Today we will talk about whether it is possible to grow hot peppers on the windowsill. Growing peppers is actually an easy task, but at home there will always be fresh peppers for cooking “with a twinkle”. Pay attention, we want one of the many types of hot pepper "Little Miracle", which was bred in Holland. Its peculiarity is its compact size and active fruiting, which is especially important for a pet "pet." Moreover, peppers can be of different colors, which allows the plant to play a decorative role in the home interior.
Ways to use hot pepper
The fruits of this plant are widely used mainly for culinary purposes and the medical field. Already ripe peppers insist in alcohol, which is used for radiculitis and rheumatism, as well as various lumbar pains.
In order to grow fruitful hot pepper on your windowsill, you must follow a number of rules.
Seeding of seed material is carried out in February, for which you should prepare a container for two liters. He pre-poured boiling water, and at the bottom of the layer of drainage is organized. For these purposes, it is better to use expanded clay, but crushed stone or charcoal is quite suitable. Then a mixture of humus, leaf earth and sand is poured. A better proportion is considered - 5: 3: 2, respectively. In addition to the container, the soil is boiled over with boiling water to get rid of unwanted bacteria and harmful microorganisms. Seeds deepen to a depth of no more than one - one and a half centimeters, previously soaked in water.
For better germination it is necessary to provide a greenhouse effect, for which the container with the planted seeds is covered with a film or glass.
It is necessary to choose a warm place, then after a few days the first germs will appear above the surface. Picks need to be carried out after the appearance of these leaves.
To form a beautiful ornamental shrub, it is recommended to pinch the top when the plant reaches twenty-centimeter height.
Hot pepper requires regular watering and feeding, then he will surely please you with a bountiful harvest.
If you live in northern latitudes, then it is better to use spring days to ripen the harvest. In this case, the plant should be sown in the autumn, not allowing it to grow in winter due to uncomfortable conditions. For this purpose, the container should be kept on the south or east window, and by spring the bush will surely bloom and bring sharp burning fruits.
After the harvest is removed, the plant pleases with repeated flowering, throwing out a few shoots. If you managed to harvest the first harvest in the spring, then in the fall you have a chance to do it again. Moreover, the autumn harvest will be richer by half.
The main secret of this yield is sowing seeds just before winter, and by the growing season the plant already has a fairly powerful root system. Once the entire crop is harvested, the plant should not be thrown away. We recommend at the beginning of winter to transplant it into a new soil, cut off the old shoots by fifty percent and put it on the sunny side. After such preparation, you will again have a fruiting plant.
Some recommend not to engage in picking seedlings, because they are quite painful to tolerate it. At the same time, the transshipment process is quite tolerable. For this reason, you can simply remove weak shoots, giving room for growth to the well-grown sprouts. You should also monitor the root system, not losing the moment of its germination out.
The best way to grow seedlings will be peat briquettes, from which they are already transshipping into larger pots. The height of the latter must be at least thirty - fifty centimeters. Prerequisite is a good layer of drainage.
In some cases, the plant will need support to keep the branches from being heavy from the fruits. It is recommended to prevent infection from spider mites by regularly spraying the bush with warm water.
If the task is to get the maximum yield of hot peppers at home, then you need to try to grow two trunks, which can be done during the nipping period. Each stem must contain one strong shoot, while the weak are simply removed. For effective pollination is recommended to shake the bush sometimes.
At its core, hot pepper is a perennial plant that can bear fruit for five years. Some manage to grow in the same way and get very real sweet pepper.
Features of growing
For planting you will need a nutrient mixture mixed with compost and humus. Additional useful components will be the leaf earth, river sand and peat. Seeds do not require deepening, but are scattered over the surface, after which they can be slightly sprinkled with earth.
After two weeks, the first shoots will appear, which then have to be pinched to form a bush. Prerequisites are the introduction of organic matter, the provision of sufficient light and regular watering.
Hot pepper in the flowering period is covered with small white flowers that add decoration to the plant. After harvesting the first harvest, do not forget to transplant into a new soil, carefully working with the root system.
What can not be done growing hot peppers on the windowsill:
• Pour over the plant or water it with cold water,
• Pinch the central root, the recommendation of which can be found in some publications,
• throw away the plant with the appearance of pests,
• dry out hot peppers without sprinkling them,
• Limit daylight hours.
Use hot pepper
The indoor version of hot pepper allows you to get not only a decorative enjoyment of a beautiful plant, but also to use the fruit for its intended purpose. Hot peppers are used to make hot spices and sauces, and are also used in the preservation process. You should know that the hot pepper perfectly raises the appetite, and the combination of spicy and fresh borsch - dawned on many gourmets!
Do not forget that hot pepper has medicinal properties. Healing tinctures based on it allow you to deal with digestive disorders, radiculitis or nervous conditions. However, if you suffer from diseases of the liver or pancreas, then use hot peppers is not recommended.
Proper cultivation of pepper Spark on the windowsill
There are not so many plants in the world that can feel great both on the summer cottage and on the window sill. And at the same time they not only serve as an excellent decoration of the room, but also delight with their taste. One of these plants is a hot pepper light, which can be planted in a pot.
Pepper of Light is a perennial plant, which appeared due to the interbreeding of Chilean and Cayenne varieties. He is from Mexico, and his taste became known to Europeans thanks to Columbus.
To grow a plant on your windowsill is not at all difficult. Under favorable conditions, pepper can live about 6 years.
Pepper throws out its flowering in spring, and at the end of summer it has fruits. However, one can often observe how it blossoms and bears fruit at the same time.
Flowers pepper Spark
The fruits on it are perfectly formed and without cross-pollination, but if you take a soft brush and carry pollen, the crop will be much richer.
Some gardeners recommend blooming peppers to shake well, so that it pollinates well.
With proper care, you can achieve an excellent yield, even up to 100 pieces. And the plant bears fruit year round.
Pepper light has a lot of advantages:
- it can be grown both in the garden and at home on the windowsill,
- depending on the sort he different in shape and color,
- not only pleases the eye, but also gives great taste to your dishes,
- due to the content of a complex of vitamins, health benefits,
- if in the winter he is provided with artificial lighting, then he will bear fruit year-round.
The disadvantages of the variety include the fact that the light:
- does not tolerate direct sunlight, but the place of its dwelling must be at the same time light,
- does not love heat, cold and wind,
- when grown in a greenhouse, it is also necessary to regulate heat and light.
Pepper the Spark differs in a form and color
In order for the pepper to grow strong and healthy, it is necessary, first of all, to choose the right soil for it and correctly select the seeds.
The most suitable soil for the plant will be that which consists of the following components:
These substances are taken in equal amounts and added to them. a quarter of the sand.
So, with the soil decided, now you need to choose the right seeds. To do this, we collect in the water tank and soak the seeds in it for a day. Those that emerge, throw away, and use the rest for landing.
It is necessary to plant seeds in early spring. Sow them into a moist soil to a depth of no more than 1 cm. At the same time, the room must be maintained at a temperature of about 24 degrees. After 10 days, the pepper should germinate.
Pepper seeds Spark
Emerging seedlings put in a bright place with a temperature of about 20 degrees. When the plant throws out the first leaves, it is transplanted, and after 60 days the light is either planted in a separate pot, or on a bed.
If you stick to the recommendations, then with growing you have no problems.
Be sure to follow the rules of watering. There is no need to allow the soil to dry out. The fire is watered regularly, but weakly copiously, since an excess of moisture can lead to rotting of the roots.
As for fertilizers, they need to be made at the time of transplantation. It must be organic matter. And during the growing season, phosphorus-potassium supplements are applied every 2 weeks.
When fertilizing plants, the main thing is not to overdo it. If top dressings contain a large amount of nitrogen, the light may not even bloom.
The first harvest after sowing seeds can already be harvested in 2-3 months.
The first harvest can be collected in 2-3 months
If the light grows on the window sill, then it should definitely Replace every 2 or 3 years in a bigger pot. In this case, be sure to pay attention to the development of its root system.
As for breeding, the light is best grown from seed. How to do it is mentioned above. However, good results can be achieved with the help of grafting. In order for the stem to blossom it will take only one and a half month, and when it is propagated by seeds, such results will not be achieved.
To propagate by grafting, the following very simple steps are necessary:
- cut a twig and stick it in the soil
- water the plant and cover with foil.
After 7 days rooting will come.
Pepper light has a number of unique features and a beneficial effect on the human body:
- is he contains vitaminsthat improve the functioning of the brain, nervous and circulatory system.
- Interferes with the development of cancer cells.
- It should be eaten by people with diabetes and high cholesterol. This pepper is able to lower them.
- It is part of the useful medical tinctures.
Pepper the Light helps from diabetes
Do not abuse this pepper if you have liver or pancreas disease.Excessive use violates the work of these organs.
Pepper light is very hardy and resistant plant. It contains capsaicin, which is often used in the fight against all sorts of pests, because it is so easy not to overcome.
If the leaves of the plant turn pale or fall off completely, then you should not immediately panic and think about the fact that the pepper has fallen ill or has become a victim of some pests. He can just not enough daylightand he decided to go to sleep. With an increase in the day the plant will return to normal, or it can be helped in this case by providing artificial lighting.
As for pests, then lovers of this kind of delicacies include spider mite and aphid. To pick up these parasites the chances increase in those plants that first grew in the garden, and then moved to the window.
Spider mite on pepper Spark
However, getting rid of spider mites or aphids is not at all difficult. To do this, you should use the following advice:
- Take a few peppercorns and skip through the meat grinder.
- The resulting mass is filled with water in the ratio of 1:10.
- Insist 24 hours.
- Strain through gauze.
- Add rubbed soap in the ratio of 1 tsp. on 1 l. water.
- Spray the plant with the resulting solution. every 5 days repeatedly.
So that the pepper does not become a victim of spider mites, it will be enough maintain air humidity. Since the mite likes a dry climate, regular spraying will surely scare him away.
Pepper light is a plant that will not leave indifferent any hostess, because who does not like to have a beautiful and healthy harvest on your window sill all year round.
How to care and properly grow hot pepper Fire on the windowsill
The high-yielding and compact indoor plant called “Pepper Spark” attracts the attention with bright and very tasty fruits. This variety of pepper is the most burning. This variety is actively used to treat colds. If you properly and properly take care of this plant at home, then it can bear fruit throughout the year.
The light is not only a vegetable crop, but also an original decorative element on your windowsill. In order to achieve high-quality harvest and a luxurious look over a long period, it is necessary to get acquainted with its features and know all the main agrotechnical techniques.
Reviews and comments: 7
Decorative indoor peppers are very beautiful. But the Black Pearl variety has surpassed them all - not only the fruits, but also the leaves change its color.
Before the first flowering, this pepper differs from its counterparts only in a barely perceptible purple tint on the edges of the leaves and on the stems. But the flowers are already surprising: they are usually white in pepper, and purple in the Black Pearl. Soon in place of the flowers appear ovaries, like black peas. At the same time, the foliage begins to darken, and the entire bush acquires a deep purple color. Fruits as ripening, on the contrary, brighten, becoming red. They are edible, fragrant, although very spicy.
The intensity of the color of the foliage depends on the light. Away from the window, the leaves remain practically green. Under the backlight or on the sunny window sill the foliage darkens. And if in the summer to bring a pot of pepper to the free air, to the direct sun, then the color becomes black and blue.
In general, the plant is not large, up to 20-30 cm. To make the bush look more magnificent, I plant 3 seedlings at once in a 3-liter pot. With good care pepper lives for several years. If it is not possible to provide illumination in winter, then arrange a period of rest with a minimum of irrigation, cutting off some of the green mass. In the spring feed, and the bush will again acquire a lush foliage.
Please help me, please, my pepper has faded and the whole tree gradually dried up, but I still water it, tell me it needs to be cut?
The bushes of hot, undersized pepper in the fall have been digging up a lump of earth for several years and transferring them to ceramic pots. So peppers continue to ripen.
I tried to transplant and sweet pepper. For the first time, the bush first seemed to stop, and then completely dried up by January. And last year it turned out: a low bush dug up with a lump of land before the frosts, transplanted into a small flower pot, pouring the compost. For a week he stood on the veranda, then took him home, where he watered moderately. In February bloomed. I planted it in the spring in the garden a little later than a new seedling — I was afraid it would drop fruits. But despite this, she peeled off peppers from him earlier, and there were no less of them than last season. I want to try to transplant eggplants. But they say they do not take root. But tomatoes have a chance: I heard that you can put the crown in the water after pinching or strong stepson, and how to take root - put in a box. Here you have a winter garden on the windowsill!
For many years I have been growing bitter pepper on the window. The pepper is small, but very sharp. You can grow it at any time of the year, even in winter it bears fruit well. I start growing it when all the gardening efforts are over. I sow seeds in a flatbed with fertile soil: ordinary garden soil, sand and humus in equal quantities. If I do not have humus, put the dried and chopped banana peel in the bottom of the pan. By the way, this is a very good fertilizer for indoor plants. Germination of pepper seeds is not 100%, so I sow 3-5 seeds, depending on the size of the bowl. If everything comes up, you can transplant to another pot, but I leave two plants in the pot.
Already in the middle of winter pepper begins to bloom. In order to better tied the fruit, I transfer the pollen from the flower to the flower with a soft brush, but this is not necessary, since a sufficient amount of fruit is tied: up to 40 pcs. on every plant.
This is the first wave of fruiting. Then the plant is resting a little. Before the second wave, I feed him a little with organic fertilizer. If dry sprigs remain on the pepper after the first fruiting, I prune them, but not much, because leaflets and buds will appear on them again. The second wave of fruiting gives at least 20 fruits.
A peppercake stands on my south window, for the summer I carry it outside or into the greenhouse, and there is no need for additional pollination. Pepper has been growing for 2 years, for it
time I collect so many peppers that I have enough for blanks for the next 2 years (I put half a pod in a 3-liter jar of tomatoes or cucumbers). I keep in a glass jar, pre-dried. I use small pieces of this pepper and for cooking the first and second courses - soup, borscht, goulash.
And this spring, I did not throw out my 2-year-old pepper, but took it to a greenhouse, put it in a corner, water it, feed it, and it gave me quite a decent harvest. In gratitude, I called him the Red Light. I don’t know the real name of my pepper, but I always admire the Red light when it burns in the winter on the windowsill against the background of white snow drifts outside the window.
Chilli pepper (Capsicum T annuum), despite its scientific specific name (in translation from Latin means one-year), is not a one-year-old, but a perennial plant.
Usually, most fans of ornamental plants get rid of the peppers that have bred and are growing new seeds from seeds every year. However, if the peppers create the most favorable conditions, provide competent care and annual spring pruning by 1/3 or even half, they are able to grow, bloom and bear fruit for 3-5 years.
To grow chilli peppers as a perennial plant in room conditions only makes sense if it is possible to provide it | favorable microclimatic conditions not only in summer, but also in winter.In order for the pepper not to grow in winter due to the lack of light j and not lose too many leaves, in the fall, when the fruiting period ends, it needs to be placed in the most light, but cool place with a temperature of + 12 ... + 15'C, and reduce the irrigation to a minimum.
Bought on the market chili peppers. He finished fruiting, and it is a pity to throw him out. I heard that decorative pepper is a perennial plant, so I want to leave it until spring. How to save it in winter? And write, please, how to grow it in the future so that it does not disappear.
For several years I have a room pepper on my windowsill. In autumn I add different greens and tomatoes to it. And so until next spring in my apartment the summer season continues. But it is my pet pepper that sets the tone on this vegetable garden.
I can not say that to grow it in an apartment is simple. I have not one pendulous bush died the death of the brave, until I realized that the main reason for the “tragedy” was cold and poor lighting.
I can agree with the pepper only when I think of transferring it to the bright southern window.
As for soil conditions, pepper prefers nutritious and light soil. I make it myself, mixing in equal proportions sod land, humus and peat.
I sow pepper in plastic cups of three seeds in each. I do not do the picking, just pouring the ground as the seedlings grow. And when they get stronger (it takes about a month) I transplant into flower pots and garden containers.
Another important point. I water my burning beauties only with warm (about 30 °) water. I feed regularly with a solution (also warm!) Mullein or chicken droppings. A few peppercorns serve my culinary purposes, and the rest delight me with their bright colors all year round.
Victoria PLATOVA, St. Petersburg
Room pepper: plant description
All botanist peppers are called “chilli peppers,” or simply “capsicum” (Capsicumannuum), referring this species to the family of bouillon. Inside the species there are many subspecies dividing into sweet and hot peppers. The overwhelming majority of them are garden vegetables. We are only interested in one subspecies, called Capsicum annuum minimum. That is what we know as indoor (decorative) pepper. Its homeland is Mexico, and some parts of Central America.
This plant is essentially a perennial shrub of many years, although most often it is grown as an annual. Its leaves are simple, on long or short stalks, are single or rosettes (depending on the variety). The color of the leaves can also be surprising variety: from pure green to olive, and even blackish.
Pepper flowers are small, they do not shine with beauty. Usually they are white, or purple. In place of the flowers are fruits - peppers. They can be of a different color even on one plant: at the very beginning - green, then orange, yellow, reaching red. There are varieties of indoor pepper, in which even the ripe fruits remain yellow or purple.
At the same time on the bush, and there are flowers, and colorful peppers. And the shape of the fruit, too, is different: from the classic, narrowly elongated, to cone-shaped and even round. It is because of its fruits that pepper bush looks very decorative. His appearance has a special fervor: inspires energy and uplifting!
The sizes of different varieties of ornamental pepper can be very different: there are large, growing to half a meter high, and there are dwarfs, not more than 15 cm.
Homemade pepper varieties
If we have already touched on the issue of different varieties, let's talk about them. Decorative indoor pepper has many subspecies and varieties. Like his garden counterparts, indoor pepper is sweet and spicy. The efforts of breeders are aimed at obtaining plants of different sizes, with fruits of various shapes, even with decorative leaves (this is still, first of all, a plant for the soul).
The most common variety for apartments is the well-known indoor pepper "Flare". Actually, many in general consider it a synonym for all home-made peppers. His long, bright red, hot peppercorns are “pepper classics” that live in the minds of most people.
Interesting variety "Bell".Its fruits have the shape of an elongated berry, or a bell, because the variety belongs to the subspecies Capsicum baccatum. On the basis of this subspecies, many varieties with round fruits have been created, for example, “Ryabinushka". In this class, small brush "berries" resemble rowan. They seem to be hiding in the leaves. Very decorative variety!
Japanese flower growers brought an interesting variety "Nosegay", Differing exclusively tiny size. Its compact bush grows no more than 15 cm. And the variety "Poinsettia»Has a high sharpness and a characteristic bunch of fruits that resemble the indoor flower of the same name.
Among the special varieties “Variegata», «Purple tiger"And"Salsa Orange". In total, the popular varieties of peppers are at least fifty, and every year more and more new ones appear.
Growing indoor pepper can be recommended to beginner gardeners, it is completely easy to maintain, grateful plant. The more valuable is that in the end you will receive both a beautiful copy and seasoning on the table!
Speaking about the methods of growing capsicum, it is important to note that the plant, as already mentioned, is essentially a perennial. Some varieties are able to live and bear fruit for up to 10 years in a row! Although this is rather an exception, usually the life of peppers does not exceed 4 years.
But even for this short term, few people leave pepper. Most often it is kept as an annual. The fact is that if you sow indoor bitter pepper, after 4 months it begins to bloom and bear fruit, and after 6 months it is a developed, elegant plant. It turns out that taking care of him all winter is simply not practical. Moreover, the older the peppers, the worse it looks, and requires more attention to the care of the crown.
Lighting and location
Peppers need bright but diffused lighting. In addition, it will bloom and bear fruit only with a long day of light. This, by the way, is one of the main reasons why indoor peppers are not left in the winter: short, dark days do not have the best effect on the appearance of the plant, unless it is provided with additional lighting.
Peppers on the windows of the east and south orientation feel best, although content on the west and even the north is possible. In summer, a pot of pepper is useful to put on the balcony, where there is a lot of fresh air.
These are tender plants for which the temperature drop below + 12ºС will be fatal. Optimum performance - from +18 to + 26ºС. In winter, when there is less light and limited irrigation, it is permissible to keep at temperatures from +15 to + 17ºС, while it is important to protect the pepper from dry air near the radiators.
If the room is warm, indoor pepper loves slightly increased air humidity. It is useful to "bathe" in a warm shower, turn on a humidifier next to it. An open balcony on warm summer nights will benefit the plant. But if the owner makes no effort to raise the humidity, it will not be a critical moment for the pepper, it will just look a little worse, and reduce the number of ovaries.
Watering and feeding
All peppers love moist soil, but without stagnant water in the bottom of the pot. In their care, they are guided by a simple rule: water when the topmost layer of soil dries out. Water is preferable to use separated, soft. In winter, watering significantly reduce, especially if the temperature is lowered.
During the growing season, indoor bitter pepper should be regularly fed, especially if it has a lot of fruit. Feed frequency is twice a month. Given that the fruits are eaten, it is better to give preference to organic fertilizers, made independently, or bought in a store. Mineral fertilizers should be used in spring, in the period of development, when the plant is not yet flowering.
Interesting! Good foliar fertilizer is an infusion of wood ash: one-half tablespoon of ash per liter of soft water. It is necessary to spray in the evening, or in the early morning, before the appearance of sunlight.
If indoor pepper overwinter, is under additional lamps, feeding continues, but only once a month.
It is produced in terms depending on when you want to get a harvest. Remember that from the time of sowing to the first ovary takes about four months. Traditionally sown at the end of winter or at the very beginning of spring, but if it is the crop that is important for you, do the procedure as early as January. In this case, by the middle of summer, the pepper will be an adult, fully formed specimen, capable of producing a large number of fruits until the very end of autumn.
Seeds germinate quickly, without problems, in a conventional improvised greenhouse, at room temperature.
Important! If you need only a few copies, it is better to place the seeds at once in the pot where they will grow all summer. The fact is that peppers do not like picking. Sow several seeds in one pot, then simply remove the unwanted seeds.
Further care of seedlings
If the seeds are sown in a hothouse, pick picking is carried out when the first pair of true leaves appears. When seated in individual pots, it is advisable to trim the main root to a third of its length. After such a procedure, the peppers will stop growing for a while, but then it will be better to branch.
At a height of about 10-15 cm (depending on the variety), pinching the top is done, causing the plant to form side shoots. After some time, pinch and sprout shoots. The goal is to form the most branchy, spherical crown. Then the indoor pepper will be both beautiful and abundantly fructifying.
As a rule, young peppers during the season have to be transplanted two times in a larger pot. In addition, the obligatory spring transplant subject to survivors of winter. Indoor hot peppers easily relate to transplants, it is possible (and sometimes even necessary) to trim some of the roots, removing them along with the old soil. Replant in a purchased, universal land, but it is easy to make it yourself, guided by the scheme:
- Sodland - 2 parts,
- Leaf ground - 1 part,
- Humus - 1 part,
- Peat - 1 part,
- Sand or vermiculite — 0.5 parts.
The main thing is that the earth is quite loose, but nutritious, capable of retaining moisture that is neutral in acidity.
Diseases, pests, problems in the care
If all the simple care tips are followed, the pepper will grow without problems. Most often, it suffers from improper watering (abundant or insufficient), too cold air, drafts (this often happens in early spring or late autumn). Often the leaves turn yellow and dry due to the surrounding dry air. As already mentioned, such difficulties arise most often in the winter months.
Pests rarely visit pepper. Moreover, on its leaves even infusions are made, which are then sprayed with other plants in order to get rid of harmful insects. The most dangerous are aphid and spider mites, and they appear when the air in the room is too dry.
It is easier to get rid of aphids by treating the plant with an insecticide (Aktara works well). With a tick, if he wound up, will have to tinker. Treat several times with one of the popular acaricides, for example, "Fitoverm", "Sunmite". And you need to spray not only the crown, but also a pot, a window sill, a window frame near the pepper.
Decorative pepper - a real find for a novice grower! However, it will decorate with itself a more serious collection, being a vivid example of a well-known principle: the benefits to both the soul and the body!
How to choose seeds for planting at home
Perfectly fit seeds taken from the dried fruit.Planting material can be purchased in stores for gardeners - or in online stores offering seeds of exotic and ornamental plants. If you start planting in February-March, you can easily get the fruit in September-October of the same year.
First you need to decide on what kind of pepper you want to get in the end - high or low, spicy or not, with berries, berries or a classic "pepper" form. As a rule, this information is on the bag. However, when purchasing it is necessary to pay attention to how long the seeds were collected?
Seeds of hot pepper with proper storage can remain viable for up to 5 years, but every year the percentage of germinates falls. It is better to grow room pepper from seeds collected last season if you plan to harvest this year.
The most important thing! Selected seeds should not have flaws - dark specks, strong twisting, damage, traces of rot. Quality seeds have a pale yellow, almost white color.
How to choose the best grade
Distinguish between early, mid, late. You can enjoy the fruits of early ripe varieties within 65-100 days from the moment of emergence. Fruits from mid-ripening plants can be obtained in 100-120 days. But late-ripening varieties will be able to please you with a harvest only in 120-150 days.
Bush height. As a rule, lovers of indoor hot pepper prefer abundantly fruiting shrubs up to 30 cm in height - this is the optimum height of the bush for domestic pepper production. There are also very miniature bushes 15 cm, and real giants up to a meter tall.
Fruit Form. Most lovers prefer classic conical or elongated peppers. Fruits of a round shape, berries, are often mistaken for a close and poisonous relative - nightshade, and they are considered inedible. It is not so - such a pepper can also be eaten, but if you are not sure that it is not nightshade, it is better not to risk it. There are fruits and exotic forms, for example, Aji orchid.
Color of fruits and leaves. This is especially important if you plan to grow a plant as an ornamental. There are very decorative varieties of indoor pepper, for example, Bolivian rainbow, Fishwhich, as they mature, change their color several times, and in the final stage of maturation they may be yellow, orange or red.
The foliage of some varieties can also have blotches of different colors - white spots and dashes, lilac stripes, which become brighter, the more sunny the location of the plant.
Keenness - if you plan to use the crop of burning indoor pepper for food, it is important to make sure that you can do this - there are absolutely no sharp species, and there are so bitter that it is not safe for their unprepared person. Especially appreciated among gourmets Habanero - Fruits, depending on the variety, are sharp, but they have an incomparable citrus-floral aroma and flavor!
If you want to make a hot pepper at home just for the sake of beauty, then sharpness is not important, but you should pay particular attention to decorative properties (bush height, shape and color, characteristics of ripening).
Seed germination technology
For planting five seeds of hot indoor pepper, a plastic or ceramic flower pot of 300 ml is quite suitable. If you plan to plant in separate containers, you can choose smaller pots or use yogurt cups.
Step-by-step instructions for growing peppers from seeds at home:
- Pour drainage to the bottom of the tank - the best is expanded clay.
- Put the ground on top. Usually choose ph-neutral soil for house plants or a mixture for peppers and tomatoes. Garden soil is not suitable, as it may contain insect larvae, spores of fungi that adversely affect seed germination.
- Seeds are recommended to pre-soak in warm water for several hours for swelling and faster germination. Sometimes a stimulant is added to the soaking water, in particular - Epin, to increase germination. The use of a stimulant will not affect the plant in the future, but if the seeds are harvested 2-3 years ago, the probability of successful germination will be higher. Can be planted without soaking.
- Planting material is evenly distributed over the soil surface at some distance from each other. This is necessary so that as the young plants grow, they do not interfere with each other.
- Sprinkle the seeds on top with soil - about 0.5 mm so that they are completely covered. If the surface of the soil is dry - wet it with water, it is better to use a sprinkler for flowers. It is important that the surface of the soil be slightly wet, but not wet - otherwise the seeds may rot.
- As the top layer of soil dries, it should be wetted regularly.
- It is advisable to put a plastic cup on top of the pot, thereby erecting a greenhouse. This is especially true if the landing takes place in February-March, and the air temperature in the room can be below 25 degrees.
At a temperature of 22-25 degrees shoots appear through 10-14 daysIf seeds are harvested 2-3 years ago, the germination process may take another 1-2 weeks.
Seedlings need to be periodically ventilated - briefly raise the greenhouse so that young plants get used to the environment. Gradually, “no greenhouse” periods should be extended, and eventually completely removed.
Transplanting young plants to a permanent place
When the seedlings appear on two pairs of true leaves, you need to plant them, if the seeds were planted in one container. If the seedlings were planted in individual pots, it is possible to transplant the plants in pots of a larger volume, when roots will appear at the bottom of the water holes.
Leaving all the plants in the same pot is not worth it. Decorative bitter indoor pepper is grown according to the principle one pot - one plant. The fact is that, being planted together, the weaker instances are “muffled” by the stronger ones. The weak will lag far behind in growth and development, flowering will be late and scarce, and fruiting may not occur at all.
When seating is better to use small deep pots of 100 ml. A transplant of a young specimen into a very large pot at once is not useful - the “extra” ground will begin to sour from watering. It is better, as the plant grows, to gradually roll over it in a tank, a little more than the previous one. The main sign that it is time to replant the plant is the roots looking out from the bottom of the pot. During the season, as a rule, the bush is transshipped 2-3 times.
What conditions are needed pepper?
Sunny location. It is advisable to keep the pot on the windowsill indoors. On very sunny balconies, the “lights” suffer greatly from the rays, the leaves can be damaged, the flowers fall off, and the fruits deform strongly and have no seeds.
In the shade, seedlings bloom reluctantly, tied little fruit, may suffer from the Gulf. It is extremely uncomfortable bushes burning room decorative pepper feel on the shelves, the refrigerator and the closet - away from the sun and fresh air.
Regular watering and spraying - The main components in the care of pepper at home. "Spark" loves water. In the summer on sunny days, the plant must be watered every day. Spray with water at room temperature, preferably twice a day.
Fertilizer. From March to September (and for late ripening to October), it is advisable to feed the room pepper with specialized fertilizer for fruit plants. There is also a special fertilizer for peppers and tomatoes, it is found in stores for gardeners and flower growers.
Formation. In addition to the sun, water, and a sufficiently large pot, indoor pepper can grow as branches grow — this is true in late summer and autumn for plants of the first year of life and in the early spring, when it leaves the state of rest.
They form, that is, cut too long branches - this gives a neater appearance, allows the plant to save power. But the main trunk should not be shortened - from this bush can die.
Harvesting and Seeding Rules
As the fruits ripen, it is possible and necessary to harvest. There are varieties of indoor peppers, the sharpness of which decreases in full maturity. Therefore, these fruits are harvested in the stage of technical ripeness. Such unripe peppers are often much tastier than ripe ones.
For example, the fruits of the decorative bitter indoor pepper varieties Jalapeno (Jalapeno) are most often harvested when they are still green, but they have already appeared on the characteristic "scars", but becoming red this look already loses its taste value.
If you are interested in seeds for planting in the future, then you need to wait until the fruits are fully ripe, that is, they get the final color (yellow, orange or red). Fruits must be removed from the bush and allowed to dry for several days.
If the pepper is thin-walled, then it dries quickly enough, if it is thick-walled, then when the fruit shrivels, it should be carefully cut and let it dry again for several days.
Then the seeds are carefully removed and laid out on a napkin to dry. Well dried seeds can be put in a bag and stored in a dry dark place, can be stored in the refrigerator. The main thing is to avoid moisture, in which case they can rot.
The plant, which is called "pepper", does not belong to the pepper family. This culture belongs to the family of the bouillon and has the second name “capsicum”.
The culture is widespread on all continents. Can grow in open ground and in a flower pot at room conditions.
Pepper decorative room - A perennial plant, in an apartment can grow and bear fruit up to 4-5 years. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Height - 20-55 cm. Crown branched. The leaves are sharp, long or elongated oval, ovate. Color varies from light to dark green. May bloom singly or in bunches, flowers are more often white.
Fruits can have a different color: yellow, orange, red, purple. Moreover, a different color of the fruit can occur even if they appear on the same plant, depending on the ripening. Also, the peppers are different in shape (with a sharp or blunt end, spherical, oval) and size (small, medium, large - maximum 5 cm). It all depends on the variety.
Flowering and fruiting are not separated in time. On the bush can be at the same time flowers, immature fruits, ripe peppers. The bush fructifies, as a rule, very plentifully.
Bitterness, burning sensation and spice gives the fruit alkaloid capsaicin.
Annuals varieties are also called room paprika, pepper, vegetable, sweet (although some varieties are quite sharp). They differ in that after shedding or gathering the fruit the plant may shrink. Not all yearlings are waiting for such a fate. In room conditions, certain species can bear fruit more than one year. Bushes are low, compact, 35-55 cm high. Fruits vary in shape and color depending on the variety.
- "Siberian Prince",
- "Cherry Bomb",
- "Golden Baby" and others.
Shrub varieties are very well suited for indoor conditions: window sill, loggia, balcony, etc. These are perennial plants. They successfully grow and bear fruit 5-6 years.
Bushes are dense, from 15 to 45 cm high. Fruit plentifully. On one small bush yield can be up to 50 fruits. They are small, so the shrub varieties are also called small-fruited. Often planted varieties of hot ornamental shrub pepper type:
Shrub pepper is also called cayenne.
One type of indoor pepper is called berry, or just berry. Named so in the form of fruits that are not conical, and flattened shape (sometimes reminiscent of the scallops).
Interesting in form variety "The Bishop's Crown", but his average yield. In the apartment you can only collect about 20 peppercorns. More often grown "Lemon Lollipop" and "White Crystal", they are traditionally fruitful. The taste of pepper sweetish, sharpness in it quite a bit.
This is a rather tall look. It grows up to 80 cm, so more often the apartment is placed not on the windowsill, but on the floor on a loggia or balcony.
Chinese the grade is less common. This plant is up to 50 cm tall, like other species. Its leaves are ovate, light green, slightly shriveled. Flowers are white with a greenish tinge.
Fruits vary in shape, sometimes even take the form of a flashlight. Chinese pepper has, probably, the sharpest and burning fruits.
The disadvantage is that this species has a relatively slow growth. Common varieties:
- "Santa Lucia",
- "The language of the devil"
- "Devil Yellow."
Pepper pubescent (or fluffy) is grown more outdoors, because it is very tall (up to 3-4 m). For cultivation in the apartment are suitable only individual varieties, for example, "Rokoto" (it is not so high).
In this species, the entire bush is densely covered with pubescence. And not only the stems and leaves, but even flowers.
It has a sharp taste, consumed raw.
The best conditions for pepper
Regarding the capriciousness and unpretentiousness of ornamental pepper and care for it at home, the opinions of lovers of ornamental plants were divided. Some people think that it is easy to care for the crop, others say that the plant is capricious and it is difficult to care for it.
Let's understand in detail the conditions of detention and features of care.
Humidity and temperature
Room pepper is a heat-loving plant. It will grow well in spring and summer at about 25 ° C. In winter, the temperature should be lower: 15-18 ° C will be fine for him. In addition, he likes night and day temperature drops, so in the summer it is better to keep it on the loggia or balcony. Humidity requires moderate. Perchik loves to swim (more on that later).
In the care of decorative pepper in the pot to follow the lighting is necessary. For good development and fruiting, you need to place the plant on a south, south-west or west window-sill.
The culture is very light-loving, in spring and autumn it needs up to 3-4 hours of open sunlight. Only no more than 4 hours, otherwise burns on the fruits and leaves may occur. In the summer you need pritenyat, because the sun is very active. If the lighting is not enough, then you need to apply artificial.
With a lack of lighting, the bush is rare, there are few leaves on it, moreover, there will not be a good harvest.
Growing from seed
To grow pepper from seeds, it is necessary to purchase seeds, prepare a container and soil, plant seeds, wait for germination and provide them with proper care.
Peppers need to plant in February.
There are two approaches to growing pepper from seed. They differ in the fact that in one the reckless and direct method is used, in the second - with the cultivation of seedlings and subsequent transplantation.
- Potted pepper is not grown by seedlings and is not transplanted from one pot to another as it grows. Immediately you need to pick up the capacity in which the adult plant will grow. Its volume should be 4-6 liters.
- Fill the soil before planting seeds in the pot, ensuring good drainage.
- Soak the seeds for 1 hour in water and place in a damp cloth for a day.
- Plant seeds and sprinkle with soil 2-4 mm. Well moisten the soil with an atomizer and cover with a film before germination.
- Be sure to place the pot in a warm place.After sprouting with the advent of four leaves pinch to form the crown.
- Prepare a small container, about 200 ml, for planting seeds.
- Make a drainage and pour into a pot of earthen mixture. Having placed the prepared seeds, cover them with soil 2-4 mm.
- To prepare the seeds, they must be soaked in water for 1 hour and left in wet gauze for one day.
- Well moisten the soil, cover with food film and place in a warm place for germination.
- Shoots of pepper appear in 2-3 weeks.
- With the advent of two pairs of leaves, pepper requires transplanting, diving and pinching.
- The capacity for further cultivation should be about 4-6 liters, with good drainage.
- A sprout with a large earthen clod is poured into it by transshipment, it is plentifully watered.
- Top pinch.
Whatever method of germinating seeds - 1st or 2nd - you choose, then pepper care is the same.
How to propagate the plant cuttings
Pepper cuttings can be done in spring and summer. To do this, cut the side shoots and put them in a container with a sandy-earth mixture for rooting.
First pour abundantly, then - as the soil dries.
The tank should have good drainage. This is necessary both for the cutting and for the rooted plant, because it will continue to grow here. Replanting rooted cuttings is not necessary.
To root rooted faster, it is necessary to pinch.
How to water
Sprinkle in the spring and summer should be plentiful as the land dries. In addition, be sure to "bathe" the plant, sprinkling it 1-2 times a week, on hot days - every other day.
Watering should be carried out with water at room temperature.
In the fall, reduce watering, in the winter, minimize it and water it moderately.
Does not tolerate overdrying of the soil. This is fraught with lethargy of leaves and fruits, their shedding and even death of the plant.
Than to fertilize
Like other cultures, this one needs mandatory feeding. The plant itself will tell the owners what it lacks.
If the lower part of the leaves has acquired a purple hue - feed phosphate fertilizer. If the leaves are light - nitrogen. Only in such cases, top dressing should not be root, but by spraying.
Root top dressings are carried out with irrigation every 2-3 weeks with complex fertilizers.
Decorative pepper is a plant that needs pruning in order to increase yield, form a beautiful crown and enhance growth. At the first fruiting it is necessary to pinch the top of each branch. As soon as the lateral shoots, or sprouts that are “knocked out” of the crown, appeared, they should be cut off.
Periodically it is necessary to do trimming on half the length of each branch.
When transplanting peppers - a lot of stress, and must be transplanted annually. Therefore, this should be done very carefully, by transshipment, adding a new soil to the tank.
The main purpose of the transplant is a new soil. If you can partially replace the soil without a transplant, then do it in such a way as not to injure the plant.
The variety "Spark" is a variety of ornamental plants, which is very popular. Culture refers to the genus Capsicum. Pepper is a perennial, and the indoor hybrid was obtained by breeding. Chilean and cayenne peppers, which hold the leading position on the Scoville scale, which assesses the sharpness of the fruit of the plant, were used as maternal varieties of pepper for the production of “Spark”.
But high taste qualities and peculiar hotness of pepper are not considered to be the only characteristics of a plant that can be grown at home. The considered hybrid is also noteworthy for its decorative component, beautiful and bright peppercorns, due to which the “Spark” pepper can be found quite often on window sills.In addition, a feature of this variety is the ability to use the fruit as an effective drug for colds, because it is a natural and strong antiseptic.
Hot pepper is a powerful flavor enhancer, due to which it is used as a seasoning for food, and due to its chemical composition it acts as a balanced source of vitamins and minerals. With regard to the benefits and harm of its use, it can be noted that the pepper has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, and also slows the formation of cancer cells.
But people with various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, enter the "Spark" in the diet should be with extreme caution. Since hot pepper can significantly damage not only the skin, but also the mucous membrane.
With proper agrotechnology, the culture grown at home will bear fruit throughout the year, not tied to the season, which is a great advantage compared to planting pepper in the ground. For the most complete description of the plant should focus on its main characteristics, described below.
- The state of technical ripeness of culture comes in 120-140 days.
- The height of one plant does not exceed 50 centimeters, due to which the pepper will harmoniously fit into the overall decor of the room and will not interfere with the window.
- The plant is allocated with various options of landing. Therefore, the “Spark” bears fruits well at home, in greenhouses and greenhouses, as well as in open ground.
- The weight of one fruit varies in the range of 20-50 grams, with a wall thickness of 1.5 centimeters.
- On one plant can form up to 50 ovaries. Due to what, during a year about one hundred peppercorns can be collected from one plant.
- Peppers have an elongated shape and bright red color. The length of the fruit varies from 2.5 to 5 centimeters. The color of the peppers gradually changes depending on the maturity phase. Initially, they are green, then turn yellow, and then turn red. As for the shape, there are fruits of an oval, pyramidal or even round shape.
- Due to the fact that the plant is a perennial, with proper care, it will give regular yields for at least five years.
- Due to the bactericidal properties of the fruit, the culture will purify the air from bacteria and viruses. And for insect pests, the culture is of no interest, which greatly facilitates care at the “Spark”, as well as excludes infection of growing plants nearby.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Flare many are still called chili peppers. It is most common in Eastern European countries. This perennial plant belongs to the genus "capsicum" - a mixture of Chilean and cayenne peppers. Due to its high performance, it is positioned as a natural antiseptic and serves as an excellent flavor enhancer.
This sort of pepper was introduced to Europe by a navigator of Spanish origin, Christopher Columbus. To date, Pepper Spark in residential buildings are grown on window sills and used for cooking.
Pepper of this variety has the following characteristics:
- Its height is about 40 centimeters.
- The number of ovaries can be up to 50 pieces.
- For 12 months from the bush, which is located on the windowsill, you can collect about 100 Perchin.
- The length of the fetus ranges from 2.5 to 5 centimeters.
- At the base of the figure ranges from 0.8 to 1.2 centimeters.
- Fruit weight is approximately equal to 20 - 50 grams.
- The fruits change their color as they mature. Initially, they are green, after a little yellow, and the ripe fruit is bright red.
- The form of red pepper can be with a pointed tip, oblong pyramid, oval and round.
This variety belongs to the medium early. Approximately 120 days pass from shoot to technical ripeness.Growing peppers A spark on the windowsill is not the only way, it can grow and develop well in greenhouses and in open ground.
Pepper seeds Spark
Pepper grown on the windowsill begins to produce the first fruits at the end of the summer or early fall. Ripened fruit stands rich red color. From such fruits it is necessary to extract the seeds. Material for planting is recommended to decompose and dry a little. So you can save the seeds before the arrival of spring, when they need to be planted.
In order to remove the planting material, it is recommended to pick off the fruits only after they have fully matured. Seeds can be added to the preservation and a variety of dishes, as they also have a piquancy and sharpness.
How to pepper Spark to plant at home
The most effective and the best way to grow peppers is to plant them and grow them on a windowsill. Capacity for planting are boxes for seedlings. It is not recommended to do deep holes when planting seeds. It will be enough to deepen them by only 1 centimeter. After the seeds are planted, they must be moistened with a spray bottle.
The temperature in the room where this crop is grown should be in the range of 22 to 24 degrees. When the first shoots (about 2 weeks), the temperature in the room is reduced to 20 degrees. When there are two leaves on a young sapling, it should be transplanted into a separate pot.
Pepper must be replanted once within two years. It is desirable to do this in the spring. Pepper is best transplanted into a pot with a large diameter.
And still the Sparrow Pepper can be grown from lignified shoots. To do this, they must be cut from the bush and put in a container with water. There should be an escape until the roots appear on it. When the roots are developed well, they are planted in prepared pots.
How to plant and care for the plant
In order for the pepper to please its owners for a long time, it is necessary to observe several simple rules and recommendations:
- Choosing a place. In order to grow a culture on the windowsill, you should choose a cool and well-lit place. The optimum will be the capacity of a ceramic pot with a volume of 3 to 5 liters. There should be a hole at the bottom. It is necessary in order that excess water left.
- The soil. Favorable soil for planting peppers on the windowsill is garden soil, humus and sand. They are taken in the following proportions 1: 1: 2. Drainage system should be given special attention. For this, crushed stone, broken brick and expanded clay are best suited. In the pot, the soil needs to be changed every year. This will help protect your culture from diseases and pests.
- Lighting. If the amount of light on the window sill is not enough, the pepper leaves will turn yellow, the plant will wilt, and the flowers will fall. For a short light day, blue-violet lamps are used as an additional light device.
- The light is pretty hardy, but if not keep temperature and in the room where it is grown, there will be more than 20 degrees, the culture will cease its normal development. Falling or yellowing of the ovaries and leaves may occur. In such a situation, it is better to rearrange the pot with the culture in the south-eastern or south-western part of the apartment.
- In hot, dry weather, culture should be given special attention. She needs spray regularly. It should be done only in the evening. Do not be very zealous, otherwise there may be a disease of the root system due to an overabundance of moisture.
- When you plant the plant, do not forget it. feed with organic fertilizers. During the vegetation period, it is best to apply phosphorus-potassium compounds. Feed the plant should be every two weeks.
In order for the plant to grow healthy, it is necessary not only to follow the rules suggested above, but also to properly care for it during the period of growth and development of hot pepper.
Pests and diseases
In order to protect hot peppers from various diseases, and in particular, from root decay, it is necessary to constantly monitor the level of soil moisture. If they began to dry and wither the leaves, this indicates that the moisture in the soil is lacking.
Extremely susceptible hot pepper. Light to nitrogen deficiency.. This problem manifests itself in the absence of long-awaited flowering.
Spider mite and aphids for hot peppers represent the greatest danger. In order to overcome them you need to use insecticides. As soon as the first signs of lesion began to appear on the leaves, they should be treated with appropriate chemical preparations, which are prepared in accordance with the proposed instruction.
A peculiar indicator of the health of a shrub that grows in a room is its leaves.. It is recommended to periodically inspect them and take action at the first sign.
After all, if you are more likely to help the culture, it will recover faster and will please you with an excellent harvest.
Transplantation and reproduction of hot pepper Ogonek
A very important point in the cultivation of hot pepper is its transplant, as well as reproduction. Basically, the plant is transplanted once every two years. In this case, the capacity is each time taken a new and necessarily larger. When transplanting using the soil system, which is prepared from humus, sod land, peat, and river sand.
Hot peppers The fire can multiply in three ways:
Before seeds are planted in the ground, it is necessary to check their germination. For this they need to be placed in water. If a seed has surfaced, then it can be thrown out, since it will not grow. To germinate the remaining seeds, they are soaked for a day.
Seeds are sown on nutrient-specific soil. Sowing can be done randomly or to a depth of 6 millimeters. After that, the top seeds sprinkled with a thin soil layer. The soil in which the seeds are located is sprayed and covered with a film on top.
Seeding is done in February.
If you did everything right, then already in 14 days you will see the first shoots. The first feeding should be done in 10 days with mullein or chicken droppings. When young leaves are formed in these plants, you need to dive. At the same time, hot pepper should be watered regularly.
Propagation by seedlings involves placing seeds in a damp cloth. They should be at room temperature.
Planted them in peat pots when the first shoots seem. Before planting sprouted seeds need a day before it is good to water the soil. After the landing, the container is covered with glass and placed in a warm place.
When there will be 4 leaflets for seedlings, they should be transplanted into a larger pot. A drainage system is formed at the bottom of the tank. Put the pot on the lit place. Watering is done with water at room temperature through a pan.
In the summer they fertilize in 2 weeks.
Cuttings - vegetative way to preserve varietal signs. In order to get the cutting, you need to cut the branch from the masterbatch and place it in a light and loose soil. Water and cover it with a package.
Room pepper: instructions for growing decorative "lights" on the windowsill
Chilli pepper belongs to the Paslenov family, its varieties are divided into sharp and sweet. Alkaloid capsaicin gives a bitter taste.
Decorative indoor pepper stands out effectively on the windowsill and serves as a source of spices for cooking a variety of dishes. In everyday life it is called “flame”, although in reality there are several dozen species and varieties of plants in culture.It is made popular not only by its burning taste and attractive appearance, but also by its ease of growing at home.
Home care for peppers in a pot in winter
Contrary to popular belief, hot indoor peppers are perennial plants. On average, 5 years a bush can actively bear fruit. The main thing is to reload the plant as it grows and renew the soil every spring. However, not all flower growers are ready to provide a homely handsome man with comfortable conditions for wintering. Therefore, there are three options.
The first. If you do not want to keep this copy, at the end of the season after the end of the fruiting, the bush can be thrown away, and in February-March a new plant can be grown from the obtained seeds.
Second. If you are ready to save the plant - then at the end of the season you need to collect ripe fruit, reduce watering, avoiding prolonged drying of the soil. Every two to three days to spray the bush with water at room temperature.
Gradually, the leaves will partially fall off. Sometimes peppers shed their leaves completely. Too long branches can be shortened slightly. In winter, new leaves and even flowers may appear on the branches, especially if the thaw lasts for a long time and the heating works intensively.
In February-March, the indoor pepper will start growing again, at this moment it is necessary to transplant it into the pot a little more than the previous one, to replace the main part of the soil. Gradually increase watering.
Third. If you not only want to preserve the plant, but also to receive the harvest in winter, you need more light. In this case, install a special lamp, watering is not reduced, continue to make feeding.
As you can see, the cultivation of decorative pepper at home does not require special knowledge and skills. “Spark” in a pot is perfect for those who do not like to wait too long when the planted plant finally blooms - only 3-4 months pass from seed to beautiful and fragrant fruits.
If you like houseplants, learn how to grow avocados from a stone, plumeria and adenium from seeds, violet from a leaf. Watching how a miracle is born is much more interesting than buying a ready-made flower in a store.
Hot pepper is added to confectionery, chocolate, coffee, tea - a very unusual and effective tool in the fight against colds and flu!
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Capsicum (Mexican Peppers)
If you have an indoor garden, then you definitely need to supplement it with such a beautiful plant, like capsicum or Mexican peppers. Its spectacular appearance will fit perfectly in almost any room. After all, a lush green bush with a huge number of small multi-colored "candles" (yellow, red, green, orange, etc.) looks just great.
Most of all for cultivation of such pepper the kitchen room is suitable. The fact is that it will be a wonderful decoration of this room, and its fruits can be used during the preparation of various dishes (for those who like spicy food). They can also be used for the preservation of cucumbers, tomatoes and so on.
What is a Mexican chilli pepper
This type of pepper turned out as a result of the crossing of chile pepper and cayenne pepper, which are very, very hot. That’s why Mexican peppers also have a high degree of pungentness.
Often, flowering and fruiting in this plant are observed in the spring-summer period, but there are varieties that do it all year round.
A feature of these varieties is that on a compact and lush bush at any time of the year you can see flowers and peppercorns of varying degrees of maturity.
However, with this plant, despite all its beauty, one must be very careful, as it harbors some dangers. Thus, its fruits should in no case fall into the hands of small children.
The fact is that they are already very sharp and if the baby eats the fruit of this pepper, then for quite a long time it will experience very unpleasant feelings. But adults should not relax too much. In the foliage and stems of the plant is poison. If it gets on the skin, it will cause severe irritation.
In this regard, if you are going to plant a plant, transplant, and so on, be sure to wear protective rubber gloves.
Illumination and location
This plant just loves sunlight and even quite well tolerates the direct rays of the sun. Still, too many of them can still harm him, so everything should be in moderation.
In that case, if the window on which you decide to put the pepper, faces south, then the plant just needs a little pritenit. And if there is an opportunity, it is better to put it on the window sill of another window.
In summer, Mexican pepper, many experienced growers are advised to take out into the fresh air. It will feel great there. And it can also be planted in open ground, such as, for example, tuberous begonia or geranium.
Features of watering and humidity
In the hot summer months should ensure the plant frequent watering and spraying. And it does not depend on where it is located, or rather, indoors or outdoors.
Understand that pepper gets an insufficient amount of moisture can, if you pay attention to its fruit.
They will begin to crumble badly, and if no action is taken, the bush will soon lose its main decoration, namely, the lovely “candles”.
If the plant is watered, as it should be and in time to moisturize, then beautiful fruits can last a very long time, as a rule, up to 3 months. In the autumn, watering is reduced a little, and with the onset of winter, water is watered as needed (after the top layer of the earth dries out).
Mexican pepper may well do without replanting. The thing is that it is most often grown as an annual plant. After all, it can be quite easily, simply and quickly grown from seeds, which will not be difficult to acquire.
However, if you wish, you can easily extend the life of the plant. In this case, the bush does not suffer at all, and even becomes even more beautiful. To do this, you need to prune the shoots. This should be done in the first weeks of spring and, as a rule, a plant needs a transplant.
In the procedure itself is nothing complicated. You just need to fill the pot a little larger than the previous one with earth and transplant the pepper. In this case, the land can be used absolutely any.
But experts advise that it is necessary to add a small amount of perlite or sand.
How to feed Mexican chillies
If you want your plant to have abundant flowering and a large number of fruits, then it just needs to be timely fed. Top dressing is carried out systematically and at the same time, different fertilizers are used for each growing season.
- In the spring, the plant begins to actively grow greens and it just needs fertilizers containing a large amount of nitrogen in its composition. However, feed them one pepper is not worth it. Experienced growers are advised to alternate nitrogen-containing fertilizer with full mineral.
- After the period of budding begins, it is necessary to reduce the number of dressings with nitrogen-containing fertilizer. It is recommended to start abundant feeding with fertilizers containing potassium.
- After abundant flowering and fruit formation begins, you need to feed the plant with phosphorus-containing fertilizers. When the flowering period ends, the predominant fertilizer should again be that which contains a lot of potassium.
In the spring and summer, the plant should be fed 1 time in 10 days. With the onset of cold weather, the number of dressings is sharply reduced to once every 30 days.
It is quite difficult for beginners to follow all the rules for changing fertilizers. In this case, they are recommended during the growing season to use potassium phosphate fertilizers as a feed. At the same time the frequency of feeding remains the same.
The best way to propagate Mexican pepper is sowing seeds. In the case when the house has this plant, then there will definitely not be a shortage of seeds. And it is also worth knowing that the seeds remain viable for 3 years.
Growing pepper from seeds is very simple. To start, prepare the ground. For this purpose, suitable for any land that should be mixed with not very large amounts of sand.
“Professional” pepper growers are advised to prepare such an earthy mixture, which includes: peat, leaf soil, sand and humus.
If the soil for sowing you use is not purchased, then it must necessarily be disinfected with steaming.
Next you need to prepare the seeds, which also should be disinfected. To do this, they are placed for 3 hours in a weak solution of manganese potassium. In order to be sure of the similarity of the seeds, they should be held in the stimulator solution, and also, if desired, preplant preparation is carried out.
Sowing of seeds is carried out quite early, as a rule, from January to the beginning of March. If the pepper is planted in January, then the first flowers will appear in it already in May.
For planting use small boxes, boxes and so on. Sowing depth is half a centimeter. After the seeds are sown, the container is covered with glass, film, placed in a micro-greenhouse, and so on.
Provides airing, timely soil moistening.
As a rule, the first shoots appear chere2 or 3 weeks after sowing. After the appearance of a pair of leaves, peppers can be seated in separate pots. Pinching the top is carried out after the 6th or 7th leaf appears.
Aphid and spider mite.
Spark, room pepper: growing and care
Those who love spicy dishes, be sure to put on their windowsill Pepper Spark. This popular houseplant, among other things, is also very beautiful. Growing it is not difficult at all. In order for the pepper to develop well and actively bear fruit, it should be watered and fertilized just in time.
There are several varieties of indoor pepper Spark. If desired, you can plant as a small plant (20-30 cm), and higher (up to 50 cm). The undersized compact homemade pepper Spark is particularly popular with fans of indoor plants.
The decorative value of this plant is represented by both dark green sharp small leaves and bright fruits. The shape and color of the latter can be very different. Varieties with round, plum-like, cone-shaped fruits are grown on window sills.
Both yellow and red or purple peppercorns look very nice. As it ripens, the fruits of this plant change color. Therefore, the bush can simultaneously grow fruits of different shades. It looks very impressive. Taste pepper can also be different.
There are varieties of both very stinging fruits, and not too sharp.
The light is pepper, the flowers of which do not differ in special beauty. Most often they are white or purple in color, small in size and look a little rough.
Their value lies only in the fact that subsequently they grow bright fruits with seeds suitable for self-planting. At the same time on the plant can ripen up to 50 peppercorns.
At the same time the bush still does not cease to bloom. So the crops from it can be removed almost all year round.
Propagate indoor pepper Twinkle mostly just seeds. This is the easiest way to get a strong, showy, productive plant in a fairly short time.
Earlier in the specialized literature, there were tips to plant home-made pepper seeds at the same time as ordinary garden seedlings, that is, in late February - early March.
Recently, however, on the forums of relevant subjects from experienced lovers of indoor plants, you can often hear a recommendation to perform this procedure a little earlier. The fact is that if you land the Spark in November, by the summer much larger and brighter fruits will grow on it.
Pepper Spark Care: Which Land to Use
The advice to be found in the literature to plant this pepper in a special purchased soil is also rejected by many experienced flower growers today. Fans of this beautiful and also useful plant have noticed that it feels best of all, being planted in ordinary garden soil.
The only thing is that it is advisable to pre-slightly fertilize such land with rotted manure. This dressing should be steamed. Otherwise, the pepper can become infected with a black leg. When overheating in manure, all pathogenic bacteria die (due to exposure to high temperatures).
However, during storage, microorganisms can settle in the organic substrate again.
How to plant
Spark - pepper, the seeds of which can be purchased at a specialty store or taken from a friend of an amateur grower. The pot for this plant is usually taken small. Flower pot of 1 l for the first time will be quite enough.
In the future, pepper, most likely, will have to be transplanted two or three times. This houseplant can bear fruit for 5 years. However, it is usually grown no more than two or three. Then the pepper is changed to a new one.
The fact is that by this time it loses some of its decorative properties and begins to produce much smaller yields.
At the bottom of the pot to avoid rotting of the roots, you need to put a drainage of pebbles and broken shards. Further in the capacity the prepared soil mixed with manure is poured and slightly moistened.
In one pot is usually planted on 3 seeds (to a depth of no more than 1 cm). Subsequently, in the tank you can leave the strongest pepper.
After planting, the soil in the pot should be watered gently with not too much water.
Transfer Pepper Spark into a large pot make immediately, as will be 60-65 days after planting. Drainage should be placed in the tank. Soil is better to use the same composition that was in a small pot. A clod of earth in an old container should first be separated from the walls with a knife.
The day before the transshipment, the plant must be watered abundantly. Then this procedure will be much easier. Then the pepper is carefully removed and transferred to a new pot. In the latter, you should first drain and 3-5 cm of garden soil.
After the pepper is installed in the pot, free space between the clod with the roots and the walls of the new container should be filled with soil.
Where to put the pot
Immediately after planting, the seed container must be covered with a film and put in a warm place. When the loops appear, the pot is transferred to the window sill. After the plants have 2-3 true leaves, the extra seedlings are removed.
Fire - light-loving pepper. Even very strong sunlight, he is not afraid. Therefore, it is best to install a pot with this burning bright plant on the south window. In winter, peppers should, if possible, be illuminated with a fluorescent lamp.
The heating battery in the cold season must be covered with a blanket or a piece of some thick fabric. Overheating pepper Spark on the windowsill, as well as in any other place, does not like. The optimum temperature for it in winter is 19-22 ° C.
How to water
In the summer, moisten the soil under the pepper. Spark should be quite often. Watering is done after the soil in the pot dries by 1 cm. Of course, it is not necessary to arrange a “bog” in the tank.Otherwise, the pepper may rot roots. In winter, watering is reduced. Once a week during this period will be quite enough.
Of course, if the light is on the south window, watering should be done carefully, trying not to fall on the leaves. Otherwise, burns will appear on them. For irrigation, use only separated water at room temperature. Bleaching pepper, like most other indoor plants, can be very harmful.
The light is pepper, which can be fed both with manure and complex universal means of purchase. In the latter case, you can use, for example, nitrophoska (1 boxes per 10 liters).
A very good solution would also be foliar fertilizing pepper wood ash (2 tablespoons. Insist in 3 liters of water). Spray the plant should be abundant. Carry out this procedure only in the morning or in the evening so as not to burn the leaves.
For the first time, pepper is fertilized before it is actively growing. Do not need feeding too often. In winter, it will be enough to fertilize the plant once - in January. In the summer, fertilizing is done more often - about twice a month.
Diseases and pests
That is how the pepper is grown Spark on the windowsill. Caring for him is relatively uncomplicated. Moreover, the disease does not infect him often.
If the air in the room is too warm and dry, plants can be attacked by aphid. It is necessary to fight it with the help of insecticides. This may be, for example, "Fitoverm" or "Agromertin."
You can use these tools no later than two weeks before harvest.
Care after purchase
After buying the plant you need to provide a comfortable environment.
First of all, you need to see whether the shrub needs a transplant.
If the pot is small, then after a period of adaptation, the shrub is transplanted into a new container.
For the adaptation period, which lasts 7-10 days, the plant is placed in a room with a temperature of 17-20 degrees and good lighting. The soil in the pot should be slightly moist.
Pepper - light-shrub. Light day should be 10-12 hours. During the winter months additional lighting is required. With a lack of light leaves fade and fall off, flowering stops. The plant can discard already formed peppercorns. In summer, a pot of pepper can be taken out on the balcony.
The light needs moderate watering. The soil in the pot should always be hydrated. It is necessary to avoid excessive watering, as this can lead to rotting of the roots and the destruction of the shrub.
Water for this you need to take room temperature, separated by at least a day.
Planting and transplanting
How to plant a seed house?
Seed propagation is considered the most effective method.
They are sown at the beginning of spring in the seedling boxes.
Planting depth should be no more than 1 cm. After planting, the surface of the soil is moistened with a spray gun.
The seedling box is placed in a room with a temperature of 22-24 degrees. In 10-14 days, shoots will appear. After that, the room temperature should be lowered to 20 degrees. After the appearance of 2 leaves, seedlings are transplanted into pots.
Pepper is transplanted in the spring every 2 years. For transplanting takes a pot with a large diameter.
Benefit and harm
Dry fruits can be ground to a powder and add to a hair mask.
Capsaicin improves blood circulation in the skin, which promotes hair growth.
When eating pepper, the body produces the hormone endorphin. It helps reduce pain, relieves stress, improves blood circulation.
Juice helps to reduce pressure, improve metabolism. Tincture is used as a warming agent. Used for cold and radiculitis.
Pepper "Spark" is contraindicated for people suffering from heart and gastrointestinal diseases.
What can be used for
Most often, the fruits of pepper Spark are used to add a spicy taste to various kinds of pickles.On a three-liter jar of tomatoes or cucumbers usually put 2-3 pods. You can also use the fruit as a medicine by adding them to vodka.
Pepper Spark contains a huge amount of vitamins. In addition, they can give a unique taste and aroma to almost any dish. Many housewives use the fruits of this plant for zazharki borscht, add them to the stew, salted with their use of bacon, etc.