For those who are looking for a high-yielding variety, unpretentious in cultivation, not requiring additional care, the tomato of the variety Dubok is the best possible way. The description, characteristics of this variety of tomatoes are fully disassembled in the article. An additional advantage of this type of tomato is that it can be grown on a windowsill without much difficulty.
Description and characteristics of tomato Oak
This variety of tomatoes was bred in the USSR. In the open ground, it is recommended to grow it in Moldova, in Ukraine and in the south of Russia. For the northern regions of the recommended cultivation of this variety in greenhouses. Treats grades of early term of maturing.
The aging period is 95-100 days. The bush is short, no more than 70 cm in height. The bush is formed in 2-3 stems. Does not require a garter and obligatory removal of shoots. During the flowering period, 5-6 inflorescences form, giving the ovary. With proper care from 1 square. meters can be collected from 6 to 8 kg of fruit.
The fruits are small, rounded, slightly ribbed. The color is bright red. Fruit weight 50-100 gr. The skin is thick, but not hard. The flesh is juicy, fleshy, with a small amount of seeds. In taste a little sour. This variety is self-pollinating.
Characteristics of tomato "oak"
The variety was bred in Soviet times for cultivation on the soil under the open air of Moldova, Ukraine and southern Russia. Some fans of the year-round use of their tomatoes grow this sort of tomato on the windowsill.
Tomato has the following characteristics:
- bush varieties undersized, standard, height - 40-60 cm,
- the period from germination to collection is 85-105 days,
- fruits are round, juicy and fleshy. Mass of one fruit - 100-200 g,
- productivity - 7 kg from 1 sq.m,
- sowing for seedlings is done in March, planting seedlings - May-June, the harvest period - July-August,
- bush stocky and powerful, resembles a potato bush from afar.
The merits of tomato "oak"
Tomato variety "Dubok" is very resistant to diseases, unpretentious in cultivation. Also its advantages include frost resistance. In a variety, all fruits ripen at the same time, and tomatoes have excellent keeping quality and transportability. Also, the plant is indifferent to high humidity and drought. It grows equally well on sand and in heavy soils.
Another big plus is that the variety allows collecting seeds for planting next season.
Attention! Tomato "Dubok" provides seeds for planting next season. Not all varieties are capable of it!
Tomato is characterized by excellent taste, versatile in use.
Features growing tomato "oak"
Tomato sprouts well in the soil where cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, lettuce, onions or beans were grown before. The variety is grown by seedling.
Before sowing seeds in March, they must be washed in a weak manganese solution, then rinsed in water. When ensuring the temperature at 18-20 degrees in 5-7 days, the first friendly shoots will appear. When two true leaves are seen, dive seedlings. Seedlings need to be fed at least twice, use for this complex fertilizer. Before planting in the soil, seedlings should be hardened for 2-3 days.
When the shoots will be 55-65 days, they are planted in open ground. This should be done when there is no threat of frost, the best period is April-May. The landing pattern is 60x40 cm, a bush of 2-3 stems. Tomatoes must be regularly pasykovat.
Watering should be carried out after sunset. Tomato can not be watered every day, but you should not allow the soil to dry out.
Tomato "Dubok": description of the variety
The variety of tomato "Dubok" refers to the early ripening, since it takes from 85 to 105 days from planting seeds to the appearance of ripe fruits. The height of its determinant bushes, which are not standard, is 40-60 centimeters. They are distinguished by compactness and weak branching. You can read about indeterminant varieties in this article.
These tomatoes are intended for cultivation in the open field, but they are also grown in greenhouses, in greenhouses, under film, and even in indoor conditions. In the characteristic of tomatoes "Dubok" it is important that they are extremely resistant to late blight, as well as other diseases.
This variety is not a hybrid and does not have the same F1 hybrids.
The first inflorescence on these plants usually forms above the sixth or seventh leaf, and all the rest - through a single leaf. The main stem has five or six inflorescences, and five or six fruits ripen in each hand. About 6 kilograms of tomatoes are usually harvested from one square meter of land.
The yield of other varieties can be found in the table below:
The most preferred precursors for tomatoes "Oak" can be called lettuce, carrots, cabbage, cucumber, onions and legumes.
Advantages and disadvantages
Tomatoes "Dubok" have the following advantages:
- disease resistance
- frost resistance
- simultaneous ripening of fruits
- excellent transportability and keeping quality of tomatoes,
- excellent taste of fruits and versatility in their use.
Tomatoes "Dubok" practically have no flaws, for which they are valued by vegetable growers.
Fruits of tomatoes "Oak" are characterized by a rounded flat shape, medium size and red color. Their fleshy pulp has a pleasant rich flavor with a slight sourness. These tomatoes have a small number of chambers and an average dry matter content.
Their weight can vary from 50 to 110 grams. Tomatoes "Dubok" great for transportation and long-term storage. Tomatoes "Dubok" are versatile in use. They are used for whole-canning, fresh consumption and processing.
Compare the weight of fruit varieties Dubok with others you can in the table below:
Tomato "Dubok" photo:
Features of growing
Tomatoes "Dubok" decided to grow seedlings. Sowing seeds should be carried out in the first month of spring.
If the air temperature in the room where the seedling containers are located will be maintained at 18–20 degrees Celsius, then in 5–7 days it will be possible to admire the first shoots. When the seedlings will acquire two full-fledged leaves, they will need to be dived.
During the period of growth, seedlings should be twice fed with complex fertilizers, and also done during the pick. A week before planting, the seedlings should be hardened.
It is necessary to add to the characteristic of tomatoes "Oak" that the age of seedlings when planting in the ground should be from 55 to 65 days. Typically, the landing occurs in April or May, when the probability of night temperature drops completely disappear.
Tomatoes of this variety are suitable for cultivation in any region of Russia. It is desirable to form a bush in two stalks. As for stabbing, it is not a mandatory procedure, but it is recommended to carry it out. The same goes for tying.
It is very important to choose the right soil, both for planting seedlings and for adult plants in the greenhouse. To understand this article will help about the types of soil for tomatoes.
Watering tomatoes "oak" should be carried out after sunset. They do not require abundant watering, but should not allow the soil to dry out. Mulching will help to keep moisture and prevent the growth of weeds. To increase the yield, tomatoes, "Oak" must be regularly fed fertilizer.
To prepare the fertilizer, you need to mix 50 grams of superphosphate and 250 grams of wood ash, as well as one-fifth of the manure in a bucket of clean water. It is necessary to apply this fertilizer once in twenty days.
We must not forget about the removal of weeds and loosening the soil, as well as about hilling plants.
Characteristic varietal characteristics and description
Despite the fact that the variety Oak was bred in the USSR, its remarkable characteristics convince gardeners to grow these tomatoes today. Between the dense foliage of a bush, the weighty clusters of tomatoes amaze even experienced agrotechnicians. The ripe Oak is endowed with a bright red color and a rounded shape, has good taste characteristics and the presence of refreshing sourness. The main characterizing indicators are:
- early tomato ripening
- the height of the bush reaches 70 cm
- is made into a powerful bush and is not a standard tomato,
- feels fine, being formed in 3 or even 4 stalks,
- Oak variety does not produce an excessive number of stepsons.
In the case of growing tomatoes, both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions, the primary task is sowing seeds for seedlings. The seeding stage is recommended to be carried out in the third decade of March or in the first ten days of April, depending on the region.
Acquired seeds are pre-soaked in a solution of manganese (30-40 minutes) in advance, washed under cold water and sown no deeper than 0.6-0.8 cm in the soil mixture from soil and humus or compost. When the spring frosts are behind and the soil is heated to 16 degrees, it is time to move the seedlings to the ground. Should be planted at a distance of 60-70 cm in a staggered manner between the rows.
If the fertility of the soil is not restored after last year's harvest, mineral fertilizers are used in growing tomatoes. It is necessary to take into account the fact that tomatoes make the soil acidic, while they themselves love to grow in neutral pH conditions. More fundamentally important to observe crop rotation. For tomatoes more suitable areas after zucchini, pumpkin, radish, cucumbers, beets and are not suitable after potatoes, eggplant, peppers and other plants with fruit-bearing apex.
Virtues of the variety
When it comes to virtues, Dubka has a lot of them:
- It ripens earlier because flower stalks and brushes are laid through fewer leaves, and fruit ripening occurs earlier than in non-determinant varieties.
- Increased productivity, based on the fact that the tying of flowers occurs in a larger volume.
- Simultaneous ripening of several brushes, as being determinant, tomato Oak is able to tie them.
- Excellent indicators of simplicity to storage conditions and period of preservation.
- Requires replenishment of mineral reserves, due to the frequent formation of brushes.
- It is necessary to remove excess flower ovaries from the bush and not to overload the plant.
- In case of excessive overload of the bush by the ovaries, its resistance to various diseases decreases.
Caring for Tomato Oak
Caring for tomatoes of this variety is no different from other determinant tomatoes, including only the simplest processes, namely:
- Regular hilling bushes.
- Removal of stepsons, as needed.
- Fertilizing fertilizer before hilling and watering, as needed.
- Fight and a variety of infections and pests.
Some gardeners insist that this variety should not be tied up, others believe otherwise, and only by testing it on oneself can one draw certain conclusions. This indicator depends on the timeliness of the collected fruits and their quantity. This variety feels great even during short-term unexpected frosts, rainy or extremely dry weather.
The weight difference of one vegetable is 60-130 grams. The average yield is 2-5 kg per bush. Having freed up a space of 30-40 cm for a plant, one can expect a stably high yield. In case of untimely planting or adverse weather conditions, this tomato will not make you worry about its immaturity, since, even when gathered brown, it can reach within a few days (3-4).
The flesh of this variety is somewhat dry and hard in quality, due to which it is perfect for winter harvesting:
- in the form of lecho, tomato and tomato paste,
- pickling and salting,
- vegetable salads.
Growing tomatoes in the open field, Oak variety will be a success even for a beginner in gardening, and even if there is at least a small greenhouse and even more so. Seasoned gardeners claim that it can be grown even in room conditions on a windowsill.
Tatyana Volodina, Moscow region
“I try to ease my work as much as possible and not lose money with the harvest, so I used to plant mostly hybrids. Last year, decided to experiment and planted varietal seeds "Oak". The whole tomato season enjoyed minimal care and maximum results. The fruits in the greenhouse ripened in the earliest terms. When others only dreamed of tomatoes, I already ate. ”
Nikita Belov, Crimea
Planted "Oak" and not disappointed. A lot of tomatoes, delicious salad and twist very good. In the future, I will establish drip irrigation, and there will be beauty in general. Seeds for this year I have prepared my own, on the variety you can. Thank you seller.
Tomato Dubok: variety description
Tomato Dubok belongs to the early ripening varieties and is distinguished by a short period of fruit ripening - about 85 days. Externally, it is represented by undersized (about 0.4-0.5 m) bushes with undeveloped branching. The first inflorescence is formed on the plants above the sixth leaf, and subsequent ones - through one leaf. On the main stem grows from 4 to 6 inflorescences, each of which gives the same amount of fruit. It is not a hybrid and does not have the same hybrids.
Ripe tomatoes have a rather small size (about 50-100 g) and a rounded shape (sometimes flattened) with a slight ribbing. The rind of ripe fruit is rather dense and almost never cracks. The flesh of ripe tomatoes is very fleshy, few seeds. Gardeners emphasize the taste of the fruit: they are sweet, juicy, sometimes sour. It is used both in fresh and in canned form (even whole).
If the crop is planted at the site with the most suitable climatic conditions and the agrotechnical rules are strictly observed, the tomato crop can reach 6-8 kg per square meter. meter And you can grow a culture not only in the open field, but also at home.
Attention! When grown in indoor conditions, the plant will require artificial pollination, otherwise the crop should not be expected.
Almost all reviews of gardeners boil down to the fact that the variety of tomato Oak practically has no flaws. Therefore, it is advisable to consider all its advantages:
- high yield,
- excellent taste,
- immunity to most tomato diseases,
- unpretentious care,
- excellent keeping quality and transportability,
- simultaneous ripening of fruits.
Seed preparation and seedling cultivation
Before sowing, the seeds must undergo a certain preparation:
- Selection of seeds suitable for planting occurs by soaking them in saline. Rising to the surface of the seeds throws, as they are not suitable for planting. The bottom is washed well,
- Soak for 20 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection,
- We process growth stimulant,
- We spread the treated seeds on a wet gauze for germination. It is necessary to ensure that the gauze remains always wet,
- We perform the tempering procedure. We put the seeds in a rag bag or napkin and place them in the refrigerator for 24 hours.
- We warm for 5 hours at a temperature of 24 degrees.
For growing seedlings it is better to use ready-made soil, although this variety is unpretentious to the soil. First you need to pour it with a hot solution of strong manganese. Seeds deepen by 0.5cm. sprinkle the top with a thin layer of soil, do not compact.
Moisten the soil with a spray bottle, cover with glass and leave in a well-lit room with a temperature of 23 degrees.When the first shoots appear, remove the glass and organize additional round-the-clock daylight illumination.
If there are 2 sheets, it is necessary to transplant the plants into separate containers. For the period of growth of seedlings dressing must be made twice.
The first feeding is carried out a week after transplanting seedlings. For these purposes, you can use the ash solution or fermented mullein. The second dressing make 14 days after making the first. Before transplanting plants to open beds, seedlings at the age must be hardened.
At the time of hardening, seedlings should be at the age of 50-55 days. To do this, the daytime temperature is reduced to 17 degrees, and nighttime to 12 degrees. In the presence of seedlings 3-4 sheets to carry out planting in open ground.
Planting tomato in open ground
Seedlings are planted on open beds in late April or early May after spring frosts have passed. Plants should be planted on open, well-lit beds. Cabbage, cucumbers, onions, and carrots are good precursors for this variety.
The distance between the bushes should be 50 cm, and between the rows of 60 cm. It should not be densely planted seedlings. On 1 square. meter you can land no more than 6 bushes. The bush is formed into two trunks.
To get a good crop plants need to be periodically fertilized. For fertilizing it is good to use fertilizers mixed in this proportion:
- water — 10 liters,
- ash — 250 grams,
- superphosphate — 50 grams,
- mullein fermented — 2 liters.
This dressing must be applied to the soil every 20 days. After watering, it is necessary to perform loosening in order to prevent moisture stagnation and to give oxygen access to the root system. Obligatory care is the removal of weeds, shading plants and pulling useful substances from the soil.
Diseases and pests
Tomatoes of this variety have high immunity to diseases. In order to prevent it is recommended to treat plants with phytosporin.
May be attacked by such pests as:
- slug naked
- Colorado beetle,
- white scoop
To combat aphids, it is necessary to treat the bushes with ash solution, or with a solution of household soap. To combat the remaining pests using copper sulfate.
Fertilizer tomato "oak"
Tomato "Dubok" needs regular feeding. This requires organic fertilizers, wood ash and superphosphate. Once every 20 days, these ingredients are mixed with clean water, which is then poured under the root of tomatoes. Proportions:
- manure - 1: 5,
- wood ash - 250 g,
- superphosphate - 50 g
Tip! Feed the tomato 1 time in 20 days. This will significantly increase the yield!
Regular feeding of the plant will significantly increase the amount of the crop. Also it is worthwhile to periodically engage in loosening the soil and removing weeds. The constant hilling of a tomato will lead to an increase in new roots, and this, in turn, will positively affect the amount of the desired crop.
Reviews about tomato "Dubok"
90% of vacationers reviews are positive. The emphasis is on the unpretentiousness of the variety, because it requires minimal care. Also pleased with the rapid ripening of fruits - while other varieties are just beginning to turn pink, “Dubok” can already be harvested.
Most of the summer residents were pleased with the increased yields, as well as the resistance to the lack of watering, when there were interruptions in water supply. Another of the advantages of the variety include the possibility of using not only raw but also canned. Tomato has a rich taste and aroma.
Tomato "Dubok" does not surrender leadership positions for many years. He is loved by gardeners for medium-sized fruits, which ripen together and delight in large quantities. There is no need to buy seeds every season, because This variety allows for independent harvesting of seedlings. Tomatoes grow well in the greenhouse, as well as in the open field. Possible yield, in 7 kg from 1 square. m, can not attract.
This variety was obtained in the new century. Breeders endowed the "Oak" with a number of positive qualities, while the tomato is not a hybrid. That is, its seeds can also be planted after 1-2 years, and their productivity and crop quality will not decrease. The beauty of tomatoes "Oak" in their short stature, in the absence of the need for staving. This all saves time and effort.
The variety "Dubok" is often used for growing at home on the windowsill. It gives good fruit, but pollination must be carried out manually.
The variety loves well-moistened soil so that the roots of the bushes can develop. With regards to the soil, the tomato prefers sand, fertile land with good breathability. The variety pleases with its early ripening, and the pests and diseases do not bother the tomato "Dubok". Dahlia details the description and description of the variety.
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomatoes "Dubok".
- The variety has early ripening. The fruits on the bushes ripen in 85-100 days after sowing seed.
- Refers to determinant species. The stem does not grow more than 40-50 cm.
- An excellent variety for those who have a small area, as the bushes branch out a little and take up little space.
- Highly resistant variety to phytophthora, rot, mosaic and other diseases.
- One brush forms 5-6 fruits. All these brushes can be up to seven.
- Productivity from square meter - 6-7 kg.
- It grows best on the soil where legumes, cucumbers, cabbage, and greens were previously grown.
- Fruits ripen evenly. They are very well stored and transported over long distances.
- The variety is cold-resistant, but does not like temperature drops very much.
- Fruits are red, fleshy pulp. Their taste is very pleasant, tomato flavor. There is sourness. The shape of the fruit is slightly flattened.
- Weight - 50-115 grams. Compact size makes it very convenient canning in general.
- "Dubok" has a universal table purpose.
Crops start from mid-March to April. The soil is prepared from garden soil, sand, humus. Here you can add superphosphate or wood ash. Seeds are best sanitized before planting and treated with a growth stimulator. You can take manganese, the drug "Zircon".
The containers are covered under the film, after emergence of shoots it is removed. Before transfer to the ground, saplings dive, monitor humidity. In two weeks they begin to harden the seedlings and in the beginning or middle of May they can plant the seedlings in open ground.
Bushes grow compactly, because the wells can be located at a distance of 35 cm from each other. While planting in the hole, you can pour a spoonful of mineral fertilizer. Then, once every 2-3 weeks they make such dressing - 50 grams of superphosphate, 1/4 liter of ash, 1/5 part of manure are placed on a bucket of water. Then watered at the root of the bushes in the evening. Every time after watering you need to loosen the soil.
Just like that, you can grow a tomato "Dubok". Description of the variety and photos give you an idea of its fruits. Reviews of summer residents characterize the variety as worthy and not causing trouble.
"Oak" gives a stable harvest, it is convenient for conservation. Suitable for growing everywhere.
Heavy and sandy soil is the best choice for this variety. It is not so important that the soil is of the highest quality and endowed with high fertility, but there should be enough nutrients in it. These vegetables are good because they can be cultivated in a variety of ways, due to their unpretentiousness in the climate.
But, despite its favorable nature, tomatoes need warmth and relative constancy of temperature. Excessive sharpness of its differences certainly harm the proper and healthy growth of culture.
"Dubrava" will grow in conditions: