Garden

Features of planting and care for the Japanese maple

  • Japanese.
  • Japanese fan.
  • Palmate.

They differ in the shape of the leaves, their varied coloring and the shape of the crown.

  • Japanese Maple The plant is suitable for greenhouses or places with a warm climate. It does not stand frost. It is characterized by graceful leaves. They change color during the period of their existence: from green in spring to autumn yellow and red hues.
  • Japanese fan. These are low trees with an unusual crown. Lace leaves, shaped like a fan, are characterized by a red or golden color scheme.
  • Palmate. The most beautiful plant in the family of Japanese maples. Interestingly, the shape of palm-like leaves has from 5 to 9 fingers. They have burgundy color throughout the warm period. The culture grows slowly, reaches a height of 5 meters, the crown is 3 meters in diameter.

Of the hybrid varieties such trees are especially common:

  • "Shirasawa". Low view, not more than one and a half meters. Yellow-orange leaves have a dark edging.
  • Bloodgood has foliage color inks.
  • At a grade of "Beni Kava" ruby bark and red leaves.
  • Shino buga oka, dwarf view meter height. The tree is very sprawling. Foliage changes color from bright green in summer to yellow-orange in autumn.

Planting maple in open ground

Planting Japanese maple begins with the preparation of planting pits. It depends on the size of the seedling. The volume should be twice the root lobe with a clod of earth. The soil requires slightly acidic or neutral, breathable, enriched with humus or compost.

It is not necessary to deepen a sapling any more, than it grew in the container. It is necessary to carefully fill the voids, slightly tamping the ground. Next, you need to make watering, you can re-water the tree after soaking the first portion of water. Pristvolny circle need to mulch.

Agrotechnics of cultivation and care

This is quite a fastidious plant. It requires regular watering, and in dry times, young plantings in the evening it is useful to spray water on the crown. After the snow has melted, the first dressing is done, scattering granular fertilizers around the trunk. On poor soils, fertilizers are also applied in summer. Do not use nitrogen supplements for Japanese maple.

You can not plant colorful species in the bright sun, they will lose their decorative effect. The best places to put Japanese maple where they are lit in the morning and evening. At noon, the culture should be shaded by other plantings or structures.

The soil around the tree must be mulched with compost, bark or humus. This will protect the roots from drying out and freezing in the fall and spring.

Cropping and crown formation

Usually these trees form the first time after planting. In the future, they do not require pruning. The beauty of the crown is achieved naturally, the tree itself branches well and forms a cloud of branches, which is characteristic of Japanese design.

It is necessary to cut off the old drying branches that impair the appearance and are a breeding ground for pests. Another pruning is important to make the crown aerial, to remove thickening shoots, to allow good ventilation.

It should be remembered that pruning is possible when the tree is at rest. The best time for this - after flying over the foliage in the fall.

Plant propagation methods

The main breeding method of Acer japonicum is sowing seeds. They ripen in October, and they need to be collected immediately. Store material in the winter in the dry cool place. It does not remain viable for long, therefore maple trees are sown next April.

  1. Sowing produced in containers.
  2. For better germination, seeds are treated with growth stimulants.
  3. Over the summer, they grow little, leaving only strong shoots. Grown up seedlings are kept in the winter in a room with a positive temperature.
  4. Overwintered plants are transplanted into pots, which are placed in a shady corner of the site.
  5. When seedlings grow to 30 cm, they can be transplanted into the open ground.
  6. It is permissible to plant maples in tubs. In this case, you need to monitor the fertility of the soil in the tank. This plant will need additional feeding.

Another method of reproduction is to use a graft on a strong stock.

Japanese maple wintering

Young seedlings for the winter should be covered carefully. A small hut made of covering material is arranged above the plant, it is covered with fallen leaves from above and covered with branches so that the wind does not stir. The roots mulch with humus or peat.

As the plant grows, the shelter is increased, spruce paws are laid on top. Mulching of roots is used for plants of any growth and age.

If you want to grow Japanese maple in the northern regions, use low-growing varieties planted in large pots. In this case, you need a cool room to save the plant in winter.

Disease and pest prevention

Maple precipitated pests that are dangerous to almost all deciduous trees. It:

Among the most dangerous diseases are powdery mildew and black spot. Diseases should not only be fought but tried to prevent them. To do this, use a variety of processing methods.

  • In the spring, spraying with solutions of various preparations and fungicides will help prevent the appearance of powdery mildew. Well shows the use of Bordeaux liquid.
  • For harmful insects, treating trees with Iskra-Bio, Fitoverm, Zdoroviy Sad is used. Effective and long-acting means "Aktara", however, it is quite poisonous.
  • Justified the use of folk recipes for the preparation of protective equipment. But it is worth considering that they have more deterrent effect.

Application in landscape design

Japanese decorative maple takes pride of place in the design of gardens and park areas.

  • Culture is used not only to create exotic Japanese gardens, but also adds an emphasis to various compositions with its help.
  • Tall maple varieties can be used as distinctive elements on a large lawn or lawn.
  • Planted backstage along the tracks, they will create a pleasant shadow.
  • You can arrange decorative thickets, planting ferns and rhododendrons, Volzhanka and other shade-loving plants under the maple. Lace maple shadow will create favorable conditions for their growth.
  • Under this tree will look good such shrubs as cotoneaster, silverweed, low viburnum bushes.

A variety of species of Japanese maple makes it possible to choose a plant for your plot to anyone, the most fastidious person. Experienced gardeners claim that the Japanese maple is not such a capricious plant, as they usually write about it. If you properly care and take into account his needs, you can give your garden a bright note and Japanese flavor.

Japanese maple

Japanese maples are exceptionally spectacular ornamental trees and shrubs. Even in winter, deciduous Japanese maples captivate the gaze with the unusual shape of a naked crown resembling a mushroom or an umbrella, and a multitude of thin fan branches. However, the peak of the beauty of the Japanese maples falls in the autumn, when their leaves are painted in stunning bright colors: red, orange, gold ...

Rod Maples (Acer) consists of approximately 110 species of deciduous (less often - evergreen) trees and shrubs that naturally grow in the humid forests of Europe, North and Central America and Asia.

Here we will talk only about a certain category of maples, which are called Japanese Maplesbecause they come from Japan and Korea.

To group japanese maples There are only two types: myself Japanese maple (Acer japonicum) and maple palmate, or mountain (Acer palmatum) with its especially decorative variety fan maple (Dissectum).

Have fan maples dissected feathery leaves resembling a lace fan. Its triumphant march in European garden culture japanese maples started in the distant 1600s, and by 1882 in Britain, 202 varieties of these trees were already known.

Currently, garden centers offer several hundred varieties japanese mapleswhich are primarily distinguished by the color of the leaves, especially in the impressive autumn, when maples change color dramatically on red, golden or orange.

The size japanese maples depends on the species: both Japanese and palmate can reach 8 m in height, while fan maples usually do not exceed 2-3 m. Fan Maples often grow larger in width than in height.

Leaves japanese maples small and extremely decorative.

Despite entrenched for japanese maples title red maples, the color of their leaves is of different shades of green, burgundy, red, yellow, orange and even crimson and is better manifested in open, well-lit spaces.

Flowers Japanese Maples small, yellow-green or reddish, depending on the plant variety (see photo). After flowering on japanese maples small paired lionfish fruits are formed. Some japanese maples also decorative with its bark.

Japanese Maples: Care

In their natural habitat, Japanese maples grow in the form of undergrowth, therefore for them the high humus content and weakly acidic soil reaction, partial shade, and more or less constant humidity level are habitual.

Most garden soils are quite suitable for Japanese maples, with the exception of only strongly alkaline, as well as places with poor permeability and standing water, or completely dry in the heat.

Danger lurking Japanese maples in the gardenThese are late spring frosts that can damage delicate young leaves.

Since the color of the leaves of Japanese red maples is better manifested when there is an abundance of light, for planting these magnificent trees, choose a place protected from the direct hot sun in the summer afternoon, but open to the morning and evening sun rays. Even more vulnerable to the scorching sun varieties of Japanese maples with bicolor or fringed leaves, they must be planted in partial shade or places with sparse light.

Japanese red maple and blooming magonia in my garden, November Japanese Japanese maple ‘Katsura’, flowering Japanese maple red. Acer japonicum

The cold resistance of the Japanese maples is from the climatic zone 5, in the Middle zone these plants need a winter shelter, as which garden fleece is well suited for the crown of fan maples.

Make sure that the soil is well moistened before installing a winter shelter over a Japanese maple. In softer regions, one should gently shake off heavy sleet from thin branches of Japanese maples (especially fan-shaped ones), as branches may break under the weight of snow.

Do not touch the Japanese maple when its branches are covered with ice.

During dry periods, fanned maples require regular watering and spraying of leaves.

The lack of moisture (as well as its oversupply), too hot sun or too strong, dry wind of the Japanese maple will respond with dried leaf tips, and more severe stress - with a full drop of foliage.

No need to panic: the Japanese maple did not die, but simply needs increased attention. Completely eliminate fertilizers under stress, provide regular watering without stagnation and spraying and soon the Japanese maple will recover and grow new leaves.

A necessary part of the care of Japanese maples is mulching in spring and autumn. Mulching with garden compost and other organic matter (leaf humus, tree bark, wood chips, etc.)

) protects the surface-positioned root system of the Japanese maple from freezing in winter, drying in summer, and also provides additional feeding. Mulch the Japanese maple in early spring and late autumn, on well-moistened soil, avoiding the touch of organic matter on the trunk of a tree.

Before spring mulching, sprinkle the soil in the crown radius of Japanese maple with slow-moving fertilizer granules, then mulch with compost or humus, and you can put a layer of wood chips or decorative bark over them.

Feed the Japanese maple should be carried out only once a year, slow-moving fertilizer, strong fertilizers with high nitrogen content is not recommended!

Japanese and fan maples: breeding

Species Japanese maples propagated with fresh seeds collected in mid-autumn. Subsequently, only the strongest seedlings are selected, which are kept cool in winter. Early spring young saplings of japanese maple transplanted into larger pots, and when they reach a height of 30 cm, they can be planted in a permanent place.

Vegetatively fanned maples are very difficult to propagate. In nurseries, they practice the vaccination of fan maple cuttings onto a stronger root system of Japanese maple or palmate maple.

Japanese Fan Maples: Pruning

Japanese maples grow slowly and naturally form a beautiful and harmonious crown.

Pruning is recommended only for adults or old plants, in order to thin out excessively thickened crown or to emphasize the exquisite shape of the trunk and weeping branches of Japanese maple.

Thinning the crown of Japanese maples also contributes to the penetration of light and air into the depths and is the prevention of fungal infections. Pruning of Japanese maples is done only during the period of rest, when there are no leaves on the plant.

In the middle lane it is convenient to use pots and pots for growing Japanese and fan maples.

In Japan, fan-shaped maples in pots are not installed on the ground, but at eye level, so that everyone can admire the shape of the trunk, the grace of the crown and the brightness of the leaves of these charming plants.

In winter, a fan-shaped maple in a tub can be removed in a cool room, during a drought, it can be moved into the shade and where it is more convenient to water it.

Japanese maple trees are perfectly combined in vertical plants (ornamental grasses), and also look at the water or next to the stones in rockeries. From the Japanese maples form beautiful bonsai.

trees & shrubs, maple

How to grow Japanese maple: features of planting and care

Many gardeners prefer to grow on their land not only healthy vegetables and tasty fruits, but also ornamental plants that adorn the garden landscape. These plants include exotic Japanese maple - a wonderful representative of the botanical world, which has a bright sprawling crown.

The tree attracts with its original appearance, however, the question arises - whether this exotic beauty will not be difficult to maintain. To dispel doubts, in the article we will talk about the features of growing Japanese maple in our climate: find out how to plant a plant and how to care for it.

The Japanese maple is an ornamental tree originally from Japan. Today, about 100 different types and varieties of it are known: such a rare variety allows choosing the most suitable variety and leaf color for any landscape design.

The height of the Japanese maple can be from two to ten meters, and has a characteristic bright foliage color. Leaf colors are as follows:

There are other, more rare, shades of color: it depends on the plant variety.

An interesting and unusual shape of the plant: the Japanese maple has a lush sprawling wide crown, something like a palm.This is an ideal plant for autumn: with its remarkable variety of bright foliage, it can dispel any blues, raise the mood, inspire creativity.

In the northern regions, unfortunately, street cultivation of the Japanese maple is very difficult: only if you place the plant in a large tub, which you can put in a house or shed for the winter.

Today, the following varieties of Japanese maple are the most decorative and popular.

It is a low grade tree: it reaches only one and a half meters in height. It has decorative wide leaves, beautiful and bright orange-yellow shade.

This is a truly unique variety, since the tree in this case leaves inky black.

This variety of Japanese maple has the original bright red foliage, as well as the ruby ​​bark. You can imagine how a plant has a decorative appearance.

An interesting variety that has double color of leaves: in summer they are green, and by the autumn they change color to golden.

How to plant

Although the procedure for planting a Japanese maple sapling is simple, however, it requires knowledge of some nuances. We will tell about these nuances in more detail.

To properly plant the plant, you must prepare in advance:

  • sapling itself: healthy and strong,
  • compost and peat for fertilizer.

First, you should dig a hole: its parameters should be approximately twice the root span of the plant. If the seedling is purchased in a pot, then it must be carefully removed from this container. Unravel the roots of the plant: also very carefully, without tugging.

Add peat and compost to the prepared hole. Place the seedling in the hole, sprinkle it on top with soil, tamp.

In the video - planting Japanese maple:

Around the sapling form small sides of the earth according to the diameter of the root circle. This will facilitate watering the plant, since water will not be able to drain.

Immediately after planting, water the seedling so that the roots take root faster. If the summer will be very hot, water the seedling will need to be more and more abundant.

Next spring, it is necessary to lay a mulching layer out of the earth mixed with rotten leaves on top of the root circle of the plant. This layer will help moisture linger longer in the root circle, and also protects the ground around the seedlings from weeds.

How to make a hedge of willow with your own hands, will help to understand the photo from the article.

Choice of location and conditions

If you have chosen to plant a plant of a finger variety, then it needs to prepare a shady place. All other types of Japanese maple prefer the sun.

But, although many of the varieties and transfer direct sunlight, but this does not apply to those of them that have a double leaf color: in this case, the plant requires only shade or penumbra.

By the way, the Japanese maple is not afraid of winds and drafts, therefore this parameter is not important here.

As for the soil, it should be well drained and light. The plant prefers a fertile, saturated with humus soil, having a slightly acid reaction. It is important that the plant root system receives moisture without obstruction and in sufficient quantity. Otherwise, the leaves of the Japanese maple can become brown from lack of water.

The plant does not tolerate lime, so the site should not be treated with this substance. If the root system of the plant comes into contact with lime, it can lead to the fact that the maple leaves begin to fall off.

It is important to know that these plants are quite thermophilic, and the harsh climate of the Russian north is unlikely to suit them. However, experienced gardeners carefully harbor trees for the winter, so they have the opportunity to grow Japanese maple in cold winters.

You may also be interested to know which hawthorn saplings for a hedge to choose best.

How to care

Consider the highlights of the care of Japanese maple trees growing in the garden.

The tree needs watering. However, the plant will not tolerate too much water. If you allow the stagnation of moisture in the soil, it can lead to rotting maple roots. In addition to regular watering once a month during the summer season, it is necessary to organize additional watering for the maple: in this case, one-time pouring out under the root of 15 liters of water.

If there is a severe drought, then an additional maple is recommended also to be sprayed from the sprayer so that its leaves do not lose their decorative effect. But how to use irrigation hoses, and how to choose them, this information will help to understand.

Mulching

Mulching is of great importance for a tree: this procedure should be carried out both in spring and in autumn. As mulch, use humus, wood bark, chips, compost. The procedure helps the roots of the tree to have constant access to moisture, protects the roots from freezing in winter, as well as additional feeding and protection from weeds.

The plant in the first years of his life must be pruned regularly, forming a crown. And then you can no longer cut, but only to remove the sick and broken branches.

But pruning is also recommended when the tree has a very thick crown, having lost its former decorative effect. In this case, thinning and trimming will help restore the crown transparency, airiness and lightness.

In addition, this thinning is able to protect the plant from fungal infection. Cut the plant only during the rest period: either in early spring, or before the onset of winter, when the foliage has already fallen.

And here you can learn in detail about pruning Azaleas.

In the spring, it is necessary to add granulated mineral fertilizers under the tree, and only then cover this top dressing with a mulch layer. Keep in mind that the mineral complex should be absent nitrogenous components, as they are not suitable for the Japanese maple.

If the soil is sufficiently fertile, then feeding one and a year is enough. If it is scarce, then it is necessary to feed the tree once again in the summer. But you can feed the plant only until August. Then the application of any fertilizer should be stopped, as the maple must begin to prepare for the winter.

Winter care

If the climate in your area is not different softness, be sure to cover the Japanese maple for the winter. As a covering material, it is recommended to choose garden fleece, as the warmest and softest material. If there is a lot of snow in winter, regularly release maple branches from these heavy precipitations.

Otherwise, the branches can not stand, and break. However, you should not touch the tree when the branches are covered with ice after the thaw: in this case they are especially easy to break.

Japanese maple houses

Perhaps the cultivation of this wonderful plant and at home: in this case, choose a dwarf maple variety. The Japanese believe that the presence of this plant has a positive effect on the energy of the apartment: it brings peace, happiness, peace and prosperity.

In addition to this scientifically unconfirmed belief, scientists have already proved that the Japanese maple is able to clean the air in the apartment, and this has a positive effect on the microclimate of the home. In addition, the delightful flowering plants will delight you from spring to late autumn.

On the video - Japanese maple in the house:

At home cultivation of Japanese maple it becomes especially important to protect the plant from pests, as in this case the tree grows more tender.

Breeding

Japanese maple is usually propagated by seed. It is necessary to collect seeds in the autumn, ideally - in October. In order to properly prepare the seeds for subsequent planting, they must be stratified.

For this purpose, the collected planting material is laid in a dry sand mixture, and is stored all winter in a cool place.

In the spring, they are sown in a container, before that having processed a growth stimulator.

During the first summer, the seedlings are not drawn out too much, but even at this stage it is possible to carry out sorting, leaving only the strongest and tallest specimens for further cultivation.

The first winter seedlings grown from seed, it is best to spend indoors, while still in its container. The next spring (the second for the life of the plant), seedlings should be transplanted into pots suitable for size (separate for each specimen), and then, having grown a little more, transplanted into open ground.

If the transplant into the ground does not allow climate or other reasons, make sure that the ground in the tub is rich in organic matter.

Application in garden design

Decorative Japanese maple allows you to use it as a decoration for any landscape design. The most advantageous way will look a tree in a single landing. In groups, the Japanese maple will draw all the “attention blanket” towards itself, therefore this type of garden design is not very suitable for it.

Japanese Maple in Garden Design

If the tree is placed on a small elevation, it will allow to highlight it in the best way, and to emphasize beauty.

The Japanese maple also looks great on the background of almost any other flowers, shrubs and trees. It can decorate with its presence and the rose garden, and the water zone, and the Japanese garden of stones.

But which conifers in the landscape design of the dacha can be used, it is indicated here.

We considered the features of growing in the garden of Japanese maple. As you can see, despite its exotic and rather original appearance, this plant can be safely grown in our climate. Following the tips from the article you can easily grow this wonderful plant on your site, and decorate the landscape outside the window with a bright cheerful spot.

Red leaf tree in miniature or maple bonsai

Bonsai is a type of plant that is common in Japanese culture. The process of creating such a home copy includes, first of all, cropping of the crown, that is, its correct formation, as well as working with the root system of greenery. Florists practice growing bonsai trees from various trees (pine, sakura, lemon, bamboo).

However, among all these specimens will certainly stand out bonsai maple. If the previous plants during the entire vegetative season retain the green of their leaves (sakura is covered with bright flowers), then the maple is notable for the fact that its foliage acquires bright, variegated shades. Plant such a copy in your home, and no one will pass by this aesthetic decoration.

In order to achieve the desired result during the cultivation of a maple bonsai tree, it is necessary to understand which plant species can be used for this purpose. Seasoned growers recommend leaning towards the following types of maple:

  • rocky
  • field,
  • leaved,
  • palmate,
  • platanolist

It is better to choose from these specimens, since small leaves form in their dwarf plants, which will harmoniously look like a bonsai composition.

Interestingly, the modern art of creating such indoor masterpieces is constantly developing. If you want to replenish your floral collection with home miniature maple, feel free to purchase its color variations: blue maple bonsai, Japanese red (Atropurpureum), purple. Such maple compositions will not leave anyone indifferent.

Landing rules

Growing maple and creating a composition called bonsai out of it is a laborious task. However, the result is worth the money spent and effort.

All that is required of you at first is to thoroughly prepare for the process of rooting the green specimen.

It is necessary to purchase high-quality seed, select the optimal soil composition and even a flowerpot suitable for maple. Consider all these preparatory moments in detail.

Soil and capacity

To grow maple at home, you first need to prepare a nutrient substrate. To do this, you will need to mix in the same proportions alumina, humus, and sand. However, simply combining all the components is not enough to effectively grow maple.

You should also consider disinfecting the soil. Follow the steps outlined below:

  • heat treat the earth composition,
  • place the container with the substrate in a microwave, oven or in a water bath,
  • After that, the mixture must be dried, pass through a sieve.

It is possible to disinfect the soil by the method of freezing. If you do not want to spend time on such procedures, there is an alternative option: buy dietary supplements "Fitosporin", "Barrier", etc.

Their use will help you destroy fungal components, as well as insect eggs. After such treatment, it is recommended to saturate the soil with fertilizers.

Thus, you will correctly prepare the substrate for sowing the seeds of a tree in it.

The pot for the future of the tree must also be carefully prepared. Use it to wash the mixture with non-aggressive components. After that, let it dry thoroughly. Another key point: there should be drainage holes in the flowerpot. You can cover the bottom of the pot with a fine mesh so that the dried earth does not spill out.

Selection of planting material

How to grow a full-fledged maple bonsai blue from seeds know experienced flower growers. However, the newcomer can cope with this task. Of great importance is the quality of the seed. The best option for the grower is to get the seeds of the trees in the botanical garden or in the park. It is here that the most exotic specimens live.

However, if you do not have such an opportunity, buy seeds on the Internet or visit flower shops. Do not rush immediately after acquiring rooting seed. To begin with, grains should be placed in wet sand and kept in such an environment.

Sowing seeds

To begin, fill the container with soil, leaving the top 3 cm empty. Then spread the seeds: if there are several of them, the distance between them should be at least 1 cm. Carefully press them down with the board, and then sprinkle them with earth.

Now moisten the substrate and cover it with either glass or clear plastic wrap. In this case, the plant will absorb itself a lot of sunlight, which he needs.

When the first sprouts sprout from the seeds, slightly open the glass, and in the film make several openings for fresh air to reach them.

Landing of escape

It is not necessary to germinate a plant from seed. Maple bonsai composition also rooted in the form of cuttings. To do this, pour the earth into a pot, then place a seedling stalk there, next to it is to place a peg (the initial support for the green specimen). Fix the mini tree, compact the substrate and moisten it.

Tree care

Maple is a typical deciduous tree and its home version is no exception. That is why be prepared for the fact that in winter the plant is dormant and completely discards the foliage. Too much heat in the room is not for him: the temperature of +6 ° C is perfect for the full cultivation of maple.

If the climate in your house is dry, be sure to spray the tree. Do not forget that the first pruning of root processes is carried out before full shoots appear on the green specimen.

Formation

When your red or blue Japanese maple is still young, you can prune its branches throughout the year.

If you plan to remove thick branches of a tree, it is better to do it in the fall: in this period of time the movement of vegetable juices is no longer so active, therefore you will not cause much harm to the maple.

Any remaining cuts will certainly gloss over, otherwise fungal infections may develop.

General characteristics

Today, there are about 100 species of wood. The plant is easily recognized by the following criteria:

  • bush or tree with foliage,
  • the height can be from 2 to 10 meters depending on the variety,
  • small leaves bright shade
  • acceptable colors: green, yellow, flame red, pink,
  • leaf shape resembles a palm tree
  • during flowering small flowers are formed.

Japanese maple is suitable for people who love autumn mood and its violent colors. There are many varieties of this tree, it is worth mentioning separately some important varieties.

We will give you the most unique and amazingly beautiful trees that you will find in a store or in a nursery.

  1. "Aconitifolium". From spring to late summer foliage bright green. In the autumn period, the shade of the tree is yellow-orange. The shape of the leaves resembles deep lobes.
  2. "Aureum". This is a variety of finger maple. The krone has a bright yellow tint. The shape of the leaves resembles finely indented blades. Among these representatives there are trees with colored bark.
  3. "Atropurpurreum". The shape of the leaves as in the previous variety. Preferably differs from all other species in its color range. For the entire season, the crown varies from bright red to black and purple.
  4. "Dissectum". The leaves have a semicircular pinned shape. Their color is often red-purple hue.

On this variety of ornamental trees do not end. You can choose a plant according to your taste preferences, which will harmoniously fit into the landscape of the garden plot.

Why do you need?

Japanese maple, planting and care for which is simple, beautiful and looks perfect in the following places:

  • pond,
  • rock garden,
  • lawn near the house or terrace,
  • front garden

Professional garden designers grow trees on the roofs of buildings. You can beautifully and originally landed it in separate wooden barrels or tubs. If you are a fan of bonsai style, then Japanese maple saplings are used to compile plant compositions. Moving on to the next important step.

The procedure is simple, but requires special knowledge. Planting Japanese maple requires the necessary materials. To do this, cook:

Is landing according to the following algorithm:

  1. Dig a hole. It should be two times as deep and wide as the root of the tree.
  2. If you bought a ready-made plant stalk, then free it from the pot. Unravel the roots and loosen the ground before planting.
  3. Add pre-cooked compost and peat to the pit.
  4. Bury the plant.
  5. Make a well around the bush, which is required for comfortable watering.
  6. Moisten the tree thoroughly so that the roots will soon take root in the new soil.
  7. Next spring, after planting, add a layer of mulch under the tree. It should consist of land with rotten leaves.
  8. If the summer is too hot, the bush should be watered more often.

To plant well and quickly got accustomed to prepare the right place.

Where to plant?

Japanese maple will develop in an ideal location, which should correspond to the following indicators:

  1. If you plant a palatine variety, then prepare a shadow for it. For all the others, the sunny side is suitable.
  2. The soil must be water permeable. If the tree does not receive the right amount of moisture, the leaves will turn brown.
  3. The place where maple should grow should not be treated with lime. After contact with the substance of the bush leaves begin to fall.

Now you know where and how to plant Japanese maple. Care is the next stage in the cultivation of an ornamental plant.

Popular species and varieties

Under the term "Japanese maple" usually refer to three types of wood: fan, Shirasawa and directly Japanese. Their differences are not so significant, but they are extremely important for choosing the "necessary" plant in gardening.

The legendary fan, or palm-shaped maple got its name due to the special structure of the leaves, which can be the "highlight" of any park. It has the shape of an open palm or a lacy fan and becomes bright scarlet in June. The height of the palmate tree does not exceed two meters. This species includes many plant varieties, but The most popular are the following:

  • 'Garnet',
  • 'Atropurpureum',
  • 'Aconitifolium',
  • 'Bloodgood',
  • 'Nicholsonii',
  • 'Orange Dream'.

Not the most common, but attracting admiring glances Shirasawa Maple has a huge range of colors: from bright yellow to maroon-red. Unlike other ornamental species, it can grow large enough: up to 15 m high and with a trunk up to 60 cm in diameter. Japanese maple and its variety 'Dissectum Nigrum' are very popular, the black and red foliage of which harmonizes remarkably with the green lawns of many landscapes.

Competent selection of seedlings

Since the plant is quite expensive, then the choice of seedlings should be approached carefully. Decide on the Japanese maple variety: if you have a large growing area, then you can safely stop at large trees (for example, Shirasawa maple), in the case of a limited area it is better to buy shrubs.

Seedling recommended to buy in a container, as in this case, planting and further care of the Japanese maple will be easier and safer. In addition, the probability that the tree will take root, is higher, since it will be in the “native” soil and its root system will not suffer during the landing.

Buying maple stands in a special store. It should have a fresh healthy appearance, without slack leaves or any kind of damage.

Where to plant

Many people are afraid to acquire a representative of the Japanese flora, considering this plant to be capricious and unsuitable for our latitudes. This is not true. Growing Japanese red maple at home is possible, but there are still some nuances when choosing a place to plant. First, you should choose a location where the soil will be sufficiently hydrated. On the other hand, make sure that there is not a large amount of stagnant moisture, the plant does not like it.

Secondly, best of all your handsome will feel in cozy and sheltered from the wind. Draft, he is not particularly afraid, but still in a quiet corner will grow much faster.

There are no special requirements for lighting. Of course, it is better not to land in a completely dark place. Remember that for the natural processes of photosynthesis is very necessary light. In addition to this, the varied color of maple in the sun will play brighter.

And finally, do not forget about the "neighbors" of this beautiful plant. Do not recommend to plant near other large trees. This will “steal” the light from the maple, and the site will be overloaded, the maple will be lost between the big branches. In addition, the crown should have enough space for growth and development. The best option would be the flowers next to the Japanese maple. Chrysanthemums, violets and gladioli look good.

Soil preparation

As noted earlier, maple loves moisturebut not "standing water". That is why experienced gardeners advise to take care of drainage for its root system (small stones, screenings). Watering the seedling is often, but not too plentiful.

Almost any soil is suitable; for trees, high humus content is natural. The only exception is too alkaline earth. The soil must be fertile. When disembarking it is recommended to feed.

Scheme and technology

The technology of growing a tree is simple. It includes two stages, in the case of growing Japanese maple from seeds. Seeds are germinated in a standard way, like ordinary seedlings. They are soaked for 2-3 hours. After that, choose a container with a diameter of 10–15 cm and a height of 10–20 cm. Make small holes in the ground, spread the seeds separately from each other to a depth of 4–5 cm and sprinkle with a layer of soil. Then slightly moisten the soil and put in a warm place where there is no direct sunlight. For the greenhouse effect, it is better to cover the container with glass and let the seedlings “breathe” once a day.

When the maple grows and leaves begin to appear on it, it can be planted in a permanent place.

The scheme is as follows:

  1. A pit is made up to a depth of 30 cm.
  2. Sand and drainage (4–5 cm thick) are laid out on the bottom of the depression.
  3. Moisturized soil.
  4. The tree is carefully removed from the container and placed in a hole.
  5. Sprinkled with earth mixed with peat.
  6. Water the seedling and spray the leaves with a little water.

After some time it will be possible to reproduce the maple with fresh seeds. Vegetative reproduction is almost never practiced, since it is ineffective.

Planting for seedlings

The tree attracts the attention with an orange or red crown and grayish bark of the trunk. There are several types of plants, seedlings are chosen based on the size of their own plot.

Get young maple in a container. So the roots of the tree will not suffer during planting, and the soil familiar to the plant will increase the chances of survival. Choose a sapling up to a year, with healthy leaves and no obvious damage.

First of all, find a place suitable for maple in the area, without drafts and with good lighting. The presence of large trees nearby is undesirable.

Simple landing rules are as follows:

  • Prepare a 30 cm hollow in the soil.
  • The tree does not like overmoistening, so form a drainage layer of sifting or small stones 5 cm thick.
  • Moisten the soil, remove the seedling from the container and place it in the hole.
  • Top with the soil containing peat.
  • Water the young tree, spray the leaves with water.

Maple is undemanding to the composition of the soil, the main condition is the presence of humus. Strongly alkaline environment is not suitable for plants. Further watering is often organized in small volumes.

Growing from seed

Collect the seeds in the fall when they start to fall. For the next 4 months, keep them in a cold place where the temperature does not exceed +5 ° C, in a container with moistened sand.

Main growing activities:

  • In late April or early May, place the seeds for 3 days in hydrogen peroxide for decontamination.
  • Stir the soil before planting with sand, peat and humus.
  • Depth of maple seeds over 3 cm. For planting, use containers with a height of 20 cm and a diameter of 15 cm.
  • Keep the soil moist for the next time.

Accelerate the germination will help the greenhouse effect. See the first shoots out after 2 weeks. After the appearance of the first leaves of the plant transplant in open ground. Maple grows slowly, care for the plant includes 3 steps:

  • timely watering,
  • soil loosening
  • weed removal.

Under the conditions of planting and care, by autumn the maple sprouts will reach a height of 20–35 cm. After 1–3 years, transplant the seedlings to a permanent place.

A beautiful plant with caring care attracts bright foliage and unusual trunk. Periodic pruning of branches contributes to the formation of the crown of the desired shape.

Cherish right

The main care of the plant includes the following items, the implementation of which is mandatory:

  1. Although the tree loves well-moistened soil, but it does not have to be constantly moist. This can rot the roots.
  2. If your site is small - no problem. The bush can take root on any land, the coverage of which may not be suitable for the variety.
  3. Maples are not afraid of drafts.
  4. Every spring must be cut the tree. This procedure in the first years of the life of the plant will help him to find the correct form. In the subsequent period, you can simply remove the dry and diseased branches.
  5. Once a month you need to carry out additional watering. On one root about 15 liters of water.
  6. In August, it was recommended to stop all feeding.

Remember!Additional watering in any case does not cancel the moisture on demand.

The quality of the tree will depend directly on the seed.

How to buy?

If you decide to make a note of brightness and originality in your garden, then you should choose a Japanese maple. Seeds can be purchased in specialized stores or ordered from the catalog. In this case, no one will guarantee that you can grow. It is better to make a purchase in nurseries and purchase ready seedlings. To do this, you are given the following recommendations:

  1. Inspect the plant. It must be healthy. It is better if the bush will be sold in a pot or container.
  2. Make a purchase in early spring or autumn so that the plant can be planted immediately.
  3. Do not purchase a tree in the summer. It is not recommended to plant it during this period, because the plant does not take root well due to drought.

Few people know, but the Japanese maple can be grown not only in the open field. For this ideal home conditions.

House tree

At home, grow a special dwarf variety. Japanese maple on the windowsill has a positive effect on the apartment. Namely:

  • humidifies the air
  • increases the amount of oxygen in your apartment,
  • from spring to autumn will delight its flowering.

Despite the fact that the plant is easy to plant and care for him, he is constantly attacked by various pests, for example:

For the treatment and prevention of diseases, use this solution: dissolve 1 mg of decis in a liter of water. Stir the mixture thoroughly and spray it with your Japanese dwarf maple variety.

Room care

The procedure should include the following items:

  • careful watering from spring to late autumn,
  • in winter, it is better to halve the hydration of a potted plant,
  • wood fertilizer with complex preparations is allowed,
  • Every two years, transplant the plant into a large container.

You met with street and home Japanese maple. Now you can grow in your garden decoration, for which you can take care of all the recommendations.

Description and features

The Japanese maple is an ornamental tree originally from Japan. Today, about 100 different types and varieties of it are known: such a rare variety allows choosing the most suitable variety and leaf color for any landscape design.

The height of the Japanese maple can be from two to ten meters, and has a characteristic bright foliage color. Leaf colors are as follows:

There are other, more rare, shades of color: it depends on the plant variety.

An interesting and unusual shape of the plant: the Japanese maple has a lush sprawling wide crown, something like a palm. This is an ideal plant for autumn: with its remarkable variety of bright foliage, it can dispel any blues, raise the mood, inspire creativity.

In the northern regions, unfortunately, street cultivation of the Japanese maple is very difficult: only if you place the plant in a large tub, which you can put in a house or shed for the winter.

Today, the following varieties of Japanese maple are the most decorative and popular.

It is a low grade tree: it reaches only one and a half meters in height. It has decorative wide leaves, beautiful and bright orange-yellow shade.

This is a truly unique variety, since the tree in this case leaves inky black.

This variety of Japanese maple has the original bright red foliage, as well as the ruby ​​bark. You can imagine how a plant has a decorative appearance.

An interesting variety that has double color of leaves: in summer they are green, and by the autumn they change color to golden.

Description of Japanese Maple

In natural landscapes - deciduous tree or shrub up to 10 meters. The bark and branches are painted in a reddish-gray color, they are smooth.

The leaves of our maple are cut into half of the diameter into several segments (from 7 to 11), large (coverage up to 15 centimeters). Depending on the grade, the dissection of the leaflets can be different, sometimes they are very feathery. Scapes on which leaves grow, 3-5 cm long, may be pubescent.

Due to the magnificent color of the leaves, this species of maple has become so popular, the crowns of a handsome Japanese man are fluttering in the middle of the garden with a red flame. Some of its species have a purple-red foliage color throughout the vegetative season, others change color from green to yellow and crimson.

Bright flowers of small size appear earlier than the leaves in spring. Of them are formed krylatki. These are achenes up to 3 centimeters in length, with the help of which the reproduction of plants of this genus takes place.

Eastern maple trees are grown in the open field and in special tubs.

Types and interesting varieties

The Japanese maple has several subspecies, and the breeders have developed amazing varieties that no one can pass by without being passed over. They differ in the shape of the tree and the leaves, demanding on the conditions of detention. Can be, as high copies, and undersized.

It should be noted that culturally cultivated varieties are much more picturesque and are much more common in basic natural varieties. In addition to the above-described main species, others are also grown.

Fan (palmate)

The original tree has a spreading crown with beautiful, carved leaves. Long-leafed leaves have a lace shape, they retain golden yellow or red color throughout the season. Throwing off the foliage, this plant remains a decoration of the garden, thanks to the elegant branches. It blooms red in June, and many varieties have been created on its basis.

Maple Shirasawa

A rare variety with a height of up to 15 meters, there are shrubs of low growth shape. Leaf plate is not much cut, large. Aureum is a prominent representative of this species. This shrub grows up to 4 meters up, has a yellow-orange leaf with a border around the edge. Winter-hardy enough variety, but they love to cultivate it in tubing conditions.

Orange dream

Yellow-green leaves with a red border are painted in a red-orange color scheme. Orange Dream is growing fast and is tall.

Very ornamental shrub with delicate outlines of dark red leaves, almost inky shade. Even in the shade does not lose the dark color of the foliage.

Mikawa yatsubusa

Height 1.5 meters, bush dense and squat. Acicular leaves, green in spring, in autumn - scarlet.

One and a half meters in 10 years - this tree grows to such a height. It has a dense bushy crown, its leaves are deeply cut. When it becomes blood-red, it becomes especially attractive. Shaina are planted in containers, decorating their terraces and verandas, halls of houses.

The grade of a red Japanese maple reaches 1.8 meters in an adult state. Green leaves are edged with red and cut. Color saturation retains in partial shade.

The leaves are bright, original red bark.

Dissectum garnet

Finely divided conifer-like leaves in spring are green, becoming reddish-purple or orange-yellow by autumn. Very beautiful, attractive appearance gives the tree a huge coverage of the crown, almost twice the height. Such drooping varieties of shrubs should be placed near the ponds or arbors.

Wilson’s Pink Dwarf

Fan maple variety is not too hardy. The height of the shrub in adult form is 2.5 meters, the coverage is less by 1 meter. The leaves grow on red branches and have an orange color.

Deeply dissected green leaves with a pink or red border give a spectacular view. By the end of the season, the color changes to a purple color.

Where to buy seedlings, where and how to plant

Do not buy seeds of Japanese maple on the Internet from unknown vendors. It is advisable to come to the nursery or shop engaged in certified sales and buy a tree.

It is better to acquire a sapling in spring or autumn, you need to make sure that the bush does not have any damage. It is necessary to land immediately.

Japanese maple varieties like scattered shade and water permeability of the soil. It is not necessary to choose too alkaline soil and cultivate the land with lime.

The soil should be sufficiently fertile or slightly acidic, necessarily loose.

  • The pit is dug twice as large as the root system of the plant,
  • Pour drainage into the hole, then humus or compost with peat,
  • Moisten and straighten roots, plant a tree, sprinkle with earth and water,
  • To preserve moisture zamulchirovat pristvolny space.

Preparing for the winter

In the summer you need to start preparing the maple tree for winter. Finish dressing, watering and loosening. In late autumn, remove all leaves from the bush, and after the first freezing, spray the branches with a weak (3%) copper-containing solution.

In the northern regions of Russia, this culture is still safer to plant in tubs, and bring it to a cool place for the winter period. Wintering is also practiced right in pots laid on the side in the garden, in a shallow trench.

In the middle lane practicing hiding for the winter garden non-woven material. Well, if the winter is snowy, then the maple can survive it stably.

Spring care

With the arrival of spring, it is necessary to awaken a kadochny plant so that it adapts faster and grows. To do this, after frosts leave, on warm days a tree is shed with plenty of water.

Attention! Tender young leaves will inevitably burn in the sun in the springtime. To prevent this, a pot plant is harvested in partial shade or covered, as well as an open ground plant, with a light covering material.

Japanese Maple in Landscape Design

Low growth allows you to successfully grow a plant in coils. The advantage of this method is that the capacity can be moved from one place to another, saving from the sun or removed for the winter, and also from time to time put in different parts of the garden.

The pots are placed on stands, so that they are more noticeable. Whether it is necessary to mention that a slowly growing tree is used to create bonsai. They are formed by special trimming, using wire and other techniques.

The maple dwarf home layout is favorable for indoor air. It moisturizes, gives oxygen and pleases with flowering.

Red Maple is an excellent partner for other garden plants in the garden. It has a not too powerful root system, and does not oppress nearby cultures.

Combined with shrubs, flowering and cereal crops. The neighborhood gives an exclusive look to the garden in the autumn, when the green leaves of other trees stand next to the purple and orange caps of the “Japanese”.

Stony gardens in the Japanese style, rock arias, rock garden, the roof of the building, lawn - everywhere klenok will be a central figure. You can plant these handsome along the walking paths.

The neighborhood and the shores of small artificial reservoirs can be decorated with a picturesque bush planted nearby.

Soil care and watering

The frequency and need for watering depends on the climatic conditions of the territory, the moisture content of the soil itself. On average it is worth watering the soil in a day or two, making sure that there is enough water. In the hot season, maple usually requires not only more abundant watering, but also spraying its foliage. In the rainy season, additional moisture should not be given. If the tree is deprived of attention, the leaves may begin to dry or fall off completely.

In the spring and autumn they still produce mulching of the soil. It consists in sprinkling the soil around the tree with bark. This protects against drying out of the root system in summer and freezing in winter.

Fertilizer used to apply in the spring with a frequency of once a month. The complex mixture for dressing is laid out around a tree trunk or poured into a layer of 5 cm of fresh compost in small loosening.

Last lasting fertilizer is applied in the first half of July.

Wintering plants

Japanese maple is an extremely thermophilic plant, which is why winter time is stressful enough for it. To protect the bush from freezing, worth doing a set of actions:

  • in late autumn, lay out a layer of mulch 10–13 cm thick around the root system,
  • at low temperatures, it is better to warm the trunk with a spruce pine tree,
  • spring frozen branches removed.

If you follow all the rules, your plant will spend the winter very well.

Watch the video: How to grow Bloodgood Japanese Maple with a detailed description (October 2019).

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