Chinese lemongrass is a decorative vine with white flowers and bright green foliage. Lemongrass can decorate any garden with its appearance. It looks very impressive climber on the hedge, twisting the gate, as well as its gazebos and decorate the arch.
It is also important that almost the entire season lemongrass is able to maintain its decorative appearance. And in the fall, when the blood-red berries ripen against the background of yellowed leaves, the vine looks just great.
Chinese Lemongrass: Cultivation and Care
Not many people know that all parts of vines have in their composition useful substances and are used to prepare drugs for depression and chronic fatigue.
- Deciduous vine with a long stem belongs to the genus Magnoliavic.
- Fruits are bright red and collected in large brushes.
- Inflorescences resemble a magnolia.
- With age, the stem of the yellow liana becomes dark brown and becomes covered with bark.
- The leaves are scattered in several pieces each. The ends of the leaves are pointed, and their shape resembles an ellipse.
- The flowers are white and very fragrant. Flowering lasts two weeks, and begins in late May.
- Chinese lemongrass is quite prolific. So, from one liana can collect up to three kilograms of berries.
Lemongrass Chinese: planting and care
Lemongrass feels great in mild warm climates where there are no wintersand in the middle lane. In the first case, the planting of Schisandra Chinese is carried out in the fall, in October, so that during the winter it can strengthen and acclimatize.
In the middle lane, landing is carried out only in the spring and not earlier than April. Despite the fact that creepers grow in height, the distance between them must be at least one meter. The same applies to the structure, near which the landing.
Measure the distance from him at least one and a half meters.
He prefers a light soil with a high content of humus and good drainage. Place where to plant lemongrass, choose the lit. For planting are suitable seedlings, in which the height of the trunk is at least ten centimeters, and the roots are well developed. Too branched roots pruned.
Pit for seedlings should be not less than forty centimeters deep with a diameter of seventy centimeters. Put claydite or crushed stone on the bottom, and fill the pit with half the humus, ashes, superphosphate and leaf earth.
To feed the roots, the following mixture is prepared: mullein mixed with clay and water is added. Everything is mixed and the roots of the liana are dipped into this composition. They bury the root system so that the neck is on the surface of the earth. Earth tamped and make a mound. The soil is poured abundantly with water, and when it goes into the ground, sprinkle the hole with peat or humus.
Usually saplings vines very well take root. Caring for them is very simple. It is enough to water and cover them occasionally in case of a scorching sun. The best seedlings are considered two-year vines.
Much will depend on the location. When the vine is well protected from the winds and is in a warm place, then the appearance of magnolia vine will be healthy and blooming. Perfect western or eastern side of the plot.
Chinese lemongrass: planting seeds
This method of cultivation is very long and for this reason, little popular among gardeners. Seeds are prepared from autumn. Sow them in wet sand and mix them regularly. Dry sand constantly moistened. Store capacity with seeds in the cold place.
In late February, the tank is placed in a warm place and it should be there until the end of March. Then again moved to the refrigerator or basement.Thus, the seeds are forced to wake up and begin to germinate.
Planting seeds should be in the greenhouse on the garden. The soil for seeds is prepared as follows: park land mixed with river sand in a 2: 1 ratio. Top beds with seeds already planted sprinkled with peat.
Water as needed, as it is impossible to pour the seeds with plenty of water. So, during the year they keep sprouts under a film in a greenhouse, and a year later, they grow without shelter.
After two years, seedlings should be planted in a permanent place in the garden.
Lemongrass cultivation and care involves:
- Good soil moistening.
- Blackout from the scorching sun.
Feed lemongrass usually begin with the third year of life. For this purpose, saltpeter, bird droppings, ashes and superphosphate are used. By feeding saltpetre in spring, you will achieve lush foliage from your vine. In the summer, every two weeks, they water it with diluted bird droppings or other organic fertilizers. In the autumn they feed with ashes.
Fruits with flowers in Chinese Schizandra appear only in the fifth year of life. Now as a feeding you can use nitrophoska and potassium sulfate. Water the vine abundantly. So, for one irrigation spend up to five buckets of water for each liana.
Lemongrass is trimmed every year in early spring. Remove the top and double row vines.
Chinese lemongrass is poured abundantly. In the wild, this plant prefers to settle on wet soils. Even taking into account the fact that the root system is horizontally positioned and the roots practically do not go deep down, a lot of water is required.
They try to water with warm and separated water, after which the hole is covered with peat or moss in order to avoid its drying out.
Support for the Chinese lemongrass
That the plant had large and juicy berries on large tasselsusing trellis. Thus, the illumination of vines increases. It was observed that in a small shrub of fruits almost never occurs. Put the support as soon as they plant a sapling.
The support is a column with a height of about two and a half meters. They are deepened by sixty centimeters, and the distance between them must be at least three meters.
Three rows of metal wire are stretched, and the distance between them should be sixty centimeters. As the vine grows, it is tied up each time to the next level.
Young shoots are arranged in the form of a fan.
Starting from the age of three in lianas, active growth of the root system slows down and the ground part begins to grow vigorously. Usually leave three escapes, and the rest should be removed. When lemongrass reaches the age of fifteen, they try to remove all the old branches from it, and leave only the young ones.
In October, dried branches are pruned, and if needed, pruning is also carried out in the middle of summer. The only times of the year when lemongrass cannot be done is winter and the end of spring. During this period, there is usually an active sap flow.
Be sure to remove root shoots., and it should be done below the ground level, a little undermining the ground.
For the formation of creepers, side branches are occasionally removed.
For the winter, only young vines are sheltered, up to the age of three. In the future, Chinese lemongrass will not need shelter. Insulate usually leaves and spruce branches.
How to pick berries
In the fifth year of life, Chinese lemongrass begins to bear fruit. As soon as the fruits turn red, you can harvest. Tear off the fruit in clusters. Do it carefully so as not to damage the bones in the fruit, otherwise the taste of the berries will change and become bitter. Harvested fruits are processed the same day to avoid fermentation and mold.
Diseases and pests
The smell of Chinese lemongrass perfectly repels all pests, but diseases that are typical of garden plants cannot be avoided. The most common problems are:
- Sometimes on the leaves of lemongrass, you can see large dark spots with purple edging. Since the time spots disappear, and in their place remains a hole. This disease has a fungal character and is called phyllossticosis. It is possible to get rid of it with the help of preparations containing copper.
- Brown spots with black spots are caused by bacteria, which are also disposed of with copper-containing preparations.
- A common fungal disease - powdery mildew often affects Chinese lemongrass. The reason for its appearance is considered damp and cold. It looks like a whitish plaque on leaves with a rough, “powdery” surface. At the initial stage, it is treated with soda ash, and if it does not help, then with copper-containing preparations.
- Small brown spots called ascochitosis are treated with Bordeaux mixture.
- Saplings of Chinese Schizandra are sometimes affected by Fusarium. This fungus settles on the lower part of the stem and looks like a dark brown ring. Over time, the stem begins to soften and the plant dies. A sick seedling must be removed as long as it does not infect the rest. The soil where the diseased plant was watered with a weak solution of manganese.
- Spots of brown color with a bright middle is called Ramulariosis. This fungus is treated with fungicidal agents.
Medicinal properties of lemongrass
For the first time, Chinese healers turned to the medicinal properties of this plant. Since then, the popularity and fame of lemongrass as a doctor strengthened. At the moment, in many countries, plantations are grown for pharmaceutical needs.
The impact that berries and preparations of them have on the nervous system, it is difficult to overestimate. Not without reason, the northerners of the hunt, going on a hunt, took with them the berries of lemongrass. They not only helped restore performance, but also acted as an excellent sedative, allowing to concentrate and withstand severe frosts.
The fruits of this plant significantly improve visual acuity. Use the fruit during the treatment of depression and nervous exhaustion. Lemongrass has proven itself well for anemia and intestinal infections. It has antidote and can even withdraw from the post-alcohol or drug state.
At home, prepare the tincture of dry berries in a ratio of 1: 4. Berries infused in a dark place for two weeks. Then use the finished tincture of twenty grams per day after meals. This tool perfectly relieves fatigue. And the effect of it, unlike caffeine, acts gently without harm to the body.
From dried berries prepare the powder and add it to the tea, as a fortifying agent. No less useful tea is prepared from the leaves of Chinese Schizandra.
Juice from the berries of lemongrass is prepared as follows: berries picked and cleaned from the stalks are covered with sugar and left for three days. The resulting juice is poured into jars and stored in the refrigerator. They drink it together with hot tea, adding sugar instead of it, or use it as a syrup to desserts.
To prepare tea from lemongrass, you can use the branches of the plant. Those shoots that you cut in the summer, do not throw out, and chop and harvest for the winter. Thus, you will have an excellent vitamin drink until spring.
Lemongrass: care and cultivation, photo
Lemongrass Chinese - a perennial climbing plant, which is not only an original decoration of the garden, but also a culture that brings enormous benefits to human health.
Vitamins, mineral salts, organic acids and beneficial microelements contained in fruits, roots, leaves, seeds have a positive effect on the nervous system, stimulate cardiovascular activity, relieve fatigue, reduce blood sugar levels and help in the treatment of a large number of diseases.
Hypertensive patients to improve performance is recommended to eat 25-50 grams of fruit daily with the peel.Do not use lemongrass at night, as it threatens with problems with sleep disturbance. Tea, infusion, jam from this product should be drunk only in the morning.
Manchurian Schizandra (another name for a member of the family of lemongrass) in the wild is common in Japan, China, Korea, Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories, as well as on Sakhalin. The homeland of the plant is the Far East.
Healing frost-resistant vine is found in deciduous, mixed forests, near river valleys, near shrubs, on the edges. Prefers to grow on well-drained, organic-rich soils.
For medicinal purposes under the cultivation of lemongrass special areas are allocated.
In home gardening is the original decoration of the verandas, arbors and walls of houses and needs a strong support: arches, trellis, trellis. In the absence of such a plant will develop poorly, and you can simply not wait for fruiting.
Chinese lemongrass, the cultivation and care of which is possible even for gardeners with little experience, is characterized by a wrinkled, branching stem 1.5–2 cm thick. It can reach 15 meters in height, prefers to grow under the trees, tightly wrapping their trunks. In young plants, the color of the bark is yellowish, in adults it is dark brown.
Leaves elliptical, alternate, fleshy. The leaf plate is dark green on top, on the underside has a pale color. The flowers of the plant are characterized by white or pink color and delicate pleasant aroma with hints of lemon.
The flowering period is at the beginning of May - mid-June, after which the faded flower turns into a spike-shaped brush with two dozen red, juicy, globose-shaped berries.
The fruits are characterized by a specific taste: slightly salty, slightly coniferous, slightly sour and with a slight burning bitterness. Ripen in August-September.
Chinese lemongrass: growing and care in Siberia
Growing Chinese lemongrass at their summer cottage or in their own garden is not at all difficult. It is important to determine the location of the plant. It should be a penumbra, well protected from piercing winds.
Lemongrass, the maintenance and cultivation of which gives a lot of aesthetic pleasure, is negative and stops in growth and development to an excess of sunlight. It is recommended to place two or more trees on one site for better fruiting.
The distance between them should be 1.0-1.5 meters, when planting in rows should observe a row spacing of 2.5-3.0 meters.
Previously it is required to prepare a landing pit with a diameter of about 70 cm, a depth of 40 cm, laying a good drainage layer of broken brick, crushed stone or expanded clay at the bottom.
Then it should be combined in the same parts of the turf ground, humus, leaf compost, add 0.5 kg of wood ash and 200 grams of superphosphate. Such a dredger needs to fill the landing pit and plant a young schisandra.
The most optimal for holding this event is a cloudy April day.
The most viable are 2-3-year-old seedlings of lemongrass, characterized by small size and well-developed root system. When planting, the root collar should be level with the soil surface.
Young lemongrass, care and cultivation of which are not particularly difficult due to the undemanding nature of the plant, it is necessary to water it abundantly.
Bottom hole to preserve moisture in the kidney and prevent the growth of weeds is recommended to mulch humus or peat.
Seedlings of lemongrass is very easy to take root. It is important only to shade them in a timely manner from sunlight, periodically loosen the soil in order to ensure oxygen access to the roots, remove weeds and spray it in dry weather.
How to grow lemongrass from seed?
A more laborious and lengthy process is the cultivation of lemongrass from seeds that should be pre-soaked in water for 7-10 days. This is required for the rejection of unsuitable specimens that will float to the surface of the water in a couple of days. Also, the soaking method is necessary for the quickest seed sodding.
In the next stage of preparation for sowing, the seeds should be hardened by placing them in decontaminated sand at the rate of 1: 3. The mixture must be poured into special wooden containers and placed in a room with a temperature range of + 18 ... + 20 ° С. Moisturize for a month after a day.
Sowing of seeds is carried out in prepared grooves, the approximate depth of which is about 1.5 cm. Sowing material from above must be sprinkled with soil from the greenhouse and slightly moistened, and the beds mulched with peat. In these beds before transplanting to a permanent growth site, Chinese lemongrass will be grown from 1.5 to 2 years.
Plant feeding activities
Far East lemongrass, the cultivation and care of which is aimed at obtaining high-quality healthy fruits, like any plant, needs feeding. To carry out activities that stimulate the growth and development of garden culture, it is possible, starting from the 3rd year of planting.
In April, the stem should be sprinkled with nitrate in the amount of 20-30 grams and mulch it with humus or compost from the leaves. In the summer, every 2-3 weeks it is recommended to feed liquid organic matter.
This can be fermented cow dung diluted with water in the ratio of 1:10, or chicken droppings - 1:20.
At the end of autumn, 100 grams of wood ash and 20 grams of superphosphate are recommended to be added to each plant with further embedding to a depth of 10 cm.
Lemongrass, which is cultivated and cared for in Siberia for the most part which is produced for medicinal purposes, enters the fruiting phase 3 years after planting at a permanent place of growth. The most productive period is usually fixed in 2-4 years from the beginning of fruiting.
To increase and improve the quality of the harvest, fruit trees also need additional nutrition. In the spring, it is recommended to feed them with nitrophosphate at the rate of 40-50 grams / sq. meter. After flowering, you need to make cow or bird droppings, diluted with water at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 plant.
In the autumn, the next dressing should be carried out with potassium sulfate (30-40 g / sq. Meter) and superphosphate (60 g / sq. Meter).
In hot weather, lemongrass, care and cultivation of which does not require the use of special knowledge, it is recommended to spray with warm water, especially for young specimens.
For mature trees, moisture supply is required in dry weather, spending 6 buckets of water per plant. Watering is also needed after each additional feeding, thus ensuring optimal access of mineral and organic preparations to the roots of the plant.
With the beginning of fruiting, all feeding is required to stop. In the autumn it is recommended to mulch the soil around the plant with fallen leaves or compost.
Chinese lemongrass: growing and care
The photo colorfully conveys the external attractiveness of a resident of Siberian lands, the optimum cultivation of which is recommended to be made with the help of a good support.
You can build it from 3-meter pillars and trellis. The poles should be buried in the ground to a depth of 50-60 cm, and the trellis should be pulled between them in three rows, the lower of which should be located at a height of half a meter from the soil level, the next two rows - through 0.7-1.0 m.
At first, young shoots should be tied to the bottom wire, and subsequent ones (as they grow) to the middle and upper rows.
Activities for the preparation for the winter period are in the shelter of the plant in the first two years with a thick layer of leaves, over which the spruce branches are put, designed to scare off rodents.Mature plants are characterized by high frost resistance and do not need warming.
For the formation of a beautiful crown and the removal of old and sick shoots in the care of lemongrass is required to apply such an important factor as pruning.
After 2-3 years from the moment of planting, when the active growth of the roots will be replaced by the enhanced development of the aerial part, young shoots are required to be removed at the soil level, leaving 3-6 pieces of the strongest.
In adult plants, it is necessary to cut unproductive branches and leave young ones instead. Pruning is desirable to carry out after the autumn leaf fall. With a strong plant thickening, this operation can be carried out in the summer.
Lemongrass, care and cultivation of which do not give the gardeners much trouble, can not be pruned in winter and early spring. During this period, abundant juice production occurs, so thinning will necessarily cause the branches to dry out and possible subsequent death of the plant. In the spring, you can remove radical growth.
When ripening lemongrass? Cultivation and care (photos of the flowers of the plant can be seen in the article) are aimed at obtaining ripe and healthy fruits that can be harvested as they acquire a bright carmine-red color.
Transparency and softness will indicate the full ripeness of the berries. The collection of fruits of lemongrass is made together with the stalks, which, like the rest of the plant, have medicinal properties. They can be crushed, dried and used in hot tea as an aromatic additive.
The collected fruits should be immediately or the next day after the collection to start processing, as they are poorly stored and begin to ferment.
You can dry the berries if you put them in an oven heated to 60 ° C for 3-4 days. Medicinal properties of the plant are stored for about 2 years.
How to grow lemongrass in room conditions?
Chinese lemongrass can be grown indoors. To do this, the green stalk of a plant should be planted in a container filled with fertile soil for 2/3 and 1/3 sterile coarse sand. The above-ground part of the seedling should be covered with a glass jar or film.
Water at room temperature with small doses, but often, without taking shelter. After 2-3 weeks, when the stalk of lemongrass gives roots, the shelter can be removed at night with a gradual increase in the time the plant is in natural conditions. After 4-5 weeks, the film can be removed altogether.
Watering during this period should be reduced, since excess water can have a detrimental effect on the root system of the plant.
Room lemongrass, the cultivation and care of which do not present any particular difficulty, is recommended to be planted in the open ground for the summer, giving the plant the opportunity to actively develop in natural conditions.
How to care for Chinese lemongrass, the rules of watering the plant
Let's talk about How to grow Chinese lemongrass in his country house. The basis of success in growing Chinese lemongrass is the choice of a site for planting. Lemongrass does not tolerate drafts, shade-tolerant, but bears fruit well in good light. Therefore, it is necessary to plant a liana from the east or west side of the building, but the lower part of the plant should be pritened with low shrubs or flowers.
This plant needs nutrient and permeable soil. It does not tolerate stagnant water, but is picky about moisture, so on hot days it is necessary to spray the plant and water it regularly, mulching the soil with dry soil or foliage after each watering. About 60 l of warm water is used per one adult watering plant. Also, the soil under the lemongrass need to fluff to a depth of 2-3 cm.
Fertilizing lemongrass mineral fertilizers can be three times during the growing season. The first time should be fertilized in April before bud break at the rate of 40 g of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen per 1 sq. M. The second time - in the period of growth of the ovary 15 g of potassium and phosphorus and 20 g of nitrogen.And the last time - in the autumn after harvesting phosphorus-potassium fertilizer of 30 g. But it is better to apply organic fertilizers every 3 weeks during the growing season.
How to do pruning lemongrass
Pruning lemongrass is necessary not only to form the crown, but also to increase the yield. In the summer, during the period of strong branching, it should be thinned lemongrass, pruning the shoots of 10-12 buds. In the fall, when the foliage falls, you also need to remove excess shoots, cut off all dried branches and old unproductive vines. It is optimal if 5-6 young vines remain in the bush. In the spring is not recommended to cut lemongrass, so as not to cause excessive loss of juice. It is also necessary to remove up to half of the root offspring located furthest from the plant. Root offsprings are cut below ground level, and this can be done in the fall and in the spring.
Let's talk now about how to replant lemongrass. If lemongrass is grown from seeds, and was sown densely, then seedlings should be planted when the third leaf appears. At the place of sowing seedlings can grow for 2-3 years, then transplant them to a permanent place. Plants grown from cuttings are optimally prepared for transplantation also in the third year, when the root system becomes well developed. It is best to transplant lemongrass seedlings in the fall - from mid-September to October, when the heat subsides. Before winter, the seedlings will take root and will grow intensively in early spring. But in early spring, in April, lemongrass can also be transplanted.
For planting lemongrass pre-prepare a pit 40 cm deep and 50-60 cm wide, at the bottom of which you must lay a drainage - expanded clay, crushed stone or broken brick. Fill the pit better with a mixture of sod land, leaf compost and humus, taken in equal parts. To make the soil more nutritious, you can add a little wood ash and superphosphate.
When planting, pay attention that the root neck of the seedling remains at ground level. Young seedlings take root easily, and before transplanting adult lemongrass, weigh all the pros and cons and, in addition to preparing a new place, try to dig it out with a clod of earth, because lemongrass does not tolerate drying of the roots. After transplantation, the plants are watered abundantly and hardened for 2-3 weeks.
How to build supports for lemongrass
Support for the Chinese magnolia is a necessary condition for obtaining a good harvest and a beautiful view. Without a support, such a liana will grow a bush, the branches will be deprived of good lighting, and female flowers will not form on them.
Chinese lemongrass: how to harvest and store crops
Harvest of lemongrass in the fall in late September - October, cutting the clusters with a whole sharp knife, so as not to damage the vines. Do not pick berries in metal or galvanized dishes, because they oxidize in it - it is better to use baskets, boxes or enameled containers. The harvest must be processed within 24 hours, because the berries deteriorate very quickly.
Lemongrass berries are recommended for storage. To dry the berries for 3 days, they can be dried under a canopy, then sorted and dried in an oven at 50-60 ° С. Dried berries are stored in a dry, ventilated area for several years.
You can grind the berries with sugar in a ratio of 1: 2 and store in the refrigerator, you can freeze, you can squeeze the juice, for better taste without damaging the pits, mix it with sugar in a ratio of 1: 2, sealed and stored in a cool place. Jams, jams, compotes, wine are made from the berries of lemongrass, but to preserve all the beneficial properties of the fruits of lemongrass it is not possible to heat them to more than 60 ° C.
Preparation of lemongrass for the winter
Lemongrass Chinese - frost-resistant plant, which is explained by its habitat. Therefore, do not remove adult plants from supports, they do not need protection, and with frosts up to 35 ° C they can lose only a part of the crown, which will quickly recover. But, if the frosts are up to 40 ° C, then you should grow lemongrass on hooks and remove it from the support for the winter and cover it with dry leaves. Seedlings, saplings and young plants up to 3-4 years of life must be covered with dry leaves of 10-15 cm or spruce branches. If the shoots of young plants are small, they can be removed from the support and also covered.
Growing Chinese Schisandra: all about planting, soil and timing (photo)
It all starts with planting vines and creating support. You need to grow graceful shrubs on a solid hedge, which can serve as: a fence, an arch, an arbor.
Choosing a landing site
A place for creepers should be warm, protected from cold winds. It is best to give preference to the western or eastern side of the site where the plant can be in partial shade. The bright scorching sun will only harm the plant, and in the full shadow of the beautiful fruits do not wait.
Soil for lemongrass
The composition of the soil is important for growing lemongrass. It is necessary to create all the conditions as close as possible to the natural. For planting seedlings need to use light ground, the best forest. Heavy loam is not suitable for planting lemongrass. Such land must be prepared in advance.
The pit for planting the plant should be spacious so that the root system is freely located in it. As a rule, landing pits are prepared in the following sizes: 50 cm in diameter and 60 cm in depth. At the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer is laid, which will not only ensure the outflow of excess water, but also help the horses to mate well with the soil, which is important when growing lianas.
To fill the pit I use fertilized soil, adding sand, humus, compost, ash and superphosphate to it. After planting, the soil should be well tamped, watered and mulch. Mulch can serve as sawdust, peat, fallen leaves or humus.
When planting seedlings need to monitor the level of the root collar, it should be flush with the ground. Deepening of the root collar is unacceptable.
When to plant a seedling
The optimal time for planting a seedling is spring, the end of April - the beginning of May. In the southern regions of the country, planting of lemongrass is allowed in autumn, in October. Seedlings should be strong, with a well-developed root system. As a rule, for planting choose 2-3 summer vines. It is in such a shrub, despite its small growth, roots are well developed. The distance between plants should be at least 1 meter, otherwise adult vines will drown each other.
Growing lemongrass seeds (photo)
Lemongrass can be propagated by root shoots and seeds. Seed propagation is a very exciting process. But there are some rules, the observance of which will allow to grow a good sapling.
1. Seeds must be fresh. After 6 months, they lose their germination.
2. Be sure to carry out the stratification of seeds.
3. Seeds are planted immediately on the garden where they will grow during the first three years.
4. During the entire preparation phase, the seeds should be wet.
5. The time of planting seeds is at the beginning of April. The first shoots may appear after 2.5 months.
6. Depth of seeding is about 1-1.5 cm.
7. The first year the plants need good care and watering. The soil is constantly loosened and removed weeds, protect seedlings from the wind.
8. In the first year, seedlings reach a height of 5-7 cm. In the second year, the root system develops and the vine grows. At the age of three, plants should have a height of up to 50 cm, only then they are planted in a permanent place.
Preparing for the winter
Mature plants winter well without shelter. Young creepers need reliable protection from frost. For this plant spud earth, fallen leaves.
Lemongrass is grown only on the trellis, which increases the lighting of the bush and its fruiting. In winter, the vines are not untied from the hedge, but left.
Important!The danger for the plant are not the frosts themselves, but the spring frosts. Therefore, in spring there is no need to hurry with the removal of the shelter from young vines.
Lemongrass Chinese is a perennial tree liana, which in nature grows up to 150 meters long. Belongs to the family of limonnikovyh. The stem is slightly wrinkled and well branched. Its thickness reaches 2 cm. Depending on the age, the shoots may have a different shade. A young creeper has a yellowish stem, and in plants older than 5 years, the color changes to brown-black.
Leaves of lemongrass arranged alternately. They have an average thickness and are presented in the form of an ellipse. The upper part of the bright green hue, and the bottom - much paler. The tops of the plates are pointed.
The Far Eastern or Chinese lemongrass, as it is also called, has cross-pollination.
The buds of Chinese schisandra in loose form are very similar to actinidia flowers. They are located on long stalks and have a light pink shade. During flowering around the vine keeps a pleasant aroma that can surprise all visitors. This period of lemongrass falls on the month of May. It lasts until the middle of June. At the end of flowering berries are formed. They are collected in spiky brushes. In each of them can be from 23 to 26 fruits.
Chinese lemongrass is a plant whose spherical berries have five flavors. Inside each are two pods of yellowish hue. Also seeds can get brown or brown color. Ripe berries have a rich burgundy tone. When chewing appears distinct spicy, salty, sour, bitter and slightly hot taste.
The uniqueness of this plant lies in the leaves. When rubbed, a pronounced lemon flavor appears. It is from this and the name of this plant.
Cultivated in Russia varieties of Chinese magnolia
Only a few varieties successfully cultivate in the cottages of the Moscow region, the Urals and Siberia:
Each of the above types has its own beneficial properties. For a long time this plant was used to treat many diseases. The fruits of this culture have various biological components. The pulp of the berries is rich in essential oils, acids, carbohydrates and vitamin C.
Photos of the correct fit and care for lemongrass Chinese can be seen below. Observing all the requirements, the plant will certainly please with a beautiful flowering and abundant harvest.
Rules for growing lemongrass
Liana does not need special care. To grow a beautiful plant, it is enough to follow the basic rules. Particular attention should be paid to the landing site. Much depends on the choice of a site. If you ignore the requirements, Liana can simply dry out.
When planting and caring for Chinese lemongrass in the suburbs, take into account that the plant needs an eight-hour light day.
The plant prefers well-lit areas. The best place is on the south side. At the same time it is important to ensure that the shadow of buildings does not fall on the vine. When planting and caring for Chinese magnolia in the Urals, it is necessary to take into account that the plant is not in a draft. If this is ignored, in winter, even frost-resistant varieties are able to freeze.
Soil for planting
Before planting a young plant in open ground, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. The first thing to do - loosen. After the landing site is dug up, you will need to fertilize it. For this it is better to use humus. Also a good option is peat and wood ash. When planting should not forget about the drainage. It is recommended to lay pebbles or crushed bricks on the bottom of the recess.
Planting should be carried out in the soil, which is heated to at least +10 0 C.
Grow a young plant in several ways. The most common is grafting. Liana, derived by this method, begins to bear fruit in the second year of his life.
If you want to grow lemongrass from seeds, put them in the soil in the fall. Carry out the procedure before the first frost.
Young vines should be watered every day. As soon as they are accepted, the number of procedures can be reduced by half. If watering is carried out during the day, then water is better to pour at the root. Adult plants in the hot period of the year are irrigated with liquid with the calculation of 5 buckets per liana. To keep the moisture well in the area of the root system, do not forget about mulching.
This is an important step in growing a plant. That the liana was beautiful and gave qualitative fruits, it is necessary to feed up culture three times a season. The first procedure should be carried out in the spring. Nitrogen preparations are best for this period. The second dressing should be made after flowering. The best option in this case are organic products. The last procedure is recommended after harvesting.
Lemongrass is a plant that practically does not get sick. Occasionally, it may be affected by powdery mildew, black spot, phyllocytosis. Such problems mainly arise from improper care. To get rid of pests, the vine is treated with a fungicide, which can be bought at any specialty store.
Anyone who decides to grow Chinese lemongrass in their area will certainly be satisfied. Care for such a liana is easy. Even a teenager can cope with this task.
When to plant
The best result gives spring planting seedlings before bud break. Lemongrass does not like transplanting and drying out earthen coma. Within 15 days after planting in a permanent place, the young liana is prune.
Proper care for lemongrass Chinese is to tying creepers to supportsmaking fertilizer, irrigation, soil loosening.
If lemongrass is used for decorative gardening of buildings and arbors, its shoots are sent in the right direction.
In the first year after landingand liana spends a lot of effort on acclimatization in a new place. But next spring, lemongrass sharply moves in growth and gives strong gains.
If several plants grow nearby, then they are completely closed and intertwined for 3 yearforming a solid wall.
You should constantly monitor soil moisture getting rid of weeds, regularly loosen the trunk circle. Mulching is a good help in this case.
High-quality care for the seedling contributes to the early entry into fruiting and active growth.
Top dressing lemongrass
Every year the plant takes out of the soil large amount of nutrients substances. Their lack affects a general condition of a sapling and quantity of a crop. Organic and mineral fertilizers alternate and make 4-5 times per season together with abundant watering.
- Top dressing in early spring lemongrass is held before bud break. Will fit nitrophoska - 50 grams per m2. Optimally dissolve the fertilizer in water and water abundantly. After that, carefully grumble.
- After flowering lemongrass feed infusion of mullein or any other organic matterwhich is in stock. At least one liter is required per plant.
- Summer 2 times feed complex fertilizer in liquid form.
- And in September Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced by 40 grams superphosphate and potassium salt.
Dry fertilizers are buried shallowly (up to 6 cm), since deep digging of the trunk circle is prohibited.
During the period of active fruiting, Chinese magnolia grows a large green mass, gives a lot of root shoots, so it must be cut off.Literally over two seasons, the numerous shoots thicken the crown so much that the number of berries is noticeably reduced from a lack of light.
Therefore, the annual removal of thickening branches and root shoots is indispensable. It is better to cut in the summer. Young shoots pinch, leaving only 10 buds.
Growing from seed
To grow lemongrass from seeds, it is necessary to separate the ripe fruit from the stalks, squeeze the juice out of gauze through it, and gently wash the flesh. You can put the pulp with seeds in a cup of water, mix well.
Ripe full-weighted seeds drown, and underdeveloped float. Carefully separate the pulp from the good seeds. Then the seed is dried in the shade and with good ventilation.
A feature of lemongrass seeds is that they only rise in the first year after collection. Extremely low germination observed at 2 and 3 years. For planting, it is recommended to choose the largest, morphologically valuable seeds.
As well as seeds of actinidia, lemongrass needs long stratification:
- 1 month at a temperature of 3-50 C.
- Another 1 month seeds are kept at a temperature of 150 C.
Sowing in the ground
To sow lemongrass in April, seeds are prepared with February. It is best to temper them in moss. It retains moisture well and retards the development of mold fungi.
Place the moss and seeds in the fridge in the vegetable compartment for a month. If there is no moss, wet sand will do. Moss or sand can be ventilated every week.
In a month A dish with seeds is taken from the refrigerator and stored indoors away from the sun at a temperature of 15-20 degrees. After about 3 weeks, the seeds begin to bite.
Stratified planting material is soaked for 3-4 days. During this time, the seeds of Schisandra Chinese swell and increase in size.
Now you can sow on seedlings in peat tablets or in boxes with soil consisting of equal parts of humus, sod land and sand. In boxes the seedlings will grow until the next spring.
- You can do even simpler: sow the seeds in the winter immediately into the open ground to a depth of 1 cm. The bed is not covered with anything.
In May and June shoots appear. Experienced gardeners recommend mix the seeds of Chinese lemongrass with dill seeds and sow.
Dill will rise in early spring, indicating the place of planting (as is known, gardeners often forget where and what was planted). A little later, at the end of spring, sprouts of lemongrass appear. This tandem is left to grow together until autumn.
Dill creates a light shade of seedlings of lemongrass, protecting them from heat and moisture loss. During the season, seedlings will grow up to 15 cm. Without shading, seedlings develop poorly and early produce root growth.
And in the light of the penumbra small lemongrass is intensively increasing the green mass and give good gains. Biennial seedlings can reach 50 cm and are already suitable for transplanting to a permanent place.
Greens are suitable for cuttings lignified shoots of the current year. They are cut off in early July, immersed in a solution of heteroauxin or any other drug that stimulates rooting for a day. After that, the stalk is planted in a greenhouse or box.
Best for rooting lemongrass suitable coarse sand. In peat or a mixture of soil or sand, the percentage of rooting is much lower. The stalk must be covered with a plastic bottle or plastic. After 35-45 days, roots are formed.
How does bloom
Most berries formed on vines with a height of 2 meters, where the largest number of female flowers. Below 1 meter rarely fruit are tied. Extremely important in the spring and summer to conduct pruning.
Pollen from male flowers located on the lower branches, is carried by the wind. Bees and bumblebees rarely sit on this plant.
Through the solid hay of leaves and pollen sprouts practically do not fall on female flowers. Also important and weather conditions during flowering.The pollen is carried by the wind in a dry state, so the rain during this period reduces the yield.
Lemongrass vinegar is prone to many diseases:
- Leaf spot
- Mealy dew
- Rot of Mature Fruits
Control measures include carefully removing fallen leaves in the fall, spraying Bordeaux liquid before vegetation begins.
Fruits contain tartaric, malic, succinic, citric acids, vitamins C and E, catechins. Also extremely rich in mineral salts, as well as potassium, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, silver and zinc.
Lemongrass accumulates a special substance schizandrin, which has a stimulating effect on the cardiovascular and central human systems. Schizandrin is found in all parts of the plant.
Pharmacological dose of schizandrine found in 50 grams of fresh fruit. In China, the berries of this vine are called "the fruits of five tastes." Still, their skin is sweet and salty at the same time, the juice is sour, and the seeds are burning.
Lemongrass is contraindicated:
- Children up to 12 years
- Nursing moms
- People with heart problems
- You can not eat lemongrass berries after 18 hours - insomnia is guaranteed.
In moderate doses (no more than 50 grams of berries at a time) and after consulting doctors, eating lemongrass berries is indicated to stimulate and tone the nervous system.
Medicinal preparations based on Chinese magnolia vine sharpen eyesight simplify adaptation of the eyes to the dark, activate the gastrointestinal tract, lowers blood sugar levels. Dogwood also has similar properties.
By the way, lemongrass is not the only liana that grows well in the middle belt. Excellent fruit in the open field vines new frost-resistant varieties of kiwi.
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Characteristics of the plant lemongrass
It is a lemongrass perennial plant with high decorative qualities. It is often called shizandra. Belongs to the genus of limonnikovyh, magnolia. Widely distributed in Primorsky and Khabarovsk, China, as well as on southern Sakhalin.
Below is a description of lemongrass:
- It has the appearance of a woody vine. The trunk in the wild is capable of reaching a height of 17 meters and a thickness of about 3 centimeters. Lemongrass wraps trunks of trees, shrubs. It has a lot of longitudinal lentils. The shoot is yellowish or dark brown. Hue depends on age: young plants are lighter. The bark is uneven and flaky.
- The foliage is elliptical in shape, has a pointed tip and a wedge-shaped base. The leaves are alternate, growing in several pieces in the petioles of a pinkish-brown color. Their length is 10 centimeters, while the width is 4 centimeters.
- It blooms not for long, from May to June. During this period, begins to emit a fragrance that attracts pollinating insects. It looks like a lemongrass flower to something like a magnolia. Painted in white or pale pink tone.
- After the flowering period is over, spherical red-colored fruits appear that form a spike-like brush. They are soft, juicy, have a thin peel. The taste is interesting and multifaceted: the flesh is slightly sour, and the peel is sweet.
The berries of Chinese lemongrass are used actively and in many areas. With one liana usually collect about 3 kilograms of the crop. Lemongrass berries are especially in demand in China.
There, this plant is loved more than any other fruit crops. Shizandra make teas, desserts, jams. Residents of our country also appreciate the taste of lemongrass.
A lot of useful information in the article: Juniper: healing properties and contraindications for humans.
The benefits of Chinese lemongrass
Shizandra berries contain large quantities of citric, tartaric, malic acids, fatty acids, vitamins C, A, E.
There are also trace elements such as magnesium, iron, zinc and selenium.Fresh fruits have some sugar in their composition.
Dried specimens possess tannins, pectin elements, essential oils, saponins and carotenoids. Knowing how useful lemongrass, you can successfully treat with it various ailments.
Moreover, for healing purposes, they use not only berries, but also leaves, roots, flowers, twigs and even bark.
Gives the correct use of lemongrass berries such effect:
- Improving the psycho-emotional state. Helps with depression and stress. In the countries of the East, the plant is used to maintain a high level of productivity throughout the day.
- Normalization of the heart. Some medicines are made on the basis of Chinese magnolia.
- Stimulating and energetic. Pharmacists use lemongrass seeds to create medicines that relieve sleepiness, mental and physical fatigue, and remove apathy.
- Improving the functioning of the liver. Regular consumption contributes to the fact that liver cells are restored. Sunflower seeds contain fat-soluble elements that protect the liver from toxins. The product is useful for patients with hepatitis.
- Maintain hormonal balance. Schizandr improves the functioning of the adrenal glands. The berries contain phytoestrogens. Therefore, the fruits of this plant are shown in premenstrual syndrome, menopause.
- Suppression of the growth of cancer cells.
Harm from the use of culture
But not everyone and not always can eat Chinese Schizandra or take preparations based on it.
The majority of reviews of Chinese Schizandra are positive, but some consumers have a negative impact. Usually manifested harm as a result of improper use of the product.
The following are contraindications and possible negative effects:
- If you exceed the dosage, the work of the central nervous system is inhibited, the functioning of the intestine and stomach is disturbed, insomnia and depression appear. Every day it is allowed to eat no more than 2-6 berries.
- Pregnant and lactating women should stop using schizandra.
- Not recommended product for those who have peptic ulcer, heartburn, increased intracranial pressure, epilepsy.
- In rare cases, lemongrass causes an allergic reaction. Therefore, eating berries should start with a small amount and monitor the condition of the body. Usually, if there is intolerance, it appears after an hour after eating the fruit and lasts no more than 6 hours.
- Sometimes, as a side effect, there is an increase in blood pressure, tachycardia and headache.
The main thing is to take this product correctly. Then no complications should arise. Knowing what constitutes a lemongrass: the benefits and harms of its use, really improve health.
How to grow Chinese lemongrass at their summer cottage?
To get a cottage or indoor lemongrass: the cultivation and care of it must be organized correctly. Propagated seed culture. They can be purchased at a specialty store or you can collect the material yourself. This is real if the schizandra already grows on its own plot or near its neighbors.
Seed preparation and sowing
So that the cultivation of Chinese lemongrass from the seeds was successful, and shoots quickly appeared, the seeds were stratified before planting.
The highest results are achieved if the berries collected in the fall were stored whole and not peeled for a long time. Clean the seed from pulp in early January.
It is thoroughly washed and immersed in cold water for several days, changing daily fluid.
To grow a good Chinese lemongrass: planting and care should be carried out according to this algorithm:
- Take sand, calcined well. Pour it into the box.
- Seeds are buried in the substrate.
- The container is kept at a temperature of about +20 degrees.
- A month later, transfer the capacity to the garden area and cover with a thick layer of snow. In this state, the seeds spend another 30 days.
- Then the box is kept for two weeks in a cool place, where the temperature level is about +10 degrees. After this preparation, the hard shell of the seeds cracks, which facilitates the germination process.
- Planted seeds are sown in a container or box filled with a mixture of sand and humus. The material is laid out on the surface and covered with a 0.5 cm layer of substrate.
- Abundantly irrigate.
- Cover the container with a sheet of paper to maintain moisture.
Usually already after 10 days sprouts appear. We must remember that during the period of germination and development of lemongrass is highly susceptible to fungal infections. In order to avoid disease should be treated with a weak manganese solution. When the shoots formed 5 of these leaves, make a pick. At a permanent place of growth culture planted in early June.
If the cultivation of Chinese lemongrass and caring for them properly, the plant will turn out beautiful, healthy, will give a good harvest of healthy fruits. The first few years Shizandra poorly tolerates exposure to direct sunlight. Therefore, it is recommended to build a cover. Liana needs a vertical support. Otherwise, the sapling will start to give root growth, it will thrive.
Lemongrass, grown from seeds, begins to bloom quite late - for the 7th year. But this method of reproduction has an important advantage over other methods: male and female flowers are formed on the liana. And this allows you to get a good harvest from one plant.
Conclusions about growing Chinese lemongrass
Thus, the article considered an interesting lemongrass plant: growing and caring for a crop. It should be noted that the content of the flower unpretentious. However, the seed method of multiplying it requires considerable effort and time.
There are different varieties of lemongrass, but its Chinese variety is especially in demand. It has high decorative parameters, healing properties, unusual lemon flavor and good taste.
We advise you to look at the article about the cultivation of tulips with the help of bulbs and seeds.
What does Chinese Schizandra look like?
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Chinese Schizandra (Schisandra chinensis) is a representative of a small variety of the Schizandra family.
Interesting! The name of the plant was due to the characteristic smell of lemon peel, which is inherent in the leaves and shoots. In addition to this feature lemongrass has nothing to do with citrus.
In nature, lemongrass has significant overall dimensions. Liana with a climbing stem has a length of about 12-15 m, in the absence of any restrictions. The stem diameter is small, 2.5-3 cm. The branches cover the bark of a brown color. Leaf plates have the shape of a wide oval or ovate, dense to the touch, leathery. On the edges of the leaves there are almost imperceptible teeth. Flowers that appear in spring resemble magnolias made from wax.
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Ripe berries of lemongrass bright scarlet color, have a spherical shape. The fruits are collected in 15-25 pieces in a brush with a length of 8-12 cm and resemble clusters of grapes or red currants. The berries have a pleasant citrus scent. Each has 1-2 large seeds. Tastes of fruits are extremely specific, as they contain:
- organic acids
- resinous and tannins,
- essential oils.
The skin of the berries has a sweet, salty, tart taste. The seeds have a bitter taste, and the juice is sour and astringent.
The yield of the plant is quite high, on average about 3-5 kg of berries can be collected from one plant.During the “splash” period, which happens every 3–7 years, the vine produces 1.5–2 times more fruits than usual. Mature crops are harvested in late summer or early September.
Useful! Lemongrass Chinese refers to dioecious plants, so pollination and subsequent fruiting is possible only if there are plants on the site, with both “male” and “female” flowers.
The main methods of reproduction of lemongrass
Lemongrass Chinese reproduces in several ways:
Saplings are the easiest way to grow lemongrass, although cuttings and young plants are also actively used for breeding this type of plant. As a basis for cuttings, the tops of young shoots, soaked in a heteroauxin solution, are planted in a hotbed covered with a film.
However, lemongrass can be successfully grown not only from seedlings or cuttings, but also from seeds. The reproduction of lemongrass seeds is a more laborious process, which requires not only the proper preparation of the soil, but also the stratification of planting material. Stratification is a mandatory process to increase the percentage of seed germination. Seeds should be stored at a certain temperature (not exceeding 7 degrees) - in a refrigerator or pantry.
For better storage, lemongrass seeds should be mixed with moistened sand. A prerequisite is regular mixing, airing the planting material (once every two weeks) and keeping the sand in a moist state. 2 months before planting, the seeds are first placed for 30 days in a room with an air temperature of +20 degrees, then the planting material is again transferred to a cooler room.
Seeds are sown in a greenhouse in the prepared grooves (2 cm deep), and the soil should be sufficiently moist. After sowing, the grooves are filled up, covered with a mixture of peat and sand, and watered. Further watering is carried out only in the morning, it should not be too frequent, therefore it is carried out exclusively on hot days.
How to choose seedlings, planting features
The process of selecting seedlings of lemongrass should be approached with all responsibility. Choose a healthy two or three year old plant with sufficiently long roots (at least 20 cm). In addition, the roots should be slightly damp (ideally in the ground), without any damage.
Seed bark should be smooth - this is evidence of a sufficient level of moisture in the plant. In order not to damage the seedlings during transportation, they should be wrapped with a damp cloth and a piece of polyethylene.
If at the time of sale the roots were not too wet, before planting they are recommended to be placed for 10-12 hours in water (you can add a special stimulant for better root formation) - this will allow the plant to get saturated with moisture, fully restore all vital processes, move away from stress caused by transportation and transplant.
It is preferable to plant the plants in early spring (when the threat of early frosts, which are detrimental to the vines) or in the fall (optimally, October and November) is bypassed. Seedlings should be located at some distance from each other (up to 1.5 meters). Planting different varieties of lemongrass allows you to increase the amount of the harvest several times.
In order to properly plant seedlings of lemongrass, you should follow a specific algorithm:
- Dig a small hole (40 * 60 cm).
- Lay out the bottom of the pit with large gravel, pebbles or slate fragments, bricks - for better drainage.
- Fill the hole with a mixture of humus, compost, sod, in addition, you should add a small amount of ash and superphosphate.
- Planting seedlings in the prepared hole. Please note - after planting, the root neck of the vine should be slightly (about 5 cm) above the soil level.
- Abundantly water the plant.
Tip: for planting it is better to use seedlings of plants at the age of 2-3 years - they have a fairly strong root system and excellent vitality.
Planting lemongrass - a simple process, the main thing - to choose a suitable place for planting and prepare the ground.
Lemongrass, planted in a warm, well-protected place from wind gusts, has lush foliage, beautiful fruits and an attractive appearance. It can also be planted along fences, arbors, outbuildings.
This plant does not like the abundance of sunlight, so when planting should pick up a place where part of the daylight Schisandra will be in the shade (for example, in the southern regions - this is the east side). Direct sunlight adversely affect the plant.
Schizandra Chinese fruit usually in the third year after planting, but the richest harvest you can collect only in the sixth year. As soon as the clusters become bright red, and the berries are soft and transparent, they can be removed. Berries can be harvested along with the stalks, which, after drying and grinding, are also used for tea.
Please note - lemongrass berries have a limited shelf life, so the processing of the fruits of lemongrass should be performed directly on the day of collection. During processing, it is not recommended to crush the seeds inside the berries - they will give the fruit an unpleasant bitterness. The best way to harvest the fruits of Schizandra Chinese is to dry them (for several days in an oven at 60 degrees Celsius) - in this form they can be stored for up to two years.
Chinese decorative lemongrass - how to organize the cultivation and care
Some gardeners are in vain afraid of planting Chinese lemongrass; planting and caring in the suburbs do not bring much trouble, even despite the fact that this plant comes from a completely different climatic region - the Far Eastern region. Caring for lemongrass - the process is simple, which does not require time-consuming manipulations. At the same time the plant will become not only a real decoration of the garden, but also a useful addition to your diet.
Proper care of this plant is practically independent of the region. Lemongrass is almost not susceptible to diseases and pests, it needs only the right light regime and timely watering. Lemongrass Chinese has the cultivation and care in the suburbs simple, but there are some differences from, for example, cultivation in the eastern region.
Unpretentiousness of this plant does not bring any trouble, the only thing is to check where the planting material was brought from, because by chance you can get a growth of wild and not decorative lemongrass, which is brought from the Far Eastern region - it can be infected with various diseases that it receives from the mother vine. .
Lemongrass Chinese: planting and care, cultivation in open field
Lemongrass Chinese (lat. Schisandra chinensis) is a species of Lemongrass family of Limonnik family, found in the wild on the edges and glades of coniferous-deciduous and deciduous forests, in the narrow valleys of streams and mountain rivers, on old burns and cuttings of Korea, Japan, China and the Russian territory of the Far East. It grows in groups, forming thickets and rising to the mountains to a height of 600 m above sea level. In the culture of Chinese lemongrass grown for a long time: for medicinal purposes, it began to cultivate at least 250 years before our era.
The plant is a climbing leaf deciduous up to 15 m long with a trunk up to 2.5 cm in diameter and shoots covered with brown-brown bark, peeling on old, and shiny and smooth on young. Both shoots and leaves of lemongrass have a characteristic citrus scent, due to which the plant got its name.
The leaves of lemongrass dense, obovate or elliptical, with a wedge-shaped base and few and implicitly pronounced teeth along the edges.The leaves are connected to the shoots by pink or red petioles up to 3 cm long. In spring and summer, the upper part of the leaf plate is light green, shiny, bare, and the bottom is bluish, with pubescence along the veins. In autumn, Chinese leaves of Schisandra leaves are painted in yellow-orange and ocher-yellow shades.
Growing lemongrass: planting and care in the open field
Fragrant waxy white dioecious flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm on drooping pedicels are 3-5 pieces in the axils of the leaves. The collective raceme-like fruit up to 10 cm long consists of edible spherical double seed red berries and a sour taste. The berries of Chinese Schizandra also have a characteristic smell for the plant. The bud-shaped seeds of Schisandra Chinese retain their germination only until spring.
How to care for lemongrass Chinese
Caring for lemongrass, as for any other ornamental plant, includes: watering, fertilizing, pruning and installation of supports.
Lemongrass - moisture-loving plant, so watering should be given special attention. In addition to direct irrigation, at high temperatures the plant should be sprayed with heated water. Young plants need more watering than adults.
On average, watering one plant takes 5-6 buckets of water. In addition, water the plant and after each fertilizer of the soil. Watering plants is better in dry weather.
In order to preserve moisture in the soil longer, it is covered with dry earth near the roots of the plant. Witness or yellowing of leaves, the appearance of brown or light green spots indicate insufficient watering.
How to perform the correct feeding lemongrass
During the first 3 years after planting, the young plant does not need any fertilizer, but the whole subsequent period is recommended to feed lemongrass - this will increase its decorative effect, will give the leaves of the vine more juicy color. Fertilizer is performed in autumn and spring.
In the autumn period fertilizers are used after the fall of all the leaves. For uniform fertilization, the soil around the vine is carefully loosened (to a depth of 10 cm). During this period, you can use ash, superphosphate, potash fertilizers.
For spring feeding Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used, it is usually started in April, during the period of active growth, until the bud breaks. In order to properly fertilize, the land must be well loosened, fertilizer applied and irrigated.
Further, once a month, you can use organic fertilizers (for example, humus, a solution of chicken manure). Mature plants that have previously been harvested can be fertilized with a more complex mineral fertilizer, nitrophosphate.
How to perform pruning lemongrass
Cut lemongrass no earlier than 2-3 years after planting, when the aerial part of the plant develops most actively. Young shoots are cut at ground level, leaving no more than 6 pieces (schematic pruning). If you are pruning an adult plant, prune all unproductive branches, which should be replaced from the number of young plants (anti-aging pruning).
All manipulations are recommended in the autumn, after the abscission of all leaves. However, if the vine is too overgrown and looks neglected, pruning can be done at the beginning of summer (the most favorable months are June and July). It is strictly forbidden to prune lemongrass vine in winter - during this period there is an active drying of the plant.
Sanitary pruning is carried out in the summer, as the plant grows, and involves the removal of dried or small branches, thinning the crown, shortening the length of the side shoots. Dense foliage adversely affects the amount of future harvest, so the correct pruning of the crown creates the right conditions for the formation of a large number of fruits of Chinese schizandra.
How to install support
Lemongrass is recommended to grow on special supports - trellis.This method of placement significantly increases the degree of illumination of the plant, resulting in an increased size of the berries. Lemongrass, grown without supporting structure, resembles a small bush and does not produce fruit.
It is recommended that a tappler be installed directly after planting plants, but in the first year it is also permissible to use wooden pegs instead of permanent supports (this method is temporary). If lemongrass is planted along the walls, instead of a trellis, you can use small ladders, installed with a slight slope. Trellis facilitate the cultivation and care of Chinese lemongrass.
To make a trellis with your own hands, you need to dig into the ground (to a depth of about 0.6 m) wooden posts that should be above the soil level at a distance of at least 2 meters. The distance between the bars should be at least three meters.
After installing the pillars on them, three rows of wire are stretched (the distance between the rows should be from 0.5 to 0.7 m). Garter shoots of lemongrass to the wire is carried out throughout the summer period, in fan pattern. Shooting fixed shoots can not be, so in the winter they remain in the same position.
Preparation for the winter period is necessary only for young plants, it provides for hilling with earth, shelter of magnolia vine with a 10-centimeter layer of leaves and installation of protection against rodents. Mature plants are cold-resistant, so they do not need special preparation for the cold.
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In nature, there are between 15 and 23 species of Schisandra Chinese. On suburban areas most often you can find the following types:
- Garden one. This hybrid is self-fertile and does not need pollinators. It has good yield, resistance to cold and the rate of growth of shoots. Ripe fruits are juicy, the flesh tastes sour. The brush has an average length of about 9-10 cm and consists of 22-25 berries. The average yield per adult plant is 4-6 kg.
- Mountain. This variety was first bred in the Far East and has an average term of fruit ripening. Ripe berries can be picked at the end of August. The species has good immunity and tolerates winter. The average length of the brush - 8-9 cm, and weight - 12-13 grams. It consists of fruits of dark scarlet color, with bitter pulp and tangible sourness. Dense pulp quite juicy. The yield from the plant is about 1.5-2 kg.
- Volgar. This variety belongs to winter hardiness, tolerates drought well, and is resistant to the appearance of diseases and pests. Most often the plant appears at the same time as "male" and "female" flowers, but occasionally there are seasons when only "male" forms. Mature fruits are recommended to be collected in early September. The weight of the brush, which consists of 13-15 berries, is 6-7.5 grams. The berries have a pronounced resinous aroma, the flesh tastes sour.
- Firstborn The variety is one of the latest achievements of Russian breeders, bred in Moscow. It is resistant to frost and diseases. Berries of purple-scarlet color have an elongated shape, small size. The fruit pulp is bright red. The brush has a length of about 12 cm, and weighs 10-12 grams. The plant belongs to monoecious, bush - srednerosly. A significant disadvantage of this type is low resistance to frost and weak immunity. Liana usually has a length of no more than 5 meters.
- Myth. The origin of this hybrid variety is not known for certain. Brushes with fruits are not too long - about 7 cm, while the berries are not very sour and are suitable for fresh consumption. About 15-18 pcs.
- Oltis. The species was bred in the Far East, has a good yield - about 3-4 kg per bush, and resistance to diseases and viruses. Fruits are small, dark scarlet. The length of the brush is on average 9-11 cm, and the weight is 25-27 grams.In each joint there are 25-30 berries. The flesh of the fruit is bitter and sour.
- Purple. This variety is one of the oldest, it was bred in 1985 in the Far East. Mature fruits can be harvested at the end of summer. The first berries are removed after 3-4 years after planting on the site. Adult plant brings from 3 to 4 kg of berries per season. The variety belongs to winter hardiness and is often subject to the appearance of diseases and viruses. The berries are small, compact plants. The taste of the fruit is sour, covered with scarlet skin.
Watch the video! Lemongrass Chinese Planting Cultivation Care
Planting and transplanting
In the dacha or garden plots Chinese magnolia is also grown not only for fruiting, but also for decoration. In landscape design the liana is used widely enough. Arbors, green walls, railings and arches, twined with stems with leaves and clusters of berries, look very impressive.
Planting time depends on the region in which the cultivation will be carried out:
- In regions with good climatic conditions (in Ukraine, southern Russia), it is possible to plant lemongrass in September and even in the first half of October. This period is the most acceptable, since a sufficient amount of time remains before the onset of frosts and the plant can easily adapt to new conditions.
- In areas with a temperate climate - in middle Siberia, in the Urals, it is recommended to plant the plant in spring. In the regions of central Russia, lemongrass is planted in late April - early May, during this period the soil warms up to at least 10 degrees. It is necessary to transplant the plant before the growth buds. In the summer months, lemongrass will be able to form a well-developed root system and prepare for winter.
According to gardeners, on the site should be planted at the same time several seedlings of Schisandra, it is best if they are different varieties, leaving between them a distance of about 1 meter, and the interval between rows should be 2-2.5 meters.
Attention! Placing the liana next to the wall, you should indent so that rainwater does not fall on the lemongrass from the roof. This can adversely affect the plant root system.
You should also provide a place to place a trellis, otherwise the plant may not bear fruit. Poles of 2-3 meters length, arranged in a row, with a strained wire at different heights - the simplest option. As the vine grows, the shoots become attached to it and form a structure similar to a fan. In a warm climate, lemongrass shoots are not removed from the trellis, even in the winter months.
Important! When choosing seedlings should pay particular attention to the root system. The roots must be well developed, there must be at least 3 roots about 20 cm long. The average height of a 2-3 year old plant is 12-15 cm.
The soil in which lemongrass will be planted should be fertile, loose and light, also allowing air and water to pass through. It is strictly forbidden to plant in a heavy substrate, in which moisture stagnates:
Well tolerated plant penumbra, shade. The maximum yield from one bush can be harvested when grown in an open, sunny area.
Reference! Lemongrass Chinese - A cultivated plant that does not tolerate too wet soil at the roots. When planting plants should take into account the level of groundwater, if they come closer to the surface than 1.5-2 m, then for Schizandra should find another place.
In advance it is necessary to prepare a landing hole:
- if the plant is planted in the fall, the pit should be prepared a few weeks before planting,
- and if in the spring - the previous season.
The recommended pit depth is 40-50 cm, and the diameter is 65-70 cm. At the bottom of the recess there should be a drainage layer, 8-10 cm thick.
The layer of fertile turf, which was removed from the ground, must be mixed with:
- humus and compost (20-30 liters),
- wood ash (0.5 l),
- superphosphate (120-150 g),
- potassium sulfate (70-90 g).
All pour back into the pit. After that, the recess is covered with a waterproof material so that the rain does not wash away the ground and leave before planting.
- Before planting, carefully examine the roots of the seedling and cut off the rotted or dried parts. The roots are shortened to a length of 20-35 cm, after which they are soaked in water, preheated to a temperature of 27-30 degrees. As a means for disinfecting and preventing fungal diseases, it is necessary to add some potassium permanganate crystals to the water. To reduce the stress associated with transplanting and improve plant growth, you can use any biostimulator, for example:
- succinic acid
- aloe juice
- potassium potassium.
- It is recommended to smear the roots of the plant with a mixture of powdered clay and fresh cow dung, and then dry them in the sun. If the mixture is prepared correctly, then its consistency will resemble a thick cream.
- It is best to have a sapling on a hill from the ground, at the bottom of the planting pit. The roots should be flattened so that they “look” down, not up or sideways. After that, the deepening is covered with soil, observing the position of the plant's root neck - 2-3 cm above the ground.
- The soil in the circle wheel should be watered with a sufficient amount of water, consuming about 20 liters. After the liquid is absorbed, the area should be mulched with humus or peat crumb. The seedling usually takes root fairly quickly, but for the first 2-3 weeks it should be protected from direct sunlight, it is recommended to install a canopy of any covering material in white.
- As they grow, shoots should be shortened, leaving 3-4 growth buds. All leaves must be cut off.
Caring for lemongrass is to follow simple rules, while all the necessary procedures do not take much time from the gardener.
Lemongrass Chinese refers to moisture-loving plants. The volume of 60-70 liters of water is considered the norm for an adult liana, while it should be watered 2-3 times a week.
With proper preparation of the pit for planting, the nutrients that are contained in the soil will be enough for the growth and development of the plant and will be enough for the next 2 years. It is recommended to feed the lemongrass starting from the 3rd season of staying on the site.
As fertilizer is best to use organic. Lemongrass grows quickly enough, so it should be watered every 15-20 days with a solution consisting of:
- cow dung
- bird droppings
- nettle leaves,
To insist on this mixture should be for 3-4 days, previously diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10, and litter - 1:15. Also used complex fertilizers (40 g per 1 square meter), which contain in its composition potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen:
Every 2-3 years during the growing season, 25-30 liters of humus or rotted compost are introduced into the tree circle. After the mature fruits are collected, the plant needs to get enough potassium and phosphorus. For this:
- 40-50 grams of superphosphate and potassium sulfate,
- must be diluted in 10 liters of water,
- or distribute dry on pristvolnom circle while loosening the soil.
You can also use natural top dressing, for this purpose suitable ash wood, taken in the amount of 0.5-0.7 l.
Shelter for the winter
Covering lemongrass for the winter in regions with a warm climate is not necessary. In regions with severe and prolonged frosts, it is worth to be safe.
First of all, the shoots are uncoupled from the tapestry and laid out on a plot covered with a layer of mulch 10 cm thick. From above the plant should be covered with straw, spruce or pine spruce leaves, fallen leaves, burlap or covering material that allows air well. Before this, it is necessary to irrigate, spending 80 l of water for each plant.
In the suburban areas, amateur gardeners propagate the plant most often in a vegetative way. Lianas can also be grown from seeds, but the preservation of varietal traits is not guaranteed. This process is time consuming and will take a significant amount of time.
Watch the video! Reproduction of Chinese magnolia vine
For reproduction in a vegetative way, you can use:
- basal growth,
- Lemongrass has a very thick basal growth, from which it is just possible to separate part for planting in another place. It is necessary to carefully dig out the soil in order to separate the “offspring” from the plant, it is recommended to plant it immediately in the right place. It is necessary to carry out this operation in areas with a warm climate in early spring or after fruiting. In regions with a predominantly low air temperature, the most suitable time is the beginning of March.
- You can also use root cuttings. The root must be cut into small pieces with a length of 7-10 cm. It should be borne in mind that each seedling should have 2-3 points of growth. Cuttings before held landing, you need to hold wrapped in a cloth moistened with a biostimulator for 2-3 days, after which the seedlings can be planted in open ground or greenhouse, horizontally, observing the gap between cuttings 10-12 cm. Planting material should not be dug into the ground. After planting, sprinkle the area with a layer of humus or rotted compost with a thickness of 2-3 cm. Basic care of the cuttings is timely watering. Seedlings, which give shoots, must be transferred in the spring to a permanent place.
- Reproduction by layering is carried out only with the use of green shoots aged 2-3 years. This procedure is best done in the fall. The non-ligneous shoot is bent to the surface of the earth and fixed at a distance of 20-30 cm from the top, after which this place is covered with humus or a layer of fertile soil, and watered abundantly. A scion appears in early spring. By the fall, the sprout will be strong enough to separate it from the parent bush and transplant to the right place. You can bend down and sprinkle the entire shoot with earth, so you can get about 5-7 new seedlings that will yield growth and development process, obtained by another method.
The easiest option is sowing seeds of lemongrass to the prepared beds before winter, immediately after they are harvested.
Tip! Sowing can also be carried out in the spring, but in this case, the sowing material is stratified: they are kept for a couple of months on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
- Sowing is made to a depth of 5 mm, in a container with a prepared mixture of sand and humus, which are taken in equal parts.
- After which the crop is covered with paper and watered every day.
- After 1-2 weeks, the first shoots appear with large cotyledons, similar to cucumber shoots.
- Picks of plants should be carried out in larger boxes according to the scheme 5 × 5 cm after the appearance of 3-4 true sheets.
- In the first half of June, after the temperature is finally established, the seedlings, which have been quenched beforehand, can be transplanted into open ground.
Typical diseases and pests
By nature, Chinese lemongrass has good immunity. The plant can become a victim of the following viruses and diseases:
- Fusarium This fungal disease most often affects young plants. Liana stops growing, shoots darken and become thin, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. Lemongrass roots become slimy and get a black tint. As a preventive measure against this disease, seeds are planted before planting in a solution of “Trichodermin” for 15–20 minutes. After that, this solution pours the soil on the site. The diseased plant should be immediately removed from the bed and destroyed. The soil on which the lemongrass was grown must be disinfected with potassium permanganate solution.
- Mealy dew. This disease can be recognized by a characteristic whitish bloom, which covers the leaves, stems and buds of an infected plant. The raid is like spilled flour, but over time it becomes denser and turns brown. Shoots that hit the disease, dry out and die. As preventive measures, the liana and the ground are dusted with a mixture of:
- crushed chalk
- sifted wood ash,
- colloidal sulfur.
- In the early stages of the disease, soda ash is used, taken in a proportion of 10-15 grams per 10 liters of water.
- In the most difficult cases, fungicides are used: Topaz, Scor, Kuprozan, HOM.
- Leaf spot. Also, the disease has the names: ascochitis, ramulariasis. Manifested in the form of patches of brown-beige color with a black-brown border of uneven shape, which appear on the leaves and stems. Gradually, plant tissues from the inside out are covered with black dots, after which they dry out and a hole forms at the spot. For the prevention of this disease, seeds are planted in potassium permanganate solution before planting. If disturbing symptoms are found, the affected leaves must be removed and burned. Spraying should also be carried out 2-3 times with an interval of 7-12 days with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate. The use of fungicides of biological origin is recommended.
Lemongrass Chinese is not only a decoration of the garden, but also brings very useful fruits that have healing properties. In order for the plant every year to bring a rich harvest of berries, rich in vitamins and microelements, it is not necessary to make a lot of effort. The plant has no special requirements for agrotechnology, Schizandra successfully adapts and bears fruit under various climatic and weather conditions.
Watch the video! How to grow lemongrass
How to plant Chinese lemongrass.
Lemongrass prefers a light, but humus-rich, moist and drained soil. The plant is shade tolerant, but will develop better in a well-lit place.
Two-three-year-old seedlings are used as planting material, with a root system well developed at a height of shoots of only 10-15 cm. Before planting, tall shoots of a seedling are shortened to 3 buds, and roots are pruned to 20-25 cm.
A landing pit for Schizandra Chinese digging is 60–70 cm in diameter and at least 40 cm deep. A drainage layer of expanded clay, broken brick or crushed stone 10 cm thick is laid on the bottom, and a soil mixture of equal parts of humus, sheet compost and sod is prepared to fill the pit. land, adding to it 200 g of superphosphate, a pound of wood ash and carefully mixed. Before planting, a soil mixture is poured onto the drainage layer.
Dip the roots of the seedling in the clay talker, on the bucket of which you should add 1 l of mullein, and place the plant on the knoll so that its root neck is at the surface level after planting. Straighten the roots of lemongrass and fill the pit with prepared fertile soil. Then tamp the soil in a circle and pour water abundantly, and when the water is absorbed, fill the root hole with humus or peat. Chinese Schizandra seedlings take root very quickly, but it is advisable to first protect them from the bright sun, ensure regular watering and evening spraying in dry weather.
Growing Chinese Schisandra.
Planting Chinese lemongrass and caring for them are not laborious and will not take much of your time. The main care activities are watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds, feeding, spraying in a prolonged dry heat and pruning.
During the growing season, lemongrass is watered frequently and plentifully: 6-7 buckets of water are poured under the plant at a time. On the next day after moistening or raining, loosen the soil around the vine and remove the weeds. Do not neglect the evening sprinkling of Chinese lemongrass in the heat.Especially in this procedure need young vines. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil, it is better to always keep the stem around the mulch of organic material.
Chinese lemongrass is fed from the third year of life: during spring and summer, a solution of organic fertilizers - cow (1:10) or chicken (1:20) manure is applied to the soil once every two or three weeks. A good result is the mulching of the stem of the circle of schisandra Chinese humus or sheet compost. After the leaf fall, 100 g of wood ash and 20 g of superphosphate are introduced under each bush, followed by embedding to a depth of about 10 cm, followed by obligatory watering of the soil in the near-stem circle.
During the flowering period, fruit-bearing lianas are fed with Nitrophoska at the rate of 50 g per m% u0B2, and after flowering the plant is poured over the bucket of a solution of fermented mullein or bird droppings. In the fall, 60 g of superphosphate and 30-40 g of potassium sulphate are poured under the bushes, and once every 2-3 years under each plant to a depth of 6-8 cm, compost is embedded at the rate of 4-5 kg per m% u0B2.
Chinese lemongrass, because it is a vine, is grown on the trellis, which is set in the year of planting. This arrangement of branches and shoots allows the sun to better illuminate the plant, and this contributes to the formation of larger fruits and an increase in yield. If you grow lemongrass without support, it is unlikely to bear fruit. A pallet is made of pillars of such a height that, after digging to a depth of 60 cm, they rise 2-2.5 m above the ground. at a height of 50 cm from the ground, and the next every 70-100 cm. In the first year, the grown shoots are tied up to the lower guide, and the next year - to those that are higher. Shoots are fixed on a support fan. For the winter, Chinese lemongrass with a trellis is not removed.
If you plant a vine near the house, then you can use the ladder installed at an angle.
Pruning lemongrass begin in the third year after planting, when the development of its root system is replaced by enhanced growth of shoots. From the correct pruning depends not only the decorativeness of Chinese magnolia vine, but also the quality of its fruiting. During the first formative pruning, from 3 to 6 strongest and correctly located shoots are left on the bush - the future skeleton of the plant, and the rest of the shoots are cut at ground level. In the future, pruned lemongrass pruning is carried out twice a year: in autumn and summer. In the autumn, after all the leaves fall off the plant, cut out the weak, diseased, abnormally growing and dried shoots formed during the summer. Should be removed and the part of the vine, which actively fruited the last three years. This is done so that young shoots of vines can grow and produce crops.
In summer, lemongrass is cut only if the plant has formed too many young shoots. Professionals are advised to cut branches 10-12 buds from the edge. In addition, it is necessary to struggle annually with root shoots, and also regularly replace old skeletal branches with new strong shoots from basal shoots.
Pests and diseases of Schisandra Chinese.
Lemongrass has good immunity and, subject to agricultural practices and good care, is rarely affected by diseases. It is resistant to pests. However, if you got infected planting material, you need to be prepared to withstand disease. Most often, lemongrass is affected by spots, powdery mildew and fusarium wilt.
From the stains, Schizandra Chinese amazes ramulariasis and ascochitis. Brown blurred spots and hem on the leaves are the main signs of these diseases. Black spots, pycnidia of the fungus, may appear on the underside of the leaf plate.Diseased leaves must be removed and burned, and the vine treated with one percent bordeaux liquid or another copper-based fungicide.
Mealy dew covers leaves and stalks of a plant with a sloppy whitish bloom. As a result of the development of the disease, the leaves of lemongrass fall prematurely. Powdery mildew also affects shoots, buds and roots of Chinese magnolia. When symptoms are detected, all affected leaves should be removed, and the plant treated with sulfur powder and soda ash solution until the vine is well. Intervals between treatments - 7-10 days.
Fusarium can affect lemongrass at any age, but more often this trouble happens with young plants. The cause of the disease is, as a rule, infection of planting material. Manifestation of rotting areas on the root collar and roots of the plant shows up. Lemongrass stems darken, thin, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, and the vine is killed by a blockage of blood vessels. It is impossible to cure Chinese lemongrass from Fusarium, but it is quite possible to prevent the development of the disease if the seeds and seedlings are sown with a fungicide solution before sowing and planting, and the soil with Trichodermine. If the plant is still sick, it will have to be removed and burned, and healthy bushes, until they are infected, are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Lemongrass Chinese in the Moscow region.
Chinese lemongrass in the Moscow region is no longer a rarity, as is Chinese Chinese lemongrass in the Urals, because the plant tolerates even harsh winters to -35 , and the decorative and healing qualities of this culture, as well as unpretentious care, make the Far Eastern vine more and more popular among gardeners. lovers. In the middle zone, the Chinese lemongrass does not need to be laid on the ground for the winter, nor sheltered; only young plants need protection from the cold, and then only in the first winter. But in the conditions of the Siberian frosts, the lashes are carefully removed from the tapestry, placed on spruce branches or straw, and plentifully sprinkled with leaves, straw or covered with spruce leaves.
Varieties of Chinese magnolia vine
Unfortunately, the varieties of Chinese lemongrass is not so much. Currently, the most famous of them are:
– Garden-1 - self-pollinating highly productive winter-hardy variety, whose branches reach a length of 10 m. The Chinese magnolia vine fruits of this variety consist of spherical juicy and sour berries of red color with a lemon smell, gathered in racemes with a length of up to 10 cm - Mountain - winter-hardy and productive variety of medium ripening, relatively resistant to diseases and pests. Stems up to 9 cm long and weighing up to 13 g consist of 15-17 dark red berries of a bitter-sour taste. Volgar - winter-hardy, drought-resistant, almost not affected by diseases and pests of schizandra of late maturity and universal use. It is a monoecious liana with fruits weighing up to 7.3 g, consisting of 14-15 round red fruit of a sour taste with a resinous aroma - Firstborn - a variety of ripening Russian breeding with carmine-red fruits with juicy bright red flesh, a specific sour taste and lemon aroma that is frost-resistant and resistant to diseases and pests; Myth - A hybrid variety of unknown origin with medium-sized fruit trees, consisting of 15 red fruit with a pleasant sour taste.
Medicinal properties of Chinese Schizandra.
For medicinal purposes, they mostly use the fruits and seeds of the plant. Fruits of Schisandra Chinese contain resinous substances, schizandrin, potassium, organic acids (malic, citric and tartaric), vitamins, mineral salts, trace elements copper, iodine, selenium, manganese, iron, zinc, essential oil.
They knew about the beneficial properties of this species in ancient China and actively used the plant in pharmacology. Today, Chinese lemongrass is grown on an industrial scale.The berries of the plant have the ability to tone and stimulate the nervous system, so the Nanai hunters take a handful of dried fruit with them when they go on their way. And not so long ago, trials involving military personnel and athletes showed that lemongrass has the ability to relieve fatigue during strong physical exertion: only 2-5 berries of Chinese Schizandra have a stronger effect than phenamine or cola, but, unlike these stimulants, they do not give negative side effects. The berries of Chinese Schizandra and those engaged in intense mental work are shown, and it is very important that their tonic effect does not deplete the nerve cells.
Lemongrass preparations increase the body's resistance to diseases and adverse environmental influences, stimulate the respiratory system and the work of the heart muscle. Often they are prescribed in the complex treatment of diseases, which resulted in asthenic and depressive state. It is indicative of the fact that as a result of taking the preparations of Schizandra Chinese, there were never any signs of overstimulation.
Fresh lemongrass juice can inhibit the development of many pathogens. Proved high efficiency of treatment of chronic gastritis with plant seeds: even a single dose of powder from the seeds of Schisandra Chinese led to the normalization of the acidity of the gastric juice in patients suffering from either too high or low levels.
Summing up, we can say that Chinese schizandra gives a positive effect:
- with a general breakdown - with a high mental or physical load - with low blood pressure - with bronchitis, asthma and tuberculosis - with anemia - with sexual weakness - with diseases of the stomach, kidneys and liver.
Chinese lemongrass - contraindications.
Chinese lemongrass, like other medicinal plants, has its own contraindications. You can not eat its berries, drink its juice and take the preparations of the plant in the following conditions and pathologies:
- vegetative-vascular dystonia - allergy - epilepsy - pregnancy - increased excitability - arterial hypertension - insomnia - arachnoiditis - increased intracranial pressure - acute infectious disease.
Lemongrass Chinese: effective tips on planting and care
The shrubs of Chinese Schizandra are famous not only for their beneficial properties, but also for their decorative beauty. In the spring, the culture will decorate the garden with snow-white blooms, and in summer the branches of the plant will adorn the tassels of the fruit. To grow a Chinese lemongrass on your site, you need to know the characteristics of this culture. Proper planting and maintenance, which will be carried out in accordance with its specificity, will help to achieve the desired results.
Why grow lemongrass?
Due to the high content of schizadrin, malic and ascorbic acids in the Chinese schizandra, as well as essential oils and many other useful elements, not only the fruits and leaves of schisandra are valued, but the bark and seeds.
Homeland of this culture is the Far East. But over the years the plant has spread to many countries. And now there is a rather large variety of cultivated forms and varieties of lemongrass. Wide scope of this miracle plant. Chinese lemongrass is used in the preparation of teas and beverages. It is also used in the food industry, as an additive to sweets. In growing it, the main thing is the proper fit, as well as complete care.
How to choose planting material
The most suitable for planting are seedlings with an age of 2-3 years (see photo). Despite the fact that their creepers may have a small length, the root system will already be well developed. Lemongrass roots should not be dry. It is advisable that they be recently dug out and with a clod of earth.
Seeds, however, as a planting material, are more often used for planting and growing crops in nurseries.But it is also possible to grow a plant from seeds in your own plot. However, the care they need is more scrupulous. Some of the secrets of growing video will tell.
How to plant a plant on the site
If you plan to plant Chinese Schizandra on the site, be sure to select the site correctly. Picking up the right place with a suitable soil composition, the cultivation of lemongrass will deliver the most successful results.
When choosing a suitable place, remember that Chinese lemongrass likes warm sunny areas and does not tolerate drafts and cold winds.
Ideally, if you have a place to land on the west or east side relative to the outbuildings.
Keep in mind that in the rain water from the roof should not water the plant. Therefore, it is recommended to plant lemongrass from the walls, departing about 1.5-2 m.
What soil is good for the plant?
First of all, the Chinese Schizandra must be created as close as possible to the natural conditions. Preference is given to flat areas with fertile soil. Planting lemongrass on loose soils with a light (or medium) composition and good drainage will bring excellent results. Your Chinese lemongrass will fully develop in such areas, if care is appropriate.
The soil should be moderately and evenly hydrated. Tilled crops and vegetables are considered to be favorable predecessors for Schizandra Chinese.
When and how to plant
The best time to plant a vine plant is October: for the southern regions and April and early May for the rest of the regions.
To begin with, on the planned section of days for 15-20 a hole is dug out, the depth of which should be about 40 cm (not more), and the diameter should be from 40 cm to 60 cm. consisting of:
1 piece of turf land
1 h. Humus
1 h compost.
When planting you should not deepen the root neck of the vine. It is better to place it on the same level with the surface of the earth. Plants should be located at a distance of about 1-1.5 m from each other. If the landing will be carried out in rows, the aisle is recommended to do 2.5-3 m.
Seeds of Chinese magnolia can be harvested independently of ripe fruits - berries. The photo shows how the seedlings look. Before sowing, they need to be trained in the form of soaking in water. To do this, use water at room temperature, and the seeds stand in it for about 7-10 days. Selection of substandard seedlings can be carried out after two days - they will emerge and will be on the surface of the water.
The next stage of preplant preparation is stratification. It will be necessary for this procedure to be pre-decontaminated sand, into which the seeds are mixed at the rate of: 3 volumes of sand per volume of seedlings. The mixture is poured into special wooden containers, which are placed in a room where the temperature regime is constantly kept from 18 to 20 degrees. Care for sandy seeds consists in regular hydration - 1 p. in 2 days. This stage of preparation should take at least 1 month.
The next step is snow stratification. Culture seeds in the sand are covered with a layer of snow and kept in this state for about a month.
If there is no possibility to get snow, then it is possible to put containers for a longer period (from 2 to 2.5 months) into the basement.
Seeds are planted in the garden by hand. To this end, grooves of about 1.5 cm in depth are formed in the ground. Sprinkle with green earth and slightly moisten the seedlings from above. Then the beds are mulched using peat. If the planting was carried out in this way, the Chinese lemongrass is grown before transplanting to a permanent place for 1.5-2 years.
How to care
Lemongrass Chinese, in general, is not capricious and whimsical. The main care for him consists of:
irrigation, which during the growing season are more frequent.As a rule, one plant needs about 6-7 buckets of water.
additional sprays in dry and dry weather
mulching - to retain moisture in the soil
pruning, which is recommended to be carried out every year in the first half of March in order to increase the yield of the plant every year.
Obligatory point which also includes leaving is top dressing. The first fertilizer saltpeter should be introduced from the third year of "life" of vines.
During the periods of summer seasons, solutions of organic fertilizers should be applied, approximately 1 p. in 2.5-3 weeks. Chinese lemongrass for the first time can bloom and bear fruit when it is about 5-6 years old. Feed during this period for the plant is very important. The best are: nitrophoska, potassium sulfate and organic.
In principle, neither planting nor caring for Chinese Schizandra is not too difficult. And, knowing how useful its fruits are, you should definitely try to grow it yourself.