Crop production

How to cure coccidiosis poultry

Among the most dangerous diseases occurring in chickens, coccidiosis occupies a special place. It is an infectious disease that usually carries nature of the epidemic. In other words, the disease manifests itself quite sharply, striking at the same time practically all chickens living in the same territory. Most often coccidiosis sick young chickens with weaker immunity. According to statistics, this infection kills up to 80% of diseased birds.

The source of the disease are parasites. Being on free-range, chickens swallow coccidian larvae and become infected. According to statistics, most often sick birds, which are contained in cramped conditions with high humidity.

Symptoms of coccidiosis

You can determine the disease by the following features:

  • lack of appetite in chicken. A sick bird will refuse any feed,
  • increased thirst. Despite the lack of appetite, chickens with coccidiosis are often and greedily drunk,
  • lethargy. With this disease, the chicken takes on a characteristic posture - it laughter and squeezes into a ball, closing eyes,
  • loose stools. Since coccidiosis affects the organs of digestion, frequent liquid and frothy stools should alert the owners of the chicken coop. A little later, bloody clots are added to the feces, indicating a serious damage to the gastrointestinal tract,
  • mucus in the beak.

Impact of the disease on the bird

As a result of reproduction of pathogenic microflora and its enhanced influence on the internal organs, the bird is deprived of the opportunity to fully feed, since the food is not digested, and nutrients are not absorbed. The chicken is losing weight rapidly, its skin acquires a bluish tinge (a consequence of anemia), and convulsions and paralysis begin. Most often, this condition ends with the death of a bird.

Causes of

As mentioned above, the causative agent of the disease is the Eimeria parasite. It is a single-celled organism that lives on the ground and leaves of plants. It is important to note that single aimery are not a cause for concern, since a small amount of them is always present in the body of chickens. However, in the case when the parasite's oocysts (eggs) are located in the territory in large numbers, and the chicken has a weak immunity, eimeria begins to multiply vigorously, affecting the intestines, the stomach and even the nerve endings of the bird. For this reason, the disease is most often exposed to young chickens under the age of 90 days, whose immune response is still not strong enough.

It is important to know that chick coccidiosis is not transmitted to other animals and birds. Thus, for example, chicken eimeria cannot survive in the gastrointestinal tract of geese or ducks.

Treatment methods

In addition, the detected problem in time will allow to protect and prevent the development of the disease among other chickens. Among the drugs for the treatment of this disease are:

  • Telozin 50,
  • Koksitsan 12%,
  • Baikox
  • Koktsidiovit,
  • Levometsetin tablets,
  • Metronidazole tablets,
  • Eretromitsin tablets,
  • Trivit tablets.

As for folk methods, they are practically non-existent for this disease, since it is impossible to cope with the parasite without special preparations and the chicken without timely veterinary care will surely die.

It is important to monitor the hygienic condition of the chicken coop, conducting frequent cleaning. High humidity is one of the most important factors in the development of the disease. Also, do not forget about the timely vaccination of young chickens and chickens, in addition, acquiring young animals, do not rush to immediately plant them to the rest of the chickens or let them go for free-range. And do not forget that, at times, the prevention of the disease has a much greater effect than the treatment started in a timely manner!

Telozin 50

This is an antibiotic with a broad spectrum of action. However, it is worth considering that he is appointed to chickens no earlier than after they reach the age of 60 days. The drug can be administered as an injection, or mixed with water. For example, for small farms and private owners with a small number of poultry, it is best to administer the drug subcutaneously.

In the event that the number of diseased chickens makes vaccination time-consuming, Telozin can be diluted in water at the rate of 0.5 grams per liter of clean drinking water. To improve the condition of a bird, it is enough to give it 2-3 grams of antibiotic dissolved in water. The course of treatment depends on the condition of the chicken, but it should not be less than 7-10 days.

Koksitsan 12%

This drug was developed specifically for the prevention and control of coccidiosis in animals. It is produced in glass tubes with a screw cap. Included is a measuring syringe. When adding the drug to the feed should strictly follow the enclosed instructions.

Remember that it is necessary to carefully ensure that the entire portion is eaten, otherwise the response to treatment will decrease.

This tool is used not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of coccidiosis, both in adult birds and pullets. Like most poultry preparations, Baycox is dissolved in clean drinking water and given to chickens.

To treat a sick bird, you will need 1 ml of medication, which will need to be dissolved in 1 liter of clean drinking water. The course of treatment lasts two days, but if relief does not come, then it is prolonged to 5-7 days.

Koktsidiovitov

This tool was developed to treat the disease in young chickens and chickens, taking into account the characteristics of their body. It effectively affects the causative agents of the disease and leads to their death. Koktsidiovit not bad copes with both the treatment and preventive tasks. With regard to treatment, then 2.5 mg of the drug is added to 1 kg of feed. All this is thoroughly mixed and given to the chicken throughout the day. The next day, the remnants of feed are thrown away, and a new batch is prepared. Treatment continues for 7 days.

If necessary, carry out prevention, for example, in the event that coccidiosis was detected in just one bird. To do this, healthy chicks prepare food with the addition of 1.25 mg per 1 kg of feed.

Levometsetin, metronidazole, eretromycin and trivit

Despite the fact that these antibiotics are "human", with the exception of Trivit. Nevertheless, many professional chicken breeders offer an effective treatment for coccidiosis based on them, which, in their opinion, is several times more effective than any veterinary drug. The course of treatment consists of five days:

  • Day 1 - Levometsetin tablet and ½ pills of Trivit mixed with a liter of water
  • 2nd day - eretromycin tablet and ½ tablet of Trivit mixed with a liter of pure water,
  • 3rd day - Metronidazole tablet and Trivit ½ tablet diluted in a liter of water,
  • Day 4 - one tablet of Levometsetin and Eretromycin mixed with ½ tablet of Trivit in a liter of water,
  • Day 5 - dissolve Eretromycin and Metronidazole tablets in water with ½ Trivit tablet.

After such treatment and recovery, it is worth remembering that chicken meat and eggs are unsuitable for human consumption for 2 weeks due to their high antibiotic content. Remember, after you have dissolved the drugs in the liquid, make sure that the chickens have really drunk them. This amount of medicine is enough for about 10 birds contained in one place.

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Effects

If the chicken survives after coccidiosis, then all its organs and functions return to normal. However, it should be understood that the chances of a successful and full recovery when the disease is neglected are almost nil. That is why most breeders simply destroy sick chickens.

Despite the fact that many argue that coccidiosis is a disease of young animals, however, it is necessary to closely monitor the health of adult birds. The best prevention of the disease is vaccination of acquired young.

Coccidiosis: a description of the disease

So, if we talk about what is coccidiosis, first of all you need to get acquainted with its pathogen. it simplest single-celled parasite, very quickly breeding and capable of covering a huge territory in a relatively short time and striking a very large number of birds.

Coccidia enter the body of poultry with food or water, which, in turn, parasite eggs can get from the droppings of an infected animal. Further, coccidia penetrate the intestine, where, having freed themselves from the egg, they invade the cells (more often it occurs in the front part of the small section, less often in the rectum or cecum) and begin to actively proliferate, resulting in some time in poultry, digestion is completely impaired, nutrients are no longer absorbed by the body, dehydration occurs, severe blood loss and, especially scary, the immune system is seriously impaired.

Poultry coccidiosis is a very common disease, and there are quite objective reasons for this. The fact is that there are a huge number of types of pathogens of this disease, and if you identify and successfully cure your birds from one strain in time, this will in no way save them from being infected with any other.

From the above example, one can imagine that a disease such as coccidiosis, say, in broilers can actually be caused by a dozen different (albeit of the same type) pathogens, and the successful treatment of one type of coccidiosis in chickens does not ensure their resistance (immunity) to others species of parasite. But the pathogen itself has an excellent ability to adapt to various drugs aimed at combating it, and this is another danger of the disease.

The main symptoms of coccidiosis in chickens, diagnosis of the disease

Coccidiosis in chickens has a very unpleasant feature for a long time without any external symptoms, which makes it difficult to diagnose it in time and, consequently, successful treatment. However, in the acute form of the disease, the incubation period passes rather quickly - from four days to a week.

The first signs that may indicate the presence of coccidiosis in chickens are rather vague and are mainly expressed in the behavior change in the bird. The chicken does not eat well, is sluggish, carries fewer eggs. Later you can see more vivid symptoms - change in plumage, weight loss (due to dehydration). The disease can be noticed by bird droppings - it becomes liquid, frothy, first greenish, later brown, and in the litter there are bloody discharges.

In the acute course of the disease, chickens die a few days after the first signs appear, with chronic, they can suffer for up to two months, losing up to 70% of their weight, weakening and stopping to grow. Sometimes there is paralysis of the limbs, and, as was said, resistance to viral and bacterial infections weakens greatly.

An exact diagnosis to a bird can only be made by a veterinarian on the basis of laboratory tests of a litter, scrapings or a smear where it is possible to detect the eggs of a pathogen. In chickens who died of coccidiosis, the intestine resembles a swollen bladder filled with liquid feces with bloody patches.

How to cure coccidiosis in chickens

Coccidiosis in chickens involves two main methods of treatment: the first is aimed at preventing infection of the birds from the outside, the second - to fight the pathogen that has already entered the chicken's body.

The first way is called prevention in a simple language; we’ll dwell on it a bit later. Modern drugs for coccidiosis give a sufficiently high result and are aimed at suspending or completely suppress the reproduction of Eimeria in the chicken. Some of these medicines, however, have the ability to prevent the bird from developing its own immunity to the pathogen.

In the meantime, natural ways to deal with a peddler for most farmers are not available, we have to use traditional coccidiostats for treating coccidiosis in poultry. It is rather difficult to use such preparations, because coccidia very quickly get used to them, therefore it can be said that the procedure for treating coccidiosis in chickens is often associated with the use of trial and error.

For the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, as well as broilers and adult birds, the prescribed drug is added to feed or water and, once ingested, blocks the development of the pathogen.

Among the most well-known drugs for the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens are the following:

  • coccyprodin: the drug is indicated in coccidiosis in chickens and broilers, the treatment is that the active substance is introduced into the pathogen regardless of the stage of development, while the body’s own defense against the disease is not in any way suppressed. The disadvantage of this coccidiostatic is that it cannot be used for the treatment of layers,
  • Avatek 15% SS kills coccidia at the ion level and is easily eliminated from the body,
  • baycox effective when added to drinking in strict proportions, the chicken should drink such water for two days,
  • coccidiosis suitable for both chickens and adult birds, but such meat should not be eaten if the bird was slaughtered earlier than one week after the end of treatment.

In addition to medications, the diseased bird must be strengthened by adding iron sulfate, methionine and other mineral additives to the feed, as the body suffers a serious shortage of certain amino acids and other elements during this period.

How to prevent coccidiosis in chickens: preventive measures

Like any other dangerous disease, it is better to prevent coccidiosis in chickens than to cure.

Prevention of coccidiosis in chickens is a whole system of measures - from vaccination to disinfection.

Vaccination is carried out, as a rule, in respect of young animals that are not planned for slaughter in the first months of life. It is believed that it does not make sense to vaccinate against coccidiosis for broilers, since even a mild infection dramatically affects the growth of the chicken and the increase in weight, even though it is planned to slaughter the bird in a few months.

For laying hens, by contrast, vaccination is extremely effective.Because the external signs of the disease, as has been said, manifest themselves in a decrease in the number of eggs, and the effect persists for several months after the bird has fully recovered. Properly chosen vaccine, vaccinated to a bird in the first days of life, gives a stable immunity (but only to a specific type of pathogen). The second way to prevent coccidiosis is immunochemical prophylaxis. It consists in the fact that the young bird is fed the minimum number of the three most common strains of coccidia in order to develop immunity. The method allows in the future to seriously alleviate the course of the disease and drastically reduce the number of medicines needed for its treatment.

Disinfection is also a preventive measure.

It must be admitted that this method is not very effective against coccidiosis. due to the strong resistance of the pathogen to conventional disinfectant mixtures, such as formalin, alkali, potassium permanganate, soap solutions, etc.

Accordingly, the content of chickens in moisture and dirt is a direct way to infection.

As a preventive measure, it is also recommended to add shells and table salt to feed.

To summarize, the main rules of coccidiosis control in poultry are as follows:

  • dryness and cleanliness in the hen house
  • limiting contact of chickens with an adult bird,
  • regular replacement of water in the drinker and feed in order to avoid droppings in them,
  • balanced and high-quality food,
  • heat treatment of equipment, poultry house and poultry walking place,
  • regular cleaning of the litter room,
  • the addition of coccidiostatics to food for prophylactic purposes with a constant change of drugs in order to avoid addiction.

Symptoms and treatment of coccidiosis in chickens and chickens

Chickens, like all other types of poultry, are prone to infection.

But during breeding it is important to know the types of diseases of chickens and how they should be properly treated. Particularly relevant is the disease coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.

It can in a few days lead to the death of a large number of bird stock.

Therefore, to avoid these troubles, the poultry farmer needs to know the symptoms of coccidiosis in chickens, turkey poults, broilers and adult chickens, treatment rules, and most importantly drugs that can cure birds from infection. But first things first.

To begin with, let's look at what coccidosis is in birds. This is an infectious disease that is often found in the poultry industry. The causative agents of infection are coccidia.

They enter the body of birds through food, water, equipment. There are several types of pathogens for this infection.

In chickens, coccidiosis causes one type of bacterium, Eimeria Tenella.

Coccidiosis is dangerous because at the first stage it is impossible to determine, the bird looks healthy for a long time.

But you should pay attention to the following signs and symptoms of coccidosis in chickens:

  1. Poor appetite or no appetite.,
  2. Modification of plumage,
  3. Laying hens begin to carry less eggs or completely cease to nest,
  4. Fecal masses acquire a liquid consistency, foam and blood impurities appear,
  5. Carcasses of birds acquire a bluish tint.

These symptoms last 4 days, and then the birds die. In chickens, the stomach is in a swollen state and is filled with liquid feces with red dots. It is worth paying attention to another symptom - the processes in the intestine. They look like an inflated glove.

Coccidiosis Chicken

If chickens have these symptoms, then it is safe to say that individuals have coccidiosis.

In this case immediately start treating coccidosis in chickens and chickens.

Treat coccidiosis can be different drugs, each of them affects the infectious agents and as a result leads to their death.

For the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, only chemical preparations are effective. They are added to feed or water.

As a result of ingestion, they lead to a slowdown or complete cessation of the development of coccidia.

During treatment, be sure to ensure that the food or water consumed the affected bird.

Consider the types of drugs that treat coccidiosis.

Coccidiostatics: treatment for poultry and broilers

Coccidiostatics are medicines used to treat coccidiosis in poultry. These funds are added to the feed of chickens and chickens.

When drugs enter the body of birds, the active ingredients have a suppressive effect on the pathogens of the disease and, as a result, stop their development.

The following drugs are considered to be coccidiostatics:

  1. Avatek 15%,
  2. Aviaks 5%
  3. Coccidin-10,
  4. Koktsisan 12%,
  5. Madikos
  6. Nicarmyx 25%.

Avatek 15%
This agent has a broad effect on coccidia. The composition contains the active ingredient lasalocid sodium 15%. It is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis.

How to apply:

  1. 0.5 grams of powder per kilogram of feed. Everything is mixed and given for preventive purposes,
  2. 1 gram per kilogram of food during coccidiosis treatments.

The course of treatment and prevention is 5 days.

Aviaks 5%
This tool refers to ionophoric glucoside coccidiostats with a broad spectrum of action on coccidia coccidiosis in poultry. The active ingredient means - Semduramycin 5%. It is used to prevent and treat coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.

Mode of application:

  • For prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the preparation is added to 1 kg of feed,
  • During treatment - per 1 kg of feed is added 1 gram of the product.

The course of prevention and treatment is 5 days.

Adding Medicines for Coccidiosis to Birds Food

Coccidin-10
The tool has a wide impact on coccidia.

It is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in adult chickens and chickens.

The active ingredient - toluamide has a suppressive effect on coccidiosis pathogens.

How to apply to chickens and chickens:

  1. During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the product is added to 1 kg of feed and mixed. Feed the bird with this mixture throughout the day,
  2. During treatment - 1 gram of the preparation is added to 1 kilogram of feed. Everything is well mixed, the mixture is given throughout the day.

The course of treatment from 5 to 7 days.

Koktsisan 12%
The drug is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in poultry.

Available in powder form with fine-grained structure. The color of the powder is light brown. The active ingredient is salinomycin sodium.

The main component suppresses and stops the development of coccidia.

How to apply:

  1. For prophylaxis - 60-120 mg of the drug should be added to 1 kg of the feed mixture,
  2. During treatment - 120 mg of the drug is added per kilogram of feed.

Feed mixture with medication is given throughout the day. The next day, the medicine feed is not used, a new one is being prepared.

The course of treatment and prevention - 5-7 days.

Madikox
This tool has the appearance of powder, it is poorly soluble in water. The color of the powder is grayish white or grayish brown. The active substance is ammonium muduramycin.

The main component has a suppressive effect on the development of coccidia. It has a wide effect on coccdiose pathogens at different stages.

Used for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.

How to apply:

  1. During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the drug is added to 1 kg of feed. Food mixed with medicine and given during the day.
  2. During the treatment period - 0.5-1 gram of the product is added to 1 kg of feed. All components are thoroughly mixed. The mixture is given throughout the day.

The course of treatment and prevention lasts from 5 days to 7 days.

Nikarmiks 25%
Nicarmyx 25% is a chemical coccidiostatic with a wide range of effects.

Available in the form of granules with a yellow color with a faint odor. The active ingredient is nicarbazine 25%. The active ingredient acts on the causative agents of coccidiosis and causes their death.

The drug is used to treat coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.

How to apply:

  1. During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the drug is added to 1 kg of feed. Everything is mixed up and given throughout the day,
  2. During treatment - 0.5-1 gram of the drug is added to 1 kilogram of feed. Everything is mixed and given throughout the day.

For chickens, a remedy is given for prevention, starting from the first day of life and in the subsequent period of cultivation. In addition to the treatment of coccidiosis, the drug enhances the immune system and the protective properties of the body of chicks.
The course of treatment and prevention - 4-7 days.

Sick with coccidiosis chicken, isolated from the rest of the birds.

Koktsiprodin: use at home

Coccidrodine is used to prevent and treat coccidiosis in poultry.

The drug, entering the body of the bird, affects coccidia and leads to a change in the microstructure of the organism of the pathogens.

The drug is used at different stages., while it kills bacteria and does not adversely affect the immunity of the bird.

Available in clear solution with a light yellow or dark yellow color. Has a peculiar smell.

During the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens and chickens, medicine is given along with the water. At 1 liter of water is added 1 ml of pure solution. Water with a solution watered during the day.

The course of treatment is 2 days; in severe conditions, treatment is recommended to be increased to 5 days.

The drug is widely used for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, chickens and broilers. During treatment and prophylaxis, the remedy is given with water.

The drug is diluted in water in the following dosages - 1 ml of 2.5% of the drug is added to 1 liter of water and mixed. The solution is given to a sick bird for 2 days. In severe forms, treatment is extended to 5 days.

Coccidiosis in broiler chickens is particularly dangerous. The causative agents of the disease - coccidia, develop and multiply in the intestines of individuals and lead to the death of epithelial cells.

As a result, the integrity of the intestinal wall structure is disturbed, and necrosis occurs.

Further, there is a violation of peristalsis and absorption, in the end it causes a lack of nutrients and leads to hungry edema.

The most optimal period of development of the disease in chickens is warm, rainy weather.

In these conditions, 2-3 days are sufficient for full maturation of the pathogen. The causes of the appearance of the disease is a change of feed, stressful situations. That is why it is important to know how and what to treat coccidiosis in chickens.

Coccidiosis is dangerous for broilers, especially for young stock. The course of the disease is fast and in a few days it affects a large number of individuals.

The development of bacteria occurs in the intestine and in 2-3 days the amount of coccidia can reach up to several thousand. As a result, the bird becomes sluggish, its appetite is lost, the structure of the feathers is disturbed.I.

Nutrient absorption is disturbed, it all leads to hungry edema and death of broilers.

Infection occurs through feed, water, droppings, infected birds.

Sources of infection can be insects, people, tools. Treatment of coccidiosis in broilers should be carried out as quickly as possible.

Patients with coccidiosis chickens

In chickens, coccidiosis is caused by pathogens, Eimeria tenella. Pathogens enter the intestines of birds along with contaminated feed or water. For 2-3 days they affect the intestinal mucosa.

The result is bloating, the formation of necrosis and hemorrhage.

In the body of individuals nutrients are no longer absorbed, there is an accumulation of harmful substances that cause complete poisoning of the body.

Together with the feces of the sick bird come out the oocyststhat gets to feed, water, bedding. As a result, oocysts are eaten by other healthy individuals, and the disease spreads to all poultry. As a result, individuals completely die.

Coccidiosis in chickens and chickens is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, preventive measures should be aimed at preventing infection to combat harmful bacteria that exist in the body of birds.

Be sure to remember the following recommendations, which are carried out during prophylaxis for coccidiosis:

  • Due to the fact that low temperatures and environmental conditions do not affect coccidia, walls and work tools better burn a soldering iron, it will ensure the complete destruction of pathogens,
  • Litter for birds should always be in dry condition,
  • In the feed you need to add saltcrushed seashells. These components will prevent the occurrence of infection,
  • Vaccination against coccidiosis. It strengthens the immune system and increases the body's resistance to infections, including coccidiosis.

Coccidiosis in chickens and chickens is a serious infectious disease that affects individuals over a short period. The disadvantage of this infection is that in the initial stages it doesn’t show itself at all, sometimes it is possible not to know about the presence of this disease in chickens and chickens.

Vaccination of Chickens for Coccidiosis

Therefore, it is better to secure your bird farm in advance. Starting from the first day of life, chicks should be prevented with anti-coccidiosis drugs.

Prevention will help prevent the disease, as well as strengthen the immune system and increase the body's resistance to coccidiosis..

Now you know about the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens at home and do your best to save your bird.

Coccidiosis in chickens: causes, treatment, prevention

Chicken coccidiosis is a parasitic, infectious disease. The disease is an epidemic.

It quickly spreads in the hen house, especially among young stock, and takes almost 80% of the poultry population. The most important thing is to notice the symptoms of the disease in time and take action.

Coccidiosis can also be prevented by pre-vaccinating the young and following proper poultry housing standards.

Treat or slaughter sick chicken meat?

This disease - the scourge of many poultry farms. Coccidiosis in chickens, in contrast to young animals, is more often chronic. Such birds cannot reproduce high-grade offspring, they are permanent carriers of the infection.

Any deterioration in the content may be accompanied by loss of weight and egg production of sick chickens. They can de-multiply and even die. It is believed that these birds do not make sense to treat.

It is better, when they are still in good weight, to beat them for meat, and to disinfect the chicken coop.

If you decide to breed a bird, then you should not buy an adult. It can be a chronic carrier of parasites. Coccidiosis in chickens is so dangerous that it cannot be determined by an external examination of an adult bird.

It is necessary to inquire about the farm in which you want to purchase breeding material, how well it is for diseases. For breeding it is better to buy a breeding egg or chickens.

To prevent chickens from getting sick, they need to vaccinate or prevent coccidiosis.

Emiriosis (coccidiosis) in chickens is a disease that causes great economic damage to poultry farms around the world. Even if we exclude the deaths of young animals, the maintenance of such a bird is a disadvantage.

The bird consumes food, as usual, but does not grow, practically does not gain weight, and the hens stop laying eggs. It is almost impossible to completely cure such a livestock, it is easier to score and replace it with healthy young.

Chickens have various parasitic diseases, one of which is coccidiosis caused by coccidia. Coccidia have 11 species, the most common are called "Eimeria tenella." Therefore, coccidiosis is also called emiriosis.

Coccidia enter the intestines of a bird with contaminated feed and water. For several days, they completely infect the intestines of the bird, causing it to swell and hemorrhage.

Nutrients cease to be absorbed by the body, toxins accumulate, causing poisoning. Oocysts with feces come out, falling on the litter, in the troughs and feeders.

They are eaten by another bird and the disease spreads quickly. If time does not begin treatment, the chickens may die.

The greatest contamination occurs when the bird is crowded, the litter is dirty and high humidity is present, as well as poor-quality feed.

Poultry chickens often become ill as soon as they are released for free-range walking. Eating grass and worms, they swallow coccidian oocysts.

Bacteria parasites 9 or more months remain viable and, getting into the stomach of chickens, begin to multiply rapidly. Most of the infection on the runs occurs in rainy warm weather.

Chickens bring parasites on dirty paws, from paws they fall on the litter, in water and feed. Particularly affected are chickens with shaggy legs.

Coccidiosis in chickens: symptoms

Sick birds look dull and depressed. They mostly sit in the same place, lounging and closing their eyes. The chickens have lost their appetite, but they continue to drink water avidly.

The feces become frequent, fluid, frothy and interspersed with blood. Feather around cloaca dirty from feces. In the beak accumulates volatile saliva. In severe cases, seizures and paralysis of the limbs may begin.

When slaughtering and death of the bird, the skin is noticeably bluish. Since before her death, she suffers from severe anemia.

Errors of poultry breeders

Many parasitic diseases of chickens develop in subsidiary amateur farms.

The fact is that in industrial poultry farms the bird is mainly grafted and kept in cages. Only breeding stock is located on the floor for ease of insemination.

The bird is not used for a long time, there is a constant updating of the herd.

In amateur farms the bird is mainly found on the floor of the shed and on the runs (free and enclosures). Tribal lives for several years. The sick bird is most often tried to be cured, and when it recovers, they continue to keep feeding it. And get from her already weakened offspring.

The bedding in the shed where the bird is kept rarely changes, often just a layer of dry substrate is added on top. Thus, both the shed, and the open-air cage, and walking are most often infected with oocysts, and the breeding herd is a hotbed of coccidiosis.

Amateur pullers are often purchased by pullets. Since coccidiosis mainly affects chickens from 10 days of age to 4.5 months, the livestock to be acquired is at risk.

Molodok buy profitable, because after a month they begin to rush, and for the winter, you can slaughter them for meat.

But often, having bought beautiful chickens, buyers become very disappointed in a week. First, perfectly healthy youngsters start to hurt, sit on their feet, become lethargic and eat poorly.

The owners begin to treat them, but the treated hens still remain carriers of the infection.

Why are the chickens sick?

Over the years, poultry farmers have been using the same barn, a chicken hen cage, or a walking yard for keeping chickens. Also feeders, drinkers and other equipment are carriers of infection.

Many do not even think that before importing a new bird, everything needs to be processed, completely cleaned out the shed and replaced all litter, as well as the troughs and feeders.

In some poultry farmers, a new bird is planted in an old, already infected one, and then they wonder why the young are ill.

In such situations, there are frequent cases of mass death of young animals. Failure to comply with the norms of content ultimately affects, and the limit of the content of coccidian oocysts causes an epidemic of coccidiosis.

Treatment of coccidiosis in chickens

Treatment of coccidiosis in adult chickens is unprofitable. It is possible to cure sick chickens, but they will remain carriers of the infection, so it’s better to slaughter them for meat right away.

It is necessary to treat young growth, which showed signs of coccidiosis.

But after reaching the desired weight, it is also better to score for meat, and not to use for breeding.

Rich breeding experience recommends methods to prevent disease.

Prevention of coccidiosis in chickens

  • The first rule is to keep the young stock separately from the adult bird.
  • Before the release of chickens and pullets in an open-air cage or on free-range, as well as on the floor of the barn should be carried out preparatory treatment. It is necessary to remove all the old litter and disinfect. Lay new, clean and dry straw or sawdust.
  • It is best to disinfect the room by burning the walls, floors and equipment with a blowtorch, but the main thing is not to make a fire.
  • Feeders and drinkers are well treated with disinfectants and boiling water.
  • To monitor the quality of feed and the purity of water in drinking bowls.
  • Chickens should be kept in cages with a mesh floor for as long as possible so that the droppings fall into the trays.

After the youngsters are released on the floor or in an open-air cage, it is necessary to carry out drug prevention on the 5th day.

To do this, it is best to use "Baykoks" or "Interokoks". Means to dissolve at the rate of 3 mg per 1 liter of water. Before the evening, the bird is not allowed to drink, and in the early morning to pour the treatment solution into the water bowl. Before lunch, chickens should drink everything.

There are tools that are mixed into the food. But here it is impossible to trace which bird ate as much. It is better to use water-soluble drugs.

The second time the medicine is given 25 days after the first dose. Next, young animals are given a diluted preparation for prophylaxis after rains, when the weather is wet and warm.

These drugs do not inhibit the immunity of chickens. With such care and timely intake of drugs, the bird practically does not get sick. Such chickens do not need to be treated, the breeding herd will always be healthy.

As can be seen from the above, the main thing in the content of poultry is the purity and on time these drugs. Never leave a recovered bird on a tribe. Sick adult chickens are best slaughtered for meat.

Aviary content of poultry

With aviary content more likely that the bird does not get sick with coccidiosis. Aviary for chickens can be done with a wooden floor and with walking on the ground.

And in fact, and in another case, it is better to use the litter, so that you can change the old and dirty to a new, dry and clean. Aviaries come with or without a roof. With a canopy, of course, better.

No dampness when it rains, chicks will not be dragged away by crows, and on a hot day they need shade.

Aviary for chickens is necessary not only so that they do not bring an infection from outside. He protects them from predators. In addition, chickens in the wild can climb into the garden and mess things up.

And the litter all over the yard and on the porch is also unpleasant.

And in the aviary chickens get the necessary sunlight, fresh air and at the same time do not interfere with anyone and are protected.

Rearing

So many diseases around that the question arises of how to raise chickens without loss? It is no secret that chickens, like all babies, need warmth, cleanliness and high-quality food. As well as vaccination and prevention of coccidiosis by drugs.

Currently, the question of how to raise chickens from the age of a week does not cause much difficulty. One of the main conditions is to maintain good immunity in chicks. For this you need vitamins and trace elements.

Now special bioadditives are produced for feeding chickens and young hens, which in certain proportions are poured into feed. This is “Chicken-chick” and “Sun”.

Premixes for chickens not only increase immunity, they quickly grow and develop from them.

Vaccinating Chicks

Vaccination of chickens at home is a fairly simple matter. Vaccinations for coccidiosis do in the age of up to 9 days. Now very popular vaccine "Avikoks."

Chickens can feed it with food or drink with water. The main thing with vaccination is to check the expiration date of the drug, comply with the norms and write down the batch number and the number of vaccinations.

Bottles of the drug must be disposed of. Vaccination is done once, it lasts for a lifetime.

Coccidiosis in chickens - treatment and prevention of the disease

Chick coccidiosis is a serious problem for industrial poultry farms. It is impossible to eradicate the disease completely in practice, therefore the program for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis is constantly operating in large poultry farms.

Do I need to take measures to prevent this disease in the rural farmstead, and how is it better to do this?

Disease characteristic

Coccidiosis, or eymerioz - a parasitic disease caused by the simplest unicellular organisms - ameriyemi.

They multiply in the intestines, causing a violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane, inflammation and intestinal bleeding.

Because of the destruction of the mucous membrane and the fall of immunity, bacterial infections such as colibacillosis, salmonellosis, clostridiosis, and others may join to coccidiosis.

Only with sufficiently large chickens can you pay attention to the development of the disease.

All types of animals are susceptible to coccidiosis. But the peculiarity of the Eimeria is that they parasitize strictly on one biological species.

So, coccidia that cause disease in chickens are not able to reproduce in the intestines of quails or geese. Get rid of coccidia completely impossible.

The fact is that the parasite spends part of the breeding cycle in the external environment in the form of a microscopic capsule - oocysts, which are extremely resistant to negative effects.

In addition, coccidia are very prolific - one cell can produce up to 2 million descendants in 7-10 days. Conventional disinfectants do not affect coccidia.

Oocysts are stored in the litter, crevices of the floor and walls, on feeders and drinkers. You can bring them into the house on the sole of the shoe, with inventory or material for nests.

In chickens, several species of coccidia parasitize, six of them are most important for poultry health. Each type of parasite lives in a certain part of the intestine, causing corresponding lesions. The most susceptible to invasion are chickens between the ages of 10 and 90 days.

Symptoms of coccidiosis

The disease occurs in acute and subacute form.

The acute clinical course is characterized by the following clinical symptoms:

  • oppression,
  • loss of appetite
  • thirst,
  • ruffled plumage
  • wobbly walk,
  • diarrhea with mucus, orange or red inclusions, sometimes dark cherry or black because of the blood contained in the feces.

An indirect sign of coccidiosis can be the condition of the litter - it becomes sticky and moist.

Mortality depends on the age of chickens and the type of eimeria that caused the disease.

Typically, mortality is a few percent, but can reach up to 70-80% in chickens affected by cocooned like "tenella" and "nekatriks."

“Bloody diarrhea” is a characteristic symptom, but in some cases it may be absent.

Chick coccidiosis often occurs in a latent form, especially in laying hens.

The bird loses weight, gains weight poorly, reduces productivity, broilers do not reach the desired weight, react badly to improving the quality of food, stimulation with vitamins and other additives.

The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical signs, data of autopsy opening and examination of litter and scraping from the intestinal mucosa under a microscope.

Detection of single oocysts in the field of view is not a basis for diagnosis, since a certain amount of aimeria will always be found in the gut of chickens.

Sometimes coccidiosis can be suspected only by the therapeutic effect in the case of the use of premix with coccidiostatics.

Under the conditions of cell housing, practiced in most Russian large farms, it is simpler to identify the first symptoms of coccidiosis in chickens: everything is visible.

Treatment and Prevention

Prevention of coccidiosis is the observance of zootechnical rules for keeping poultry. The development of the disease contribute to the crowded content, wet litter, low-quality food.

For specific prophylaxis use special medical drugs - coccidiostatics. They are introduced into the feed in small doses. When are such measures necessary? Preventing the disease is necessary if:

  • on the compound earlier there were cases of death of chickens from coccidiosis,
  • the disease causes serious trouble - the death of a bird, a decrease in weight gain, a drop in egg production, clear signs of bowel damage (diarrhea),
  • it is necessary to significantly increase the productivity of poultry on high-quality, balanced feed.

If chickens are kept in cages, then you can not worry about coccidiosis - in such conditions it will not cause problems.

How to treat and prevent coccidiosis in chickens? There are two types of coccidiostatics.

In the conditions of a private farmstead, they are given for the treatment of the acute stage of the disease: they act quickly and kill all coccidia in the intestine. It is not recommended to give chemical coccidiostats for prophylaxis, as they exclude the possibility of the formation of immunity to the disease.

It is best to drink them with water, buying liquid forms of drugs. Compared with the other group, chemical coccidiostats are more toxic, so the instructions for use should be carefully followed.

This group includes (active substance): amprolium, robenidin, totlazuril, diclazuril, nicarbazine.

Act more gently, getting used to them develops longer. They are used for the prevention of disease. This group includes: salinomycin, monensin, narasin, maduramycin, lasalocid.

If used improperly, coccidiostatics cause inhibition of the bird, decreased appetite and increased thirst. There are cases of poisoning chickens with monensin, robenidine, salinomycin and other drugs. This is possible with increasing dosage or uneven mixing of the drug with food.

For the prevention of the disease, you can use ready-made premixes containing coccidiostats - medicinal premixes. They can be prepared independently in the conditions of a rural monastery. We will tell about how to make a healing premix with your own hands in a separate article.

Polnoratsionny compound feed, which is made for feeding birds in poultry farms, as a rule, already contains coccidiostatic - its name can be found in the quality certificate for the products.

Coccidiostats are addictive, that is, over time, the drug will act less effectively. It is recommended to change the active substance about once every two years.

There is another way to specifically prevent ameriosis - the use of live vaccines at an early age. But this is an expensive method and it is relevant only for large breeding farms.

Drug review

In total there are a little more than 10 coccidiostatics. But each company produces medicine with its trade name. There are a lot of them.

What drugs to give preference? In this market segment it is better to focus on imported products. Manufacturers of Huvepharma and Bioovet, Bulgaria, Bayer, Germany, Krka, Slovenia, Vetbiochem, Stavropol, Biofarm, Ukraine have well recommended themselves.

As for the active substance, the most widely used coccidiostatic is salinomycin.

It is the active ingredient of the following drugs:

  • Bio-coke 12% (granulate to be added to feed),
  • Salinopharm 12%,
  • Koktsisan,
  • Sakox 12%.

In the second place is monensin:

  • Pulcox 10% or 20%,
  • Monlar 10% or 20%,
  • Elancoban,
  • Elankogran 10%.

Attention! Monensin should not be given to laying hens! He also has incompatibility with a number of other drugs - tiamulin, sulfonamides, some antibiotics.

This is followed by narasin and diclazuril:

Healing Premixes

Of the finished therapeutic premix selection is small. They are mainly focused on industrial poultry farming and are produced in large vitamin factories.

You can buy them in bulk, and packing in a bag is 20-30 kg.

If there is such a plant in your area, then perhaps it produces a small amount of small packaging for farmers.

More often, coccidiostats are added not to the premix, but already to the finished feed.

For rapid relief of coccidiosis outbreaks, use of Totlazuril or Amprolium based drugs:

  • Intracox
  • Baycox 2.5 and 5%,
  • Amprolium 20 and 100%,
  • Koktsidiovit,
  • Himkokkokd.

Photos of packaging Koktsidiovita (10 grams) produced by JSC "Krasnodarzoovetsnab." (click to enlarge)

To achieve a therapeutic effect, the drugs are sucked in with water for 3-5 days. With the introduction of coccidiostatics in the feed for the prevention of this should be done constantly, starting after 10 days of age and eliminating giving the drug a week before the expected date of slaughter.

Coccidiosis: symptoms of parasitic infection and treatment of chickens and chickens

Coccidiosis is the leader among parasitic diseases in the poultry industry. The problem is geese, turkeys, ducks and other birds.

But more chickens suffer. It is in chickens that infection occurs massively and most often.

The problem gives farmers a lot of inconvenience, so the topic is always relevant.

Characteristic of the disease

Coccidiosis - a parasitic infectious disease of an epidemic nature caused by coccidia. The most common type of coccidia is Eimeria Tenella. Outside of a living organism, eimeria is located in a capsule, which is called an oocysts, it protects it from adverse environmental conditions. Therefore, we can assume that the parasite is very tenacious. Being in such conditions, the parasite can not multiply. Oocysts enter the body through feed and water. His habitat is intestines. Once there, the oocysts collapse and release Eimeria, which begins to multiply and release toxins that traumatize the intestinal mucosa. The disease spreads rapidly among other chickens, as the infected chicken, along with the feces, exudes the Nazis to the external environment.

The course of the disease and symptoms

Coccidiosis occurs in two forms:

  • acute,
  • subacute.

Characteristic symptoms for the acute form:

  • lethargy,
  • thirst,
  • decrease or lack of appetite
  • mucus in its beak,
  • first, frothy diarrhea, then blood streaks appear.

If you do not resort to treatment, the bird is subject to the following conditions:

  • rapid weight loss
  • anemia and as a result cyanosis of the skin,
  • convulsions
  • paralysis
  • death.

Diagnostics

Most often, in order to make a diagnosis, it is sufficient to evaluate the external manifestations in the stools and the behavior of the bird. Also for the diagnosis using a bacterioscopic method that detects the presence of eimeria in the biological fluid of a bird using a microscope. It is necessary to know that the presence of a small amount of ameri is normal for chickens.

Medicines

Apply cocdiostatic drugs. They inhibit the reproduction of the virus in the body. Examples of effective drugs today:

  1. Solicox - solution is active against various types of coccidia. Dosage: 2 ml of the substance to 1 liter of water.

  1. Salinopharm 12% is an antibiotic, the release form is granulated powder. Active against all types of coccidia.
  2. Baykoks 2,5% - transparent solution. Dosage: 1 ml per 1 liter of water. Feed this volume for 2 days.
  3. Amprolium is a white, odorless powder. Dosage: 0.25 g per 1 kg of feed. Feed during the week.
  4. Biopharm
  5. Koktsidiovit - used to treat chickens and layers. Dosage: 2.5 g of powder per 1 kg of feed, feed for 5-7 days.
  6. Biovet.
  7. Bayer

Traditional methods of treatment

Chemicals are used to treat coccidiosis by folk methods. Such as iodine, sulfur, arsenic preparations. Consider the three most effective methods:

  1. Treatment with iodine. 0.01% iodine solution is given to the bird, 2 ml per day from birth to 40 days. And 5 ml from 40 days to 60.
  2. Treatment with sulfur. Within 14 days, 2% sulfur must be added to the feed.

Vaccination

Vaccination can be done both at the veterinary clinic and at home. Chickens can be vaccinated from 9 days of life. Today, the vaccine "Avioks" is popular. It is added to food or water, and fed to the chicken. Immunity from coccidiosis is developed for life.

Signs and symptoms of coccidiosis

To begin with, let's look at what coccidosis is in birds. This is an infectious disease that is often found in the poultry industry. The causative agents of infection are coccidia. They enter the body of birds through food, water, equipment. There are several types of pathogens for this infection. In chickens, coccidiosis causes one type of bacterium, Eimeria Tenella.

But you should pay attention to the following signs and symptoms of coccidosis in chickens:

  1. Poor appetite or no appetite.,
  2. Modification of plumage,
  3. Laying hens begin to carry less eggs or completely cease to nest,
  4. Fecal masses acquire a liquid consistency, foam and blood impurities appear,
  5. Carcasses of birds acquire a bluish tint.

These symptoms last 4 days, and then the birds die. In chickens, the stomach is in a swollen state and is filled with liquid feces with red dots. It is worth paying attention to another symptom - the processes in the intestine. They look like an inflated glove.

Coccidiosis Chicken

How to treat

If chickens have these symptoms, then it is safe to say that individuals have coccidiosis. In this case immediately start treating coccidosis in chickens and chickens. Treat coccidiosis can be different drugs, each of them affects the infectious agents and as a result leads to their death.

Consider the types of drugs that treat coccidiosis.

Chick peculiarities

Coccidiosis in broiler chickens is particularly dangerous. The causative agents of the disease - coccidia, develop and multiply in the intestines of individuals and lead to the death of epithelial cells. As a result, the integrity of the intestinal wall structure is disturbed, and necrosis occurs. Further, there is a violation of peristalsis and absorption, in the end it causes a lack of nutrients and leads to hungry edema.

In these conditions, 2-3 days are sufficient for full maturation of the pathogen. The causes of the appearance of the disease is a change of feed, stressful situations. That is why it is important to know how and what to treat coccidiosis in chickens.

Broiler Features

Coccidiosis is dangerous for broilers, especially for young stock. The course of the disease is fast and in a few days it affects a large number of individuals. The development of bacteria occurs in the intestine and in 2-3 days the amount of coccidia can reach up to several thousand. As a result, the bird becomes sluggish, its appetite is lost, the structure of the feathers is disturbed.I. Nutrient absorption is disturbed, it all leads to hungry edema and death of broilers.

Sources of infection can be insects, people, tools. Treatment of coccidiosis in broilers should be carried out as quickly as possible.

Patients with coccidiosis chickens

Features in adult chickens

In chickens, coccidiosis is caused by pathogens, Eimeria tenella. Pathogens enter the intestines of birds along with contaminated feed or water. For 2-3 days they affect the intestinal mucosa. The result is bloating, the formation of necrosis and hemorrhage. In the body of individuals nutrients are no longer absorbed, there is an accumulation of harmful substances that cause complete poisoning of the body.

Together with the feces of the sick bird come out the oocyststhat gets to feed, water, bedding. As a result, oocysts are eaten by other healthy individuals, and the disease spreads to all poultry. As a result, individuals completely die.

Chemical

In the conditions of a private farmstead, they are given for the treatment of the acute stage of the disease: they act quickly and kill all coccidia in the intestine. It is not recommended to give chemical coccidiostats for prophylaxis, as they exclude the possibility of the formation of immunity to the disease. It is best to drink them with water, buying liquid forms of drugs. Compared with the other group, chemical coccidiostats are more toxic, so the instructions for use should be carefully followed. This group includes (active substance): amprolium, robenidin, totlazuril, diclazuril, nicarbazine.

Act more gently, getting used to them develops longer. They are used for the prevention of disease. This group includes: salinomycin, monensin, narasin, maduramycin, lasalocid.

If used improperly, coccidiostatics cause inhibition of the bird, decreased appetite and increased thirst. There are cases of poisoning chickens with monensin, robenidine, salinomycin and other drugs. This is possible with increasing dosage or uneven mixing of the drug with food.

For the prevention of the disease, you can use ready-made premixes containing coccidiostats - medicinal premixes. They can be prepared independently in the conditions of a rural monastery. We will tell about how to make a healing premix with your own hands in a separate article.

Polnoratsionny compound feed, which is made for feeding birds in poultry farms, as a rule, already contains coccidiostatic - its name can be found in the quality certificate for the products.

There is another way to specifically prevent ameriosis - the use of live vaccines at an early age. But this is an expensive method and it is relevant only for large breeding farms.

What is this disease

Coccidiosis - one of the parasitic diseases, which cause the simplest single-celled organisms - Eimeria. The area of ​​their reproduction is the intestine, while the integrity of the mucous membranes is disturbed, the inflammatory process begins and intestinal bleeding begins. Due to the fact that mechanical damage to the mucous membranes occurs and immunity is significantly reduced, the illness can provoke the appearance of bacterial infections such as colibacillosis, salmonellosis and clostridiosis.

Absolutely all animals are susceptible to coccidiosis. However, the feature of parasites is that they can parasitize exclusively on one species. For example, coccidia, which are the causative agents of the disease in chickens, are not capable of breeding geese and quails in the intestines. Due to the fact that a large amount of time the habitat of the parasite is the external environment, it has resistance to many negative influences, and it is very difficult to get rid of it. Coccidia are distinguished by good fertility - in about 7-10 days, about 2 million descendants are produced by a single cell.

Causes

The main sources of infection include:

In contaminated food, the bacteria multiply easily, and in this way it can quickly enter the bird's body. This is the path of penetration of bacteria occurs most often. When free-range birds come along, they usually eat directly from the ground. Thus, there is a slight penetration of microorganisms into the stomach, where their further reproduction takes place.

However, everything can become complicated if the pack lives in one cage and, accordingly, eats from the same feeder. In this situation, most often we will talk about mass diseases, which are quite difficult to overcome. By the same principle, the disease spreads through the water.

Laying as a source of bacteria can be considered if infected chickens left their litter on it. Lack of timely harvesting, as well as rare replacements of hay, allow bacteria to quickly spread to other layers.

The first symptoms and course of the disease

There are two forms of the disease: acute and subacute.

In the acute course of the disease, the following symptoms are observed:

  • the depressed state of the bird,
  • poor appetite
  • constant thirst
  • ruffled feathers
  • the bird staggers when walking,
  • the presence of diarrhea with elements of mucus, there may be orange or red inclusions.
The presence of the disease can be determined by the condition of the litter - it will be sticky and damp. Mortality is influenced by the age of chickens and the types of eymeri that caused the ailment. Most often, the mortality rate is kept at a level of several percent, but in some cases it can be 70-80%.

With coccidiosis, the chicken becomes lethargic, skin blueness is possible. The disease is accompanied by loss of bird weight, decrease in productivity. Typically, broilers can not reach the required weight, are indifferent to other, better feed, do not respond to stimulation with the use of vitamins and other additives.

Veterinary drugs

For therapeutic purposes, the use of coccidiostatic drugs that suppress the development of parasites is common. We offer you a list of drugs and the recommended dosage.

  1. "Amprolium." The therapeutic dose is 0.25 g per 1 kg of feed for 5-7 days. In order to prevent the dose is 125 mg per 1 kg of food. Chicks are given from birth to 17 weeks.
  2. Baycox. Apply in diluted form. The dosage is 1 ml of 2.5% drug per 1 liter of water. This volume of fluid must be boiled out within 2 days. For the purpose of prophylaxis, in 1 liter of water it is necessary to dilute 0.5 ml of 2.5% of the preparation and water the bird once a day.
  3. Sulfadimezin. Give a sick bird at the rate of 1 mg per 1 kg of food. The course of treatment is 3 days. For prevention do not use.
  4. "Koktsidiovit". In order to prevent 1.25 g of the drug must be mixed with 1 kg of food, and the therapeutic dose is 2.5 g. The course of treatment is 7 days.
  5. "Avatek 15% SS". Mixed with feed at the rate of 5 g per 10 kg of food. It is recommended to give the medicine from the moment of birth of the bird and stop it 5 days before its slaughter.

Folk remedies

We offer to get acquainted with some popular ways of dealing with the disease.

  1. The use of iodine. Iodine in the form of a solution is recommended to give before the morning meal. To do this, it should be diluted in water at a concentration of 0.01%. Dosage from birth to 40 days is 2 ml per bird, 40-60th day - 5 ml.
  2. Use of sulfur. To the daily feed rate, add 2% sulfur. Feeding is carried out for a maximum of 2 weeks; if the specified period is exceeded, rickets may occur.
  3. Using "Osarola". The drug is dissolved in the feed and given to chickens according to the calculation: 10 g per 1 kg of bird weight. The resulting dose is divided into 2 times and give throughout the day. The therapeutic course is 5 days. After that, you need to take a break for 3 days and repeat the course 4 times.

Preventive measures

In order to protect the bird from coccidiosis, you should follow these guidelines:

  • Twice a week it is necessary to clean the drinkers, feed containers, bedding, walls and the floor of the chicken coop,
  • after each feeding it is necessary to remove food from the feeder,
  • once a week it is worth cleaning the territory for walking,
  • it is important to settle the bird of different ages, as it is characterized by the presence of different immunities,
  • choose food with a high percentage of vitamins and minerals to ensure the formation and maintenance of immunity of birds,
  • place a container in the hen house in which there will be gravel, shell rock, chalk and salt.
  • Timely vaccinate the bird, perform its vaccination on the recommendation of a veterinarian.

Watch the video: How to Prevent and Treat Coccidiosis in Chickens (October 2019).

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