiling water and insist half an hour. You need to drink half a glass three times a day, and the course itself to spend no more than a month. Collecting perfectly cleans the blood vessels, lowers blood pressure and helps with hypertension. For the best effect, you can add rosehips or currants.
The berries of chokeberry for hypertensive patients are a wonderful medicine.
- The following recipe can be used to treat hypertension. We take a three-liter bottle and fill it with 4/5 black berries of dry berries, and fill the rest with warm water and sugar. You need to drink a glass a day for twenty days. You also need to use wormwood and cloves once a week.
- With hypertension.Take two tablespoons of chokeberry, viburnum (more about this berry here) and rosehip. All herbs need to pour two liters of boiling water and bring to a boil. Insist in a thermos for two hours and drink a glass three times a day. You can add a little honey or sugar.
- Take a glass of plant berries and fill them with half a liter of vodka. Each berry must be pierced with a needle, and the infusion itself should be left in a dark place for a week. After that, you need to strain and take a tablespoon three times a day half an hour before meals. For the treatment of hypertension, the course carried out for two weeks, but not more.
Natural, tasty and mildly acting agent that reduces pressure in a short time. But be careful! If you eat a large number of berries for people with normal pressure, the state of health can significantly deteriorate due to a sharp decrease in it. Hypotonics cannot be treated with chokeberry, because it doesn’t affect low blood pressure in the best way - it can reduce to a critical level during prolonged use.
Chokeberry Jam for Hypertensives and Impaired People
To make jam you need to take a kilogram of berries and half a kilogram of sugar. Within a couple of minutes, the berries should be blanched in boiling water, and then put into a saucepan or other container in which the jam will be prepared. Add sugar to the berries, and send to a low heat. Boil with constant stirring until it begins to boil. If you do not bring to the boil, you need to place the jam in dry sterilized jars and roll up the lids. Take this snack should be 1-2 teaspoons three times a day, after meals.
Dried chokeberry, application
The use of dried black chokeberry berries is due to their excellent healing properties.
Dried chokeberry is indicated for violations of the secretory function of the stomach (low acidity). Chew a few berries before eating - and you will immediately feel better.
With a lack of vitamin C and iodine, chokeberry will help to quickly fill the deficit, so it is useful to use dried berries for goiter, thyroid diseases and endocrine diseases.
♦ You need to take four tablespoons of berries and pour them with a glass of boiling water. Broth insist two hours, then strain and take a glass three times a day half an hour before meals. The course of treatment is from ten days to a month. After two months, you can repeat the treatment if necessary. Such an infusion will help cure inflammation of the thyroid gland.
♦ For goiter, take equal amounts of crushed fresh or dried fruits of chokeberry and hawthorn, grass of cocklebur, sweet clover, St. John's wort, lemon balm, motherwort and dried corn. Two tablespoons of the mixture should be poured into a thermos and pour 0.7 liters of boiling water. Leave the broth to infuse throughout the night, and in the morning strain and drink one hundred milliliters three times a day. You can also drink the juice of black or red rowan, it also perfectly removes goiter.
Fresh and dried black chokeberry berries prevent the accumulation of “bad” cholesterol in the body, have an anti-tumor effect and increase hemoglobin.
♦ Treatment of atherosclerosis. Take in equal quantities the crushed dried fruits of chokeberry, red hawthorn and wild strawberry. Two tablespoons of the mixture should be poured with half a liter of water and sent to the water bath for ten minutes. Strain the mixture and dilute the boiled water at room temperature to the original volume. You need to drink half a cup four times a day, and a course of treatment to spend a month. After that, you need to take a break for a week or even twelve days, and if necessary, repeat the course.
♦ For the treatment of anemia and radiation sickness, it is necessary to take black chokeberry berries and drink the yarrow tincture for a year.
♦ From sclerosis will help vitamin tea according to the following recipe.We take the crushed fruits of chokeberry and rosehip in equal amounts and pour one tablespoon of the mixture obtained with a glass of boiled water. Insist fifteen minutes and drink twenty minutes before meals.
♦ To raise hemoglobin levels, you should regularly take fresh or dry black chokeberry berries and raw beets, ground in a grater.
Aronia increases the body's resistance to infections, strengthening the immune system and cleansing the blood.
♦ It is necessary to take two parts of black rowan fruit, large plantain leaves, blood-red hawthorn, calendula medicinal flowers, threefold sequence grass and three parts of Manchurian root and left-handed safflower. It is necessary to drink the infusion by a third of a glass three times a day as a tonic and immunostimulating agent for cardiovascular diseases.
♦ For allergies. It is necessary three times a day to eat fifty or one hundred grams of fresh fruit, or to drink a decoction of dry berries. To prepare it, you need to take twenty grams of berries and pour 200 ml of boiling water over it. When the broth cools down, strain the broth and drink half a glass three or four times a day.
♦ Take two tablespoons of dried fruit and pour half a liter of boiling water. It is necessary to drink as tea, and berries to eat. You can also blanch fresh berries and pass through a meat grinder, then mix with sugar in a one-to-one ratio. It helps with allergies, fatigue and severe stress.
♦ In case of vegetative-vascular dystonia against the background of high pressure, such a collection should be treated. Take two parts of the roots with rhizomes of valerian and cyanosis of blue, chicory roots and ground part of heather, one part of peppermint and three parts of lemon balm. You need to focus on the fact that one part is thirty milliliters of herbs. Three tablespoons of the mixture should be poured 400 ml of boiling water, add one teaspoon of crushed dry black chokeberry berries and a tablespoon of hawthorn berries. Send for half an hour under the cover in a water bath. Ten minutes later, the broth must be filtered and drink fifty milliliters four times a day an hour after eating.
How to dry chokeberry in the oven
The berries of chokeberry are harvested in late summer - early autumn. Better after the first frost. Do not be late! Aronia is extremely attractive to birds, especially thrushes. They peck berries, not leaving a single fruit on the branches, so to collect it is not so easy.
Berries can be dried in the open air, but in this case, the fruits often rot or become covered with mold. It is best to unwrap chokeberry in the oven.
How to dry chokeberry in the oven: scatter the harvested crop in a thin layer on a baking sheet and send it to the oven. The temperature in the oven or electric dryer should not exceed 50 degrees. Periodically, the berries turn over, just shaking the baking sheet or mixing them with a wooden spatula. Properly dried berries change color, becoming cherry-red. Such a shade shows that the vitamin complex of PP is completely preserved in the fruits. It is better to store medicinal raw materials in paper bags or glass containers with a tight lid.
Black rowan thickens or dilutes the blood?
An unnecessarily “rare” or “thick” blood is an equally unfavorable factor. In the first case, even small wounds do not heal well, in the second case, blood clots are possible. Blood can be thickened by the abuse of sugar or fatty meat food. Before treatment, be sure to take into account that the black chokeberry thickens, and does not thin the blood. Therefore, long-term use of rowan berries for thrombophlebitis or varicose veins is contraindicated. It should be added that we are talking about the abuse of berries, and not about an occasional intake.
Is the black worm strengthened or weak?
Aronia has a unique taste and inimitable aroma. Berry juice is a real elixir of health. It has astringent, choleretic and laxative properties.This applies not only juice, but also boiled berries. Therefore, keep in mind that black chokeberry is weak rather than strong and cannot be used by people prone to frequent diarrhea and indigestion.
Healing blackberry liqueur with cherry leaves
We take a hundred blackberry berries, a hundred cherry leaves, two teaspoons of citric acid, 800 grams of sugar, two glasses of vodka and one liter of water. Berries and leaves must be ceiling and pour water. Boil the mixture for ten minutes and add sugar, citric acid, and again put on a slow fire for twenty minutes. Cool the broth and add vodka, mixing thoroughly. Take need to thirty milliliters during the epidemic of influenza.
To prepare the liqueur, take a hundred or two hundred grams of berries. They need to grind in a blender and mix with a hundred grams of cherry leaves. Dilute the whole mixture with a liter of water and send for ten minutes to a fire. After that, add 800 grams of sugar and two teaspoons of citric acid and then send for twenty minutes to the fire. Once the mixture has cooled, add half a liter of vodka, mix and bottle.
Dear readers. Once again I try to convince everyone that nature has taken care of us in full - gave us such wonderful healers. And the modest blacktop only confirms this. Besides the fact that chokeberry is very good for health, it is also very tasty. From berries it turns out excellent jam, compotes, jelly and jam. An unusually tasty and healthy liqueur from chokeberry, it is only important not to abuse.
I tried, as always, to fully disclose the useful and healing properties of Aronia, to talk about contraindications and to give many different recipes. I sincerely hope that many readers will find useful and necessary information for themselves.