Less than a quarter of a century ago, grapes were considered an exotic crop. But now, viticulture has risen to a new level. Now anyone can plant a vine on their site.
But always there is a problem, what sort to choose? After all, any of them differs from the other not only in taste, but also in many other factors.
In this article we describe all the characteristics of Russian Early grapes.
Description varieties Russian early
Early Russian refers to the table species of grapes. This means that it is grown to eat this grape fresh. The table varieties are different from others by the pleasant taste of the berries, their beautiful appearance, good aroma and coloring. It is to them belong Karmakod, Korinka Russian and Lily of the Valley.
In addition, they are a therapeutic food product. The people for its light caramel flavor called "candy" or children's grapes.
Appearance of grapes
This variety has a pleasant appetizing appearance. Its berries are round, rich dark pink color. The weight of one berry is from five to eight grams, and one bunch weighs at least 400 grams.
Romeo, Chocolate and Taifi also have beautiful bunches and berries.
Bunch It has an average density, while the clusters sit firmly on a bush and withstand transportation. The length of a bunch can reach up to twenty-five centimeters. The pulp in the berries crunches, well accumulates sugar, has a sweetish, moderately sour taste. Bush vigorous. The leaves are medium in size, heart-shaped.
As the name implies, Russian Early - early maturing. The ripening period is very fast, from 105 to 115 days, it ripens in August. This grape has good frost resistance, withstands frosty weather up to -23 C. Due to this, it is available for cultivation in the cold zones of Russia, such as: Far East, Siberia, North-West.
Super Extra, Beauty of the North, Arched possess high resistance to frost.
Productivity is average, approximately five to seven kilogram berries from the bush.
In the pluses of grapes can be written that he unpretentious and easy to clean. Among the unpretentious varieties are popular Aleshenkin dar, Giovanni and Denisovsky.
For planting, a pit is excavated about half a meter deep, and it lands in the fall. Grapes should be watered regularly to the berries are not cracked and thus did not attract wasps.
Pruning is better to do medium, but short is also acceptable. When pruning, particular attention should be paid to increasing the diameter of the trunk. Due to this, the taste of the berries will improve, their size and the size of the clusters.
Diseases and pests
Early Russian has a relative immunity to the following diseases:
- Mildew - A disease that affects all green areas of grapes.
- Gray rot - infection, causing great damage to the plant. The development of gray rot contributes to wet weather.
- Oidium - A disease affecting berries and green parts of grapes.
- Also, Russian Early is relatively resistant to ticks.
The most common and dangerous pest to which there is no immunity - Phylloxera (aphid-mistress). This stubborn pest destroys grapevines from the roots. Gradually, the grape reduces the yield, and after 5-8 years finally dies.
- Plant grapes on sandy soils.
- Flood bushes with water for three to four days.
- Destroy the already infected bushes.
- If the pest is on the leaflets in small quantities, the leaves break off and burn.
- Spray drugs (Fastak, Aktellik, Kinmiks, Fozalon).
Another equally destructive force is wasps. It is worth noting that they pose a threat only by the end of the summer, when the harvest takes place. At first, they are the opposite benefit. To combat the wasps there are such methods:
- The destruction of the entire colony.
In the morning, when the wasp is not in the hive, find it. At night, when all the wasps are back in their nest, spray the liquid against the wasps directly inwards. After that, remove and burn.
- Smoke bomb.
From the smoke wasps fall to the ground, where they are easy to crush. But be careful, you still need protection from their bites.
- Bait for wasps.
Make a bait near the nest. It is safer to pour poison along with sweet foods.
Great discomfort in the cultivation of grapes and bring birds. They bite the grapes and carry its juice to their chicks. In order to avoid this, it is better to surround the vines with a network in which the birds will not get entangled, but will face an impassable barrier.
In conclusion, I would like to say that Early Russian has an advantage over other table grapes because of your taste, ease of maintenance and early ripening. A big plus is also frost resistance, which means that it can be grown in more regions than others.
Russian early has a relative immunity to common grape diseasessuch as mildew, oidium, gray mold. And for other diseases it is treated in the same way as others. You can read more about such common grape diseases as anthracnose, bacteriosis, chlorosis, rubella and bacterial cancer in separate articles of our website.
Libya was obtained in the process of crossing Arkadi’s early table variety of white grapes with the pink medium Flamingo.
The hand of the same breeder belong to Asya, Ruta and Viking.
The variety Libya has been developed quite recently and has not yet become widespread. It is included in the Ukrainian State Register in 2011 and is recommended for cultivation in Moldova, Ukraine and southern regions of Russia.
Libya does not have a high frost resistance, but under the condition of a good shelter, it can well be grown in more severe climatic conditions. Thanks to its early ripening period, Libya also easily grows in central Russia and Belarus.
Early ripening are also Gordey, Harold and Pleven.
Summing up, it can be noted that the Libya grape is an excellent variety for the dacha plot. He has a lot of advantages and has a very small number of drawbacks.
Perfectly suitable for cultivation in non-traditional areas for viticulture and does not require any special knowledge and skills. The main thing - good care and timely processing. Livia is extremely unpretentious and high yields, and huge sweet berries with an amazing caramel flavor like both adults and children.
Grade of grapes "Libya"
Grape Libya is among the table varieties of early ripening. The ripening process of clusters takes an average of 100 days. With a uniform load of branches ripens the entire crop. An overloaded vine yields 70–80% yield.
The variety Libya is cultivated by crossing other grape varieties - Flamingo and Arcadia. Its creator is known - this is the Ukrainian breeder V. Zagorulko. A characteristic feature of the shrub are massive clusters. Their shape is cylindrical, but there are also shapeless brushes. In length Gronki reach 35 cm, by weight - 1 kg.
The fruits of the bushes of Libya are large and fleshy. The taste of berries - nutmeg, color - pink. The shape is spherical, oval or ovoid. The weight of each grape is 10 - 15 g. The specificity of the variety is the different color of the berries grown on one bunch. This is due to uneven maturation.
The bones of the berries do not abound, in each of them lays no more than 3 small nucleoli. The soft skin of the grapes is easily chewed and not felt when eating. After cutting grapes, the pulp retains its flavor and taste throughout the month.
The first harvest of Libya bushes with full-fledged care is given for 3 years. Plants go well in growth and stand out with a powerful trunk and light brown color of young. During the flowering period, the vineyard is hung with developed buds. The flowers of Libya are bisexual. Thick five lobed leaves create a shadow on the site.
Pros and cons of grape Libya
As noted above, the Libya grape variety possesses such qualities as early ripening, pleasant taste and attractive brushes. You can add them with other qualities:
- High marketability of grapes.
- Safety in transportation.
- Stable high yields.
- The duration of the shelf life (gronki can lie for a month and a little longer and without losing taste and form).
But in the comments left by gardeners on Libya grapes, there are cultural disadvantages. Agronomists write about insufficient staining of the berries, which is why the declared and the actual color do not match. Also, winegrowers note the weak resistance of shrubs to oidium diseases and mildew, although this problem is solved by prophylactic treatments with fungicides.
The disadvantages of low-temperature endurance can be considered as minus varieties. The vineyard can withstand temperatures not lower than 21 ° C and requires wrapping for the cold season. Nevertheless, the plant successfully survives in regions with a moderately cold climate.
Grape Libya: cultivation and care
Plant grapes better in spring. The site where the shrubs will grow should be open to the sun. Experienced agronomists know that Livia grapes have a need for vertical weaving upwards and recommend planting them on the south side of the courtyards. Residential and household facilities will be for plants support and protection from the north wind.
With the choice of soil for planting bushes in Libya, there are no difficulties, since this grape is unpretentious. Poor soil can be enriched with regular dressings. Light loamy soil and chernozem with deep-lying underground waters are considered ideal for the growth of berry crops.
Planting grape seedlings
Holes for seedlings must be prepared in advance. Their diameter must be several times the root system of the plant. More pits should be filled with humus. Even better - with a mixture of humus and fertile land. When the fertilizer is in the well, it must be covered with a layer of clean soil.
Then the seedlings are immersed in the pits, leaving the root collar above the level of the earth's surface. Bury bushes cautiously, and on the north side of the ground implant strong support, if the planting of grapes is not made behind the buildings. The planted shrubs are plentifully watered using three buckets of water.
Pruning grapes - the main event in the care of the vineyards of Libya. The culture requires a short trim for 2 - 6 eyes. For the correct formation of the bush you need to leave 4 main sleeves, but each autumn they should be shortened. Excess ovary to be removed, because overloaded branches do not allow grapes to mature well.
Gardeners recommend watering the vineyard 2 times in 1 season - on the eve of flowering shrubs and after it ends. In drought conditions, watering is increasing. But here it is important not to overdo it, because from the sharp drop in soil moisture berries can crack.
Top dressing of grapes of a grade of Libya is carried out by organic and mineral fertilizers. They are brought in by mulching, i.e. they spread the mixture on the soil with a layer of 3 cm. Potassium and phosphorus increase the crop yield. It is better to enrich the soil with them in late autumn, then fertilizers will go to the roots closer to spring.
The safety of the vineyard in winter provide shelter. To hid the bush completely, it is carefully cut and laid on the ground, then covered with soil, straw and film. Particularly in need of protection from frost young shoots. A wide pot without a bottom will help to keep them up to the warm weather. It is placed so that the seedling is in a circle, and sprinkled with soil.
Fight against diseases of grapes Libya
Mildew protects the vineyard in several ways:
- Processing bordeaux liquid on the eve and after flowering shrubs, and before cutting mature clusters.
Of the pests Libya berries are dangerous wasps. Save the crop will help cape of thin transparent mesh or fishing line, stretched between the trellis in several rows. It is advisable to place traps with honey or a pleasantly smelling syrup mixed with insecticide near the vineyard. Some gardeners have adapted to put ripening brushes in gauze bags.
Grapes of Libya: description and characteristics of the variety, planting, care and control of diseases
This variety is not yet widespread. The reason for this is its relative youth, since the variety was registered only in 2011. Viticulture lovers owe his appearance to the Ukrainian breeder Zagoruiko.
Nevertheless, the prospects of the variety Libya are obvious, because it has a number of unique characteristics, which include:
- high survival rate of seedlings,
- excellent yield,
- good table quality grapes
- ease of care, affordable even for beginners.
Planting and care
In the north and in the middle lane, it is recommended to carry out such an event only in the autumn, guided by the state of the kidneys, which should be closed. For regions located to the south, with a warmer climate, it is possible to plant in spring. When planting seedlings with an open root system, you need to use a clay talker for better rooting.
Planting pit should be about 40-45 cm deep, and at the bottom you need to arrange a mound and seedling roots carefully spread on its surface. In climatic conditions that require sheltered viticulture, during planting, it is necessary to leave several intact buds, having them below the ground level by 12-16 cm, the rest should be removed.
Under the conditions of unopened cultivation of the Libya grape variety, it is allowed to leave one kidney on the surface. Attention! When dry summer young sapling should be watered regularly. The shrub is formed in the same way as for other varieties.
The main operation in the care of grapes Libya is the timely pruning of bushes. The best results of the variety with a short pruning of 2-6 buds. Proper formation of a bush implies the presence of no more than four main branches, but each autumn they must be shortened. It is better to remove excessive ovaries, because congestion of the vine leads to incomplete ripening of the berries.
Watering the vineyard produced twice per season, the first time before its flowering, the second time, after it ends. In dry seasons, it is allowed to produce additional watering, but it must be careful, excess moisture often leads to cracking of the berries in the process of ripening.
Both organic and mineral fertilizers are used for feeding Libya grapes. The main method of application is mulching, that is, covering the soil with a layer of fertilizer of the order of 3 cm.
This should be done in late autumn, which leads to the penetration of nutrients to the root system by the spring, exactly when they are needed. Yield increase occurs when using potash and phosphate dressings.
Libya grapes can withstand temperatures up to 21 ° C, so in regions with lower temperatures, even if short-term, plantings need shelter.
Before you make it, you need to make a careful pruning of the vine. After that, lay it on the ground, secure with wire straps and tightly cover with dry grass or straw. Covered in this way, the vines must be covered with soil and covered with plastic wrap.
Young shoots are covered using a wide tank without a bottom, covering it with a sprout and filling it with soil. Instead of capacity you can use a plank box.
For the variety Libya the same diseases are characteristic as for other grape varieties. Especially dangerous of them are:
- Mildew - downy mildew. For the prevention of the disease, it is necessary to collect and burn all the leaves in the fall, and to clean the soil by copper or iron sulphate as indicated in the instructions for use. In the spring, soil treatment with fungicides after its loosening is obligatory. After the appearance of the first leaves and before the flowering of the formed brushes, spray the Bordeaux mixture. Before performing this operation, it is necessary to thin the leaves to ensure blowing bushes. The development of the disease is hampered by the presence of a sufficient amount of potassium in the soil.
- Oidium-fungal disease, powdery mildew. The first signs appear in the form of smoked young leaves, then a grayish-white bloom appears. The affected berries dry up or crack and die. The most significant harm to the disease is the fruit. If time does not take action, the disease can completely destroy the vineyard in one season. Measures of impact. Unlike mildew, copper preparations have practically no effect on this disease. Oidium is most effectively removed by colloidal sulfur, and the thinner the product is ground, the better its effects, penetrating inside the cells of the fungus, it contributes to the release of hydrogen sulfide, detrimental to the pathogen. But most often used complex drugs that contain copper and sulfur, affecting several diseases at the same time.
Cultivation and care
Like most large-table canteens, Libya appreciates care, responds positively to the increase in the agricultural background, prefers potash-phosphorus fertilizers. The hybrid is vigorous, therefore pruning is recommended short, for 2-6 buds, although other sources contain recommendations to leave 4-8 buds per vine. The load on the bush with 35-45 eyes.
Libya can be overloaded, which prevents the ripening of the entire crop. The high capacity of the cultivator, so in the summer in the vineyard will also have to work.
Before flowering, it is necessary to pinch the fruitful shoots so that the plant directs its efforts not on vegetative growth, but on the formation of a crop. For the same, it is necessary to remove the stepsons in time, and the inflorescences can be normalized to get high-quality clusters. Frost resistance of about -21C, with the risk of more severe frosts should take care of shelter. Young bushes cover necessarily.
Resistance to the most common fungal diseases of grapes in the variety is quite good, but selective. Livia is rarely affected by mildew and oidium, but it must be further protected from gray rot.
For this suitable fungicides such as Switch, Horus and Maxim. Watering the vineyard is carried out in case of insufficient rainfall. It is good to do this directly before flowering and during the growth of the ovaries.
If it rains during ripening, the berries can burst.
Livia's cuttings root well. In the fruiting young bushes come in the third year after planting. More compact bushes can be obtained by grafting on a short-growing stock. Another advantage of breeding a variety by grafting is the ability to use perennial peel wood. On it, the plants give larger clusters and berries, respectively, and the yield increases.
Young grapes are planted in early spring or autumn. Pits dig and fill in advance. In the first year, the growing shoots can be tied up to the stakes, and later the installation of strong trellis is obligatory.
For more details about Libya, we invite you to watch the video:
Reviews of Libya on the forums are quite numerous and positive. Winegrowers praise first of all the size and type of berries and clusters, taste and commercial quality. Some of them apply a loud characteristic “grapes of the future” to the variety. In any case, this hybrid is very promising and deserves the closest attention.
Features of grapes Libya
The history of the cultivation of grapes can be compared in time only with wheat and corn. Grapes are cultivated for more than 9 thousand years, and for such a period of time the breeders have brought thousands of varieties of this berry. Among the abundance of varieties, Libya grapes, bred by the Ukrainian breeder from Zaporizhzhya Zagorulko Vitaly Vladimirovich, deserve attention.
Grape Libya is recognized as one of the best super early varieties
Description of the characteristics of grapes
The grapes of Libya are bred by crossing the medium early pink variety Flamingo and the early white grape Arkady. The distinguishing features of the culture are considered to be the very early maturation and large size of shapeless clusters with pink berries.
Loosely filled with fruit bunch, without losing its attractiveness reaches 30 centimeters in length and weighing from 600 grams to one kilogram.
Oval or egg-shaped berries, often pale pink color reach impressive sizes, which range from 30x20 millimeters.
Libya berries are very large and dense
Juicy pulp berries filled with plenty of sugar, combined with a delicate flavor of nutmeg.
The skin of the grapes is extremely tender and does not feel when consumed, and 2-3 small bones inside the berries are easily separated from the pulp. The taste of Libya is simply excellent. Proof of this are the numerous positive reviews of gardeners who have appreciated this variety and successfully grow it.
Description of the merits of the variety
Description of the advantages of this variety includes:
- long storage,
- a cut bunch of grapes retains its taste for a month,
- does not lose its presentation,
- resistance during transportation.
The bush of Libya is very fruitful
In addition to the above-mentioned advantages of culture, the description includes high yields, which is achieved through very powerful, tall and strong bushes. Indisputable advantage is considered high frost resistance. Vine grapes are not afraid of frost to minus 20 degrees.
Description of growing conditions
Without a doubt, Livia grapes need proper care and careful care. Choose a plot for growing this variety with enough sunlight.
In the cultivation of grapes, it is important to give preference to light loamy, fertile soil, not forgetting the introduction of phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
It will not be superfluous to feed and mineral fertilizers (a description of the preparation of solutions for the vineyard can be found in any horticultural directory).
Clusters of Libya are quite loose
In the southern regions with a mild climate, seedlings are planted in autumn or spring, placing the seedling in the ground so that one kidney remains flush with the ground, and the second is slightly higher. In areas with colder conditions, where in conditions of harsh winter grapes need shelter, the planting is carried out only in the spring and until the bud break.
The seedling is lowered into the ground, without leaving the kidneys on the surface, deepening them 10 centimeters lower.
Description of planting grapes seedling
Landing Libya has no particular differences and requirements from generally accepted, but some of the nuances still need to be considered. In order not to be left without a crop, special attention should be paid to the preparation of the cutting for planting.
When planting the seedling must be deepened.
The description of the preparation includes several nuances:
- By the time of planting, the seedling should have 2-3 buds, good, undamaged roots, the cut must be green.
- Immediately before planting, the tips of the roots are recommended to be cut and processed with a special solution capable of stimulating their growth.
- The prepared cutting is lowered into a hole dug in advance, which should be several times larger than the cutting itself and half full of humus.
- To prevent roasting of the roots, humus is recommended to fall asleep with a layer of ordinary soil.
- Because of the fragility of the root system, it is necessary to bury the seedling very carefully, leaving two buds on the surface.
Description of grape planting by grafting
A more laborious process is planting grapes by grafting, but using this method, the bush will begin to bear fruit much faster.
Green grape inoculation produced in June
Description of planting grapes through vaccination:
- A prerequisite for a successful vaccination of Libya is the correct cut of the seedling, which is cut with a wedge on both sides.
- It is important to cut the lower part, slightly below the first peephole.
- So that the cutting is resistant to external negative processes and retains moisture longer, the upper part is lowered into the paraffin melted in water for a split second.
- Now prepare the stock, part of the old bush, which is being grafted. To do this, the old bush is cut off at the root, leaving a stump about 10 centimeters high.
- The cut is made smooth and smooth, without any irregularities and chipping. The split should be exactly in the middle and not deep, just to put the cutting.
- Placing the stalk in the split they tightly bind a piece of matter. In order to retain moisture in the stock, a graft site is smeared with clay.
Description of pruning grapes
Pruning of Libya is recommended to carry out in the spring and is considered one of the most important processes, which requires a special approach.
For high yield pruning is done short, leaving about 6 buds, and when shedding color pruning should be done medium or even long, leaving more than 15 buds.
To achieve the formation of large clusters and wait until the berries are fully ripe, it is important to regulate the amount of the ovary.
Pruning grapes Libya should be strong
It is recommended to leave no more than 3 ovaries.
By the end of fruiting, the variety does not need cutting of leaves, and the bush is formed without restrictions. In order not to damage the stems, the pruning blade should be sharpened perfectly. The description of this process must be strictly observed when performing pruning, otherwise the bush may simply die.
Description of diseases and pests
The grape variety Libya is considered resistant to infections and diseases. The most dangerous for this variety is Oidium, which covers the leaves with gray mold, and further inflorescences and fruits. In a short period of time, the oidium is able to destroy the entire vineyard.
Libyan berries must be protected from wasps from the beginning of ripening
A less dangerous disease is mildew, its description is compared with viral illnesses of culture. To protect the grapes from this infection, it is necessary to ensure good ventilation and proper cutting. Shrubs are recommended to handle a mixture of copper sulfate, lime and water. Due to the high content of sugar and thin skin in the berries of Libya, the problems in growing deliver birds and wasps.
Grapes "Libya": a description and the correct technology of cultivation
The grapes "Libya" despite the relatively recent breeding has already attracted the attention of professionals and amateur winegrowers for its quality characteristics and is gaining popularity in home garden viticulture.
- Grades: Nastya, Everest, In memory of Domkovskaya, Transfiguration, Buffet, Valek, Pretty Woman, Marcelo, Ridge of Sharov, Rumba, In Memory of a Teacher, Valentine, Alpha, Girlish Grape, Charlie, Bogatyanovsky, Brilliant, Pinot Noir, Pinot, Anyuta, Asya, Lora, Cissus , Syrah, Sofia, Lydia, Bazhena, Gift to Zaporozhye, Anton the Great, Alex, Pleven, Nadezhda Azos, Monarch, White Miracle, Muscat, Ladies Fingers
- Plant genus: Grapes
- Type of: Angiosperms
- Class: Dicotyledons
- Number of births: 14
- Number of species: more than 900
- All questions about grapes
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- Ask a question for free
The author of the variety is the Ukrainian amateur breeder V.V. Zagorulko, who received the Livia grape as a result of crossing the Flamingo and Arcadia varieties. Description of the variety is not yet known to every gardener, as the variety is quite new.
Grapes varieties "Libya" refers to the number of table forms of grapes with very early ripening. High quality characteristics, as well as marketability and excellent external data obtained by a hybrid from the parent pair.
Grapes "Libya": a description of the variety (video)
The grapes "Libya" forms crowns of young shoots of light green coloring with a complete lack of pubescence. The first sheets on the vine are practically solid. The leaves, located on the shoots above, have a five-lobed mid-dissected structure. Chereshkovye dredging open. Annual, fully matured shoots have a light brown color.
Flowers bisexual. Grape bunches are formed in large sizes. and have an average length of 25 cm, and sometimes more. The form of a ripe grape brush is cylindrical, a cluster of medium friability. Some grapes have pronounced branching. The average brush weight can vary from 0.6 to 1 kg.
Technical characteristics of berries
The grapes called "Libya" is of large size. The shape of the berries is usually oval or ovoid. The standard sizes of berries are 2.8 x 2 cm. Weight varies from 10 to 13 g.
The skin of the berry is very soft and tender, has a pleasant pink color. The flesh has a fleshy and rather juicy structure. Taste is very high: the grapes combine sweetness with a delicate nutmeg aftertaste. The level of sugars is 18%. Acidity indicators do not exceed 9 g / l. The number of seeds varies from one to three per berry.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of this hybrid form of grapes are as follows:
- rather high frost resistance - up to -21ºС,
- high resistance to mildew
- good yield,
- excellent taste,
- external attractiveness of ripe grapes.
For grapes "Libya" it is important to conduct a proper fit and adherence to technology care.
- Allowed as a single planting of seedlings of this hybrid form, and use in large areas of grape plantings.
- Planting trenches or pits should be prepared well in advance, at least four weeks before planting, which is a prerequisite for soil shrinkage.
- High ground water is the reason for the rapid rotting of the root system. In order to protect plants from death as a result of root rot, one should equip a quality drainage layer at the bottom of the planting pit.
- This variety is not too picky about the composition of the soil on the site. Nevertheless, preference should be given to light and fairly fertile soils.
- In the center of each planting pit, a support pole should be installed, to which the seedling will be subsequently tied for proper vertical growth.
Planted plants in the first week need abundant watering, the amount of which depends on weather conditions and soil moisture indicators. Also care for grapes includes:
- irrigation, which should be particularly abundant during the flowering period and very hot days,
- addition of irrigation with additional feedings, if necessary
- loosening the soil after irrigation with the most thorough removal of all weeds (you can reduce the amount of weed using sawdust or shavings as a mulching layer),
- harboring for the winter: in the autumn, the vine should be bent to the ground surface, sprinkled with soil and then covered with straw or dry hay.
The grapes "Libya" is very responsive to the quality of pruning and gives the grower a rich harvest of high-quality, ripe, juicy berries. The optimum for this variety is the implementation of a short trim for 2-6 eyes.
When performing the formation of vines, it is recommended to leave no more than 3-4 main sleeves, which in the autumn period need a quality shortening. In addition, the cultivation of "Libya" involves the rationing of the crop by removing too many of the emerging grape ovaries. Overload has a negative effect on crop aging.
After reading the relevant article on our resource, you can learn about the varietal characteristics of the Pleven grapes.
A relatively new hybrid form of grapes called “Libya” has found both its admirers and gardeners who don’t like this variety.
Many cultivators are attracted by such qualities of the variety as large and very well-formed brushes, beautiful and leveled berries of delicious color with a pleasant caramel nutmeg.
The grapes "Libya" is among the really popular market varieties, and its harvest is always successfully realized.
In order not to lose material, be sure to save it to your social network,, simply by clicking on the button below:
Grape Libya - a comprehensively sustainable variety for all regions
Viticulture is one of the main areas of gardening. This is a difficult and time-consuming process that requires certain knowledge and skills.
Before you engage in the cultivation of grapes, you should select the appropriate variety, familiarize yourself with its characteristics and growth characteristics.
The Libya grape is a versatile mid-season variety that grows in any climatic conditions and has become very popular among gardeners.
Description of amateur varieties Libya
This hybrid was obtained by crossing two table varieties - Arcadia and Flamingo. This achievement breeder V.V. Zagorulko is recognized as one of the most successful in modern breeding.
- The description of the variety Libya includes: resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions, mid-ripeness and simplicity in care.
- The term of ripening berries varies from 110 to 120 days. The first fruiting occurs in the third year after planting seedlings.
- Bushes are characterized by strong and tall growth, as well as good branching. Young vines have a light brown color without pubescence. Flowers bisexual, collected in inflorescences. Five-lobed leaves.
- varietal characteristic is large-fruited. On average, the mass of one bunch reaches one kilogram. The length of the fruiting brush is 25-30 cm. Clusters of cylindrical shape or shapeless.
The berries are large, contain juicy fleshy pulp with nutmeg flavor, which persists for a month after cutting the crop. On average, the size of a single berry is 30x25 mm.
The fruits have a spherical shape, covered with pink thin skin, which when eaten almost does not feel. The weight of one berry varies from 12 to 20 grams. Each fruit contains several small bones.
The description of this variety includes - excellent taste and nutritional value of berries. When the acidity level is 6-9 g / l, the fruits contain 20-23% sugars.
Another important characteristic of the Libya variety is its frost resistance. This hybrid easily tolerates lowering the temperature to -22 degrees.
In addition to the above advantages, Libya grape variety has good transportability and presentation. The shelf life of the crop is slightly more than a month, while the berries retain their taste, aroma and shape.
The description of this dining form includes a stable and high yield. Thanks to these qualities, Libya grapes were grown not only for private, but also industrial purposes.
Growing conditions and care
Of course, the cultivation of this culture requires competent care. This hybrid needs feeding in the same way as other grape varieties. Fertilize Libya grapes with phosphate and potash preparations.
Despite the fact that this culture is highly resistant to diseases of mildew and oidium, regular preventive measures will create additional protection for plants.
For these purposes, fungicides are used.
To prevent infection of the bushes with a fungal infection, which is typical in the rainy season, plants are treated with the drug Fitosporin.
- Planting of seedlings in open ground in the south is carried out in spring or autumn. In regions with a cool climate, bushes are planted on the site in spring until the vegetative buds bloom.
- At the site make the hole depth of 40 cm. At the bottom of the fertile land is laid a hill. Then lower the seedling, straighten the root system, fall asleep and lightly tamp.
- In regions with severe winters, where vineyards need shelter, shoots are planted so that several healthy buds are buried under the ground at a depth of 10 cm. The rest of the vine is removed.
- In warm climatic conditions, where there is no need for shelter, seedlings are planted so that one bud on the shoot is flush with the ground, the other - a little higher. The rest of the shoot is cut off.
- Basic vineyard care includes regular watering. In the dry summer, Libya’s grapes are watered often and plentifully.
- With the growth of young bushes build support. To do this, you can use the trellis or other devices.
Just like other grape varieties, Libya's hybrid needs pruning. From how correctly this procedure is carried out, will depend on the further growth of the bushes and their fruiting.
Pruning of the vineyard is carried out in early spring. To increase the yield, for this variety spend a short pruning - 3-7 buds. For large fruiting brushes leave no more than 3 ovaries.
This plant does not need pruning at the end of the fruiting period. As for the forming trim, in this case there are no restrictions.
To prevent damage to the vines, a pruner with a sharp blade is recommended during this procedure.
Due to the above advantages, the Libya grape variety is one of the outstanding varieties of national selection, which modern winegrowers successfully cultivate.
Guide how to plant grapes Libya
It is difficult enough to grow grapes without proper preparation. However, many farmers, both beginners and experienced, do not represent their farms without several grape varieties.
Before buying a sapling, you should be familiar with all the advantages and disadvantages of the selected variety. This article discusses the characteristics and characteristics of growing grapes of Libya.
Read the instructions on how to grow Victoria grapes.
The picture shows Libya grapes
Appearance and photo
The photo shows a bunch of grapes Libya
As mentioned earlier, the Livia grape is a branchy, tall bush, with a strong and powerful trunk. A distinctive feature is the large clusters of grapes. The main color of the berries - light or dark pink.
The picture shows a vine bush Libya
In the photo you can see the size of the grapes berries Libya
Pests and diseases
This grape variety has not very good immunity against some diseases. In order to avoid them, it is necessary to conduct regular treatments with special means. However, this must be done at least a month before the harvest.
The grapes of Libya are resistant to such diseases as mildew, oidium. Read about the beneficial properties of geraniums and how to apply them in everyday life and cosmetology on this page.
The photo shows a grape itch.
Pests such as grape pruritus and wasps can be very damaging to crops. In this case, only special means will help, for wasps around the vineyard it is worthwhile to put several traps - jars of honey, in which you can dilute the poison.
The picture shows wasps spoiling the grapes.
Mostly positive reviews about this variety. The main disadvantage of this variety is its intolerance to temperatures below -20 degrees. Read about the features of growing grapes in Siberia.
However, this grape variety is easy to transport over long distances - with proper packaging, it does not crumple and does not lose its qualities within a month. Therefore, many farmers choose this variety for trade and profit.
Where to buy Libya grape saplings?
Where to buy in the suburbs:
- Kennel "Kalina", w. Leningradskoe, 42nd km from Moscow Ring Road. Tel: + 7 (495) 781-77-21,
- Company "Vertograd", st. Yablochkova, 21, Bldg. 3, of. 2a Tel: + 7 (495) 755-11-73,
- LLC Sintez, 33 km. on the Moscow Ring Road, Vlad. 6 (2nd floor of the shopping center "Varshavka-33").
Where to buy in St. Petersburg:
- Kennel "Alekseevskaya Dubrava", der. Malaya Ivanovka (8 km from Krasnoe Selo). Tel: + 7 (812) 363-45-53,
- Shop "Green Fazenda", per. 6th Upper, 12. Tel: + 7 (812) 456-70-84,
- Gardening "Druzhba", Gatchina district, the array of Small Kolpany. Tel: +7 (905) 266-04-63.
Watch the video about grapes Libya:
Grapes Libya is a worthy representative among the Ukrainian grapes. This variety is not particularly suitable for the Russian climate, but, nevertheless, with quality care you can get a good harvest.
Description and History
Grapes - a plant with a rich history. The first mention of it dates from the sixth millennium BC. Scientists state the fact that, having originated in ancient Egypt, this plant, without knowing the boundaries, went on a journey. An ancient representative of the flora has managed to find its application throughout the world. Magnificent grape plantations, pleasing autumn clusters of juicy berries, can be found anywhere in the world.
Features of modern grape varieties
The modern vine is not like its ancestor. For many years, man was engaged in its transformation. Breeding has achieved some success in this interesting and appreciative business. To date, there are already more than 8,000 thousand varieties of this amazing culture.
Each breeding material has its own properties. For use in fresh form grown table varieties. As a rule, they have a rather attractive appearance, pleasant taste and aroma. Grape wines, brandy, juice - this is not a complete list, which is based on technical varieties.
Main characteristics of early ripe grapes
Varieties can be divided by ripening. They distinguish very early, early, middle, late, ultra early. The latter are quite popular in the plant.
Grapes Libya - a plant that differs in earlier maturity of the crop, which ranges from one hundred to one hundred and ten days. The modern hybrid quickly gained popularity among winegrowers. This fact is explained by the excellent characteristics of this plant.
The main advantages of the hybrid are large fleshy berries, high yield of the crop, fruit bearing, very early ripening and excellent resistance to frost and diseases. These properties were obtained after crossing two varieties, such as Arkady and Flamingo. Decoration of any collection can be grapes Livia. The description of the variety confirms this statement.
What will please new modern variety?
In addition to early and harmonious ripening of the crop, this hybrid has a number of other advantages. Berries of a magnificent table grade of rather large sizes. There are no more than three small bones in each fruit. Heavy cluster has a conical shape and can reach a length of thirty-five centimeters. When weighing such a miracle will pleasantly surprise with a kilogram weight.
The grape variety Libya has excellent taste. Large berries slightly conical in full maturity have a pink color. They weigh from ten to fifteen grams. The thin-crinkled miracle with juicy pulp has a very pleasant muscat flavor. Berries are quite sweet with low acidity.
Grapes Libya after harvesting for a long time retains its taste, and also has excellent nutritional performance. These properties significantly increase the shelf life and use of harvested fruit.
What characteristics does Libya grape have?
The description of the plant will be incomplete without a description of the vine itself. Shrubs of this hybrid sprawling and branched. Annual shoots are light brown in color. Over the years, they acquire a darker shade. Frost-resistant qualities allow you to endure frosts, which will correspond to the mark of minus twenty one degrees Celsius. This property greatly simplifies the cultivation of this hybrid. Young seedlings begin to bear fruit after planting after three years.
The plant not only tolerates a decrease in temperature, it is also resistant to many diseases. Not only the shoots and leaves, but also the weighty clusters themselves will not be affected by many of the ailments from which the vine suffers.
A plant with excellent characteristics will delight you with excellent returns only with the right care.
Features of growing
Variety Libya is quite productive, but many winegrowers refuse to grow this variety. The fact is that when growing, many growers make some mistakes that significantly reduce the yield and cause mass infection of fungal diseases. Therefore, in order not to repeat these mistakes, you need to have an idea of what work is necessary to be carried out on this variety, for each particular month.