Tomatoes take pride of place on our table. Every self-respecting summer resident grows them on his site. Only the choice of variety is sometimes in doubt. Now the tomato Riddle relating to the ultra-fast-growing is gaining popularity. Do not confuse this variety with the Enigma of Nature; these are completely different varieties. It is distinguished by the fact that it provides an excellent opportunity to get a great harvest in the shortest possible time. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.
Description and characteristics of tomato riddle
Riddle Tomato has a very powerful stem, which makes it possible not to tie it at all. The height of the bush is small (up to half a meter), the size is compact. It differs from similar varieties in early ripeness. The first fruits can be collected 85 days after planting.
Ultra early variety of tomatoes Mystery
The variety is very resistant to various kinds of diseases, gives very few stepsons, grows well in the shade. The fruits have a rounded shape with a slight ribbing near the stem. Their color is bright red, weight reaches 100 grams. In terms of yield, the variety gives average results. With one square meter bed you can get about 20 kilograms of crop.
Advantages and disadvantages
Tomato Riddle has many more advantages than disadvantages. Among the advantages can be identified:
- highly early ripening fruits,
- excellent taste,
- small bush,
- gives little stepsons,
- OK grows in partial shade,
- fine preserves the presentation and quality during transportation,
- unpretentiousness in care,
- fruit same size.
Of the shortcomings practicing gardeners say only not very high yields. Otherwise, the early variety fully satisfies the demands of summer residents.
Features of soil preparation for planting seeds
Planting tomato seeds Riddle carried out in a standard way. Soil can be used as a purchase, and to prepare their own. Seeds start sowing from late March to mid-April. These dates depend on the climatic conditions of a particular region.
Since the Riddle belongs to the superearly varieties and the bush has a small size, they begin to prepare the soil for planting in the fall. During this period, organic fertilizers are applied to the garden, where it is planned to plant tomatoes in the future. It is best to use manure. In the spring, mineral fertilizers are added in this composition:
Everything is mixed in approximately equal amounts, and then the resulting mixture is treated with soil.
How to choose the right seeds for planting?
When choosing a planting material of tomatoes Riddle, you must first pay attention to the shelf life. If it comes to an end, then there is a high probability that germination will not be very good, it will be necessary to sow thicker.
Seeds can be collected and independently. To do this, choose high-quality fruit without flaws and deformation. They are left to sing until they become soft. After that, cut and squeeze the seeds. Then they are dried and selected the largest, mature.
Seeds start sowing in the last decade of March and finish in the middle of April. Sowing is carried out in pre-prepared and decontaminated soil. They are filled with containers for growing seedlings. In the ground make small grooves with a depth of about 1 centimeter. The distance between them should be 2-3 centimeters.
Sowing seeds for seedlings produced in the last decade of March
After all this, planting is covered with polyethylene or glass and put on a well-lit place until germination.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open ground
To the open ground, seedlings of tomato variety Riddle are sent only after the threat of night frost has passed. If the night temperature is quite low, the plants may stop growing. That is why the planting is carried out in the period when the soil is already well warmed.
Transplantation is best done in the morning or evening. On one square have 7-9 plants. The seedling should be 55 days old at the time of the pick. Tomatoes are covered with earth to the first leaf, and then they squeeze the earth around and water well.
Grade care after transplanting
After transplanting tomatoes in open ground, take care of them as follows. Watering is carried out as the drying of the topsoil.
A mandatory component of care for tomatoes is weeding and loosening the soil, as well as its mulching. Periodically, plants should be fed with mineral fertilizers. As a rule, two supplements are carried out during the season. The first - a couple of weeks after planting, and the second after the appearance of the first ripe brushes.
Diseases and their prevention
In view of the fact that the Riddle belongs to superearly varieties, she manages to give a harvest even before the main diseases of the tomatoes begin to progress. That is why the fight against diseases and pests is reduced to a minimum. The variety has a fairly high resistance to damage by major pathogens, but still some security measures are worth making.
For the prevention of late blight and other diseases, spraying tomatoes with Bordeaux mixture is carried out from the end of June - beginning of July
To prevent the spread of fungal diseases due to high humidity, effectively spray planting bordeaux mixture. She also protects against some insects seeking to eat young seedlings. The Riddle does not need other types of processing and gives a wonderful harvest without their participation.
Tomato Riddle every year attracts more and more attention. Compared to its competitors, its fruits ripen very early and allow harvesting long before the rest of the tomatoes ripen on the plot. Besides, the grade is unpretentious in leaving, demands the minimum quantity of processings from wreckers and diseases. Seedlings grow is also not difficult. Fruits are suitable both for fresh consumption, and for any kind of conservation, as well as tolerate transportation and do not lose their commercial quality. All these advantages make Riddle a leader among other early maturing varieties.
Characteristic and description
Tomato "Mystery of Nature" refers to the number of medium-early varieties of tomatoes. The term of maturation of the fruit is about 110 days. The variety is large-fruited, the weight of one tomato is about 350 grams. 17 kg yield per square meter. Tomatoes have tall stems up to 2 meters long.
Main characteristics and description of this variety:
- flat-round shape,
- in the context of the fruit have a pinkish tint,
- the largest weight of the fruit is 700 grams,
- has a sweet, sugary taste.
Bushes grow tall and powerful, so that they do not break, they must be tied up.
The leaves are bright green, the flowers are yellow. A separate garter is required for each brush of the plant, since the fruits are massive and the plant may break.
List of Varieties Similar to "The Riddle of Nature"
If the store did not have tomatoes of this particular variety, you can replace it with similar ones from the following list:
- Thick boatswain.
- Gold fish.
- Domes of Russia.
- Pride of Siberia.
- Cap Monomakh.
- Cranberries in sugar.
- Shedi Lady
The list contains table varieties of tomatoes, which are similar in taste and appearance to the “Mystery of Nature”.
Tomato growing conditions “Mystery of Nature”
No more than 3 tomatoes are planted per square meter, given that the stems are high, the bushes are razlohie. When grown in greenhouses and in the open field, the placement rules are the same.
The package states that tomatoes grow in open ground, but in the greenhouse you can get the yield several times higher. The first brush begins to form after 8-9 sheets, the next after 3 sheets. Each brush must be tied up, the plants must be pinned.
Tomatoes love mineral fertilizers. Fertilize the plant should be no more than once a month. Mineral fertilizer is purchased in solid form or as a liquid concentrate, diluted with water. The ratio of water and concentrated matter is on the package.
Features of growing
Each gardener who grows tomatoes of the variety “Mystery of Nature” should timely dive, stepchild, tie up and feed them. Dive takes place at the stage of growing seedlings. It is necessary in order to remove the stalks that are unsuitable for planting, to make more room for strong bushes.
It is necessary to thin out the tomatoes so that they have enough free space for growth.
It is necessary to pickle after they are planted in a permanent place. It is done after the first permanent leaves appeared on the plant. Gardeners leave the constant leaves, and the rest gently tear. Many flowers are formed on each brush, but it is not recommended to leave more than 7-8 for the fruits to be large and the overall yield coefficient to be high.
You can see clearly how tomatoes of the Mystery of Nature variety grow in greenhouse conditions, you can find out some recommendations on planting, from the video.
What diseases and pests are dangerous for the plant and how to deal with them
Tomatoes of the variety “Mystery of Nature” can suffer from late blight if they are planted on an open garden bed. To avoid this, they should be sprayed with a special preparation before flowering. The procedure is repeated 2 times, it is done in dry weather. Such agents help to fight against late blight and pests:
- light pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- a light solution of copper sulphate or ammonia,
- drugs Redomil, Aktara, Lightning - help get rid of the Colorado potato beetle, diseases, other pests.
Where Tomatoes Are Applied
Tomatoes varieties "Mystery of Nature" have an interesting appearance, sweet taste. To use tomatoes of this variety can be as follows:
- cook soups and vegetable salads,
- pickle and pickle,
- cook vegetable salads and assorted for the winter.
Most often, these tomatoes are used specifically for the preparation of salads and mixed vegetables. Many housewives find them too big for salting or pickling. Juice from this variety of tomatoes do not.
Particularly high yield of tomatoes varieties "Mystery of Nature" give in the greenhouse, on the open ground, they do not have such high yields. Tomatoes need to be treated with special preparations to protect against late blight and pests. Tomatoes of this variety require regular maintenance, but they are resistant to temperature fluctuations.
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Glyphosate Resistance Edit
In their advertisements, GM-soybean manufacturing companies claim that resistance to roundup increases yields and reduces costs - in fact, resistance to glyphosate-containing herbicides allows you to keep the fields clean from weeds. The advantage of the roundup, unlike other herbicides, is high efficiency in the destruction of a wide range of weeds. At the same time, the very sign of yield is a result of the joint interaction of a whole complex of nonallelic genes and therefore cannot be transferred to a plant organism (soybean) by genetic engineering methods.
An enzyme gene from agrobacteria, which is resistant to herbicide glyphosate, which kills most plants, and is also a "possible human carcinogen" (hazard category "2A") has been introduced into transgenic soybeans. In addition, there are observations that glyphosate also causes cancer in laboratory rats and mice
Company Monsanto (Monsanto, St. Louis, Missouri) - the world leader in the supply of GM soybeans. In 1996, Monsanto launched genetically modified soybean with a new trait. Roundup ready (GTS_40-3-2). RoundAp is a herbicide trademark called glyphosate, which was invented and marketed by Monsanto in the 1970s. Roundup Ready plants contain a complete copy of the enolpyruvil chicmate phosphate synthetase gene (EPSP synthase) from soil bacteria Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, transferred to the soybean genome with the help of a gene gun (Gene gun), which makes them resistant to the herbicide glyphosate used all over the world to control weeds.
For 2007, RR-soybeans were grown on 92% of all the US sown areas planted with this crop. The attractiveness of RR soybeans for farmers lies primarily in the fact that it is easier and cheaper to grow, since it is much more effective to fight weeds. The herbicide resistance gene allows plants to be treated after germination up to the flowering stage. This allows farmers to reduce the total number of treatments with various herbicides and thus significantly save time and money. This has led to the rapid spread of transgenic soy throughout the world. The Roundup Radio technology is protected in North America by a number of patents, so when buying transgenic soybeans, American and Canadian farmers sign a contract that bans them from keeping their seeds or selling them to other farmers for growing next year. In Argentina and Brazil, other major world suppliers of soybeans, intellectual property protection is not so developed, which led to the situation of mass piracy of Roundup technology.