Tabernemontana or Ervatamia is a decorative-flowering evergreen indoor plant, the name of which is unlikely to be remembered, repeated and spoken from the first time.
It is a shrub or small tree, densely covered with snow-white inflorescences. Interestingly, this tropical beauty blooms all year round.
For the beauty of an evergreen, abundantly flowering bush, and unpretentiousness in home care, not only collectors of unique flora, but also beginning flower growers love Tabernemontan.
The history of the names
Such a complex name was given to a flower by the French botanist Charles Plumier in 1713 in honor of the German scientist Jacob Dietrich Muller of Bergzabern (1522 - 1590).
Müller didn’t like his last name, so he translated the name of his native city into Latin, took him as a pseudonym, and became involved in scientific activities under the pseudonym Jacob Theodore Tabernemontanus.
He was a famous doctor and botanist, a specialist in balneology, and was the creator of the "New Herbalist", in which he tried to bring together all the knowledge about the medicinal properties of famous plants.
Healing properties of Ervatamia (the future Tabernemontana) were the first to be described in his “Travnik” by him. The first editions of "Travnik" were in 1588 and 1591, but the most famous was the revised edition of "New Travnik" of 1613 edited by Swiss scientist K. Baugin.
India, Ceylon and Singapore are considered the birthplace of the flower. There it grows everywhere, and has a very nice local name - “Flower of Love”. In addition, the plant can be found in moist warm regions of Africa, and in the coastal regions of South and Central America.
There it is grown as a street bush. In cooler climatic zones, Tabernemontana is grown as a houseplant, or rather, some of its species, which we will discuss later.
If you translate the name of the flower into Russian, it will literally mean “Mountain monastery” or “Mountain tavern”.
During flowering Tabernemontana becomes like a blooming Oleander. From here came another name for the flower - "East Indian Oleander." By the way, Oleander and Tabernemontana are close relatives, both belong to the Kutrov family.
In appearance, the flower is also very similar to Gardenia, especially their leaves are similar. In Russia, Tabernemontanu is often confused with this plant. "Gardenia-Butterfly" is the name of the locals of Singapore and India lovingly called Tabernemontana. But these plants have many differences.
Tabernemontana Plant - Description
Tabernemontana plant is a branching bush or tree up to one and a half meters from woody shoots. Pointed at the ends, oblong leathery glossy bright green leaves up to 20 cm long and 5 cm wide are located on the shoots opposite. Because of the leaves, a tabernemontan, on which the flowers have not yet opened, is often confused with gardenia, but it is worth blooming with fragrant cream or white terry flowers, reaching 5 cm in diameter, as the difference becomes obvious: form complex corymbose inflorescences. Tabernemontana fruit is a large leaflet in which numerous seeds ripen.
Growing tabernemontans at home.
Compared with gardenia or related oleander, the tabernemontana flower is much less whimsical, but its cultivation has its own characteristics. Like any tropical plant, tabernemontana requires a high level of illumination, so it needs to be located on the west, east or southeast side. Morning direct sunlight is beneficial for the plant, but in the afternoon it is better to shade the flower from the sun so that the leaves do not get burned. In case of poor lighting, a tabernemontan can get sick or refuse to flower.
Comfortable temperature range for tabernemontans in spring and summer is 17-22 C, although it can tolerate even stronger heat without losing decorativeness. The plant is happy to spend the summer holidays on the balcony or in the garden. In winter, the temperature of the content is desirable to lower to 15-16 ˚C. The lower limit is 12 ˚C, but in such conditions it is better not to hold tabernemon for a long time. Keep the plant in the cold season from drafts. You can not also allow a sharp temperature drop in the room.
Tabernemontana loves spraying, sunshine. It blooms easily with cuttings during vegetative reproduction. It blooms throughout the year with short breaks. Transplantation - 1 time in 2 years, drainage and replacement of the top layer of soil in the spring is obligatory. Loves soil loosening. Regular watering 1-2 times a week. Easily loses the turgor of the leaves with a lack of moisture, with timely watering is well restored. It responds well to spring-summer fertilizing with fertilizers for flowering plants and artificial lighting in winter.
It is perfectly formed: it reacts to pruning by the appearance of new shoots in early spring. Quickly and actively grows foliage and can languish for a very long time when blooming buds.
Soil for tabernemontana
As a true representative of the genus kutrovye tabernemontana, it is demanding on the acidity of the soil and the content of iron chelates in it. Therefore, the soil needed necessarily weakly acidic, with the addition of well-washed river sand. You can take the finished soil "Azalea", "Lemon" or make it yourself with the addition of leafy soil, peat, sand, if you have to add finely chopped sphagnum.
Why do tabernemontans turn yellow leaves
In tabernemontane, the absorption of iron by leaves is difficult, so the plant is prone to chlorosis - bright yellowing of the whole leaves or their edges. To avoid this, it is necessary to conduct regular feeding with iron chelate over the leaf or watering with citric acid. Usually dilute 1-2 g per 1 liter of water. Help and regular feeding on a sheet of drugs such as "Emerald", "Iron Chelate", the addition of citric acid during irrigation.
In addition to chlorosis, tabernemontana can also suffer from other diseases and be attacked by pests. So on the plant you can find the dry tips of the leaves - it is necrosis. Dying off part of the leaves or the appearance of holes in the leaves is also characteristic of tabernemontans. The main thing is that this process does not manifest itself on new leaves that appear, and on old ones this is considered the norm.
Among the pests most common are aphids, spider mites and scutes. Preventive measures against these problems - a warm shower 1 time per month, regular spraying of leaves, and quarantine of new plants introduced into the collection of home plants. To combat unpleasant insects, it is best to use the preparation “Spark of Gold” in sticks, which are inserted directly into the pot soil according to the instructions.
Attention! Leaf blotches on the lower part of the leaves are characteristic of plants of the family of kutrovye and are not pests.
Tabernemontana is easily amenable to vegetative propagation. Cuttings her well and without problems rooted in any season. Seed propagation is not recommended because A plant grown from seed does not enter flowering for a long time.
The ideal plant for indoor growing - tabernemontana
Home care (photo) brings real pleasure to amateur flower growers in dealing with such an amazing flower. Under room conditions, a plant that is considered ideal for home cultivation for its docile disposition and amazing beauty can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters. The leaves are oblong, glossy, leathery, green, with pointed tips and inter-curved protuberances. The average sheet size is 6-12 cm.
Tabernemontana, care at home for which the power even to beginners in the flower business, is loved by housewives for abundant, almost year-round flowering. Its peak is in spring and summer. White terry flowers resemble bells with corrugated petals, characterized by a pleasant aroma, are about 4 cm in diameter, white or cream in color.
Types of tabernemontans
Tabernemontana divaricate. The most common type of indoor flower. A tree or bush plant, strongly branched, with dark green leaves, glossy, located opposite. On the reverse side of the leaf, transverse veins are clearly visible. The branches are located horizontally, fruits are podpodkopodnye, sometimes in a light speckled, with juicy orange pulp. The aroma of white terry flowers is persistent, sweet, similar to jasmine. Especially tabernemontana, care at home for which does not present much difficulty, smells sweet at night.
Tabernemontana elegant. A well-branched tree, smaller in size than the above-described variety of tabernemontans, with a vaguely pronounced aroma. Unpretentious care: it calmly transfers frosts and direct sunlight.
Tabernemontana crowned. The plant is richly branched, has brilliant bright green leaves, reaching 12 cm in length. In the inflorescence there can be up to 15 buds, the disclosure of which occurs gradually. Flowers with corrugated edges of petals, up to 5 cm in size, medium-sized, semi-double, are formed at the ends of the shoots. The aroma is exquisitely refined, the flowers that have just appeared are more tangible.
The optimal development of tabernemontans depends largely on the correct lighting, which should be bright but diffused. The ideal option would be placing a flower on the western or eastern side of the home. On the southern window-sill the plant will need shading. Tabernemontana, home care for which does not require special knowledge, can grow in the shade, but you should not expect abundant flowering at this location. The plant reacts to a lack of light by falling leaves.
The shrub is very useful fresh air, so in summer the flower can be kept on the balcony or in the garden. Intolerably tabernemontana, care at home for which is absolutely uncomplicated, refers to drafts. During the budding period the plant is not recommended to be moved to another place.
For most plants, winter is a period of rest. With cool room temperature and natural light, watering, spraying and fertilizing should be reduced, and, if necessary, buds should be removed. In other words, before the onset of spring, provide a mode of rest.
At a comfortable temperature (+ 18-20 o C) in winter, you will need to make additional lighting for such an unpretentious and charming plant as tabernemontana. The care in the winter is performed as usual. Compliance with these conditions will determine the abundant flowering of tropical beauty throughout the winter.
Watering and spraying is an important care factor.
Being from a subtropical area, tabernemontana, the care for which is a real pleasure, needs high humidity, therefore, in city apartments, where the air is often dry, the plant needs to be moistened regularly. Water must be separated, thawed or rain. It should not be allowed to fall on the flowers of the plant. Watering in hot weather and an abundance of light is preferred abundant (immediately after the drying of the upper layer of soil) in the summer, in the winter - limited. With excessive moisture, the plant sheds leaves and ceases to bloom.
For the quality growth of the flower requires a nourishing soil. A key factor in the good care of the plant is its timely watering and frequent feeding.
If the edges began to exfoliate on the leaves, then the plant suffers from a lack of water, nutrition, or there is salinity in the upper soil layer. You can save the situation by transplanting or updating the upper earthen layer.
Like any houseplant, tabernemontana will delight in lush flowering when applied to the soil dressings. Especially their use is relevant in the period of active growth and development of the flower - spring-summer. To this end, it is recommended to use liquid mineral fertilizer for flowering plants, rich in phosphorus and potassium, providing long-term flowering.
Tabernemontana, care, the reproduction of which at home is completely easy, will please with lush flowering when entering into the soil 2 or 3-year-old bird's humus. Fresh product can not be used because it has a negative effect on the root system. In the summer period, a tabernemontan should be fed twice a month with fertilizer for flowering houseplants.
For growing leaves and stems, mineral fertilizer is recommended for green plants. Fertilizer watering is best done in the evening. Dosage - according to the instructions. It should be remembered that a surplus of fertilizer is much more dangerous than its disadvantage.
Pests and diseases of the tabernemontan plant: care
Yellow leaves. This feature indicates the damage to the plant by chlorosis, which can be controlled by acidifying the substrate, treating the soil with iron chelate or green vitriol and adding beneficial trace elements. Also, the flower often suffers from scutes or spider mites.
Occasionally, tiny white, subsequently yellowing and drying droplets are observed on the underside of the leaves. These are excretions of leaf glands that have nothing to do with pests. Such a sign indicates excessive watering or a sudden temperature drop.
With low humidity in the room and high temperature, one can observe the sticking together of not yet blossoming buds, which subsequently fall down. The young specimen flowers may fall with an abundance of buds.
Tabernemontana is characterized by the ability to form a beautiful, symmetrically developing crown, without the need for additional intervention. Pruning, which is best done in spring and summer, may be required by specimens that have grown from not very high-quality cuttings. Moreover, tabernemontana quite easily transfers the produced manipulations and very quickly grows. It does not matter which part was removed: flowers, leaves or trunk.
From Vietnam brought a bag of seeds of hydrangea (mixture). A few seeds planted. Together they all came up. And then I doubt crept in, the leaves are not at all like hydrangea. Began to look for the photo and received an answer - tabernemontana or pride. Since I have gardenia, my sprouts are different from gardenia. The question is: what will I grow from the seeds of a mixture of hydrangeas. I wanted three different colors of hydrangea, and I actively grow seedlings similar to tabernemontana. I first learned about this flower, or rather a bush. Now I look forward to the results, i.e. flowering
Tell me where you can buy this beauty
I have this plant for many years in height more than 150 cm. Depending on the conditions, the intensity of flowering. Highly recommend. Maybe someone knows how to use flowers?
Thanks, at high humidity, holes are also possible.
Goodnight. I do not agree with the author, the holes on the leaves appear when there is a high humidity. Especially when the cutting rooting goes under the cap or in a closed container in a mini greenhouse. It is worth airing and wiping condensate from the walls.
Dream grower Tabernemontana. Exquisite, smell reminiscent of "Jasmine Sambac" only more tender. The flowers smell stronger by night stay 5 days calm well. It does not need to trim itself.
Full bloom at night woke up from the smell and immediately photographed has not yet fully revealed. 1 Photo taken in the morning. Who will lead you will not regret blooming on phyto-light all year round and in winter!
Add your comment:
Fenestria is a strange succulent that is very afraid of water.
Help identify the plant:
(November 24, 2018, 22:05)
Tell me what kind of flower. Further.
(November 24, 2018, 21:11)
Help identify, please. Further.
(November 24, 2018, 20:31)
Some kind of scarlet, maybe aloe brevifolia. Further.
Comments on articles:
(Ficus benjamina - November 14, 2018, 14:58)
After the transplantation of the ficus two weeks later, the nachal is sprinkled. For a day, 7 10 leaves are dropped, as. Further.
(The phases of photosynthesis - November 11, 2018, 16:28)
well lucidly explained! Now I can crush clay through photosynthesis. Further.
(Sansevieria - - November 9, 2018, 22:12)
You can tie up, it will not be worse, but even so well, it does not seem to fall apart like. Further.
As we already wrote above, this decorative-flowering evergreen shrub at home can grow from half a meter to one and a half meters in height. The duration of his life with proper care can reach seven or more years. Its stems lignify over time, become strong and become covered with bark of a very light color.
On numerous stems opposite leaves are located, which have an oblong shape with pointed and bent down tips. They are glossy, leathery, rich green.
Amazingly dense and beautiful leaves at Tabernemontana! Less common varieties with leaves in the yellow speck and even variegated. Depending on the type of plant, the length of one leaf varies from 7 to 12 cm, and the width of 3 - 5 cm.
Thick short stalks complete the description of the leaves.
The flowers of the plant, often white, sometimes cream. There are flowers Tabernemontana terry or semi-double, with a diameter of 4 to 8 cm, collected in several pieces in corymbose inflorescences. The bloom of Tabernemontana is very similar to the white outfits of brides Bush as if the whole is covered with snow-white lace. Flower petals appear corrugated and wax.
Flowers in the inflorescence is formed up to fifteen pieces, but no more than three bloom at the same time. The inflorescences do not cease to appear on the tops of the shoots all year round, there are up to 20 of them on the plant.
Add to this charm still the wondrous scent that these blooming bouquets exude all day, and, growing stronger in the evening, they smell sweet all night - and you will be an eternal admirer of this plant!
Repeat - Tabernemontana blooms all year round! Do not worry that she will spend all her strength, will be exhausted and will die prematurely. If you follow the simple rules of its content, Tabernemontana for many years will delight you with its appearance and smell.
The peak of flowering occurs in spring - summer time. At the end of flowering, the ovaries form first on the plant, and eventually fruits, in the form of large dark green pods with seeds. Fruits, ripening, have a juicy orange pulp. Some types of Ervatamia have edible fruits.
Useful properties of Tabernemontan are known to people for a long time. In eastern medicine, the tops and roots of the plant are used to prepare antipyretic, expectorant and astringent medicines.
Used as a remedy for parasites. The extract from the leaves of the plant is added to the medicine for eye diseases.
In addition, the fruits of some species of Tabernemontanas are considered edible there, of which they prepare drinks.
Varieties and types
In the natural environment there are more than a hundred species of Tabernemontana, in culture they are much smaller. With some of the most popular, we will introduce you further.
Tabernemontana Divarikata (Latin Tabernaemontana divaricata) - the most common type of this indoor flower. This tree, with a densely branching spherical crown, large leaves have a rich green color. On the reverse side of the sheet transverse veins are clearly visible. The branches grow horizontally.
Large corymbose inflorescences at the ends of the shoots are covered with snow-white flowers. The buds are formed from five petals with corrugated edges. The aroma of white terry inflorescences resistant, sweet, similar to the scent of jasmine. This fragrance is especially enhanced by the night.
Fruits ripen in the form of oblong pods of dark green, sometimes, in a bright speck, color with juicy pulp of orange color.
Tabernemontana Elegant (Tabernaemontana elegans) is a well-branched tree, considered ideal for home cultivation for amazing beauty and docile temperament.
It is not as high and fragrant as the previous form. Its flowers are five-petalled, not terry, with a faint fragrance.
But this houseplant is the most viable and will easily transfer direct sunlight or slight frosts.
Tabernemontana Crowned (Latin Tabernaemontana coronaria) - this is a medium richly branched bush with glossy relief leaves of bright green color, reaching a length of 12 cm. The flowers are formed at the ends of the shoots. In the inflorescence, up to 15 buds can be tied at once, which gradually open into medium-sized semi-double flowers with a pronounced aroma.
Tabernemontana Holst (Latin Tabernaemontana holstii) - a rare species. A distinctive feature is its originally curved petals of white flowers, which are very similar in shape to the propeller. The shape of the leaves is oval-elongated, their color is bright green, saturated.
Pests and diseases of tabernemontans in indoor cultivation
If the maintenance conditions of a plant are often violated, for example, the air humidity is too low, it can be affected by pests, among which spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, thrips, whitefly or scytics are distinguished. Each type of insect pest is characterized by its symptoms, but the easiest to notice is a spiderweb on foliage, whitish small midges, green bugs, white cotton-like clumps in the interstices or a sticky coating on the surface of the foliage. If at least one of these manifestations has been identified, then it is recommended that the treatment be immediately carried out with acaricidal or insecticidal preparations. Then you need a week to spray tabernemontanu again, to finally remove the remaining pests that just got out.
At the same time, the following problems were noticed when growing tabernemontana:
- Falling flowers and buds due to sudden changes in temperature or low humidity, and, thus, can simply affect the rotation of the pot with the plant.
If the soil is too sour, then the foliage begins to turn yellow, the same happens when tabernemontana was watered with cold and hard water.
Excessive or insufficient watering leads to the fact that the edge of the sheet plates begins to darken and shrink, the same effect has a reduced humidity in the room.
Dark color spotting is formed on the foliage with the wrong mode of watering.
If the watering is done with too hard water, then in the near future it will provoke chlorosis - when the leaf color turns pale, but all the streaks clearly stand out with a dark green color scheme. It is recommended to feed supplements with iron-containing preparations or to acidify the water for irrigation.
Irregular moistening of the soil will lead to the formation of holes in the leaves.
Often, on the reverse side of the leaf plate, the grower may notice the formation of small droplets of a whitish color, which, when dried, change the tone to yellow. You should not be frightened in this case, as the plant, therefore, due to the abundant moisture or sudden temperature changes, is the secretion of juice from the glands. This does not bring any harm to the flower. If the humidity in the room has greatly decreased, and the temperature indicators have exceeded the permissible limits, then the buds begin to “stick together”, and then fly around without disbanding.
Curious notes about flower tabernemontana
If you are not sure that the representative of the flora in front of you is gardenia or tabernemontana, then, despite their external similarity (they belong to different families), the differences are the outlines of colors. In the first plant, they resemble a rosette (for some people, its appearance appears to be decorations on the cake), the same strong, oily-looking petals with a smooth surface and the same milky or creamy flow of the flower. When dissolving tabernemontane buds, a halo in the form of a bell is immediately marked, and the surface of its petals has a corrugated structure. In gardenia, flowers mostly grow singly, and only occasionally gathering a couple of buds together, the second representative of the green world pleases with corymbose inflorescences, in which the number of buds varies from three to 15 pieces. The color of flowers does not change with the whole period, and at first the gardenia pleases with snow-white or cream tones of flowers, but over time they turn yellow.
Tabernemontana: the best tips for successful cultivation
Delicate corrugated petals and glossy foliage of tabernemontans are desirable in the interiors of passionate collectors of unique flora and beginning flower growers. These evergreen shrubs bloom generously throughout the year, so they are worthy competitors in the market of flowering plants. We will tell how to root and grow tabernemontana at home.
Watering and feeding tabernemontana.
Tabernemontana does not tolerate even a short-term drought, so its watering should be timely. Between irrigation the substrate should dry at half the depth. In summer, the soil is moistened 1-2 times, in winter - once a week. Do not allow the earth coma to completely dry, otherwise the tabernemon will fade.
Tabernemontana is from the regions with a humid climate, therefore it needs high air humidity, which is achieved by spraying the leaves from a fine spray: large drops that fall on the petals will leave stains on them. Carry out the procedure 2-3 times a week in the hot season and once a week in winter.
To increase the humidity in the room, you can use a household humidifier or occasionally wash the tabernemontana under the shower.
Both for irrigation and spraying, water at room temperature that is passed through a filter or settled for 24 hours is needed. Once a month in the water for irrigation should add a few crystals of citric acid.
Tabernemontans are fertilized with mineral complexes for flowering plants once every two weeks, and to ensure that the leaves of the plant are always glossy and bright, liquid nitrogen fertilizer Emerald is added to the substrate.
Tabernemontana: home care, photo, reproduction
Tabernemontana is an amazing evergreen plant with a complex name, sounding in the Russian interpretation as a “mountain monastery”. A native of tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia, Africa and America in his honor was named Ya. T. Tabernemontanus - a German doctor and botanist (16th century), the creator of the "New Herbalist".
Tabernemontana: General Information
In the wild, beautiful tabernaemontana inflorescences (tabernaemontana) can be seen on the coastal zones of tropical and subtropical zones of Southeast Asia, America and Africa. Botanists attribute culture to the evergreen members of the Kutrov family. In temperate climates, the flower is cultivated as a potted plant.
Under favorable conditions, it develops in height up to one and a half meters, has strong lignified stems.
Leathery leaves grow oppositely, look very decorative due to the glossy surface and clear veins, which are often additionally highlighted by the color spectrum of the green spectrum. They are oblong in shape with pointed ends, 9 to 25 cm long. The inflorescences do not cease to appear; they are a complex shield with a multitude of buds. Depending on the type of their number varies from 3 to 20 pieces. Tabernemontana flowers in diameter reach up to 6 cm. They are double and simple, white or cream-colored with a pleasant aroma. After flowering, the ovary is formed, in place of which, over time, the fruit appears in the form of a large leaflet with seeds.
Propagated by seed and cutting methods. Culture is hardy, easy to maintain, there are some nuances of agricultural technology, which we will discuss below. For the environment is not toxic.
The ideal plant for indoor growing - tabernemontana
Home care brings real pleasure to amateur flower growers in dealing with such an amazing flower.
Under room conditions, a plant that is considered ideal for home cultivation for its docile disposition and amazing beauty can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters.
The leaves are oblong, glossy, leathery, green, with pointed tips and inter-curved protuberances. The average sheet size is 6-12 cm.
Tabernemontana, care at home for which the power even to beginners in the flower business, is loved by housewives for abundant, almost year-round flowering. Its peak is in spring and summer. White terry flowers resemble bells with corrugated petals, characterized by a pleasant aroma, are about 4 cm in diameter, white or cream in color.
Home types of tabernemontans
There are more than 100 types of tabernemontans, in their culture there are much less. Especially popular with modern flower growers are:
- Tabernemontana divaricata - differs densely branched spherical crown with large leaves of rich green color and large white inflorescences. The buds are formed from five petals with corrugated edges. The aroma of flowers is enhanced in the evening and at night. Fruits are oblong dark green with an orange core.
- Tabernemontana crowned - medium-shrub with glossy relief leaves of bright green color and snow-white tassels of inflorescences consisting of large semi-double flowers with a pronounced aroma.
- Tabernemontana is elegant - a small tree with a faint aroma of five-petal non-double flowers.
- Tabernemontana holst - this rare species is distinguished by the original curved petals of white flowers, which are very similar in shape to the propeller.
- Tabernemontana Sanango - is of interest to its petals, which reach a length of 30 cm, and edible fruits.
- Amsonia Tabernemontana - looks very decorative due to blue inflorescences and dark green leaves.
- Tabernemontana variegata - a species represented by a variety of variegated forms.
Optimal conditions for growing in the house
Thermophilic tropical guest, once in the house, does not require special attention and care. For growth and flowering, it needs moisture, light and heat.
In order for the shrub to increase its harmonious crown symmetrically, it needs diffused bright light. He is very fond of the sun, but is afraid of direct sunlight. An unpretentious flower will grow on any window sill, but it will be more comfortable on the east and south sides.
Given the characteristics of the climate in the home of the tabernemontana, it needs to create comfort at a level of 20 ° C at home. In winter, temperatures can drop to a maximum of 15 ° C. Hypothermia pot will surely affect its flowering. In the summer, the thermometer may rise to 22 ° C, but no more, because the flower feels discomfort in the heat. To compensate for too warm air will help abundant moisture.
Summer air baths on the balcony will be useful for the culture, and if possible, the pot should be put in the garden. In winter, the plant should be protected from drafts from open vents.
How to care at home
The main care for shrubs is the timely moistening of air and soil in the pot, and the composition of the substrate is important for flowering. Consider all the details in order.
The moisture-loving pot is very important appropriate level of moisture in the room, so water procedures should be taken seriously. Tabernemontana can not survive even a short-term drought. An earthen clod in her pot should only dry out half, and as soon as this happens, we need the next portion of water. In the hot season, weekly provide an evergreen exotic with 2-3 irrigations, and in winter one will be enough. Defend the water beforehand and make sure that it is not cold.
Watering the plant alone is not pleasing. Dry air in the house will be displayed on the foliage, even if there is water in the pot. The flower needs increased moisture, as in oxygen, and you will have to periodically spray it from a fine spray. In the summer, the procedure is recommended to be repeated up to three times a week, periodically replacing it with a shower, and in winter you can do only one irrigation per seven days.
Soil and dressing
Full development of the root system, and accordingly the crown, will be provided by light, moisture-permeable, friable substrates with sufficient nutrients and mild acidity. Ideally, the pH level should not exceed 4.5-5.5. When planting a sprout, a soil mixture is prepared from equal parts of river sand, humus, hard peat, and coniferous soil. Mixes for azaleas and citrus fruits will be suitable from purchased ground for tabernemontane, but they must be half diluted with sand.
Since the culture is very fond of moisture, to prevent stagnation of water and putrefying root diseases, drainage is obligatory in a pot. It is made of expanded clay, which fill the fourth part of the tank. Every month, earthwork requires additional oxidation. To this end, when watering the plant, add a few drops of lemon juice or 2-3 citric acid crystals to the water.
In order that the year-round flowering does not weaken the shrub, twice a month it should be fed with mineral complex fertilizers for flowering. Impeccable reputation with the means: "Pocon", "Florovit", "Etisso", "Bona Forte". Intensive biomass growth will contribute to nitrogen-containing "Emerald".
Young copies of tabernemontans need frequent transplantation. Due to active growth for the year they can be up to 2-3. A more mature pot will need this procedure every three years. For replanting, fresh drainage, substrate and pot are needed a few centimeters more than the previous one in diameter. Traditionally, the plant should be poured abundantly, and when moisture is absorbed, shake out the earthen ball together with the bush. In no case do not need to shake off the old soil and shorten the rhizome. The tuber is put in a new tank for drainage and filled with new soil, watered.
Reproduction at home
To grow a new bush tabernemontana can be from the stalk or from seed. The last option is preferred by avid botanists, since it is not always effective, but in any case requires a lot of time and effort. Another unpleasant result of the seed method - grown specimens, as a rule, lose their varietal characteristics. Therefore, for home conditions, the most suitable is the method of cutting.
Tabernemontana with such a reproduction will inherit all the maternal qualities, and rooting will occur in a short time. In order to get the desired sprout, at any time of the year, cut a 10-centimeter cutting with 2-3 pairs of leaves on a semi-woody healthy stem.
If the stalk will take root in the water, put it in a liter jar of warm filtered water with the addition of powdered activated carbon. If you want the roots to grow immediately in the substrate, prepare a mixture of equal parts of sand and peat, pour it into a plastic container with a lid. In either case, the greenhouse effect will contribute to the early development of the root system. Covering structures will periodically need to be removed, enriching the prevailing microclimate with oxygen. On average, rooting of cuttings will take from 1.5 to 2 months.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Unfortunately, tabernemontana is very sensitive to harmful insects, as a result of the vital activity of which leaves turn yellow, flowers fall off, the bush looks lifeless. Feeding on the juices of this tropical exotica is loved by spider mites, mealybug, aphid, scale insects, whitefly. Insecticides will help to get rid of sucking parasites ("Aktara", "Bi-58 New", "Fufanon").
Among the diseases most often the plant affects chlorosis. It is recommended to fight the problem by periodically oxidizing the soil in a pot (this is also done for preventive purposes), and it will also be necessary to spray the bush with a solution of iron sulphate or Emerald.
But remember, diseases and parasitic insects appear with improper farming techniques. Periodically carefully inspect the leaves of the pot - they will tell you about how he lives with you. If the cause of wilting are not attacking pests, then it is worth reviewing the mode of irrigation and humidification of the air. With a lack of moisture, gluing of petals and shedding them before the start of flowering is possible. Too elongated sprouts and pale foliage scream to you about poor lighting. The reason for the poor development of the flower can be covered in a pot and manifested in the form of root rot. In this case, the plant will need an urgent transplant with the removal of all infected parts.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
Tabernemontans feed fertilizers produced for flowering houseplants. This is done every month 2 times in the spring and summer.
Young tabernemontane transplantation is required very often, which must be done several times a year. Adult plants are usually transplanted at intervals of two to three years. For transplantation using a rather loose soil. It is possible to use a mixture of humus leaf soil, sand and peat in equal quantities. This flower can grow well both on weakly acid and weakly alkaline soil. Tabernemontane simply needs good drainage.
Good tabernemontana at any time of the year. Its beautiful relief glossy leaves with protruding veins and short petioles protrude in perfect harmony with snow-white flowers, gathered in three to fifteen pieces in the corymboid inflorescences. The charm of flowers complements the wonderful aroma, which is enhanced by the evening. It is often confused with the plant gardenia home.
However, these plants belong to different botanical families and can be distinguished by a simple test: tabernemontana contains milky juice in shoots and leaves, and gardenia does not. In addition, the flowers of the tabernemontans throughout the entire flowering period retain the original color.
The most common in room culture is tabernemontana terry spread wide with amazingly beautiful flowers that reach up to eight centimeters.
Tabernemontana home care
The tabernemonta flower can grow in partial shade, but it will either not bloom at all, or the flowering will be weak. For a rich flowering period, she needs sunlight of at least four to five hours a day.
The peak of flowering occurs in the summer, but if the owner does not stint on additional lighting - tabernemontana blooms in December. In this case, light spraying will not be superfluous, but not on the buds and warm shower.
If additional lighting is not supposed, arrange the plant in a cool place with a temperature of fifteen to seventeen degrees, and at the same time reduce watering - this will help the tabernemontane survive short winter days. The rest period is usually arranged for one and a half to two months and is attributed to the months with the shortest light day.
Transplant flower tabernemontana
In the spring and summer periods, the tabernemontana plant grows quickly, and therefore the young specimen rolls over twice a year, without breaking the earthy coma, and the adult once a year. It is better to do this in February, two to three weeks before the formative trim. A new pot should be larger than the previous one by three to four centimeters in diameter. Good drainage at the bottom of the pot is required.
When transplanting, do not damage the roots, and after it for a while, slightly reduce watering and eliminate feeding for one and a half to two months, in order to prevent rotting of broken off roots.
Land for Tabernemontana
Substrate need subacid. It can be prepared independently from light leafy soil, humus, coarse sand and peat taken in equal quantities. If you are used to using ready-made substrates, mix the lemon and azalea soils equally and add a fifth of the sand or perlite for looseness.
Feeding for fast-growing tabernemontans is very important, because flowering, which lasts about eight months, takes a lot of energy. In the period of growth every ten to fifteen days, feed it, alternating between fertilizers for flowering plants and organic matter.
Tabernemontana breeding cuttings
Tabernemontans are propagated by cutting. These can be apical or stem semi-lignified cuttings with two or three internodes. The lower cut is usually made oblique. Released lacteal juice is washed off with warm running water. The upper cut on the stem cutting is done over the node with axillary buds.
To speed up rooting, cuttings are kept in the stimulator, root or zircon solution for a day. And then rooted either in water with the addition of a piece of coal, or in a light mixture of coarse sand, peat and sphagnum moss. It is best to use a greenhouse with underheating. If it is not there, the container with the cuttings must be covered with a cap and put in a warm place.
Tabernemontana disease and difficulty
- Tabernemontana leaves turn yellow - the plant is prone to the disease of chlorosis. Use only a slightly acidic substrate for transplantation, feed the plant in a timely manner and treat the leaflet with a solution of microelements in the concentration indicated on the package.
- Leaky leaves with torn edges can form with excessive and uneven watering, not watered for ten days, and after watering left water in the pan, as well as rooting cuttings in greenhouses, with too high humidity of the tabernemontans, holes also form. At first, slightly moist spots appear on the surface and along the edge of the leaves. Then the damaged tissues dry up and fall off, and holes and irregularities form in their place. In the end, tabernemontana was completely exposed.
- Light bumps on the underside of a leaflet, typical of many kutrovs, are perceived by growers as pests. In fact, the leaves and stalks have tubules containing milky juice. From time to time it protrudes on the surface and freezes.
Tabernemontana: care and reproduction
Tabernemontana is a magnificent plant with fragrant fragrant flowers. You can admire tabernemonta infinitely: the flowering of an adult plant evokes bright aesthetic emotions, and a unique aroma gives a feeling of purity and freshness. Belongs to the family kutrovyh.
The leaves are glossy, bright green at a young age and brighter when mature. Flowers - double and simple, with a corrugated edge, with a diameter of 3 to 5 cm white, cream or yellow, depending on the variety.
Also known variegated varieties with bright marble pattern on the leaves.
Tabernemontana is sometimes confused with gardenia. They are in fact very similar, but they belong to different families. Gardenia belongs to the marenov family and is a far more naughty plant than tabernemontana. But this beauty has some whims.
Loves warmth. The most suitable temperature for the maintenance of such a plant is from 18 to 25 degrees. In summer, it is recommended to take it out to the street (to the garden, to the balcony). In winter, the air temperature in the room where the tree is located should not fall below 15 degrees. Does not tolerate drafts.
Increased humidity is necessary, but at the same time the tabernemontana can adapt to the dry air of city apartments, but in any case it is necessary to systematically moisten the foliage from the sprayer. Well-settled water is used for this. It should also be remembered that this plant is better to spray more often than to water.
While the plant is young it should be subjected to frequent transplantations (up to several times a year). Adult copy is subjected to this procedure 1 time in 2 or 3 years. A suitable substrate should be loose and permeable.
To prepare the earth mix, combine the humus and leaf soil, peat, perlite and sand, which should be taken in equal shares. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the tank.
Suitable for planting as a weak acid and slightly alkaline soil.
You can multiply this plant at any time. Cut the apical stalk, which should be semi-woody, and its length - from 8 to 10 centimeters. Rinse the slice under running warm water to remove the milky juice, as it clogs the vessels of the tabernemontans.
In order for roots to appear faster, treat them with growth-stimulating agents (Heteroauxin, Cornevin). Planting is made in a small container, and on top of the cutting should be covered with a plastic bag or a can of glass.
Clean in heat (about 22 degrees) and do not forget to systematically air. Rooting will occur in about 4 weeks or later. When the roots no longer fit in the pot, the plant should be rolled into a larger container.
The development of such a plant is relatively rapid, and after some time after the appearance of the roots, flowering may begin.
Pests and diseases
Most often sick with chlorosis. To avoid this, treatment with iron sulfate or iron chelate is necessary, and it is also necessary to acidify the substrate and introduce trace elements.
It can settle on a tree scypivka or spider mite.
It happens that small whitish, droplets that dry out over time and become yellowish form on the seamy surface. This is a natural process of excretion of substances from the leaf glands. They can be formed as a result of waterlogging of the soil or with a sudden change in temperature. They do not harm the tree.
If the room is too hot and low humidity, the buds can stick together and die off without opening.
Tabernemontana divaricata (Tabernaemontana divaricata)
This evergreen, highly branched plant is represented by trees as well as shrubs. There are large dark green, shiny leaves, which are located opposite. In length, they can reach from 15 to 20 centimeters and have an oblong shape with pointed tips.
Transversely located veins are clearly visible on the inside surface of the leaf plate. The arrangement of the branches is almost horizontal. Terry or simple flowers, painted white, have a five-lemmed halo, with the petals slightly curved in a spiral.
The smell is quite persistent and similar to the scent of jasmine. At the same time at night the aroma becomes sharper. The fruit has a pod-like shape. Its outer part can be wrinkled or smooth and dyed in dark green, sometimes light spots can be seen on the surface.
Juicy flesh has an orange color.
Tabernemontana topped (Tabrnaemontana coronaria)
This evergreen tree is highly branched. Glossy oval leaves with pointed tips painted in rich green color. Their length can vary from 6 to 12 centimeters, and width - from 5 to 8 centimeters.
The sheet plate is convex between the veins, which are clearly visible on the seamy surface, which has a lighter color. Bookmark flower buds occur on the tops of the stems. At the same time, 2 lateral growth buds wake up. By the beginning of the flowering period, 2 small leaflets appear from such buds.
And when flowering ends, the stems begin to grow rapidly. After 2, 3 or 4 internodes, flower buds are laid again and the branches are split in two. The inflorescence bears 3-15 buds, which open gradually.
Small (diameter of 3-5 centimeters) semi-double flowers have delicate petals that are crimped along the edge. They are distinguished by a refined and delicate smell, while it is the strongest among the recently opened flowers.
Tabernemontana - species, care, breeding
Tabernemontana (Tabernaemontana) - It is an evergreen flowering shrub of the family Kutrovyh (Apocynaceae), the birthplace of which are tropical and subtropical regions of America and Africa, as well as in Southeast Asia. The plant grows mainly in the coastal zone.
The German physicist and botanist J. T. von Bergzabern, who lived in the 16th century and was named by his own name translated into Latin, assigned such a complex name to the plant. In the Russian interpretation, it can literally sound like a mountain tavern or mountain monastery.
Tabernemontana in room conditions grows to a height of 1.5 m. The leaves are green, glossy, leathery and oblong. The tips of the leaves are pointed, and the length of the leaf depends on the species and can be 7-20 cm in length and 3-5 cm in width.
The diameter of the flowers is up to 4 cm, the color can be cream and white, terry, emit a pleasant smell. Tabernemontana blooms throughout the year.
Tabernemontana is often confused with gardenia. Their leaves are really very similar. But once the flowers bloom and the differences become immediately replaced, the flowers of the tabernemontans look like bells with corrugated petals, and in gardenia they are rather like a rose.
Tabernemontana divaricata (Tabernaemontana divaricata) - An evergreen, well-branched bush or tree plant with large glossy, dark green opposite leaves, about 15-20 cm long, oblong in shape, pointed at the end. On the reverse side of the leaf, transverse veins clearly protrude.
The branches on the bush are located almost horizontally. The flowers are white, the corolla of the fivefold, the petals of the flower are slightly curved in a spiral, simple or double. The aroma of flowers is very persistent, reminiscent of the smell of jasmine, especially the aroma is enhanced at night.
The fruit is pod-like, on top of a dark green color, smooth or wrinkled, sometimes with a light speck, the flesh is orange and juicy.
Tabernemontana elegant (Tabernaemontana elegans) - An evergreen well-branched tree, outwardly similar to Tabernemontana divarikata, but slightly smaller in size. It is less fragrant, but more unpretentious and more resistant to direct sunlight and frost.
Tabernemontana topped (Tabrnaemontana coronaria) - strongly branched evergreen tree with brilliant bright green leaves of oval shape, with a pointed tip, 6-12 cm long and 5-8 cm wide.
The leaves are convex between the veins, clearly standing out on a lighter reverse side. Flower buds are laid on the top of the shoot, while simultaneously waking up two lateral growth buds.
By the time of flowering, a pair of small leaves grows from these buds and at the end of flowering shoots begin to grow rapidly and after 2-4 internodes flower buds are laid again and the branches split. In the inflorescence can be from 3 to 15 buds, opening gradually.
The flowers are not large, from 3 to 5 cm., Semi-double, with delicate, corrugated on the edge of the petals. The aroma is refined and delicate, the strongest in the newly discovered flowers.
Tabernemontana prefers bright ambient lighting. For growing well fit the windows of the western and eastern orientation.
Tabernemontana is a rather thermophilic plant, the optimal temperature is + 18-2% ° С. In summer, he feels good on the balcony or in the garden in the open air. In winter, tabernemontana can transfer the temperature not lower than 15 ° С. Afraid of drafts.
Tabernemontana needs high air humidity, although it can come to terms with dry air in city apartments, but still the plant needs to be sprayed periodically. Spraying is carried out with separated water. You also need to follow the rule: it is better to spray once again than to water.
Tabernemontana is sensitive to waterlogging, so watering in summer is moderate, in winter it is limited.
In spring and summer, the tabernemont is fed 2 times a month with fertilizers for flowering houseplants.
Young tabernemontans need to be transplanted very often, even several times a year. Older plants are transplanted every 2-3 years.
The soil for transplantation should be sufficiently loose, and at the same time it is good to pass water. You can mix a mixture of peat, leaf, humus soil, sand and perlite in equal parts. Tabernemontana needs good drainage.
The plant grows well in both weakly alkaline and weakly acidic soil.
Tabernemontana with double flowers
Tabernemontana can be propagated at any time of the year. To do this, cut semi-woody apical cuttings 8–10 cm long. The milky sap that protrudes at the section should be washed off with warm running water to avoid clogging of the plant’s vessels. For better rooting, cuttings can be processed with root formation stimulants (Kornevin, Heteroauxin).
The cuttings are planted in small pots, covered with a transparent bag or a glass jar on top and kept at a temperature of at least + 22 ° C, regularly ventilated. The roots appear after a month or a bit later. After the roots are covered with a clod of earth, the plant should be transferred to a larger pot.
Tabernemontana develops quite quickly and may bloom soon after rooting.
Tabernemontana with simple flowers
Diseases and pests
The most common disease is chlorosis. Acidification of the substrate, treatment with iron chelate or iron sulphate, the introduction of trace elements helps.
Of the pests most common spider mite and scythe.
Sometimes tiny white leaves appear on the underside of the leaves, then drying and yellowing droplets. These are excretions of leaf glands and they have nothing to do with pests.
These droplets appear with excessive watering and with a sharp temperature drop, but the plant is absolutely not harmed.
In rooms with high temperature and low humidity, one can observe “sticking” and the subsequent falling off of unblown buds.
Tabernemontans can be trimmed at any time of the year: the plant recovers very quickly, so it can be given any shape. For sanitary purposes, shoots and branches growing to the depth, broken and overgrown should be removed, and a trim bush or a tree with a stem can be made from tabernemont with a trimming cutter. Pruning stimulates tabernacle tillering, making her crown thicker and more magnificent.
Transplantation and reproduction of tabernemontans.
One of the few difficulties of growing tabernemontans at home is the need for frequent plant transplants. Young tabernemontans have to be transplanted 2-3 times a year, but adult flowers can change the pots and the substrate once every 2-3 years. Transplantation is carried out in February by the method of transshipment, not destroying the earthen clod on the roots of the plant. A new pot should be 3-4 cm larger than the previous one.
The drainage layer should occupy at least a quarter of the volume of the pot. After transplantation, reduce watering of the tabernemontans and stop feeding in one and a half to two months.
Tabernemontana is propagated by seeds and grafting. Seed propagation - a very time-consuming and long-term way, so it is mainly resorted to by experts or amateurs with extensive experience. Tabernemontan seeds are germinated under diffused light at a temperature of 18 ˚C. Seedlings can appear in about a month, and tabernemontana from seeds will bloom in two years.
Cuttings allows you to get a new plant in a shorter time than is expected from growing from seed. You will need pieces of healthy, mature shoots 8-12 cm long with two or three pairs of leaves. The cuttings are cut at a right angle, wash off the milky juice that has protruded on the cut, process the cut with a root formation stimulator and place it for rooting in water or a substrate.
In the first case use water passed through the filter with wood or activated carbon dissolved in it. The cutting placed in water by a stalk is covered with a plastic bag to create conditions of high humidity for it.
In the second case For peeling, peat-sand mixture is used, which is placed in a plastic container with a transparent high lid. The cuttings are slightly buried in a moist soil and the container is covered with a transparent lid to create a greenhouse effect. Once a day, the bag or cover should be removed for a few minutes for ventilation, and the substrate should be kept in a slightly damp state all the time. Tabernemontana takes root for an average of 1-2 months, and seedlings from the cuttings bloom in the first year.
Tabernemontan pests and control.
At home, a tabernemontan can suffer from insects, aphids, whiteflies and mealybugs. All these sucking pests feed on the plant sap. They are destroyed with insecticidal preparations, however, before processing, the insects and insects must be mechanically removed from the leaf axils and the underside of the leaf plates. It is best to do it with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Treatment with insecticides (Aktellik, Aktar, Decis and the like) should be carried out in the open air, as these compounds are toxic. Remember to protect your face and hands from getting solution on them.