Evergreen Exotic Plant, looks like a palm tree, perfectly stuck in apartments, office buildings, greenhouses.
With its spectacular appearance, unpretentiousness in content, yucca has won a large number of fans among fans of indoor floriculture.
Flower Yucca: reproduction, photo, planting, cultivation, transplanting and care.
How to propagate the yucca? At home false palm tree grows about four meters tall. The reproduction of the plant is carried out in various ways, each of which deserves a separate attention.
This way used in rare cases, because indoors the yucca does not bloom. You can buy seeds in a flower shop, or get them from a plant growing in a comfortable climate zone for it. Receiving seedlings can be provided that the planting material was fresh.
Seeds are wrapped in a piece of damp cloth and incubated for 24 hours. Upon expiration, they are sown in the prepared soil mixture. It should consist of equal parts of turf, leafy ground and high peat. The container is covered on top with plastic or glass to create a greenhouse effect.
At least two times a day, crops need to be aired and the accumulated condensate must be removed from the surface of the glass or film.
Shoots will begin to appear in thirty to forty days.
If desired, it is possible to ensure that the yucca on the trunk has two or three fan-shaped tops. This is done when the false palm has grown more than thirty centimeters in height. Using a sharp knife, cut off the top of the plant. Be sure to stay on the trunk a few leaves.
Slice sprinkled with pounded charcoal. Where there was a cut, after some time young shoots will appear, and the top is used to produce a new false palm. It should dry in air for two hours, after which it sinks into roasted sand or a container of water for rooting. Just before use, the water must be boiled and cooled.
When the lower leaf plates rot, they are cut off, and the water changes. After the roots appear, the tip is planted in a separate pot.
Propagation of Yucca palm tree by pieces of stem stalks. If you take a good look, you can see sleeping budsthat are on the woody trunk of the false palm.
There are a lot of them and each one, when creating certain conditions, is able to give new shoots.
All the nutrients obtained by yucca from the soil are redirected to the development of the crown, so until the tip is on the trunk, the shoots will not wake up.
After cutting the crown from the plant, young leaf plates begin to form under the cut. This feature of yucca can be perfectly used for breeding. This process do so:
- the trunk is cut into pieces, each of which must be at least twenty centimeters,
- the finished segments are placed in a mixture of peat and sand for rooting,
- the container is covered with plastic or glass jar.
Use of lateral processes
When to plant and how to grow a yucca from a process at home? On the trunk of the false palm, lateral processes regularly appear that can be used to propagate the plant. For these purposes, they are cut off together with a piece of small bark and placed in a sand-peat mixture for rooting.
The cut on the barrel is disinfected with activated or charcoal. For thirty days, the roots appear.
False palm pruning process
To achieve the trunk of yucca more than seven centimeters in diameterIt is clipped. This is done in order to form a crown on the palm of the correct shape. We must not forget that after the procedure is performed, the growth of the plant stops.
Need to cut as high as possible from the base of the trunk. The plant must be well watered every three to four days. The cut part is placed in a wet substrate for rooting. Thanks to the pruning method, the owner forms the height of the plant he needs.
How to plant and grow?
Yucca prefers neutral acid soiltherefore, the plant should be planted in a specially prepared soil mixture consisting of leaf, sod land, peat and humus, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. You can buy ready-made substrate in the flower shop. For these purposes, ideal soil for cacti, palm plants or draceni.
The pot must be chosen high, as for good development the plant needs drainage. The height of the layer should be at least three to five centimeters. In this quality, broken brick, fine crushed stone or other materials are useful. A layer of soil is poured on top of the drainage, then a yucca is placed and sprinkled on top of the substrate.
More than three centimeters bury the plant is not worth it. The substrate is carefully watered, after which the plant pot is put in its permanent place.
Planting yucca in open ground
How and when to plant yucca on the street? Planting and care in the open field in the garden.
There are a large number of species of yucca. In addition to plants grown at home, there are also garden varieties that grow well in open ground.
Plus, such a palm tree blooms very beautifully, for which it is valued by growers. The necessary conditions for planting yucca are as follows:
- the place for the plant should be sunny and hot,
- the optimum temperature during planting should be 18 degrees of heat during the daytime and not less than seven at night,
- The plant needs nutrient soil. If there is poor soil on the site, then you need to dig a hole, the depth and width of which should be at least 50 centimeters and pour the prepared mixture into it, including garden soil, humus, sand and peat in equal parts.
When to plant?
The best time to plant a yucca is Springwhen the threat of night frost has completely passed and the temperature does not fall below seven degrees. Before the onset of the weather, the yucca can grow on the window or in the greenhouse. Planted immediately is not recommended, as the false palm need gradual hardening.
To do this, they begin to make it to the open air every day, gradually increasing the time they spend outside. The size of the landing hole should be twice as large from the root system.
Methods and order of breeding flower
There are many different ways suitable for Yucca to multiply at home, so tell you about the basic methods. All methods give positive results., the main thing here is to choose one that will suit a particular lover of flowers.
Seeds can be purchased at malls selling ordinary flower seeds. In each such package, depending on the manufacturer's company, there are from 3 to 5 large seeds that are black and glossy in appearance.
To accelerate the germination of their seeds required to stratifyFor those who do not know what it is - damage to the peel of the seeds. After which they are placed for cultivation in a nutrient and loose soil. Build them strongly not enough and 5 mm.
The temperature in the room where Yucca will be grown from seeds should have a temperature not lower than 25 degrees Celsius. Therefore, many recommend sowing seeds at the onset of sustainable heat. To the seed bowl does not dry out from the heat, it is placed in a transparent plastic bag or covered with glass.
When two true leaf plates emerge from the ground, seedlings of Yucca should be seated on different ploshkas, the size of which should strictly correspond to the size of the seedling's root system.
It is important to knowIn order to grow Yukka in this way, one must have great patience, since an adult tree will be obtained only after a few years.
How to propagate the yucca tops
it the most common breeding method plants. For this method, any rosette of leaves at the top or a randomly broken branch will work. If a broken branch is too long, then part of the trunk is removed, only a small piece of the stem “heel” remains. Such a stalk is dried for a couple of hours and the lower leaf plates are removed.
Yucca tops breeding
Then the stalk is planted in nutrient soil, and covered with a glass jar, creating greenhouse conditions the cutting. You need to make sure that the earth is always a little wet and not dry. But you should not fill it with water either, since this will make it possible to appear on the graft of gray rot.
Or cuttings put in the water to increase the root system. To prevent the cutting from rotting in water, wood ash or 3 tablets of activated charcoal are added to it.
This method is good for reproduction when the flower for one reason or another lost the root system.
For cuttings to form, a cut is made about 40 cm below the lower leaf plates on the bark and the bark is removed around the entire circumference 1.5 cm wide. A layer of moist moss is applied at the site of damage, and moss is wrapped with polyethylene to prevent evaporation of moisture. . After a certain time in this place wake up sleeping roots, which are growing, form a branching stalk.
When the roots grow to such an extent that you can be sure that the layers will grow independently, it is cut with a sharp knife or shears. The cut is treated with crushed activated carbon and planted in a substrate suitable for Yucca.
The side processes of yucca before pruning
This method provides presence of root shoots or stem. To separate the extra shoots thickening the mother plant is quite a necessary thing. After all, for the beautiful formation of a tree or a bush is enough for five shoots of the same age.
Therefore, excess sprouts are removed and sprinkled with all the cuts with charcoal to prevent rotting. Then sprouts are planted in coarse sand and put in a mini-greenhouse to root them. Watering should be done so that only does not dry the sand. In this case, the greenhouse airs and removes condensate daily.
This breeding method is suitable. only for experienced florists. After the tops are cut off at Yucca, trunks without leaf plates remain. The barrel itself must be at least 25 cm long and all its sections must be treated with garden pitch or, if not, then pounded with activated carbon.
After this treatment, the second one is made by any root mass stimulator. After all these procedures, the trunk must be transplanted into nutrient soil.
Usually, with this method of reproduction, two buds wake up less than three at the top. To stimulate the appearance of these buds, you can spray the plant with such preparations:
After the appearance of growing buds, it is required to start feeding the plant with nitrogen fertilizers. This is done to ensure that the plant has enough strength to grow lush hair or a few tops. At the same time, a container with such a plant should stand in a bright place, but without direct sunlight. And if necessary, it should be turned to the light so that the tip of Yucca grew evenly.
This method is used when yucca is rehabilitated after an illness. For reproduction choose only solid areas without rot and clean the lower section of the bark, clearing it 5 mm. stripe.
Moss will need to be moistened from time to time in order to have an appropriate microclimate around the cutting. About a month later, the first small roots will appear, which should thus grow to a length of 5 cm.
After growing the rootlets in such a way, Yucca is planted in a new soil suitable for it and carefully monitor the irrigation so that decay does not start again.
Yucca's transplantation and jigging methods
In order for Yucca to grow well, she needs transplantation, young plants are transplanted annually, in old plants only the top layer of soil can be renewed.
Yucca before transplanting
How to propagate the yucca
There are several ways of breeding false palms. To do this, you can use:
- cut off the top
- lateral processes,
- air cuts,
- trunk segments.
The process of reproduction best of all occurs in the springtime, when active vegetation begins. Separating offspring is also better to leave for spring or summer, when the plant is being transplanted.
Cropping and crown formation
To form the crown of the false palm tree can only be when the thickness of the trunk exceeds seven centimeters - it can be cut. It should be borne in mind that this procedure will stop the growth of yucca. In this way, the required height of the room pet is regulated.
The cut is done, leaving as much of the stem of the plant as possible. The injured place is treated, and the palm tree is watered every three days.
Cut off the tip is left for further reproduction, placing in moist soil.
Conditions for proper cultivation
False palm likes neutral soils. To do this, you can purchase purchased land in the trading network: a mix for palm trees or cacti will do. And you can prepare the substrate yourself, observing the recipe:
- 2 parts - sheet and sod land,
- 1 part - peat and humus.
Separately, I must say about the capacity for landing. It should be high enough, because a thick layer of drainage should be laid on the bottom.
From above they fill the soil of sufficient thickness, yucca roots are carefully placed on it, covered with earth. The root collar is not buried too deep - no more than three centimeters.
Such a procedure is rarely done, because at home the yucca grows poorly and there is no need to violate the root system. Transplantation is carried out in the event that another trunk begins to grow.
The action algorithm is as follows:
- the palm tree is taken out of the container, having moistened the soil previously,
- clean the roots carefully from the remnants of the soil,
- cut with a sharp object the third part of the crown,
- the root system is divided into parts, leaving a process in each,
- injured areas are disinfected,
- the resulting palm trees are seated in separate, pre-cooked planting tanks. Too bulk dishes should not be used, it will interfere with growth. It is enough to choose a pot that will be only slightly wider than the volume of the root ball.
Thus, you can multiply a palm tree anytime, but the best time is still the spring period.
Carrying out the procedure of transplanting in the autumn, you need to be prepared for the fact that the palm tree can start to fall ill and lose foliage. After fall, the plant begins preparing for the winter dormancy period. And if you take away his strength for the formation of roots and engraftment, then it can greatly damage the plant.
How to transplant purchased Yucca
Having bought a yucca at the store, you should not immediately engage in its transfer. Two weeks of quarantine - the optimal time for adaptation in the new house for the plant. At this time, it is better to keep the palm tree separate from other household plants. Let him get used to the new climate and lighting, and at the same time it will be possible to make sure that there are no different pathogens.
Basic rules of care
Yucca refers to unpretentious plants, but some conditions must still be observed:
- temperature and illumination,
- air humidification and sufficient watering,
- the presence of drainage during planting and a certain composition of the soil,
- timely introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers,
- compliance with the rules of transplantation and reproduction,
- prevention and treatment of possible diseases.
Optimal conditions of detention
For this southern woman it is very important to get enough sun. Lack of light will lead to stretching and paleness of leaves. Therefore, the palm tree is placed in the sunniest place in the house.
Some experts write that from direct sunlight may burn on the leaves. I yukks are all summer under the scorching sun, and never had such a trouble.
The most favorable temperature in summer is up to 25 degrees. You can put the plant on the balcony or veranda for the summer if night temperatures allow. After all, this heat-loving plant can destroy a drop below +8.
For southerners, short winter days are extended with additional lighting.
Winter temperatures during the rest period are maintained in the region of 12-15 degrees.
There are many points in the care that determine the volume and frequency of watering. This is influenced by the ambient temperature and humidity, the season and the composition of the soil.
In the heat, watering is carried out in large volumes, at cooler temperatures, the water should be less. But in any case, the plant is watered only after the soil dries out for 5 centimeters.
During the period of winter dormancy, water is very moderate, so as not to damage the root system with excessive moisture.
Yucca at home
It turns out that the yucca, which we often take for a palm tree, has nothing in common with this tropical tree. This evergreen tree belongs to the family of asparagus and is distinguished by a variety of varieties. Culture came to us from Mexico and central America.
Yucca - or, as it is also called, the false palm - is easy to breed and grow. Feels good on the southern and eastern windows, in winter requires a low temperature.
It is interesting. In the south of Europe in the open field grows well Yucca filamentous. It easily withstands short-term lowering of the ambient temperature to -10 ... -15 ° C.
The woody stem ends in a tuft of lancet-like leaves. Some species have an initially branched trunk. At home, the plant forms white, bell-shaped buds. At room cultivation does not bloom.
At home, yucca aloe leaf (Yucca aloifolia) and ivory (Yucca elephantipes) are usually cultivated. Here we will talk about them below.
How to reproduce indoor yucca: step by step instructions
Evergreen exotic feels great in apartments and offices. In the first years it develops slowly, then the growth accelerates noticeably. An adult flower sheds the lower leaves, baring the stem, and often reaches a height of 2 meters.
Although Yucca looks like a palm tree, it belongs to the Asparagus family.
How to propagate and root yucca? Young offspring is most often obtained from a healthy adult plant. Already in the first years of cultivation, with proper care, the false palm is capable of producing several processes. Cuttings rooted in water or wet sand. Claydite or specially formulated soil can be used.
Components for soil mixture:
- washed sand - 1 part,
- humus (preferably leaf) - 0.5 parts,
- turf ground - 1 part.
Ready soil for rooting cuttings can be bought in the store.
Planted in the ground in two months, forms the first roots.
Experts recommend propagating room palm in one of the following ways:
- parts of the trunk
- air lay,
- cut off the top
Vegetative reproduction begins in April-May. This is a period of active growth of yucca, so rooting is especially good. Separation of offspring is also best done in spring and summer, or during the transplant of an adult bush.
Attention. Sowing seeds should be carried out immediately after harvest. They can not be stored, because the material very quickly loses germination.
Below are step-by-step instructions for each method of rooting.
If your exotic does not want to branch, cut off the top of a plant 10–15 cm long and plant it. As a result, you will get another yucca and get the mother bush to throw out a few shoots.
Top of the barrel rooted well in ordinary tap water
Root the stalk in two ways:
- put in water with a dissolved tablet of activated carbon,
- put in the sand or prepared soil.
In both cases, after the appearance of the first roots, the yucca is transferred to a permanent place.
How to plant a yucca?
Yuccas are transplanted infrequently. As it grows at home slowly, there is no need to disturb the roots once again. By seeding proceed, as a rule, with the appearance of the second trunk.
- Remove the indoor plant from the pot and clean the roots from the ground.
- Cut the palm crown by one third.
- Underground part of the trunk divided with a sharp knife along with the roots by the number of shoots.
- Cut the slices in pitch or sprinkle with crushed coal.
- Plant each plant separated in its own pot.
If necessary, yucca can be seated at any time of the year, but it is better to do it in spring.
Tip: Do not choose an oversized pot for a room palm. Ideally, it should be 3 cm wider than the diameter of the root system.
Yucca, growing in two trunks, are seated in separate pots
If the transplant, for whatever reason, fell in the fall, the culture can get sick and lose leaves. The fact is that after becoming a houseplant, yucca continues to live according to its biological rhythms, which require preparation for the rest period. And throwing all the forces on the rooting, the palm will inevitably suffer.
By purchasing a new plant, do not rush to reload it in another dish. The flower needs time to adapt to the new conditions of existence: the level of humidity and lighting, temperature, irrigation schedule.
Only after 2 weeks can you start a transplant. All this time, keep the palm tree separate from other colors.
New pot choose a little more than before. Well, if it is ceramic or clay. Plastic is also suitable, but the soil in such a flowerpot dries out for a long time and the roots can rot, especially in winter. The output will be additional holes in the bottom and lower third of the side walls.
When transplanting root ball plants do not destroy
Tip: In order not to purchase permanently expensive ceramics, plant the yucca in simple plastic and place it in a beautiful large size flowerpots.
After selecting a suitable pot, pour a layer of coarse drainage (pebbles, broken brick) to the bottom and fill it with a third of light soil, half consisting of washed and calcined river sand. Such soil can be bought in the store or cook yourself.
- Take the yucca out of the old pot.
- Inspect the earthen room. If the soil is in order, does not contain rot and traces of pests, hand over it.
- Place the plant in a new container and cover it with fresh soil from the sides, gently tamping it with a shovel.
- Water the flower and place it on the windowsill with dim lighting.
Spray the crown daily with warm water, adding a few drops of Epin or Zircon to it.
Put the pot with the accustomed yucca on a warm, bright window sill and leave it on it. In summer, the plant can be taken out on the street, putting in a protected place.
Yucca breeding at home is not only simple, but also interesting. Having spent a little time and effort, you can grow a beautiful and noble flower that will become a real decoration of the house.
The stem is most often woody, but some species have a characteristic branched-branched stem. Foliage is crowded at the top. Leaves linear-lanceolate, peaked.The formation of a rather large, bell-shaped, white coloration, drooping colors, located on slightly shortened peduncles, is characteristic.
Inflorescences are represented by a multi-flower whisk. Six tepals loosely arranged or possess several compounds at the base. The ovaries are characterized by numerous ovules. In place of the flower, fruit-boxes or relatively fleshy medium-sized berries are formed. In the conditions of open ground, filamentous yucca (Yucca filamentosa), as a rule, is grown, which relatively easily withstands a drop in temperature to minus 18-20 ° C. Street or garden, as well as ornamental palm grown in amateur floriculture, most often reproduces by vegetative means.
Use of scions
In the most comfortable conditions of cultivation and subject to proper care, the indoor flower is able to form suitable for reproduction children in the first year of life. The separation of the root or stem processes is very useful. Such a timely and well-executed procedure can favorably affect both normal growth and full development. Many experienced amateur growers recommend leaving no more than five shoots. The standard rooting process of siblings is as follows:
- after separation of offspring, absolutely all the cuts with preventive purpose and to protect against damage by rot, it is necessary to process as much as possible with crushed charcoal,
- separated scions are required to be carefully and properly landed in pre-prepared landing tanks filled with clean and moist, medium-grained sand,
- Young scions that have been planted need to be poured relatively abundantly with warm and distilled water, and then carefully covered with a glass jar or high-quality translucent polyethylene,
- for high-quality rooting, it will be necessary to ensure the optimum humidity and temperature at 22-24 ° C,
- Airing of the room “greenhouse” and irrigation measures are carried out every day as the soil mix in the flower pot dries out.
With respect to the technology of planting and creating the most favorable conditions for growing, the rooting process takes about a couple of months. After rooting, they are transplanted to a permanent place in a flower pot filled with nutritious substrate with the addition of pieces of charcoal.
Features of garden breeding yucca
When grown in open ground, garden or street Yucca, as a rule, often sets seeds, which can be harvested in the last decade of August. The collected seed material is suitable for the subsequent cultivation of highly decorative culture. Sowing works are carried out in a special, properly prepared and highly nourishing substrate, at the base of which there is necessarily an equal amount of leafy soil and sod land, as well as coarse-grained clean sand.
With the observance of all the rules of sowing technology, as well as creating ideal, comfortable temperature conditions and optimum humidity, mass shoots appear in about a month and a half. After a pair of true leaves has been formed on the seedlings, a careful dive into separate planting containers filled with previously prepared planting substrate should be made. The flowering of street yucca grown from seed can be expected approximately three years after planting.
Tips and tricks
Tropical highly decorative Yucca is fully capable of withstanding Russian frosts, but when grown in open ground in most regions of our country, it is advisable to ensure the protection of young and sufficiently heat-loving plants for the winter period.In this case, frame constructions with film cover and flower garden mulching with coniferous branches or dry foliage are used. To ensure full winter protection, non-woven covering material or high-quality burlap can be used.
The use of tropical trees on almost any plot is very wide. It is very popular with landscape designers, and is particularly widely used for landscaping in recent years, which allows you to give the area a very exotic and attractive appearance. The highly decorative tropical culture, which is very beautiful, colorful, but at the same time completely unpretentious in the care and cultivation, will make the landscaped landscape very unusual and individual, and will also delight its owners for many years with an attractive appearance.
Previously, this culture was referred to as palm trees, and now it is sometimes called “false palm or“ palm lily ”. In the modern classification of the plant included in the family Agave (Agavaceae). Yukki are divided into a separate genus, in which there are approximately 40 species.
The natural habitat of yucca is the desert and semi-desert of North and Central America. You can also see it in the countries of Southeast Asia and on some islands of the Caribbean. Plants grow abundantly in open, sunny areas with sandy and stony soils.
Externally, yuccas, belonging to different species, may be a little like each other. Most of the species are short stem and stemless, for example: yucca filamentous or garden (Y. filamentosa), otvochenolnolistnaya (Y. recurvifolia) or hung (Y.pendula) and flat (U. campestris). There are also tree-like yuccas that form the central and side shoots: majestic Yucca (Y. gloriosa), beak (Y. rostrata), strong (U. valida), short-leaved (brevifolia), high (elata), giant (gigantea) or elephant ( elephantipesa).
In stalks, trunks of yucca accumulate water, which is consumed in dry periods.
Different sizes of plants of different species. There are huge trees growing in nature up to 12 m in height (the famous “Joshua tree” (Yoshua-tree)), there are relatively small, up to 2.5 m (glorious yucca), and there are miniature plants whose height does not exceed 20 cm (Y. Standley).
At home, offices, winter gardens, you can grow most species. Most often it is the majestic Yucca, ivory, beak-shaped, aloellitic, Shott (Y. schottii), Trekulya (Y.treculeana). The most popular in interior design are tree plants with a single trunk or branched.
The leaves of yucca have a xiphoid or lanceolate form; they are rigid, sometimes with a thorn at the end. They may be erect or drooping, with a smooth or rough surface. Collected in the outlet, which either grow directly from the ground, or located at the ends of the shoots. Painted in bright green or green with a bluish tinge. The size of the leaves is proportional to the size of the plant itself: from 1 m to 20 cm, in some species, the edges are wavy, with hairs or denticles at the edges.
Yucca blooms in the open field, very rarely in pot culture. The flowers of bell-shaped forms are gathered in panicles located on a high peduncle. Coloring, as a rule, white, can have a pinkish or cream shade. The size of the flowers and the height of the peduncle depend on the size of the plant. The flower can reach a size of 6-7 cm, the flower sprout grows up to 2 m.
At home, a high plant height can be a problem for the florist. To limit the growth of yucca, it is not necessary to choose for her large pots.
Care for yucca at home
There is an opinion that yucca is an unpretentious plant. But, in practice, florists often have problems with it. What are the rules for caring for yucca at home to follow to avoid them?
As already mentioned, the natural habitats of yucca are climatic zones with dry air and little rainfall, but plenty of light and sun. This should be considered when growing homemade yucca.
Yucca takes a lot of light and sun. The most successful place for it is the windows of south, southeast and southwest orientation.
Good lighting is especially important for young plants to ensure their proper formation. Wherein young plants are more sensitive than adults to sun exposure, therefore, in the hottest time, they should be shaded or moved away from the window.
The lack of light affects the plant detrimental. Shoots ugly stretched and bent. Leaves become thinner, turn pale, begin to turn yellow and fall off. The plant is weakened and pests can appear on it, for example, mealybug or spider mite.
Sufficient light should be yucca and in wintertherefore during this period it is desirable to arrange additional artificial lighting for the plant, bringing the daylight hours to 16 hours per day.
During the growing season (from March to September), a comfortable temperature for yucca is 20-24 degrees. In hotter conditions, increased air humidity is required (spraying, placing on a pallet with moist expanded clay). The higher the air temperature, the higher should be its humidity..
The problem with caring for yucca at home is the need to keep the plant cool during the winter period (from October to February), the temperature is 8-10 degrees Celsius.
It is good if there is a suitable room in the house, for example, a heated loggia, where you can place a yucca at this time. If not, place the pot on the windowsill, moving it closer to the glass, and periodically open the window, and if the design of the windows allows, open the doors for winter ventilation.
It should be remembered that the sudden changes in temperature and drafts yucca endures painfully and sometimes it dies.
Yucca, like all succulents, is able to accumulate moisture in the trunk, in addition, it has a weak root system. Therefore, it is very sensitive to waterlogging, especially in cool conditions.
To determine whether the time has come for the next watering, you can simply feel the ground with your finger. The soil must have time to dry between watering before the day of the pot.
In the summer, water is plentiful, but the water that drains into the pan is drained. In winter, watering is usually reduced, but its frequency and abundance depends on the temperature in the room, with cold winters — less frequently, and with warm winters more often.
Observe the correct mode of irrigation is important, because an excess of moisture leads to rotting of the roots, from which the plant dies.
When keeping a yucca in the conditions of high air temperature, it should be sprayed once a day (on especially hot days - twice).
To avoid white stains from hard water on the leaves, boiling water is used for spraying or lemon juice (half teaspoon per liter) or citric acid (one third teaspoon per liter) is added to the water.
Yucca requires a soil with acidity from slightly acidic to neutral, pH 5-7. The soil must provide good moisture and breathability so that the roots are nourished and well ventilated.
The composition of the soil, prepared independently, include leaf, sod land, large river sand and humus in the ratio 2: 2: 2: 1. Humus in the soil is needed by young plants. For adults who have reached the desired size, its presence is optional.
For planting home Yucca, you can use the purchase of soil for dratsen, succulents and palm trees.
Transplantation of young ukk perform when the root system becomes cramped in the old pot. Young plants are usually transplanted every 1-2 years. For adult large specimens, instead of transplanting, they replace the top layer of the soil.
Yucca tolerates transplantation, so if there are no reasons forcing to do this urgently (for example, after the bay you need to transplant the plant to fresh ground), it is better to schedule this procedure for the most favorable time - March-April, i.e. the beginning of the growing season.
Transplantation is performed by the method of transshipment - with a lump of earth. This method is the least painful for the plant. Drainage must be placed at the bottom of the pot so that the roots after watering are not in the water.
How to perform a transplant:
- buy a steady pot 2-3 cm in diameter larger than the former,
- put drainage and some soil on the bottom,
- with an earthy ball, move the plant to this container,
- emptiness fill up with soil and tamp.
Before planting, you must inspect the roots of the plant. If there is rotten, black, with an unpleasant smell, they need to be cut off, previously freed from the old earth, sprinkled with crumbled wood or activated carbon sections and then planted in fresh soil.
After transplantation, yucca practically stops growing for 1-2 months.
To maintain the decorativeness of yucca during the period of active growth, i.e. From April to September, regular feeding is required. Mineral fertilizers for palm trees and cacti are suitable for room yucca, they are applied during a specified period with a frequency of 1 time per week.
In winter, yucca is not fertilized.
Cut the top of the plant with leaves, and process, as noted above.
Apical cuttings can be rooted in water, into which two whole tablets of activated charcoal are put for disinfection. Rooting vertically in the substrate is also possible.
The stalk is cut into several parts, each of them must have viable dormant buds. Sections are made by leaf scars - the places of attachment of leaves. Material for grafting need strong, resilient and healthy.
If the stalk without leaves, you need to mark where it has the top, and where the bottom.
Stem cuttings in water do not root, rooted in the substrate in two ways: vertically or horizontally.
With vertical rooting, the stalk is placed vertically in the substrate, submerging its lower part in the substrate. Vertically, both stem and apical cuttings can be rooted.
Horizontally rooted stem stem cuttings only, they are buried to half, the ends of the cuttings do not drop. With horizontal rooting, both shoots and roots are formed from dormant buds, so several new plants can be obtained from a single stalk, which, after successful rooting, are divided and planted in separate pots.
Rules for the maintenance of cuttings
Substrate must be kept moderately moist. In a dried-up stalk will wither and dry, in too damp it will rot.
For rooting, the container with the cuttings is placed in a warm place, with a temperature of at least 20-24 degrees. It is good to organize the lower heating for rooting, for example, by putting a heating plate on a wooden plate or thick towel.
Top cuttings covered with transparent bags, cans, cut plastic bottles, creating around them high humidity.
Cuttings are taken on average in a month. 2 months after successful rooting, new shoots begin to appear on the stem cuttings, and the apical head starts growing on the apical ones.
When the cuttings are strong enough, they can be planted in pots. Within 1-2 weeks thereafter, they must continue to be kept in a greenhouse, and later greenhouses should be removed, but not immediately, but gradually accustoming the plants to fresh air.
The maternal plant after cuttings usually gives new shoots.
However, sometimes it can cause problems. A stem that does not have leaves sometimes starts to dry out, and the plant dies after a while. You can try to "reanimate" the trunk, placing under the bag or a plastic bottle.
Yucca in winter
In winter, more precisely, in the period from October to February, the yucca has a period of rest. For good health she needs to reduce the temperature of the content, preferably to 8-10 degrees Celsius. At higher temperatures, the yucca grows up, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.
It is also necessary to minimize watering because with reduced temperature and water, the plant needs less.
To get side shoots on yucca, you need to cut off the tip of the plant. Perform this procedure preferably in the spring.
Cutting off with a sharp knife, pre-disinfect it with alcohol. Sections are powdered with crushed wood or activated charcoal.
The cut tip can be rooted as described above.
Over time, a large plant on the side shoots may appear refined, as if constricted, areas. Such shoots need to be cut to the point where the thinning begins. If possible, when pruning the shoot, a stump is left, from 1 to 3 young shoots will appear from it.
Yucca leaves turn yellow
If yucca began to turn yellow in winter, it means that it is hot, you should try to lower the temperature of the content.
If the leaves turn pale and yellow, and the trunk is drawn out, it means that the plant has little light.
Yellowing leaves may indicate excessive watering, in which case it needs to be adjusted.
Also, the leaves may turn yellow and fall off if the yucca has been subjected to a sharp effect of cold (caught in a draft or frozen during transport).
Yucca leaves roll up
Leaves can coagulate as from insufficient watering, and from its excess. You need to be guided by the rule that the soil in the pot should dry out in about a week.
Such a problem can occur even if the yucca is watered with cold water, watering should be carried out with water at room temperature.
Yucca dry leaf tips
The reason for this may be dry air and high temperature in the room. Also, the tips of the leaves can dry from too little watering.
Yucca pulled out, the leaves become pale
Yukka has little light, you need to move it to a lighter place or arrange additional lighting.
Yucca actively fall leaves
This "syndrome" also indicates that the plant's location has insufficient illumination. Yucca - light-loving plant, move it closer to the window or think about additional lighting.
However, the leaves may fall due to other unfavorable conditions for yucca. This may be inlet, over-drying, or too hot and dry air.
In yucca, the trunk becomes soft and bends, leaves wither
This happens due to the rotting of the roots due to the abundance of moisture. In such a situation, the plant is likely not to be saved. You can try to cut and root the top.
Authors of the photo: Osok, nepher, RVL, irina-mahortova, crim41evp, citizen-i, Nelly, kuz-grig, voronowakatia, mdimk.
Why yucca turns yellow and dries
Yucca imported from North America. It grows mainly in arid climate. It looks like a palm tree. Under natural conditions, it is found in the form of a bush, a tree. The leaves have a dense structure, rigid. Green colour. In some varieties there may be streaks of yellow, white.
At home it grows up to 60 cm, but there are exceptions. During flowering large buds appear in the form of bells. Flowers have a white, yellow, pink hue.
- The tree is great for novice florists.
- It is a multi-year one.
- In summer, the comfortable temperature range is +18 + 23 ° С, in winter - from +7 to + 12 ° С.
- Preferred bright sunlight, although there are also known cases of content of yucca in shaded areas.
- Top dressing is carried out every two weeks with liquid fertilizers in the summer.
- It is advisable to remove long leaves. This will stimulate the tree to the emergence of new sultans of leaves, shoots.
- Regular cleaning of the leaves with a damp cloth is recommended.
- Practically not affected by pests. In rare cases, it can be affected by a scythe, a botrytis mushroom.
- The tips of the leaves may dry due to low humidity. If the temperature is low, the foliage will curl. Yellow indicates a lack of light.
Air roots: second chance
There are cases when an adult plant is transfused, with the result that roots rot.You can save it by getting new roots on a healthy part of the trunk.
It is necessary to choose the area that is 15 cm above the knight one and 50 cm below the apex. Bark is removed around the circumference. The height of the exposed area should be 5 mm. A small amount of sphagnum moss is laid around it. From above, such a construction is wrapped with plastic film on top.
Regular moistening, airing is recommended. For the appearance of the roots need 2-3 weeks. After they grow up, the top is cut and planted in a suitable soil, a new pot.
How to transplant?
What is the best and when can you repot a room yucca? At home, yucca is transplanted no more often than once every two years.
If a plant has several trunks, then they can be seated. This is done like this.:
- the trunk is divided into separate parts along with the root system,
- the cut points are sprinkled with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal,
- Each sprout is planted in a separate container and moistened.
For the transplanting of a false palm, a larger flower pot is selected. It must be strong. Best used ceramic products. Ideally, if the old container fits easily into the selected one. Any time of year is suitable for home transplantation, but most often this is done with the onset of spring.
Yucca must be prepared for the procedure. The third part of the leaves is cut, the palm tree is removed from the pot, the root system is immersed in room water for at least one hour. When transplanting, care must be taken not to break the roots, otherwise they will begin to rot.
False palm is very responds well to fertilizing with various types of fertilizers.
Video about yucca: care and reproduction of yucca, how to plant yucca at home, how to root.
This video describes how yucca breeds at home by cuttings.
Video about how to grow yucca, how to breed.
7 correct ways of breeding yucca at home
This wonderful flower can often be found on the premises and on the streets of southern cities. Sometimes florists have a question about Yucca breeding at home. There are various reasons for doing this:
- Overgrown and lost flower
- Root rotthat destroyed the plant root system
- Simply desire to share this beautiful plant
What is the difference between planting in a pot and in an open ground
Actually the only difference is that in the open ground all transplant manipulations are done only in the spring before the onset of heat or in early autumnso that the plant will be rooted to the cold and adapt to a new place.
Indoors transplanting and transshipment of a flower can be done at almost any time. It can be said that even in winter, if the flower needs help and he needs an urgent transplant, then he has a chance to move it. It is only necessary to have a temperature of 25 degrees and additional lighting for the flower.
Sometimes failures occur when transplanting Yucca, here are some that could have been avoided if the tips were used correctly.
Withering yucca leaves after improper transplant
- Must always be present in the pot drainage.
- In the tank, where Yucca will be landed, should be drainage holes to drain the water.
Only if you follow all the instructions rooting will succeed.
How to root a flower
The plant after transplantation in the new land does not require absolutely no fertilizer fertilizing. The first watering with fertilizers should be carried out when Yucca begins its active growth one month after transplantation.
Watering should also be adjusted, as constant hydration will not give a positive result. The soil should dry out between one-third of the pot watering.
The place should not be too sunlight should be scattered.
Yucca after a successful transplant
If a plant feels well a month after transplantation, it means that the transplant was successful.
Yucca can be easily propagated at home. It is only necessary to carry out the necessary recommendations and everything will turn out. As a result, there will be one or many young bushes of the wonderful Yukka.
The technology of proper breeding yucca at home
Yucca (Yúcca) is a tree-like and evergreen plant belonging to the Agave family (Agavaceae). At home, this false palm tree does not require significant care, and reproduction is most often carried out by cuttings, as well as by dividing the bush or by processes.
In order to properly dilute an indoor flower, it is necessary not only to take into account the botanical features of the plant, but also to adhere to the recommendations of experienced flower growers and specialists. Seed cultivation of indoor and garden ornamental culture is practically not used.
Growing yucca (video)
The use of tropical trees on almost any plot is very wide. It is very popular with landscape designers, and is particularly widely used for landscaping in recent years, which allows you to give the area a very exotic and attractive appearance.
The highly decorative tropical culture, which is very beautiful, colorful, but at the same time completely unpretentious in the care and cultivation, will make the landscaped landscape very unusual and individual, and will also delight its owners for many years with an attractive appearance.
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What you need to know when breeding yucca?
Leafless segments of ivory ivory with paraffined sections are often on sale. So planting material evaporates relatively little moisture, which will allow them to be transported over long distances. The cuttings should be elastic, not dried and not rotted, they should be indicated upper and lower sections.
If the purchase got a badly marked yucca stalk (it’s not clear where it’s up or down), lay it horizontally and half way into the substrate. Sleeping buds will wake up, which after rooting can be separated from the maternal trunk.
The pieces of the stems are covered with a transparent film that protects from moisture evaporation. The temperature should be not lower than 20 ° С, and the substrate should be moderately humidified (waterlogging is dangerous). Rooting often takes from 1 to 2 months.
Having multiplied Yucca as an ivory part of the trunk, a handle, processes, we get a new home plant that will turn into an original standard tree with time. At the same time, on the top of a sufficiently thick stem one or several sultans of hard broad-leafed leaves rise.
Yucca's homeland is North and Central America. This plant of the agave family has taken root in the Crimea and in some regions of the Caucasus, where it grows well in conditions of open ground. In the summer, it pleases locals and tourists with beautiful original flowers, somewhat reminiscent of huge (up to 1 m) chestnut candles. Hue in inflorescences is usually white or cream.
At home, this mini-palm tree blooms extremely rarely, grown mainly for decorative greenery. On sale under the name "Yucca room" the most common are the following types.
- Elephant. The plant is so named because of the shape of the trunk. In adult specimens, it really resembles an elephant's foot. Such a yucca is considered the most unpretentious to the climate, but its growth rates are slower than others. The trunk is branching, naked from below, from the fork densely overgrown with pointed dark green leaves collected in rosettes. In the wild, it can reach a height of 10 m.
- Aloelist (the only self-pollinating species). More demanding than ivory.To adverse conditions, it quickly reacts with withering and dropping the lower leaves down to the upper outlet. The trunk does not branch, but is prone to bend and collapse, so it is often necessary to provide palm support. A healthy aloel leaf yucca looks like a spherical lush bush. In the shade or at high humidity, the plant is a lanky scaly trunk, topped with a crumbling rosette of long, hard leaves.
- Gray (rostrata). The original variety: a short trunk, on which grows a volume ball, formed by smoky gray long (up to 60 cm) leaves, which eventually begin to slightly filament (a kind of "web" appears). Gray Yucca reaches only 2 m in height, about 1 m in width.
The following types of yucca come across on sale infrequently, mainly in specialized stores. In the southern areas they are planted in the open ground, so this group was united by the name "garden yucca".
- Yucca whipple. The leaves are greenish-gray color collected in bulk outlet on a shorter stem. The diameter of the plant at home reaches 1 m.
- Yucca beak-shaped. It resembles a huge hedgehog, curled on the top of a short shaggy trunk. The height of the plant in its natural environment reaches 3 m. The leaves are thin and long, similar to thorns.
- Yucca filamentous. An interesting variety: the rosette of leaves comes out almost out of the ground, and the edges of the leaf plate are hung with thin curly threads. Filament yucca loves heat and sunlight very much. There are varieties with a dark yellow stripe in the middle of the leaf, but mostly there are specimens with gray-green rosettes.
- Yucca otvorochennolistnaya (glorious). The shape of the rosette resembles the green top of a pineapple - sticking out the leaves as they grow (up to 90 cm) smoothly turn into drooping ones.
Some species of yucca (gray and filamentous) tolerate short-term frosts, but they also need good shelter for the winter.
The main condition for the normal growth of yucca is a sufficient amount of sun and heat. In wet and shady places, this plant will lose its appearance and die.
It is not necessary to put home yucca on the windowsill, especially since at the age of 2-3 years it forms a sprawling crown and requires free space.
The best option is to place the palm tree next to the window, but not right next to the heating radiator.
Some growers are surprised at the drooping appearance of the plant, which would seem to receive proper care: there is enough heat and light, and the watering is adjusted. The cause of the oppression of growth is often overheating.
Despite the familiarity of yucca to a hot climate, it is not recommended to regularly expose the planting container to direct sunlight.
Under natural conditions, the root system is hidden deep in the ground, and it literally “boils” through the hot wall of the pot.
Yucca is a plant that is accustomed and well adapted to the arid climate, therefore, frequent watering is not only unnecessary, but also dangerous for the development of root rot. Many owners complain that the rosette of the palm limp and fall apart, the leaves lose their rigidity and fall off, and in their place on the trunk remain moist dark spots. The reason is waterlogging.
Yucca is a good sanitary order of the air, but in order for its leaves to work actively, they must be regularly cleaned of dust (this is also a good prevention of attacks by a number of pests). Many palm trees are heavy and voluminous, so the water procedure will have to be carried out on site.
This will require thick cloth or rubber gloves, because yucca's hard sheet plate is very easy to cut. Processing is done simultaneously with two hands. Wipe the leaves should be soft, but not fibrous, well-wrung cloths. The movement is directed upwards from the trunk to the tips, in order not to break the plate.
With some varieties of dust can be collected with a special brush.
Feed yucca usually start with 5 years. From spring to autumn, you can water the complex additives for palm trees and succulents.
Yucca can achieve flowering at home, if you comply with a number of conditions:
- sufficiently spacious capacity and nutrient substrate,
- there is a wintering period at a temperature of from 8 to 10 ° C,
- year-round good lighting.
Yucca begins to bloom from the age of 5, forms seeds only in open ground
Transplantation and reproduction
Yucca can long and patiently "sit" in a tight container without losing its decorative appearance, but growth will slow down or stop. At the first signs of oppression, you can replace the top layer of earth, but it is better to transplant the plant.
Ideally, transplantation is carried out once every three years by the method of transshipment, that is, without damage to the earthen coma. Before the procedure, watering is temporarily stopped until the land is dried. Yucca falls to the side of the previously spread protective material and gently pulled out of the pot by the barrel. The small plant is easily removable and upright.
If the plant is depressed (leaves droop, turn yellow, fall off) and needs a change of contaminated and sour soil, then a transplant with the rehabilitation of the root system is performed.
- An earthen ball taken out of a pot is dropped into a bucket of water to carefully release the roots from the contaminated soil.
- Rotting black roots are cut to healthy living tissue.
- The washed root system is immersed for a few minutes in a container with a weak solution of manganese.
The way is traumatic, but effective. In good soil, yucca quickly adapts and recovers if the lesion does not touch the core of the trunk.
Planting capacity and soil
For yucca it is better to choose a steady pot with dense walls, especially as regards varieties on a high stem.
Even young plants often overwhelm due to the superiority of the crown at the slightest curvature of the stem (most often this happens with yucca aloeids). In diameter, a new tank should be 3-4 cm larger than the previous one, and it is desirable to have the same amount of height in height.
Drainage must be poured to the bottom: purchased clay, broken shards, small crushed stone. The thickness of the layer is about 1.5-2 cm.
Ground for yucca is prepared as follows: mixed in one part of the sod land, compost and humus.
Yucca planting should be carried out only in the soil with good aeration, stagnant moisture is detrimental. In preparing the substrate, impurities such as are necessarily added:
- coarse sand,
- dolomite crushed stone
- pebbles (12 mm),
- charcoal (10 mm),
- coarse perlite.
The above applies to the preparation of planting pits for garden yucca. Choose a well-lit and well-drained area.
Owners of summer plots are usually engaged in independent mixing of the substrate, and for others, the best option is to purchase ready-made soil for palm trees.
It is impossible to fill in the transplanted yucca heavily, especially after the recovery procedure.
Diseases and pests
The main enemy of yucca - rotting due to waterlogging. As a result of infection by a fungus, various kinds of defects appear on the leaf plate: strokes, spots, dots. This may be a symptom of the following diseases:
- brown spot,
- gray spot,
- bacterial burn,
- root and stem rot.
Against stains on the leaves, copper chlorine (4 g per liter of water) or specialized topaz-type preparations are effective. With localized rots on the trunk, you can cope with stripping the affected parts and several treatments (spraying on the leaf and watering the soil) with Fundazol - 2 g per 1 liter of water. Garlic extract is also effective against fungi.
From insect pests palm trees can attack scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites and thrips.From spider mites will help treatment "Neoron", which is diluted in a ratio of 2 ml per liter of water.
The chervets quickly disappear after spraying and watering with drugs containing cypermethrin. The insecticide "Aktara" is effective against thrips. Ticks can be collected with a cotton swab dipped in soapy water.
If the colony is large, it is treated with acaricides.
Yucca can not be attributed to the capricious plants. If initially it is placed in suitable conditions, then only infrequent watering will be required. This also applies to street varieties. Yucca is able to ennoble any room or corner of the garden with its appearance, and magnificent inflorescences invariably cause admiration.
Yucca - home care, transplant videos, breeding and illness
Yucca belongs to the Agave family. This plant is evergreen and naturally capable of flowering, but when grown at home it is unlikely to bloom. It should be borne in mind that this is a rather large plant, so if you decide to acquire it, then make sure that it has enough space.
Yucca is home to Central and North America. Since the climate in these areas is quite hot and slightly dry, the plant easily carries the dry air of modern apartments.
In appearance, yucca is very reminiscent of a palm tree. It has a tree trunk, at the end of which there are long leaves of a saturated green color. The trunk usually has several growth points, so the plant can be branched, making it much more beautiful.
This effect can be achieved by trimming young shoots. The leaves of different varieties differ in that they can be lowered, as if hanging down, and can stand upright. As a rule, the plant reaches a height of several meters.
1. Location and lighting
When choosing the location of yucca you need to be especially scrupulous. The fact is that this plant is very light-requiring, therefore it is considered an ideal option to place a pot on the south side of the room. Not scary, even if for some time direct sunlight will fall on it. But you always need to know the measure.
If it is too hot for yucca, the leaves will start to dry. If the light is not enough - the leaves begin to lose color, the shoots will not be aesthetically drawn, the growth and development of the plant will slow down.
To make your plant feel as comfortable as possible, you must adhere to the following temperature conditions:
- Summer: 20-25 degrees.
- Winter: 10 degrees.
Such a difference in temperature in different seasons of the year is explained by the fact that the plant is in a state of relative rest in winter, and is actively developing and growing in spring and summer.
It is very important in the winter to protect yucca from significant temperature drops, drafts, since these factors can quickly lead to the death of the plant.
It should be very attentive to the plant in winter. Try to avoid significant temperature drops as well as inadequate lighting.
If you make such mistakes while caring for yucca, the plant will weaken very quickly. It may appear pests, get rid of which will not be so easy.
3. Air humidity
Most species of yucca are resistant to low humidity, so they do not need additional spraying. But even for such species, wiping the leaves with a wet rag is very useful.
In this way, you will not only get rid of the dust, but also provide the plant with the necessary moisture. In winter, when the air is very dry due to central heating, it is necessary to periodically spray the plant.
If you are the owner of a variety of yucca, for which high humidity is simply necessary, then you need to periodically spray. It is better to use a sprayer with a thin sprayer.
Water must first be boiled, then cooled to room temperature. Some types of plants can even be placed on a stand filled with material that holds water well (moss, expanded clay, gravel).
It should be borne in mind that spraying is best done in the evening, since if you carry out this procedure under a bright scorching sun, burn marks may appear on the leaves.
It is very useful to bathe plants occasionally in the shower. But before carrying out such a procedure, cover the pot with a plastic bag or oilcloth so that water does not get to the ground.
There is no single irrigation mode for yucca. As a rule, its frequency depends on the species, plant age, time of year, humidity, substrate, temperature.
In summer, watering should be much more abundant than in winter. It should be borne in mind that the soil between watering should dry a few centimeters deep. In winter, it is very important not to overfill the “palm tree”, as this can lead to stagnation of water in the soil, which, in turn, can provoke the development of root rot.
Water for irrigation must always be defended (at least 12 hours). It should be at room temperature. Distilled water can also be used.
Too frequent watering may indicate twisted leaves, as well as the appearance of brown spots on their rim.
Once every few weeks is advised to conduct dressing. To do this, you can use ordinary organic and mineral fertilizers for indoor plants. In winter, it is better to refrain from this procedure and leave the yucca alone. It is also necessary to refuse feeding in those cases when your pet has become unwell or has not yet adapted to the new conditions.
During the period of particularly intensive development of the plant (spring - summer), it is advisable to carry out a special foliar feeding with microelements. This can be done no more than once a month.
To carry out this procedure, buy the necessary drug in a specialty store (it can be liquid, granules or tablets). Dilute it with water in accordance with the instructions, then process the leaves on both sides.
In order for your pet to always feel comfortable, it must be periodically replanted (once every 2-3 years). The best time for this is spring, although it is possible to carry out this procedure at another time of the year.
Before proceeding with the transplant, get rid of all the dry leaves. Be careful with your plant, try not to damage the roots, as this can cause his illness and even death.
It is very important to choose a new pot. It is necessary to take into account several important nuances:
- The diameter of the new pot should be 4-5 cm larger than the diameter of the rhizome.
- Choose a pot whose ratio of depth and internal diameter is 2: 1.
- Choose a pot of durable material that will not deform when filled with the substrate and planting.
The bottom of the pot before transplanting lay out a layer of drainage material. Next, the pot must be filled with new soil.
You can also transfer the plant to the substrate and simply cover the remaining space with earth. But this can be done only if the old soil is not depleted yet, contains a sufficient amount of mineral substances.
When you fall asleep the ground, make sure that there are no voids left with air. After completion, pour the pot with yucca.
Yucca pruning is carried out only after its trunk has reached a diameter of more than 5 cm. After trimming, the trunk will stop developing in breadth, it will remain as it was before this operation. Pruning is carried out from February to March, because at this time the plant begins to grow actively.
Conduct cutting with a sharp knife as follows:
- Disinfect the knife with alcohol.
- Decide on the cut point. It should be positioned high enough above the substrate.
- After collecting the leaves with your hand, cut the trunk completely. Do not break it in any way, as this will only damage the plant.
- Truncate the cut with crushed activated carbon.
- Plant the top in a new pot so that it takes root.
It is very important to remember that watering a pot of yucca after pruning should be very moderate (no more than once a week).
Possible diseases and pests
To know the cause of problems with yucca and take timely measures, you need to familiarize yourself with its main diseases:
- The appearance of brown spots on the leaves indicates too much moisture, which caused the fungal disease. To save the yucca, reduce watering, eliminate spraying, remove any damaged leaflets and move the pot to another location.
- If the stems started to rot, it means that the fungus, which appeared due to over-irrigation and poor ventilation, struck the fabric. This disease spreads very quickly. If it struck a small area of tissue, then you can try to save the yucca by removing the damaged parts. But if the fungus progresses too much, it’s better to just throw the plant away with the pot. If this is not done, then other indoor flowers may become infected.
You also need to know the main pests of yucca. The sooner you find their appearance, the faster and more efficiently you will be able to cope with them, and, therefore, you will reanimate the plant in time:
- Shatter-pan may appear both on the stems and on the leaves. The affected area, as a rule, are the leaves, and on both sides. As a result of the vital activity of these pests, the plants start to grow more slowly, the color of the leaves may change. In some particularly neglected cases, the yucca can completely dry out and die. To combat the false protective equipment, a special drug is used - actelic. They can spray the pot or wipe the leaves.
- Spider mites focus on the bottom of the sheet. Because of the defeat of this pest, the yucca loses its coloring, white spots appear. Over time, the leaves lose their attractiveness and just die. The main reason for the development of spider mites is excessive dry air. To get rid of them, you need to increase the humidity, and then process the flower with special means.
Yucca is very unpretentious, but, like other indoor plants, needs constant care and respect.
Plant transplantation is carried out with a frequency of once every two years, or provided that he has more than one stem. The operation is performed according to the following algorithm:
- Take out the plant from the pot, conduct an inspection.
- The stem is divided into several parts together with the roots.
- All cuts that were made in the process are subject to treatment with antiseptic agents.
- Sprouts are planted in separate pots with fresh soil.
Any time of year is suitable for this operation. For the best adaptation, it is recommended to wait for the spring. Moreover, before embarking on it, it is necessary to remove 1/3 of the foliage, put the plant with the root for a couple of hours in warm water (adding means to improve the rooting process, reduce stress) is allowed.
Choosing a pot for yucca is recommended to choose, guided by one simple rule: the old container must freely enter the old one. Ideally, the difference in diameter should not exceed 3 cm.
Too big a pot will cause the root system to grow long, which is why the yucca will grow slowly.
Yucca is a southern beauty, which is firmly entrenched in the hearts of many gardeners. She is unpretentious in the care. For rapid growth, you only need to choose the right pot, do not forget to water it. But the lack of care yucca tolerates.
Yucca breeding can be done in different ways.The choice is made taking into account the time of year, conditions of detention, temperature. If you follow a simple algorithm, tips, the process will be successful. As a result, after a few months, in addition to one parent plant, there will be several young ones.
In room conditions to achieve flowering yucca is not easy. Therefore, the seeds of this plant can only be bought or collected from a yucca growing in open ground. Only fresh seeds will germinate, which should be soaked in warm water for a day before sowing. They are wrapped in a piece of cloth and poured with a layer of water in 1 cm.
Sow the yucca seeds in a container (pots) with soil. A mixture of turf and leafy land with peat will be suitable as a substrate for sowing. The components of the earth mixture are taken in equal parts. Seeds are pressed into the ground and sprinkled with a small amount of it.
For successful germination, the soil needs to be kept wet by spraying water. The entire container is covered with glass to create a stable high humidity.
During seed germination, the container must be ventilated daily. and wipe condensate from the inside of the glass. The temperature should not be below 20 ° C. In such conditions, seedlings appear after 1 month. As they grow young plants dive, and then planted in separate pots.
Sometimes it makes sense to cut off the tip of the yucca to the remaining plant branched and formed a lush crown. Cut the apical stalk must be dried in air for several hours. Then it is rooted in the sand or in the water.
When rooting in the sand, the lower edge of the yucca stalk should be shallowly stuck in the sand.. It is advisable to place it under a film or glass jar, and keep the sand in a wet state.
It should take 1.5 or 2 months to begin to appear young leaves - a sign that the roots have already grown and the cutting can be planted in a separate pot.
Somewhat easier to root the tip of yucca in water. It is advisable to take boiled water so that the cutting does not rot. About a month later the roots appear, after which the stalk is planted in the ground.
What is the most effective way?
In residential conditions, yucca is propagated by seed extremely rarely. This method is quite time consuming and long. For a flower of sufficient size to grow from a seed, at least 2 years must pass.
Vegetative reproduction in an apartment is more preferable. It allows you to get a decorative yucca in a few months.
When rooting the apex or dividing the rhizome, a large young plant grows very quickly. And when breeding fragments of the stem from one segment, you can get several small young specimens.
The most common among indoor growing are:
- Yucca is ivory. The homeland of this species is South America. The name of the species was due to a peculiar trunk in the form of an elephant's leg. During flowering, the plant appears paniculate inflorescence with a lot of white flowers. They can reach up to 7 cm in length.
- Yucca filamentous. A plant that does not have a main stem, can grow at the expense of root shoots and offspring. The leaves of this species are pointed at the ends, reaching more than 50 cm in length. During the growing season produces a panicle with large inflorescences up to 10 cm. They have a white color with a yellow tint.
- Yucca Elephantis. Under natural conditions it can reach over 7 meters in height. Under room conditions, it grows slowly, capable of reaching a height of up to 2 meters. It has a thick trunk, at the top are green leaves, lowered to the bottom.
Important! All varieties of room palms have distinctive features in appearance and color. But they require the same care at home.
When it is cultivated at home, there are certain nuances and requirements:
- Creating a favorable environment, close to the usual environment.
- Timely transplant, soil preparation.
- Top dressing, treatment from pests.
To achieve a beautiful view in the form of a palm tree, it is necessary to trim the trunk. At the end of time, shoots form on it. In due course they will get stronger, and some trunks will turn out.
Important! Palma yucca requires free space, as it has large sizes. She is an unpretentious evergreen. With sufficient and proper care will long please the owner.
It consists in the following actions:
- optimum temperature and lighting,
- moderate humidity and excessive watering,
- composition of fertile soil, drainage,
- transplantation and breeding methods
- timely fight against diseases and pests.
To get a healthy indoor plant and achieve flowering, it is necessary to create conditions similar to natural ones.
You can cook yourself by mixing from equal parts:
- sod land
- leaf earth
Before planting procedure, it is necessary to organize a good drainage. It is allowed to lay a layer of expanded clay or large crushed stone on the bottom of the pot. The organization of drainage is necessary for the full growth of the flower.
Watering and irrigation is directly dependent on environmental conditions. At high temperatures and low humidity it is necessary to water a room tree every 2-3 days. Spraying is carried out daily, especially in the summer. A signal of watering will serve as the top layer of the earth. If it is dry, it is necessary to water the plant with separated water at room temperature.
In autumn and winter, watering should be reduced to 1 time per week. When there is an overabundance of moisture, palms appear twisted leaves, with the formation of spotting on them. When watering, it is important that the water does not fall on the rosette of leaves, as well as stagnate in the pot to prevent rotting of the roots.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Fertilizing should start with the onset of early spring. For this fit special mineral fertilizers. They are made with water during irrigation. It is necessary to carry out the procedure in the spring and summer period every 10 days. With the onset of autumn feeding is reduced to 1 time per month. In winter, the room yucca does not need fertilizers, it begins the time of winter dormancy.
Important! You can not make fertilizer for indoor flower, the first two weeks after transplantation. It is necessary to wait until the plant gets stronger and its intensive growth begins.
Beautiful plant Yucca, in form resembles a palm tree, for which it is confused with these representatives. In fact, it is not related to the family of palm plants.
Yucca occurs as a shrub or large tree. In our latitudes, it is represented as a large shrub. Leaves, dense and tough, green. Sometimes there are varieties where the leafy surface is covered with veins of yellow and white color, in form resembling a long and thin sword, and at the edges sharp as a razor. Leaves can stick out in different directions or vice versa, be drooping.
In nature, the leafy cover of yucca, comes to a meter in length. But at home, they grow to 60 cm.
When the yucca blooms, it becomes even more beautiful. Once a year, large buds appear on the plant, blossoming in the form of bells. Flowers are found in white, yellowish or pink. In rare cases, instances of sky blue color are encountered. They are collected in a large panicle, studded with hundreds of buds, stretching upwards. And they originate in the middle of a leaf outlet.
Important. In yucca, there are fruits, in the form of berries or small capsules with seeds. But, unfortunately, the beauty blooms only in its natural environment. Since for pollination of the bush, you need a special butterfly, living only in the tropics or subtropics.
Evergreen beauty, originally from North America, and to be precise, from its southern regions.These territories have a dry climate. But to say that the yucca does not require watering at all will not be correct. Often this plant can be seen on the islands of the Caribbean, where there is high humidity.
What yucca does not tolerate is a cold winter. And so that she does not die in our latitudes, in the cold season, she is carefully covered and prepared for wintering.
Important. In their homeland, yucca is used not only for decoration, but also as an industrial shrub. Leaves create fiber for clothing. This thread is strong and quite often serves as the basis for jeans. In addition, from yucca, get sugar and dye.
Why breed Yucca? It is worth a man, just get this amazing plant, as he wants to get even more copies of beauty, for home or present it as a gift. And a green corner created with the help of yucca will not leave anyone indifferent. This plant can be called a diamond in the home decor. Yucca is propagated in several ways, namely:
Each breeding method is simple and does not require a lot of effort and time. And thanks to home breeding, the florist gets additional plants for his green collection.
Throughout the warm seasons of the year, the yucca is covered with root suckers. They get rid of them so that the plant grows better. Do not rush to throw away extra roots, using them, get new bushes of yucca.
In the fall, sprouts are carefully cut from the parent plant and planted in wet sand. After planting, pour water abundantly and cover with a glass jar on top.
On the formation of a new sprout, it takes about two months, so throughout the whole process, the can is regularly opened and aired. Perform this procedure a couple of times a week. It is imperative to ensure that the room temperature where the containers with offsprings are located is not less than + 20ºС.
When new roots appear on the roots, they are planted in an individual pot. They don’t hurry with transplanting; they give time for firm rooting. After the appearance of the first roots, before landing on a permanent place, at least 2 weeks must pass.
This method is the only one that provides for the cultivation of yucca in the fall.
Yucca, gives a large number of seeds in their homeland. In our latitudes, it practically does not bloom. But if in the flower shop its seeds are on sale, you can try to get shoots in this way. The main condition, the seed must be fresh. In other words, not older than one year.
To obtain sprouts with seeds, make containers in the form of a greenhouse. Mixed turf soil with sand in a ratio of 1: 1, thoroughly moistened. Seed material is laid out on the surface of the mixture, without pressing it. Top cover with glass or film to create a greenhouse. Daily remove the glass or film for ventilation and a couple of times a week to moisten the earth. Due to this procedure, the first shoots appear after four weeks.
Yucca flower, propagated in segments of the trunk throughout the summer. This is one of the easiest ways to breed. The barrel is cut into pieces with a width of 15 cm. Then all the cut pieces are placed in a moist soil with the kidneys to the ground and pressed. After a couple of weeks, the first shoots will appear. They are carefully divided and planted in separate pots. A place cut on the plant, covered with garden pitch.
This is a simple way that does not require painstaking care. For a short period of time, get new shoots.
Reproduction stem processes, performed in early spring. Strong shoots are cut from the trunk of an adult bush. Pay close attention to the cuts on the parent plant, you can not make them deep, because it will harm the trunk and lead to death. The cut itself is covered up.Effective will be garden water or activated carbon, crushed to a state of powder.
The shoot is placed in sandy soil, previously well moistened. If you correctly follow all the recommendations, the sprout will get stronger in a month.
With proper care for yucca, babies can appear in the first year of her life. And to separate the root or stem processes, it is useful for the parent plant. It is necessary to ensure that the children were no more than six on the trunk, for normal growth and development of the main bush, extra children are harmful.
Processes are carefully cut from the parent tree with a knife. The depth of the incision is controlled, it is undesirable to make it deep, so as not to harm the main trunk. When kids are separated, they are planted in a container with wet sand. Liberally watered and covered with a glass jar.
Tanks with children put on the sunny side and keep the room temperature + 20ºС. Water spikes every week and monitor the humidity of the sand.
The roots of the young yucca will appear within two months. After this period, the plant is transplanted into a pot for further growth. But pre-prepare and fertilize the substrate. Soil designed for cacti or palm plants, ideal for yucca. It is purchased in specialized stores.
Necessary conditions for breeding yucca
To obtain new copies of yucca, follow certain rules. During reproduction, the processes of yucca love warm places with high humidity.
The ideal place would be the greenhouse. If it is not possible to grow shoots in special greenhouses, such conditions are created independently. A room is selected where the shoots will grow, provided that the room temperature is at least + 20 ° C, above + 25 ° C, it is undesirable to exceed the temperature, otherwise strong heat will dry all moisture.
Each sprout is planted in a separate container, the usual kitchen vessel will fit. The main thing is to cover the container with glass or plastic to create high humidity inside. Such conditions will help grow from small sprouts, a beautiful plant of yucca.
Which substrate is better to use
The plant is a yucca, loves soil with a small percentage of acidity. The best solution to prepare the mixture yourself. But if there is no desire to mess around, buy soil for cacti or palm plants in specialized stores.
Peat and humus are mixed in equal parts, and sod earth is added at the rate of two parts of the earth to one part of peat, humus and sand. Everything mixes well and it turns out a great substrate.
How to care for leaves, cleaning dust
An unpretentious indoor flower is able to survive the arid climate. To maintain humidity, it is important to spray daily in the summer. In autumn, irrigation takes place every other day. For the procedure it is better to use clean distilled water at room temperature. Regularly wipe the leaves with a damp cloth, removing them from dirt and dust.
In the evening you can arrange a shower. To do this, put the pots on a pallet and poured from a hose. Once a week it is recommended to treat the leaves with soapy water, then rinse with clean water.
A transplant of a houseplant takes place once every two years. When a plant has more than one stem, you need to seat. And perform this manipulation in this way:
- The trunk is divided into several parts along with the root.
- All places slices sprinkled with powdered activated charcoal or covered with garden pitch.
- Each sprout that results from division is planted in a separate pot.
Transplant room yucca, you can at any time of the year. But the best time will be spring. To transplant the plant must be prepared. To begin, cut a third of the leaf cover, and immerse the root for a couple of hours in warm water.
Be sure to ensure that the root system is not damaged during transplantation. Yucca loves vitamin supplements, they are brought directly into the new soil.
Important. If you follow all the rules of care and planting, a luxurious beauty grows from a little yucca, which will become the most beautiful decoration of your home.
After the purchase
When buying plants, it is transplanted within two days. New vase for yucca choose a few inches more than the old one.
The best pots for a plant are considered to be clay or ceramic pots, due to their natural origin and a drainage hole of a suitable size. Although containers made of plastic, are also successfully used, having previously made an additional hole in them to waste excess water. This type of container is more affordable, and in use is not worse than clay.
When the pot is selected, proceed to planting. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the tank, in the form of small gravel or red brick, broken into pieces. Then, on top of the drainage, the prepared soil is poured. It is purchased in a specialty store or prepared personally. The main thing to attend the sand.
From the old pot, carefully remove the yucca. Earth lump, present at the root, can not be removed. The plant is placed in a new pot and covered with a substrate on each side, compacting it with a spatula. Planted plant, abundantly watered.
Next, a pot of yucca, transferred to a dark place. And comply with the temperature + 25 ° C. During the week, yucca is sprayed three times a day with water. After a week of adaptation, the flower is chosen sunny corner in the room, and rearranged it already for permanent residence.
For compliance with all conditions, yucca will thank the owner of luxurious beauty. And it will delight for many years.
Every time it is time to transplant a yucca, you should follow one rule when choosing a pot. Old capacity fits in new capacity. And in order not to lose the size, the ideal distance between the pots in diameter is no more than three centimeters.
Yucca grows slowly. And if you choose a pot for more, then the growth of the plant will stop for a long period, until the root system is compacted. First and foremost, the crown will suffer. After all, all the nutrients the root will take for growth.
Yucca Transplant in the Fall
As described above, the room yucca can be transplanted at any time of the year. But it is better not to engage in transplanting in the autumn, but to give the opportunity to prepare the plant for a rest period. After landing in the new pot, will not give a full sleep yucca, and force to throw all the forces for rooting in the new place of residence. This will lead to flower disease.
Yucca transplantation, engaged since February. The main thing is to adhere to strict rules, so that yucca pleases with its beauty, not diseases.
As for garden plants. Such specimens are planted only in the spring in order to take root well and get used to the new conditions. Autumn yucca can not be planted. By frost, she does not have time to grow the root, and may die in the cold. And even a good insulation will not save her. The main thing for yucca is to observe the period of its unhurried adaptation to new conditions.
Garden Yucca Transplant
Garden yucca, after the acquisition immediately planted in a flower bed. The plot is chosen with good lighting and protected from drafts. Planted early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset.
Dig a hole 60 cm deep and 80 cm wide for a young plant. Deepening is done more by 10 cm. If the plant is an adult. Soil for landing, prepares in advance, it will require:
All components are mixed in equal parts and moistened. Part of the substrate is poured into the prepared pit, where the yucca is placed and the rest of the soil is poured in from above, compacting with a shovel. Next, a small hole is made around the plant. Poured warm water is poured into it.In the first week, after planting, the plant is sprayed daily.
Basically, garden yucca does not bloom in our latitudes. But sometimes there are exceptions. In the first year, the plant will not give flowers, this period, the yucca gets used to the new conditions. Ready to bloom, the plant becomes the third year.
Yucca is a truly royal plant. In the care she is not whimsical, but in return presents her owner with incredible beauty. Every plant lover can purchase this miracle for their home, and independently get new plants.
An exotic charm, always repays with luxurious beauty, the house where it grows. Yucca, will be the most beautiful decoration for any home. Today, it is widely used for the decoration of office buildings and public institutions. Yucca, was widely accepted for its unpretentious care.
A transplant consists of the following steps:
- Pick up the pot, 2 cm more than before.
- Prepare a fertile substrate, organize drainage.
- The plant is neatly handled by transfer from the pot.
- Remove all rotten and diseased roots, old soil.
- Place the flower in the prepared container.
- From above fill up the soil, slightly thickening it.
- Slightly moisten the soil, then watering after 2 weeks.
The need for a procedure every 2-3 years. Make it better in the spring. It is not allowed to replant Yucca during winter dormancy.
Like many plants, a palm tree can multiply in several ways:
- trunk segments,
- apical stem.
Seed way is best to start in February. For this, seeds are sown in boxes prepared with soil, sprinkling a layer of earth no more than 5 mm on top. The boxes are placed in a warm and lighted place, covered with film or glass on top. Moisten with a spray bottle so as not to wash the seed. Daily open film for airing. In a month you can observe the emergence of shoots, the film must be removed.
In the spring, the top of the plant is cut off with leaves, and the cut point is treated with a garden pitch. After a certain time, new lateral shoots appear on the trunk. The top for 2 days put in a glass of water. After placed in wet sand, covered with a film on top. After rooting, the top of the plant is planted in a separate pot prepared with soil.
For the reproduction of the flower, the trunk is cut into several parts, the cut is processed by the bar. Parts of the trunk are planted in the prepared wet substrate of sand and peat, covered with a film on top, forming a mini greenhouse. After a month, remove the film. It is allowed to put parts of the trunk horizontally, slightly crushing them to the ground. After a certain time, buds will begin to appear on them. This method is better to produce in the summer, when the Yucca flower has an intensive growth.
Yucca can often be subject to fungal diseases with improper care:
- Spotting on the leaves. The fungal disease is formed as brown spots on the leaves. When it is necessary to reduce watering, irrigation, reduce the humidity of the air. All affected parts are removed from the plant.
- Rotting of the stem or roots. When identifying the first signs of the disease, it is important to remove all affected parts of the plant from the main bush. Arrange moderate watering and reduce the humidity in the room.
In addition to diseases, pests can appear on the flower. The most common and well-known are: scammer and spider mite. A spider mite appears on the underside of the leaves. After which the leaves become dull in color and die. In preventive measures it is necessary to treat the leaves with soapy water, and spray the plant with insecticides. Dummy shield affects not only the leaves, but also the stems. If you do not take measures to control pests, the flower may die.
The most basic mistakes when growing yucca in room conditions are:
- Due to the overmoistening of the soil, dark spots appear on the leaves, and the trunk also becomes soft. It is necessary to reduce watering and reduce humidity in the room.
- White dry spots on the leaves appear in a dry and well-lit room. It is necessary to change the place of the pot in partial shade.
- Foliage curls and brown spots appear due to the lack of temperature and poor light during the winter dormancy. It is necessary to provide the plant with additional lighting and increase the temperature.
- Fungal diseases occur due to an overabundance of moisture. It should stop watering, in a timely manner to fertilize.
- Root rotting is formed if moisture accumulates in the pan. When found, you need to transplant a flower, removing all the affected parts of the root system.
Yucca is an unpretentious plant, if you give it a minimum of time, it will perfectly decorate the interior.