Coniferous trees have long been famous for their healing and decorative properties. The most popular representatives of this family are evergreen pines, which number 120 species. Places of their growth in areas with a temperate climate are plains, and with tropical - mountain valleys. Pines have healing properties and serve as a worthy decoration of any landscape. Bright juicy greens and elegant fluffy branches delight the eye. They do not cease to admire all year round.
Mountain Pine, description
This conifer is a very beautiful and useful plant. Currently, gardeners are passionate about this culture. It is increasingly planted in the backyard. The most popular species is mountain pine. This type of coniferous plant has a variety of shapes and sizes. Grows fluffy bush or small tree. And it may be a cover plant form. Characteristic signs of mountain pine are:
- Dark brown scales that cover the upper part of the trunk.
- Short, twisted, hard needles.
Cones of the small sizes have short legs and are painted in a gray-brown shade. This pine blossoms and bears fruit from the age of ten.
Mountain pine, the photo of which you see, has several advantages:
- It is very branched and compact. This is important when planning landings on the site.
- It tolerates low temperatures and drought.
- Grows on any soil.
- Not subject to disease.
- Tolerant to air pollution and soil compaction.
- Does not suffer from heavy and frequent snowfall.
The disadvantages include slow growth. Due to its excellent decorative properties, it is used for landscape design.
Planting in the fall
Planting mountain pine is carried out in the fall. The most favorable time is considered to be September, the middle of the month. If you plant a sapling later, he will not have time to settle down. For the period of winter cold, young saplings should be covered with burlap or other suitable material. This will save it from frost, and later - from sunburn. When the middle of April comes, the shelter must be removed.
Light-loving plant is a mountain pine. Planting and care are carried out in areas filled with the sun. In the shade the tree will grow badly. It prefers light soils. If the earth is not friable, you need to make a drainage to a depth of twenty centimeters. To do this, sand, broken brick or expanded clay. It would be nice to fertilize the soil with compost fertilizer: 100-150 g per one seat. If possible, use for planting a mixture of earth, humus, sand and peat. It is important to remember one feature of this tree - the roots that are not covered with earth die very quickly.
Planting pine seedlings in the fall is carried out in pits 60 cm deep, one meter in diameter or more, depending on size. The root neck is not buried, but must be flush with the ground. After planting, abundant watering and soil mulching with sawdust, wood chips or peat is needed. Remember, trees of 4-5 years of age have the best survival rate. If it is planned to plant several coniferous trees on the site, a certain distance between them should be kept. For this kind of two meters is enough.
This evergreen conifer grows in Asia and Europe. Can reach forty-meter height. The crown of young trees has a pyramidal shape, while in the old it is loose. The pine is distinguished by a straight trunk and reddish bark. Planting pine in the fall is carried out in clay, peat or sandy soil. To them she is unpretentious. Can grow from a seed. It is enough to collect the cones in the winter and process them with a special solution against fungal diseases.
Grow ordinary pine easy. The main thing is that when planting the roots are not exposed, they should be lump of earth. Otherwise, the seedlings will not take root and die. The advantage of this type is rapid growth, and the disadvantage is the intolerance to gas pollution and air smoke. That is why the forest beauty does not decorate the city streets.
How to care?
The unpretentious conifer is the pine. Planting and maintenance are carried out during the first two years. During this period, you need to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers. In subsequent years, there is no need for this. A lot of pine needles always fall from the tree. It does not need to clean up. A thick litter is formed from the twigs, in which organic matter gradually accumulates. By eating them, the tree will grow normally.
It tolerates drought well and does not need watering of pine. Planting and maintenance are carried out as needed. Moisturize need saplings and young trees. Stagnant water tolerates poorly. This type of coniferous trees is resistant to winter cold. It is necessary to cover only young pine trees. This is suitable lapnik or burlap.
The conifer of this species looks amazingly beautiful in individual plantings. For the formation of a beautiful crown make a careful pruning and pinch the tops of the twigs. A single tree does not require a large area, but it will not tolerate inconvenience due to the planting of a number of large plants of another species. Pine is used as a supplement to create a hedge.
Historical information about the fruits of cedar pine
Thousands of years ago, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean countries were the first to appreciate the beneficial properties of the pine nut. Even in ancient times, the large white seeds of the Romans used to make wine. The ancient people realized that to quench their thirst, to get rid of heartburn, to overcome male weakness, one should eat the fruits of the cedar tree.
Soon the fame of the wonderful healing properties of the nut spread throughout the world. During the reign of Peter the Great, Russia traded them profitably with Sweden, Persia, and France. In nature, there are 28 species of this tree with similar edible seeds. But despite this, it was the pine nuts from Russia that were of particular value, which are still the main treasure of the Siberian taiga.
Cedar Pine, description
The life of this conifer is measured in centuries. Individual specimens grow to 850 years, although the average age is 5-6 centuries. Pine cedar is called Siberian cedar. In nature, it grows in the forest zone and occupies vast territories. They are called pine forests. Sanatoriums are often built in these places.
Cedar pine belongs to large-sized conifer species. Planting and care is time consuming. But all costs are compensated when the tree grows and gives a bountiful harvest of healthy tasty nuts. The height of an adult pine can reach 35 meters, and the diameter of the trunk - two. The dense crown of young trees has a conical shape, and in adults - ovoid. The trunk is covered with cracked gray-brown bark, and the young shoots are covered with reddish fuzz. Long and soft triangular needles collected in five pieces in bunches. After 4-6 years, the old needles fall off, new ones appear in their place. The cones are light brown in color, large, and there are many pine nuts in their cells, which are the main treasure.
The pine, the photo of which you see, is growing slowly. For a year, he adds 25-30 cm in height. For example: a twenty-year-old tree reaches a height of 2.5 meters. In their natural environment, cedar bears fruit from 40-70 years of age, and in gardens with good care - from 15-20.
Cedar pine planting
This tree is capricious, demanding on the composition of the soil. Although in the natural environment grows in different conditions. It can be sands, marshes and rocky slopes. Planting cedar pine on the site requires preparation. The fact is that large cedars do not tolerate any interventions in the process of their growth. During a transplant, they experience stress: after all, they will have to get used to a different climate and different growing conditions. Planting pine in the fall is carried out in pre-dug deep holes, taking into account the size of the roots of large trees. Cedar pine bark is very thin. In order not to damage it accidentally, you need to carefully and carefully treat the transportation of wood.
When planting, be aware that the pine is pollinated by the wind. Therefore, at a distance of eight meters from each other, you need to plant a few trees, otherwise the harvest should not wait. It is desirable to immediately determine the plant at a permanent place of growth. At first, systematic irrigation and fertilizing is carried out. So the seedlings will get stronger faster. Planted trees should have dark green needles and grow by 10 cm in the first year. Pine-tree planting in the fall is carried out by 2-3 summer saplings. In the first years of pruning can not hold. It is enough to break off several lateral buds on the central shoot.
The benefits of pine nuts
The fruits of the Siberian pine have a huge range of healing properties and have great nutritional value. They are rich in balanced proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements. Pine nuts are eaten, widely used in cooking in different countries. They are the raw material for obtaining valuable nutritious oil.
For a long time, pine nuts have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of stomach, gastritis and pancreatitis. Cake in the ground form is contained in food vitamin supplements. Even walnut shells have valuable qualities: they are used for preparing anti-inflammatory and analgesic tinctures. They help get rid of rheumatism, arthritis and osteochondrosis. Eczema, lichen and other skin diseases are successfully treated with wrapping and lotions from the decoction of the same shell. Seeds of Siberian pine cones cope with avitaminosis, weight loss, contribute to the restoration of strength and increase immunity.
Pine from the forest: how to plant it?
Planting of pine in the fall from the forest is carried out healthy, unaffected by seedlings. The end of September or the beginning of October is the most suitable time for this. The sequence is as follows:
- Deep pits are dug. If you plan to plant several trees, the distance between them should be four meters.
- In the forest, the sunlit edge or the edge of the forest is chosen. If you take a tree from a darkened place, it will be weak and is unlikely to take root in the new place.
- Should be taken 1-2-year-old pine 40-70 cm tall.
- Be sure to remember or something to mark the landmarks of the tree relative to the cardinal points. On your site plant a pine in the same way.
- Next, dig a plant without damaging the roots, then remove from the hole. This should be done carefully so that the clod of earth does not crumble, and the roots are not bare.
- The excavated tree is placed in a bag and placed in bulk containers for transportation.
- A bucket is taken from the forest or more land from under the pine. It contains fungi in which the root system of an excavated tree has developed.
- If the roots dry out during shipment, they should be moistened.
- Before planting, the bottom of a dug hole is covered with forest soil. Mineral fertilizers are added to it and a bucket of water is poured.
- Planting of pine in the fall is carried out by sapling, which is placed in the hole, sprinkled first with forest land, and then with ordinary soil.
- After that, the ground around the trunk is slightly compacted and the plant is once again well watered.
- Direct sunlight can damage the seedlings. Therefore, they cover the sacking.
Planting pines in the fall from the forest is troublesome, but it's worth it. After all, your garden will be decorated with a little forest beauty.
How to plant pine - a simple instruction for gardeners, with photo examples, and secrets
Most likely, any summer resident or the owner of the suburban area was thinking about planting trees. Someone wants to settle a “neighbor” next to a lonely house, someone wants to smooth out a dull landscape, and someone needs to add a designer zest to their garden.
There can be a huge amount of reasons, but how to implement the practical part, the matter is completely different. The variety of trees is huge.
The plus of such a tree as pine is that it grows fast enough and pleases the eye with its green fronds all year round. In addition to this, pines, as well as all conifers, emit phytoncides, which have a positive effect on the human body and produce an excellent aroma.
Many are interested in the question: “Is it possible to plant a pine at home, and is it not dangerous?” To plant, of course, any tree can be, but each tree has its own rules and reservations.
Pine can not be planted close to buildings, as pine roots can enter into a "confrontation" with the foundation.
As well as pines grow huge sizes, which can lead to falling into the tree lightning.
When to plant
Planting seedlings absolutely any trees or shrubs in spring or autumn. There is also a landing technology in the winter in a dormant period, but it requires special equipment. It is better not to transplant in the period of active growth.
During this period, it will take a lot of water, and the lack of moisture to the roots has a detrimental effect on the plant. In the pines, this period continues until lignification of the shoots. When it is better to plant a pine tree, it is in the middle of spring.
In summer, the tree will gain strength, take root in a new place and will be ready for the onset of winter. How to plant a pine tree in the fall? Better to do it in early fall. Trees begin to prepare for the "wintering" and slow down the vital processes. This will make it easier to survive the transplant.
If you did not have time to plant in spring or autumn, then you can do it in winter, but you will need to cover the seedling with a heat-saving material. You can remove the coating after the last snow disappeared.
Where to get a sapling
There are three ways to produce a seedling: grow seeds, buy in any forest nursery, dig in the forest or in any other area of wildlife. Growing seeds is work, of course, fascinating, but time consuming. Have to wait from two to three years.
If there is a nursery nearby, it is best to take a sapling there. First, you get a sapling of the required age. Secondly, they will give you the necessary advice. It would seem that the easiest option is to dig in the forest, because this method requires minimal costs.
On the other hand, you need to choose the right sapling. It is better to dig a seedling that will die in nature due to the environment. Also, the tree must be very carefully dig along with a lump in order not to damage the roots of the tree.
Where better to plant
Pines - sun-loving plants. However, they need a shaded area for growth. Pines do not grow in a bare field, but they are given a shade by a number of growing plants. Pines grow well on soft soils. If the soil is solid, it is better to use drainage.
Under natural circumstances, pines grow on any soil, in virtually any environment. The main part of the root system is located in the upper layers of the earth.
Before buying or digging a seedling, it is worthwhile to pre-dig a hole in order to plant a tree immediately.
The pit should be the size of a clod around the roots. For seedlings up to 70 cm, the hole will be about 60 × 60 cm, from 70 cm - about 80 × 80 cm.
It is better if the pit is in the shape of a pyramid or a cone.
Having delivered the sapling to the planting pit, the question will arise: “How to plant a pine tree?”. Everything is very simple. Fill the pit with half a bucket of water, then drop a ball into the hole. If necessary, trim the hole to the size of a coma.
Be careful with the root neck. The place where the trunk diverges to the roots must be above ground level, otherwise the tree will die. After planting is worth mulching sapling. And finally pour it. Watering is better from a watering can, so as not to blur the ground.
If you have plans to grow more than one pine tree, plant them four meters apart so that in the future they do not interfere with the "neighbors" growing.
Leaving Special care tree does not require. The main thing is to mulch the soil in the near-stem circle, remove high weeds, water in dry time and cut off diseased branches.
Pines grow to enormous size, and will always delight the eye with an evergreen robe.
Pumilio mountain pine: planting and care, features of growing and reproduction:
Country plot is a place of rest, relaxation. Therefore, everything should be perfect here, including the environment. It's about landscape design and green areas.
It is very important to properly perform the landing and care. Pumilio mountain pine is a great option for summer cottages in any territory.
This unpretentious, evergreen dwarf plant diversifies your environment, will create an original style.
Thanks to the various shapes, colors and geometry of coniferous trees, with the help of these plants you can create individual attractive compositions.
This dwarf pine perfectly combines with various deciduous and coniferous trees.
Therefore, many gardeners are interested in the proper planting and care of the mountain pine Pumilio.
Description of mountain pine
Dwarf conifers are quite popular today. They are often used in the creation of landscape design of the suburban areas of the country.
Homeland of this plant are the central and southern European mountain slopes. Dwarf pine differs from other conifers in the high density of the bush with strong branching.
The size of the plant is quite compact.
Landing and maintenance information is very important to gardeners. Mountain pine Pumilio deserves attention. This plant adorns the garden not only in summer but also in winter.
Dwarf conifer has a dark green color. Needles needle-shaped, short, 4 cm long. Plant height reaches 1.5 meters. The crown of pine prostrate, dense.
Branching plants at the ground can reach a diameter of several meters. This type of coniferous trees belongs to slow-growing. After all, the height of a 30-year-old tree reaches 1 meter in height and 2 m in diameter.
The annual growth of the plant is 5 cm wide and 12 in height. Therefore, this plant is actively used in landscape design for the purpose of gardening and arrangement of hedges.
They are ideal background plants for floral and leafy compositions.
The cones of this conifer have a dark brown conical shape. In diameter, they range from 1 to 5 cm. Most often the fruits appear in plants that have reached the age of 6 years. The shoots of the Pumilio pine grow straight up, forming an attractive crown dome.
Features of Pumilio Pine
Planting and caring for the mountain pine Pumilio requires basic knowledge of conifers. In this case, the ephedra will thank the owner with a chic green crown.
So, the plant must be on the sunny side of your site, because it belongs to the sun.
Irregular watering does not harm the plant, as it can survive in arid regions.
Pumilio belongs to the frost-resistant plants, which are not afraid of strong frosts.
The advantages of the mountain pine Pumilio - planting and care. It is easy, there are almost no requirements.
It is better to plant a sapling on unconsolidated acidic or alkaline soils. If the soil is healthy, then the plant will quickly take root.
If your backyard has heavy soil, you can add peat or sand to it.
Mountain pine in landscape design
Mountain pine Pumilio is indispensable when designing gardens of stone, alpine slides. This plant fits perfectly into the classic landscape style.
In addition to suburban areas, the dwarf pine tree is well acclimatized in the central parks of large cities. Some species of conifers are used to decorate public and administrative buildings. Often they are planted in pots on the street.
This coniferous plant is used for decoration of hedges and borders, high multi-tiered compositions. They are often planted in hedges of various origins.
Dwarf hvoyniki often used for decorating the barbecue area or terrace. Extensive use requires knowledge of planting and care.
Mountain pine Mugo Pumilio not only visually changes the surrounding area, but also closes the rest area from prying eyes.
Dwarf pine is combined with almost everything. This tree, unlike other conifers, has no effect on neighboring plants.
An excellent combination for this dwarf tree are various shrubs with large flowers and cereals.
It looks attractive on the background of huge boulders and alpine slides.
Many designers use an interesting combination of pine with low maple saplings and heather gardens.
In this case, it is necessary to properly organize the soil for the plants, because they require different acidity of the soil. Therefore, you should know the features of each plant, its planting and care.
The mountain pine Pumilio with the right combination will always please the eye, not only of the owners of the country house, but also of the visitors.
Do you live in regions with heavy precipitation in winter? Then immediately purchase such conifers. They will be the best decorations of the winter garden. Due to good elasticity and strength, the branches of dwarf pine will not break under the weight of a large layer of snow.
Many designers love mountain pine Mugo Pumilio. Planting it can be carried out not only in open ground, but also in pots. This decoration allows you to originally arrange loggias, roofs, entrances to buildings.
Mountain pine is also an indispensable plant in steep areas. Thanks to an extensive root system, the plant is well kept on mountain steep slopes, loose soil or the banks of water bodies. Such a pine prevents landslides.
Planting and care of the mountain pine Pumilio simple. The main thing is to follow the basic rules described below.
Planting pine Pumilio
Want to plant on your site mountain pine Pumilio? Peculiarities of cultivation - this is what you should pay attention to. Therefore, this plant can not be planted in dark places.
For landing it is better to choose a bright, sunny territory. The quality of the land for this plant practically does not play any role. Pine is actively growing, even on nutrient-poor land.
Dwarf pine tree survives well in urban pollution.
Do you want a pine tree to quickly take root in a new place? Then pay attention to the conditions of the previous cultivation. The main task of each gardener is to repeat them as much as possible.
Conifers should be replanted in the middle of spring or early fall. In winter, only large, adult plants with a well-developed root system are transplanted. The ideal age of transplanting young seedlings is 3-5 years.
For landing should prepare a large pit. It should be twice the root system of the plant.
Drainage should be laid at the bottom: gravel or broken brick, over which coarse sand is poured.
If you want to build a hedge, a drainage layer must be laid along the entire length of a previously prepared trench.
If conifers are planted in a row, then a distance of several meters should be left between the seedlings.
During the transplantation of Pumilio pine, you should monitor the stem neck of the seedling. It must be level with the ground. It can not be deepened or raised.
Before planting a tree, it is advisable to sour the soil acid. Slaked lime is added to the landing pit.
Transplanted plants should be carefully watered with water and compact the ground around.
In early spring, when the soil is still frozen, the pine should be watered and sprayed with warm water. So the plant will quickly wake up after sleep and will again begin to actively grow branches.
After leaving it consists in periodic moderate watering of the soil as necessary. Used in landscape design mountain pine Pumilio experts recommend watering 3 times per season.
Under one tree, you need to pour about 2 buckets of water.
Fertilizers should be applied to the soil in the first few years after planting. To do this, use a special mixture of fertilizers, designed specifically for coniferous plants.
In the autumn should prepare a young pine. It is protected by spruce paws or sawdust to prevent burns. Some gardeners cover the plant for the winter with non-woven material or spruce branches. This cover is removed in April, when all the snow is completely gone.
At the end of winter, pruning is carried out, removing dried twigs.
Plant propagation occurs in three ways: by grafting, seed and grafting. Rarely propagate the plant seeds. This method does not guarantee the preservation of varietal qualities of the parent plant. Seeds are planted in the spring in the prepared, fertilized and loosened soil in pots.
Cuttings harvested in the spring. To do this, use healthy adult trees. If you wish to multiply the pine in winter, the cuttings can be prepared at a negative temperature. But in this case, they must be stored at home.
For watering the blanks, you should use water with a growth stimulator dissolved in it. In this case, the water should be at room temperature.
As already known, with this plant, everything is simple: and use, and planting, and care.
Mountain pine is extremely popular, because for a long time it pleases the eye, while requiring a minimum of care.
In addition, Pumilio pine is resistant to various diseases, which cannot be said about other conifers.
The only problem is a fungal disease. Schutte's disease is characterized by blackening of the branches and quick drying of the needles. To cope with this scourge is easy - you should treat the plant with a fungicide.
But if this disease appeared in a plant in the first 3 years of its life, the sapling most likely will die. Therefore, you should purchase seedlings from proven gardening partnerships.
Dwarf Pumilio pine - an excellent ornamental plant, which is actively used in landscape design.
They love him for his beauty and grace, minimal care and bright color.
Having worked to create a unique project with dwarf pines, you can get a unique beautiful result that you can admire for many years.
How to plant a pine on your site
Probably, any owner of a summer house, a country house and a plot of land thought about planting trees.
Someone wants to smooth the view of a sad bare field and neighboring houses (well, if houses, not eternal construction projects or collapsed sheds), someone wants to tick the list “build a house, grow a son, plant a tree”, someone is looking balance in the design of the environment. There are many reasons, you can choose any for yourself, and we will tell you how to do the practical part of the case.
The selection of trees is also great. The advantage of pines is that they are evergreen and grow quite quickly. In addition, pines, like other coniferous trees, emit phytoncides that purify the air from bacteria and fungi, have a positive effect on the human body and distribute a wonderful aroma.
In this article we will give general recommendations on the transplanting of pines and demonstrate the practical part by example.
Morning in a pine forest
Choosing a landing site
Pines love sunny areas, but young trees should be pruneed for the first time - in natural conditions, trees do not grow from scratch, they are accompanied by shade.
Best of all pines grow on light soils - sandy and sandy. If the soil is heavy (loamy and clayey), additional drainage should be provided. To do this, a 20-cm layer of sand or expanded clay is added to the landing pit (finely broken brick or gravel can be added).
In nature, pine grows in a variety of soil and hydrological conditions, actively adapting to them.
The root system can have a deeply penetrating and well-developed taproot if the groundwater lies deep or can be superficial.
However, the bulk of the roots in any case is located in the upper soil layer, at a depth of 50-60 cm.
We decided to plant a pine in a distant unused corner of the plot.
There our site passes into a rather high hill - we have close groundwater, and the hill provides some margin for root growth, perhaps this is an extra reinsurance, but we would not want the pine to die in a couple of years from root decay.
Apple-wilds growing around will play the role of nursery trees - protect the seedling from the scorching sun. When the pine gets stronger and grows, it will outgrow the surrounding trees and bushes and will receive a lot of sunlight.
Choosing a place to land
Landing pit preparation
If you are going to transplant a pine tree dug in the forest or in other “wild conditions”, then first of all you should prepare a planting pit in order to immediately plant the brought seedling.
The landing pit should correspond approximately to the size and shape of a clod of earth with which the tree will be transplanted. The more this lump will be, the less damage will be received by the root system.
Calculate your strengths - what size you can dig and deliver to the landing site. For seedlings up to 70 cm in height, a pit (and coma) size of at least 60 × 60 cm, height of more than 70 cm is recommended - at least 80 × 80 cm.
The form is a pyramid or a cone (it is unlikely that you will be able to dig a lump of another form).
We dig a landing hole
As already mentioned, additional drainage is required on heavy soils. Taking into account the drainage, we made a landing pit a little deeper and poured about 30 cm of sand mixed with the ground extracted from the pit to the bottom.
Fall asleep drainage layer
Pure sand (taken in a pine forest) we diluted with fertile soil, which will serve as fertilizer for our pine.
For the same reason, we did not add mineral or organic fertilizers to the pit, the land here was good black soil, and the place for planting pine was virgin, so there was enough mineral matter for the pine and so on.
If you wish to fertilize, use mature compost or buy special fertilizer for conifers.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Choosing a young tree for transplanting, check it for brittleness. If the needles are yellowed and the tips of the branches break easily, the tree may be damaged and start to die.
The dead tree retains its “commodity” look for quite a long time, remember the New Year trees, the needles from which are not showered, even though the tree has absolutely no roots.
Going to dig up a sapling, take with you water and a large enough piece of cloth to wrap a dug clod of earth with its roots.
When exposed, the main root of a pine tree dies in air in 15-20 minutes.
This is another reason why pines should be dug out with a fairly large basal lump.
Choosing a seedling, cut the turf around the perimeter with a shovel, penetrating the shovel as deep as possible into the soil. After that, use the shovel as a lever to tear off and lift a clod of earth with roots.
Put a wet cloth under the spade, straighten it and put a com on it. Wrap the cloth tightly around the coma and, holding it, pull out the pine.
First of all, you can remove the clod of earth without damaging it. Secondly, tightly wrapped and tied fabric will not allow anyone to fall apart during transport.
And, finally, it will avoid the drying of the root.
If you use a thin cotton sheet, then the seedling can be lowered into the planting hole right in it - the fabric will quickly rot and will not interfere with the growth of the roots.
Digged tree ready for transport
Having brought the tree to the landing site, we pour out a half-bucket of water into the landing pit and simply drop the seedling there. If the size of the coma is different from the landing pit, add or remove the required amount of land.
We water a landing hole
Note: the root neck cannot be buried (i.e. the place where the trunk of the tree begins to branch and passes into the roots), it should be at ground level.
Otherwise, it rots, and the tree dies.
If you transplant a tree with a dense, unbroken clod of earth, the problem with determining the depth at which the root neck should be located is automatically eliminated.
After landing, we gurgle the earth around the trunk. Mulch, as you probably know, helps retain moisture, prevents weed germination and, slowly rotting, works as a soft fertilizer. For mulching, we collected fallen pine needles.
We mulch the earth around
Finally, water the seedling, even if the ground is wet. Watering not only provides a reserve of water, but also improves the contact of the roots with the soil, which means that it creates more favorable conditions for feeding and restoring damage. Watering preferably watering with a nozzle, so as not to erode the soil.
If you want to plant several pines, place the following approximately four meters from the first one. If you plant trees too close, they will interfere with each other when they grow up.
Departure after landing
Special care for pine planted on your site is not required.
Warm the tree before winter, if planted in late autumn, close from the bright spring sun, mulch the tree trunk, clean large grass around, water during particularly dry periods (mulch will help fight the drought), clean dried and sick branches.
Properly planted pines will long please you with their evergreen outfit.
Pines in the country: mountain, cedar and ordinary pine. Features of landing, watering, top dressing and covering for the winter
Coniferous trees are able to decorate any landscape, pleasing the eye with a bright crown and fluffy paws, therefore they are very popular among summer residents.
However, planting and caring for these plants contains a number of nuances that you need to be aware of so that the trees successfully take root on your site.
Therefore, in this article we will look at how to plant a pine tree in the country and ensure further care for it.
Pines on the dacha
Mountain pine: description of the plant
The mountain pine (Pinus mugo) is a shrub species of thick pine, although it is trees that are more common in the wild. The height of the shrubs reach 4-5 m, and the trees - 7-8 m. Shoots at the mountain pine - short, creeping along the ground and curved to the top. The root system is superficial, strongly branched. The needles have a dark green color. The length of the needles is up to 4 cm. They are collected in bundles of two pieces, slightly twisted. Their lifespan ranges from 3 to 5 years. At six or eight, cones appear on a pine tree, which add decorativeness to the tree. They are cone-shaped, light brown in color, 3-6 cm in length.
Pine Pinus mugo has a number of advantages:
- has a good degree of winter hardiness
- drought resistant
- wind resistant due to strong root system
- has strong branches that do not break off under the snow cover,
- undemanding to the composition of the soil,
- tolerates pruning,
- fewer other types of pine trees are affected by diseases and pests,
- suitable for planting in urban environments, resistant to air pollution,
- long-liver - can live for 1000 years.
Mountain pine breeding occurs in three ways: cuttings, grafting and seeds. Slow growth rates are typical for the ephedra: the annual growth is 10 cm in height and 15 cm in width. At the age of ten, the tree reaches a maximum height of 0.6-1 m, with a diameter of 0.6-1.8 m.
Mountain pine has several subspecies and ornamental varieties, but we will now describe only some of the most interesting ones.Of the subspecies emit:trees, multilateral and elfin shrubs. In the gardens, the most common are shrub (mugus) and elfin (pumilio) forms. Both the first and second have many varieties. These are mainly dwarf and ground cover shrubs. They have different forms of crown (spherical, pillow, columnar, etc.), height (from 40 cm to 4 m), color of needles (bright green, dark green, gray, golden).
Variety "Dwarf". The shrub grows up to 2 m in height. It has a spherical crown. Needles - dark green. It is used in single landings and groups on the ground lawn, rocky areas. Also planted in containers, on the roofs.
Variety "Pug". Dwarf shrubs, reaching a height of 1.5 m. The height and diameter of the crown are usually the same size. The crown grows as a ball. Branches densely branched. The needles are dark green, straight, 2-4 cm long. Designers prefer to grow this variety as a tapeworm, in groups in rocky gardens.
Variety "Mini Pug". Presented by a dwarf shrub, 40-60 cm high. The crown grows up to 1 m in diameter and has a pillow shape. Needles - dark green, needle. Suitable for planting in light shade. Apply in single and group landings on stony hills.
Variety "Kolumnaris." The maximum height of the shrubs of this species is 2.5 m, the diameter of the crown is up to 3 m. The crown is narrowly coniferous, the needles are dark green, and needle-like. Suitable for planting soliter and groups, in rocky gardens, on the slopes.
Variety "Winter Gold." Dwarf shrub with a spherical crown. The needles change color depending on the season: in the summer it is light green, in the fall it is golden yellow. The plant reaches a height of 50 cm and a diameter of 1 m.
Variety "Compact". The original tree height of 4-5 m, multi-barreled. Crown in the form of a ball. The needles are painted in a dark green color, 2.5-3.5 cm long. Recommended for planting in alpine hills, singly and in groups.
Variety "Frisia". Reaches sizes up to 2 m. It has a dense, strongly branched crown and straight branches. It is used in single and group plantings on stony territories, and also as an interior plant.
Variety "Ofir." Interesting due to the shape resembling a pin. In size, this pine is miniature - 0.4 m high and 0.6 m wide. At the top, the needles are golden yellow, the branches located in the shade and the inside of the crown are bright green.
Seedling selection rules
When choosing a tree for planting, pay attention to the fact that its appearance in general speaks about health and normal development. The tips of the needles should not be dry or yellow. Before you plant a mountain pine, decide whether you will buy a seedling with an open root system or with a closed one. The last option is a tree in a pot that can better tolerate planting and adapt more quickly to new conditions.
For planting, it is better to choose young seedlings, up to five years old. With special care you need to inspect the root system of the seedling, as it should be free from damage and rot. If you buy a tree in a container, then it is important that it be grown in this container, and not planted in it shortly before it goes on sale. A simple method will help determine this: if the roots look out from the drainage holes of the container, then the plant has grown in it.
What should be the ground for planting mountain pine
Mountain pine can grow on any soil, even very poor. It does not pay attention to the acidity of the earth, but the most decorative and well-developed plant will be when planted in sandy and sandy sandy soils, with a weak acid reaction. If the ground for pine contains too much sand, you can add clay to it.
The scheme of planting mountain pine seedlings
Here is a diagram of how to plant a mountain pine. To do this, you need to dig a hole a little larger than an earthen ball - optimally 7-10 cm wide. The depth of the pit should be 0.8-1 m. The bottom is covered with a 20-centimeter layer of drainage from gravel, small stones, broken brick, expanded clay, etc. This is necessary to prevent root rot. Drainage poured soil mixture.
For planting pine seedlings use a substrate consisting of:
- sod land - 2 parts,
- sand (clay) - 1 part.
Also in the pit you can make compost, rotted manure or 30-50 g of nitrogen (complex) fertilizer. The sapling, without destroying the earthy coma, is carefully placed in the recess and covered with earth, leaving the root neck on the surface. The ground must be slightly compacted, and the trunk circle must be mulched. Also do not forget to water the sapling plentifully. If you plan to plant several pines, they should be placed at a distance of 1.5-4 m from each other.
That's the whole technology, how to plant pine mountain in spring. The first time after planting a young bush will need to pritenyat from the sun's rays, using spruce branches or spunbond. Plants up to 5 years old usually easily tolerate transplantation, quickly take root in a new area, so for them you can change the planting place several times. Older specimens will take longer and more difficult to take root in a new place, so they need to immediately pick up an area for permanent growth. Otherwise, before transplanting you will have to prepare the root system in a special way or freeze it with an earthen clod.
Mountain pine care
Caring for the mountain pine will not make any special difficulties, because the plant is not demanding for irrigation and easily tolerates drought. The soil moisture level must be monitored when growing young plants. The first month they need to be watered once a week, using 1-2 buckets of water for one tree. In the future, watering will be required only in long, dry periods. With a strong compaction of the soil will need its loosening. However, it is necessary to take into account the factor that the root system of the plant is located quite close to the soil surface.
Rules for feeding mountain pine
Here's how to fertilize pine:
- nitroammofoskoy (40 g) or other nitrogen fertilizer during planting, is introduced into the pit,
- in the spring, in the first and second year of life, complex mineral fertilizers in the tree trunk circle (for example, “Kemira-universal”, at the rate of 30-40 g per plant).
Two years after planting, the pine tree will no longer need fertilizers, as it is able to use the nutrients that accumulate in the thick coniferous bedding under it.
Since the crowns of decorative pines are so beautiful, they usually do not require a special haircut. Neat form can be formed by trimming or pinching young shoots by one third. So the crown will become more dense, and the shoots will slow growth. In the spring remove frozen and dried branches. Mountain pine tolerates frost well, but young plants require shelter. Also in the first two years they should be covered from the sun, starting in February. Like all conifers, pine is subject to spring sunburn of pine needles.
How mountain pine breeds
Mountain pine propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafts. The simplest and most common way is to grow seedlings from seeds. These pines practically do not give in to cuttings. At least, so far it has not been possible to successfully plant a pine variety Mugus in a similar way. Therefore, when breeding plants, preference is given to other methods.
Seed propagation is the simplest and most acceptable way to plant a beautiful and healthy pine. With such planting trees completely retain their decorative. Briefly describe the process of reproduction of pine sowing seeds. They can be sown both directly in open ground and in boxes, and in the second case, the percentage germination will be large. Ripening of pine seeds occurs in the second year after pollination. Seeds of double-coniferous species would be better to stratify beforehand for 30 days, although it is possible to do without stratification. Planted better in the spring. Pyatikhvarnik sow in the fall, at least in the spring. Their seeds are amenable to longer stratification - for 4-5 months.
When sowing in closed ground, use boxes made of any materials. They pre-make drainage holes. The substrate should be light and loose. It is advisable to sprinkle peat on top of it in order to avoid the development of fungal diseases. Also, the soil must be kept in the oven for disinfection. Seeds are disinfected in a solution of "Fundazol" or "Fitosporin". In the boxes they are sown shallowly, at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Also, seed can be simply poured onto the soil, and then slightly loosened. Capacity cover with foil. Sprouts should appear within a month. After that they will need to be opened and watered regularly. In the open ground well-rooted seedlings can be moved in 1-2 years. When transplanting the root system is not exposed.
Mountain pine, however, as well as pine, reproduction by cuttings does not tolerate well. This happens due to the fact that with this method the tree is difficult to root. 7-10 cm long cuttings are taken only from saplings, from annual upright branches in late April. They are cut off along with a part of the bark of the trunk - the heel. Then for three days, it is advisable to hold them in a container with water and 12 hours in a solution that stimulates root growth. When breeding pines with cuttings, a container with a substrate of earth, peat and sand is prepared in advance. At the bottom is laid drainage. The cuttings go deeper by 4–5 cm. The distance between them is kept within 10 cm. Then it is necessary to organize a greenhouse with lower heating. At home, the temperature at the bottom of the tank can be maintained by placing it in a box with compost, manure or dry leaves. If the cuttings are planted in spring, then rooting should be expected only at the end of the autumn of next year. When grafting in open ground, the lower layer of soil is covered with drainage from gravel or gravel. The beds are laid in layers: compost, soil mixture, sand. The bottom of the cuttings is treated with "Zircon" or "Epin." Rooting occurs within 5-6 months.
High grades can be propagated by grafting, and four-year-old seedlings are taken for stock. It is quite difficult to carry out the inoculation, and one more article will be required for a detailed description of the process of how the pine reproduces by this method. The advantages of reproduction by grafting are that the young tree adopts all the varietal qualities of the mother plant. When used in landscape design, mountain pine is planted in rock gardens, when planting slopes, in hedges, and is also used to fix the soil. It looks beautiful both as a tapeworm and in group plantings. It goes well with birch, larch, spruce, Balkan pines.
Planting pine and caring for her
The tree grows up to 40 m high, crown narrow pyramidal and dense. The bark is initially smooth, gray-brown in color, with a verast it becomes scaly and coarse. The needles are dense, needles are dark green.
Top dressingAdditional stratification of pine seeds is not needed. Although seed germination can be accelerated by changing the ambient temperature. As with most other plants, pine seeds will germinate faster with a sharp warming. Artificial contrast of temperatures for the seeds is easy to arrange: for this, before planting, it is enough to put them in the freezer for a short time and then rinse in warm water.For planting is best to choose seedlings aged from 3 to 5 years. We would not advise grabbing a shovel and running to dig out any pine that you see in the nearby forest - with such transplants, plants rarely take root and usually die the next year after planting.It is better to buy a ready sapling in specialized nurseries. In this purchase there are several advantages: in addition to the seedling you can get additional advice on planting and caring for it, and leave the tree that you did not dig in the forest alive :)The high susceptibility of young seedlings to diseases allows the strongest seedlings to survive. Phytophthora mushrooms often infect young plants, especially in warm conditions. You can water the seedlings with a solution of potassium permanganate - this way will help the plant survive, but it will significantly slow down its growth.Spruce seedlings, pines, which were planted in the autumn, should be watered constantly, stop only 2 weeks before the first frost.
Pots (boxes) should be with good air exchange of the soil, at the same time, be in the sunlight. We recommend to cover them with a film before receiving the first shoots. Then open them, keep them warm and give access to the air.
Pine planting from the forest is most often carried out in early spring, since the sap circulation is too weak - the tree survival rate will be much higher than in summer or autumn. But to say for sure when it is better to plant a pine tree, it is impossible, because it depends on the climate, as well as care.
The main requirements are sandy soil, because without drainage the roots will quickly die.
Digging in the forest and planting pine on the site
If you plant several pines, then the distance between the large ones should be at least 4 m, undersized plants can be planted closer to each other - at a distance of 1.5 m. When planting, do not dig the root collar, it should be at ground level. And when planting krupnomerov (better to do this in winter), the neck should be raised above the ground by 10 cm, as over time the soil will settle. 3-5 year old trees take root best. Immediately after planting, the tree is abundantly watered. Pines often suffer from pests and diseases. The most stable among them is mountain pine.
It is believed that the pines are difficult to care for. The opinion was spread by inexperienced gardeners trying to simply move a tree from a nearby grove.Pinus pumila (elfin cedar)
Top dressing is necessary for young saplings in the first two years after their landing. To do this, mineral fertilizers are applied to the tree trunk circle at least once a year (approximately 40 g / sq. M). In the future, for the normal development of the pine will be enough organic fertilizer accumulated in the coniferous litter under it.The boxes in which you want to plant the seeds may be from any material, they must have openings to drain excess moisture. The ground in the box itself should be loose, sprinkled with peat on top. Peat is necessary for the prevention of fungal diseases, which are subject to young pine seedlings. The seeds are sown shallowly, it is better to simply pour them on the prepared soil, and then loosen it. The interval between the sown seeds should be at least 5 mm: if this is not done, the germinated seedlings will raise the ground, while the tender roots of the seedlings will wither.Planted such pine seedlings in late April or early autumn. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare a pit with a depth of up to 1 m. A mixture consisting of turf soil, topsoil, river sand or clay (2: 2: 1 ratio) is added to the planting pit. Also add a little nitrogen fertilizer, about 30-40 g.
Boxes with seedlings should be placed in the sun - pine likes light. Both open space and greenhouse conditions will do. If the weather is dry, then water the plants need daily. Ready-made formulations are well used as fertilizers, and frequent weeding will give the seedlings more light.Fertilizers do not need much, but they need to be applied for the normal growth and development of trees. About 40 g of nitrogen fertilizer, 15 g of dilute ammonia suspensions, 5 kg of humus for each tree - only then you can count on an excellent crown.
For seed germination, the soil should be with peat and fertile black soil. Cedar pine is generally planted with peat tablets.
In the hole add 25 g of nitrogen fertilizer, which will take effect in a couple of weeks and will stimulate the vegetative mass of the plant to active growth. The pit should be large enough to fit all the clods of earth, and there is still room for bedding fresh around. Immediately fill all the water and maintain the "swamp" a few days.. It is necessary to plant only on a slope and pour at least 20 centimeters of rubble so that there is good drainage. Fertilizer, nevertheless, must be considered. About 450 g of manure is laid at the bottom of the pit, which is covered with a layer of soil of 5 cm above, so that the roots do not directly contact with fertilizers - they can be burnt.
The best time for planting pines is the end of April - the beginning of May or the end of August - the middle of September. If in the fall you planted a tree somewhat later than this period, then its roots may not have time to take root. Therefore, be sure to cover the tree with spruce branches or spunbond so that the spring sun does not burn it. It will be possible to remove the shelter only when the ground is thawed, that is, in mid-April. Well-established trees do not need to cover.
Pines can not be transferred with bare roots and planted in garden soil. The fact is that the roots of a young pine tree die outdoors in 10-15 minutes, and the earth is too rich in organic matter, too. Pines of all kinds grow and develop better in sunny places and light soils.
A small creeping plant, the branches are scattered. Crowns of trees may differ in appearance - they creeping, arborescent and bowl-shaped. When a tree crown elfin grows to 5-7 m in height.Sheltering for the winterA year later, seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place, the best time for transplanting is April or May.
We multiply a pine tree with our own hands at the dacha
When planting a seedling in a prepared pit, it is necessary that the root neck of the tree is at ground level. If not one, but several trees will be planted, as many places as possible should be left for them: low-growing species are planted at a distance of 1.5 m from each other, it is desirable to observe at least 4-meter spacing between large trees.
- After 5 - 6 months, the seedlings will get strong enough, their stem will stiffen, and will reach 7 cm in length. For the winter, the pine trees should be left in the boxes, but not to create greenhouse conditions for them.
- Regardless of where the pine is planted, it will have to be sheltered from frost for the first 2 years, especially if you transplanted it in late autumn. Mature trees are resistant and withstand -40 degrees than plants up to 4 years old cannot boast. Roll them in the same way as currants or other berries, cover with spandex.
- Do not sow seeds too deep. The ideal depth is 2-3 centimeters, you can grind up to 1 cm.
- Important: water only if there is good drainage, otherwise the root of the water to suffocate and the tree may die. It is better to water several times at intervals of several hours than pouring once and a lot.
- Step 2
How to create coniferous plant compositions in the garden, which conifers need pruning, how to grow them from seeds, and how to prepare conifers for winter, read other materials on our website. Pay attention to the information block to the left of the text of the article: it contains links to articles of a related topic.
Proper care after planting
If the land on your site is particularly heavy, make sure to install a twenty-centimeter drainage of expanded clay or broken brick and a layer of sand when planting. 50 grams of nitrophoska or 100 grams of Kemira-Universal compound fertilizer should be added to the planting pit.
Pinus mugo (mountain pine)
Mature trees are winter-hardy, but young pines (and some ornamental species) should be sheltered for the winter to avoid sunburn. For this purpose, using a spruce. They cover the crowns of seedlings in the late fall and do not remove it until mid-August. Still, as an option, you can use rare burlap or special covers. It is impossible to wrap trees with thick material or polyethylene - such “protection” will lead to seedlings loosening.
In the spring of seedlings can be planted in a natural ground. Trying not to damage the long and thin roots, seedlings should be carefully divided and planted at a distance of 10 - 12 cm from each other. The landing level should be the same as in the boxes - shallow. Fine sawdust need to sprinkle the soil with seedlings, which will save the plants from the abundance of weeds. Periodic manipulations with fertilizers, watering and weeding are the main recommendations for the next couple of years. The pine grows quickly and in the third year its height reaches 60 cm. Now the seedlings can be planted in a permanent place, it is better to do this in the middle of spring, along with the ground, trying to preserve the root system. A long-lived tree will delight future generations with its scent and healing air.
How to grow pine from seed.
We considered when it is better to plant pines and how to do it correctly. Now you can take a shovel and go into the woods in search of a suitable tree, which you will look at for more than a year at your dacha!
The minimum distance between the seeds is 2 centimeters, so that it is convenient to withdraw sprouted pines and replant to another place.
Keep the interval: 2 meters between the trees and not less so that the root systems do not compete with each other in search of nutrients.
Go to the forest.
It would seem that there is nothing difficult in this process. Just pick up a bayonet shovel, dig a tree of medium size and plant it in a hole. But it will live for you no more than 2-3 weeks, because a very fastidious plant is pine cedar, the planting of which will be described below. Other species are more resistant, but the problem still exists. Consider a step-by-step landing instruction and look all the way, from the forest to your site.
As pine ordinary, this type of winter-hardy, drought-resistant. The composition of the soil is also undemanding, mountain pines are not damaged by diseases and pests. Frosts and snowfalls are not frightening either. It combines well when planted with birch, larch, Balkan pine and spruce. Brought a large number of decorative varieties.
Reproduction of pine seeds
Pines are winter-hardy plants, they tolerate low air humidity. Most species of wood are resistant to environmental pollution (unfortunately, pine ordinary can not boast of this). Unlike other conifers, pine grows best in constantly lit areas, it is an extremely light-loving plant.
To get the seeds from the cones, they need to be dried well - on the stove or central heating radiator. Seeds can be harvested a few days later when the buds open.
The first thing we pay attention to pruning. It is not required, but if it is necessary to slow down the growth of the tree and leave it as it is, it is necessary to break off the young branches by 1/3. This can be done every 2 years and the pine will become thick, beautiful and not too high.
Planting pine seedlings is a very interesting activity, but you will probably want to grow it from seed sometime. That is why it is necessary to give some recommendations on how to do it correctly, so that everything worked out the first time and did not have to make unsuccessful attempts again and again.
Choose a landing site.
How I love pines! On the plot, of course, I will not plant it - I like the pine forest, but for him my land is not enough :)) But it’s fantastic to walk in such a forest! I envy a little bit in an amicable way to the inhabitants of those regions where pines grow everywhere. From childhood I remember summer vacation in a country house near St. Petersburg, where pines surrounded the village, grew right behind the fence of the plots, the Karelian Isthmus, where pines surrounded by mossy boulders look into endless lakes ... Nostalgia :)
Types and varieties of pine
The most common type of wood, unpretentious to the fertility of the soil. This pine grows quickly, loves well-lit places. Hardy The biggest disadvantage - pine ordinary is sensitive to air pollution.
Almost all types of pine additional watering is not needed, it is exclusively drought-resistant plant, and the needles that have fallen down under the tree contribute to the retention of moisture. The exception is the Rumelian pine. This is a moisture-loving tree, for the season it is necessary to water it 2-3 times (about 15-20 liters per plant).
If you want to go all the way from A to Z when planting, you can try to grow a pine tree from seeds. Pine seeds can be planted in open ground or in specially prepared boxes. Better, of course, the second option: the seeds planted in open ground, can be destroyed by rodents.
For planting it is best to choose sandy and sandy sandy soil, but if you plant a plant on heavy soils (such as loam and clay), you will need additional drainage of the plot. Expanded clay, sand and broken fragments of brick are suitable for this purpose. It is desirable that the drainage layer in the planting pit should be at least 20 cm. For black and weymouth pine, an alkaline or acid-neutral soil is necessary. To get rid of excess acidity, you can use lime to add about 300 g of lime to the planting pit, and then mix it with the soil.
It is better to sow the seeds in boxes - plastic or wooden containers with holes for water flow are covered with loose earth and a layer of peat (it will save seedlings from fungal diseases). Sow seeds need to be careful - not too often and not deep. You can pour them on top and then loosen the ground a little.
Water only at the stage of rooting of the tree, and even then, not too often. 1-2 times a week for 15-20 minutes - no longer needed. After rooting (a couple of months) it is not necessary to water. It will be enough precipitation to make the tree feel great.
Stratification is not needed, but the germination process can be accelerated by changing the ambient temperature. You need to put the seeds in the refrigerator for a couple of months, then soak them in warm water (+40 degrees). Next, we land in boxes.
Unlike berry and fruit crops, we do not need black soil, peat and fertile soils.
Grow better on alkaline and neutral soils, so when planting in a hole add 200-300 g of lime. All are mixed with the earth, watered and planted wood.
Violetta Shevchenko, Rostov-on-Don
And at my dacha there are two pines of 20 years old - planted with twigs-nodules, unfortunately, one died at the age of 5 years. and one — she has been waiting for a transplant for 3 years, she did not have time to transplant this fall. I wonder if the lower branches should be trimmed - they could not be found at a height of 20 and 50 cm.
Pinus peuce Griseb (Balkan Pine)
You will also need additional autumn watering (after the end of the leaf fall) to the newly planted seedlings. Wet soil freezes less, so the risk of burning needles in the spring (and this is possible, the crown of the pines wakes up early, and because of the frozen soil, the roots of the plant do not produce enough moisture) will be significantly less.
We choose the time for landing
The best time for planting pine trees is spring or autumn, as well as for planting all the trees. In the summer, planting is not worth it, because during active growth the plant needs a lot of moisture, and the transplant injures the root system, which dries out. In a pine tree, such a period lasts from the moment of formation of new shoots until their complete lignification.
Experienced gardeners recommend planting a pine tree somewhere in the middle of spring. Over the summer, the plant is fully adaptable and will meet well the winter.If planting is planned for autumn, then it should be carried out at the moment when the tree is preparing for rest. During this period, all processes slow down, and the plant tolerates transplant well.
If the time for planting is missed, the plant did not have time to be planted in spring or early autumn, then the procedure can be carried out later, with the onset of sustained frosts. After planting, it is necessary to cover the sapling, otherwise it will not survive the winter. For this fit any covering materials or spruce branches. With the arrival of spring, all protection is removed. This should be done after the snow has melted.
How to get a seedling for planting
Planting material can be purchased at the nursery, which significantly saves time on cultivation. Purchased trees are completely healthy, their root system is in excellent condition, and caring staff will give all the necessary advice on care.
The simplest, at first glance, way is to dig up a seedling in “wildlife”. But there are some “pitfalls” here.
• Simplicity is that you do not need to spend money on a sapling, but that’s what it ends up with.
• Digging and transporting a young tree hurts the roots, there is no guarantee of a successful planting.
• Select a tree is very difficult, you can not take what will fall. It is better to dig up young shoots that will die in the forest due to lack of light.
• The disadvantage of such seedlings is their structure, they do not always grow vertically upwards, many are twisted. It does not look quite aesthetically pleasing when landing on an even prepared plot.
With forest saplings a lot of trouble, which, sometimes, not under the force of the gardener. The root system of such a tree does not always tolerate transplanting. When transporting seedlings need to keep a room with the earth, otherwise the plant will die.
Some lovers grow their own seedlings from seed. It is very exciting, but very long. If you have the desire and time, you can try this technology. To do this, pick up seeds that are sown in loose nutrient soil. Before sowing, they must be washed in a solution of potassium permanganate, as they may be infected with blast. The first shoots will appear no earlier than a month. Caring for seedlings includes watering with potassium permanganate, weeding and frost shelter. With proper care and dressing in five years, you can plant a plant in the garden. Young plants grown from seed need additional shelter for the winter.
Choosing a place for planting pine
Pine belongs to the light-loving plants, but young seedlings still better pritenyat. In their natural environment, they do not grow in open areas, but are under the shade of mature trees. Therefore, to pick a place for planting should be bright, but without direct sunlight.
An evergreen plant prefers sandy soils. In areas with heavy soil, it is imperative to make a drainage. To do this, in the landing pit, you can put a layer of broken brick.
Choosing a place for planting pine trees, you need to consider the location of the roots in the soil. Most of them are in the upper layer, at a depth of about 50 cm. If the groundwater is high, there is a risk of damage to the root system. A few years later, the pine may die.
Planting pine seedlings (photo)
The planting pit should be larger than the root system of the plant. At the bottom of the pit lay a layer of drainage, add mineral fertilizers for coniferous plants, you can use mature compost.
Before planting you need to check the sapling. After all, a "dead" tree keeps its presentation for a long time. Yellow needles and brittle branches should be alarming. Such a plant is not necessary to plant.
The landing pit is filled with water by a third and the seedling is lowered. When planting, pay attention to the root neck, it should be flush with the ground. If you bury it during planting, the tree will rot and die.
After planting the pine, the soil is well mulched with needles that help retain the necessary moisture. In the process of growing mulch is added, rotting, it feeds the tree with all necessary, inhibits the growth of weeds.
If the site is planned to plant more than one tree, then you need to think about their location in advance. The distance between plants must be at least 4 meters, otherwise mature trees will interfere with each other.
Care of pine seedlings (photo)
Young plants suffer from the spring sunlight, which have a destructive effect on the needles. To protect the pine, you need to cover the branches in spring with spruce branches. Mature plants tolerate winters well and do not need shelters.
Pine is undemanding to care. All she needs is timely watering, loosening the soil, removing broken branches, forming a crown.
Pine is a very tall and beautiful tree, but over time it can give too much shade, blocking the light of other shrubs and flowers. Experienced gardeners resort to the formation of the crown, the tree regularly pinch and prune. This limits the growth of pine.
When pruning and molding need to shorten not only the upper branches. For a beautiful crown need to prune all the shoots.
Important!The top of the tree can not be cut, otherwise the trunk is split, the appearance will be spoiled.
In the spring, it is necessary to prune the lower branches, since it is they who begin to dry out first. Young shoots are shortened by a third growth.