Garden

Care at home for a gentle and dangerous ivy (heder)

Do you like to grow and care for indoor flowers? Most of us are likely to give a positive answer to the question. In fact, growing flowers or plants can be a real hobby.

However, before those who are just beginning to grow flowers or indoor plants, there may be a logical question, which plant to choose for planting?

Nowadays, experts offer a whole range of plants for home planting. Each plant has its own characteristics, differences and needs some care. Take at least such a plant as indoor ivy. What is it and what are its distinctive features? Let's find out.

Home ivy, or indoor, is a plant that belongs to a number of the Aralev family. It looks like creeping and curly shrubs with aerial roots. The standard color of the houseplant is dark green. On stalks of a bush dense leathery leaflets are located. Leaves have angular-lobed shape.

Such an interesting and evergreen plant usually grows well in countries where there is a mild climate (that is, in the countries of the northern hemisphere). On the territory of our country, ivy is used as a houseplant.

What is a plant like?

According to existing data, there are up to 15 types of flower heder. All of them are common in different parts of our planet. For example, in America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Consider some popular and famous types of ivy house plants:

  • Pastukhov's plant. This kind of header is very rare. It can rightly be considered a rarity (at the moment it is listed in the Red Book). Such ivy sprouts are commonly found in Eastern Transcaucasia. The Shepherd's plant prefers to grow both in lowlands and in mountainous areas. The bush creeps along the ground, clinging to the trunk of a tree,
  • Colchis. This type of header successfully exists and grows in countries such as Asia Minor, Iran and the South Caucasus. Differs in rapid growth. At the same time, the Colchis plant lacks good resistance to frosty weather. The shrub itself consists of large leathery leaves. The leaves are attached to the stalk with the help of special suckers. Shrub can climb to a height of 30 meters. This plant plate may have a different shape.
  • Canarian. The next type of plant is most often used for breeding at home. When caring for Canary ivy, it should be remembered that it needs good sanctification, warmth and fertile soil. Compliance with all these conditions will help him grow better and feel good. In addition, Canarian evergreen shrubs do not tolerate frost. In appearance, such a shrub looks very impressive. It has quite bright and colorful leaves. English ivy is also found.
  • Ordinary. The fourth type has a high degree of decoration. Therefore, it is actively used in gardening. In this case, ordinary ivy acts as a climbing plant. However, common ivy can be used for other purposes. Thanks to the efforts of specialists, whole types of bush hybrids were bred. All these hybrids, of course, differ among themselves. Both in color and in the form of sheets. When growing ordinary ivy, certain rules and conditions are also required. For example, it is imperative to choose fertile soil. Also, you need a warm, but at the same time, shady place. The leaves of the shrub have a medium shape. The location they alternate.

Here are some common types of shrubs.

Growing Hedera Helix at home. Is it possible to keep a flower at home?

Stopping the choice on this plant, many can think, and whether it is possible to grow it at home? Despite the existence of many will take among different nations, that different types of ivy is not desirable to contain in indoor conditions, from a scientific point of view, the answer to the question posed will be positive.

it evergreen you can, and to a certain extent need to grow at home. The name of the species itself indicates the place of its landing. Room, that is home.

However, some residents of European countries prefer to plant ivy not around the house, but around it. Room ivy has a number of beneficial properties that have a beneficial effect on human health.

We will talk about this later, but now let's discuss some care rules behind this plant.

How to care for a plant?

Consider How to care for ivy at home? Home ivy care consists of several important steps:

  1. Choice of location. The location should not be too sunny, but not too shady. A golden mean is needed. Although indoor ivy is shade-loving, it still requires the sun to grow and grow well. At the same time, room ivy care should be protected from direct sunlight,
  2. Priming. Care should be taken of the soil for the plant. In this case, it is preferable to choose a light, but at the same time nutritious soil. Such soil can be purchased at a specialty store. If desired, independent production of nutrient soil is allowed. The process of making soil involves mixing in equal portions of sand, humus, peat and leaf earth. Before placing the mixture in the pot, put clayite on its bottom,
  3. Air humidity. Do not forget to take care of the air. Room ivy badly needs moist air. Therefore, the plant should be sprayed with water as often as possible in the summer when it is hot outside. In winter, spraying may be necessary if the indoor plant is in a very warm room,
  4. Temperature. And what about the temperature? Observing the humidity of the air, and monitor the temperature. The most acceptable temperature for indoor ivy is no more than 24 degrees. It is at this temperature that the plant is able to grow actively. This temperature is summer time. It will be useful during this period to carry indoor ivy into the fresh, outside air. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 13 degrees,
  5. Watering. Room ivy, like other plants, needs constant watering. The abundance and frequency of watering shrubs depends on what time of year outside the window. In summer, when the weather is hot, it is recommended to have plenty of water and water the bushes as often as possible. In winter, things are a little different. During the cold weather, ivy has a peculiar period of rest. Therefore, at this time, the abundance and frequency of watering should be reduced. It is important to observe the balance during the period of watering the plant. The earth should not remain dry, but at the same time be damp.
  6. Top dressing and pruning. Room ivy needs to be fed regularly. As a top dressing mineral or organic fertilizers can act. Feeding up ivy bushes is advised at least once every two weeks.

In addition to feeding it is important to prune. Moreover, both street and indoor plants need timely pruning. Pruning ivy allows him to return to its former form and, figuratively speaking, rejuvenate. The pruning procedure takes place before the growing season. By pruning can be understood:

  • pinching young stalks
  • cutting off old branches (in the case of houseplants, cut the branch from the root should be no more than half a meter),
  • removal of damaged or diseased shoots.

Timely pruning is vital for indoor ivy.

Plant propagation features

Now pay attention to how shrubs breed. Such a plant can multiply in two ways: using seeds and vegetatively. The first method is not popular for several reasons. The second is very much in demand. Therefore, we pay special attention to it.

Methods of vegetative propagation

Vegetative reproduction, in turn, has its own breeding options with its characteristic features:

  • We propagated by layering. In this method, the breeding process is carried out by making a longitudinal incision on the mother plant. Cutting the plant, it is necessary to press it to the surface of the soil. For this use brackets. After separation, you should wait for the appearance of roots on the layers. When the roots become apparent, the slips need to be transplanted into a separate pot. So begins the development of new indoor ivy,
  • Reproduction with shoots. Some indoor plant lovers prefer ivy breeding with shoots. For breeding a whole shoot is needed (there should be at least 8 leaves on the shoot). Along the escape is required to make a cut. After this escape must be pressed into the sand. Foxes should stay on the surface. In this position, the escape is about two weeks. Next, he must take root. Only then can it be cut into several pieces and planted in pots,
  • The third breeding method associated with cuttings. Cuttings are obtained by cutting the ends of the shoots. The cut ends must be planted on a special soil (the soil is a mixture of sand and hardwood). The cuttings are covered with a film. When the cutting is thoroughly rooted, it is ready for transplanting to a pot for adult indoor ivy.

There is another method of planting cuttings. During its use the preliminary soil is not required. The end of the shoot is simply placed in the water, and then the roots are expected to appear. Then transplanting to permanent soil occurs.

What can ivy hurt?

The room helera helis, which is in the home can be ill. Known for a variety of diseases of this plant. Here are some of them:

  • Red spider mite. A mite infects the skin of a plant stem, and then other areas of ivy,
  • Aphids. Aphids affect the plant in spring and summer. Aphid infestation leads to twisting and yellowing of ivy leaves,
  • Mealybug. Laying eggs in the indoor ivy, the worm slows down its growth.

Attention, only TODAY!

Indoor ivy: can I keep at home, omens. Growing ivy at home, photo

Perennial plants with decorative leaves are widely used not only in gardening, but also in indoor floriculture for vertical gardening and creating original compositions.

One of the brightest representatives is ivy. Spectacular plant with ternate leaves has an unpretentious temper and beautiful leaves.

However, besides this, it has not very good fame, which is interesting, precisely in our country.

It is human nature to associate events with him with the environment and objects that are part of it. It is much easier to write off the troubles that have happened to him to a third person, and better to an inanimate object. In particular, room ivy. Can I keep at home? Omens say no. Let's deal with the notoriety of the plant, as well as the characteristics of its cultivation.

Under the name "ivy" a genus of plants of the Araliaceae family, numbering 15 species, is combined. The Latin name Hedera for these plants C. Linnaeus borrowed from the Romans.

Ivy are creeping shrubs, which as they grow cling to the support (trees, walls, etc.). On the stems are dense leathery leaves angular-lobed shape.

Color - dark green, there are decorative forms with milky-white stripes.

The natural habitat is the countries of the northern hemisphere with mild climatic conditions, as well as Australia. In our country, ivy (see photo in the text) is mainly an indoor plant.

Common ivy species

  • Colchic ivy is an evergreen lianovid shrub with large (up to 25 cm in length) leathery leaves attached to the stalk, with suckers. The shape of the plate may be different, when rubbed, a characteristic musky odor appears. Climbs up to a height of 30 m. It grows quickly, but compared to ordinary ivy less frost-resistant. In natural conditions, it grows in Iran, Transcaucasia, Asia Minor.
  • Ordinary ivy (see photo below) is an evergreen liana, leathery leaves, medium in size (up to 10 cm in length), location is next. It grows slowly, shade-tolerant and thermophilic, demanding of soil fertility. It has a high decorative effect, in connection with which it has been used for a very long time in landscaping gardens as a ground cover and climbing plant. Many hybrid forms have been derived that differ in color and leaf shape. The photo shows a variety of Calico.
  • Canary ivy is an evergreen shrub, extremely popular as an indoor plant. Spectacular plant with variegated leaves does not tolerate frost, requires good lighting, heat and fertile soil.
  • Pastukhov's ivy is a rare evergreen vine growing in Eastern Transcaucasia and listed in the Red Book of Russia. It is widespread both in mountainous areas and in lowlands, it spreads along the ground and clings to tree trunks.

Signs and superstitions of various kinds were always present in our lives. Some believe in them, others do not, and still others listen. Quite a lot of superstition is associated with the plants in the house, and people often find it difficult to say where they came from. Most generally sound unreasonable.

For example, about the gift of a flower, which dried up after a couple of months, and therefore, was not presented from the heart. Absolutely untenable argument. Shop flowers often have weakened immunity and are difficult to tolerate a change of environment and microclimate.

Do not go unnoticed by fans and will take ivy room. Is it possible to keep at home (signs given in the text) this plant? It is possible, and most Europeans do just that. They have no need to plant it in indoor conditions, a beautiful plant twists the house outside, covering all the walls with a smooth carpet of greenery. But is this a significant difference ?!

The main superstition about ivy lies in his alleged ability to “drive out” men from the house, to survive them. Agree, the plant gives a very impressive force. The ancient Greeks also treated ivy in a special way, but from a positive point of view.

The plant was almost sacred, because according to legend, it was it that saved the life of the wine god Dionysus (Bacchus). Since then, his image has been adorned with not only a vine, but also winding ivy stems. The mythological properties of the plant, however, have real soil.

It is used along with rosemary in France to protect forests from wildfires.

Ivy is a curly evergreen shrub and, who would have thought, one of the symbols of Christmas. It is this spectacular plant that Europeans, especially the British, adorn temples and houses. It is interpreted as a symbol of eternity and resurrection, affection and love.

Ivy is used in conjunction with holly, the first is considered a symbol of the feminine (requiring support and protection), and the second - the male.

In practice, the plant is really striking for its unpretentiousness and ability to survive even in the homes of the most negligent growers.

Ivy builds up a very voluminous green mass, and therefore is considered one of the most effective air purifiers. Pretty good quality for city apartments.

These facts quite reasonably answer whether indoor ivy is harmful, whether it can be kept at home. Omens most often are far-fetched and absurd. Do not blindly trust them, and even more guided.

The choice of location, lighting and temperature

Indoor ivy is a unique plant. Choosing it for the house, you can fill even the darkest corner of the room with greenery. He is very shade tolerant. However, variegated forms need the sun to maintain a beautiful contrast on the leaves, best of all, if it is slightly muffled, avoid direct rays falling on the plant.

Ivy belongs to evergreen, heat-loving plants. The most comfortable temperature for it will be 22-25 ° С in the spring-summer period and cooler (15-18 ° С) - in the winter. You can take it out to the balcony or summer terrace.

Ivy soil

The plant prefers light but nutritious soil. You can buy ready-made soil in a specialty store or prepare it yourself. To do this in equal proportions mix sod and leaf earth, humus, peat and sand. At the bottom of the pot lay a drainage layer, such as expanded clay.

Transplantation of adult plants is carried out every two years, and young - annually. The most optimal time for the procedure is March-April. Pick pots 2-3 cm more than the previous one.

Watering and feeding

For active growth of ivy requires regular and abundant watering in the summer. But do not flood the plant. Low air temperature and excess moisture are a favorable environment for the development of fungal and bacterial diseases.

In winter, a mild rest period begins. At this time, the plant is watered less often, but the full drying of the substrate can not be allowed. Spraying and high humidity is what ivy prefers.

Leaves dry and fall off very often due to the very dry air. If possible, periodically put the plant under the shower, covering a clod of earth with waterproof material.

After such a procedure, it looks much more attractive and moves off to grow with new forces.

Fertilizing should be carried out every two weeks, from March to the end of August, alternating organic and mineral complex fertilizers.

Breeding methods

Ivy can be propagated by vegetative or seed method. And the first is the simplest and can be carried out in three ways.

First, the reproduction of the apical cuttings. Cut off the ends of the shoots with a length of 10 cm and immediately plant them in a wet mixture of sand and leafy ground, covering with a glass or plastic cap on top.

This creates greenhouse conditions, and it is important to maintain constant moisture in the soil. You can first put the cuttings into the water and wait for the roots to appear.

Then plant in a ready-made soil mixture.

Secondly, it is practiced by breeding shoots. From one segment of the stem you can get several plants. To do this, take an escape with 8-10 leaves and make a cut along it. Not too deep, it should be superficial.

On the prepared wet soil, the shoot is laid with a cut down and pressed into the soil 1.5-2 cm, leaving leaves on the surface. Within two weeks, the roots form along the entire length of the plant; a growing tip will be a sign of this.

Then the stem is taken out and cut into several parts, each is planted in a separate pot.

Well, the third vegetative method - reproduction by layering. The algorithm of action is the same as in the previous version, but with one amendment, the escape from the parent plant is not separated, and they are pressed to the ground with staples.

Trimming indoor ivy

Trimming and forming a bush require, as a rule, street specimens. Houseplants, if desired, can also be renewed and rejuvenated, giving the desired shape. The procedure is carried out in early spring, before the plant begins the phase of active vegetation.

First of all, remove diseased and damaged shoots, young can simply pinch in order to stimulate the development of lateral stems.

To rejuvenate the shrub, trim the old branches at a distance of 1 m from the root in outdoor conditions and half as much - in the indoor.

As a support for ivy, you can use a wall, specially stretched threads, but they must be strong (green mass is rather heavy), decorative trellis, etc.

Ivy at home

Plant ivy (lat. Hedera) The genus of the Araliaceae is a climbing evergreen shrub that reaches thirty meters in nature.

About fifteen species of ivy are known, growing in the subtropics of Europe, Asia, Africa and both Americas, mainly in shady rain forests.

The ivy flower is known to mankind from time immemorial: among the ancient Greeks, it was an emblem of fun and love, the plant of Bacchus itself - the poets at the celebrations and feasts wore ivy wreaths. Popular was evergreen ivy and as a medicinal plant.

Modern designers are actively using ivy in floristics, and in the design of rooms and gardens. In room culture, climbing ivy is also popular, as a beginner grower and even a child can handle the care of a plant.

The houseplant ivy is most often represented by a species of ivy (Hedera helix) with a climbing stalk and thick brushes of air roots on the underside of the stem, with which heather ivy is attached to its support. The leaves of this species are alternate, simple, shiny, leathery, lobed, dark green in color with lighter veins, but there are also variegated forms.

An ivy leaf can have from three to seven blades. Small, greenish-yellow flowers are collected in umbellate, corymbose or racemes, but you will not see them - ivy does not bloom at home, therefore you will not need to collect ivy seeds. Indoor ivy flower has more than a hundred forms, which differ in size, shape of leaves and their colors.

Ivy properties

Ivy has long been known to mankind for its healing properties used in traditional medicine. Ivy is used as a raw material for the manufacture of medicinal products and cosmetics. Scientists have proven that substances contained in the wood of a plant successfully relieve spasms, so wood preparations are used in the treatment of acute bronchitis.

And ivy leaves have antifungal, antitumor, antibacterial and expectorant properties. Softening gels of ivy leaves and wood are used as an additional agent in the treatment of purulent dermatoses, obesity and cellulite.

However, be careful, because poison ivy, or rather, its fruits, which children take for edible berries, cause poisoning.

Ivy - signs

OBS agency (one grandmother said) claims that indoor ivy flower is a muzhegon, an energy vampire, that it attracts loneliness and other misfortunes to the house, and if you don’t like this plant, you can convince yourself and others that you don’t want to keep ivy at home because you love the husband and you save the family.

But historical documents claim that in the ancient world - Greece and Rome - ivy just symbolized loyalty and happiness in marriage, and in the east it is still considered a source of vital energy. What signs to believe, choose for yourself.

From myself I will add that the care of home ivy is so simple, and its decorative qualities are so indisputably high that it would be foolish to refuse to grow ivy in an apartment.

In addition, ivy can be kept at home in a place where it will not be able to absorb your energy (if it does it at all) - for example, in the kitchen, where ivy will have to clean the air of carcinogens and other harmful impurities day and night.

Home ivy care

If you do not know how to care for ivy, listen to our recommendations. One of the main advantages of ivy is its shade tolerance, because it is a rather rare quality for plants. Homemade ivy can be placed in the back of the room, and it will feel great there.

This, unfortunately, does not apply to the variegated forms, which just need good lighting, otherwise their leaves become monotonously green.

Ivy is also undemanding for irrigation: it is easier for him to transfer dry soil than excess moisture in the roots, so for those who love or have to leave the house often, ivy is an ideal plant.

However, the plant still needs moisture, and if the bouts of your forgetfulness become too frequent, the brown edge will first appear on the edges of the leaves of the plant, and then they will begin to dry and fall off. Watering should be in the summer so that the soil always remains slightly wet. In winter, topsoil should dry out slightly.

Does not like ivy dry and hot air, the best temperature for the plant is 22-24 ºC.

In winter, ivy can normally feel in a cool room with a temperature not lower than 13 ºC, but the plants located near heating devices have leaves on the stems grow at large intervals, which makes it unattractive, so caring for ivy in such conditions provides not only timely watering , but also daily spraying of leaves with soft distilled water. When wintering a plant in a hot room, it is best to place ivy in a pot on a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay. If in the summer the room is too hot, spray the plant as often as possible, sometimes give him a shower, including for hygienic purposes.

From March to August, twice a month, ivy is fed with complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants, but keep in mind that an excess of fertilizer can lead to the loss of decorative qualities of ivy, because its leaves become too large.

Planting and transplanting ivy

Ivy is transplanted when the roots of a plant start to creep out of the pot or you notice that the plant has stopped developing.

You can, of course, not wait for these hints, just transplant young plants annually, those that are older, once every two years, and in adult ivy simply change the top layer of the substrate in the pot to fresh without transplanting. The soil for ivy is preferred such composition: humus, leaf, turf, peat land and sand in equal proportions.

Transplantation takes place after a period of rest, in March or April. The pot is chosen two to three centimeters larger in diameter than the previous one, and a thick layer of drainage material is placed into it.

Before transplanting, pour the plant abundantly in order to wet the whole earthen clod, then gently roll the plant with a clod in a new pot, add the required amount of soil, apply the soil surface, leaving a water groove under the walls of the pot. After transplantation, the plant should be watered and sprayed, and then put on a permanent place, protected from drafts and direct sunlight.

Reproduction ivy apical cuttings

Cut off the ends of the shoots about ten centimeters from ivy, plant them in a mixture of sand and hardwood, cover with a transparent cap on top - a plastic bag or a glass jar - and keep at a temperature of 15-20 ºC, maintaining the soil in a wet but not wet condition. The cuttings that had aerial roots before planting are best rooted. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into pots with a soil mixture for adult ivy in several pieces. Ivy cuttings root well in water.

Reproduction of ivy shoots

There is a way to grow several shoots from one. To do this, cut a whole shoot of ivy with eight to ten leaves, make a longitudinal incision along it, put the escape on the sand, cut it down and press it to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, leaving the leaves above the ground.

During germination, care must be taken to ensure that the soil is wet. Within two weeks, the roots should be formed along the entire length of the shoot, as evidenced by the growing tip of the shoot.

The shoot is removed from the sand, cut into segments with roots and at least one leaf, and planted three in one pot with a diameter of 7-9 cm.

Ivy propagation by layering

How to grow ivy from cuttings? In the same way as from the shoot, only in this case the shoot is not separated from the parent plant before the process begins and does not press it into the soil, but makes a longitudinal incision on it and press it to the soil surface with staples. Separating the layers, when the roots appear throughout the shoot, and transplanted into a separate pot.

Ivy pests and diseases

Ivy - a plant fairly resistant to disease. He has problems only if you chronically neglect the observance of the growing conditions of the plant.

So, with a lack of lighting, variegated ivy forms lose their variegation and become green, and chronically dry soil can be the cause of leaf fall, as too dry air in the room is the cause of bald stalks with sparse and shallow foliage.

Because of your oversight, ivy is affected by harmful insects - aphid, shield, cyclamen or spider mite. Usually they all appear on the plant, if the room humidity is too low.

You can fight these parasites by carefully spraying the plant with Actellica solution at the rate of 1-2 ml of the drug per liter of water. In addition to the aktellika, carbophos and aktar show good results in the fight against the above-mentioned pests.

If after the first spraying you could not achieve success, repeat the procedure in 3-4 days. If this is not enough, instead of spraying, rinse the whole foliage in the pelvis with the insecticide solution.

Common ivy (Hedera helix)

- flexible, creeping evergreen vine with alternate simple three-five-lobed leathery leaves of dark green color with a network of light green veins. It has a huge number of forms. The most interesting varieties:

  • - “Kholibra” - dwarf ivy with tiny three-bladed leaves with a whitish pattern,
  • - varieties "Eva" and "Mona Lisa" - ivy with almost yellow leaves,
  • - varieties "Jubilee", "Glacier" - ivy with spotty leaves,
  • - grade "Ivalace" - ivy with corrugated leaves,
  • - grade "Harald" - ivy with oval, almost round leaves.

Colchic ivy (Hedera colchica)

- also an evergreen climbing plant with thin shoots, large shiny leathery leaves of dark green color up to 25 cm long and up to 17 cm wide, sometimes three-lobed, but more often whole, smelling like nutmeg. Popular varieties:

  • - "Dentata Variegata" - a variety with oval-shaped leaves and pale yellow edges,
  • - “Sulfur Heart” - large leaves of this variety of light green color are slightly wrapped with edges downwards, and yellow-green stripes run along the veins,
  • - “Arborescens” - light green drooping shoots and oval leaves.

Canary ivy (Hedera canariensis)

- An evergreen climbing plant with dark green leaves up to 15 cm wide and up to 12 cm long with light green triangular veins. Used for interior decor, ampelnoe, ground cover and vertical gardening. It does not have aerial roots, so it needs a strong support and regular pruning. Grades:

  • - “Gloire de Marengo” - a large climbing plant with reddish stems and large shiny three-bladed leaves with whitish-green touches on the edges,
  • - “Striata” is a variety with light green or yellow spots in the middle of the leaves,
  • - “Golden Leaf” - two-colored green leaves cast gold in strong light,
  • “Brigitte,” a variety with small, thick, stellate leaves on graceful shoots, looks best in hanging structures.

Shepherd's Ivy (Hedera pastuchowii)

- also used for decorative gardening, but is found in culture, especially room, infrequently, and therefore listed in the Red Book of Dagestan and Russia.

Its leaves are whole, thin and leathery, up to 10 cm long. The upper part of the leaf plate is brighter, the lower part is lighter.

On the lower shoots, the leaves are round, heart-shaped, on the top - different: broadly ovate, lanceolate, rhombic and ovate-rhombic.

In addition to the described species, there are also Swedish ivy, English and Devil ivy in culture.

Ivy - home care

Ivy is a genus of climbing evergreen shrubs of the Araliae family, growing along the edges of the gloomy damp forests of Asia, Africa, Europe and both Americas.

Plants of this kind have long been used in traditional medicine: decoctions and infusions of ivy leaves have antifungal, antimicrobial and anti-cancer properties, and wood drugs help in the treatment of respiratory diseases.

Ivy is also known as a decorative culture: florists readily use it in their works, and amateur flower growers grow up a curly handsome man to decorate the interior.

Popular rumor attributes to ivy and magical abilities, and rumors about them are very contradictory.

It is said in our area that the seemingly innocent home flower “steals” the life force from its owner and destroys family happiness, while in the East ivy, on the contrary, is a symbol of energy and vigor, and in the language of flowers it means loyal friendship, love, loyalty and desire to please

The ancient Greeks revered the shrub as a plant of the god Dionysus himself, the patron saint of viticulture, winemaking, and unrestrained merriment — reckless revelers at lush feasts, poets and musicians flaunted in wreaths of ivy leaves.

What a legend to believe, decide for yourself, but it’s safe to say that the mysterious representative of the Araliavs is ideal for growing under indoor conditions: it’s beautiful, unpretentious and easy to get along with novice growers. Should I give it up because of silly prejudices?

Conditions of detention

It is not for nothing that phytodesigners appreciate indoor ivy for shade tolerance, because you can put a plant pot in any, even the darkest corner of the apartment.

The exception is the variegated forms of culture - the patterns on their leaves retain their brightness only under bright diffused lighting.

As for the ambient temperature, in spring and summer the handsome climbing man prefers moderate heat - from +22 to +24 ° C, and in winter he has a rest in coolness - at + 14 ... + 16 ° C.

In the warm season, a pot with a plant can be taken out into the garden and arranged in the shade of trees so that the ivy is protected from the scorching sun, sudden gusts of wind and precipitation. If you can’t arrange a cold wintering for your pet, move him to the northern room and place him away from working heating devices.

Read more Room fern - home care

Advice to superstitious flower growers: if you are still afraid that ivy will pierce a hole in your energy field, put it in the kitchen. The flower will be engaged in the purification of air from carcinogens, and he will not have time to absorb other people's vitality.

Basic care

Growing indoor ivy does not bother you:

  • Water the plant should be regular, but moderately, because ivy painlessly tolerates short-term thirst and can not tolerate stagnant moisture at the roots. In the summer, the soil in the pot should be slightly wet, and in the winter, it is advisable to supply water 2–3 days after the drying of the soil surface.
  • Ivy growing in a dry room is sprayed daily with boiled or distilled water at room temperature, otherwise its foliage will thin out and the plant will look bald. For the same reason, the pan under the pot during warm wintering is filled with wet expanded clay (pebbles).
  • From early spring to late summer, ivy is fed every 12–15 days with complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants. But without fanaticism! From an oversupply of nutrients, the carved leaves of the plant become larger and turn into ridiculous burdocks.

Twice a month, rinse the pet under a warm shower to wash away the accumulated dust from its luxurious “curls”.

Transplant features

Transplanting indoor ivy does not require adherence to a strict schedule. In this matter, you should focus on the state and appearance of the plant: if the green pet stopped developing or its roots began to bulge out of the drainage holes in the pot, it’s time to get to work. Transplanting is done after the flower has a good rest, that is, in March-April:

  • Prepare a soil mixture of turf and leaf soil, humus, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 1: 1). In order to disinfect, steam it up in a water bath or place it for 30–40 minutes in an oven warmed to 250 ° C.
  • At the bottom of the new pot, which should be 2–3 cm wider than the old capacity, lay a thick drainage layer of pebbles or expanded clay.
  • 2-3 hours before transplanting, pour a flower abundantly so that the earth ball is completely saturated with water. This procedure allows you to remove the plant from the pot without damaging the root system.
  • Pass the ivy in a new pot and fill the voids with a freshly prepared substrate.

After transplanting, pour ivy over, spray the leaves with a spray bottle and arrange the pet in a semi-shaded place, protected from drafts.

Read more Adenium - home care

Diseases and pests

Among the indoor plants are not so often such docile and hardy pets, like ivy. Beautiful playful gorgeous green and develops, not picky about minor mistakes in the care.

However, if you give the plant complete autonomy and do not pay enough attention to it, problems will not take long to wait: the lack of light leaves the variegated forms lose their elegant color and become monotonously green, the lack of moisture leads to loss of foliage, and excessive dryness of the air to the development of overly small, rarely growing leaf plates. Of course, all these incidents do not add attractiveness to ivy.

Read more Tsiperus - home care

In addition, with low ambient humidity and high temperature indicators, there is a high risk of a pet being affected by pests: aphids, scale insects, ticks (spider webs or cyclamen).

Against insect parasites, the plant is sprayed with solutions of insecto-acaricides (Karbofos, Aktellik, Aktara) and, if necessary, repeat the treatment after 3-4 days.

If there are a lot of pests, and the bush is voluminous, dilute any of the above preparations in a large amount of water and rinse the sprouts as linen.

Popular species and varieties

Of the 16 species of plants of the genus Ivy, the most interesting for flower growers are the following:

  • Ivy ordinary - evergreen liana with flexible creeping shoots. Simple, alternately arranged, dark green leaves are divided into 3-5 blades and covered with a cobweb pattern of light green veins. Popular varieties: Eva, Kholibra, Jubilee, Glacier, Mona Lisa, Harald, Ivalace.
  • Colchic ivy is a climbing evergreen shrub with graceful shoots. Leathery dark green leaves, whole or three-lobed, fragrant with nutmeg. The width of the sheet plate is 17 cm, length - up to 25 cm. Varieties: Sulfur Heart, Dentata Variegata, Arborescence.
  • Canarian ivy is a lush, evergreen handsome man, ideal for both room cultivation and outdoor cultivation as a ground cover or ampel plant. Dark green veined leaves reach a length of 12 cm and a width of 15 cm. Since it does not have adventitious roots, it needs a stable support and systematic pruning. Top grades: Brigitte, Golden Leaf, Striata, Gloire de Marengo.
  • Shepherd's ivy is a very rare endangered plant with thin leathery leaves about 10 cm long, whose shape varies from ovoid to rhombic. In nature, Pastukhov's ivy lives in the north of Iran and in Eastern Transcaucasia. Listed in the Red Book of Russia and the Red Book of the Republic of Dagestan.

Sometimes in descriptions of ornamental climbing crops, Devil's ivy (devil's ivy) is mentioned. With such an ominous name, the people rewarded the plant with a creeper - a semi-epiphypitic liana of the Aroid family, which is not ivy as such.

Gorgeous ivy and its species

Ivy or hedera in Latin is called Hedera helixwhich means "ivy curling." Homeland 15 species of plants belonging to the genus Heder, are considered subtropics of Europe, Africa and Asia.

In nature, these evergreen vines are accustomed to grow in the shade of tree crowns, which explains their ability to endure a lack of light.

Interesting feature Ivy can be called the fact that the plant can not bear the weight of its own leaves. That is why it is attached by roots to any nearby surface, for example, a wall. To avoid this, it is necessary to provide ivy support in the form of special sticks of bamboo or plastic.

Thanks to with good care ivy grows long shoots, they can be used for interior decoration. Entwined with flexible branches with leaves of beautiful shape, columns, arches or partitions create specialexquisite comfort in the house.

The following types of heders are most often grown in indoor floriculture:

  • Ivy ordinary (curly)
  • Canary ivy,
  • Fatshedera Liza ivy.

Ivy ordinary (curly) or Hedera helix - This is an unusually plastic plant that can attach to even the smallest irregularities and wraps around any support in its path.

There are such popular varieties of this plant as:

  • Annette with dark green leaves,
  • Chicago with small bright green leaves,
  • Chicago Variegata - the yellow-cream border frames the bright green leaves,
  • Little diamond with cream-colored leaflets.

Canary ivylatin name Hedera canariensis, Is a species with larger leaves, most often of variegated color, not capable of clinging to the support on its own and in need of tying.

Its grade is very popular Gloire de marengo with a combination of cream and green shades on the leaves

Fatshedera Liza ivywhose Latin name sounds like Fatshedera lizei, Is a new hybrid, very popular among flower growers, requiring tying and growing up to 5 meters in height. Very beautiful variety called Variegata with white spots or beige border.

Ivy care precautions

It is important to remember that ivy leaves are poisonous, can cause skin diseases in people with sensitive skin or allergies. Besides, extremely dangerous eat any parts of the plant for food.

Ivy should be placed in places that are not accessible to children and animals, and it is necessary to care for the plant with rubber gloves. At the age of 10 years, ivy can bloom. Florists recommend carefully removing ivy flowers and berries.

Location and lighting

In summer, ivy prefers air temperature from 18 to 20 ° C. The plant will be grateful if you expose it to fresh air. In the winter time should be monitored to temperature did not fall below 6 ° Cbut did not rise above 12 ° C.

Flower growers ivy is especially appreciated for his shade tolerance. The plant is able to grow in shade, partial shade or in bright light. It is advisable to avoid direct sunlight.

Note that varieties with variegated leaves need a little more light than their solid brothers.

Humidity and watering

Summer ivy will not give up from moderate watering to the soil all the time was wet. It should be watered on average twice a week. In winter, watering should be minimal - once a week during warm wintering and even less often if the temperature in the room is the minimum allowed.

Ivy is very resistant to drafts and temperature extremes, but may die due to stagnant water in the soil or drought.

Ivy will not give up spraying, because it requires high humidity. Moisturize it need soft water room temperature. It does not hurt to occasionally arrange a warm ivy shower.

Proper care of geraniums at home will give you positive emotions from luxurious flowering.

How easy it is to grow a marsh plant of the aroid family at home, read here.

And recommendations home care professionals areca at home: http://sad-doma.net/houseplants/decorative-leaf/palmy/ekzoticheskaya-areka.html

To improve the appearance of dusty ivy, you can wipe its leaves with a damp cloth, as well as no more than once a month. apply polish for plants.

Transplanting and feeding

For ivy is best to use loose and light soil. Experienced growers can make up the next mixture:

  • 2 pieces of leafy ground
  • 2 pieces of turf land,
  • 1 part of sand.

The capacity for ivy should be wide, not deep. It is necessary to transplant a plant every spring, and young fast-growing ivy - twice a year.

Older plants will be sufficient to replace the top layer of soil. Also, if the roots sprouted through the drainage hole, it's time to repot ivy.

A special role in the prosperity of ivy good drainage plays - at the bottom of the pot there should be a layer of expanded clay 2–3 cm high. It is important not to forget to make large drainage holes in the pot.

However, ivy can feel great when growing using hydroponics.

Problems and pests

Ivy, like all indoor plants, suffers from improper care. Also pests can attack it.

Frequent ivy problems:

  • Yellow leaves - cold and excessive watering, excess fertilizer.
  • Leaves variegated ivy faded - too little light.
  • Brown tips of leaves - dry air, heat or poor watering.
  • Leaves shrink - too little light.
  • Ivy grows slowly - old soil or lack of fertilizer.
  • Plant loses lower leaves - a natural process. You can rejuvenate the plants, rooting its shoots.
  • Rare leaves grow - too little light.

If you want to know the history of ivy, what types and how the hedera blooms, how to properly care for and reproduce at home is an extraordinary plant, see the video below:

As you can see, it is not so difficult to care for indoor ivy - symbol of loyalty, immortality and eternal life. It is necessary to choose a good place for the plant, occasionally spray it and do not forget to water it - and it will give you lush cascades of bright green, able to revive and decorate any room.

Features care Canary ivy at home

Among the large number of indoor plants one of the most popular is the evergreen vine with the unusual name Canary ivy.

Homeland ivy are subtropical areas of most continents, but with proper care, the plant will feel great in the indoor environment.

Room canary ivy (Hedera canariensis) is a large-leaved evergreen vine, which differs from its “older brother” of ordinary ivy by brown young shoots and leaves, which are mostly whole. The length of an adult leaf plate can reach 12 centimeters, and during rubbing a heady nutmeg aroma is felt.

Ivy creepers are very common indoor plants, but their attractive appearance is the result of careful care of them.

Growing conditions

Ivy is a relatively unpretentious plant, but if you do not follow certain rules, the indoor vine will look sloppy, and young shoots can often hurt.

One of the most important factors for the favorable growth of ivy is the humidity of the room.

Air humidity

The house liana perfectly grows at high humidity. In spring and summer, it is worth spraying the leaves with clean water every day, and in winter, spraying can be reduced to 1 time per week depending on the air temperature. If in summer you need to leave a flower for a couple of days, you need to lay wet pebbles under the pot. In such conditions, ivy can do without additional watering. At low humidity, the tips of the leaves will dry.

Canary ivy is a light-loving culture, but in order to maintain the saturation of the color of the leaves, you should avoid direct sunlight. Support for creepers should be placed in a spacious bright place. With a lack of light, the shoots are irregular in shape and size, and the stems are bent.

Peat mix or clay soil is ideal as a filler for a pot, which can be purchased at any nearby agricultural store. You can also use a peat pot as the first “home” for ivy.

If a houseplant grows well, then the owner is properly caring for his flower. Liana does not require special care, however, subject to simple rules, indoor ivy will grow faster and more abundantly.

Canary ivy loves moisture, but if you overdo it, bright green leaves may lose their color. Watering is 2-3 times a week in the warm season and once a week - in the cold.

Watering is carried out with clean water at room temperature, so as not to injure the root system. For the scarce daily spraying in the heat of the plant will be very grateful. If the shoots of the vines have turned yellow in winter, it is worth reducing the number of waterings.

Ivy does not need constant additional feeding, but during the growth period it is possible to help the vine grow with the help of fertilizers for house plants. It is necessary to carry out such feeding no more than once every 3 weeks, taking into account the rules of breeding and proportions specified by the manufacturer.

An important role in the care of Canary ivy at home is played by proper and timely pruning. Ivy must be constantly cut, forming its appearance.

If you regularly do not follow its growth and development, the vines will look carelessly, and the shoots will “scatter” in different directions.

Conditions required for the cultivation of Canary ivy

Illumination: full sun light, with the exception of the midday sun, so that the leaves retain a bright color.

Temperature: in the winter - not below 7 ° С, in the summer it is better to keep the plant at a temperature of 16-18 ° С. At higher temperatures, increase the humidity.

Watering: water the plant 2 times a week in summer and once a week in winter. Allow the soil to dry between waterings.

Air humidity: The plant develops well in high humidity. In the summer or in a room with central heating, spray the plant daily, in winter, at a temperature close to the minimum, it is enough to spray it once a week. Put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles or expanded clay.

Top dressing: in the growing season, in spring and summer, feed ivy once every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer for houseplants, diluted to the concentration recommended by the manufacturer.

The soil: clay or peat mixture.

Ivy transplant: a young plant develops very quickly, so it must be transplanted 2 times a year. An adult plant (from 2 years and older) repot every spring. When ivy becomes too large for transplanting, change only the top layer of soil (5-7 cm) annually.

Care of appearance: Spray the plant regularly, if it is dusty, wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. Leaf polish can be used no more than once a month.

Canary ivy. Care features

Breeding. Prepare a small pot and place it next to the plant. Choose a strong stalk and make a long cut on its underside. Cut the narrow strip of the stem right under the leaf. Put the cut stem in a new pot on the surface of the soil and press it with a peg.

The roots will grow from the cut, and when they become visible, and at the top of the shoot there will be signs of growth, cut the stem with a knife to separate the plants.

What is this plant?

Under the name "ivy" a genus of plants of the Araliaceae family, numbering 15 species, is combined. The Latin name Hedera for these plants C. Linnaeus borrowed from the Romans. Ivy are creeping shrubs, which as they grow cling to the support (trees, walls, etc.). On the stems are dense leathery leaves angular-lobed shape. Color - dark green, there are decorative forms with milky-white stripes.

The natural habitat is the countries of the northern hemisphere with mild climatic conditions, as well as Australia. In our country, ivy (see photo in the text) is mainly an indoor plant.

Room ivy: can I keep at home? Signs

Signs and superstitions of various kinds were always present in our lives. Some believe in them, others do not, and still others listen. Quite a lot of superstition is associated with the plants in the house, and people often find it difficult to say where they came from. Most generally sound unreasonable. For example, about the gift of a flower, which dried up after a couple of months, and therefore, was not presented from the heart. Absolutely untenable argument. Shop flowers often have weakened immunity and are difficult to tolerate a change of environment and microclimate.

Do not go unnoticed by fans and will take ivy room. Is it possible to keep at home (signs given in the text) this plant? It is possible, and most Europeans do just that. They have no need to plant it in indoor conditions, a beautiful plant twists the house outside, covering all the walls with a smooth carpet of greenery. But is this a significant difference ?!

The main superstition about ivy lies in his alleged ability to “drive out” men from the house, to survive them. Agree, the plant gives a very impressive force. The ancient Greeks also treated ivy in a special way, but from a positive point of view. The plant was almost sacred, because according to legend, it was it that saved the life of the wine god Dionysus (Bacchus). Since then, his image has been adorned with not only a vine, but also winding ivy stems. The mythological properties of the plant, however, have real soil. It is used along with rosemary in France to protect forests from wildfires.

Ivy is a curly evergreen shrub and, who would have thought, one of the symbols of Christmas. It is this spectacular plant that Europeans, especially the British, adorn temples and houses. It is interpreted as a symbol of eternity and resurrection, affection and love. Ivy is used in conjunction with holly, the first is considered a symbol of the feminine (requiring support and protection), and the second - the male. In practice, the plant is really striking for its unpretentiousness and ability to survive even in the homes of the most negligent growers.

Ivy builds up a very voluminous green mass, and therefore is considered one of the most effective air purifiers. Pretty good quality for city apartments.

These facts quite reasonably answer whether indoor ivy is harmful, whether it can be kept at home. Omens most often are far-fetched and absurd. Do not blindly trust them, and even more guided.

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