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Brussels Sprouts Franklin F1
In the previous article you can read the botanical description and biological features of the Brussels sprouts.
Until recently, our gardeners grew very little varieties of brussels sprouts. They talked about it for a long time as about the culture of one variety: the good domestic Hercules was created 65 years ago. Some variety brought foreign varieties of Brussels sprouts, mainly English and Dutch selection. Then F1 hybrids appeared, most of them are well suited for growing in our climatic conditions. They have high quality seeds, good harvests. As a rule, plants are compact, with dense planting of even, calibrated kochanchik, which ripen together, rarely get sick. True, opponents of hybrids claim that the harvest on varietal plants is larger and tastier, and fruiting lasts longer. Is this you can check in their gardens.
However, the most important thing that you need to pay attention to when choosing a variety of brussels sprouts is precocity. The fact is that this cabbage slowly grows and forms heads of cabbage for a long time. From sowing until the readiness of kochanchik takes 135-175 days. Therefore, in order for labor not to be wasted in vain, it is necessary to choose early Brussels sprouts for the Middle Strip and the Non-Black Earth Region. For example, F1 hybrids Franklin, Diablo, variety Rosella.
FranklinF1 - The earliest Dutch hybrid available on our market. The plant is cold-resistant, strong, medium size. Kochanchiki dark green, smooth, round, dense, up to 70 pieces. The taste is excellent. The yield of about 2.8 kg per 1 square. The hybrid is resistant to Fusarium.
DiabloF1 - Sredneranny cold-resistant Dutch hybrid. On a strong, straight stalk of an average height of 40-55 green rounded coaches, which are very dense, of medium size, in a total weight of up to 0.9 kg. The yield of 2.1 kg per 1 square. m. resistant to fusarium.
Rosella - Middle German variety of Brussels sprouts. The plants are medium to high. Green cabbages, medium size, density satisfactory, on one plant up to 45 pieces. The taste is good. Ripening friendly. Yield up to 1.7 kg per 1 square. m
DiamondF1 - Late Dutch hybrid. Cobers blue-green, dense, rounded, mostly large. 35-60 pieces are tightly and equally on the stem. The taste is good, yield up to 3 kg from 1 square. m. Resistant against a number of diseases, but may be affected by powdery mildew and rust.
Funny company - Mid-season cold-resistant domestic variety of Brussels sprouts. Medium sized plants. Kochanchiki dark green with a strong anthocyanin, medium size, up to 60 pieces on the stem, the total weight of the chants up to 600 g. The yield of 1.2-1.8 kg per 1 square. m. Taste is good, ripening is friendly.
Hercules - The most common domestic variety. Medium late. The plant is about 50 cm high. The roaches are oval, large and medium-sized, not very dense, the total mass of the crop from one plant is about 300 g. Maturation is stretched. Yield 0.4-0.6 kg per 1 square. m. The variety is cold-resistant, resistance to keel is average.
Garnet braceletF1 - Mid-season domestic hybrid. Plant 60-70 cm tall with purple leaves and kochanchikami. Their number is 30-40 pieces, with a total weight of 400-500 g. Small, rounded kochanchiki have excellent taste and dietary qualities. Yield 1.5-1.9 kg per 1 square. m. Cold weather resistant, withstands cold temperatures up to 8 degrees.
Casio - Mid-season Czech variety of Brussels sprouts. The height of plants is 110-125 cm. Blue-colored Kochchiki are dense, small, of excellent taste, 60-70 pieces per plant. Maturation stretched. Yield 2-3 kg per 1 square. m
Commander - Mid-season domestic variety. The plant is srednerosly, kochanchiki green, dense from small to medium, 25-40 pieces on the stem, with a total weight of 450-550 g. The taste is good. The yield of about 2 kg per 1 square. m
Sapphire - Late domestic variety of Brussels sprouts. Kochchiki dense, with a diameter of 2-4 cm, on the plant about 30 pieces, with a total weight of up to 0.5 kg. The taste is excellent. Yield up to 2.5 kg per 1 square. m
In addition to these varieties and hybrids, many promising developments of breeders appear on the market: medium early Long Islandmid-season BoxerF1, resistant to low temperatures, mid-late Sanda, very tasty, cold-resistant, resistant to mucous bacteriosis. Among the red and purple varieties of brussels sprouts interesting english late Falstaff and mid-season domestic Garnet. Falstaff has a purple-red coaches of magnificent delicate taste. Grenades have small coaches, the intensity of their color increases with decreasing temperature.
Author: Tatyana Kazakova
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Features varieties of Brussels sprouts
According to statistics from the Eastern European agrarian market, Brussels sprouts are not a popular enough type. This trend is due to the fact that the main place in the diet is occupied by white, red, cauliflower and kohlrabi cabbage. But in private gardens and suburban areas you can see this interesting vegetable. Breeders offer new varieties that are happy to be grown by summer residents of many regions. Thus, the popularization of this type of cabbage is rapidly increasing.
Notable is the fact that other such varieties among the types and varieties of cabbage does not exist today. What this vegetable stands out among the rest? The structure of the plant is unique. The base is a thick central stem, at the top of which leaves grow in a bushy manner. From far away, Brussels sprouts look like a dwarf palm. The height of the stem does not exceed 80 cm. Its density is hardish and strong.
The peculiarity of Brussels sprouts is that small stems abundantly placed on the stem, similar to walnuts or green cherry tomatoes, are abundantly placed on the stem. In form and structure, they resemble exact copies of the fruits of white cabbage. The weight of each miniature head does not exceed 20-30 grams. On one stalk can grow up to 50 small, oval-rounded fruits, up to 5 cm in diameter. Mostly green-white and light-green tones predominate. This is what Brussels sprouts look like (see photo). Growing this garden crop will allow you to get a good harvest and diversify the dining table.
Among the properties of Brussels sprouts should be noted excellent resistance to cold. Seeds of this vegetable can begin to germinate at a temperature of + 20C. Among all the types of this vegetable, it is one of the most cold-resistant. Completely clean the plant in late autumn.
The yield is very good. During the entire growing season, up to 17 kg can be collected from 1m2 area. harvest. On average, one collection is collected up to 5 kg. graceful fruits.
Brussels sprouts are used to prepare various delicious dishes. It is also great for canning.
The best varieties of brussels sprouts
Breeders give some tips on which it is best to choose varieties of Brussels sprouts for Moscow region, for Siberia, for the Urals. If you use them correctly, you can get the maximum yield. Also varieties of Brussels sprouts are positioned for the Middle Strip and for the North-West.
The first thing you need to pay attention to is the ripening period. The maximum period may not be limited to 170 days. Some summer residents of the Southern regions may harvest in December, which is absolutely unacceptable for areas with a cold climate.
As noted, Brussels sprouts of early varieties do not have, there are only middle-late (Vertus, Rosella - German selection, Machuga - Polish selection) and later (Groniger - German, Long island and Mezo nano - Italian, Ketskill - American selection).
The second criterion for choosing Brussels sprouts is productivity. On average, one plant produces about 50 fruits, but there are varieties that can produce up to 70 fruits. These include Hercules 1342.
The third criterion is the biochemical composition. Modern breeding developments, which are mostly foreign, contain a lot of protein, minerals and vitamins, folic acid and carotene. Between varieties and hybrids you need to choose the hybrid cabbage. It is genetically protected from diseases and pests.
Very rare varieties of Brussels sprouts - Nagaoka Cross F1 or Jade Cross F1, which are basically the same, are offered by Japanese breeders. They are widely distributed in Western European countries.
The best varieties of Brussels sprouts:
In addition to the above, you can also choose varieties of Casio and Dolmic F1.
In the last years gardeners of the Brussels sprout variety are pleased with a great variety. Among them there are several of the best and most popular, actively grown throughout the country. There is an opportunity to get acquainted with them closer to choose those that will bring a good harvest on your site.
How to choose a grade correctly?
When choosing varieties of cabbage with a beautiful name "Brussels" it is important to consider three main characteristics:
- Late ripeness of culture. The earliest ripened cabbage does not ripen earlier than 130 days. The closer to the east of the country is the growing area, the more reasons for planting early ripe varieties.
- Productivity If the most common variety "Hercules" forms on average up to 40 coaches, then new hybrids can boast a quantitative increase in the harvest by half and a large size of fruits.
- The composition of nutrients. Russian varieties go without changing the quality of the cabbage. Foreign breeding hybrids are derived with a high content of protein, carotene and mineral salts.
According to the method of obtaining seeds differ:
- Varieties. Well convey signs of inheritance. Kocheshki large, quickly disclosed. High taste. Longer harvest period.
- Hybrids. Best preserved derived qualities in the first generation, which is denoted by F1. More fruit, stems below. Kochchiki are located along the entire height of the stem, reach the degree of readiness almost simultaneously and remain dense for several weeks.
Brussels sprouts can also be light and red. The high content of anthocyanins colors its leaves in rich colors of red shades.
Varieties of Brussels sprouts
When choosing the best varieties of Brussels sprouts, it is important to know which ones ripen early, in a later period, or grown to 6 months or more.
This will help to correctly calculate the labor and cash costs of cultivation, highlight a plant in a greenhouse or open field, where it will not be “touched” before picking up the watercress.
"Dolmic F». One of the best early varieties. Created in Holland. It grows up to 50 cm and above. Kochanchik color is green-yellow, the weight of each is up to 20 grams. The maximum yield per square meter is 2.5 kg. Can be planted in Siberia, in the Urals. In Russia, grown since 1994.The hybrid is suitable for fresh use and quick freezing.
"Isabel". Culture is resistant to cold, loves moisture. Beautiful purple-green color of heads is not lost during heat treatment.
"Long Island Improved." US country of origin. The variety is medium early. Bush semi dwarf. On one to 100 small coaches. Harvest in 85 days. Great taste, especially after frosts. Possible cultivation in Siberia. The variety is suitable for canning.
Rosella - a popular sredneranny grade of Brussels sprouts. Variety bred in Germany. Fruits appear on the 160th day from sowing seeds, on one bush up to 50 pieces. The plants are medium and tall. The average weight of a kochanchik is 13 g. They take one kilo to one hundred, kilo seven hundred per square meter. The taste is average. Fetus density is low. The main value of the variety is the harmonious formation of the harvest, the preservation of taste and dietary qualities. In Russia, planted since 1995.
Rudnef. Resistant to frost to 7 degrees below zero. Diameter of kochanchik 2 cm. Yields are high. Long stored on the stem. Suitable for the zone of Black Earth.
"Franklin F1". The aging period is 128 days. Recommended for personal subsidiary farms. Green leaf dark saturation. The scape of a small, medium intensity anthocyanin coloration. The average number of heads on one bush is 70, the shape is rounded. Without bitterness. Resistant to cold snap, not susceptible to fusarium wilt. The taste is excellent. Yield from 1 square. m. - up to 3 kg.
Known early ripe varieties also include "Frigate F1", "Explorer F1", "Oliver F1" and others.
"Diamond". Ripens 120-130 days from the date of transplanting. Kochanchik densely and evenly "sitting" on a stalk, with a diameter of 3 cm. Color is dark green. The hybrid is easy to grow, has good productivity and resistance to diseases. Pleasant taste.
"Funny company". Matures no more than 140 days. The culture is medium tall, resistant to cold. Fruit weight 10-12 g, color green with a purple tinge, the structure is dense. Joint formation of the crop, about 2 kg per square meter. Well transported. High dietary properties.
"Garnet". Hybrid. It tolerates frosts up to 7 degrees below zero. Culture 60-70 cm high. On each, 30-40 small coaches of a rounded shape, dark maroon color are formed. Technical ripeness 120 days from transplanting. The stalks are cut down at the roots, the fruits on them stay fresh longer. From the square of the harvest area of one and a half to two kilograms.
«Casio». The variety is resistant to cold. From the Czech Republic. Fruits are dark green, round, weighing up to 11 g, with a diameter of 2-3 cm. On one bush up to 70 copies. To increase the size of the fruit at a plant height of 1 m remove the top of the plant. From shoots to technical maturity, 185 days pass. The taste is wonderful. From 1 square. m can collect 3 kg of vegetables. In Russia, grown since 1997.
By mid-season varieties include "Maximus F1" and "Dower Riesen."
It so happens that Brussels sprouts of late season are more popular with Russian gardeners. Some of them have been preserved since the times of the Soviet Union.
Since the 50s of the last century, a variety of cabbage "Hercules", bred by domestic breeders, has been grown.
Nowadays, mainly Hercules 1342 is grown. There are varieties from the UK with the same name. Maturing terms are 120-160 days. The bush is low, up to 60 cm. 20-30 oval fruits appear on the stem, each with a diameter of up to 5 cm and a mass of 10-14 g, of average density. Productivity from square meter to 600 g. The variety loves light and moisture, and is sufficiently resistant to cold snap. The taste is excellent. Nutritional properties are comparable to oatmeal. A lot of protein and vitamin C. Fruits are equally suitable for eating raw, preserving or freezing.
An interesting consumer variety is Brussels cabbage “Commander”. On a low bush matures up to 40 moderately dense kachanchik excellent taste with dietary characteristics.The diameter of each 2-4 cm, weight from 8 to 14 g. Maturing time 110-125 days after determining the seedlings in the ground. On 1 square. m can shoot up to 2 kg or more. Cabbage Brussels "Commander" perfectly frozen, suitable for home cooking. Contains a lot of multivitamins.
The description of the Brussels sprouts “Grüniger” (or Groninger), a new variety for Russia, can be started with the unusual green-orange color of ripe kochanchikov. Vegetable is excellent for stewing and boiling, after which an exceptionally tender and juicy taste is obtained. The growth period lasts up to 170 days, after which up to 80 coaches are removed from the bush, each weighing 15-18 g, around 4 cm in circumference. The variety is cold-resistant, while “freezing” by frost the taste improves.
According to the "vitamin" stock, it is in no way inferior even to such types of cabbage as Kohlrabi or broccoli. Contains a lot of potassium, magnesium and iron.
The hybrid cabbage from Holland with the unusual name "Boxer" our gardeners noticed, too. It has been allowed in the country since 1993. The variety matures up to 140 days. Tolerate frosts. Resistant to diseases. Reaches a height of 70 cm. Cobers are medium in size, green, tasty. Yields of 1.5 or slightly more than a kilogram per square meter.
Popular varieties are: "Curl", "Sapphire", "Bunch of Grapes", "Sand", "Citadel" and many others.
Different types of Brussels sprouts that do not require special care, many of whose “representatives” are frost resistant, are excellent for growing on the territory of our country. Depending on the climate, you can pick up a variety that will take root in a certain area and will give a good harvest. The dietary properties, the mass of vitamins that are stored in the frozen product, will become an invaluable additive to the winter diet when other fresh vegetables have already run out.
Brussels sprouts from Belgium are native, from where this plant has spread to Holland, Germany and France, as well as to other countries of Western Europe.
This type of cabbage has a high nutrient content and good taste. Dense small coaches of Brussels sprouts are used in the preparation of the first and second courses, and they can also be pickled for the winter.
Features of the cultivation of Brussels sprouts
In order to get a good crop of coaches, the cultivation of Brussels sprouts should be carried out taking into account the exactingness of the crop to the soil and the place of growth. Cabbage seedlings are planted in fertile loam with a neutral or low acidity pH. For cultivation of Brussels sprouts a well-lit place is diverted, because due to lack of light, heads of cabbage on the stem do not have time to form and gain mass.
This type of cabbage should be planted after root vegetables, legumes, early tomatoes and pumpkin crops. In order to prevent many diseases and especially keels, Brussels sprouts are not recommended to be planted after crucifers.
Brussels sprouts: description and main characteristics
Brussels sprouts - artificially derived culture. Her closest relatives:
At home, this type of cabbage is called "rosenkol", that is, cabbage-rose.
Fruits from Brussels sprouts are located below the main leaves
For the first time, this type of cabbage was described scientifically by Swedish naturalist Karl Linney. He also came up with a name for it in honor of the vegetable growers from Brussels, who brought this plant out of the cabbage. From Belgium, vegetable culture has spread throughout Western Europe. Russia met it in the middle of the 19th century, but Brussels sprouts did not receive wide distribution at that time. And now this vegetable is not very popular among gardeners: it is more efficient to grow vast areas of white cabbage, because the miniature fruits of Brussels do not give a great economic effect.
The main supplier of Brussels sprouts is currently Holland. The main modern varieties were also bred there.Russian breeders can also boast a whole series of varieties - with a shorter growing season and resistance to cold.
Fruits of Brussels sprouts are not cabbages, but coaches only.
Brussels sprouts look very different from other types of cabbage. In shape, it resembles a small palm. On a thick stem with a height of 20–60 cm long-leaf leaves of medium size are placed. At the top, they create an outlet. Fruits have the form of a small head of cabbage the size of a walnut, they are formed in the leaf axils in the first year. From one plant, you can get from 40 to 60 such coaches. In the second year, the plant blooms and produces seeds.
Brussels sprouts have an unusual appearance
The value of brussels sprouts
This type of cabbage is valuable high content of nutrients. Brussels sprouts are especially abundant in group B vitamins. In addition, it contains vitamins: A, C, F, as well as E, K, PP.
Macronutrients (per 100 g):
- potassium - 389 mg,
- calcium - 42 mg,
- magnesium - 23 mg,
- sodium - 25 mg,
- phosphorus - 69 mg.
Trace elements (per 100 g):
- iron - 1.4 mg,
- manganese - 0.337 mg,
- copper - 70 mcg,
- selenium - 1.6 mcg
- Zinc - 0.42 mg.
Vegetable has many beneficial properties:
- Brussels sprouts help to stay young, because it contains a rich antioxidant composition.
- Easily absorbed iron prevents anemia in children and pregnant women.
- Brussels sprouts strengthen the immune system.
- Vitamin A improves vision.
- The high protein content with low calorie content makes cabbage especially useful for weight loss.
- Vegetable helps to normalize cholesterol levels.
- High fiber content is good for the digestive system.
Brussels Sprouts - A Healthy Dietary Product
Contraindications Brussels Sprouts
It is undesirable to use this type of cabbage for gout. This is due to the significant content of purines in it, which contribute to the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints and kidneys - the main cause of gouty arthritis. When gastritis, bloating (flatulence), weakening the function of the pancreas, increasing the acidity level, the use of Brussels sprouts is also not recommended.
Comparing Brussels Sprouts with Other Cabbage
Compared to white cabbage, Brussels sprouts are more nutritious. It contains 3-5% protein, which is 2 times more than in other types of cabbage. Doctors equate broth from Brussels sprouts for health benefits to chicken. Carbohydrates in it is less than 2 times than in white. Vitamin composition Brussels sprouts can compete with kohlrabi and broccoli.
In Belgium, they joke that children are found in Brussels sprouts
Calorie Brussels sprouts - only 43 kcal per 100 g
From the diet Kochanch perfectly get the first and second courses:
- light soups
- vegetable stew,
- tender casseroles.
For long-term storage, they are pre-blanched and frozen. And the most useful cooking method is steaming.
The most useful cooking method is steaming.
In England, Brussels sprouts are traditionally served at Christmas as a side dish to the Christmas goose.
Main genus: Brussels sprouts
Description of the plant:
Brussel sprouts 'Rosella' is a selection variety of the German company 'Substitution Mauser Quedlinburg'. Approved for use throughout the Russian Federation in 1995.
The variety has a relatively friendly crop formation.
Size and shape of growth:
Plant height from medium to high. The lamina is rather large, concave, dark green. Bubbly weak or medium, waxy coating insignificant, edges curved. Anthocyanin coloration is very weak or negligible.
Size, shape and color:
Cob medium-sized, narrowly ovoid, green. Density is satisfactory. Average weight is 13 g.
The grade is characterized by satisfactory tastes.
Maturation and yield:
Brussels sprouts 'Rosella' refers to medium early varieties. The period from sowing seeds to the onset of technical ripeness is 160 days. Commodity yields of roaches 1.1–1.7 kg / m 2.
Methods of use:
It is recommended for fresh consumption and processing.
Other varieties "Brussels sprouts"
"> Brussels sprouts 'Boxer F1'
"> Brussels Sprouts 'Hercules'
"> Brussels sprouts 'Dolmic F1'
"> Brussels Sprouts 'Curl'
"> Brussels sprouts 'Casio'
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Types and varieties of Brussels sprouts
When choosing a variety, it is important to consider such characteristics as:
- Maturation term. For ripening the plant takes at least 130 days. The east of the planting zone, the more reasons to plant a precocious variety.
- Productivity The variety Hercules, which we know more than others, gives an average of about 40 coaches. New hybrid varieties are more productive.
- The presence of nutrients. In modern hybrids, protein and minerals contain more.
In terms of ripening Brussels sprouts are:
Early varieties yield a crop in 120-150 days. Mid-season cabbage ripens for 150-180 days. And the latest varieties will delight you with a harvest in 180-200 days.
Individual varieties and their hybrids are grown in vegetable gardens. Brussels sprouts are also distinguished by the height of the stem. It is believed that low and medium-sized varieties ripen faster and allow you to use the technique to collect the ripened fruit. The shape, size, color and number of heads matter. Gardeners pay attention to taste and resistance to disease, unpretentiousness in cultivation.
The unpretentiousness of Brussels sprouts manifests itself:
- in frost resistance
- immunity to disease
- low requirements for selection and moisture of the soil for cultivation.
Cold-resistant variants include Dutch hybrids:
- Franklin F1.
- Diablo F1.
Another advantage is resistance to fusarium.
Also resistant to frost and diseases domestic varieties:
- Funny company.
- Garnet bracelet.
- Hybrid bracelet tolerates cooling to 8 ° C.
- Cold-resistant breeding Boxer F1, Sanda (resistant to mucous bacteriosis).
- Koranchiki Garnet when cooling free up.
- American selection Long Island is immune to spring frosts and fungal infections.
- The F1 Diamond Hybrid is resistant to many diseases, except powdery mildew and rust.
- Hybrid Dallik received high resistance to keel.
Frankly bad varieties of brussels sprouts do not exist. The culture was not particularly popular due to the relatively low yield compared with any other varieties of cabbage. However, when there was a tendency to keep vitamin vegetables in the freezer, interest in Brussels sprouts increased: compact cabbages are more convenient in freezing.
In addition, the nutritional value of small forks is much higher compared to other vegetable varieties. There are rare varieties for our sites that are more actively cultivated in other parts of the world, such as the Japanese selection Nagaoka Cross (Jade Cross). Some growers complain that hybrid varieties are less tasty, but at the genetic level they are better protected from diseases and pests.
- Franklin F1 hybrids and F1 Brilliant, German variety Rosella, domestic Merry company are famous for their excellent taste.
- Hybrid Pomegranate bracelet F1 has an excellent taste and dietary characteristics.
- It is worth trying the offer of Russian breeders - the Komandor variety.
- Especially popular is the taste of Brussels sprouts Sapphire.
- Purple-red forks of Falstaff variety have especially tender taste.
In terms of ripening, the following vegetable varieties are offered:
- Early maturing (130-150 days): high-yielding Prezes F1, popular Hercules, American Long Island, German hybrid Rosella F1.
Choose the grade is depending on the degree of maturity - In cold regions it is inappropriate to grow late varieties of Brussels sprouts.
Matters the method of preparation or preparation of vitamin Kochanchikov. For freezing better suit forks:
Merry company is perfect for pickling, cooking. Sanda is good in fresh and fermented form. The peculiarity of the Hercules variety is the yield extension of the crop..
Names, description and photo of species
Kochchiki average German hybrid German breeding ripen simultaneously. Harvest can be harvested at 160-165 days after sowing. It is characterized by a tall stem with large, blistering leaves of dark green color, slightly covered with a waxy coating. Light green rounded oblong forks of the same size, with an average weight of 13 g. The structure of the cabins is medium-dense, with a pleasant taste. On one stalk grows up to 45 pieces.
Maturation is friendly, the yield is 11-17 kg / 10 m2. When frozen, the variety does not lose its taste and keeps the structure. Rich in vitamin C and folic acid.
Late Sapphire is suitable for growing in areas with early spring and long autumn. High-yield and disease-resistant variety. On the stalk grow 45-60 dense forks 3-5 cm in diameter. The weight of round coaches varies from 8 to 14 g. The weight of the stem with fruits can reach 800 g. Thick and hard forks of rich green color are to be collected. Productivity - 2.5 kg / 1 m2. It has a wonderful taste.
Czech variety of Brussels sprout medium ripeness. The height of the stems is 110-125 cm. The forks are blue-green in color, small, dense structure. On the stem grows 60-70 pieces. The variety is famous for its excellent taste. The nutty flavor of fresh cabbage sounds great in vegetable salads. Suitable for heat treatment. Maturation is stretched. High yield - 2-3 kg / m2.
Domestic Hercules 1342 refers to varieties of early ripeness. The harvest of 30-40 coaches from the stem is ready for harvest 140-150 days after sowing. The total weight of the plant with fruits reaches 300 g, and the stem grows to half a meter. Due to frost resistance, the crop of crop growers from the beds of one of the last, in November.
Oval-shaped forks, dark green, weighing about 10 g. A cone is formed on the stem downwards. The structure of the roaches heterogeneous, corrugated leaves give looseness. The crop is stretched, ripened forks are removed separately. Perfect for providing a table with fresh vitamins for a long time. Productivity reaches 2-2.4 kg / m2.
There are no particular difficulties in growing a culture. It is worth considering that some varieties are less resistant to diseases, so they should not be planted after plants that suffer from the same lesions and infections. Observing the requirements for the selection of soil and fertilizers, as well as the irrigation regime, it is quite simple to grow Brussels sprouts.
For the northern regions, where cold weather occurs earlier, choose early and medium ripening varieties in order to have time to harvest.
Brussels sprouts - a spectacular and useful alternative to traditional varieties of leafy vegetables. Choosing the right variety and suitable care will provide you with a vitamin harvest..
In outskirts of Moscow
The best varieties of Brussels sprouts for the Moscow region are Hercules, Perfection and Boxer hybrid. These are medium late varieties, they are not afraid of negative temperatures, which helps hybrids to ripen and form a crop.
The best varieties of Brussels sprouts in the Moscow region showed Hercules, Perfection and Boxer (F1)
In the middle lane
For the middle band is most suitable Czech grade Curl. Finished fruits can be collected after 160 days. The variety is very productive.In addition, Casio and Dolmic (F1) varieties performed well.
Brussels sprouts come in different colors: green, light, blue-green and even red. Red color gives the plant a high content of anthocyanins.
In the Urals and in Siberia
The vegetation period in Brussels sprouts is delayed for 160–180 days; therefore, only transplanting is possible in Siberia and the Urals. To plant seedlings in open ground should be in early June. The best variety for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals is considered to be the Dolmic variety (F1). Besides him, you can plant middle-ripening varieties Perfection, Boxer, Zimushka and Diablo.
Some varieties of Brussels sprouts are not afraid of low temperatures
Reviews gardeners about growing brussels sprouts
If you try to cook in your kitchen this wonderful stranger, called in the old recipes beautiful rosenkol name, then you will surely fall in love with her. Indeed, when cooked, Brussels sprouts acquire a delicate mushroom flavor. And if you do not have gout, heartburn and flatulence - this is your product!
My name is Natalya. By profession I am a teacher of Russian language and literature.
Brussels Sprouts: Growing and Leaving Climate-dependent
The climate of our country is rather complicated for the cultivation of certain crops. In contrast to Europe with the Gulf Stream and mild winters extending the growing season of many vegetables, cultivation of Brussels sprouts in the Urals limited to seasonal frames and serious temperature changes. Too early transshipment to the ground is not justified, because under the influence of strong return frosts killed the most seasoned Brussels sprouts. Her growing in Siberia relevant only through seedlings planted at nearly two months in the first 15 days of May.
Brussels sprouts growing and care photo
Growing brussels sprouts in the suburbs It has its own characteristics: it is necessary to choose early or early-medium varieties, which have time to give the harvest for the season, and the gradual collection of coaches to coincide with the middle of October. For example, the well-known variety “Hercules 1342” is Brussels sprouts regionalized for this area. Its cultivation and care in the suburbs are engaged in genuine gardening enthusiasts, seeking to place in the dacha most of the famous garden plants.
Cultivation of Brussels sprouts from sowing to harvest
If you previously planted a beautiful white-haired beauty in your garden, then you can cope with Brussels. In addition to new experience in planting an interesting plant to collect a decent harvest, and not to waste time on fighting cabbage diseases and pests, it is worth learning a few simple rules. One of them is the mandatory observance of the process of crop rotation (planting shifts). Return any kind of cabbage to where it grew in 4-5 years. The annual use of one corner of the garden for cabbage crops will lead to depletion of the soil, the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria and viruses, and as a result - the outbreak of diseases, poor plant growth, low yields.
- Sow seeds need at the end of March, can be in containers on the windowsill or in the greenhouse.
- Agrotechnika growing seedlings is simple: rare abundant watering, protection from pests (it is necessary to process in a timely manner, as the cruciferous flea can destroy all shoots within 24 hours). It is best to pererahovatsya, patting the seeds before sowing with a special compound (for example, "Prestige" - 1 cube per half liter of water). Next, simply weed the plants, so that they do not stretch. No picking required!
- Planted in the ground can be at a height of 10 cm seedlings. She will already have 4-5 true leaves, by this time the roots are quite developed.
Popular and simple about Brussels sprouts, its cultivation and care on video:
How to hit the neighbors in the cottage with a good harvest of Brussels sprouts? Agrotechnical cultivation of this species is similar to the white one:
- A well-drained, deeply cultivated land is needed, the best option is loam types.
- When planting, it is necessary to exclude not rotten organic fertilizers, and then - irrigate with fermented herbal extract, because with direct ingress of fresh organic cabbage is able to accumulate a large amount of nitrates.
- During the growing season, if the soil was well prepared in advance, you can do without extra dressing, or arrange “nutritional days”. A decade after transplanting, nitrogen fertilizers should be applied, and when setting up kochanchik, it is necessary to focus on the phosphorus and potassium required during this period. Experts recommend using only mineral fertilizers.
Brussels sprouts growing from seed when planted
Brussels sprouts cultivation and care in the open field
The longest ripening cabbage is Brussels sprout. Growing seedlings from seeds is the only way to get results in our weather conditions.
- You can sow at the end of Marchas soon as the ground ripens, the cabbage is not afraid of frosts and is well undergoing a cold snap, frosts down to -3 ° C.
- A depth of 1 cm is enough. The distance between the rows is 10-12 cm.
- Water plentifully and cover with foil. Shoots appear after about 7-10 days.
- It is important to protect the seeds by dressing them from a cruciferous flea or spilling the preparation directly in rows.
- Further, the care is quite simple: water once a week, and weed weeds.
- As soon as the seedlings rise a little, tear through the thick crops, leaving 1 plant of 5 cm each.
Brussels sprouts sow in rows to seedlings
With a plant height of 10-15 cm, they are planted in the holes in a permanent place. Before disembarking the hole, it is advisable to shed water and pour a couple of guests of loose humus.
Growing seedlings of Brussels sprouts at home
Since it takes almost half a year from planting, the emergence of the first shoots to ripening and the moment of harvesting, this variety of cabbage is sown with seeds and grown through seedlings. To get a strong, strong seedling material you must:
- choose the best variety that meets the gardener's preferences for the parameters: ripening time, taste, size range, color palette of leaves (this criterion is important when creating a decorative garden)
- mix the soil substrate from acidic peat, humus, earth, sand and wood ash (it is necessary to sift it). Garden soil is less suitable for seedlings of Brussels sprouts. Its cultivation in garden soil without additional disinfection (calcination) can lead to rotten seedlings, the spread of disease among transplants, and then to yield loss.
- follow the general rules of planting all cabbage species, observe the necessary distances (5 cm per sapling in diameter) and planting depth (1 cm).
- to provide the desired mode of irrigation and light: if the temperature in the apartment is sufficient for the development of cabbage, then the light must be ensured to the maximum. Daylight should be at least 12 hours, and the illumination is intense. Therefore, choose window sills on the sunny side. We water rarely, but plentifully. Do not forget about the drainage: in the bottom of our container must have holes.
- Maintain the required temperature: keep the seedlings warm on the windowsill during the daytime, send the beauty to the glazed loggia for the night. So the necessary mode will be observed, and the plants will be hardened.
- fertilize with fertilizer solution. It is better to use liquid fertilizer, diluted with water in proportion, intended for seedlings. This information is usually indicated on packages.
Brussels sprouts are very easy to grow at home.
How do moon phases influence the Brussels cabbage planting when grown from seed? When to plant seeds for seedlings? Any vegetables with ground edible part is recommended to be planted on the "growing" moon. The optimal period is the end of March, the first decade of April.In a separate peat containers lay out a light, loose substrate. The earth is slightly compacted, 3-4 seeds are planted into the hole at a short distance, sprinkled with a layer of earth up to 2 cm. It is not necessary to pull the stalks out of the soil - the root system of the selected specimen is damaged.
Brussels sprouts: cultivation and care. Photos of plants in different periods of the growing season
Planted Brussels sprouts in rows at a distance of 40-50 cm in a row, 60-70 cm between rows
Growing seedlings of Brussels sprouts at home provides for maintaining low temperature conditions, which is problematic in a warm apartment. Moreover, it is difficult to ensure a significant decrease in temperature at night. Experts recommend placing racks with boxes on glazed loggias, where the air is optimally cool. If necessary, it is convenient to throw nonwoven fabric on rigid structures in order not to “freeze” tender shoots. The best temperature for Brussels sprouts, its seedlings when grown - from 12-15 in the afternoon to 8-10 at night.
But the planted seedlings of Brussels sprouts grew a little
Plants prepared for planting at the age of 30-45 days (when they release 4-7 true leaves) are determined into the soil. When transferring seedlings, it is necessary to compact the soil at the plant stems in order to prevent it from turning out of the ground.
Brussels sprouts, its cultivation in the open field is a garden experiment, when there is a desire to try something different, and not be content with traditional white cabbage. It is suitable for gardeners who are not going to cultivate vegetables on an industrial scale.
Growing Brussels sprouts from sowing to harvest is no different from growing white cabbage
In a small area it is easy to maintain cleanliness, remove weeds, irrigate, feed if necessary, and spray pests with infusions of bitter pepper, garlic, tomato tops. In order to preserve the moisture and looseness of the earth, a layer of mulching materials should be laid out under the plants (mowed dried grass, large leaves, broken side leaves of the cabbage itself can be laid). At the initial stages of the development of cabbage, it is permissible to treat with strong preparations that will have time to go through a period of decomposition before ripening.
Brussels sprouts: the secrets of growing simple
See the lesson on growing Brussels sprouts in the open field on the video:
Brussels Sprouts: Secrets to Growing
This favorite of European cooks, a culture that has a prolonged period of return of the crop, allows you to prepare dishes from freshly-removed vegetables for several months. To get a result that can be proud of, the cultivation of Brussels sprouts at home should be carried out with the knowledge of some subtleties:
- This species has a strong, voluminous root system, and therefore requires enough space around it. When compacted beds, shading gives a much smaller crop, develops worse. Therefore, it will be better to withstand a step of 60-70 cm between copies if you have enough land. If a small area is set aside for this type of cabbage, it is better to plant several plants selected for varietal characteristics and get a decent result than trying to fit two dozen sprouts on one meter that will be suitable only for composting.
- It develops successfully after root crops (carrots, potatoes), loves in its predecessors siderata, onions, legumes.
- You should not plant Brussels sprouts where any cruciferous family grew last summer.
- The soil must be deeply dug up in autumn with the obligatory addition of fertilizers, ash and lime, and then easily processed in spring.Spending liming is worth it, because the “Brussels guest” loves calcium, and the process itself deoxidizes the soil, increases the percentage of potassium and phosphorus assimilation, increases the effect of fertilizers.
- Vegetable does not need hilling. The maximum that may be required is a slight loosening of the soil, since even at the base of the stem small cabbage heads are poured.
- In late varieties, after calculating the 30-day period before harvesting, they pinch the growing points and cut the top leaves to speed up ripening.
Brussels sprouts Franklin F1 grade
Strong, productive plants form commodity coaches in the early periods, the waiting period for the crop is 150–160 days. The leaves are medium or large, green with a slight bluish bloom, blistered, sitting on small petioles. The rounded out cabbies, rather large, up to 70 pieces, are densely located on the stem, the total weight reaches 1 kg. The taste is excellent.
The cabbage is resistant to cooling, almost immune to fusarium wilt, the harvests of selected kochanchik stable and high - up to 28 kg from 10 square meters. m
Brussels Sprouts Long Island
Unpretentious reliable variety of American breeding falls into the early category, tolerates spring frosts well. Stem short, strong, covered with medium-sized blistering leaves with a faint wax coating. Cots of a round form, green color, dense structure. On the stem, 50–80 small forks are formed, each weighing 11–12 g. The total weight reaches 0.8 kg. Tastes excellent.
Plants are resistant, slightly affected by fungal infections, the total yield is about 8-12 kg per 10 square meters. m
Brussels sprouts grade Rosella F1
Planting of a medium-early hybrid of German selection is distinguished by simultaneous maturation at 160–165 days after sowing. The stem is tall, covered with large, moderately blistering leaves of dark green color, the leaf plates are concave inward, the edges are curved. The wax coating is insignificant.
Cots are one-dimensional, weighing about 13 g, rounded, slightly elongated, light green in color. The structure of the forks is moderately dense, the taste is good. Harvests are regular, are formed in unison and reach 11-17 kg from 10 square meters. m. Vegetables are suitable for freezing, during which they do not lose their taste and structure.
Brussels Sprouts Variety Merry Company
Bright variety ripens in 160-170 days after the emergence of full shoots. Stems of medium height, require a garter. Kotschiki are small, rounded elongated, greenish-purple in color, weighing 10–12 g, densely located in the axils of the leaves, up to 60 forks are formed on a single plant. Total weight - about 0.6 kg. The internal structure is moderately dense, taste is good.
The variety has an attractive appearance, excellent yield, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes and marinades, well preserves properties when frozen. Crops reach 24 kg from 10 sq. M. m
F1 garnet bracelet
Brussels sprouts grade F1 Garnet bracelet
Yield resistant hybrid is characterized by colorful purple cabbage, suitable for removal within 120-125 days after transplanting. Purple-violet blistering leaves slightly covered with a waxy coating, without waviness, densely planted on short petioles. Cots are rounded, dense purple, formed on one stem of 30-40 pieces, with a total weight of 0.4-0.5 kg.
Unpretentious plants withstand frost, form stable yields up to 15–20 kg per 10 sq. M. m. Delicious dense forks are characterized by a spicy taste and appetizing look in dishes.
Brussels sprouts grade Hercules
The most common variety of Brussels sprouts in domestic breeding is suitable for picking at 145–160 days after germination. Stems of medium height - up to 45–60 cm. Oval dark green coaches weighing about 10 g grow on the stem of 20–30 pieces, forming an extended cone downwards.The internal structure is loose, due to the corrugation of the leaves. Total weight 0.2–0.3 kg.
The extension of the yield yield allows for a long time to obtain a fresh vitamin product, for which dense plugs are removed as they mature. Plants are cold-resistant and poorly affected by fungal infections, yields are 20-24 kg with 10 square meters. m
Late ripening varieties and hybrids
Brussels sprouts Sanda variety
The variety belongs to the mid-late category - the waiting period is about 170-175 days. For better maturation, two weeks before harvesting, the central stem is shortened. The cabbages are round, greenish-white, 3–4 cm in diameter, weighing 12–15 g, 20–40 pieces per stalk are formed, and the total weight reaches 0.3–0.6 kg.
Taste dense forks excellent, yields are about 20 kg from 10 square meters. m, suitable for freezing, fresh consumption and pickling.
One of the best varieties of late-ripening Brussels sprout brought Czech breeders. The waiting period for harvest is 170–180 days from the moment of emergence. Stalks are strong, up to 90 cm in height. One-dimensional, light, beautiful, rounded cabbies, weighing 10–15 g, form 50–70 pieces on a single stalk, very tasty.
Getting a ripe crop is possible with early planting of seedlings, and with the onset of cold weather, cabbage plants are dropped in the basement, collecting fresh little forks before the onset of winter. Crops reach 20 kg from 10 sq. M. m
Brussels sprouts variety Commodore
A mid-late cultivar of an extended fruiting period is harvested 4–5 months after planting a two-month-old seedling. Stems of medium height form 20–40 rounded green coaches weighing 10–14 g. The total weight is up to 0.55–0.6 kg. Remove the plug as it closes and reaches the desired density. The taste and nutritional properties of the variety are excellent.
Total yields are up to 23 kg with 10 square meters. m. The use of universal - tight kochanchiki great for salads, original side dishes, hot dishes, freezing.
Cold-resistant Brussels sprout can withstand frosts up to 7 ° C, and during the formation of the crop withstand short-term frosts to ‒10 ° C. At the same time, pinching the stem reduces frost resistance. Due to the presence of minerals, in particular, a large amount of magnesium, cabbage culture is especially useful for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Tight kochanchiki not cook for a long time - it significantly impairs taste and reduces nutritional value. It is best to use a valuable vegetable with minimal heat treatment - in fresh and fermented form, in marinades, diet puree and flavored casseroles.
Brussels sprouts have a thick stalk with a height of 30 to 70 cm, carrying spirally arranged sparse long-leaf leaves, in the axils of which, by autumn, they are small in size (2–6 cm in diameter) and weighs up to 40–60 pieces. On the stem, they sit quite tightly to each other, but the lower ones are much larger than the upper ones, so the impression of a cone-shaped plant is created. The leaves are green, rarely purple with a weak or medium wax coating.
In a ripe state, Brussels sprouts resemble either pyramids or palm trees.
Brussels sprouts have excellent taste, the ability to tolerate frost up to -10 ° C without damage and to retain the original qualities for a long time. Small, but dense coaches are convenient for canning and marinating in cans of any capacity, as well as for serving dishes.
High taste and nutritional qualities are due to the high protein content (up to 6.5%), which is not inferior to the protein of meat and milk by a set of amino acids. The content of vitamins and minerals Brussels sprouts far exceeds other types of cabbage.
This culture is low-calorie, which is useful for those who follow a diet. Negative qualities: it is low-yielding, demanding of highly nourishing soils with moderate constant humidity.
This cabbage is most popular in Western Europe, especially in Holland and the UK. In Russia, it is grown relatively little, and in amateur gardens, it is very rare.
Popular varieties of Brussels sprouts
A couple of decades ago it was possible to say that there are few varieties of this variety of cabbage, and there are no early ones among them. Times have changed, and through the efforts of breeders, varieties and hybrids of Brussels sprouts have been developed, differing in terms of ripening and consumer properties.
Between varieties and hybrids it is better to choose hybrid options: they are more protected from diseases and pests. Most varieties are bred in Holland and Germany, but there is cabbage and Russian selection.
Late and middle late varieties
In Russia, most often planted rather late varieties, known since the last century:
- since the 1950s The variety Hercules, bred at the All-Russian Research Institute for Selection and Seed-Growing of Vegetable Crops, is grown. From the emergence of seedlings to the beginning of the harvest, Hercules takes 5 months. The total plant height can be from 40 to 70 cm. There are several varieties of the variety. At present, the most popular is Hercules 1342, its bush is low, up to 60 cm. On the stem it grows up to 30 oval chants with a diameter of 5 cm and a weight of about 12 g each. Leaves are green or gray-green. The yield is low, but the variety is famous for its excellent taste, they consume fruits both in processed and fresh form, they are distinguished by a high content of ascorbic acid,
- about the same period of ripening in Brussels cabbage Commander, on a small stalk grows up to 40 dense coaches of very good taste with a diameter of not more than 4 cm. The total yield is slightly higher than Hercules. Consume cabbage mainly after cooking. Well maintains freezing, without losing food quality, the content of vitamins is balanced,
- The late Czech ripening variety Curl is one of the best for growing in the middle lane, but it is planted in many regions of Russia, as well as in the neighboring republics. From germination to harvesting takes from 160 to 190 days. The plant is very tall: the stem does not reach as much as 1 m. It grows up to 30–35 large dense coaches with a diameter of about 6 cm and weighing up to 15 g, their shape is both round and oval. The total yield reaches about 2.5 kg / m 2, which is a lot for Brussels sprouts. The leaves are green with a gray tint, inside the fruit is yellow-green. High yields require higher doses of fertilizer and water. The product has a universal purpose: it is used both in raw form and in the form of various dishes, suitable for canning and long-term storage,
- Dutch hybrid Boxer F1 - medium late, matures in 5 months. It has been cultivated in Russia since the mid-1990s. Suitable for all regions, including the Urals and Siberia. Possesses the increased resistance to frosts, and also diseases and wreckers. Plant height up to 70 cm, the leaves are green or blue-green, with a strong wax coating. Green coaches are round or oval, medium-sized, dense, low yields. Tastes of the product are characterized as good, universal purpose, long stored,
- excellent taste has cabbage varieties Perfekshn. This is one of the best mid-late varieties for the middle belt and the Siberian region. Variety of universal appointment, high-yielding. Bush compact, strong. Fruits are small, rounded oval. Productivity is high. The variety is frost resistant, disease resistant,
- The Czech variety Casio has been cultivated in our country since the end of the twentieth century, it has increased frost resistance, the growing season is almost 6 months. Leaves are green, bubbly, with a small wax coating. The cabbies are small, no larger than 2–3 cm, dense, green with a blue tint, there can be up to 80 of them on one stalk up to 1 m high.Productivity is not bad, up to 3 kg with 1 m 2. The taste is excellent, the appointment is universal, well kept,
- The rather new variety Grüninger is distinguished by the unusual orange-green coloring of ripe coaches. Ripening later, the yield is high, since up to 80 relatively large fruits are laid on each plant. Used mainly after cooking: the taste of ready-made dishes is characterized as gorgeous and delicate. Consumer qualities are somewhat improved after small frosts,
- The late Russian variety Sapphire bears small coaches with a size of 2–4 cm round shape and average density. Since there are no more than 30 of them on each plant, the total yield is low. The variety is famous for its excellent taste and dietary properties. It is recommended for cooking various side dishes and soups, and for fresh consumption, suitable for canning,
- Sanda variety belongs to the group of late. The stem grows to 1 m, bears on itself about 40 medium-sized green cabins. They are dense, round in shape, weighing from 10 to 15 g. The variety has a very long shelf life, taste does not spoil from freezing. Resistant to various diseases and extreme cold.
Truly early varieties of Brussels sprouts do not. The vegetation period for a culture is large: first, a powerful stem must grow, then numerous coaches are tied up on it. Even varieties that are considered early require at least 5 months of harvest time;:
- Dolmic F1 - one of the best early hybrids, bred in Holland. In Russia, known since 1994. The height is relatively small, just over 0.5 m. The leaves are from gray to gray-green, slightly concave, bubbly, wax coating is medium. Fruits are green or light green in color, relatively large, weighing from 15 g. The yield is above average. The hybrid is especially popular in the Urals and Siberia,
- The Germanic variety Rosella is considered to be medium-sized, the roaches are cut 160 days after the emergence of the plants. Each plant has about 50 pieces, the size is medium, the shape is from round to oval, the color is blue-green. The length of the stem reaches 90 cm. The yield and taste are average. The advantages of the variety are the simultaneous maturation of all the cabbage on the plant and their good preservation,
- Mid-season Dutch frost-resistant hybrid Diablo F1 bears the fruits of medium-sized emerald color. Their total weight on one plant can reach up to 1 kg, the number - up to 55–60 pieces. Resistant to fusarium. Productivity is good, does not depend on the climatic zone. The harvest is capable to be stored for a long time, it is used in different types.
How to plant Brussels sprouts
Agrotechnics of Brussels sprouts are similar to late varieties of white cabbage. The best soils are fertile loams. She most of all loves organic fertilizers applied under the autumn digging. Even more correct option - their introduction when growing previous crops.
It is undesirable to make fresh manure immediately before planting, during the spring preparation of the ridges. This leads to a decrease in crop quality.
Since the growing season in Brussels sprouts is long, always, except for the southernmost regions, it is required to grow seedlings, which are usually carried out in greenhouse conditions. Growing quality seedlings in an apartment is difficult: she does not like the high temperature and needs a lot of sunlight.
Do I need to soak the seeds of Brussels sprouts
In some manuals you can read that the seeds of the Brussels sprouts must be soaked, otherwise they will sprout for a long time. Seeing such lines, he immediately overcomes, as the hero of one of the famous comedies used to say, “vague doubt” in the author’s qualifications. Yes, sometimes cabbage seeds are soaked, but this has nothing to do with the desire to get quick shoots.The seeds of the Brussels sprouts, like any other, if they are not only very overdue, sprout well after a few days when sown dry even at a low positive temperature. A “wet” treatment of cabbage seeds, if needed, for other purposes.
It is unlikely that you will have Brussels sprouts seeds of unknown origin from somewhere. No one here specifically grows them in his garden: cabbage is a two-year plant, and gives seeds in the second year. The Russian gardener, if he planted this crop in his plot, he would eat the whole crop, and next year he would simply buy seeds in the store.
If there is any doubt, you can walk in a full circle. Some lovers who have plenty of free time, even cabbage seeds are soaked in water for several days. True, it is unknown whether they emerge after this. Many disinfect seeds in hot water or potassium permanganate solution. Here this operation is useful if the seeds are not very worthy of the company. Soaking in fertilizer solutions (nitrophosphate, urea, boric acid) and even in growth stimulants is also described. Well, as they say, if there is an overwhelming desire ... You can read about the hardening of wet seeds in the refrigerator. But do not need this cabbage, it is not tomatoes, cabbage is a frost-resistant culture.
So: you can, of course, soak the seeds, but there is not much point in this. If this is done, seeds should be dried to flowability before sowing. But do not overdo it, and they will refuse to rise even because of excessive custody of them.
Growing seedlings at home
Although Brussels sprouts are an exceptionally cold-resistant crop, with the terms of sowing seeds for seedlings, it is necessary to determine, starting from the expected date of their planting in open ground. Since this can be done not earlier than May (focusing on the climate of the middle zone), and the seedlings should be about 35–45 days, it turns out that the time of sowing of seeds falls on the end of March or the beginning of April. In the southern regions, seedlings can begin to grow even earlier.
Of course, in the south one could sow the seeds immediately in open ground. Sometimes they do it, but this is not entirely advisable, since right away, already in March, one must have a large ready-made bed, where 2–3 seeds should be sown in the holes at distances of about 60–70 cm. It is more rational to use a small breeding ground (and, if necessary, a greenhouse), and then plant the cabbage at a permanent place, it is quite loyal to transplanting. In the middle lane, it is possible to sow in open ground no earlier than mid-April.
Like all types of cabbage, the Brussels variety when growing seedlings does not like excessive heat, but is demanding of lighting. Therefore, to grow good seedlings in a city apartment with hot batteries is almost impossible, it should be done in a greenhouse or greenhouse. Throughout life, a daytime temperature of 14–16 ° C is needed in a box or pots of seedlings, and at night it is only 8–10 ° C (it is lowered immediately after the emergence of seedlings). Sometimes they help out glazed balconies or loggias, but even there one must constantly monitor the temperature. But the light on the balcony, in contrast to the room, cabbage enough.
The leaves of young Brussels sprouts differ little from the leaves of other cabbage plants
You can sow the seeds at once in separate pots, it is better - peat, but it is better to sow in a common box, and then pick it in separate tanks. The box can be of any size, but the soil layer should be no less than 5–6 cm. It is better to take the Earth in water and air-permeable, for example, turf soil mixed with sand. If there is a good humus, it can also be added, and in the absence of it - at least wood ash. In regions rich in peat, soil mixtures are prepared based on it.
Step-by-step sowing process:
- In the box with the ground, grooves are designated at a distance of about 5–6 cm from each other, and sown prepared seeds are sown in them with an interval of 2.5–3 cm. The seeding depth is about 1 cm.
- Watered with settled water or a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate.
- It is better to cover the box with glass or transparent film after sowing, but if the room is not very dry, the seeds will sprout and so (in a week or less).
- Immediately you need to move the box to a bright cold place: for the first few days the temperature should not exceed 10 o C day and 6 o C - at night.
- Watering seedlings should be very moderate: the slightest stagnation of water threatens the most dangerous disease - black leg.
After 10–12 days, the first true leaflets will appear on the seedlings. Without waiting until they grow up, the seedlings need to pick out. For this you need pots of medium size, about 200 cm 3 in volume. You can even sit in a large common box, especially if the area in the apartment is limited.
When picking, cabbage seedlings are planted in separate containers
The picking is normal: we make holes in the cups with a sharp object like a pencil, carefully select the seedlings from the common box, in which we water them well a few hours before, lightly pinch the roots and lower the seedlings into the holes on the seed leaves. Compress the roots carefully with soil, water and put the seedlings in a warmer place (about 18–20 o C) for 2–3 days, shielding them from bright sunshine.
Within a few days, the seedlings will take root in the new place, and the temperature must be lowered again, and the light should be maximized. Caring for seedlings consists of periodic moderate irrigation and 1–2 dressings. Watering must be carefully, at the root, the easiest way - from a small kettle. A week after the picking and 7–10 days before planting the seedlings in the garden, add a small dose of complex mineral fertilizer to the irrigation water. Better - special for cabbage, you can something like azofoski. The rules are written on the package, it would be better to take them out a bit than to sort them out.
A week before planting, the seedlings are hardened by opening windows and doors or simply carrying out pots for some time in the fresh air. Ready seedlings should have no less than 4 and no more than 6 true leaves and be about 20 cm high.
Ready seedlings should have no less than 4 and no more than 6 true leaves and be about 20 cm tall
Planting Brussels sprouts in open ground
The beds, as for most vegetables, are best cooked in the fall, when it is much easier to do. Under digging it is necessary to make manure or compost (at least a bucket per 1 m 2), phosphate and potash fertilizers (30–40 g each) or a liter jar of wood ash. The best soil should have a slightly alkaline reaction, therefore, on acidic soils, it is necessary to preliminate using chalk or hydrated lime. In spring, the bed should only be loosened with a rake, repeated digging is not needed.
The most convenient plantation of Brussels sprouts is 70 x 60 cm. The landing technique is ordinary. We make deep holes, add fertilizers to them (one ash amount is enough), mix them with the ground and water. Planting seedlings, removing it from the pots, if possible with an earthy ball. If you have time to stretch out - we dive almost to the leaves, if the seedlings are of high quality - at the same level as they grew before transplanting.
When planting cabbage in the garden bed, it is desirable to keep the soil clod, and almost no growth stops.
Well watered, mulch dry earth or humus. If the bright sun is shining, cover for a couple of days with grass or paper caps.
Care for cabbage in open ground consists in loosening the soil, accompanied by a slight hilling of plants, as well as watering and dressing.
Watering, unlike growing seedlings, requires frequent and abundant. Stagnant water should not be, but it often does not happen: this cabbage consumes a lot of water, especially during growth. It is better to water under the root, but in hot weather it is also useful to sprinkle. After you need loosening, while the size of the plants allows. Weeds must be removed systematically.
Frequent feeding is not needed: it is enough for the whole summer to apply additional fertilizer only twice. The first time it should be done in 7-10 days after landing in the ground, using azofosku. Dose - about 0.5 tsp. on the plant (diluted in water and distributed among plants on moist soil). Half an hour later, water the bed again.
Azofoska is convenient because the three main nutrients are in the most convenient ratio
The second dressing is given at the beginning of the formation of coaches. At this point, no longer need a lot of nitrogen, so take on a bucket of water for 1 st. l azofoski, superphosphate and potassium sulfate: this is a little nitrogen, and potassium and phosphorus more. If the bed in the autumn was well-filled with organic matter, no more fertilizers are needed: with the slightest excess of them, the cabbage becomes flabby and tasteless.
A month before harvesting they pinch (cut off) the tops of the plants. This technique accelerates the maturation of the Cochans, increases the harvest. Brussels sprouts are harvested with the onset of the first autumn frosts, while retaining the leaves on the plants selected for winter storage, along with the cabbages. In this form, in the basement or in the cellar it is set obliquely in rows and sprinkled with sand, where it can be stored until February.
The middle zone of Russia is best suited for growing Brussels sprouts: there is almost no extreme heat (except for 2010), and the amount of rain makes it possible sometimes to do without irrigation. Everything written above mainly refers to the conditions of the middle band. Here the cabbage is cultivated exclusively through seedlings, which are trying to grow in greenhouses. Enthusiasts also sometimes try to sow seeds directly in the garden for a permanent place, but this should be done in mid-April, and the weather at this time is still unstable.
The Moscow region is part of Russia, which is considered to be the middle lane, but agricultural specialists often single it out on a separate line. The climate of the Moscow region is famous for its unpredictability, which, to some extent, is due to the high urbanization of the territory. In winter, there are severe frosts, and unexpected long thaws. This prevents the cultivation of certain crops, the roots of which react painfully to such alternation. However, this does not apply to cabbage.
It used to be thought that only one variety, Hercules, was zoned in the Moscow region, but now the choice of varieties is extremely large. However, it is better to plant not the latest varieties and hybrids. Brussels sprouts are grown in the Moscow region only through the seedling stage. Plants hardly spud. The upper bud is cut at the very beginning of autumn, and a month later the entire apex is removed. Harvesting is carried out in mid-October in several stages, cutting out the cabins as they mature.
It is believed that the climate in Siberia is harsh. But, first of all, Siberia is large, and the climate there is different. And secondly, the severity refers to the winter months, and in the summer in Krasnoyarsk it can be over 30 o C. But summer is rather short, this is precisely the main problem with growing Brussels sprouts, which should grow for about six months. Therefore it is necessary to choose the earliest varieties and, of course, grow them only through seedlings. Seeds in greenhouses are sown from late February to April, planted in open ground no earlier than mid-May. By this time, the February planting is already outgrowing, so they can be grown in greenhouses, under light cover.
In summer, the weather in the regions of the Urals is very reminiscent of the Siberian, so the cultivation of Brussels sprouts here is also limited in terms of timing and the correct selection of varieties. Sowing seeds in the greenhouse begin with the arrival of the calendar spring, at the very beginning of March. One of the suitable varieties for the Urals is Rosella, and the best is Dolmic F1. In addition, mid-ripening Perfection, Boxer and Diablo are popular. If at the end of the summer the apical bud is not removed on the cabbage, the harvest in the Urals may not be obtained: there is no autumn to fall, and strong cold may come too early.
In the southern regions of our country, such as the Kuban, Stavropol, Astrakhan region, Brussels sprouts can be planted with seeds directly into the open ground. This is possible already in the middle of March, and only those gardeners who do not want at this time to plow open large areas, first grow seedlings. Those who want to get products sow seeds early in the greenhouse even in winter. For the usual ripening period, you can sow the seeds in a small garden right in the garden in March, and by the May holidays plant cabbages in a regular pattern on a permanent place.
Here you can grow any varieties and hybrids, and failure can trap only in the case of too hot weather. It must be said bluntly that the southern climate is not very suitable for growing any kinds of cabbage; this vegetable does not like high temperature. But in most seasons in the Kuban still get good yields.
I just cut off the top. Now the cabbage will throw all the power to grow kochanchikov. They can be removed gradually, starting with the bottom largest. They are cut off, only closer to the stalk, otherwise they will crumble into leaves. I cook very tasty soups from them. If there are many, you can freeze. And if there is a cellar, then you can put it in it, when in October you will cut off the whole stalk with roaches. And use as needed. Wonderful cabbage!
From my personal experience, I can say that growing cabbage seedlings at home is practically unpromising, since it is very difficult for cabbage (as opposed to tomatoes and peppers) to create the necessary temperature regime. Easier to do it at their summer cottage. Here is my experience. The old barrel full of holes (without bottom) in the autumn, above half of its capacity, is stuffed with all sorts of waste - with branches, weeds (without seed plants), leaves, etc. From above - garden soil. In the spring, as soon as there is an opportunity to arrive at the dacha (usually in mid-April), I warm the water and spill the ground in a barrel with a dark pink hot solution of potassium permanganate and sow dry cabbage seeds — white and cauliflower. Cover with foil. When sprouts appear, I put something like arcs out of ordinary wire and, depending on the weather, apply covering materials of different densities from 17 to 40. The seedlings grow so much that they get to their neighbors, and even bring my colleagues to work. And after planting cabbage seedlings in the ground (in the middle - end of May), I grow bush squash or cucumbers in the same barrel. In the autumn in this barrel compost is ready, and everything starts all over again.
Most often we buy already frozen Brussels sprouts, but if you have to buy it on the market, then you need to know how to choose it. Pay attention to the top rosette of leaves (they are not eaten) on the stem. These leaves should not be withered and even more so yellow. This means that cabbage is overripe and of low quality. Carefully inspect the surface of the stem and the coaches themselves: they should not have dark spots of rot. The most tasty will be cabbage with strong, dense bright green kochanchikami.
Brussels sprouts are a very tasty and healthy product, but they are not planted in our country very often so far. This variety of cabbage has a very long growing season and is not too large, compared to the white cabbage, yield. These circumstances repel many summer residents from Brussels sprouts, but by applying some strength, you can successfully get good results, especially in the climatic conditions of central Russia.