Garden

Miracle of nature or the work of skilled hands? All about blue and blue orchids

Orchids are considered one of the most beautiful flowers on earth and are popular with gardeners in all countries. This is not surprising: the bizarre shape of the petals, size and relatively rapid growth distinguishes them from thousands of other plants. But the most unusual among them is, of course, the blue or blue orchid.

Types of orchids: is there a blue phalaenopsis in nature

A number of sources claim that blue orchids do not exist in nature. Such a myth has arisen because of the huge mass of fakes. Unscrupulous sellers simply paint the corolla of flowers with the help of special pigments, and then pass them off as a blue wonder. So the flower will begin to turn blue and become a “blue” orchid.

Dyed phalaenopsis is determined by pigment residues on other parts of the flower.

Similar manipulations are royal phalaenopsis - plants from the Orchid family, originally from Southeast Asia, having flowers of white, purple or pale pink.

Only in 2011, the real blue phalaenopsis appeared - Phalaenopsis Royal Blue, which are grown in Florida and Holland. Dutch company Geest Orchideeën has grown several varieties of phalaenopsis in different shades of blue, with purple and even green shades.

Appearance, flowering and reproduction

Phalaenopsis - epiphytic plants that live on the branches of trees and feed at the expense of aerial roots. Leaves are elongated, belt-like or lanceolate, bright green, shiny and fleshy. Leaves are arranged in two rows, like many other orchids. Phalaenopsis has short stems, but peduncle can reach a meter and even one and a half meters.

There is no clear flowering schedule for these plants, since they live in tropical forests.

Orchids reproduce vegetatively. To do this, use the side shoots that depart from the rosette of leaves or peduncle. You need to wait for the formation of the first air roots on the side shoot - and you can plant it in your own pot.

Blue Phalaenopsis Care

Caring for blue phalaenopsis differs little from caring for other orchids. The main conditions for the well-being of this plant - humidity, good lighting and heat.

The right choice of lighting and microclimate guarantee the health of phalaenopsis.

Humidity achieved by frequent "washing" the plants from the spray. Water for such a procedure should not be very cold, it is desirable if its temperature is 18-20 degrees. To get the plant more light, place it on the south, south-west or southeast windows.

At noon in summer, in clear weather, it is better to shade the plant so that there are no burns. The temperature in the daytime should be around 20 degrees. If the temperature is more than 25 or less than 15, plant growth slows downpossible problems with flowering, disease.

How to water

Water the orchid once a week, immersing the pot and the hole in the bottom for 10 minutes. When flowering should be watered more often - 2 times a week. All Orchids do not like hard water, so whenever possible use thawed or rain.

Watered blue phalaenopsis immersion

Fertilize or not

The plant "eats" a lot of mineral substances, so fertilizing should be done at least 2-3 times a month during the warm season. In autumn, the concentration of fertilizers is halved., and in winter, they also reduce the frequency of feeding to 1 time per month. It is important that fertilizing is made not only by the root system, but also by the leaf.

Fertilizers use special, for orchids.

Air roots of orchids can photosynthesize, so these plants are better suited for a transparent plastic pot, if not completely transparent - white.

Transparent pot is important for orchid photosynthesis.

Blue orchid transplant

Transplant orchids once in 3-4 years, as the destruction of the substrate. Immediately after transplantation, it is recommended to use "Zircon" - a drug for orchids, which contributes to the development of the root system.

Transplant the plant as follows:

  • Take out along with a lump of substrate from the pot (if not taken out, cut the pot),
  • Wash the roots with warm water from the substrate residues,
  • Cuts rotted roots, if they are,
  • Put the orchid in the pot and fall asleep substrate.

Royal Blue Diseases and Parasites

Blue orchids are subject to the following diseases:

Against this parasite is used soap suds, ethyl alcohol, factory tools (Flyoverm, Aptellik, Neoron)

Do not water the plant so often, change the substrate. The best substrate is dry pine bark or a special store mix for orchids.

If it does not bloom

Blue orchids do not bloom mainly due to lack of light. The same can be caused by drafts, which lead to temperature differences unusual for Orchid ones, lack of minerals, high temperature.

First of all, look at exactly which of the listed factors affect the plant. If it is a lack of light, move the plant to the south window, or use an additional light (a 100 W fluorescent light bulb will do).

Place the bulb at a distance such that no heat is felt from it. Overall the length of daylight hours for an orchid should be about 12 hourstherefore it is impossible to light it all night long.

Sometimes it is useful for the plant to give a “shake-up”, allowing the night temperature to drop to 15 degrees.

Most blue orchids are fake. These blue varieties are grown in the Netherlands by Geest Orchideeën and in the USA by Silver Vase farm. Caring for blue orchids is no different from caring for orchids of the Phalaenopsis genus.

What does it look like?

Blue Orchid went on sale not so long ago, but won the attention of flower growers. Externally, the flower is no different from the usual kindred - wild orchids. It has aerial roots, leaves grow in two rows, shiny, fleshy.

In the photo below you can see how the blue and blue orchid flower looks.

Do such plants exist in nature?

Do plants exist in nature in blue, or are they specially painted? In various forums you can often find such a question. And opinions, of course, diverge. But the truth in this case is that There are no orchids with natural blue or blue flowers on sale.

In Japan, introduced a variety of orchids, which has its own shade of blue. It is called the Royal Blue Orchid. Unfortunately, in the free sale it will not be possible to meet. An orchid that is close to blue — a purple hue — exists. This is a variety of Wanda. True, the flowers are unevenly colored, have small specks.

We offer to watch a video about a real blue orchid:

How did the artificial flowers appear?

For the first time a blue orchid was presented in 2011 at an exhibition in Florida. The viewers were not misled, saying that the subsequent flowering will be white. A company that presented an unusual flower patented a coloring procedure. Three months later, a beautiful blue flower was demonstrated in Holland, where he earned the “Sales Concept” award.

How to determine whether painted or real?

In order to determine which orchid is in front of you - artificially colored blue or not - you need to pay attention to such details as:

  1. The appearance of the stem. It should be a natural color, without different impurities.
  2. Flower condition. If you lightly hold your finger over an artificially colored flower, then a trace of paint will remain on the skin.
  3. Substrate. The soil in which the orchid grows must be of a natural color. This indicates that the flower did not try to tint.

What and how usually paint in the store?

Diligent sellers warn their customers that there is no need to wait for reusable blooming with blue or blue flowers from an orchid. The store uses a chemical dye to impart original blue or blue to the colors.. To do this, white orchid or poured with water diluted in her dye, or make a shot in the peduncle.

All these procedures do not change the genetic code of the plant. Coloring is short-lived. The next time, if conditions are suitable, the orchid will release white flowers.

Instructions on how to make a blue plant out of white

Before proceeding with the staining procedure, you need to decide which of the two known ways to use: staining through watering, staining through the introduction of the dye directly into the flower.

The first method is more gentle, but less productive. As soon as watering with the dye stops, the plant quickly acquires a natural color. In addition, in addition to the flower, the stem and roots are stained. Long-term staining can be achieved by injection. It should be done very carefully, otherwise the plant will suffer irreparable damage.

It is better to make an injection into the flower stalk.. This will cause less damage to the plant.

Preparation of materials

  1. Water for staining should be at room temperature. It is better to take separated water. Boiled use is not necessary.
  2. Syringe sterile injection is required. So the plant is safe from pathogenic bacteria during the introduction of the dye.

Specialist chemical solutions are chosen as the dye, which can be purchased at a flower shop or a retail outlet where they distribute agricultural products. Replace specialized dye can be on food. It is better to introduce the ready mixture for dyeing directly into the peduncle.

Negative consequences

Artificial staining is a serious interference with the organic structure of the plant.. In case of an error made during the procedure, you can lose the flower. If everything is done correctly, you need to remember that the dye will greatly weaken the plant, it can hurt for a long time. In order that the orchid does not die, it is necessary to constantly monitor its state of health. It is recommended to protect the diseased plant from direct sunlight, to irrigate using organic fertilizer.

In no case can not repot the flower immediately after the procedure of artificial coloring. A weakened plant will not survive the operation and most likely will die.

Where and at what price can I order?

The price of the question depends on the place where the plant was purchased. In small flower shops will offer to get an amazing blue flower within 1000 rubles. The best place to buy plants are exhibitions.. Here, all flowers have certificates. But it is important to learn one thing: no matter what the vendors say, the blue-colored orchid is not any hybrid bred under special conditions. The plant was subjected to outside interference to give the petals a charming shade.

How to care at home?

Caring for a blue or blue orchid in a pot at home is little different from caring for an ordinary flower.

First of all, it is necessary to ensure a normal temperature for this tropical guest. Orchids are thermophilic, so they prefer to live at a temperature not lower than 25 degrees.

The plant needs sunlight. It must be scattered. Light day can be increased by artificial means.

Orchids are very afraid of drafts, so you need to be very careful when choosing a place for a flower. Watering should be carried out through the pan as needed..

Stagnant moisture can lead to rotting of the roots, then the orchid will be difficult to save. The substrate must be loose, through which the roots of the plant breathe and receive the necessary nutrients.

Any orchid, regardless of the variety and colors can bring joy to its owner. No need to try to achieve the removal of extreme colors by causing pain to your pet. It is important to implement the necessary rules of caring for an orchid, and then he will repay the owner with an incredibly abundant and long flowering.

Where is it found?

Phalaenopsis is a vast genus of orchids, whose birthplace is Southeast Asia. Many species of this genus grow in the Philippines and northeastern Australia. Presumably, the genus originated in the territory of southern China, from where it spread throughout the rest of its current habitat.

For the first time a plant of this genus was found on Ambon Island in Indonesia by German naturalist G. Rumph. However, the real botanical sensation of phalaenopsis began after one flower fell to the famous scientist Carl Linna. He described it in his work "Species of plants" under the name "adorable adobe".

Today botanists and experienced flower growers know that in nature, almost all orchids live on treeshowever, at that time, scientists with orchids were barely familiar. Subsequently, this species that came to Linnei became a model for describing the entire genus of phalaenopsis (the so-called nomenclature type). It is still called Phalaenopsis amabilis to this day - “Phalaenopsis is charming.”

The name we used to have appeared in these flowers in 1825, when the director of the Leiden Botanical Garden, Karl Blume, traveling the Malay Archipelago, discovered huge white flowers on high stems in the rainforest and took them for night moths. The error, of course, quickly revealed, but Blume decided to call these flowers falenopsis - from the Greek words phalania - “moth” and opsis - “similarity”.

How is growing?

In the genus phalaenopsis, there are about 70 species. Most of them are epiphytes - plants that do not root in the soil, but live on other plants. Epiphytes are not parasites, as one might think: they do not suck the sap from other plants, but use them as “supports” or supports, trying to rise higher to the sunlight. Nutrients they receive from fallen leaves (leaves, pieces of bark, etc.), and moisture is caught directly from the air - in tropical forests, where such plants usually live, with frequent rains and thick fogs.

Phalaenopsis, although they lead the way of life of epiphytes, usually do not climb high, settling down the lower tiers of tropical forests. Some species grow on stones at all (such species are called lithophytes).

Structure and appearance

All phalaenopsis are monopodial plants, having one short stem growing vertically. Right near the ground there is a rosette of leaves, the length of which can vary from 5 to 30 centimeters, depending on the species. The leaves, like all monopodial orchids, are rather thick and juicy, they accumulate moisture and nutrients that the plant uses during periods of drought. Some species have a characteristic pattern on the leaves - light, openwork and very beautiful.

Lovers of flowers, familiar with the representatives of this genus, celebrate their slender, tall stem, on which many large flowers bloom. In fact, it is not a stem, but a very long flower spike, which often branches. In the period of flowering in most phalaenopsis large bright flowers bloom, in form really reminiscent of butterflies.

In the period of flowering on one flower stalk, from three to forty flowers can bloom - their number depends on the general condition of the plant, in nature several hundred flowers can bloom on the flower beds of some species! Their color scheme is amazing - the flowers can be white, bright yellow, dark purple and even blue! In many species, the petals are covered with fancy patterns of stripes and specks.Their color is so bizarre and varied that in Europe phalaenopsis were called "a miracle of nature."

Flower size also varies by species. - from two to thirteen centimeters in diameter. Labelum (lip) of a flower is often of a contrasting color and effectively stands out against the background of petals.

Phalaenopsis aerial roots, just like the leaves, are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis and have a green color.

It is curious that in nature most phalaenopsis grows not strictly vertically, but at an angle of 30-45 degrees. Some species grow at all downwards, hanging from trunks and branches of trees-supports in huge clusters.

Then you can see the photos of the plant:





Growth conditions and life cycle

Orchids of the Phalaenopsis genus are considered to be the best orchids for beginning flower growers: unlike others, they are unpretentious, and it is very easy to adjust to their life cycle. In nature, these plants bloom once or twice a year, and at home with proper care they can even bloom three times.

A typical rest period for most orchids, during which the plant stops growing and blooming, is practically absent in phalaenopsis. Orchids of this kind grow almost all year round.This contributes to a fairly even and constant climate without sharp seasonal changes in temperature and humidity.

These orchids are so fond of gardeners precisely because of their undemandingness - they have enough heat and humidity.

Differences home and wild varieties

Phalaenopsis are loved not only by growers, but also by breeders - to date, more than five thousand breeding species have already been bred. Of course, they are significantly different from their “wild” progenitors - many varieties no longer have anything in common with them:

  • The brightest and most obvious difference is growth direction. Cultivated phalaenopsis do not need support in the form of a tree and grow vertically - in contrast to uncultivated species hanging from trunks.
  • Sizes of flowers - “homemade” plants have much larger flowers.
  • The number of flowers on the peduncle - and here already the “home” varieties lose to the “wild”, the flower stalks of which are whole huge clusters of dozens of flowers.

Amazing exotic orchids Phalaenopsis - a real miracle of nature, which a skilled florist can easily settle in their home.

But you should not be sad before the time, because:

• You can purchase painted phalaenopsis.

• Choose another type of orchid that will have an unusual color.

The second option is the best. Approximate blue color has, for example, the orchid "Wanda". But she has a significant disadvantage: the plant is very fastidious in its care. You need to have special skills to get acclimatized flower in your house and begin to bloom.

Another option is the Cattleya Orchid. It is unpretentious in the care and at the same time its flowers are very large, the buds are painted in light blue tones.

If we are talking about a blue orchid with a rich pigment, then you can be sure that the flower was painted. Many sellers do not hide this information at all and openly declare it on the labels.

But there are those who carefully keep this secret behind the bright colors of the buds. As a result, acquiring a blue orchid, through one flowering, the gardener discovers that the buds have changed color, become dirty blue, with pink veins or completely white. It's simple - the dye is washed out, and the orchid gets its natural shade.

Is flower staining harmful? Of course, because it uses chemical components that weaken the root system of the plant. Not surprisingly, such a phalaenopsis begins to ache and dry.

Blue Orchid - a miracle of nature. Are there blue orchids or are they painted? How to care at home

The developers did not hide the fact that the color of the plant is not natural, but the technology of such coloring has not yet been disclosed. It is only known that the flower is placed in a special environment where its petals begin to darken.

It is as easy to care for a blue orchid as for other species of this plant:

1. Watering. It is better to exercise it regularly. But make sure the ground is not over-wetted. Spraying the leaves is not worth it, in this case, moisture accumulates, which is detrimental to the leaves.

2. Feeding. In order for the plant to bloom well, it needs to be fertilized once a month. Mixes are desirable to purchase in specialized stores.

3. Microclimate. Orchids do not like direct sunlight. Ideally, they should be scattered. The optimum daily temperature is +25 degrees, at night + 16 degrees. There should be no drafts, in the level of humidity should not exceed 40%.

4. Transplant. Immediately after the purchase, you do not need to touch the flower, trying to transplant it. This will be a huge stress for the plant. It is better to do this in a year when the orchid is getting stronger.

What is behind the coloring

If we are talking about a blue orchid with a rich pigment, then you can be sure that the flower was painted. Many sellers do not hide this information at all and openly declare it on the labels.

But there are those who carefully keep this secret behind the bright colors of the buds. As a result, acquiring a blue orchid, through one flowering, the gardener discovers that the buds have changed color, become dirty blue, with pink veins or completely white.

It's simple - the dye is washed out, and the orchid gets its natural shade.

Is flower staining harmful? Of course, because it uses chemical components that weaken the root system of the plant. Not surprisingly, such a phalaenopsis begins to ache and dry.

Achievement of Japanese breeders

Blue Orchid is a great marketing move. The unusual coloring of the petals is amazing, it seems that you are looking at something unusual, even cosmic. That is why Japanese breeders started developing “real” blue buds, not tinted ones.

And in 2013, at the exhibition in Okinawa, the first results of the work of scientists were presented. Orhidea was named “Royal Blue”. Its petals had a rich blue tint, and the flowers themselves were small (up to 5 cm in diameter).

But at the same time there were more than 25 of them on one stalk.

How did breeders manage to create such a miracle? They took the usual white orchid "Aphrodite" as a basis. It is unpretentious in the care, well propagated. But the blue pigment was mined from the Asian "Kommelina". Such a flower has become a real miracle, which was invented by humans using a transgenic method.

Of course, the plant is not on sale. At the moment, this is a real exclusive.

What to look for before buying an orchid

Before you make a purchase, be sure to consult with the seller, the orchid is dyed or not. In 98% of cases, you will receive a positive answer. You need to conduct a thorough inspection of the plant. • You should be alerted by small punctures in the area of ​​the root system of the flower.

In this case, the dye was injected directly into the roots, which means that there is a high probability that the plant will soon die. • There are cases when traces of injections are noticeable on the peduncles.

Such a plant has high chances of survival, given the fact that the flower will be properly organized care.

• There is another way to achieve blue color of the petals - to water the plant with water with a special pigment. Many use for these purposes blue. But in this case, both the stems and leaves of the plant become blue. How the plant behaves is not known.

If you notice that the plant has started dropping its petals and leaves, you need to take urgent measures:

• Fully cut flower stalk. Most likely it is in it that the dye is found, which is detrimental to the orchid. • Inspect the roots of the flower. If they are rotten or painted, immediately remove them by making a slanting cut with a sharp knife. • Dry the sections and fill them with fine ash. • Throw out the old soil, buy a new substrate.

If these actions did not help, the orchid is no longer saved.

During flowering, blue orchid is most vulnerable, and may be attacked by malicious insects and pathogens:

1. Ticks. A spiderweb appears on the plant, the leaves begin to turn yellow, dry, fall off. To get rid of the insect, you can use a normal soap solution or diluted ethyl alcohol. In garden stores, you can purchase spray products, for example, Fitoverm .2. The scarlet. The creature is small, resembles a white worm. “Biotrin” and “Mospilan” help to get rid of it .3.

Rot. On the stems and in the roots appear small spots of brown color, similar to growths. Over time, it is in these places that the plant begins to dry. The reason - improperly organized watering and high humidity in the room. Correct actions: flush the root system of the flower, get rid of the affected areas, replace the substrate and ensure the correct microclimate in the room.

Blue Orchid is a beautiful flower. But they achieve such a shade in a real barbaric way, introducing tinting pigment into the root system of the plant. This causes stress to the orchid and in most cases it starts to hurt and dies.

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Blue Orchid - how the miracle of nature appeared

Blue Orchid is an unusual flower. A plant with this color appeared not so long ago on the shelves of flower shops. But not many people know that in nature such a variety does not exist. What is the secret of the flower?

This miracle of nature was first presented to the public in 2011. It happened in America (Florida) at the flower show. The plant phalaenopsis, or in another way, the butterfly flower, was introduced by Silver Vase.

Their flowers had a rich blue color and looked quite unusual. Less than 3 months later, another blue beauty appeared. This happened in Holland at the annual exhibition of breeders. The flower was called “Royal Blue” phalaenopsis.

There is no doubt who will win prizes in the competition.

But you still need to open a small secret.

The developers did not hide the fact that the color of the plant is not natural, but the technology of such coloring has not yet been disclosed. It is only known that the flower is placed in a special environment where its petals begin to darken.

The Internet is full of beautiful blue-petal phalaenopsis photos.

But you have to upset, blue orchids are not found in nature.

The plant simply does not have a gene that could color the flower in a similar pigment.

Blue orchid phalaenopsis: dyed or not, does it exist?

Many are concerned about the question - are there really blue orchids? Or those amazingly beautiful flowers that we see in the photo - just painted ordinary orchids. In the article we will clarify this question and establish exactly whether it is possible to grow a real blue orchid. We will also learn how to properly care for an exotic flower.

The whole truth about blue orchids

The question of the existence of blue orchids has become so acute due to frequent fraud. Often, the buyer, who became the owner of a beautiful flower with azure petals, soon found out at home that the flower was beginning to fade. And thus, the orchid gradually became not blue, but the usual white or light pink.

In this case, the petals lost their color due to the fact that they added an artificial dye to the water for irrigation. And when the new owner begins to pour clean water, the dye is washed away.

By the way, many shops of this fact do not hide, honestly warning that the color of the petals is achieved in an artificial way. However, buyers either do not focus on this, or do not attach importance to it, thinking that such flowers are real. As a result, such a purchase often turns into disappointment.

Blue orchids in nature, species

In natural, natural habitats, an orchid with pure-color blue-colored petals cannot be found. This botanical species simply does not have a blue pigment genetically. However, do not be in a hurry to get upset - you can in fact choose a flower with petals of other shades like blue: blue, purple.

For example, orchid Wanda. This is a wonderful beautiful flower, which is recognized as the real queen of the species. However, growing it is more difficult than common phalaenopsis. Wanda is capricious, requires special treatment and care: a novice grower can completely destroy a plant.

But if the flower takes root, it will regularly delight you with a delightful, lush flowering. And the color of indigo petals is no worse than dyed phalaenopsis: Wanda's petals may have a lilac-bluish tint, sometimes speckled.

Another variant - Cattleya. This type of plant care less picky than the previous one. Kattleya boasts fragrant flowers of a very diverse color (see photo). Among all the orchids of blue and purple hues, this is the most unpretentious and easiest to grow.

Cattleya petals are never saturated blue, can be found on sale only varieties with bluish, pink-blue and lilac shades. But even these varieties should still try to find. Note that, unlike other colors, blue petals are rarely large.

The Orchid of Cattleya needs to be grown in conditions of temperature fluctuations - it is in such unusual conditions that it blooms more intensively and more readily. And you can not spray the plant - Cattleya negatively related to such water procedures.

Where did the blue orchids come from

The world's first blue orchid was presented to the scientific world at the exhibition of tropical flowers in Florida in 2011. It was a flower of the phalaenopsis species. Raised this wonderful specimen breeding farm from South Florida. Of course, such an unusual flower chained all the attention at the exhibition.

Three months later, after an event in the flower world, it became known that we had managed to bring out another blue beauty. It was a royal phalaenopsis of beautiful blue color - Dutch breeders managed to get it out. A company that managed to bring a flower called Wonder Blue received a special award at an exhibition in Holland.

We note that it was possible to produce the blue orchid phalaenopsis through long-term laboratory tests, trial and error. But the scientists who brought out the flower do not hide that the blue petals are only a temporary sign, and the next time the orchid will bloom with ordinary white flowers.

And in this and in another case at the exhibitions were painted blue phalaenopsis. However, the staining was done in a special way - natural pigments that do not harm the plants. Conclusion - rich blue petals - this is not a natural sign of the plant, but only acquired, temporary. In nature, blue orchids simply do not.

How to make a blue orchid

As we have already figured out, blue orchid petals can be made only by artificial means, by coloring. That paint, which was used for exhibitions, is patented and its composition is kept secret.

And at home, you will have to use either food dyes or order paint via the Internet at your own risk. Particularly brave citizens try to paint and ink solution - however, this method is harmful to the plant.

You can paint through watering. The dye dissolves in water: the higher its concentration, the more intense the shade of the petals. Note that the stem will also become bluish - because the paint penetrates not only into the petals. If you stop watering with colored water, the plant will restore the original look after some time.

There is another way - the introduction of the coloring solution directly into the stem through a syringe. This is a more dangerous method than watering. Ugly scars remain on the stem after injections of the syringe, spoiling the appearance of the plant and causing it harm.

In order for the orchid to become blue, injections are also made into the peduncle. The paint in this case comes only in the flower, the stem remains the usual green. This option is more humane than the introduction of paint through the stem.

Place and light

It is better not to grow an orchid with blue petals in the brightest light. The fact is that under the influence of intense rays of the sun, delicate petals can burn out or even get burns. From the scorching sun, therefore, the plant pritenyuyut, but grown, however, in conditions of abundant lighting, not shade.

What soil is needed

The soil should be loose and nutritious. The composition of it is no different from the soil, recommended for all other types of orchids.

It is recommended to add fine pine bark and ground charcoal to the substrate. Before you add components, they must be disinfected with boiling water.

We recommend choosing a transparent container for the flower. Thus it will be convenient to monitor the level of soil moisture.

If the container has already been used to grow another flower, sanitize it carefully before planting. It is important that the orchid does not transmit the pests and diseases that the previous plant suffered.

It is also important that the pot has holes in the bottom, walls below. These holes are needed both for the removal of excess water and for aerial roots. On sale there are special pots for orchids - here they are without fail provided with similar holes.

Care features

What kind of care you need to provide blue orchid, we learn.

Watering should be in direct proportion to the level of illumination. The more light a plant receives, the more often and abundant it should be watered.

The plant is fed in a standard way, using mineral complex compositions for flowering houseplants.

The procedure is carried out after the purchased flower is brought from the store. However, it is impossible to immediately transplant an orchid: it is necessary to give it a week or two to adapt.

Before moving the plant to another pot, inspect its roots. Weak, rotten and damaged rhizomes must be removed. Sprinkle the places with powdered charcoal or activated powder.

Choosing an orchid in a store, it is better to avoid specimens with bright blue, saturated petals. These flowers are inflated with such amount of paint that they can cause considerable damage. Often after purchase soon such an intensely painted orchid dies.

If you are determined to purchase a tempting blue copy, before buying, ask the seller how the plant was colored.

Inspect the flower - if there are injuries on the trunk from injections, do not purchase such a plant. Injection of paint through the trunk is experienced by the plant heavier than other methods.

At home, it is better not to risk painting an orchid. Not all plants can survive the procedure safely. Better stop at one of the varieties with natural light blue or purple petals.

So, a blue orchid, like a blue bird, actually turns out to be a real invention, an unrealistic dream, a deception.

As already mentioned above, the blue pigment is absent in the genes of this botanical species, therefore the color can only be obtained by staining.

However, this fact should not upset color lovers: there are other varieties, the color of the petals of which is close to blue, lilac and purple shades.

Blue or blue orchid: fiction or reality

Colorful and bright flowers always attract attention and allow us to bring some color into our life. Therefore, each housewife wants to get a blue orchid, which, in addition to its exotic appearance, is also quite rare.

Blue orchids in flower shops appeared a few years ago and immediately won an army of fans. But unfortunately, after such a desirable purchase comes disappointment due to the fact that in the next bloom new flowers have a familiar or, one might even say, classic white color.

There is one simple explanation for this - an orchid is stained with a special chemical dye. Sellers place this information in small print on labels, but it usually goes unnoticed.

White orchids are used for dyeing, which after processing gives a uniform and saturated color.

How did the blue orchids appear?

The world's first blue Phalaenopsis was presented at the international exhibition of tropical plants, which was held in Florida (USA). Such a bold step was taken by the Silver Vase plant growing farm.

The plant aroused great interest among the public and just three months after the presentation, the Phalaenopsis Royal Blue or the Royal Blue Phalaenopsis was presented at the FloraHolland flower contest in Holland.

The Dutch nursery “Geest Orchideeën”, who presented this miracle of botany, won an award in the category “Sales Concept”.

It is important to note that manufacturers openly say that blue is the result of staining with a secret patented technology. Consequently, the next bloom will be white. According to the producers, the orchid is placed in a special environment of elements of natural origin and it remains unharmed.

Blue Miracle from Japan

Despite the fact that the orchids presented above were only the result of a successful dyeing, Japanese breeders still managed to create a transgenic blue orchid in 2013.

It was derived from the white Phalaenopsis Aphrodite, which is distinguished by abundant and long flowering. Scientists managed to introduce the gene responsible for the blue color. In turn, blue was extracted from the flower Commeline.

Unfortunately, such a copy is not available to a wide range of consumers and it is impossible to buy it in a regular flower shop.

What are blue orchids?

If you are still determined to purchase a blue orchid, then you should pay attention to the following types: Wanda, Cattleya, Phalaenopsis.

Orchid Vanda capricious care and requires a special approach. There are no difficulties with this flower only among professionals, but an unusual coloring is worth all the time and effort spent. Demand for this type is growing rapidly and can be purchased at almost every large flower shop.

Orchid Cattleya less capricious. Its large flowers also spoil the owners with their fragrant aroma. Such a plant without a doubt will be the main decoration of any home.

Phalaenopsis is considered the most unpretentious and easy to care for. Orchid of blue color will suit color lovers who do not tolerate odors, because the aroma is almost not felt. It should be understood that all the above orchid types have only subtle blue and blue shades.

Temperature

These plants do not like large temperature drops, the difference between day and night temperatures should not exceed 2-3 degrees (except when the plant needs a “shake-up”, but more on that below). With strong temperature drops (more than 5 degrees) rot may occur.

Ideally, the temperature should be the same regardless of the season.

Water the orchid once a week, immersing the pot and the hole in the bottom for 10 minutes. When flowering should be watered more often - 2 times a week. All Orchids do not like hard water, so whenever possible use thawed or rain.

Watered blue phalaenopsis immersion

Blue and blue orchids: what is behind the coloring. Secrets of care

Blue and blue orchids fascinate with their beautiful, unusually colored petals.

In stores, this kind appeared not so long ago, but it already gained love and respect for gardeners.

However, few people know what secret is hidden behind this unusual color.

Methods of dye injection

But unscrupulous agrofirms, in pursuit of easy money, paint orchids on their own, without thinking about the consequences of their forgery. And, of course, sell their creations as a sort Phalaenopsis royal blue putting the appropriate price tag.

Color substitution takes place with the use of barbaric technology. Conventional inks are introduced:

  • in spike,
  • root or stem,
  • by pinning.

Because of this, the flower is very weakened, and sometimes dies, poisoning by harmful chemical compounds.

Flower spike

If injections are introduced into the flower stalk, then the flower has every chance of surviving, and if it is at the root, it threatens him with death.

If the flower is stained with blue watering, then the shade, absorbed by the roots, spreads through all parts of the phalaenopsis, then the leaves and stems also become bluish.

It is impossible to transplant a dyed flower immediately after purchase - it will cause phalaenopsis additional suffering, which it can not withstand.

The remaining features of care are no different from the standard ones, only you need to monitor the plant condition more closely.

In any case, if the flower after such actions survived and bloomed with white flowers, it is worth rejoicing at its vitality and natural color.

If buds fall off

Sometimes a flower needs urgent help if you notice that it has started to drop buds!

  1. cut flower stalks containing chemical dyes. Sprinkle wounds with ashes,
  2. gently remove the flower from the tank and rinse the roots,
  3. inspect the roots and, if necessary, cut rotten and places where the ink was injected,
  4. remove the old soil from the pot and prepare a new earthen substrate for orchids. If you prepare the soil mixture yourself, then you need to add wood bark and coal to the ground,
  5. lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot, as which you can use expanded clay,
  6. To plant a flower in a new container,
  7. provide long-term illumination with bright but diffused light and temperature conditions in the range of 25-27 ° C during the day and slightly cooler at night,
  8. the air should be fresh and humid (from 30% and above),
  9. Once a month, the flower should be fed with special complex fertilizers for orchids,
  10. water the orchid as needed. She does not like water stagnation and spraying.

Blue Orchid Gene modification

In 2013, Japanese breeders of Chiba University, after two years of experiments, managed to genetically derive the blue orchid, which they presented at an exhibition in Okinawa.

The genetic material of phalaenopsis was used as a basis. Aphroditewhite color, which is famous for fertility and the ability to produce up to 30 buds.

A gene responsible for blue color and taken from the plant was inserted into the DNA of an orchid. Commelines. Despite the success, in the free sale of a flower is difficult to find.

Vanda Orchid

Variety includes 60 varieties.

This is an amazingly beautiful flower, but very capricious and requiring close attention in terms of care.

Cope with it, sometimes, only professionals can.

But if the flower has adapted to home conditions - then you will enjoy the pleasure of admiring the luxurious flowers, the color of which is not inferior to phalaenopsis.

Their color is as close as possible to painted phalaenopsis, blue-lilac with small bright spots.

Wanda includes not only varietal, but also hybrid forms, since it is perfectly crossed and gives many possibilities for selection, as a result of which petals of unusual coloring are formed.

Cattleya Orchid

It also has blue flowers.

It is not as demanding as Wanda, and is considered the most unpretentious among blue orchids.

Her flowers are large, fragrant and have several shades of color.

But still, it is worth noting that the natural blue color is not as saturated and bright as artificially created.

The buds of Cattleya are painted in light shades of pink-blue, cyan, blue or lilac, although this color is rare.

Watch the video: BLENDING acrylics Easy Solutions that Work #BigArtQuest #19 (October 2019).

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