Crop production

The most popular types and varieties of juniper (names, photos, descriptions)

Evergreen junipers, which in nature have settled from the polar regions to subtropics, are recognized not only by their oldest plants, but also by the most valuable crops for gardening. After examining the common junipers, types and varieties with photos, descriptions and features, you can transform and suburban area, and extensive landscape areas.

All existing varieties of these plants have:

  • creeping, shrub or tree form,
  • scale or needle leaves,
  • fruits in the form of small dense cones with closed scales.

Due to the highest degree of adaptability junipers were able to survive the climatic cataclysms of the past and settle in various natural zones.

This property, as well as exotic beauty, attracted attention to plants that have become indispensable for the design of rocky areas, rock gardens, curbs.

Common juniper (J. communis)

One of the most common types of juniper is found in Europe, North Africa, Asia and even the lands of the North American continent.

The juniper common in the photo has the shape of a bush or a small tree.

In favorable conditions, a plant with a dense, consisting of branches covered with needle-like leaves up to 15 mm long reaches a height of 3–8 meters.

Sometimes junipers, dividing into female and male specimens, grow to 12 meters.

The common juniper, as well as all its relatives, is a long-lived and slowly growing culture. Frequent specimens that live to be ages 100 and older. Moreover, the beauty of the plant is better revealed at high humidity of the soil and air.

Reminding a pyramid or a cone of krone, thanks to the rigid, barbed needles, throughout the year, it maintains its decorative effect, tolerates a haircut without any problems, which is important when growing juniper as a decorative culture. And the leaves themselves live about 4 years and gradually change.

Sizo-blue buds of plants ripen only in the second year.

On the site ordinary juniper, in the photo, is unpretentious in nature, high frost resistance and undemanding to food.

The popularity of this plant adds the presence of many varieties with the traditional green, gray-silver or golden foliage, with a crown pyramidal, conical or squat flattened shape.

Photos of juniper varieties of this species are amazing variety, and their agricultural technology is available even for beginners.

Depression Juniper is a cultivated variety found in Canada.

According to various sources, this species is considered independent, Canadian, or is recognized as a subspecies of common juniper.

It differs from the usual form of a wide, drooping or open crown and a height not exceeding one and a half meters.

Needle leaves of the plant have a brownish color, which by winter becomes almost bronze, increasing the decorativeness of the evergreen plant.

Juniper Depressa Aurea is similar in appearance to the variety described above, but its foliage is more attractive. The young shoots of the plant have a bright, light green, almost yellow or golden color, which gave the name to the juniper variety of the species Juniperus communis depicted in the photo.

Siberian Juniper (J. sibirica)

This species of juniper was named in honor of Siberia, where plants with small needles and squat crown can be found in mountainous areas.

In addition to the Siberian region, the culture is spread in the northern regions of Europe, in the Far East, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus and in Central Asia.

Everywhere Siberian juniper plants prefer to settle on dry rocky areas

The characteristic features of the Siberian juniper include: short stature, slow pace of development and decorative, thanks to light stripes, needle foliage, which has been living for about 2 years. Rounded gray-gray berries ripen in the second year after formation.

In the wild, due to its slow growth and small size, Siberian juniper needs protection. In the garden, the plant is more comfortable even with minimal care. Undemanding view:

  • experiencing dry periods without loss,
  • satisfied with poorly nourished soils
  • not afraid of frost
  • is taking root in areas where there is a risk of increased gas pollution and air pollution,
  • loves light and does not need shading.

Over time, creeping juniper shoots can take root, thanks to which the crown grows and creates live curbs. The Siberian variety is ideal for the design of slides.

Adding an article to a new collection

Vitality, a variety of shapes and colors, a long period of decoration - for this juniper is often and successfully used in landscape design. This beautiful and unpretentious plant is not in vain loved by gardeners and is suitable even for areas with unstable climate.

There are hundreds of varieties and varieties of this winter-hardy coniferous bush. Many of them are light-requiring, the majority is drought-resistant and undemanding to soil conditions.

What kind of decorative juniper to choose for the dacha? Let's figure it out together.

Juniper Cossack (J. sabina)

Another common type of juniper is interesting to the gardener because in addition to stamina, it has two kinds of needles.

The first, needle-shaped foliage up to 6 mm in length can be seen on young shoots, as well as on branches that are in the shade.

The second, scaly type of foliage is the needles on adult branches.

On average, foliage with a rich resinous aroma characteristic of juniper lives for three years. round or oval dense berries ripen in the second year.

Compared to common juniper, the Cossack juniper depicted in the photo is not so high and noticeable.

The height of the creeping shrub with a thick squat crown is about one and a half meters.

But this did not prevent to evaluate the juniper and from the end of the XVI century to use it for decorating parks and regular gardens.

Due to the breeding of varieties with dark green, gray and light needles, the undemanding, hardy and drought tolerant plant will be indispensable on the hills. It is used to fix the slopes and create living, well-shaped curbs.

Juniperus (Juniperus communis)

This species of juniper in nature has the most extensive range among members of the genus. It will take root easily in almost any area (although it prefers sand and limestone), it is resistant to both heat and cold, it tolerates both shadow and bright sun, it looks great in group plantings, and solo.

Its numerous, often completely dissimilar species differ in different colors, as well as the shape and height of the crown. There are pyramidal, drooping, shirokoraskidististye and creeping forms of juniper - will choose from what. Of the original varieties of juniper, the following can be advised:

Juniper Virginia (Juniperus virginiana)

Varieties of this juniper can also be both vertical trees of various heights, and horizontal shrubs of any shape with numerous shades of needles. Most of them are not afraid of frost; it tolerates drought and shade well and is of low consumption to the composition of the soil.

A separate plus of the juniper virginsky is a well-developed root system with numerous side branches - it literally “clings” to any soil. Also, most varieties have dark blue cones, which are kept on the branches for a very long time, giving them a special decorative effect.

There are about 70 subspecies and varieties of virgin juniper.We advise you to pay attention to the following:

Most popular varieties

One of the advantages of trees and shrubs of the Cypress family is the variety of forms. The crown can be pyramidal, spherical, cone-shaped, which allows to successfully implement landscape projects of any level of complexity. Combining junipers with other plants, you get a unique opportunity to decorate the garden in a classic, modernist, ethnic or avant-garde style. The main thing is to know which juniper will work in one way or another.

When choosing a variety, several factors should be considered. You should be aware of how large your chosen instance will grow, what color and shape the crown will have, how well it tolerates low temperature and how to properly care for it. And now let's get acquainted with the most popular species and varieties.

Juniper horizontal

Combines a large group of short-growing plants that have received initial distribution in the United States and Canada. Creeping junipers of this species are called flat due to branches pressed against the ground. The outstretched crown reaches a diameter of 2 meters, the maximum height is 0.5 meters. Grow slowly. Annual growth does not exceed 10 cm.

Cones and berries - dark blue, sometimes - almost black. Form - rounded, length - up to 6 mm. Especially it is necessary to say about needles. It can be from deep green to bright yellow. With the onset of winter prickly needles become brown. Do not be afraid - this is normal. Horizontal juniper varieties are undemanding to environmental conditions, but grow best in areas with high humidity.

  • Andorra Variegata. Dwarf variety of horizontal juniper with pillow crown. Asymmetric "hairstyle" attracts unusual colors. Bright green needles with a bluish tint decorated with cream specks. With a favorable set of circumstances, this makes Variegata perhaps the most visible element of your garden.

  • Blue chip. Slow-growing variety with dense and prickly crown. Appreciated for high smoke and gas resistance. Quickly adapts to urban conditions. Will delight the eye with a new "clothes" from season to season. So, in spring, needles are painted in light blue, in summer - in dark blue, in autumn - in lilac, in winter - in lilac.

  • Ice blue. One of the most popular dwarf varieties. The compact size and rich color of the needles allow you to create amazing beauty and contrast landscape compositions. In the summer, the needles are pleasing in rich blue, in the fall - in purple. Juniper protects the soil from erosion and is a friendly neighbor to other plantations, because will never compete for sunlight.

  • Blue forest. Such an interesting name is given to the juniper due to the small silvery needles. Short needles are directed strictly upwards, which creates the illusion of a fabulous blue forest. The maximum beauty of the variety reaches in mid-summer. Prefers sunny areas.

  • Limeglow. This juniper will cope with the role of a spectacular color accent as “excellent.” It is difficult not to pay attention to bright golden needles. In winter, the needles become brown-yellow, but this does not spoil the overall impression - the pillow crown remains just as beautiful.

These creeping junipers are good for planting in rock gardens, for decorating borders and slopes. Looks good both individually and as part of landscape compositions.

Juniper Chinese

This type of juniper is represented by trees reaching a height of 10-15 meters. The shape of the crown is narrow conical, pyramidal or columnar. Barely ripe spherical or elongated cones covered with gray bloom, later they turn brown or black. The plants that came to us from Japan, China and North Korea are drought-resistant and frost-resistant, undemanding to the soil and perfectly adapted to urban conditions.

  • Kuriwao gold. One of the most beautiful varieties with asymmetric openwork crown golden-green hue. In height can reach 2 meters, but the bush does not look bulky. On the contrary, a thin shoot pattern gives the plant a fragile and graceful appearance. It is better to plant it in the sun - in the shade this handsome man loses the brightness of colors and the pomp of needles.

  • Plumoza aurea. Dwarf variety, which is valued for its high decoration. In spring and summer, the needles have a golden color, in autumn and winter - brown. Recommended for decorating small gardens, rock gardens and rockeries. The peculiarity lies in the fact that shoots depart from the trunk strictly upwards, and at the tips they “look” downwards.

  • Monarch. Appreciated for the wonderful smell of pine needles. Prickly needles exude a pleasant aroma that fills the space with pacification. The resins that make up the plant soothe the nervous system, reduce headaches and destroy germs. The crown is very prickly, bluish-green or gray.

  • Blue alps. This powerful tree grows up to 4 meters. It features massive branches, hard needles and a compact crown. The color of the needles is pleasant, silver-blue. This variety is often used to create a spectacular hedge, which eventually turns into a thick and reliable "fence".

Chinese juniper is suitable for setting up Japanese-style stony gardens, lawns, alpine slides and slopes.

Juniper average

It is a large plant, reaching 3 meters in height. Hybrid. Received in Germany in 1890. Since then, the success story of another species begins with a sprawling "hair". There are about 40 varieties of juniper medium and each of them is unique in its own way.

  • Gold coast. A small shrub, featuring a horizontal arrangement of branches. In the warm season, the needles are pleasing to the eye with bright sunny colors, with the arrival of cold weather the needles darken, but this does not affect the beauty - the juniper still catches the eye.

  • Mint julep. Luxurious juniper with curved shoots. Growing fast. The beauty of scaly green needles is emphasized by grayish round cones and berries. This variety feels great on both moist nutrient and poor dry soils.

  • Old gold. Adult plant reaches a height of 2 meters. Under favorable conditions, the annual growth is 10-15 cm. Scale-like needles attract with yellow-bronze color. In the shade it fades, so put it exclusively on the areas filled with sunlight.

Juniper middle is easy to clean. Maintain the pristine beauty is not difficult. If you want to always have a well-kept garden, but the time is sorely lacking, then be sure to plant one or several varieties of this species.

Where and how to plant junipers

So, you decided to plant a juniper on your plot, but you do not know where to start. And you should start with the purchase of quality seedlings. Acquire plants with a closed root - in a container or with a clod of earth. Carefully inspect the bush. Fresh branches should not break easily, there should be no “wounds” on the trunk, the color of the needles should be the same, without suspicious patches and whitish spots.

The best time to plant is spring. Junipers are light-requiring, choose a well-lit area with a light, nutritious and moderately moist ground. If the soil is not fertile enough, then add a little peat, sand and coniferous soil. Experts advise to prepare a mixture for disembarkation. Ingredients: turf, humus, peat and sand. Sand - 1 part, the other components - 2 parts. Add nitrofosku or Kemira station wagon. 300 gr. and 150 gr. respectively.

The depth of the hole depends on the size of the root. So, for large varieties there will be enough pits 50x70 cm in size. Plant very carefully, because root system of young seedlings is fragile. The optimal distance between plants is from 1 to 4 meters. After planting, the bushes are watered and covered from direct sunlight.

How to care

Leaving means watering, top dressing and protection against winter frosts. Feed the plants in spring with special fertilizers for conifers (30 grams per square meter). It is impossible to bring cow dung into the ground - it burns the roots of plants and it dies.

Do not loosen the soil around junipers. This prevents the surface root system from being able to get maximum nutrients, which leads to drying out. Mulch pristvolny circles with chips, pine bark, coniferous soil or small gravel.

Junipers do not require frequent watering. One or two times a month is enough. If the summer is too hot, then once in 7 days spray the crown with water from a spray bottle. Sanitary pruning is done when necessary in the fall or spring.

In order for the branches not to break under the weight of snow, with the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to tie them with a string from the bottom to the top. If you planted juniper in the fall, then cover it with winter branches for the winter. Pristvolnye circles of thermophilic varieties are recommended to be mulched with a layer of peat (12 cm thick).

Take care that the young landing does not burn the spring sun. Cover them with a mesh or spunbond. It will protect from yellowing of needles and preserve the high decorative effect.

We protect juniper from diseases and pests

Noticed that juniper twisted and he stopped growing? Perhaps the reason for the appearance of aphids. Spray the shrubs with Spark (1 tablet per 10 liters of water). If nests of the escape moth are found, then remove them, and process the branches with Carbofos (70 grams per 10 liters of water).

If the shoots become brittle with voids inside, the sawfly is at fault. Get rid of it fufanon (15 ml per 10 liters of water). Do not plant a Cossack juniper next to fruit trees. He can "pick up" a fungal infection. If this has already happened, cut off the diseased branches and transplant the plant. Bordeaux liquid will save from rust, which is diluted at a ratio of 100 grams per 10 liters of water.

Junipers in landscape design

Despite the fact that junipers can be planted alone, most often they are located in the plant groups. So they look much more spectacular. Creeping junipers are better planted in the foreground, sprawling - in the middle and rear.

Mixborders look original, including (in addition to juniper) perennial grasses, flowers, and deciduous shrubs. When making complex compositions, try to keep the intervals between plants - conifers are not too close neighborhood supporters. From this, their branches can become bare.

Want to plant a juniper in the form of a hedge? Plant shrubs at a distance of 1 meter from each other. Creeping junipers are suitable for decoration of rock gardens, rockeries, shores of ponds, slopes. Can be a good background for geraniums, roses or lilies.

Common juniper: photos and varieties

A tree or shrub up to 12 meters high can have a variety of shapes. Differs reddish-brown shoots and flaky bark. Brilliant, prickly and narrow lanceolate needles have a length of 14-16 mm. Blue-black bumps with a bluish bloom in diameter reach 5-9 mm. Ripen in the second or third year.

Resistant to frost and urban air pollution juniper ordinary can grow on poor loamy sand. Shrub has about one hundred varieties, which differ in their height, color of needles, shape and diameter of the crown. The following varieties are most popular:

  1. Suecica variety - dense shrub of columnar shape, whose height reaches 4 m. Bluish-green or light-green needle-like needles grow on vertical shoots. It grows well in bright places. The crown of a shrub planted in the shade may become sprawling and loose. This juniper variety is frost hardy, unpretentious and tolerates pruning. Can be used to create garden compositions.
  2. Green Carpet Grade - Common juniper, growing only up to 0.5 m.In width, it grows up to 1.5 m, so it is widely used as a ground cover plant for planting on slopes and rocky gardens. Creeping shoots covered with soft light green needles.
  3. Sort Hibernika - narrow columnar tree with a height of up to 3.5 m. The needles are light green and non-prickly. This juniper variety grows on any soil. For the winter it is recommended to bind. Otherwise, the branches may break under the weight of the snow. Spring requires shelter from the spring sun.
  4. Gold Cone - it is a dense, narrow conic juniper ordinary, growing up to 4 m. The width of the crown of an adult plant reaches 1 meter. During the period of active growth shoots may change color several times. In spring, they are bright yellow, in autumn - yellow-green, and in winter they become bronze. The bush is frost-resistant, undemanding of soil fertility, but does not tolerate its over-wetting. It is recommended to grow in well-lit areas, because in the shade the needles can turn green.

Juniper rocky

Pyramidal tree from North America in height can reach up to 10 m. Due to its resistance to adverse factors, rocky junipers are very popular in areas with hot climates. With their help, they create high hedges and various coniferous compositions. The most unpretentious and known two varieties:

  1. Skyrocket variety is a column-like plant with a dense crown. The height reaches 6-8 m. The width of the crown of an adult tree is about 1 m. It grows well on light loamy soils without water stagnation. The variety is frost-resistant, wind-resistant, drought-resistant. Prefers well lit areas. It is recommended to bind the branches of the shrub for the winter.
  2. The variety Blue Arrow is a column-shaped tree 5 meters high and 0.7 meters wide. Rigid shoots are densely pressed against the shtambu, studded with nekolichy, scaly-shaped needles of rich blue color. The plant is frost-resistant and unpretentious. Loves drained soil and well-lit areas.

Middle junipers: varieties

Shrubs with a large variety of color and habit, characterized by good resistance to adverse growing conditions. Most popular varieties:

  1. The variety Pfitzeriana Aurea is a spreading shrub up to 1 m high. Horizontally standing dense branches form a crown 2 m wide. Golden-lemon young shoots are covered with yellowish-green needles. In summer, the color of the plant changes to yellow-green. It prefers sunny places, because in the shade it becomes just green. It grows slowly.
  2. The grade of Cold Star differs in soft, bright-golden scaly or needle-shaped needles. In height it will grow to 1 m, and in width - up to 2 m. It is frost-resistant, it is undemanding to soil. Grows badly in the shade.
  3. The variety Hetzii is a plant up to 1.5 m high. Its wide crown grows to 2 m. Throughout the year the shrub is covered with gray-blue needles.
  4. Grade Old Gold - is a compact shrub up to one and a half meters. For the year will grow by only five centimeters. In the summer, juniper needles are golden yellow, and in winter they turn brown-yellow. In the shadows it develops poorly.
  5. The Mint Julep variety is distinguished by arched-curved branches and scales of bright green color. The shrub grows rather quickly on all moderately nutrient-rich soils. By the fall on it are formed rounded gray-gray berries that look spectacular against the background of bright needles.
  6. The Gold Coast variety is a low shrub whose shoots are horizontal. In height reaches one meter, in width expands to two meters. It grows slowly. Prefers lit areas and virtually any soil. Golden yellow juniper needles become dark in winter.

Chinese junipers: photos and varieties

Slow-growing pyramid treesgrowing in China, Japan, Korea and Primorsky Krai. Their height can reach up to 20 m, so they often form bonsai. Love moist, quite fertile soil. Drought tolerant.

Some varieties of Chinese juniper are sprawling bushes and are suitable for decoration of small areas:

  1. Variegata variety differs blue-green pyramidal crown, which are scattered yellowish-white spots. It grows up to 2 meters in height and up to one meter in width. Prefers moist but well-drained soil. It is imperative to cover the shrub from the early spring sun.
  2. The Kuriwao Gold variety is a spreading shrub whose width and length is about two meters. The shape of its crown is rounded. The young needles are bright green and become dark green with age. In the shade it loses its saturation, therefore it is recommended to plant it on well-lit areas. Suitable for stony gardens. Looks good in mixed and coniferous groups.
  3. The variety Blue Alps is a shrub with a mud crown, the shoots of which hang down along the edges. In width and height it grows up to two meters. It can grow on any soil, but in well-lit areas.
  4. Blaauw is a shrub with ascending ascending shoots. In height and width it grows up to one and a half meters. For him, nutrient soils with a weak alkaline or neutral reaction are ideal. Can grow in light partial shade.

Junipers Cossack

Most often this winter hardy, creeping bushesthat grow in nature in many parts of Asia and in the forests of Europe. They are often used to strengthen the slopes, because they have low soil requirements, are light-requiring and drought-resistant. Their varieties differ in needle color, habit and size:

  1. The Tamariscifolia variety is a very original shrub with often growing spreading branches. It grows to a height of 0.5 m, and grows to a width of two meters in width. Needle-shaped short needles can be of different colors - from light green to bluish-green. Planted on a sunny plot of the plant gives a rich color of needles. In the shade the needles will become more pale. Juniper is undemanding to soil and moisture.
  2. Variety Glauca is a shrub, whose height is about one meter, and width - two meters. Differs cushion-shaped crown and gray-blue needles with a bronze shade. Brown-black juniper cones have a bluish bloom, and look very nice against the background of thick needles.
  3. Variety Arcadia - low plant with light green, soft needles. It reaches a height of only 0.5 m, but it expands to a width of up to 2.5 m. With age, it grows and covers large areas. Therefore, a young plant looks like a pillow, from which, after a few years, an exquisite carpet is obtained.

Juniper scaly

Drought-resistant and low-demanding to soil fertility plant, grows in nature in China and on the slopes of the Eastern Himalayas. Wide-spreading varieties with silver needles are used in landscape design:

  1. Meyeri is a moderately strong one meter shrub. Obliquely located shoots are distinguished by hanging ends and silvery-blue, short, needle-like dense needles. For a beautiful, delicate, dense form requires regular haircut.
  2. Blue Star is a slow-growing dwarf shrub. Growing in height to one meter, in width, it grows to one and a half meters. It is recommended for landings on slopes, stony hills, in curbs.
  3. Blue Carpet is a fast-growing shrub with silver-blue spiny needles. Dark blue cones are covered with a whitish wax coating. Juniper is widely used to strengthen the slopes and slopes.

Nothing cleans and refreshes the air in your garden just like junipers planted in it. They will give their forms and color to the garden comfort, beauty and originality. You can plant a huge tree, a tiny shrub, or make a composition of them. Any of the varieties and types of juniper easily fit into the landscape design of a small suburban area or a large garden.

Plant description

Juniper belongs to the evergreen plants of the cypress family.This conifer is represented both by large trees, growing up to 15 meters, and low trees, shrubs, growing in the lower tiers of deciduous and coniferous forests. The needles of the plant are acicular or scaly. There are fruits - small cones, with closed scales, elongated or spherical in shape. Large habitats are characteristic of juniper bushes, and forests formed by large trees do not occupy a large area and are distributed mainly in areas of Asia, the Mediterranean, and Central America.

Types of juniper

Due to the diversity of species, every gardener or landscape designer will find a suitable option for himself: for decorating rock gardens, alpine slides, decorating hedges or zoning a plot with low-growing varieties. It is worth considering in more detail the most common types of juniper, a description and photo of these plants.

Juniper (J. procumbens)

In Japan and other countries of the region there is a juniper lying with a creeping or drooping crown, covered with green or more often bluish-blue needles.

Plants with a height of 50 to 400 cm are adapted to the humid maritime climate, therefore, in the Russian central zone they may suffer in dry air, as well as frost in particularly severe winters.

At home, the juniper of this species is one of the favorite plants for creating spectacular bonsai.

Juniper solid (J. rigida)

Many Far Eastern junipers today are actively used in the design of garden and park plantings.

The juniper is solid - the native inhabitant of this fertile region chooses coastal sandy slopes and shores as habitats. On windy clones, the plants settle under the cover of larger trees.

Here junipers acquire a creeping shape and, at a height of up to 40 cm, form dense, almost impassable groups due to two-meter shoots.

In favorable conditions, juniper is hard reaches a height of 8 meters. The crown, covered with yellow-green barbed needles, is thick in male specimens; female plants are more transparent.

A very unpretentious juniper species is not often found in culture. At the same time the plant can be interesting for park gardening and creating authentic, eastern corners in small areas.

When growing solid juniper, it is necessary to take into account that on sour soils the plant feels depressed, loses its decorative effect and without that low growth rates.

Juniper Spread (J. horizontalis)

The name of this species speaks eloquently about the appearance and characteristic features of the plant. Sprouted juniper has a squat, even creeping crown height from 10 to 30 cm.

A plant native to Canada, where it prefers to settle on sandy slopes, on the shores of lakes or in mountainous areas, is also called juniper horizontal.

Although the type is frost-resistant, picky when choosing the soil and perfectly strengthens the slopes, when planting it must be taken into account that in conditions of drought juniper feels depressed, its needles lose brightness and tone.

In ornamental gardening, juniper horizontal is valued for needles with two light, almost white stripes. On the basis of the wild-growing form today created more than a hundred cultivated varieties, differing in coloring of foliage and crown shape.

Juniper Virginia (J. virginiana)

Red cedar or juniper virginsky - the indigenous inhabitants of the North American continent.

Unusual nickname plant owes record growth for junipers.

Adult specimens of this species are powerful trees up to 30 meters high with trunks whose diameter reaches one and a half meters.

The large tree form is not the only difference of the species. Juniper virginsky, in the photo, has a fairly rapid growth. This circumstance was immediately appreciated by the Americans, who began to grow a culture in the middle of the 17th century.

The plant has small needles of mixed type and the same small cones ripening in the same year after formation.

In Russia, this species is suitable for cultivation in the southern regions; at home, wood is used to make stationery pencils and to obtain essential oil.

For ornamental gardening, many compact varieties and interspecific hybrids with silvery, bluish and light needles are bred.

Daurian juniper (J. davurica)

The Far East of Russia, the northern regions of China and Mongolia are the birthplace of another decorative species of juniper, which is distinguished not only by the creeping form and slow growth rate, but also by long life.

Dahurian juniper plants can grow and develop for over a hundred years, and their shoots in diameter will not exceed five centimeters.

The species described at the end of the 18th century, thanks to its solid wood, its ability to settle on poor soils, including stony dumps, and its compact size, is called by native people heather stone.

The elevated part of the juniper does not exceed 50 cm in height, the trunk often hides in the ground, which helps the rooting of the shoots and makes the plant very valuable for strengthening the steep slopes, hills and embankments. Light green needles to winter acquires a brown-brown shade. The same color in ripe spherical cones. Daur juniper is decorative, unpretentious and extremely winter-hardy.

Juniper - species and varieties of tall and creeping shrubs

Juniper - a favorite plant of gardeners and landscape designers.

Its fragrant branches not only serve as a decoration for the garden, but combine many useful properties that are used to treat some ailments. The history of the plant is thousands of years.

Even in the famous Greek myth, narrating about the Argonauts, there is a mention of this plant. It was with his help that Medea euthanized the monstrous snake that protected the golden fleece.

Juniper in Russia

Since the time of Ancient Russia, antibacterial properties of branches were used. Milk was stored in the dishes steamed by the juniper decoction.

In such a bowl, it remained fresh for a long time and did not turn sour. And the inhabitants of Russia of the XVII century should have paid dues in the form of juniper berries.

The fruits of the shrub were brought to Moscow, where oil and alcohol products were produced from it.

Thuja and Juniper - the perfect tandem

The unusually noble and exquisite appearance of juniper allows you to make great compositions in flowerbeds, rockeries and mixborders.

Especially well combined juniper bushes with thuja, especially since they belong to the same family - Cypress.

Scientists-breeders brought a lot of varieties, using as a basis the types of thujas and junipers with different characteristics, but in any case remain a spectacular decoration of any garden.

Juniper distribution area

Juniper is an evergreen, coniferous plant of the cypress family. In the course of the story, it acquired many other names: veres, archa, berry grouse, majouha, and yalovec.

In translation, all names have a common root, which can be combined in one word - “to bind, to bind”. Distributed mainly plant in the Northern Hemisphere.

Many varieties of juniper grow only in a certain, narrowly limited area. But there is one species - Juńiperus commúnis (ordinary), which grows almost everywhere - from arctic to subtropical regions.

In many ways, the description of the species of juniper contains many similar characteristics, but each of them has its own characteristics, thanks to which they were separated into a separate group.

Description and features of culture

According to the type of growth, juniper species can be tall or creeping shrubs, as well as trees.

Trees in their natural habitat can be high-growing (up to 10-15 m) and low trees. The kidneys are not covered by the upper plates. The leaves on the young shoots are like pine needles, but not prickly.

In older specimens, foliage looks more like scales. On the shoots formed poisonous cones.

Various types and varieties of juniper

Today, various types and varieties of juniper are bred, which are often grouped by height and decoration.

Almost all tall forms of a plant form a crown in the form of a column or a pyramid.

An unusually majestic representative of the genus - the juniper is columnar, covered with green, soft needles with a bluish tint. It grows in the shape of a narrow cylinder to a height of 1-3 meters.

Another species, including tall varieties, is a pyramidal juniper, resembling a huge candle and stretching up to 2-3 m. For a year it adds 15 cm in height and reaches two meters by decade.

Colony and pyramidal tall plant species

Tall columnar shapes are represented by a variety of magnificent species. The most popular of them is the virgin juniper. Under natural conditions, it settles on the North American and Canadian expanses.

A rather large-sized plant, the height of the “green column” can reach up to 30 m. The diameter of the plant is 1.5 m.

Young trees form a pyramid shape, and in a more mature age the crown of the plant grows in breadth and forms a columnar silhouette.

The needles are small, pointed or in the form of scales, can be bright green, but there are varieties in which it seems to be covered with bluish wax. On the shoots formed cones of saturated, blue.

Common Juniper

A no less valuable species is Juniper. Its height is from 1 to 3 m. Its outlines also resemble a cone. Sometimes some branches deviate from the total mass of the crown to the side.

The needles are not long (1-1.5 cm), prickly, green, consisting of several faces. Such a tree juniper is used for landscaping parks, planting in one row, from it create hedges.

Like any kind of juniper, it cleans and disinfects the air remarkably, so there is no better option for parkland.

Another argument in favor of urban planting plants - he is not afraid of gas pollution and dustiness of the air of megacities.

Chinese juniper

High varieties come in another species - Chinese Juniper. The limiting growth of its tree species is 25 m. The crown is formed in the form of a cone or cylinder.

The branches are thin, covered with scaly and needle-like needles of rich, green color. Pineal berries of dark tones, as a rule, of a blue, black or brown shade.

This species is very common in China and Japan, where it is used to form trees in the technique of bonsai. Pretty unpretentious view, able to transfer frosts to -25 ° C.

But in the first years of his life, he was not cold-resistant. Without protection, he either completely freezes, or loses the beauty of pine needles and branches.

Hard seed view

Juniper is hard-seeded to be of high varieties - its tree-shaped forms reach 4-6 m, some specimens - 8-9 m. It is considered an endangered species and has already found itself on the pages of the Red Book.

Its needles are very short, the average length of needles is 4 mm. They are amber-emerald, with a bluish bloom. The berries are dark (blue or brown), with a gray tint.

The woody parts of the plant do not rot, so they are considered to be a great option for planting along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water.

Hardwood juniper

Eight-meter trees boast a solid juniper, and its powerful cylindrical, oval or pyramidal crown impresses with its magnificence.

If a representative of this species grows in a rocky area near the sea shore, then the branches begin to grow horizontally in relation to the ground. This gives even more decorative plant. The needles are hard, prickly, green, with a light honey tint.

The length of one needle is 1-3 cm. The cones are dark, with a blue top coat.

Low-growing creeping species of juniper

Far from all gardeners have the opportunity to allocate a fairly large plot of land for tall species. Most often in flowerbeds can be found undersized plant forms.

In most cases, a horizontal creeping juniper is chosen for gardens, which will not take up much space and, unlike trees, will not shade other plants. After all, its height almost never exceeds 0.5 m.

In addition, inside the species derived dwarf varieties that do not grow above 10 cm at all.

The branches of the shrub grow not up, but in breadth, parallel to the ground. The average diameter of the crown - 1.5 m, the maximum width - 2 m. On the shoots are needle foliage green, sometimes with a bluish tint, in some cases it can be golden yellow.

Shishkoyagod, like most species, bright blue. The wood is not prone to rotting, therefore it is quite possible to plant varieties of this species around garden ponds.

What types of creeping juniper are the most popular, and for which they have received wide recognition?

Golden juniper cover

The juniper horizontal Golden Carpet, whose name in English means “golden carpet”, looks very impressive.

This magnificent, decorative variety will create a real blanket of bright yellow needles.

Gardeners appreciate the unusual, incredibly attractive appearance, unpretentious content and ability to cover the soil, protecting the site from the invasion of weeds.

Another “plus” is that it is cold-resistant and is able to safely endure winters in the middle lane.

The original coloring allows you to use it to give bright strokes to park or garden plantings. Suitable for landing in urban areas, as well as it gets accustomed, even in conditions of polluted atmosphere.

It will serve as a kind of filter, cleaning the air from harmful, urban emissions. Also, he will act as a disinfector, because its coniferous branches effectively destroy disease-causing bacteria in the environment.

Like all other species, this odorous juniper emits a pleasant, coniferous smell, refreshing the air around the planting with its aroma.

The juniper horizontal Golden Carpet spreads its branches practically above the ground, its height varies from 15 to 30 cm. It stretches in breadth until its diameter is 1.5 m.

Amber leaf needles of amber color - the main pride of the variety. It covers the stalks in the form of scales and creates a beautiful ornament in sunny colors.

In the cultivation of juniper Golden Carpet is not capricious, but it should be placed only on areas well lit by the sun.

If you do not follow this rule, then it will not differ in any way from most creeping varieties, since in the shade of its needles it will acquire a classic, green color.

Juniper variety Green Carpet

The juniper horizontal Green Carpet or "green rug" is no less beautiful. Its emerald, lush branches thickly carpeted the earth, forming magnificent horizontal tiers, 1.5 m in diameter.

It practically does not detach from the earth, its height upon reaching the decade is 10 cm. The shoots are covered with green needles in the form of small needles.

With age, it gradually darkens, its color becomes more saturated.

One of the most unpretentious varieties, can withstand the frosty winters of temperate and even northern Russian regions.

It does not need a haircut, but if the need arose, the juniper Green Carpet will quietly transfer the crown formation.

It is an excellent addition for any landscape compositions, rock gardens and mixborders, and is also used for decorating lawns.

Limeglow juniper variety

Horizontal Limeglow Lemon Lime Juniper is famous for its decorative effect. Its creeping shoots are slightly raised and form low, golden bushes of amazing beauty.

Their height does not exceed the 40-centimeter mark. The crown diameter is standard for dwarf representatives - 1.5 m. Needle-like, thin and pointed needles are located on the shoots.In young bushes, it is completely yellow.

In older shrubs, only the upper parts are gold, the main background remains green. Like all varieties with a yellow crown, they retain honey color exclusively under the constant influence of the sun's rays.

Without them, the shrubs will not be so bright.

Wiltonii juniper variety

Undemanding in content and incomparable appearance - this is how horizontal Wiltonii juniper, creeping, low shrub can be characterized. This variety is loved by many for the bluish-green needles.

It is characterized by resistance to frost, drought, not picky about the composition of the soil. Needs minimal care, like many dwarf species of juniper: planting and caring for it does not require a large investment of time and effort.

He needs timely watering, after which it is better to sprinkle the soil around the bush with mulch. It will give the soil nutrients and will not allow moisture to evaporate too quickly.

It is better to plant this variety in the sun, so that the needles demonstrate the full beauty of their color.

Recumbent Juniper Nana

The juniper lying Nana - a resident of the Japanese mountains belongs to the undersized varieties. Its stems spread along the surface of the earth, occupying an area of ​​up to 2 meters. Their height is small - only 0.5 m.

Needles tough, in the form of short needles. She sits tightly on the stems, can be green or with a gray-gray shade.

Many shoots, decorated with blue-green needles, form wonderful ground cover mats on the surface of the earth.

In addition to the amazing decorative qualities, the variety has an excellent resistance to environmental influences. It can withstand cold, heat, frost.

It is not picky to the soil, but it is necessary to add cobblestones to it, because the plant is rocky and its roots are used to the protection that stone rocks provide.

He does not like stagnant water and too shaded places.

Crimean juniper forests

The Crimean juniper is found on the territory of the Crimea peninsula, including many different species, such as, for example, smelly, tall, red, Cossack.

They can be trees, as well as tall, low, or creeping shrubs. Despite the fact that they are so different, they are united by one homeland - Crimea. The most spectacular of them - juniper high.

It seems that its mighty trunk is woven from hundreds of brown ribbons, and the pyramidal crown, studded with blue-green needles, reaches enormous dimensions. Such giant trees form the juniper of the forest territory of the peninsula.

The forests are not thick, grow very slowly, therefore, environmentalists are especially carefully protected from fires and cutting for souvenirs.

Gray boom on the site

Every day the demand for juniper blue increases, differing with bluish-gray shoots.

And this is not surprising - the branches covered with blue needles with a silvery sheen cannot but admire with their elegance and incredible attractiveness.

To date, many varieties with a bluish tinge of scaly or needle foliage have been bred.

It can be tall, medium and undersized, creeping varieties and varieties.

Quite a common srednerosly view - Cossack Juniper includes such wonderful varieties with blue needles - Tamarscifolia, Rocker Jam.

The groundcover juniper scaly blue is represented by varietal varieties: Prince of Wales, Blue Carpet, Blue Star.

The view of the horizontal also includes beautiful shrubs with blue branches with a steel shade - Glauka and Wilton.

Juniper in landscape design

December 16, 2015 Alienteu Pine

One of the current trends in landscaping is the use of conifers.

The variety of their species and varieties allows to solve even the most complex design tasks, and pines, firs and thuja gradually win back a “place under the sun” in the countryside.

Juniper is also actively used in landscape design, a photo of the varieties of which can be seen below.

Juniper: General Description

Juniper is a close relative of the cypress, it only grows in more severe conditions than its counterpart.

In the wild, there are about 70 species of this interesting conifer, but only about 15 are “domesticated”, among which are dwarfs and giants, plants with compact crowns or spreading, varieties with erect or creeping trunks.

The color of junipers is very diverse, there are almost all shades of green, as well as varieties with gray needles.

And, unlike most prickly brethren, the color of the needles of this genus varies depending on the season of the year - by the autumn the crown acquires a bronze or brownish tint.

The shape of the needles also varies from species to species, and in some cases depends on the age of the shrub.

In addition to the variety of forms, juniper has one more plus - its unpretentiousness. It can grow on stony soils, as well as on heavy loams or nutrient-poor sandy soils. The only thing relative to cypress or wetlands cypress relative does not take root.

The cold resistance of the “northern cypress” depends on the species, but most of the plants used in landscape design tolerate frosts well, and only newly planted or young specimens need shelter for the winter.

Another nice feature of juniper is its amazing flavor. Moreover, varieties with scaly needles more actively saturate the air with phytoncides, while the smell of the owners of needle leaves is less pronounced.

Most of the representatives of the juniper genus are amenable to shearing.

Types and varieties

On sale there are about a hundred varieties of juniper, bred by breeders or obtained in nature due to mutations. The most common breeds are based on the following types of juniper:

    • Common (Juniperus communis) - strong sprawling shrub with barbed needles and bluish bloom on it. Drought-resistant and extremely frost-resistant.
    • Rocky (Juniperus scopulorum) - Cord from North America. Unpretentious, but prefers protected from the wind.
    • Virginian (Juniperus virginiana) - a tree native to North America, in nature reaches a gigantic size. This type is not afraid of strong winds, its wood is very durable. Unlike most relatives, shade-tolerant.
    • Cossack (Juníperus sabína) - bush, up to one and a half meters high. It has scaly needles.
    • Medium (Juniperus media) - a rather large plant with an asymmetric crown and needles in the form of scales.

Juniper ordinary Juniper rocky Juniper virgin
Juniper Cossack Juniper Cossack Juniper average

Most popular varieties

The ephedra used in landscape design, as a rule, have one important feature - slow growth. Junipers are no exception.

Of all the variety, we can distinguish several of the most popular varieties that, due to their properties, are suitable for solving most design tasks.

Low breed Juniperus chinensis "Stricta" forms a cone-shaped dense crown and grows no higher than two meters.

The branches are covered with needle bluish-green needles.

Ideal for creating accent in compositions, with single landings or as a hedge.

The Juniperus squamata variety belongs to another category. "Blue Star", which rarely exceeds a meter in height and is used to design lawns and rock gardens. In addition to the modest size, the feature is the needles of an amazing silver-blue hue. Such a plant is able to decorate any composition.

Variety Juniperus media Old Gold, on the contrary, has a golden color. This species is also dwarf. Effectively looks at single landings on a lawn, and also in combination with differently painted conifers.

Juniper Chinese "Stricta" Juniper average "Old Gold"

Colonic shapes

Colony-shaped copies of the crown are expressive in their own right. They are great for decorating alleys and creating a hedge. In the compositions of the columnar junipers usually occupy a central place.

Juniper Chinese "Spartan" Juniper Virginia "Skyrocket"

Remarkably combined with the blooming representatives of the flora of the variety Juniperus chinensis "Olympia" and "Spartan"which have scaly needles of rich green color. The juniper virginian has an elegant crown of a bluish-green color. "Skyrocket".

Juniper Variety

To date, there are about one hundred varieties of juniper, united by common species features. Some of them arose as a result of natural mutations, some were created in the process of targeted selection.

In nature, there are about 70 species of juniper (juniperus), of which only 15. have been cultivated so far. The following are considered to be the most common in landscape design:

  • juniper ordinary,
  • rocky
  • Virginia,
  • Cossack,
  • Chinese,
  • average,
  • scaly,
  • horizontal.

Most species of juniper differ frost resistance, undemanding to the living conditions, care, as well as the pleasant aroma of wood and pine needles, the severity of which, however, varies depending on the species. Trees with scaly needles smell stronger than needle-holders.

The shape of the crown varies, although most species are prone to crown formation by trimming. Conical and pyramidal crown shapes are good in group plantings. Initially, there are four forms:

Also, the types of junipers are grouped according to several other principles, for example, winter hardiness, toxicity, unpretentiousness.

Representatives of Cossack juniper are poisonous, virgin and rocky are distinguished by unpretentiousness. Winter hardiness is characteristic of almost all species, with the exception of some rare, among which are:

  • leaning
  • Turkestan,
  • red,
  • Zeravshan.

Due to the external beauty, some species can be attributed to a special group of decorative junipers, this applies to:

  • ordinary
  • horizontal,
  • medium,
  • scaly junipers.

Choosing the type and variety of juniper for growing on your site, it is important to determine in advance what purpose it will fulfill. This will help to choose the most appropriate type of tree, starting from its specific features.

Green carpet

Unlike its counterparts, common juniper of this variety is rather low - only 0.5 m in height, but in width it can reach one and a half meters. Annual growth is about 5/15 cm, respectively.

The eye is pleased with the unusual shape of the crown - thick, ground cover. This variety is well suited for decorating slopes, growing in rocky gardens.

Another variety with columnar crown. In height and width can reach 4/1 m. The approximate annual increase is 15 and 5 cm for each indicator. This is a fairly dense shrub with upright shoots. The needles on the branches are painted in a beautiful bluish-green shade.

The variety is frost-resistant, characterized by slow growth, unpretentiousness to growing conditions. Like other varieties, it prefers sunny places, with a lack of light, the crown loses its shape and becomes sprawling. This shrub lends itself well to shaping and pruning, which allows it to be used for decorative purposes to create various landscape compositions.


come from mountain regions. Very hardy, easy to cope with drought, frost resistant. Looks great in rocky gardens and alpine hills. The most decorative varieties of juniper rocky:

Very tall trees, up to 7-8 meters in height. The shape of the crown is columnar, the width of an adult plant is 1 m. The annual increase in indicators is 15 and 5 cm, respectively. The shoots grow thickly, the needles are soft, pleasant green.In general, it is not picky about the conditions and care, however it does not grow well on too saline or too humid soils. The branches for the winter must be tied up to avoid damage.

Golden flame

The shrubs of this juniper horizontal change their color with age. Adult needles are bright green in color; the needles on young shoots are distinguished by a golden hue.

He needs additional care - in the spring they remove dead needles from the shoots of the shrub, since he himself does not shed it.

Rules for planting juniper

Despite the fact that juniper is rather unpretentious, it is necessary to observe some rules when planting it in order to get good results. As a rule, planted juniper closer to the middle of spring or in September. If a seedling with a closed root ball was purchased, it will be planted in a permanent place during the whole warm season.

Choosing a suitable place for landing should consider several conditions:

  • juniper prefers to grow in well-lit areas, it does not tolerate shading,
  • it is impossible to plant this plant on waterlogged soils, near groundwater,
  • some species need protection from wind and drafts,
  • It is important to provide the plant with space, it does not tolerate tightness.

The first step in planting a seedling is to prepare the planting hole. Its size should be significantly larger than the root ball of the plant. It is also important to observe the optimal distance between seedlings (from 0.5 m for dwarf species to 2-3 meters for tall ones). At the same time in group plantings or hedges the distance may be less than recommended.

Large species of junipers are better planted in light fertile soils, but dwarf varieties are more suitable for soil containing few nutrients, otherwise they lose their decorative effect.

At the bottom of the hole necessarily spread a layer of drainage using expanded clay or broken brick. Then add the substrate and place the seedling. It is important to ensure that the root neck is not buried. This will slow the growth and can trigger the disease of the plant. Ideally, the seedling is transplanted along with an earthy clod to minimize possible damage to the roots.

After disembarking, the pit is covered with earth and watered abundantly with distilled warm water. Then, the near-barrel circle is mulched using any suitable materials.

Get acquainted with common species and varieties of juniper

Junipera beautiful plant that is increasingly used in landscape design. But in order to choose the right kind of it, you need to know exactly which group juniper belongs to. He is a bright representative of the oldest family of cypress, evergreen conifers, which will not cause any problems in growing even a novice gardener. Juniper appeared on earth more than 50 million years ago, thanks to which people have long appreciated the beauty of this plant, using it to decorate gardens for more than one millennium.

Did you know?Juniper is used as a flavoring for juices, fruit drinks and compotes. Its fruits give the meat an exotic savory taste and aroma. Marinades, prepared using juniper, are especially bright and memorable, and when added to pickles, juniper berries significantly enrich their flavor and aromatic palette.

Juniper grows in the form of trees, like columns, spreading shrubs or fluffy shoots, dense carpet lining the ground. Evergreen juniper branches are decorated with needles or flakes of needles. Almost all representatives of juniper are dioecious:male plants are pollinators, and female plants produce a generous harvest of cones, from which tasty, medicinal fragrant jam is made. Today in the world there are about 70 varieties of juniper, so let's look at what types and varieties of juniper are common in our time.

The best species and varieties

The variety of species, amazing plasticity, the ability to tolerate strong pruning, versatility of use in gardening, stability and simplicity in cultivation became the reasons for the unprecedented popularity of junipers and prompted breeders to produce excellent varieties and hybrid forms.

To learn how to plant, grow and properly care for juniper, read the article "Juniper - planting and care."

Gold Cone

Juniper ordinary grade Gold Kon (Gold Cone)

German spectacular variety with a crown in the form of a narrow column or pyramid. It grows up to 2–3 m high and up to 60 cm wide, it develops quickly, gives gains up to 15–20 cm per year. The branches are directed obliquely upwards, the ends of the shoots are bristling, which makes the plant look slightly disheveled, which gives it charm.

In spring and early summer, the ends of the shoots turn yellowish, later the needles turn green, and in winter they turn a cream-brown hue. Variety gives the land a sunny accent, successfully used to create groups on the lawn, design rockeries and paths.

Sentinel or Pensil Point (Sentinel, Pencil Point)

Juniper common grade Sentinel (Sentinel)

A stunning variety of Canadian breeding with a narrow kolonovidnoy or pyramidal crown resembles a thin pencil, the similarity enhances the pointed tip. A ten-year-old tree reaches a height of 1.5 m, in a diameter of about 30 cm. At the expense of the branches pressed to the trunk and directed upwards, the crown looks molded and flat.

Small needle needles of a saturated green color or with a slight bluish tinge are not inclined to grow brown in winter. Sentinel perfectly looks like a tapeworm at a stony hills, near lush conifers or when planted in groups of three plants.

Cossack juniper (Juniperus sabina)

A sturdy species is considered the most resistant to adverse conditions, drought and air pollution, well developed, being planted along urban avenues with heavy traffic or in the factory zone.

It is a creeping razlohy shrub growing up to 1.5 m in height, reaching a huge size in the diameter of 6–8 or more meters. The crown is spreading, the branches rise at the ends. The needles are dark green in color, of two varieties - needle-like in young plants and scale-like in adults. When planting should be aware that the needles and fruits are toxic.

Blue Donau

Juniper Cossack grade Blue Donau (Blue Donau)

Remarkably spectacular plant, whose name translates as "Blue Danube". The shrub is medium in size, with sprawling shoots, by the age of ten it grows no more than 1 m in height and about 1.5 m in diameter. In the future, it can grow in breadth to 3 m, which is important to consider when planning a landing. Shoots are directed horizontally or obliquely upwards.

The development is fast, shoots give growths of about 20 cm per year. The needles are beautifully bluish in tone, with a strong odor, in winter they take on a green or bluish, sometimes purple tone. It is recommended as a textured and color component of stony gardens, it looks wonderful in single landings, when landing along alleys or at the cave-like dark conifers.

Tamariscifolia or Tamariscifolia

Juniper Cossack grade Tamariscifolia (Tamariscifolia)

The most popular Cossack juniper in adulthood takes a dome-shaped form. The crown reaches a height of 1 m and a diameter of up to 2 m. The shoots are located horizontally or obliquely upwards, partially overlapping each other like tiling, forming a dense, dense cover.

The needles are plentiful, needle type, light green with a bluish bloom. Tamaris grows well on any soil, suitable for planting on uncomfortable, landscaping of rocky areas and slopes.

Spreading and weeping forms

Sprawling specimens look peculiar, they are usually used as soloists in the design of lawns, they are indispensable in the design of rocky slopes and large alpine hills.

In such plants, the diameter of the crown often exceeds the height.

For example, varieties "Blue Alps Juniperus chinensis with silver-blue barbed needles and "Glauka" Blue-green Juniperus sabina form rather picturesque forms.

Juniper Chinese "Blue Alps" Juniper Ordinary "Horstmann"

Slightly detached are breeds with a weeping crown shape, for example, Horstmann Is a species of Juniperus communis, with drooping branches and barbed needles. Such plants are good at registration of reservoirs or as a soloist.

Despite its modest size, dwarf junipers are no less expressive. They are good in small areas and when creating small compositions. Dwarfs on the alpine hill, near the ponds, as ground cover plants are irreplaceable.

Varieties of juniper horizontal due to the branches, creeping on the ground, look spectacular on the lawns and rockeries.

On the rocky slopes are often planted varieties "Tamariscifolia" Juniperus sabina, and Green Carpet Juniperus communis, forming a crown in the form of a flat dome.

A variety of colors

Shrubs and trees with unusual eye-catching color bring liveliness to any composition.

For example, bright yellow low Gold Star Juniperus media is perfectly combined with dark needles or foliage of other plants, and by the fall it acquires an interesting bronze tint.

And grade Juniperus scopulorum "Munglow" is one of the brightest blue juniper and looks spectacular in any environment.

Care for the "Northern Cypress"

Despite the fact that the plants of this genus are quite unpretentious and able to grow almost without human intervention, there are still some nuances.

Watering shrubs should be only during a long drought, as well as in the first season after planting. Planting plants are not required.

Place and time of landing

Usually the juniper is planted in the middle of spring or early autumn, but plants with a closed root system can be repotted during the whole warm season. The location for this ephedra must meet certain requirements:

  • The relative of cypress does not belong to shade-tolerant plants, with the exception of a few species, therefore they are planted in well-lit sunny places.
  • Water spots for juniper are not suitable. Groundwater should also be far from the surface.
  • Some species need wind protection.
  • Juniper needs space, he does not like cramping.


Chinese juniper "Stricta"

Planting pits are prepared in advance, their dimensions, as a rule, twice the size of the root system of seedlings. It should be remembered about the intervals between plants - for dwarf forms, the intervals will be about half a meter, but large specimens are planted 2-3 meters apart.

Juniper is suitable for almost any soil, the preferred composition depends on the specific type. Light, fertile land is more suitable for large varieties, but dwarfs are better kept on “starvation rations” - with an excess of nutrients, they lose their decorative effect.

At the bottom of the landing pit lay a layer of broken brick or gravel, this is especially important if the site is located in the valley.

Next, pour a layer of substrate and place the plant, trying not to bury the root neck. It is best to transplant junipers with the preservation of earthy coma.

The pit is filled with the prepared substrate and is plentifully shed with water. The soil surface is usually mulched.

Due to the high resistance to frost, these cypress relatives are not required shelter from the cold, with the exception of recently planted specimens.

As a shelter using lapnik or non-woven material.

At the end of winter, like all conifers, juniper should be covered from the sun - this helps to avoid browning of pine needles.

Sometimes colonic and cone-shaped species suffer from snow - their branches simply do not withstand gravity and break, therefore such plants are tied up in late autumn, pressing the shoots to the trunk.

Diseases and pests

Sometimes when growing juniper unpleasant situations occur - plants can be affected by fungal diseases and pests.

The most common disease is rust - orange growths on the trunks and branches that appear in early summer.

It affects not only the juniper, but also other ornamental and fruit plants, so it is not recommended to plant the "Northern Cypress" next to pears, apples and hawthorn. The affected areas of the shrub are removed and the plant is treated with a fungicide solution.

Immunostimulants solutions are used as a preventive measure - they increase the resistance of flora to diseases.

High humidity and low temperatures contribute to the appearance of another fungal disease, Schutte.

It manifests itself as yellowing or russeting of last year's needles, and at the end of summer black round growths are visible on the surface of the needles.

Shadowed specimens are most susceptible to this disease. Control measures include the removal of affected areas and the spraying of fungicides.

From parasitic insects on a coniferous shrub, a spider mite, aphid and scythe can appear.

Signs of spider mites are a thin web on the plant and yellow dots on the needles.

Drying, dropping of needles, as well as dying off of the bark can be evidence of the presence of scutes, while the pests themselves can be seen with the naked eye - in the form of round or elongated scutes measuring about 1.5-2 mm.

Insecticides are used to combat these pests.

In the event of aphids being affected, not only the plants themselves are treated, but also the ant colonies - after all, they “breed” the aphids.

As a prevention of the appearance of insects, spraying with immunostimulants and weak solutions of insecticides is used.

Juniper plants

Not all plants tolerate close proximity to conifers, for example, this refers to clematis, peonies, roses and other large flowering members of the flora. Small groundcover plants, on the contrary, live well near the prickly brethren and help to shade their beauty.

Good neighbors for the "northern cypress" are spirea and boxwood, as well as various types of saxifrage.

Remarkably, heather and garden hydrangea live near conifers, more about which you can find out here.

Cotoneaster and barberry create the background for large conifers, and some cereals complete the picture. Also do not forget about small flowers.

Naturally, juniper looks good with other conifers in landscape design - with mountain pine or small spruces, for example.

Once again about landscape design

Of course, the possibility of using juniper to design a plot depends on the general stylistic decision.

Perfectly fit this plant for gardens with the correct geometry, decorated in English or Scandinavian style, Japanese gardens or stone compositions are also difficult to imagine without this conifer.

Juniper virginsky "Skyrocket" Juniper ordinary "Compressa"

Depending on the idea, the "Northern Cypress" can perform the function of both the central plant and the background for others. Based on this, the shapes and colors of this wonderful shrub are selected.

Golden Carpet (Golden Carpet)

Juniper horizontal grade Golden Carpet (Golden Carpet)

The yellow-colored Golden Carpet is a sport of the famous undersized variety Wiltonii with blue needles. Bright decorative creeping juniper with a flat crown formed from lodging branches, side shoots shortened, pointed upwards. Slow development, the height of an adult plant is up to 30 cm, with a diameter of about 1.5 m.

Thin shoots lying on loose soil eventually take root, strengthening and nourishing the plant, forming an attractive golden carpet that suppresses weeds. Sports are used as a ground cover plant, for fixing loose slopes, grafted on shtamb, planted in tall perennials.

Icy Blue (Icee Blue)

Juniper horizontal grade Isa Blue (Icee Blue)

A magnificent blue horizontal juniper, grows like a creeping shrub with sinking flexible shoots pressed to the ground. It forms a dense carpet, flowing around obstacles and falling from the hills, causing genuine admiration. The height is about 10–15 cm, the crown grows to 2 m in diameter. Small branches grow in abundance, directed obliquely upwards.

The needles are soft, scaly, greenish with a bright blue tint, in the winter it takes on a purple color. The shrub is grown as a groundcover, looks great on the slopes of large stony hills, in the columnar conifers, weeping dwarf birch and mountain ash.

Mint Julep

Juniper average grade Mint Dzhulep (Mint Julep)

The most popular variety bred in the United States, the name translates as "Mint Cocktail." A low shrub grows quickly, reaching 1 m in height and 2.5–3 m in diameter. Long branches, directed to the sides or at an oblique angle upward, form a flattened wide crown. Needles scaly type, bright green.

Lateral branches and ascending shoots bristle and give the plant a disheveled appearance that looks natural and gives texture to the landscape. Mint Julep is good for planting in groups, in mixborders, for the formation of hedges.

King of Spring

Juniper average grade King of Spring (King of Spring)

Compact shrub, crown formed by branches, directed horizontally, and then obliquely upwards. By the age of ten, it grows to a height of 30–50 cm and 1.2 m in diameter. The needles are yellowish-green, needle-like and scaly. Gains of the current year are gentle, subtle, painted in bright yellow color, stand out on the surface of the crown and give it an attractive fluffy look.

With its brightness and spectacular contrast of the green middle of the bush and the outer golden shoots, this little “king of spring” is able to overshadow not only other conifers, but also flowering perennials.

Dream Joy

Juniper scaly grade Dream Joy (Dream Joy)

Develops at an average pace, by the age of ten reaches 60 cm in height and more than 1.2 m in width. Shoots grow by 10-15 cm per year. The crown is dense, the correct pillow shape. The branches are multidirectional, arcuately curved, drooping at the ends. Acute needles of needle type, dark, bluish-green. Young increments of fresh yellowish-green hue effectively contrasted with the general background.

Blue Star (Blue Star)

Juniper scaly grade Blue Star

The rounded shrub is up to 1 m high and up to 1.5 m wide. It develops slowly, growing 3-5 cm per year. The main advantage is a compact, well-knit blue crown of irregular cushion shape. The main branches are numerous, directed upwards. The lateral branches are short, densely covered with needle-shaped blue needles. The growth of the current year, silver-blue, light. This is a stunning variety for rocky slides and mixborders.


Juniper Chinese grade of Strict (Stricta)

Beautiful slender variety of Dutch selection obtained in 1945. Young plants are characterized by a narrow columnar or pyramidal crown, the tip is pointed. Slow development - up to 5–8 cm of growth per year. Over time, the crown expands, becomes larger, the adult plant reaches 2–3 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter.

The lateral branches are numerous, thick, directed obliquely upwards. Needles needle, attractive bluish-green color, silver needle at the bottom of the needle. In winter, acquires a brownish tint.

Plumosa (Plumosa)

Juniper Chinese grade of Plumosa (Plumosa)

An unusual hybrid of Chinese and middle junipers, with spreading branches directed to the sides, arranged in the form of an inverted arch, because of which the crown takes the form of a crown or funnel.The plants are not high - up to 1.5 m, with a tilted shortened main stem and obliquely ascending branches. Side branches prostrate, drooping. Needles of scaly type, dense green tone.

In England, a beautiful hybrid form of Plumosa Aurea (Plumosa Aurea) was obtained, growing not higher than 1 m. The needles of a bright golden-yellow shade, which is especially attractive in early spring. This slow growing plant is suitable for growing bonsai.

Gray Owl

Juniper virginsky grade Gray Oul (Gray Owl)

Dutch variety, translated as “Gray Owl” was obtained by breeders in 1938. This is a wonderful lush shrub with the original flattened crown of irregular shape. Skeletal branches are directed horizontally and raised, lateral thin twigs lowered down. By the age of ten, it grows no higher than 1.5 m, reaching 3 m in diameter.

The needles are mostly scaly, of a beautiful bluish-blue color, at the ends of young shoots - silvery, in winter it acquires a brownish tint. In general, the shrub gives the impression of lightness, with its thin arcuate branches and elegant light needles.

Canaerti (Canaertii)

Juniper virginsky grade Kanaerti (Canaertii)

The variety obtained in Belgium at the end of the XIX century, is a tall tree of a narrow pyramidal shape. It develops quickly, adult plants in favorable conditions grow to 5 m and above. Initially dense, dense krone loosens over time. The branches are directed upwards, the scaly needles of a lush green color become yellowish-brown in winter.

Young plants are decorated with refined light shoots, slanting away from the crown and hanging at the ends. Round cones of blue color with a white bloom, appearing in abundance on the branches of adult shrubs, make them even more attractive.


Juniper rocky grade Munglou (Moonglow)

Bright blue variety with an attractive rounded crown, which with age takes a pyramidal shape. It develops quickly, gives gains up to 20 cm, growing up to 6 m in height and up to 2.5 m in breadth. The needles are greyish-blue, bright, with silvery young shoots.

Great for growing hedges, looks spectacular in group planting. The variegated variation of Moonglow Variegate is decorated with cream twigs, which in winter tend to freeze slightly.


Juniper rocky grade Skyrocket (Skyrocket)

A slender tree with a columnar crown and a pointed tip at ten years old grows to 3.0 m tall and about 0.7 m in diameter. Skeletal branches and numerous lateral branches densely adjoin, directed vertically.

The needles are scaly, bluish-blue color, small. This stable variety was discovered in natural conditions in 1949 and quickly became extremely popular due to the dense crown of the correct form and unpretentiousness.

Juniper Daurian (Juniperus davurica)

Juniper Daurian (Juniperus davurica)

A small shrub common in the Far East, in China and Western Siberia. Skeletal branches are directed horizontally, spread and raised at the ends. The needles are green, acicular, with whitish-gray stripes, on young growths it is scale-like, soft, dull. In the winter prone to browning.

Shishkoyagodi dark blue, with a bluish bloom. The plant is steady, spectacular, decorative varieties are obtained, which are sometimes mistaken for varieties of a closely related species - Chinese juniper.

Juniper solid (Juniperus rigida)

Juniper solid (Juniperus rigida)

A tall tree in natural conditions is common in China, Japan, Korea, in the Far East, is a rare species. It grows to a height of 8–10 m. The crown is pyramidal, dense, loose in female specimens, formed by ascending sprawling skeletal branches with hanging side branches.

Emerald needle color, mostly needle-like, tough, prickly. The look is suitable for soliterny landings, effectively looks with a weeping form of krone, long since is used for cultivation of a bonsai.

Siberian Juniper (Juniperus sibirica)

Siberian Juniper (Juniperus sibirica)

The species is common in the northern regions of Eurasia, in the tundra and mountainous terrain, looks like a juniper ordinary.The plant is short, 0.5–1 m in height, with creeping branches, sometimes raised. The needles are pointed curved, up to 0.8 cm long, juicy green color with a white stripe.

The branches are adorned with fleshy purple cones, covered with a bluish bloom. Suitable for group plantings, registration of rock gardens. Unpretentious, stable in frosty winters.

Juniper (Juniperus procumbens)

Juniper (Juniperus procumbens)

Originally from Japan, creeping dense shrub with a dense crown grows up to 30 cm in height. It forms thick, extensive carpets of green color with a diameter of up to 3-4 m. The lateral branches grow in a multitude and are directed upwards.

Needles needle, green, at the base with white spots. In culture, it is more common in Japan, used as a ground cover plant, grafted onto shtamb, and also grown as bonsai.

Juniper groups by appearance and growth rate

Juniper Cossack grade of Rockery Gem

Numerous types of junipers differ externally and in terms of crown growth rate. Often, within a single species, both creeping and tall plants can be found, depending on the growing conditions, belonging to a sub-species or hybrid form.

Thanks to the efforts of breeders, typically tall species can be represented by varieties of medium size or even dwarf. Some common types and varieties of junipers are grouped below, depending on the height of the plants, the direction of growth of the branches, the rate of development and the color of the needles.


  • M. horizontal
  • M. Daursky
  • M. Cossack,
  • M. average
  • M. Sargent,
  • M. ordinary (Depressa, Greenmantl, Vase).


  • M. Virginsky,
  • M. Chinese
  • M. rocky
  • M. hard
  • M. prickly
  • M. tall
  • M. ordinary (Gold Cone, Arnold, Sentinel).

High (height of species plants):

  • M. virginsky (up to 20 m)
  • M. rocky (up to 10–12 m),
  • M. hard (up to 8–10 m),
  • M. prickly (up to 5–10 m),
  • M. Chinese (up to 10–15 m),
  • M. ordinary (up to 8–12 m)
  • M. high (up to 10-15 m).


  • M. horizontal
  • M. lying
  • M. crowded or coastal,
  • M. scaly,
  • M. Sargent,
  • M. ordinary (Green Carpet, Repanda).


  • M. virginsky (Globosa, Golden Spring),
  • M. Chinese (Expansa and its forms),
  • M. lying (Nana),
  • M. ordinary (Compressa, Constans Franklin),
  • M. Medium (King of Spring),
  • M. horizontal (Andorra Variegata, Andorra Compact),
  • M. scaly (Blue Star, Dream Joy),
  • M. Siberian.


  • M. virginsky (Glauca),
  • M. Chinese (Obelisk, Keteleeri),
  • M. ordinary (Constans Franklin, Columnaris, Sentinel),
  • M. rocky (Sky Rocket, Blue Arrow).

Fast growing:

  • M. virginsky (Glauca, Canaertii, Hetz),
  • M. Medium (Mint Julep),
  • M. Cossack (Rockery Gem, Hicksii, Blaue Donau),
  • M. Chinese (Obelisk, Spartan),
  • M. horizontal (Bar Harbor),
  • M. ordinary (Gold Cone),
  • M. rocky (Moonglow, Skyrocket).


  • M. scaly (Blue Star, Blue Carpet),
  • M. crowded (Blue Pacific),
  • M. Rocky (Blue Heaven, Moonglow, Blue Arrow),
  • M. ordinary (Sterling Silver),
  • M. horizontal (Blue Chip, Blue Forest, Icee Blue),
  • M. Chinese (Blue Alps),
  • M. average (Hetzii),
  • M. Cossack (Blue Donau).

Video about the variety of species and varieties of juniper

Universal junipers in all their variety of shapes, sizes and colors, are widely used in gardening. Tall plants adorn parks, alleys and gardens. There are no equal columnar junipers, looking upwards, as vertical elements of the landscape, expanding the space.

Middle-grown and undersized varieties are surprisingly decorative in the design of the garden plots - by a rocky hill and lawn, in a solitary planting and in groups, as living colorful carpets and textured accents in a mixborder.

Juniper Coastal (Juniperus conferta)

Coastal juniper is a flat-growing dwarf shrub with a pleasant pine aroma. The plant has creeping shoots capable of lining the soil with a dense carpet. At the age of nine, plants of this variety reach a height of only 20 centimeters, but at the same time the size of their crowns can reach up to one meter. The branches of the bush are covered with dark green needles, decorated with a white-blue stripe on the upper side, which gives it a gray tint. In autumn, coastal juniper branches are covered with dark blue cones with a bluish bloom.

Important!When planting juniper, be careful when choosing a landing site. The fact is that this plant is home to many fungal infections and close proximity to fruit crops can contribute to their infection with dangerous diseases.

The plant loves sunny places, but at the same time grows well in partial shade. Due to its compact size, in landscape design it is used as a groundcover for decorating rock gardens and rocky gardens.

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