Carpets of flowers fascinating with their beauty, having all shades of violet - this is obriet. This is a very capricious plant with more than 40 species. It is popular with gardeners. To decorate your site with this plant, you need to know the features of cultivation.
What is Obriet?
Aubrieta is perennial culture. It can grow very wide and spread along the ground, forming a floral carpet. The main shade of its flowers is purple, but they are also pink, red and white. Small buds consist of 4 petals. Bloom start in late spring with a duration of 45-50 days. The second period of flowering in the fall.
The main feature of Aubrieta is its ability to grow on rocky terrain. Therefore, it is an ideal option for rock gardens, stone paths. Although Obriet is quite capricious, she can take root anywhere. It is frost resistant, does not lose foliage for the winter and does not fade. The garden in winter thanks to this looks amazing. However, if the winter has little snow, this plant is covered with spruce branches.
Most Popular varieties Aubriets:
Aubrieta: growing from seed
Seed propagation is the most convenient way to grow obriety. Carry out this procedure in the fall and planted immediately in open ground. Many gardeners sow seeds at the end of spring, but in this case the bush will not bloom in the summer anyway.
Before sowing all weeds are removed from the soil along with the roots and loosen it carefully. This is necessary so that the young shoots are not mixed with the weeds and do not die. So that the weed does not interfere with growth, it should be sown on hills or in crevices between stones.
Young shoots are watered very carefully. It is best to spray the soil, otherwise you can damage the delicate young shoots.
Some gardeners make sowing at home according to the following scheme: the seeds are dipped in vermiculite, which is a part of the earth mixture, and kept there for about 2 months. In the first 2-3 weeks the temperature should be 18-20 degrees, for this, the seeds are covered with polyethylene. After the eighth week planted in the ground.
Grow a shriek in a sunny place. Any shadow contributes to the fact that the bush will not bloom, but will remain evergreen, with pale leaves. In such a place, Obriet will not grow in breadth, but will begin to stretch in length.
Substrate for sowing should be infertile and light. If there is a surplus of sand in it, then Aubriet will take it well, which cannot be said about clayey soil. Be sure to feed the soil with ash or lime to reduce its acidity. Its level should be 6-7.5, the shift is possible only in the direction of alkali. Sure to feed shave peatand when it begins to bloom, complex fertilizer is introduced.
- If an obriet is grown from seed, then it may lose the qualities inherent in this variety.
- A plant grown from seeds, blooms only in the second year after planting it in the ground.
A young plant needs a lot of moisture, but only at the initial stage. After enough rain and sparse watering on hot days. Aubrieta is indifferent to moisture, so the soil is gradually drained. Excessive moisture harms the adult plant, it begins to bloom sluggishly. But to mulch the soil after sowing is necessary three times using river sand. The layer should be no more than 5 centimeters, and placed closer to the roots, which contributes to the intensive growth of the bush.
Care of obrieta includes trimming. After spring flowering, remove all the stems to the root, in order to avoid excessive growth.Instead of shoots harvested grow new ones that begin to bloom in the fall. Just bloom will not be so abundant, and the greens will dominate over the buds. In order for the bush to have an attractive appearance for a long time, it is necessary to remove dried leaves and shoots from it. In the fall, pruning is not done, dead leaves are eliminated in spring.
Aubrieta practically unaffected by pests. Only aphid can pester. From her leaves begin to frown and dry shoots. It is necessary to fight it with insecticides, but only very carefully and in the most extreme cases. Instead, they carry out prophylaxis - they start intensively feeding the soil when sowing and then mulch it. You can spray the bushes infusion of nettle.
Obriet can become ill only with powdery mildew, as a result of which it is covered with white bloom. Treat it with colloidal sulfur, which is dissolved in water. If the disease has spread to the entire bush, it must be destroyed so as not to infect other healthy plants.
Reproduction of obriety is carried out with seeds, and given its high frost resistance, they can be sown directly in open ground. But in areas with frequent return frosts, it is better to grow from seed through seedlings, and only after that determine the plants for a permanent place. This agrotechnical technique will be relevant and, if necessary, the decoration of flower beds.
Aubrieta is a unique plant that does not shed its leaves for the winter. Throughout the year, this perennial will be green and will not lose its attractiveness even with strong frosts.
Terms and technology of sowing
The optimal time for sowing seedlings is the first of February (for regions with warm and early spring) or mid-February (for northern regions).
Planting material is sown in separate containers filled with fertile soil. For these purposes, it is recommended to use peat tablets, flower pots, plastic cups. When using peat pots, seedlings develop a root system better due to good air circulation, reducing the risk of seed decay and root damage during transplantation. The only negative is the high cost of peat tanks.
Tip! At the seedling stage, Obriety has very sensitive roots. In order not to injure them when picking and transplanting, it is preferable to sow the seeds immediately in separate cups or pots.
Use a common large container for the seedlings of this perennial is not worth it, because the roots in the process of their development are intertwined and are often damaged during transplantation. Recommended option - flower pots. At the bottom, be sure to make holes through which excessive moisture will leave. In one pot with a diameter of 15 cm is allowed to sow up to 4 seeds.
The soil should be loose. To prepare it yourself, you need to mix garden soil and peat or sand. Do not damage also rotted sawdust. To speed up the growth of seedlings, you need to add chopped egg shells, a little lime. It is strictly forbidden to take heavy clay soil: plants will not be able to grow and develop normally in it.
At the bottom of the pot is laid drainage of small pebbles. After the tank is filled with fertile soil, moisten it with a spray bottle and sow the seeds, which are sprinkled with sand on top. To create the greenhouse effect, the pot is covered with film material; it is removed only after the sprouts appear.
Since aubration is a heat-loving plant, it is advisable to install seed pots in a well-lit place. But there is one caveat: direct sunlight should not fall into the tank. Perennial well perceives cool air. The optimal temperature for it is + 18-22 ° C.
The room where the seedlings are contained must be periodically ventilated, avoiding drafts.In the evening, special lamps will be useful for highlighting the plants, this will accelerate growth.
For seedlings timely watering and loosening of the soil is very important. For irrigation, it is recommended to use separated water at room temperature, the procedure is carried out in the evening. Excessive soil moistening provokes various diseases, so watering is carried out as the top layer dries. If there are weeds, they are removed.
To strengthen the root system and improve the nutrition of the sprouts, they are seated in separate containers (if several seeds were sown in one pot). The procedure should be carried out after the appearance of three or four true leaves.
Separate the seedlings should be carefully, the soil must first be moistened. Using a small spatula, fork or the like, sprouts are broken in and taken out of the soil, then transferred to a new container or directly to the site (if the weather permits and the composition of the soil allows).
Move to open ground
The plant does not tolerate the transplant, therefore, in order to minimize the stress for the plant, the roots must not be damaged and the place for planting must be prepared in advance. From garden accessories you will need:
- sapka, which form the holes,
- mulch sand
- tank filled with water
- special gloves.
Leaves obriyeta used in cooking, they can be cooked or used in raw form.
Timing and site selection
Planted seedlings grown in the open area is recommended after the threat of night frost has passed. Best of all - in the middle of May.
In order to provide comfortable conditions for flowers, the place should be chosen well lit, but where there is no through or constant winds. In the shade perennial usually does not bloom.
It is recommended to grow obriet on sandy, loose, sufficiently drained soil. Heavy clay and acid earth adversely affects the plant. It was noted that the aubretia is perfectly acclimatized on rocky areas, so it can be safely planted near curbs and on rocky slopes.
Before planting seedlings on the plot, it is necessary to first clean the ground of weeds, loosen and lightly water. Hole to form the holes, their depth and width should match the size of the root system of the flower. When planting it is important to observe the distance between the plants, at least 5 cm.
Tip! Aubrieta looks very impressive, planted between the steps, in the cracks of the stone walls and along the terraces. Falling carpets from aubrecia, which are planted on top of stone stands and fences, are particularly beautiful.
The plant should be placed in the center of the fossa and, holding with one hand, pour the ground, slightly tamping it. In the end, the seedlings are well watered and the ground under the bushes is covered with sand, wood ash.
Herbaceous perennial attracts flower growers with its unpretentious care. It is important to monitor the condition of the soil so that it does not dry out and a crust does not form on top, preventing air from reaching the roots of the flower. In addition, it is recommended to regularly loosen the land, periodically make micronutrients and mulch planting. Only with such an approach, aubration can bloom beautifully and for a long time.
Watering and loosening the soil
When watering do not need much zeal, excessive moisture only harm the plants. Frequent moistening of the earth will be necessary only after transplanting from a tank to a permanent place, and flowers that have grown strong need to be watered only in dry weather. To strengthen the root system, many gardeners add sodium humate to the water for irrigation.
To prevent flowers from rotting the root system, mulching of the ground will be possible with sawdust and sand. Weeds should also be removed periodically.If weeds grow on the flowerbed, then part of the nutrients will go to maintain them, and obriet in conditions of nutritional deficiencies will lag significantly in growth and development.
Useful micronutrients contribute twice throughout the growing season. The first dressing is done a week after transplantation to a permanent place, the second - after trimming. Good results are given by the use of complex fertilizers for flowering perennials, they are made according to the instructions on the packaging.
Duration of flowering is almost six weeks. To cause re-budding, you need to cut to the root of all the shoots after the plant has faded. Then you should fertilize the soil and zamulchirovat river sand. It is not recommended to prune after the second flowering, otherwise the roots will freeze over the winter and the plant will die.
Pests and diseases
Most often, Obriet is affected by the ailment. These are such small insects, which in a short time are able to suck all the juice from the plant. Aphids come in yellow, black, red and brown color. Detect harmful insects easily on the glossy shiny leaf surface and pale inflorescences, the parasites themselves are under the leaves.
As an effective remedy against aphids, florists use nettle infusion prepared at the rate of 1 kg of fito-raw materials per 10 liters of water, the time of infusion is 24 hours. Insecticides need to use only in very neglected cases.
To prevent the emergence of aphids in the flower bed, the soil after planting and sowing seeds sprinkled with wood ash. The frequency of treatment - once a month.
Powdery mildew and root rot are among the most common diseases that affect obriet. Their source - excessive moisture in the flower garden. A clear sign of powdery mildew is brown scurf on leaves and stems. If you do not take any measures in time, then Aubrieta will die. An effective way to combat the disease is to process colors with a solution of colloidal sulfur (0.3%). The use of fungicides is justified only with a strong defeat of perennial.
Root rot is shown by brown spots on all parts of the plant. To save the flower garden, it is necessary to stop watering and sprinkle the earth with sand or rotted sawdust. Perennial must be sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur.
Aubrieta is an amazingly beautiful plant that is unpretentious in care and can bloom twice. To grow it, it is enough to adhere to the basic rules of agricultural technology.
Aubrieta - a living carpet: landing and care
Aubrieta is a perennial plant that is very popular in modern gardening. It is used to decorate flowerbeds and create a living blooming carpet.
Planting obriety, breeding and caring for her in the open field is a pleasant and interesting occupation, and a variety of varieties will allow you to emphasize the individuality of your garden.
Aubrieta: Varieties and VarietiesThe second name Obriyeta - aubretsiya. Perennial plants grown primarily for use in landscape design. The culture is referred to as a ground cover due to its particular growth: the bushes grow, covering the ground with them, forming a very beautiful living carpet.
Aubrieta will help you create a unique landscape design of your site
The flowers of aubrecia are not large, but their numbers are impressive. Color varied from white to purple and blue.
Flowering occurs in two stages - from the end of May (about 45 days) and in September (30-35 days).
In the photo you can see that the plant is low (10-13 cm), from evergreen leaves forms beautiful flowering pillows.
Varieties and types of aubration differ not only in the color of flowering, but also in its shape, as well as in the structure of the plant itself. The choice of varieties of obriety depends only on the personal preferences of the gardener.
Cascade. Quite a popular variety obriyety.Perennial plants have beautiful flowers of blue or red with a small yellow core. The leaves are gray-green, remain so year-round, decorating the garden, even in winter. For this species, pruning is recommended immediately after flowering, which falls on the beginning or middle of summer.
Hybrid or cultural. The earliest of all types of aubrecia. Flowering pink, purple and sometimes red hues, towering above the green foliage. It looks very beautiful in stones, in cracks of walls, fences. Among all varieties of hybrid obriyeta distinguish:
Obriet Henderson's hybrid variety
- “Charming Morocco” is a variety with the largest flowers (up to 1.5 cm in diameter), the color is varied - from blue to pink and red,
- "Dr. Mules" - a rather high grade (14-16 cm tall), with delicate blue-violet flowers,
- "Borshigh White" - the only variety with large white inflorescences.
Deltoid. People call it “Lilac bush”. Under natural conditions, varieties of this species are found in Southeastern Europe. The flowers are purple, blue or purple medium-sized (1 cm diameter). The inflorescences are collected in a brush, which makes the plant similar to lilac.
Planting a plant
Once the warm spring sun has warmed outside the window and the night frosts have receded, you can land a curry. This is usually done at the end of April - early May (depending on the region).
Care should be taken when choosing a landing site. Cultivation is recommended when there is a lot of sunlight.
The lighter the place, the more abundant the blooms are, and the blossoms become more saturated.
The plant feels good in the lungs of not very fertile lands. The presence of lime or chalk is welcome. Oily soils, peat and clay do not like shaved, and on them it will be capricious, if it takes root at all.
Aubrieto can be planted in open ground in early spring
The plant is buried in the ground in accordance with the length of the root. The distance between the bushes is not less than 5 cm. The planting pattern is arbitrary, depending on the purpose pursued by the gardener.
Important! To reduce the acidity in the soil make lime or wood ash.
Planting on a hill is welcome - an alpine slide, a wall, blooming waves.
Care of obrieta
Although the plant is unpretentious, but should not be ignored. Planting and care include several basic points.
The first and only abundant watering is carried out when planting aubrecia in open ground. Further watering is carried out in rather scant portions. Excess moisture in the soil harms the flowers obriyeta. They crumble and the plant looks dull.
Keep the plant from over-irrigation
Aubrieta does not tolerate moisture, but it also does not apply to drought very well, therefore the soil under the plant is mulched with sand, a layer of 2-3 cm. In early summer, the mulch is renewed, and at the end of August mulching is carried out again.
To obriet not lost decorativeness, bloomed buds must be removed. Since the plant is perennial, at the end of flowering bushes must be pruned. Then comes the abundant autumn bloom, after which pruning is not recommended. To cut the bushes and remove damaged leaves must be before the next season - in the spring.
Mulching around Aubrieta
With the arrival of autumn, the flowers do not shed green mass, but in case of increased frost the leaves may fall off. Some gardeners are advised to cover the plant with dry foliage or straw.
Tip! So that the soil does not become too wet, take care of drainage at the landing site.
Fertilizer and dressing
Fertilizer plants are not very fond of. Top dressing requires no more than two times per season. Mineral and potash fertilizers are best absorbed. You can limit the introduction of wood ash.
Tip! You can feed only grown seedlings before flowering.
If the obriet was supplemented with nitrogenous fertilizers, growing it is difficult. It is also not recommended to feed young seedlings after transplantation in open ground. The most appropriate is the introduction of fertilizer before flowering and after trimming the bushes.
When growing obriety fertilizing can not be used
Reproduction Obriety carried out by several methods, each of them is good in its own way.
- Reproduction by cuttings. After spring pruning of the bushes, the strongest and strongest cuttings are placed in a greenhouse in a special mixture of sand and peat. At the end of the summer, they are transplanted to a permanent place so that they have time to take root in the open field and get stronger before the onset of cold weather.
- Reproduction by seeds. This is the easiest and most effective way. Obriety seed germination is a long process, so they are sown one month before the expected last frosts. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 19 ° C not in open ground, but under a film. As soon as the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and when warm weather is established without night frosts, they transplant the seedlings.
- It is also possible to propagate a plant by dividing the bushbut this method is painful for obriety and is produced in rare cases.
Diseases and pests
Aubrieta is a plant resistant to many bacteria, viruses and pests. The greatest damage to it can cause excessive watering: root decay of the root system and the death of the plant. It can also harm the wrong choice of soil. Among insects, the plant is most often affected by aphids.
At the first symptoms of bacterial lesions, the plant must be treated with insecticides.
Powdery mildew is the most common disease among all varieties of obriety. On the affected areas appears plaque, there is a deformation of the sheet. They struggle with the problem of using colloidal sulfur. Most often, affected plants are removed and burned.
Tip! Carry out the right care when grown and the plant will not be afraid of neither disease nor pests.
Aubrieta: combination with other plants
The most common partners obriyeta garden are plants, creeping on the ground. It goes well with euphorbia or Caucasian rezuhoy, red soap or alissum.
The combination is carried out in color. Varieties that have all shades of red will complement perennial dwarf irises, in which bloom is dominated by blue or Douglas phlox.
Aubrieta in landscape design
Aubrieta in landscape design
In landscape design, Obriet most often acts as a living blooming carpet in a curb or rock garden, where it will create an inimitable background for plants that bloom a little later. Aubrecia looks very nice in flower beds decorated with natural stones (rockeries). Some gardeners manage to plant a plant in the cracks of the walls, creating indescribable beauty cascades.
We grow obriyet (aubretion). All the tricks of landing and care
There is no such summer resident or gardener who has never planted this charming little flower called Obriet at least once in his life. Caring for her does not differ special difficulties, if you have ever engaged in any garden plants.
It will not be difficult to make friends with her and newbies: just follow our simple instructions and tips! With proper care after a short time you will get a real gem of your landscape design, which will delight you in the country from the beginning of spring to the first summer days, as well as in the fall.
The flower is a perennial ground cover plant.
Grows in rocky conditions or near the river
This beauty from the perennial cabbage family, originally from Asia Minor, southern Europe and Latin America. Aubrieta does not grow in flood plains and fields; it can be found near rocky slopes and on river banks.
Modest in appearance, but unusual inside, it shows its unique character, and this contrast of modest appearance and complex character captivates people.
Small purple inflorescences, framed by green leaves, it spreads on any surface, but requires regular attention and care.
Delightfully blooming lilac cascades in hedge design
Aubrieta has a second name - aubrecia, it belongs to a noble family of ground cover landscape plants. The flowers are not particularly large, but form a dense pile of living cloth, which designers use as imitation panels, planted on a vertical surface or as a picturesque carpet, making out horizontally extensive islands of earth.
The full charm of the plant is revealed in abundant varieties. There are more than twelve of them, but most gardeners prefer only some of them.
Best choice for cameos in your garden
Also possible to grow at home
Common landscape varieties
- Cascade - a perennial type of flowers with red or blue color with a yellow center. The leaves have a year-round gray-green color.
- Hybrid - the earliest variety, mostly with pink or purple flowers, but sometimes there are species with scarlet petals. They slightly protrude above the foliage that the decorators noticed and used in the design of gardens, where there are stone elements, fence cracks and vychercherina in the walls of hedges . Filling them, they give a unique natural flavor. Hybrid aubration is divided into several subspecies, three of them are considered the most beautiful. These are “Dr. Mules” with purple-blue flowers and tall stature up to 16 cm tall, “enchanting Morocco” with the largest flowers up to 1.5 cm in diameter (the color can be different) and “borshiz white” is a unique and unique subspecies with large, exclusively white flowers.
- Deltoid. In the common people - lilac bush. Flowers have a purple, blue or purple color, and inflorescences are formed in the form of brushes, for which the plant was compared with the branches of lilacs.
When is the best time to sow?
Reproduction occurs by seed, practiced in two ways - with the preliminary cultivation of seedlings and without its use.
Tip! Experienced gardeners are advised to choose a seedling method, since by sowing seeds directly into the ground by September (second bloom), the splitting of varieties often occurs.
What should be done:
- we prepare small containers with peat tablets (they can be bought at any gardening shop),
- lay the seeds on a wetted substrate, sprinkle them with a small amount of sand,
- we wet the sandy layer from the spray,
- put under the film.
Tip! The normal temperature for high-quality aging is + 18-20 ° C.
It is necessary to air crops, for this periodically it is necessary to remove polyethylene, it is also necessary to moisten the soil as it dries. However, watering should be careful - the plant does not like excess moisture.
For two weeks, then, as time comes to plant seedlings, it must be fertilized with fertilizer. This is usually a complex of minerals in the right concentration, it is sold in specialized stores with detailed instructions.
Tip! Aubriet does not tolerate the picking process very well, so in order to avoid intermediate transplanting of seedlings, it is necessary to plant them immediately in separate vessels.
Luxurious combination of violet and purple
Spectacular perennial on a stone fence
There, the pre-grown seedlings are transplanted in the first warm days, when there is no threat of night frost. Most often this is the first half of May. The depth of the hole is done in proportion to the roots, and the width should be twice the capacity in which the planting material has grown. The distance between the flowers should be about five centimeters.
The place for planting is better to choose areas with maximum sunlight, the soil itself should be scanty, the principle “the worse, the better” works here, because aubration, strangely enough, grows best on stones or between concrete slabs. The soil must be neutral and well pass moisture.
Many novice gardeners fear that they will not cope with the process of growing shoots, or they simply do not have time for this. In this case, they can sow the seeds immediately in the ground.
The process of planting in such a case differs from the preliminary removal from the seeds of its simplicity.
However, there is a nuance that can be considered a minus: after planting seeds immediately in the soil, the plant blooms only in the second year of life.
Tip! If you want to bloom happen immediately, use the method with a preliminary breeding of seedlings at home. But if you do not have time and you are not confident in your skills, the second method is easier. True, you will see flowers only in a year.
An adult plant needs abundant watering only during the first planting if seedlings are used. Further, it will require water only when the land is completely dry, almost during drought. If you water it often, you risk losing the abundance of flowers, giving the reins solely its green leaves.
Tip! The best irrigation option is sprinkling. It is necessary to install a spray device, in extreme cases, you can use a small watering can.
Before the beginning of flowering periods in early spring and autumn, the obrietu should be fertilized with fertilizer. In early summer, the plant is cut almost to ground level, so that by the fall it can give it a second life. This contributes to the update and gives the opportunity to grow new shoots with flowers.
Planting should take place on scant soil.
How to use cut cuttings?
After pruning there are always a lot of good cuttings, which are a great pity to throw away. And do not do this, because there is another way of reproduction with their help.
They land in the substrate from a mixture of equal parts of sand and peat in the greenhouse, and in August they return to their permanent place. Before winter, they manage to gain a foothold and settle down.
In places with severe cold they can be left to live under the greenhouse until the spring.
Elegant flowering of this plant will not leave anyone indifferent
Stone steps decorated with luxurious perennial
What to do in case of illness?
This is usually a plant that is resistant to many viruses and insects, and it is possible to inflict the main damage only by overflowing, which provokes the rotting of the roots. In addition, there are two more enemies - aphid and powdery mildew.
Mealy dew is a fungus, a sign of its appearance is a whitish bloom on flowers and leaves, in a state of neglect it turns brown. This ailment slows growth, destroys the beautiful decorative look and greatly reduces the resistance to winter. Powdery mildew panacea is colloidal sulfur.
Aphid is a bloodsucker for plants, it eats away all juices and breeds viruses, but to destroy it is simple - it is enough to buy and apply karbofos, biotlin, fufanon or arrivo.
Multicolored tenderness, which is not inferior to the most expensive soft tissues, thin living carpet of soft petals, blooming fairy bed - that's what Aubrieta means. Imagine: a cool summer evening, beautiful trees, an open terrace, a chaise lounge, a small table and a truly paradise blooming island, over which a flock of colorful butterflies flies ... Imagine? And now, rather, for the seeds!
Obriet's flower - landing and leaving in an open ground. Cultivation of seeds, methods of reproduction. Description, types
Aubrieta, or aubretia, is a type of herbaceous plant that belongs to the Cabbage family, and is an evergreen, creeping perennial shrub. It is found in European countries, for example, in Italy, France, and in the countries of South America. Habitats everywhere different.
Aubrieto can be seen on the rocks, along river banks, in gardens or rock gardens. The name of the plant was due to the famous illustrator Claude Aubrie, who wrote his works in the botanical genre. During flowering, the obriet resembles a continuous green carpet.
A distinctive individual feature of the plant is the ability to produce healthy and rich foliage for a whole year.
Flower description obriyeta
Small leaves of elongated shape have toothed ends and a rough surface. A cup of flower consists of four petals, which reach a diameter of about 1 cm. Their color is the most diverse. All flowers are collected in racemes inflorescences.
The flowering of the orbietus is abundant for the whole season. If you follow the regular care of the plant, following the advice of gardeners, you can also see re-flowering in the fall.
The fruit on the external signs resembles a bean pod, in which small brown seeds ripen.
To start growing this amazing flower in your garden, you need to learn how to plant seedlings, and only then transfer it to open ground. Below we look at how the plant multiplies, its diseases, ways of protection against insects and the rules for caring for a flower.
Planting obriety in open ground
As soon as the spring frosts recede, you can begin to transplant shaving out of the seedling tank. Choose a territory for growing a flower should be with full responsibility. Consider the fact that this plant loves the bright sun and does not tolerate shade.
To achieve intensive and long-term flowering, it is necessary to prepare a plot for planting on the sunny side of a vegetable garden or garden. For the cultivation of obriyety fit even the most meager soil. It grows well on any rocky terrain and is picky about the choice of soil.
However, the soil should absorb moisture well and have ash or peat in its composition. A small slightly alkaline or neutral soil environment is allowed.
You can plant a haircut on a flower bed as you please. The plant is quite supple and flexible. The size and length of the roots of seedlings affect the depth of planting. The width of the hole must be made half the width of the seedling pot.
When growing a flower in a plastic container, the dishes should be dipped in water so as not to damage the plant when taken out. After the air bubbles rise to the surface of the pot, the seedling is carefully taken out and placed in the hole.
The area of soil around it is pressed a little and sprinkled with sand, then watered.
Recommendations for the collection of seeds
As mentioned earlier, the seed method of reproduction does not allow the seedlings to save varietal properties.
However, if the task is to collect the seeds, then for this during the pruning must be left on the bush a few shoots with ovaries. After the pods mature and darken, they need to be cut.
The husked seeds are dried and thoroughly aired. They are then used for planting in the manner described above.
Preparing Aubriques for Winter
After spring flowering, experienced gardeners tend to prune. In the case of another flowering that happens in the fall, it is recommended to leave all the leaves and shoots intact for the winter.
Re-pruning is best done next season. An adult perennial plant can safely endure winter with sufficient snow cover.
Under more severe conditions, it is necessary to cover the bush with dry foliage and spruce branches to protect it from death and freezing.
Obriet flower can be propagated by any convenient means, as the plant is unpretentious in this regard. Mainly used the method of reproduction by seed or cuttings. Growing obriety from seedlings was described in detail by us a little earlier.
Gardeners who have a great experience in breeding various flower crops choose a seed method of reproduction. Before planting, a section of the flower bed is cleared of weeds, small stones and dug up.
A mixture of fertilizers is applied to the prepared soil, then it is sprinkled with wood ash and chalk and moistened. Seeds are planted in some distance from each other, after which they are sprinkled with sand and watered.
If planting was carried out in the spring, then the first shoots can be expected after 10-20 days. In the case of the autumn planting of seeds, young shoots will appear only next year.
Reproduction by cuttings
The method of propagation by cuttings is widespread. When pruning in the summer, as a rule, a large number of green shoots remain on which there are no flowers. For planting cuttings used greenhouse.
It is prepared in advance prepared soil, consisting of peat and sand. Cuttings, rooted, transplanted to a flower bed.
In areas where low winter temperatures prevail, seedlings are left in the greenhouse until spring arrives, so that they, as it should, be able to get stronger and take root.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division of the bush is carried out both in spring and in autumn, however, the plant is quite difficult to tolerate such an event. Often it is carried out in a certain sequence.
Initially, it is required to dig out the bush obriety and divide it into equal parts, in which there will be strong shoots and roots. Then they are planted in different holes. It should be noted that this method of reproduction is not always successful.
The separated parts of the plant are difficult to take root, so gardeners prefer growing obriety from seed or cuttings.
Types and varieties of obrieta
Today there are about 12 species of this flower, including cultivated varieties. In our area seldom such species as Obriet is white, Obriet is elegant, Obriet Kolumk.
Here, for example, Obriet deltoid, which looks like a short, perennial green plant, has become more widespread. The leaves are toothed at the edges and gray-green color. Small purple flowers are collected in racemes resembling a lilac bush.
The flowering period begins in late spring and lasts about a month. This type of obrieta is considered the first cultivated flower species.
Aubrieta hybrid or cultural - is a plant that reaches a height of about 20 cm, which can winter well. Leaves with serrated ends have an elongated shape, flowers of purple color of small diameter. Aubrieu cultural propagated by seeds. The most popular are the following varieties:
- Aubrieta cascade, having flowers of various color and gray-green leaves. The bush of this sort keeps greens even for the winter.
- Charming Morocco is an elegant flower with large cups of blue, red or pink color.
- Cote d'Azur is an obrietya variety that is characterized by abundant and frequent flowering throughout the year.
- The giant waterfall is a perennial hybrid of lilac, pink or red color, grows up to 15 cm and has small flowers.
There are other equally famous varieties Obriety: Carnival, Gloriosa, Wanda, Blue King, Queen, Royal Keskade, Triumphant and others.
Aubrieta seed growing - planting and care
Aubrieta is a cute herbaceous perennial that can surprisingly transform your summer cottage.
He will cover the rock arias or the alpine slide with a colorful carpet, create a bright background for other flowers in the flowerbed, decorate vertical surfaces with a cascade. Aubrieta is also good as a potted indoor plant.
It can be grown as a balcony culture and gets along seamlessly with all the blossoming neighbors on the site. It is best to grow a plant from seed.
Aubrieta seed growing: when planted
The color of the flowers in this highly decorative plant can be very diverse. There are varieties with flowers:
- light blue
- pale pink
Flower color obriyeta
Obriet is from South European and Central Asian countries. This ground cover is suitable for continuous vertical and horizontal decoration of gardens and has been successfully used by landscape designers all over the world.
Tip! The flowering plant, grown from seeds, begins in May next year. The flowering period - lasting one and a half months. If you cut the shoots obriety immediately after flowering, it can bloom again.
Thus, it is easy to provide a flowering carpet throughout the summer.
Earth, light, water
Aubrieto is difficult to attribute to unpretentious colors. She demanding immediately to the three agrotechnical points:
- Soil composition
- Watering mode.
In addition, the plant is almost impossible to propagate by dividing the bush - it is very poor tolerant of transplantation and the percentage survival rate of delenok is low. Therefore, the seed method of sowing directly into the soil in a flower bed or alpine slide is optimal.
Grow the seedlings obriyeta worth only in peat tablets
In order not to risk loss of germination when picking and landing in the ground, when growing seedlings, the curry should be sown only in a peat tablet. Thus, the plant will not be damaged during transplantation.
When to sow
Aubrieto can be sown in the soil, both in spring and autumn. Spring is May. Autumn - October. If seeds are sown in the spring, germination can be expected in 10-15 days. When sowing in autumn, the plant sprouts only the next year in spring.
Seeds are immediately sown in a regular place at suitable intervals. Do not over-thicken the crops - seedlings will not be able to develop normally, and the area of food for them will be insufficient. But it’s too rare to sow a ground cover either. The optimum distance between the bushes, depending on the variety, is 15-20 cm.
Seeds are immediately sown in a regular place at suitable intervals.
It is very important to choose the site that is most suitable for the plant. Aubrieta looks impressive anywhere, but not everywhere it will grow well. She needs to provide a light nutrient primer with an alkaline reaction. Acid soils are not suitable for plants.
Heavy clay soils are also contraindicated, but the sandy loam likes plants.
Tip! Aubrieta is a very light-loving plant. It does not make sense to sow it in the shade, because the leaves will stretch, flowering will be scarce and the expected decorative effect will not work.
Before sowing the soil needs to be prepared.
- Clear from stones and weeds.
- Dig to the depths of half a black spade (10-15 cm).
- Introduce humus and wood ash, if sowing occurs in the fall.
- Introduce mineral complex and wood ash in spring sowing.
- Add chalk or lime (for the successful development of the plant requires calcium).
- Loosen the fertilized soil to avoid lumps, and the structure was homogeneous.
- Moisten the plot.
- Prepare peat mix with sand to fill the seeds.
Wood ash fertilizer
Seeds obriyeta not very large, flat, brown. Before sowing, especially in open ground, they must be prepared and disinfected.
The preparation can be carried out by soaking the seeds in a growth stimulator (epin, heteroauxin) dissolved in warm water, the proportions and time - according to the instructions.
Disinfection can be carried out by a dry method, powdered with a fungicide, or traditionally keeping the seeds for one hour in a solution of potassium permanganate.
When sowing, the seeds are laid out on a prepared wet area, with a specified interval. Crops sprinkled with a mixture of peat from the sands in equal proportions, watered "rain" from the watering can.
Tip! Obriet looks great in rockeries.You can fill the seeds between large stones (only pre-place there fertile soil).
Shoots obriyeta, falling from the stones, look fascinating.
Aubrieta in rockeries
Growing obriety on seedlings
Many do not want to wait a year before receiving flowering plants, preferring to grow obriet seedlings. This can be done without loss, if you do not expose the plants to pickling and plant them in the ground without removing them from the cup. Peat tablets and pots will help grow seedlings at home. In this case, you can sow seeds, starting in February. Planting plants in the ground produced in April.
Aubrieta grown seedlings will bloom in June. A week after sprouting, seedlings should be fed with a mineral complex for flower seedlings, and in the future they should be fed every 10 days.
The flower bed where Obriet flaunts it is necessary to loosen monthly, weed all the weeds, water the plants with sprinkling or drip irrigation.
This ground cover is very fond of fertilizer, so it needs feeding at all stages of growth: from the very first - two weeks after germination, to the last - before the second autumn flowering.
If not fed, the plants will not bloom as much as we would like. When feeding obriety, a standard complex of minerals (nitrogen + phosphorus + potassium) is used.
Aubriete needs additional feeding at all stages of growth.
At the beginning of growth, you need to apply top dressing with a high nitrogen content, then switch to a diet with a high phosphorus content, at the beginning of flowering the plant needs potassium most of all.
To feed on fertile soils, the plant should be at least three times in two months. If the soil is not very nutritious, you will need additional feeding every two weeks.
Also, once every two weeks you need to fertilize plants in rockeries and alpine slides and cascade varieties designed for vertical decoration.
Tip! Plus to the mineral complexes, twice a month (at different times, between the main feedings), young plants can be additionally fertilized with sodium humate.
Three times during the growing season, the soil under the obrieta must be mulched with fine sand. After cutting off the withered shoots, it is good to grind the earth with a mixture of sand and peat.
The soil under the obrieta must be mulched with fine sand.
Frequent watering is not required. Waterlogging of the soil will lead to the forcing of the leaves at the expense of flowering. However, in the heat it is necessary to water a flower, at least twice a week.
Pruning can be done at the end of each mass flowering. Cut need not sparing the stalks to the very base. The plant will immediately release shoots that bloom again.
In order for this groundcover to be flowering and healthy, it must be treated with colloidal sulfur from powdery mildew, which is often the case with obriety.
It can also be treated with insecticides against pests.
In addition to the long, abundant, beautiful flowering, this plant has another important advantage - it is not afraid of even extreme cold. Aubrieta does not shed its foliage in winter, and freezes only at very low temperatures, below 30 degrees below zero. Therefore, decorativeness persists year-round for many years.
Aubrieta refers to luxurious plants, the care for which delivers some hassle, but the result and the decorative effect that this flower produces on the site is worth the effort.
Sowing seeds obriyeta
For sowing seeds, you will need to prepare separate containers and soil. Peat tablets or pots, or ordinary flower pots, disposable cups are best. Peat containers are good because they contribute to the development of a strong root system in sprouts, pass oxygen well, significantly reduce the risk of seedling rotting, reduce the risks of root damage when transplanting plants to open ground to zero. However, this pleasure is not cheap.
As for the soil, a loose, well-drained sandy loam soil is most suitable for obriety. It can be purchased at the store or you can do it yourself (garden soil should be mixed with peat or sand). Also, it will not be superfluous to add a small amount of sawdust. Clay heavy soil categorically does not suit such plants.
Optimal conditions for seed germination
Aubrieta loves the sun. Therefore, it is necessary to place containers with planted seeds in a well-lit place, but avoiding direct rays of the sun. Plants tolerate coolness, but the optimum temperature in the room is +18. +22 ° C.
The most important thing in the care of seedlings - time to water and loosen the soil. It is recommended to water with separated water at room temperature in the evening. Make sure that a dry crust does not form on the surface, at the same time, the ground can not be poured. When weeds appear, they must be immediately removed. The room with seedlings must be periodically ventilated.
A pick involves planting sprouts in separate containers. This process is carried out to strengthen the root system and improve the nutrition of the sprouts. Obriety picks after three or four pairs of true leaves appear on sprouts.
Dive seedlings need to be very careful not to damage the delicate roots. The day before transplanting the soil should be moistened. Using a pencil sprout undermining, then gently withdrawn from the ground and immediately planted in the ground.
Planting seedlings obriyeta in open ground
Aubrieta does not like transplants. In order for seedlings to take root well, it is important not to damage the roots. Before disembarking, you should determine the place on the site, as well as prepare necessary materials:
- Hole Forming Holes
- mulch sand
- water tank
- garden gloves.
Planting seedlings on the site
Before planting, the soil should be slightly moistened, plowed, and weeds removed from the site. Then with the help of hoes are formed wells. The depth of the pits should correspond to the length of the root, and the width should be twice as large as the earthen room, which remained at the root of the seedling. The distance between seedlings should be at least 5 cm.
Feed the plant several times during the growing season. The first time feeding is carried out not earlier than a week after transplanting into the ground and until the formation of buds. The second time is after trimming. Compound fertilizers for flowering perennial plants are well suited for top dressing.
Aubrieta blooms for about a month and a half. To enjoy the re-flowering of the plant, after it has faded, it is necessary to prune (to the root). Then the soil is fertilized and mulched with river sand. After the second flowering, Obriet does not need to be cut so that the roots do not freeze during the winter period.
The combination of obriyeta with other plants
Aubrieta is often used in landscape design. With its help, you can create charming “live carpets” and magnificent falling cascades. Often the plant is used for alpine slides and rockeries. Aubrieta on a flower bed goes well with low-growing plants. The best neighbors are yellow alissums, iberis, phloxes, milkweed and multicolor.
Pests and diseases obriyeta
The most common pest Obriyeta is aphid - beetles of very small size, black, yellow, brown or red color. They feed on the sap of the plant, taking all the nutrients from it. Recognize the pest by glossy shiny leaves and pale inflorescences, and the aphid itself can be found under the leaves obriety. To fight against insects, plants are sprayed with infusion of nettle (to prepare a kilogram of fresh nettle leaves, pour 10 liters of water and insist for 24 hours). Insecticides may only be used as a last resort.
Root rot appears brown spots that cover all parts of the plant. If such signs are detected, watering should stop altogether, sprinkle the soil with sand and sawdust, and treat the plant with colloidal sulfur.
When to harvest and how to store obriety seeds
Aubrieta seeds are harvested after spring flowering. To do this, in the process of pruning need to leave five or six shoots, which formed the ovary. After the seeds darken, the stems need to be cut, and the seeds are husked in a cardboard box or a cloth bag.
After harvesting, dry the seeds for a couple of days in a well-ventilated, well-lit area. Avoid direct sunlight. After that, the material is packaged in boxes or cloth bags and stored in a dark place at a temperature of +18. +20 ° C, occasionally opening for airing.
Sowing seeds directly in open ground
Seeds in open ground can be planted in the middle of May or in September. Before sowing, the ground must be thoroughly cleaned of weeds, moistened and loosened to a depth of 15 cm. Then it is recommended to add wood ash and some lime to the soil. You can also add complex mineral fertilizers. Seeds are not sown heavily. They are by no means buried in the ground, but placed on the surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of river sand. For seed germination requires a lot of sunlight. After sowing, the soil is slightly moistened, but it is better to use the spraying method.
During pruning prunes, after the first flowering you will get a lot of leftovers. Such stems obriyeta without flowers can be used for plant propagation by cuttings. They are planted in a well-lit warm place, in the role of which can act as a greenhouse or containers placed on the veranda. Ideal soil for planting usually consists of equal parts of peat and sand. In late summer, the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place of growth. In October, they are recommended to cover for the winter with dry foliage.
Cultivation of obriety from seeds is the most common and reliable method of its reproduction, therefore this article outlined the basic rules for sowing seeds of obriety and presented a detailed description of how to care for a plant. Following these rules will help you decorate your garden with charming rugs and cascades of flowers.
Features of the plant and its differences
The first began to grow aubretsians Southern Europe and Central Asia. But for some reason the flower was not very popular with them. Moreover, Obriet was called the neglecting name - windbag, although this flower did not deserve such an attitude. But gardeners around the world appreciated the unique features of this plant and began to use it quite actively:
The plant up to 20 cm high seems to spread over the surface, filling and smoothing out all the irregularities. Each bush can have a diameter of up to 1 m. Small flowers with four petals are collected in brushes, behind which there is not even visible foliage. In the summer, the leaves of a lanceolate or scapulah form a bluish tinge, and in winter they become bright green.
The bloom period in Aubrieta begins in May and lasts from one to two months. At the beginning of autumn, the second bloom of aubretia begins and continues until the first frost. To the color was as lush as in spring, you need to regularly trim the flowering peduncles. The flower is unpretentious to the soil, it can grow on badlands where other flowers do not even take root.
You can multiply a haircut:
- The division of rhizomes.
But from the listed options only reproduction by seeds can be considered as the only acceptable one, since grafting and dividing the bush this plant endures poorly. Therefore, it is best for beginners not to experiment, so as not to destroy the plant, which is especially offensive when there is only one bush on the site. Of course, gardeners with extensive experience in caring for a plant of this type can use cuttings and divide the bush as they already know how to handle the plant.
Tip # 1. The use of seeds for reproduction is considered the most innocuous and easy option.
Subtleties of seed breeding obriety
The easiest way to propagate shaved seeds, planting them immediately to a permanent place. This should be done in early spring. Gardeners from the southern regions can plant seeds before winter - they will carry the cold season well, but they will bloom in the second year. Seeds of obriety are very small, flat-shaped, therefore, it is not necessary to sprinkle them with the substrate. The whole process is as follows:
- Choose a place that is most suitable for this plant. It should be located on a hill (aubrecia does not tolerate constantly moist soil) and is well lit by the sun. The maximum is a light shadow. If the plant is planted in the shade, it will never bloom.
- Prepare the soil, loosening it to a depth of 13-14 cm. It is possible, at the same time, to add egg shells or chalk. Well, if the soil is light, loose, sandy, contains lime. Fertile acidic or clayey soil is not the best option for these crops.
- Sow the seeds. It is impossible to sow the seeds densely - when grown, they will interfere with the neighboring seedlings. It is also impossible to transplant young plants - they do not tolerate a pick. Moreover, if you have to remove excess sprouts, you can damage the roots of other plants and they, too, are likely to die.
- Zamulchirovat sand and gently pour out of the watering can.
- For 2-3 weeks, cover the area with seeds with a film so that they are not blown away by the wind, rain does not damage.
- Remove the film and care for the appeared sprouts, removing weeds, and periodically loosening the soil.
Rassadny way: features reproduction
But it is best to grow aubration in a seedling way. For this, seeds are sown in February, and already in May, the obtained sprouts are transplanted into open ground. Due to this, young bushes will bloom in the year of sowing.
To obtain seedlings, you must:
- Select the desired capacity. It is best to choose tablets or cups from peat so that you can then place them directly in a permanent place. The fact is that abutration transports extremely poorly, and the choice of containers will protect the fragile root system from damage and young plants will be able to survive.
- Sand the soil.
- Arrange the seeds one by one in each cup.
- Cover with foil each container for 3 weeks. As soon as the seedlings appear, the film can be removed.
- During germination, the temperature in the room should not fall below 20 degrees. If it is colder, the shoots will grow poorly and weaken.
- Older plants are planted in a permanent place after the end of frosts, since young shoots are still unstable to too low temperatures. Obriet will bloom the next year after disembarkation.
- Sand mulching should be applied 2-3 times a year to prevent the soil from drying out.
If you provide high-quality care, the plant will delight the delightful beauty of abundant bloom for a long time, thus paying attention to it. The most important thing that can not be forgotten is moderate watering. Intensive watering can be done only in arid summer. Mature plants are less demanding for watering than the young ones, which tolerate a lack of moisture less painful than its excess.
Tip # 2. In order to prevent moisture overload, it is possible to arrange drainage on the place where the flower of this species will be planted, and so that it does not dry out, the soil around the bush can be mulched.
The same applies to sunlight, hitting the penumbra, the plant loses flowering, so the best place for its location - a place that is always lit by the rays of the sun. Curbs, walls, steps and other similar places are better suited for the settlement of aubrecia, especially since a lot of land is not necessary for the growth of these flowers.
After each flowering, all the inflorescences should be removed from the plant: this will improve the decorativeness of the bushes, and will also contribute to abundant flowering the next time.You also need to remove and old shoots to give the plants the desired shape and stimulate the growth of new branches.
The plant is not afraid of winter cold: its shoots will turn green against the background of a snow-covered garden almost until spring. But it needs to be prepared for this period: cut off the extra shoots. In areas where there are very cold frosts in winter, it is advisable to help the flower survive. To do this, it is necessary to wrap bushes with fallen leaves and so leave until spring. With the onset of heat, the cover is removed, the bushes need to be carefully inspected, remove the damaged areas and arrange them, giving the desired shape.
Aubretations are very rarely affected. Most often they are affected by powdery mildew. To defeat the disease, it is necessary to use colloidal sulfur, having prepared a solution from it. But it will only help with timely use. If the moment was missed and the defeat is very strong, the only way out is to dig up and throw away the bush, as it is unlikely to be able to save it.
Top dressing and fertilizer obriyeta
The flower of this species does not need additional feeding, but when it is used it grows strong, hardy, and abundantly blooms. Twice in a season, flowers can be helped by adding potash or mineral fertilizers to the soil - they are absorbed better than others.
But you can not use them, and apply only wood ash - it has everything that you need to shave for full growth and flowering. Fertilizer can also be added to water, for example, sodium humate, it will stimulate root formation and flower growth. When using fertilizers, you need to follow the following rules:
- Fertilizers can be applied before flowering.
- Young shoots are fed after the appearance of the first pair of leaves.
- Young seedlings do not need to be fed after planting in open ground.
- The second time fertilizers are used for feeding after trimming the bushes.
- Nitrogen fertilizers make it difficult to grow obriyets.
Aubrieta: landing and care. Types of plants and the subtleties of growing
Aubrieta belongs to the genus of flowering plants of the cabbage family. It came to us from Southern Europe and the Middle East (Iran, Asia Minor, Italy and Southern France).
Received widespread throughout Europe as a successful decoration of gardens and rock gardens. And the flower is named in honor of the French artist Claude Aubrier, who had a passion for botanical illustrations.
Let's find out what is obriet good for? Planting and caring for this plant also will not remain outside the zone of our attention.
What does obriet look like
These plants are characterized as evergreen, perennial and creeping. Their branches do not rise above 10-15 cm above the ground, forming expressive hemispherical curtains.
The leaves are small, pubescent, with a jagged or solid edge, resembling an ellipse or an egg in shape, arranged one at a time, alternately. The plant looks spectacular at any time of the year, and even when it does not bloom, it still makes happy owners of green succulent leaves.
Flowers are four-leaved and small, no more than 1 cm in diameter, forming small racemes. The genus includes 12 species of plants, differing in the shade of petals: there are red, pink, purple, blue, less often - white. Here it is such a multicolor - Obriet.
Photos of flowers presented in the article allow you to make your own opinion about this ornamental plant.
The most popular obrieta cultural (Aubrieta x cultorum Bergmans), combining several varieties and forms, different coloring petals. The shoots of the plants do not exceed 20 cm, the leaves are small, with serrated edges, spatulate-oblong.
The flowers are small (about 1 cm in diameter), of various colors - from purple to dark lilac. During flowering (about 40 days, from May to June), the leaves are not even visible under a dense layer of bright inflorescences.
Varieties bred at the present time, characterized by larger petals, double branches.
Aubrieta deltoidea (Aubrieta deltoidea) - the ancestor of all hybrid varieties, because it brings fruit. Their purple or purple-blue loose racemes delight the eye for 30-35 days in May. They are distinguished by more dissected deltoid gray-green leaves with a pair of teeth on each side.
What place does this plant prefer? Be sure to sunny, partial shade is allowed only in a hot southern climate, and in temperate it will only cause harm: the obriet will stretch and stop blooming. The soil should be light, not too fertile. Fertilize it with ashes, lime or chalk. It is worth avoiding waterlogged clay and oily land with a high content of peat.
In winter, moisture is simply destructive for flowers such as obriet. Planting and planting are carried out on elevated areas, well-drained and stony hills, in the intervals between the stones. Watering is required only for young plants, and then - only in particularly dry time. The exceptions are the southern regions, where a very hot summer.
How to grow a colorful "mat"
Have you decided that your site should decorate the obriet? Planting and caring for the plant will give you a lot of trouble, remember this. It can not be planted and cease to follow the development, otherwise very soon the flower will cease to perform a decorative function. You can multiply obrieta in three ways:
- Cuttings. Cut off parts of plants are planted in a greenhouse, in the soil of river sand and peat (in equal quantities). Many species take root in 95% of cases under conditions of artificial fog, and some varieties give roots to only 25%. In late August, rooted scapes are transplanted to a permanent place so that they settle down there before the onset of the first frost. It is recommended to maintain the distance between the bushes 10-15 cm. It is better to leave the most valuable specimens until spring in the greenhouse. Young plants only in the first year of life are cold-resistant and easily tolerate cold, in the future it is desirable to conduct cuttings annually.
- Reproduction by seeds. They are sown in ridges in open ground before winter (in September). Be sure to spend mulching sand. Flowering occurs in the second year. Reproduction is possible indoors: seeds are sown two months before the expected last frost (from January to April). Vermiculite with seedlings covered with plastic wrap. When the seedlings sprout, the film is removed and after the end of the frost is planted in the soil at a permanent place. Note that during propagation of seeds by obriety varietal properties are not preserved.
- Reproduction by dividing the bush. It is rarely produced in spring or autumn, if cuttings have not been made or the bushes need to be urgently moved. The plant is extremely sensitive to such a procedure.
For many gardeners and lovers of beauty guidance on home gardens, it will not be difficult to plant Obriet flowers. Growing under careful control is also easy. But this does not need to stop, the plant requires constant care.
Even if the soil on which Aubrieta grows is light enough, it is very useful to carry out surface sand application (mulching) with a layer of 3-5 cm 2-3 times per season. When flowering ends (in May or early June), the plant is pruned to facilitate fast and compact growth in the future. In this case, in the fall you will again enjoy the colorful buds.
If the winter is projected to be protracted, with sharp fluctuations in temperature, it is worthwhile to cover the curry with a dry leaf for this period.
- Buy seeds should be in the spring, and buying seedlings, pay attention so that the roots do not sprout from the holes in the bottom of the pot and not intertwined.
- Manure and mineral nitrogen cannot be used as fertilizer (it reduces winter hardiness).
- Durable are varieties with blue and purple petals, but pink and red flowers are pleasing to the eye not so long.
- Flowering carpet on the edge of the border or in the rock garden looks just gorgeous.
But this is not the only way to design a plot with the help of such a plant as obriet.
A cascade of bright inflorescences descending along the fence or the wall of a building will certainly cause amazement and admiration!
- Aubrieta is perfectly combined with other creeping plants: blue and purple flowers are planted with yellow rocky alissum, multicolored euphorbia, serving white and Caucasian pink rezuha, basikolistnoy red soapwort. Pink and red harmonize with dwarf bearded irises, Douglas phloxes or Pozharsky bells.
Connoisseurs of floriculture will certainly find the right approach to the plant obriet. Planting and care will not cause them much inconvenience, and a bright carpet of small flowers will delight the hosts and impress guests.
Aubrieta - growing flowers in the garden (video)
Aubrieta is a cute herbaceous perennial that can surprisingly transform your summer cottage. He will cover the rock arias or the alpine slide with a colorful carpet, create a bright background for other flowers in the flowerbed, decorate vertical surfaces with a cascade. Aubrieta is also good as a potted indoor plant. It can be grown as a balcony culture and gets along seamlessly with all the blossoming neighbors on the site. It is best to grow a plant from seed.
Aubrieta seed growing: when planted
The color of the flowers in this highly decorative plant can be very diverse. There are varieties with flowers:
- light blue
- pale pink
Flower color obriyeta
Obriet is from South European and Central Asian countries. This ground cover is suitable for continuous vertical and horizontal decoration of gardens and has been successfully used by landscape designers all over the world.
Tip! The flowering plant, grown from seeds, begins in May next year. The flowering period - lasting one and a half months. If you cut the shoots obriety immediately after flowering, it can bloom again. Thus, it is easy to provide a flowering carpet throughout the summer.
Aubrieta has a wide variety of coloring. It can be pale blue, and white, and pink, and lilac. Despite the fact that Central Asia is considered to be the birthplace of this plant (according to other sources, South America), it perfectly tolerates even the most severe frosts in Siberia.
Aubrieta can change its color
It is noteworthy that in the cold season, the obriety not only does not change color, but does not fall off the foliage. And with the onset of spring, at a time when the rest of the plants are just waking up from hibernation, these flowers are already lush green.
From the seeds grow bright and lush flowers. Since the variety grows perfectly in height along the frame, it can be an excellent option to decorate retaining walls and fences. Flowering lasts for two months.
The length of the shoots of this variety obriyeta reaches approximately 15 cm in length. The buds have a bright red color with a diameter of 1 cm.
Like the previous variety, this one has red inflorescences. The height of the bush reaches 20 cm.
As seen in the photo, the plant blooms very beautifully.
It is one of the most colorful flowering varieties. After this species has the first bloom, the shoots can be cut. After that, they are usually rooted in greenhouses, where the plant begins to bloom safely after a while.
This variety is a mixture of different types of obriety. Gardeners loved him for the spectacular view of colorful flowers in red and pink tones.
The variety is represented by lush bushes, pink, white, red and turquoise flowers. The plant was specially bred for the decoration of alpine slides, flower beds and balconies.
Those who have never dealt with the cultivation of Aubriets may think that this culture is unpretentious and can grow in absolutely any conditions. This is not true. The plant does not like diving and for any attempts to divide the bushes, gardeners can expect a big disappointment. Therefore, the most optimal is the cultivation of obriety in open ground seeds.
Find a suitable place for landing obriyeta, and it will decorate any area
Before you start sowing, you should determine the place for future plantings. Aubrieta is quite capricious culture. In the southern areas it prefers to grow in partial shade, and in the northern edges, on the contrary, places with a lot of sun. Obriet grows usually in rocky crevices, on stony soil, as well as in crevices of walls with dry masonry.
The soil for planting is prepared as follows: the soil is cleaned of weeds and other impurities that will interfere with shaving normally to grow. If you plant a plant in heavy stony soil, it will not bring good results. It is better to give preference to light and fertile. Before embarking on sowing, the earth is well digged and fed with a small amount of lime or chalk.
It is recommended to plant seeds of obriety at a considerable distance from each other, only in this case, young seedlings will allow each other to develop normally. To begin with, it is good to spill the soil, and then carefully pour flat plant seeds and lightly sprinkle them with sand.
A layer of sand should be about two centimeters.
After this, the planting material must be shed again. Mulching with sand should be repeated two or three times per season. Sowing seeds produced in September or in May. The way Obriet blooms can be seen next year.
In order for the plant to grow strong and resilient, it is fed with various fertilizers, such as sodium humate, which is an excellent growth stimulant. The soil in which Aubrieta grows should be continually cleaned from weeds. After the appearance of the first leaves, you can begin to fertilize the bushes with the help of complex dressings.
Aubrieto can be grown not only by seed, but also by seedlings. For this, seeds are sown immediately in peat pots or tablets. After seedlings appear, you can transplant the obrietu directly into the ground.
Sow seeds obriyeta in advance
It is recommended to sow the seeds about one and a half or two months before the last cold weather falls. The plant rises in the home for quite some time. Usually from the beginning of sowing to the appearance of the first sprouts it takes from two to three weeks.
For better germination, experienced gardeners cover peat pots with regular polyethylene film. Be sure to monitor the temperature in the room, it should not rise above 21 degrees. Seedlings are planted in open ground immediately after the night frosts end.
Most gardeners very rarely use such breeding obriyeta. The fact is that young saplings very poorly tolerate transplanting into the soil. During a dive, the plant suffers greatly, and for this reason, the further life of the habitat in the garden can be endangered.
If there is no certainty that this crop will be able to grow normally after the seedling method, then it would be preferable to choose the method by which the seeds are sown immediately in open ground. Moreover, such a method is less energy consuming.
Rules for planting seeds and growing seedlings obriety at home
For the implementation of the spring disembarkation of obriyet, its cultivation begins at home in February.At the same time it is necessary to take into account the following tips:
- The temperature of the air at home should be maintained at 18-20 ᵒC.
- Growing seeds is possible only in conditions of good access to sunlight.
- For home planting fit floral soil, which should be well loosened and sprinkled with a thin layer of sand. In order not to lose part of the seedlings during transplantation, peat tablets or pots can be used for planting seeds, which together with the sprouts are later transferred to the open ground.
Aubrieta seedlings grown in peat tablets or pots tolerate transplantation easier
- Seeds are sown not very thick and do not sprinkle with earth.
- They should be moderately sprayed with water and covered with plastic wrap before germination.
- Watering young shoots grown at home should be moderate, they do not tolerate excess water
- Every 10 days it is recommended to feed sprouts with complex mineral fertilizer.
- A month later, the conditions for growing seedlings need to be changed, transplanting them into separate pots.
Planting Aubrieta sprouts grown at home
After the home-grown cultivation process at home has come to an end and it is ready for planting in open ground, the first thing to do is to choose a suitable place for it in your backyard. Growing obriety will bring real pleasure only if it is planted in light and non-acidic soil. The place should be extensive and well lit.
Aubrieta loves sunny places
Plot of land allotted for obrietu, grown at home, you must first prepare. To this end, it is necessary to gradually perform the following actions:
- remove all weeds and stones
- dig to a depth of 10-15 cm
- to bring in wood ash and mineral complex,
- to enrich the soil with calcium through lime or chalk,
- immediately before disembarking, the land on the site should be loosened and moistened
Landing in open ground
If obriety sprouts at home were grown in peat tablets or pots, then transplanting to open land is done with them. If they were not used, when transferring seedlings to open ground, perform the following actions:
- Pots with seedlings are placed in a container with water until air bubbles appear - so extraction will occur with minimal injury to the roots.
- The holes should be excavated taking into account the length of the sapling root, and in width - twice the root ball. The distance between them should not be less than five centimeters.
- Sprinkle the soil around each sprout with sand and moisten it thoroughly with a watering can.
Highlights further care
To obriet pleased with their appearance, you need to follow a few simple rules of its cultivation:
- The first month after planting the shaver needs to be watered regularly, and further soil moistening is required only in very hot and dry summers.
- The plant does not need abundant feeding. It is enough to fertilize shaver before bud formation and after summer pruning.
- The ground around the plant should be mulched.
- Although Aubrieta tolerates frost well, just in case, you can cover it with a bunch of leaves for the winter.
As you can see, it’s easy to grow a beauty on a private garden plot. The plant can be propagated in three ways: by cutting, planting seeds directly in open ground or growing greenhouse seedlings. If you like the last way that Aubriet breeds, growing from seed at home should begin in February. Then, with the observance of all simple rules in April or May her seedlings can be planted in open ground. After your suburban area is covered with magnificent rugs, you will instantly forget about all your efforts.