Garden

How to deal with insects and slugs in the garden

In order to protect yourself and your relatives, as well as your pets, from the harmful effects (effects) of your preparations against harmful insects spoiling the branches of the garden trees, you will need to evaluate the following directions. Here they are:

  • You need to choose the least dangerous for humans anti-insect drug.
  • Be sure to stop your choice on the chemical content of drugs that will not be harmful to the environment and will not harm nature.
  • Try not to use the chosen remedy often to avoid extermination of certain species of insects, which in the end may have a bad effect on the further development of the flora and fauna.
  • If possible, use repellents that do the same as special chemicals, but without harm, in a natural way. This is due to the release and release of special substances - fintontsidov (garlic, white mustard, sage, bitter wormwood, celery, tomatoes, mint, onions, tansy, it all depends on the neighboring plants).

Assessing all the risk factors and choosing the option of using special drugs, you need to familiarize yourself with the direction of their action in order to choose the most suitable one.

What are garden pests?

Among all the pests in the garden are five of the most common in their numbers:

  • Feeding on the bark of trees. This includes bark beetles and mites, using parts of plants for shelter and pupation.
  • Eaters of young green shoots and foliage (caterpillars, beetles, moths).
  • Fruit pests (insects who like to eat fruit from the trees, penetrate through the deposition of larvae).
  • Aphid. It is a tree sap consumer. It is dangerous that its population is always large, besides, insects choose their place for the next feeding together. If such an array of trees settles in the bark of trees, it will quickly drain the entire garden.
  • Caterpillar (silkworm, leafworm and others). Eats everything, even the leaves.
  • Cherry fly Loves trees such as cherries or cherries.
  • Garden Nematode. Laying eggs in parts of plants, quickly multiplies and destroys primarily green shoots. The presence of nematodes is indicated by red spots.
  • Weevil beetle. After his visit, the trees in the garden stop the development of their shoots and fruits.

Among the known insect pests of the garden there are dozens of species, so it is better when choosing a remedy for them, you should opt for universal options, eliminating several species at once.

Bio-preparations

  • A tablet of complex action Spark, which is easily dissolved in water (immediately kills sixty species of insects, including aphids and weevils). It enjoys the glory of universality and “quick action”, that is, a means capable of resisting pests with a lightning effect, although it is usually called a “double effect”. Produced with potash supplements to help the restoring parts of the plant.
  • Bio-drug Spark from ticks and directional aphids. Usually sold with measuring accessories or in a dimensional package, allowing you to pour the concentrated contents little by little. Suitable for both fruit crops and vegetables, it can be used right up to the moment of harvest, even on ovaries or flowers. Able to harm pest harmlessly to humans. The biggest plus of this drug is that in hot weather it does not emit poisonous gases, but on the contrary becomes even more effective.
  • Imidacloprid-based drug. Liquid remedy against vegetable, flower garden pests.It is important that due to absorption after spraying into the upper parts of the leaves and the impossibility of washing this solution with rain, it spreads evenly throughout the planting area of ​​plants, vegetables, etc.
  • Aktara. A means that penetrates deep into the plant, making its juice for twenty days absolutely unsuitable for food to insect pests.
  • Phytoverm is another drug based on the same active ingredient (as in the previous case) - aversectin. It is a biological derivative of the vital activity of microorganisms that usually inhabit the soil, and can kill aphids.

Biologically active drugs kill insect pests with the help of waste products of microscopic bacteria, therefore they are considered relatively harmless.

The second group of biological drugs

  • Powder from the Colorado potato beetle. Golden spark. It is very convenient to use, since the dosage is written based on a certain number of acres of planted potatoes. Safe to use.
  • Anti-mite, akarin, dedrobatsillin, zhukoff - drugs, each of which is designed to destroy a particular type of insect pest. They are used depending on the degree of infection of crops.
  • Freshly Lime. The composition is always prepared immediately before starting work with plants, which is why the substance is called freshly quenched. Observing the proportions and instructions printed on the packaging, it is easy to prepare fresh hydrated lime for processing plants. Usually they take from one to two kilograms of lime powder (this should be done only with glasses and gloves) per ten liters of water.
  • Karbofos. Kills pests for many decades. The means checked by time.
  • Commander - concentrate for the destruction of all garden pests. It is used in the calculation of one milliliter per one hundred squares of stands.
  • Medvetoks. It is used against the bears by spreading the poisonous bait for this insect, which they eat, as a result of which its rapid death occurs.
  • Lightning. From pests of roses and potatoes. It is not washed off by rain, therefore it is highly effective in any weather, killing an insect after thirty minutes of action.
  • Ants Fully ready to use remedy for garden ants. Effectively with a large size of the colony of these insects.
  • Regent is a capsule that is active against the Colorado beetles in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and similar climatic regions.
  • Colloidal sulfur or ground yellow sulfur. It is a completely natural product for processing vegetables, which should be finished no earlier than three to five days before harvesting.

Picking up a remedy from the second group of biological preparations for combating insects that destroy crops, you can collect a wonderful crop without any danger of spoiling the health of people or pets.

Traditional Chemicals

Preparations for pest control of the garden and vegetable garden, which any gardener or summer resident can buy, are fungicides.

These include, for example, the well-known copper sulphate, in dry form, looking like blue laundry detergent.

This tool will destroy all pathogens for plants and trees, bacteria and small pests.

In addition, copper sulfate will remove mold and fungi, phytoporosis, fruit rot - all factors and diseases that hinder the development of garden crops. Application: shrubs and trees sprayed with vitriol solution.

Bordeaux mixture - is the second most popular drug for pest control in the garden. It is a derivative of the previous tool, as part of the copper sulfate. But there is an ingredient that has not yet been considered - it is milk of lime.

Mix it and Bordeaux mixture in the right proportions allows you to get rid of rust, which is often a thin layer covers the surface of the leaves of fruit trees, as well as berry bushes, grapes and rose bushes.

In addition to copper sulphate, for the extermination of insects, iron sulphate, urea, oleocuprite, mustard, colloidal sulfur, ammonia are also used.

Common folk remedies for pest control

Those tools and advice that offer popular beliefs and experience of the older generation can also be effective, as well as stronger, chemical means.

First of all, it is necessary to proceed from the rule: “unhealthy plants attract insects harmful to gardens and vegetable gardens”.

So, to avoid unpleasant factors, it is worth strengthening and supporting plants, shrubs, trees.

Here are some tips:

  • Hilling bushes in height of up to ten centimeters helps avoid butterflies (caterpillars) overwintering perennial shrubs.
  • Laying out the leaves and other parts of the fresh white cabbage in the drawers will attract moths and butterflies (cabbage whitefish).
  • Folk remedies are mainly systematic, so they are used several times a season.
  • In the manufacture of solutions of herbs and rhizomes, you need to allocate for this purpose separate dishes, and unused residues should be buried deeper into the ground.
  • Unlike other drugs, folk remedies are used for spraying plants in the afternoon, when the bright sun is gone.
  • Against ticks, glue and small caterpillars use garlic, which is taken in the amount of two hundred grams, crushed using a meat grinder or blender, filled with water (10 liters) and infused for 1 day. After - spray the problem areas of the garden.

Folk remedies are diverse and are not limited to several rules. With a detailed study of this subject, you can achieve large yields in the garden and the garden without the use of chemicals unnatural for plants.

Combating aphids folk remedies

Recipes for surface aphid treatment products:

  • To safely get rid of the insect suitable infusion of tomato or potato tops. After pounding selected leaves and pouring them with warm water to infuse, half a kilogram will just wait about three hours - and you can add a little ammonium nitrate (about one teaspoon), the same amount of pepper and chopped or diluted bar soap. After mixing, the solution will be ready for use. It is recommended to do the treatment every five days.
  • You need to take a few onions of ordinary onions, which are most convenient to grind in a meat grinder, to dissolve in water at the rate of 10 liters of water for one cup of chopped cleaned onions. After adding soda ash apply by spraying on plants and trees.
  • Yarrow and wormwood are poured with boiling water or a thick broth is prepared from them (it should be kept on the fire for five to seven minutes, it should be pressed for three hours).
  • Tobacco can also help in the fight against aphids and not only. He will save from caterpillars, gnawing leaves, and ticks. Tobacco leaves or dry tobacco trimming should be taken in the amount of two hundred grams and thrown into boiling water (in a large ten-liter pot), along with the same amount of onion peel. Keep on low heat for two and a half - three hours.

Before spraying, dilute the resulting brew with ten liters of water and stir in a small piece of soap (about 30 g). Most aids against aphids are associated with brewing broths and spraying these substances that are unpleasant for an insect to its habitat.

Folk remedies - 2

What if there are not enough ingredients or need new recipes? Here are some more tips that will come to the aid of a bona fide gardener / gardener:

  • If there is no onion, and the aphid is there, tobacco (can be replaced with a shag or tobacco dust) is poured with water, insisted, if necessary, diluted. In the presence of soap - add it to the same.
  • A real complex remedy for aphids is a set of equal parts of such herbs and auxiliary components as horse sorrel, dandelion, marigold, tobacco, yarrow, tops from potatoes and tomatoes. The important point is uniform spraying diluted broth where usually an insect or its offspring accumulates. This - the lower side of the leaves, the upper leaves on the branches.
  • If the fruit that has begun to ripen attacks the moth, this trouble can be helped by collecting 150-200 grams of tobacco residue (tobacco dust) and filling it all up with hot water. Spray with diluted solution.
  • From the attacks of aphids is useful celandine. Three bushes cut into small pieces are poured with a whole bucket of ordinary water (cold). After settling for three hours, the tool will be ready.
  • To cause disorientation in the Colorado beetles, it is necessary to spray a decoction of wormwood infused for one day with the addition of walnut leaves, eleven roots, poplar leaves, tansy, and horsetail.
  • The salvation of the onion green shoots consists in salting the young sprouts with salt, which have not yet reached five centimeters.

Preparations for controlling pests of the garden and vegetable garden (photo), including folk remedies, are a whole range of various chemical or biological measures that are designed to protect crops and trees from insects that harm crops.

When can be sprayed

Each tool for pest control may differ in the period of use and the desired temperature indicators. Here is a sample list for gardeners who do not want to make a mistake:

  • The period of early spring. It is necessary to carry out prevention - spray trees with a solution of diesel fuel from the dominance of insects.
  • The time until the first buds bloom. Using Bordeaux mixture, vitriol (copper or iron), carbamide is treated for agglomeration, fungal diseases, with karbofos, broad-spectrum insecticides - from the development of larvae.
  • The flowering period. To strengthen and enhance the immunity of growing bushes and trees, treatment of vitriol, Bordeaux liquid is carried out. At the same time, they sprinkle Carbofos, Anabasin, DDT powder from weevils and ticks.
  • After flowering. To help the tree to recover during this period, the mixture helps, it is desirable to choose the composition of a broad-spectrum.

After studying the characteristics of climate, soil and wishes for the volume of the future crop, as well as skillfully applying tips to get rid of various garden pests, insects, you can easily achieve the desired result - a full and rich harvest.

In the video - pest control:

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Why is it necessary to defeat the pests

It is obvious that peacefully coexist with hordes of ants, aphids and other pests, most likely, will not work. Green aphids love to settle on almost all plants — on leaves and not on stalks, thrusting their long proboscias into them and sucking up dissolved nutrients, thus slowing down growth and hindering the development of flowers and fruits, and also carrying viruses. Ants are very associated with the spread of aphids - as is well known, ant colonies use aphids as “getters” of nutritious juice, constantly maintaining and increasing their number, transfer the larvae to plants, scaring away the ladybirds from them. Ants themselves do not harm plant growth, but they can spread weed seeds over the beds, and sometimes they don’t mind eating a few berries or fruits hanging close to the ground. Cabbage butterflies themselves are not harmful, unlike their voracious caterpillars, which eat whole leaves and stems, leaving them with numerous injuries, after which the plant is no longer suitable. To avoid all these problems, it is worth thinking about protecting your villa territory.

When to expect an attack

As the saying goes, "forewarned is forearmed."Dacha defense should be organized in advance in order to be ready by the time when the pests will be the most active. For aphids, the peak is June-July, when the maximum number of individuals simultaneously consumes plants and multiplies exponentially. Ants live and farm almost always, but cabbage butterflies lay eggs with larvae, usually twice a season - once in May - early June, the second in early August. Knowing this, you can prepare in advance the appropriate means and apply them in a timely manner, not allowing you to cause great damage to your garden.

Fight with aphids

Mechanical methods. You can simply collect aphids on plants with your hands and throw them away. You can also wash off insects with a strong stream of water, but you should be careful not to damage the plants - for example, you should not beat water on the flowers.
You can take help from nature itself. Putting a drinker with water in the garden, you can attract flying sparrows, tits, wrens and other birds, who with pleasure peck aphids from your plants, but do not forget to cover the berries, otherwise they will immediately have your harvest.
The smell of garlic or flowers such as tanacetum or chamomile Dalmatian, repels harmful insects.
From the advice of experienced gardeners - you can spray the plants with a solution of liquid soap or dishwashing detergent (2-3 teaspoons per glass of water).

Do not forget - to get rid of aphids was easier, you should bring ants, bringing larvae to plants and contributing to their reproduction.

Fight against ants

It is extremely difficult to destroy the ants hiding in the impregnable underground fortresses-anthills, and therefore most often they try only to protect the plants from them.

For this purpose, artificial water barriers are created around the plants to be protected (for example, a moat from an old rubber tire, a cut hose, etc.).
For trees, it is useful to make protective adhesive belts like sticky tapes from flies, which should be wrapped around trunks at a height of 60-80 cm. Such traps are then burned along with the caught ants.
There are poisons against ants, but there are certain difficulties in their application, because They should be used directly in the accumulation of insects - in the anthill. Modern tools have a delayed effect, which allows you to fool the insects, forcing them to drag a poisoned pill or capsule inside the anthill. Also, chemicals can be used to treat ant tracks - having gone astray, they need a lot of time to restore normal order.
From more simple means: apply crushed sharply smelling herbs, such as wormwood, mint, parsley, ground garlic - all this will scare away ants.
Boric acid is used, freely available in pharmacies and hardware stores. By mixing the acid powder with sugar or honey, you can fool the insects and poison them.

Fighting butterflies

An important point in the fight against the laying of cabbage eggs is timely destruction of weeds in the garden, export of weeded plants, deposits of rotten leaves and stems from the territory. Laying eggs on plants can be detected manually by inspecting the lower parts of the stems and leaves.
In the spring, it is effective to hose all tree trunks, as well as the fence and walls of buildings. But remember to be careful when washing small plants!


It is not necessary to plant cruciferous crops such as turnip, radish, radish next to cabbage. Their nectar is an excellent food for butterflies, which will once again attract pests to your plants. Gardeners recommend spraying the plants with a solution of valerian (one bottle of three to four liters of water) or with burdock and wormwood tincture.

Fighting Slugs (video)

Slugs are one of the most unpleasant pests on summer cottages, which begin their activity along with spring, and later cabbage, strawberries, various root crops, and even ornamental plants, especially those with delicate leaves, suffer the most from them.
One can get rid of slugs mainly by agrotechnical methods: timely tillage, removal of weeds, which contribute to their reproduction.
An excellent tool in the fight against slugs is ash, tobacco dust and ground bitter pepper, which are usually added to previously dug grooves before planting plants. Mineral fertilizers: potash salt or superphosphate will also be very appropriate, but to apply this treatment costs in two approaches with an interval of half an hour, one time, most likely, will not be enough, and you will only scare off slugs, and not get rid of them.
And experienced gardeners recommend an interesting and very simple way to get rid of the slimy "friends", suggesting the use of hot water. Many plants, such as cabbage, will not give attention to the temperature of watering, and slugs die when water is heated to 40 degrees. It is good to carry out such watering closer to twilight when slugs are most active as hot water on them has lethal effect.
If you are accustomed to using chemicals, then pay attention to the means of "Thunderstorm" or "Meta", such options also work flawlessly, with one condition in the form of an accurate hit on the pest.

Pest control in the garden

Pest control in the garden is widespread throughout the country.

Today, the women's site "Bezdivana" will talk about how to deal with pests of the garden.

In order to preserve the crop used chemical means by which the plants are processed. In addition, you can use the properties of the plants themselves.

  • How to protect the garden and the garden? Pest control chemicals
  • Ornamental garden, garden and pest control
  • Natural properties of plants to combat pests of the garden

    Increasingly, universal preparations are used to protect against pests in the garden and garden. They are good because with the same remedy you can treat almost everything that has been planted, and in addition, their effect is directed on various pests.

    How to protect the garden and the garden? Pest control chemicals

    Of the most effective insecticides can recommend the drug Bi-58. The only thing that is desirable is not to run into a fake, but the original tool successfully destroys both aphids, spider mites, and codling moths. It is important to carry out the processing on time and to adhere to the dosage as accurately as possible: insufficient concentration of the solution will not help, and excess may harm the plants.

    The drug "Decis Profi" will protect cabbage, radishes, carrots, beets, potatoes, tomatoes and eggplants from the Colorado potato beetle, cabbage scoops, cabbage whitefish.

    Aktara will save the strawberry harvest from the whitefly invasion and save the tomatoes from the same Colorado potato beetle. Protection from pests of the garden, garden and flower garden should be systemic. It is always easier to warn than to deal with the phenomenon when it has become widespread.

    Ornamental garden, garden and pest control

    Recently, such a technique as the creation of an ornamental garden has been widely used, and it has long become customary to decorate a garden with flowers. In addition to decorative, flowers give cultivated plants protection from pests. What to plant next to the vegetable beds to ward off pests? There are many plants with an unpleasant smell for harmful insects.

    There are two ways to use the natural properties of insecticide plants. The first is the one that interests us, that is, planting for decorative and applied purposes.

    Can be used and medicinal plants. There will also be a double benefit. In the fight for the harvest will help the following plants

    • Marigold,
    • Calendula,
    • Tansy,
    • Decorative wormwood,
    • Pelargonium,
    • Chicory,
    • Castor bean.

    The vegetable and green crops themselves can also be used to control pests. For example, by planting tomatoes next to currant bushes, you will scare the moth buglet and the moth. Horseradish protects potatoes, and mustard - peas and beans.

    But let's talk about the colors. Nasturtium, chicory, calendula and marigolds are planted around the cabbage beds, and another neighbor, salvia, is suitable for carrots. Pelargonium or geranium will scare away aphids from those plants whose leaves and stems are most preferred by these small insects.

    So, we have a garden and garden, pest control is assumed without the use of chemicals. We land:

    • Squashes and cucumbers with nasturtium,
    • Peas, cabbage, strawberries with marigolds,
    • Potatoes, cauliflower with Persian chamomile,
    • Eggplant, potatoes with petunia.

    It is easier to take care of the ornamental garden, and it doesn’t attract as much pests as usual.

    Natural properties of plants to combat pests of the garden

    In most cases, to protect the garden from the pests do not necessarily apply chemicals. From different parts of the plants themselves can be prepared quite effective means. Even if the plant has a very strong effect, the tool used for watering or spraying quickly loses its toxicity and does not harm the soil.

    In addition to watering and spraying, there is another way: sprinkle with powder. Let's start with it.

    ! To prepare the means, the plant must be dried, crushed into powder, mixed with ashes and early in the morning, even over the dew, sprinkled with the means of plants in the beds.

    For the preparation of powder to combat pests and diseases of garden crops fit:

    From the various parts of plants can be prepared decoctions and infusions, which are used for watering and spraying.

    For example, horseradish leaves (of which there are many) or arrows of garlic (which are thrown away) can be put into action. They are poured with water and boiled on low heat for half an hour, cooled and filtered. Before using the broth must be diluted in a ratio of 1: 3.

    So that the pest control of the garden and the vegetable garden is successful, a soap solution is added to the infusions and infusions (as a rule, soap is used). This is done to ensure that the agent remains on the leaves longer.

    Some plants suitable for pest control should be used with extreme caution. For example, nightshade, milestones poisonous (cycuta), dope, crow eye, caustic buttercup are as dangerous as they are effective, so be careful and have a good harvest!

    Means for pest control and garden diseases

    • Why do we need to protect the garden from pests and diseases?
    • Pest and disease control
      • Garden Treatment Products
      • Fungicides and their effectiveness
      • Drugs new generation
      • Mixes for the treatment of giving their own hands
      • The product "Clean Garden" for healthy plants
    • How to sprinkle the garden

    Why do we need to protect the garden from pests and diseases ↑

    For the cultivation of a rich harvest of fruit crops, the system of garden protection from pests and diseases by agrochemical and agrotechnical methods remains an indispensable condition. And it should be the system, and not random processing from time to time. To do this, an annual plan of works on garden plantings should be drawn up and it should be strictly followed.

    All plants have certain stages of development. Insects also go through cycles of transformations. In some periods of life, both are particularly vulnerable. Considering this fact, they make up a plan of work in order to maximally influence those phases of insects in which they are more sensitive to spraying with preparations.

    Garden protection by agrochemical methods

    For the treatment of fruit trees using various methods:

    • Agrotechnical,
    • Agrochemical,
    • Biological,
    • Mechanical.

    Stages of insect development

    To preserve the health of humans and birds, preference is given to biological methods.But there are situations when chemical treatment is necessary and even obligatory, so that the complex protection of the garden against pests and diseases works flawlessly.

    It is preferable not to run the garden, do not allow pathogens and insects to settle on your trees. To this end, carry out prevention for tree and shrub crops from pests and diseases by any possible means. If the complex of preventive measures is carried out on time, then subsequent treatments are reduced to a minimum - regular preventive work.

    To protect the garden from pests, begin spraying trees and shrubs in the fall immediately after collecting the fruit. At this time, it is important to massively exterminate the egg-laying insects, the nests in which they settled for hibernation, get rid of intermediate hosts - weeds, lichen growths and mosses - hotbed of fungal diseases.

    Beautiful healthy garden

    Of great importance is the treatment of the garden in the spring of pests and diseases, it begins long before the buds swell. This includes a whole range of works leading to the destruction of overwintered individuals, the prevention of diseases and the impossibility of moving pests from other places to your plantations.

    Pest and disease control ↑

    The fight against the hordes of insects and diseases begins with the planting of healthy seedlings acquired in the nursery, where all planting material is appropriately processed. To reduce the damage by insects and pathogens can planting zoned varieties, which are bred for the corresponding region.

    The next most important are preventive measures. They are followed by regular spraying with pesticides, biological preparations and mixtures of various substances for disinfecting garden plantations.

    Drugs and their use

    Preparations for processing garden ↑

    Begin processing the garden area in the fall, after picking the fruit and ending the leaves. The most common drugs remain urea, Bordeaux liquid, iron and copper sulphate.

  • With the onset of stable low temperatures, proceed to the so-called nitrogen spray. The total treatment of the garden in the fall against pests and diseases with urea is an excellent method of insect control and at the same time feeding with nitrogen. Since this element gives a powerful impetus to the development of the vegetative parts of the plant, the treatment with urea is carried out only after the complete termination of the growing season. Process pristvolny circles, branches, trunks.
  • Good results in the fight against diseases of garden trees gives Bordeaux liquid. All kinds of mold, scab, mildew, monilioz, peronosporoz can not resist this tool. Using a sprayer, a “blue” spraying is carried out, that is, all parts of the plant are covered with a layer of Bordeaux liquid.

    Irreplaceable Bordeaux liquid

  • Another multifunctional preparation for the treatment of garden plantings is iron sulfate. It is applied from scab, cytosporosis. In time, the treatment of the garden from pests and diseases of iron sulfate has two objectives: the destruction of pathogens and the supply of additional iron to the plant.
  • Copper sulphate is used as an active fungicide. Carefully spray the plants from powdery mildew, blotch, moniliosis, scab and a number of other fungal diseases. Proper garden treatment with copper sulfate can increase the yield of fruit crops three times.

    Preparations of copper and ferrous sulfate are indispensable.

    Biological products for the garden plot

    Many gardeners spray their nurseries with a huge amount of pesticides, often forgetting about the sense of proportion and about their own health. Among the large variety of pesticides on the shelves there are those that are not dangerous to human health. These are biological products for the garden, which are divided into two groups:

    • Means that kill the causative agent or insect,
    • Drugs acting on the plant in such a way that it increases immunity and ability to resist the disease or insect.

    Biological products for plants

    The most affected by diseases and attacks of insects are weakened plants. On the shelves there is a large variety of biological products for garden crops. Some of them are discussed below.

    "Healthy Garden". Plants become less susceptible to the pathogens of scab, powdery mildew. The tool protects against damage moth, sawfly, aphids. Increases drought resistance of plants. The fruit reduces the content of nitrates. It is produced in the form of granules containing, in addition to the active ingredient, potassium, magnesium, sodium. To prepare the solution, two granules are dissolved per liter of water. Spray the trees three times a season.

    Mikosan. Actively enhances the immune system of plants. The drug obtained from the extract of the fungus fungus contains substances that, moving through the vessels of the plant, affect the cell walls of most pathogenic fungi. In this case, the cell walls become permeable and die.

    However, the drug has no effect on the beneficial microflora, increases resistance, which contributes to the rapid growth of green parts. The tool is available in the form of a preparation for the treatment of planting material ("Mikosan-N") and for spraying adult plantations ("Mikosan B"). Instructions included in the package.

    "Ecoberin". It is used when spraying trees to increase immunity, drought resistance, increase resistance to diseases and pests. Substance cleans cultures from poisons, salts of heavy metals, rejuvenates plants. Improves the taste of the fruit.

    Fungicides and their effectiveness ↑

    In modern complexes for the protection of garden plants from pests and diseases, they certainly include fungicides, without which full chemical protection is impossible.

    An incredible increase in the incidence of scab, coccomycosis, fusarium, sulfur and other types of rot, all sorts of leaf spots, moniliosis of fruits, leads to significant crop losses.

    A variety of drugs have been developed against fungi. Fungicides are divided into systemic and contact. Systemic penetrate the internal tissues of the plant and act from the inside Contact remain on the surface of leaves, branches and stem. They act on pathogens only through direct contact.

    Garden processing fungicides

    Contact fungicides - polycarbacin, zineb, copper oxychloride, mancozeb cannot cure a diseased plant, but perfectly protect healthy specimens from pathogens. To do this, carefully enough to spray the garden. Moreover, the foliage is treated from below and above, since many fungi begin to germinate from the bottom of the leaf.

    The disadvantage of such reagents is that the first heavy rain washes away the active ingredient and you have to repeat the treatment.

    Systemic fungicides of plants outside and inside. They treat, but in the very early stages of infection. After spraying the garden after a few hours the rain will not be able to wash off the reagent, as it penetrated inside the plant.

    After that, the drug works up to three weeks. The main disadvantage is that pathogenic fungi quickly get used to the substance. To reduce this factor, gardens are treated with the same reagent no more than twice in the growing season. They can be alternated with contact preparations or with systemic, but having a different chemical formula.

    Such alternate spraying is considered the most effective way to combat diseases of fruit trees.

    A whole list of fungicides is recommended for these purposes: "Vectra", "Granit", "Derozal", "Rubigan", "Folpan", "Horus", "Strobe." There are multi-component means that act directly and systemically: “Acrobat MC”, “Pilon”, “Oxyhom”, “Arceride” and others. System, but belonging to different groups: “Falcon”, “Archer”, “Mikal”.

    New generation drugs нового

    Constantly scientific developments are underway for the production of new generations of pesticides.But modern requirements are so complex and high that the pace of development of the industry has declined. However, new pest control products are available on the shelves of the respective stores.

    Here are a few of them:

    • "Zineb" - a full-fledged substitute Bordeaux fluid in the fight against apple and pear scab. Used on pome and stone fruit at the same time as Bordeaux liquid. Very poisonous to humans.
    • "Selinon" - designed to fight against the brass, scarab, aphids, anthracnose, scab, powdery mildew. When working, observe serious safety measures, as it is poisonous for warm-blooded animals.
    • “Phthalan 50%” is effective against scab, mealy dews and other diseases of fungal origin. The tool can be used with most other toxic chemicals, except alkaline. Not dangerous for warm-blooded.
    • "Efirosulfonat" - a drug for the destruction of herbivorous ticks. Kills eggs and young larvae, but has little effect on adults. It is insoluble in water, but when stirred, forms a stable suspension, which is long preserved on the foliage. Because of this, manages to act on different phases of development of ticks from eggs to larvae. May cause burns of vegetative parts of plants, if the atmospheric humidity is high. Therefore, it is better to use it on the already hardened leaves.

    Mixes for the treatment of giving their own hands ↑

    To save time on the processing of garden plantings, many gardeners prepare so-called “tank” mixtures, that is, cooked in one tank.

    For example, a mixture of "Aktar", "Topaz" and "Zircon" acts well on garden trees and shrubs. Insects and various diseases are simultaneously destroyed.

    A mixture of "Chloroxide Copper" and "Fufanon" treats trees from diseases until the budding of the buds, which reliably prevents infection by fungal pathogens and eliminates many pests.

    To protect against sunburn or late frost, as well as to prevent the appearance of aphids and fungi, prepare a tank mixture of the “Healthy Garden” and “Ecoberin” preparations, taking 40 granules each. Such an impact leads to increased growth of vegetative parts of plants.

    Any tank mix is ​​consumed only on the day of manufacture. The treatment is carried out at low atmospheric humidity, without wind.

    You can connect in a tank mix:

    • Growth stimulants, fertilizers, pesticides,
    • Growth stimulants, live biologics, fertilizers.

    Attention! If during the preparation of the tank mixture flakes fall out or the solution has exfoliated, then such a mixture is prohibited. It is likely to be dangerous to humans and plants.

    Until now, lime-sulfur mortar has been prepared and applied to pest control in gardens. Preparing it is not easy, but the effect is not long in coming.

  • Two liters of ground sulfur and one liter of quicklime are measured in 17 liters of water.
  • Lime is quenched in a small volume of water without rapid boiling. Once the lime is warmed up, sulfur is added to it, the rest of the water is stirred and poured.
  • The resulting mixture is boiled for 50 minutes to obtain a red-brown color, under the lid.
  • While it is boiling, gradually add water to the original volume.
  • Stop topping up 15 minutes before the end.
  • The cooled broth is filtered through a canvas and poured for storage in a glass container or enameled containers.

    Effective for treating the garden from pests and diseases against most pests.

    The product "Clean Garden" for healthy plants ↑

    Modern preparation "Clean Garden" - a remedy for pests and diseases, which saves from many problems. In addition to insects, the drug is active against most pathological fungi.

    Having only treated the plants with a “Clean Garden”, they achieve a multiple effect, which includes:

    • The rapid death of pests and fungi,
    • Long-term result
    • Pests do not produce addiction to the drug,
    • At optimal temperature, effective.

    Means "Clean Garden" from pests and diseases

    The package contains three vials. In one fungicide, in the second insectoacaricide, in the third stabilizer. Such a universal formula is a worthy assistant of any gardener.

    The solution is prepared from 10 liters of water. The contents of the vials are poured into water, mixed thoroughly and sprayed with trees and shrubs.

    How to sprinkle the garden correctly ↑

    In order to reliably protect your plantings, you must strictly observe the terms of processing the garden from diseases and pests during the year.

    Video: The main types of garden spraying

  • From the very beginning of spring to the swelling of the kidneys, they treat the greenery from diseases of copper sulphate mixed with slaked lime. In this way, prevention of the onset of cytosporosis, common and black cancers, as well as from tinder fungi is achieved.
  • In the phase of the "green cone" of the kidneys spend spraying Bordeaux liquid from fungal pathogens. Protection against aphids, tsvetoeda, medyanits is carried out by "Decis", "Tanrek", "Fufanon". Preparations "Strobe", "Abiga-Peak", "Skor" are sprayed from asteriasis, leaf spots, rust, cytosporosis, scab, moniliosis.
  • Phase pink bud. There are aphids, leafworms, brass box. Weevil, tsvetoed, Californian shchitovka. From diseases begin to develop scab, bacterial cancer. Sprayed with drugs "Aktara", "BI-58", "Detsis". Bordeaux liquid works well from diseases.
  • At the beginning of flowering, the plants are treated with Karbofos-500, Hamair, Abiga-Peak, and Euparenom-M from ticks and weevils. Also from Fusarium, Alternaria, Moniliasis.
  • After completion of flowering, Fufanon, Abiga-Peak, Raek, Fitoverm, Cumulus will be used against active caterpillars, leafworms, moths and ticks.
  • The following treatments are carried out before the beginning of the ripening period of the fruits “Fufanon”, “Inta-Vir”, “Vertimekom”, and “Iskra” against aphids, weevils, Coopers, pea pods, sawflies, and mildew.
  • In the autumn, after harvesting, carry out preventive spraying of the garden with copper and iron sulphate.

    Garden treatment table for pests and diseases

    A well-designed garden processing system for pests and diseases, strict compliance with the terms of this system leads to the desired result - to obtain healthy, beautiful and tasty fruits.

    Infusions and decoctions against pests

    There is a biological law: pollinating insects attract the most powerful and viable plants, and insect pests attract weakened, oppressed plants. In adverse conditions, plants weaken, and then they are attacked by pests that are always nearby.

    During deep digging of soil in autumn, some pests are extracted to the surface and die from frost, rain, or are eaten by birds and destroyed mechanically, and many of the laid eggs, larvae or spores, falling into deeper soil layers, die. Due to the deep loosening, when a significant part of the wireworms are in the upper soil layer, the work of predatory ground beetles and their larvae, which destroy the pest by more than 40%, is activated. Carrying out this operation in mid-August also destroys a large number of perennial (5 times more than in mid-September) and one-year (15 times) weeds. It is important to remember that with strong debris, especially perennial weeds, the treatment is carried out to a depth of 8-10 cm, whereas with a weak one - only by 5 - 6 cm. Thus, the number of foci multiply pests and diseases.

    Proper fertilization and dressing, loosening and irrigation contribute to the intensive growth of plants, enhancing their livelihoods and defense mechanisms, which prevents them from being affected by diseases and colonization by pests.If, prior to the appearance of aphids, to conduct foliar potash or phosphorus-potash fertilizing of cabbage or other vegetable crops, it is possible at the very beginning to reduce the number of pests by a factor of 5-6 and at the same time save the life of the ladybird, and then only one will be needed instead of three) its individual per 1 m2.

    ♦ In the late autumn, in order to fight the pupae and flying out butterflies of the currant moth, it is necessary to hilling the bushes to a height of 10 cm by the soil taken from the row spacing, and in the spring, after flowering, unravel the berries.

    ♦ One of the most common mechanical methods of combat is the manual collection of sedentary insects (caterpillars, beetles and their larvae). Many small insects can be caught using an ordinary vacuum cleaner, replacing a dense filter in it with a net or gauze. To catch cruciferous and other flea beetles, a sheet of plywood, cardboard or thick matter is smeared with a sticky substance and dragged several times over the damaged plants, the sticking beetles are destroyed.

    ♦ Night butterflies are caught by a light trap. Make it easy if there is a light source. To do this, put a cup under a lamp with fermenting syrup, jam, kerosene emulsion or a weak solution of a fast-acting pesticide. Insects that flew into the world hit the lantern and enter the liquid, where they die.

    For traps, you can use insect-attracting odors. For example, in the summer for cabbage whiteflies or moths butterflies lay out fresh cabbage leaves in boxes. Insects lay eggs that are easy to destroy. To scare away butterflies, cabbage is simply sprayed with a decoction or infusion of leaves and flowers with a strong smell (jasmine, spruce, acacia, lilac, pine).

    ♦ To combat insect pests instead of chemical agents, it is desirable to use herbal infusions and decoctions. It is best to collect the above-ground parts of the necessary plants in the phases of onset or full bloom, and the tubers, bulbs, rhizomes - in early spring or late autumn. They should be dried under a canopy in the shade of a draft.

    It must be remembered that the decoctions and infusions of some herbs are not harmless, so they need to be prepared strictly according to the recipe, and when working, be sure to observe precautions. For cooking, you must have a special dish, which then in no case can not be used for cooking. Leftovers and husks after preparation of solutions and infusions should be buried in the ground. Plants populated with pests are treated 2–3 times per season, 4–5 times if absolutely necessary. They are sprayed in the evening hours, since in the sunlight most solutions lose their toxic properties. Spraying should stop at least 20 - 30 days before harvest.

    ♦ 180 - 200 g of minced garlic in a meat grinder or mortar to insist day in 10 liters of water. Before spraying, strain (against glue, suckers, small caterpillars and spider mites).

    ♦ Potatoes are much better stored if they are treated with antimicrobial agents. To combat rot, it is effective to pour the tubers with pounded or crushed garlic (100 g per 100 kg of potatoes) or chopped leaves of mountain ash (300 g per 100 kg) or spray with tincture of onions or Rowan leaves (50 g of crushed leaves per 1 l of water - 1, 5 cups tincture per 100 kg of potatoes).

    ♦ When plants are damaged by spider mites, aphids and other pests, good results are obtained by injecting dandelion, tomato or potato tops, and pepper infusions. The infusion is prepared from 400 g of fresh dandelion leaves or 200 - 300 g of crushed roots, infused in 10 l of water (+25 ° C) for 2 hours, then filtered and added 1 tsp. diluted soap, pepper, mustard.

    ♦ Fight with aphids will help infusion of leaves of tomato or potato tops: 500 - 600 g of leaves or stepsons skip through a meat grinder, pour with warm water (+30 - 31 ° C), insist 3 hours, then filter, add 1 tsp. ammonium nitrate, 1 tbsp. l pepper and 1 tsp. soap.Spray this solution of the plant every 7 - 10 days, and not once, as many do.

    ♦ Can be used to kill aphids and onions. Bulbs are passed through a meat grinder, 1 cup of the resulting mass is diluted in 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. l soda ash and this solution spray the damaged plants. The last spraying should be carried out no later than 20 - 25 days before the removal of the fruit (in the stage of development of 2 - 4 leaves). Make sure that the solution is wetted the whole plant - leaves, stems.

    ♦ To combat aphids, you can use a decoction of yarrow and wormwood. To make it, they take a handful of dry yarrow and a branch of wormwood, pour boiling water and boil for 7–10 minutes, cool and insist 2-3 hours. The resulting solution is sprayed on the plants.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars, aphids, spider mites - 150 - 200 g of onion peel insist in 10 liters of water for 3 to 4 days. Strain before use.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars and aphids - 150 - 200 g of onion peel, 200 g of milled onions, 200 g of tobacco boil 2 hours in 10 l of water. Cool the broth and add 10 liters of water. Add 30 g of soap before spraying.

    ♦ Against the pinwort - 150-200 g of tobacco dust pour hot water, stir and insist day. Then strain and dilute to 10 liters.

    ♦ Against aphids, suckers, leaf-eating caterpillars - pour one part of tobacco, tobacco or tobacco dust into ten parts of water and insist for 24 hours. Then the infusion is diluted 2 - 3 times with water with the addition of soap.

    ♦ Against ticks, aphids — 200 g dry tomato tops, 200 g peeled onions, garlic, 200 g dry wormwood, a shag pack and 2 pods of chopped hot pepper, cover with water and boil for 15 to 20 minutes. Cool, strain. 2 liters of infusion diluted in 10 liters of water.

    ♦ For the destruction of aphids apply infusions and decoctions of dandelion, yarrow, tobacco, horse sorrel, marigolds, tops of potatoes and tomatoes. Spraying should be carried out at the first appearance of signs of damage. Sprayed in the evening and in quiet weather. When processing, it is important that the aphid accumulation sites are well wetted: young shoots and especially the lower side of the leaf where the aphids are located.

    Processing should not be carried out during flowering plants. If necessary, infusions and decoctions of plants during the summer can be processed up to 3-4 times with an interval of 7-15 days. The deadline for processing is 5 days before harvest.

    ♦ Against small caterpillars and larvae of aphids, suckers - 100 g of fresh chopped pods of hot pepper boil in 1 liter of water over low heat for an hour. Cool, pour into a glass dish and insist for two days. For spraying on 10 liters of water, take 50 g of broth.

    ♦ Against aphids, henchmen - 2 kg of needles of one-year growth of pine or spruce, pour 8 liters of river or rainwater and insist 5-7 days in the shade, stirring daily. For spraying, take 1 liter of infusion per 10 liters of water.

    ♦ Against fire rape, aphids, red apple mite - 100 g of dry mustard pour 10 liters of hot water, leave for 2 days, dilute with cold water (1: 1) and thin out. Or 60 g of dry mustard brew in 1 liter of water, insist for three days in a sealed container. For spraying infusion diluted in 20 liters of water.

    ♦ Against aphids, spider mites - 1.2 kg of green tops of potatoes or 600-800 g of dried tops insist for 3 to 4 hours in 10 liters of warm water. Infusion strain, add 40 g of soap and spray them with fruit trees. Excess doses of tops can cause burns on tree leaves.

    ♦ Against the plant's moth, fire, leaf-eating pests - 4 kg of green tops of tomatoes should be covered with water and boiled over low heat for 30 minutes. Before spraying, dilute the solution with three parts of water.

    ♦ Against aphids, caterpillars of the apple moth and other leaf-eating foods - 800 g of dry yarrow, steam in boiling water for 30 - 40 minutes, add water to 10 liters and leave for 1.5 - 2 days. For broth dry mass pour water and boil for 30 minutes.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars - 1 kg of dried mass of bitter wormwood boil for 10 - 15 minutes in a small amount of water, cool, strain and add water up to 10 liters.

    ♦ Against aphids - cut 3 large celandine plants under the root and chop them. Pour a bucket of cold water and insist 3 hours. Pour into a deep bowl and carefully dip the tops of the branches on which the aphid has settled. Especially good effect is obtained on currants.

    ♦ Infusion of burdock destroys the tracks of the whiteflies, scoop. It is prepared from finely chopped leaves, which are placed in a dish, filling it in half. Then poured to the brim with water, insist for three days and after filtering the plants are sprayed.

    ♦ Against the onion nematode and thrips - before planting, you can soak the onion in salted water (2 tablespoons salt for 5 liters of water) for a day and then rinse in a solution of potassium permanganate.

    ♦ Good support in the fight against pests and diseases of the garden is wood ash. If leaves begin to curl on young shoots of gooseberries and currants, they need to be unfolded and sprinkled inside the ash. Putting it in a dry form of 300 g under each bush with a uniform distribution and mixing with the soil increases the resistance to powdery mildew. With the same purpose, during the ripening of the berries, the bushes can be pollinated with ashes at the rate of 10-15 g per bush. If necessary, dusting can be repeated 2-3 times, but at the same time reduce the amount of ash to 5-7 g per shrub.

    ♦ Against powdery mildew on currants, gooseberries, cucumbers and against cherry mucous sawfly, spraying plants with this solution is useful: boil 300 g of sifted ash for half an hour, strain the solution and dilute with water to 10 liters. To improve sticking add 40 g of any soap. Processing can be carried out twice a month and preferably in the evening in calm weather.

    ♦ With a small number of aphids, you can dust the plants with sifted ash from a gauze bag. Plants are pre-sprayed with plain water to make the ash better adhere to the leaves.

    ♦ Powdery mildew on the gooseberry and currant can also be controlled by the microbiological method: pour the third part of the mullein (or rotted hay) bucket with three liters of water, after three days, dilute it with water three times, strain and sprinkle the plants. If there is no mullein, you can take 1 liter of whey, skim milk or buttermilk, dilute 9 liters of water and sprinkle. Bacteria that develop in manure destroy the mycelium of the pathogen.

    ♦ A good effect in combating powdery mildew is sprayed with soda ash and soap (50 g soda and 50 g soap per 10 liters of water). To prepare the Solution, dilute the soap in soft water and add soda, previously dissolved in a small amount of water.

    ♦ In the fight with the flaps, a soap-kerosene emulsion is used: 40 g of Soap is dissolved in 10 liters of water and 10 drops of kerosene are added. The emulsion washed branches and stems of plants twice with an interval of 8-10 days.

    ♦ You can try to wash pests from fruit trees and shrubs with a strong stream of cold water.

    ♦ In the fight against aphids, you can use the following solutions: 2 tbsp. l ammonia in a bucket of water, add 1 tsp. shampoo (washing powder) or 10 liters of water 20 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride. Spray leaves from below with an interval of 6 - 7 days.

    ♦ In the fight against carrot fly, a good effect is given by twice watering with the infusion of onion peel: the first time is immediately after weeding in June, the second time after weeding in late July - early August. For this, one third of the bucket of the husk is poured with boiling water (up to a full bucket). When the infusion has cooled, they water the beds and spread the onion peel taken between the rows to make it. The smell of onions scares away the fly.

    ♦ For the same purpose, you can use a mixture of tobacco dust and dry sand in a ratio of 1: 1, wood ash, dry peat, as well as pine and spruce needles, rotated through a meat grinder. They are sprinkled on the soil along the rows during fly laying eggs 2 - 3 times per season.

    ♦ Against the larvae of the onion fly, watering the plants with a solution of sodium chloride (1 cup per 10 liters of water) is effective. The first watering is carried out when the feather reaches 5 cm in length and is repeated every 20 days.

    ♦ To combat the caterpillars and larvae, you can prepare a solution of aconite (blue fighter): 1 part of the plant in 6 parts of water. Insist day. The resulting composition is diluted with water 1: 5. You can use the solution hemlock: chop the stems, leaves and inflorescences and pour water 10: 5. Let it brew for 1 hour. The composition is wrung out. After 2 hours, press again. The resulting liquids mix and spray the trees.

    ♦ The moth does not tolerate the smell of wormwood. A decoction of wormwood for spraying: chop the grass, fill it with half of any container, pour water and let it boil for 30 minutes. The solution should insist day. Broth filter, diluted with water 1: 2.

    ♦ To scare and disorientation of the Colorado potato beetles, you can sprinkle the plants with a daily infusion of wormwood, fresh walnut leaves, roots of elecampane, raisins, celandine, tansy, and dandelion decoction, fruits of hot pepper, horsetail, poplar leaves. In small areas, manual harvesting is advisable, followed by destruction of beetles, egg-laying and larvae. On hot days, when the plants lose their turgor and become privyhshih, you can carefully collect the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle from the net net bushes, which is intended for catching butterflies.

    Folk remedies to combat pests of the garden

    Infusions and decoctions against pests

    There is a biological law: pollinating insects attract the most powerful and viable plants, and insect pests attract weakened, oppressed plants. In adverse conditions, plants weaken, and then they are attacked by pests that are always nearby.

    During deep digging of soil in autumn, some pests are extracted to the surface and die from frost, rain, or are eaten by birds and destroyed mechanically, and many of the laid eggs, larvae or spores, falling into deeper soil layers, die. Due to the deep loosening, when a significant part of the wireworms are in the upper soil layer, the work of predatory ground beetles and their larvae, which destroy the pest by more than 40%, is activated. Carrying out this operation in mid-August also destroys a large number of perennial (5 times more than in mid-September) and one-year (15 times) weeds. It is important to remember that with strong debris, especially perennial weeds, the treatment is carried out to a depth of 8-10 cm, whereas with a weak one - only by 5 - 6 cm. Thus, the number of foci multiply pests and diseases.

    Proper fertilization and dressing, loosening and irrigation contribute to the intensive growth of plants, enhancing their livelihoods and defense mechanisms, which prevents them from being affected by diseases and colonization by pests. If, prior to the appearance of aphids, to conduct foliar potash or phosphorus-potash fertilizing of cabbage or other vegetable crops, it is possible at the very beginning to reduce the number of pests by a factor of 5-6 and at the same time save the life of the ladybird, and then only one will be needed instead of three) its individual per 1 m2.

    ♦ In the late autumn, in order to fight the pupae and flying out butterflies of the currant moth, it is necessary to hilling the bushes to a height of 10 cm by the soil taken from the row spacing, and in the spring, after flowering, unravel the berries.

    ♦ One of the most common mechanical methods of combat is the manual collection of sedentary insects (caterpillars, beetles and their larvae). Many small insects can be caught using an ordinary vacuum cleaner, replacing a dense filter in it with a net or gauze. To catch cruciferous and other flea beetles, a sheet of plywood, cardboard or thick matter is smeared with a sticky substance and dragged several times over the damaged plants, the sticking beetles are destroyed.

    ♦ Night butterflies are caught by a light trap.Make it easy if there is a light source. To do this, put a cup under a lamp with fermenting syrup, jam, kerosene emulsion or a weak solution of a fast-acting pesticide. Insects that flew into the world hit the lantern and enter the liquid, where they die.

    For traps, you can use insect-attracting odors. For example, in the summer for cabbage whiteflies or moths butterflies lay out fresh cabbage leaves in boxes. Insects lay eggs that are easy to destroy. To scare away butterflies, cabbage is simply sprayed with a decoction or infusion of leaves and flowers with a strong smell (jasmine, spruce, acacia, lilac, pine).

    ♦ To combat insect pests instead of chemical agents, it is desirable to use herbal infusions and decoctions. It is best to collect the above-ground parts of the necessary plants in the phases of onset or full bloom, and the tubers, bulbs, rhizomes - in early spring or late autumn. They should be dried under a canopy in the shade of a draft.

    It must be remembered that the decoctions and infusions of some herbs are not harmless, so they need to be prepared strictly according to the recipe, and when working, be sure to observe precautions. For cooking, you must have a special dish, which then in no case can not be used for cooking. Leftovers and husks after preparation of solutions and infusions should be buried in the ground. Plants populated with pests are treated 2–3 times per season, 4–5 times if absolutely necessary. They are sprayed in the evening hours, since in the sunlight most solutions lose their toxic properties. Spraying should stop at least 20 - 30 days before harvest.

    ♦ 180 - 200 g of minced garlic in a meat grinder or mortar to insist day in 10 liters of water. Before spraying, strain (against glue, suckers, small caterpillars and spider mites).

    ♦ Potatoes are much better stored if they are treated with antimicrobial agents. To combat rot, it is effective to pour the tubers with pounded or crushed garlic (100 g per 100 kg of potatoes) or chopped leaves of mountain ash (300 g per 100 kg) or spray with tincture of onions or Rowan leaves (50 g of crushed leaves per 1 l of water - 1, 5 cups tincture per 100 kg of potatoes).

    ♦ When plants are damaged by spider mites, aphids and other pests, good results are obtained by injecting dandelion, tomato or potato tops, and pepper infusions. The infusion is prepared from 400 g of fresh dandelion leaves or 200 - 300 g of crushed roots, infused in 10 l of water (+25 ° C) for 2 hours, then filtered and added 1 tsp. diluted soap, pepper, mustard.

    ♦ Fight with aphids will help infusion of leaves of tomato or potato tops: 500 - 600 g of leaves or stepsons skip through a meat grinder, pour with warm water (+30 - 31 ° C), insist 3 hours, then filter, add 1 tsp. ammonium nitrate, 1 tbsp. l pepper and 1 tsp. soap. Spray this solution of the plant every 7 - 10 days, and not once, as many do.

    ♦ Can be used to kill aphids and onions. Bulbs are passed through a meat grinder, 1 cup of the resulting mass is diluted in 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. l soda ash and this solution spray the damaged plants. The last spraying should be carried out no later than 20 - 25 days before the removal of the fruit (in the stage of development of 2 - 4 leaves). Make sure that the solution is wetted the whole plant - leaves, stems.

    ♦ To combat aphids, you can use a decoction of yarrow and wormwood. To make it, they take a handful of dry yarrow and a branch of wormwood, pour boiling water and boil for 7–10 minutes, cool and insist 2-3 hours. The resulting solution is sprayed on the plants.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars, aphids, spider mites - 150 - 200 g of onion peel insist in 10 liters of water for 3 to 4 days. Strain before use.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars and aphids - 150 - 200 g of onion peel, 200 g of milled onions, 200 g of tobacco boil 2 hours in 10 l of water.Cool the broth and add 10 liters of water. Add 30 g of soap before spraying.

    ♦ Against the pinwort - 150-200 g of tobacco dust pour hot water, stir and insist day. Then strain and dilute to 10 liters.

    ♦ Against aphids, suckers, leaf-eating caterpillars - pour one part of tobacco, tobacco or tobacco dust into ten parts of water and insist for 24 hours. Then the infusion is diluted 2 - 3 times with water with the addition of soap.

    ♦ Against ticks, aphids — 200 g dry tomato tops, 200 g peeled onions, garlic, 200 g dry wormwood, a shag pack and 2 pods of chopped hot pepper, cover with water and boil for 15 to 20 minutes. Cool, strain. 2 liters of infusion diluted in 10 liters of water.

    ♦ For the destruction of aphids apply infusions and decoctions of dandelion, yarrow, tobacco, horse sorrel, marigolds, tops of potatoes and tomatoes. Spraying should be carried out at the first appearance of signs of damage. Sprayed in the evening and in quiet weather. When processing, it is important that the aphid accumulation sites are well wetted: young shoots and especially the lower side of the leaf where the aphids are located.

    Processing should not be carried out during flowering plants. If necessary, infusions and decoctions of plants during the summer can be processed up to 3-4 times with an interval of 7-15 days. The deadline for processing is 5 days before harvest.

    ♦ Against small caterpillars and larvae of aphids, suckers - 100 g of fresh chopped pods of hot pepper boil in 1 liter of water over low heat for an hour. Cool, pour into a glass dish and insist for two days. For spraying on 10 liters of water, take 50 g of broth.

    ♦ Against aphids, henchmen - 2 kg of needles of one-year growth of pine or spruce, pour 8 liters of river or rainwater and insist 5-7 days in the shade, stirring daily. For spraying, take 1 liter of infusion per 10 liters of water.

    ♦ Against fire rape, aphids, red apple mite - 100 g of dry mustard pour 10 liters of hot water, leave for 2 days, dilute with cold water (1: 1) and thin out. Or 60 g of dry mustard brew in 1 liter of water, insist for three days in a sealed container. For spraying infusion diluted in 20 liters of water.

    ♦ Against aphids, spider mites - 1.2 kg of green tops of potatoes or 600-800 g of dried tops insist for 3 to 4 hours in 10 liters of warm water. Infusion strain, add 40 g of soap and spray them with fruit trees. Excess doses of tops can cause burns on tree leaves.

    ♦ Against the plant's moth, fire, leaf-eating pests - 4 kg of green tops of tomatoes should be covered with water and boiled over low heat for 30 minutes. Before spraying, dilute the solution with three parts of water.

    ♦ Against aphids, caterpillars of the apple moth and other leaf-eating foods - 800 g of dry yarrow, steam in boiling water for 30 - 40 minutes, add water to 10 liters and leave for 1.5 - 2 days. For broth dry mass pour water and boil for 30 minutes.

    ♦ Against leaf-eating caterpillars - 1 kg of dried mass of bitter wormwood boil for 10 - 15 minutes in a small amount of water, cool, strain and add water up to 10 liters.

    ♦ Against aphids - cut 3 large celandine plants under the root and chop them. Pour a bucket of cold water and insist 3 hours. Pour into a deep bowl and carefully dip the tops of the branches on which the aphid has settled. Especially good effect is obtained on currants.

    ♦ Infusion of burdock destroys the tracks of the whiteflies, scoop. It is prepared from finely chopped leaves, which are placed in a dish, filling it in half. Then poured to the brim with water, insist for three days and after filtering the plants are sprayed.

    ♦ Against the onion nematode and thrips - before planting, you can soak the onion in salted water (2 tablespoons salt for 5 liters of water) for a day and then rinse in a solution of potassium permanganate.

    ♦ Good support in the fight against pests and diseases of the garden is wood ash. If leaves begin to curl on young shoots of gooseberries and currants, they need to be unfolded and sprinkled inside the ash.Putting it in a dry form of 300 g under each bush with a uniform distribution and mixing with the soil increases the resistance to powdery mildew. With the same purpose, during the ripening of the berries, the bushes can be pollinated with ashes at the rate of 10-15 g per bush. If necessary, dusting can be repeated 2-3 times, but at the same time reduce the amount of ash to 5-7 g per shrub.

    ♦ Against powdery mildew on currants, gooseberries, cucumbers and against cherry mucous sawfly, spraying plants with this solution is useful: boil 300 g of sifted ash for half an hour, strain the solution and dilute with water to 10 liters. To improve sticking add 40 g of any soap. Processing can be carried out twice a month and preferably in the evening in calm weather.

    ♦ With a small number of aphids, you can dust the plants with sifted ash from a gauze bag. Plants are pre-sprayed with plain water to make the ash better adhere to the leaves.

    ♦ Powdery mildew on the gooseberry and currant can also be controlled by the microbiological method: pour the third part of the mullein (or rotted hay) bucket with three liters of water, after three days, dilute it with water three times, strain and sprinkle the plants. If there is no mullein, you can take 1 liter of whey, skim milk or buttermilk, dilute 9 liters of water and sprinkle. Bacteria that develop in manure destroy the mycelium of the pathogen.

    ♦ A good effect in combating powdery mildew is sprayed with soda ash and soap (50 g soda and 50 g soap per 10 liters of water). To prepare the Solution, dilute the soap in soft water and add soda, previously dissolved in a small amount of water.

    ♦ In the fight with the flaps, a soap-kerosene emulsion is used: 40 g of Soap is dissolved in 10 liters of water and 10 drops of kerosene are added. The emulsion washed branches and stems of plants twice with an interval of 8-10 days.

    ♦ You can try to wash pests from fruit trees and shrubs with a strong stream of cold water.

    ♦ In the fight against aphids, you can use the following solutions: 2 tbsp. l ammonia in a bucket of water, add 1 tsp. shampoo (washing powder) or 10 liters of water 20 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride. Spray leaves from below with an interval of 6 - 7 days.

    ♦ In the fight against carrot fly, a good effect is given by twice watering with the infusion of onion peel: the first time is immediately after weeding in June, the second time after weeding in late July - early August. For this, one third of the bucket of the husk is poured with boiling water (up to a full bucket). When the infusion has cooled, they water the beds and spread the onion peel taken between the rows to make it. The smell of onions scares away the fly.

    ♦ For the same purpose, you can use a mixture of tobacco dust and dry sand in a ratio of 1: 1, wood ash, dry peat, as well as pine and spruce needles, rotated through a meat grinder. They are sprinkled on the soil along the rows during fly laying eggs 2 - 3 times per season.

    ♦ Against the larvae of the onion fly, watering the plants with a solution of sodium chloride (1 cup per 10 liters of water) is effective. The first watering is carried out when the feather reaches 5 cm in length and is repeated every 20 days.

    ♦ To combat the caterpillars and larvae, you can prepare a solution of aconite (blue fighter): 1 part of the plant in 6 parts of water. Insist day. The resulting composition is diluted with water 1: 5. You can use the solution hemlock: chop the stems, leaves and inflorescences and pour water 10: 5. Let it brew for 1 hour. The composition is wrung out. After 2 hours, press again. The resulting liquids mix and spray the trees.

    ♦ The moth does not tolerate the smell of wormwood. A decoction of wormwood for spraying: chop the grass, fill it with half of any container, pour water and let it boil for 30 minutes. The solution should insist day. Broth filter, diluted with water 1: 2.

    ♦ To scare and disorientation of the Colorado potato beetles, you can sprinkle the plants with a daily infusion of wormwood, fresh leaves of walnut, roots of elecampane, raisins, celandine, tansy, and dandelion broth, fruits of hot pepper, horsetailpoplar leaves. In small areas, manual harvesting is advisable, followed by destruction of beetles, egg-laying and larvae. On hot days, when the plants lose their turgor and become privyhshih, you can carefully collect the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle from the net net bushes, which is intended for catching butterflies.

    Folk remedies to combat pests of the garden

    Folk Remedies for Insect Pests

    At present, modern preparations for protecting plants from pests are not always at hand. In addition, the ripening crop is undesirable to process by chemical means. Help in this case, folk remedies.

    Infusion aconites (wrestlers)

    Required: 1 kg of grass, 40-50 g of soap, 30 ml of alkali, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The grass is collected during the flowering period, filled with water, add soap and leave for 48 hours. Before spraying, add 5 liters of water.

    Application. Sprayed against apple aphid, raspberry beetle, leaf-eating caterpillars, beetle larvae, caterpillars and sawflies.

    Aloe solution

    Required: aloe juice, water.

    Cooking Juice diluted with water 1: 1.

    Application. Used for disinfection of vegetable seeds. Before sowing, seeds can be placed in this solution for 6 hours, then rinsed with water and dried.

    Anabasis solution (leafless leafberry)

    Required: 800 g of young branches before flowering, 30-40 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The collected plants are dried, crushed and filled with water. While stirring, insist 24 hours. The resulting infusion is diluted with water 1:10. Soap is added to the solution before spraying.

    Application. For spraying vegetable crops against leaf-gnawing caterpillars, earthen flea beetles, caterpillars, as well as rapeseed beetle.

    Orange infusion

    Required: 1 kg of dry orange peels, 10 liters of warm water.

    Cooking Fill with water and leave for 3 days in a warm dark place.

    Application. Infusion is used undiluted for spraying plants against aphids and powdery worms.

    Infusion of Hogweed dissected

    Required: 1 kg of raw materials, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are harvested before and after flowering (roots), during flowering (leaves, stems), crushed, filled with water and infused for 24 hours. Strain before use.

    Application. Used for the treatment of fruit crops against aphids, ticks and other sucking pests.

    Infusion henbane black

    Required: 1 kg of finely chopped dry raw materials, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are poured with water and infused for 12 hours, then filtered.

    Application. They are used on plantings of fruit crops against various types of aphids, herbivorous bugs, suckling, spider mites, caterpillars of the hawthorn and goldtail beetle, as well as cabbage whitefish harming cabbage plantings.

    ➣ To prepare the infusion, the henbane roots and leaves of the plant are harvested in autumn or early spring. During this period, they have the highest insecticidal activity. The whole plant has such activity at the beginning of flowering. The henbane dries in the open air for a very long time, therefore, it is better to hang the plants for drying so that each is well ventilated.

    Red elderberry infusion

    Required: 200-300 g of crushed shoots and elderberry flowers, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are poured with water and insist 10 hours. Strain.

    Application. To protect garden and vegetable crops from leaf-eating caterpillars, aphids, slugs, larvae of flies and beetles. It is a good deterrent against currant bud mite.

    Marigold infusion

    Required: dried crushed marigolds, 40 g of soap, water.

    Cooking Flowers fill the bucket in half and fill with water to the brim. Insist 48 hours, then filter, add soap.

    Application. For spraying berries against aphids. Processing is carried out before the berries begin to ripen. In addition, the infusion can be used to disinfect the tubers of gladiolus, as well as testes of asters and leftovers from the black leg.

    Decoction henbane black

    Required: 2.5 kg of freshly harvested or 3 kg of dried plants, 30-40 g of soap, water.

    Cooking The plants are finely chopped and boiled in a small amount of water over low heat for 2-3 hours. Then the broth is cooled, filtered and topped up with water to 10 liters. Soap is added before use.

    Application. Spray the plants before and after the appearance of pests.

    Infusion hemlock spotted

    Required: 1 kg of crushed and pounded hemlock, water.

    Cooking The leaves are harvested from spring to June. Gruel is poured over 2 liters of water. Then the liquid is drained, and the husks pour 15 liters of water. Insist 10-12 hours. After the liquid part is separated and combined with the one that was obtained earlier.

    Application. Against young caterpillars, leaf-eating larvae of beetles and sawflies.

    Infusion of bitter pink

    Required: 1-2 kg of crushed raw materials, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are poured with water and left for a day, filtered.

    Application. Against sucking pests of fruit and berry crops.

    Decoction of bitter pink

    Required: 1-2 kg of crushed raw materials, 20-30 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are poured in and insisted for 6-8 hours, boiled for 30 minutes with yot, cooled and filtered. Before spraying the broth is diluted with 10 liters of water and soap is added.

    Application. Against sucking pests of fruit and berry crops. The broth can be prepared in advance and stored in tightly closed glass jars.

    Pepperminder Broth

    Required: 1 kg of stems, 30-40 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Collected stems pour water and boil for 30 minutes. Let stand and filter, add soap.

    Application. For the destruction of many leaf-eating pests of vegetables and fruit crops. After 1-1.5 days pests die.

    White Mustard Infusion

    Required: 200 g of mustard powder, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The powder is poured with water and insist 10-12 hours.

    Application. Spray the apple (on the leaves), as well as other fruit crops (5-6 g per 10 liters of water) against the red apple mite.

    Sareptic mustard solution (option 1)

    Required: 100 g of mustard powder, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The powder is stirred in a small amount of water to a creamy consistency, then the rest of the water is added.

    Application. Against aphids, caterpillars, scoop, tobacco thrips, meadow bugs and ticks.

    Solution of mustard sareptskoy (option 2)

    Required: 200 g of powder, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The powder is poured with water and infused for 10-12 hours.

    Application. Spray apple trees against red apple mite.

    Solution of mustard sarepta (option 3)

    Required: 50 g of powder, 1 liter of water.

    Cooking The powder is poured with water and boiled, insisting for 3 days in a tightly closed container. Then the solution is diluted in 20 liters of water.

    Application. When a red apple tick appears, spray the plants.

    Birch tar solution

    Required: 100 grams of tar, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The tar is diluted with water, stirred.

    Application. Apply for spraying against the Colorado potato beetle.

    Infusion Datura ordinary

    Required: 400 g of raw materials, 20-40 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The above-ground part of the plants, collected during the flowering period, is dried in a suspended state, ground, filled with water. Then insist at least 10 hours, filter. Soap is added before use.

    Application. To combat pests of fruit crops: plant bugs, spider mites, suckling and aphids.

    Infusion larkspur high (option 1)

    Required: 1 kg of dry grass, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking At the beginning of flowering, the whole plant is cut off, dried and crushed, then filled with water and infused for 48 hours, filtered and immediately applied.

    Application. For spraying of plants against cabbage moths, cabbage and turnips of whiteflies, sawfly larvae, beetles, apple creeper, ringed silkworm caterpillar, haws, golden-haired beetle.

    Broth larkspur high (option 2)

    Required: 1 kg of dry grass, 10 liters of water.

    CookingThe grass is poured with water and infused for 10-12 hours, then boiled for 1-2 hours and filtered. Broth can be stored up to 1 month.

    Application. For spraying of plants against pests of vegetables (cabbage moth, cabbage and turnip whiteflies) and fruit crops (larvae of sawflies, open-living beetles, apple treeworm, ringed silkworm, haws, golden-haired beetle).

    Calendula Infusion

    Required: 200 g of calendula seeds, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Seeds are poured with water and insist 24 hours.

    Application. To combat the complex pests on vegetable crops.

    Ash Soap Infusion

    Required: 1 kg of ash, 40 g of soap, 8 liters of boiling water.

    Cooking The ash is poured with boiling water, closed and left for 48 hours. Then it is filtered and the volume is adjusted to 10 liters, soap is added.

    Application. Spray cabbage, radish and radish seedlings as needed to scare cruciferous fleas.

    Ash solution

    Requires: 300 g of sifted ash, 40 g of any soap, 2 liters of water.

    Cooking Ash is poured and boiled for 30 minutes. Let stand for 1 hour, then bring the volume up to 10 liters. Before use, add soap.

    Application. To combat powdery mildew of currants, gooseberries, cucumbers, cherry slimy sawfly. Processing (spraying) do 2 times a month.

    Infusion Carpesium wormwood

    Required: 700 g of raw materials, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The aerial part is harvested during the growing season, the seeds after ripening. Raw water is poured and insist day.

    Application. Treated plants, which settled mites.

    Infusion of potato tops

    Required: 4 kg of green, disease free, tops or 2 kg of dried, 40 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Pour the tops of warm water and insist for 3-4 hours, then filter and add soap.

    Application. Infusion sprayed fruit crops against aphids and mites, vegetables - against cabbage whitefish, moths and shovels.

    Infusion of clematis vine

    Required: 1.25 kg of buds and flowers, or 500 g of fresh leaves, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw water is poured and insist 1-2 hours.

    Application. For spraying against sucking insects, aphids, sucker.

    The infusion of the eastern goatling

    Required: 1 kg of dry plants, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Plants harvested during the growing season. They are crushed and filled with water. Insist 24 hours

    Application. Apply against spider mites.

    Mullein infusion

    Required: 1 kg of raw materials, 3 liters of water.

    Cooking Raw materials are poured with water and infused for 3 days, then filtered and diluted with water 3 times. If you insist a solution of 3-4 hours, then it is not necessary to dilute it.

    Application. Used against powdery mildew of melons.

    ➣ If the strawberry was struck by gray rot, then you can get rid of it by pollinating the bushes during the ripening period (10-15 g of ash per bush). If necessary, the pollination is repeated 2-3 more times. Many amateur gardeners spray the plants with an ash solution if they are affected by other pests and diseases.

    Manure infusion

    Required: 1 bucket of rotted cow dung, 5 liters of water.

    Cooking Manure is diluted in water and infused for 5 days, then filtered.

    Application. Apply in the fight against powdery mildew of gooseberry and currant. Spraying produced in the evening. The first time the bushes are treated before the buds bloom, the second - after the formation of ovaries.

    Nettle infusion

    Requires: 1 part nettle collected before flowering, 10 parts rainwater.

    Cooking Plants are crushed and filled with water. Leave for 10 days. The hood is diluted 10 times before use.

    Application. To combat aphids and as a growth stimulant.

    Infusion, burdock big

    Required: freshly prepared leaves of the plant, water.

    Cooking The plant is placed in a bucket on a third of the volume and topped up with water to the edges. Leave on the 3rd day. Filter out.

    Application. They spray cabbage, radish, radish and other vegetable crops against various leaf-eating pests.

    Onion infusion (option 1)

    Required: onion peel, 10 liters of warm water.

    Cooking Onion peel fill the bucket to half the volume, pour the water and leave for 24 hours. Strain and dilute 2 times with water.

    Application. Sprayed to combat aphids, herbivorous mites and other sucking pests of vegetable crops.

    Onion infusion (option 2)

    Required: 200 g of onion peel, 10 liters of warm water.

    Cooking Husk is filled with water and left for 4-5 days. Then filter.

    Application. For spraying cabbage seedlings against spider mites and aphids. Spraying is carried out every 5 days (no more than three treatments).

    Milkweed broth, rod-shaped

    Required: 4 kg of leaves and stems, 3-5 liters of water.

    Cooking The leaves and stems are cut off immediately after flowering, crushed, poured with water and boiled for 2-3 hours. Then filtered and diluted with water to 10 liters.

    Application. For spraying of vegetable crops against caterpillars of the cabbage moth, scoops and moths (4 days interval).

    Buttercup Infusion

    Required: 1 kg of aboveground parts of the plant, 40 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Plants are collected during flowering, poured water and insist 1-2 days. Then filter and add soap.

    Application. Apply against aphids.

    Potassium permanganate solution

    Required: 5 grams of potassium permanganate, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Potassium permanganate is dissolved in water.

    Application. They spray the plants against the powdery mildew of pumpkin, strick tomatoes, repels the raspberry-strawberry weevil.

    Urea solution

    Required: 700 g of urea, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Urea is dissolved in water.

    Application. Used for treatment against scab in early spring pristvolnyh circles of fruit trees, as well as in the autumn after harvest before the leaves fall off (500 g of urea).

    Soap solution

    Required: 250-300 g of soap, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The soap is dissolved in warm water.

    Application. The solution is used against aphids.

    Dandelion infusion medicinal

    Required: 300 g of crushed rhizomes or 400 g of green leaves, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking Rhizomes or leaves pour water and insist 2-3 hours. Strain.

    Application. Used for spraying fruit trees against aphids, ticks and sucker. Sprayed on the buds, and then after flowering. If the pests have already appeared, then spray them several times with an interval of 10-15 days.

    Decoction of alder gray

    Required: 2 kg of fresh alder leaves or 1 kg of dried, 10 liters of water.

    Cooking The leaves are crushed and filled with water. Leave on knocking, then boil for 30-40 minutes. Allow to cool, and filter after 6-12 hours.

    Application. Spray fruit crops against aphids and spider mites.

    1. Red ground pepper

    This is the most powerful "plant drug" from most pests. Especially destructive against aphids, Coppers, small caterpillars, slugs of small ages. There is one difficulty with him - you cannot make a decoction from it (we tried: the smell is disgusting, the texture is suspicious). Pepper, we poured boiling water and insisted five days.

    20 g onion peel

    2. Onion Husk

    Universal doctor: stimulates plant growth, crushes diseases and destroys pests. Mainly used to combat aphids, bedbugs, spider mites, suckers, moths.

    Chamomile flowers pharmacy boil for 20 minutes

    chamomile. Pharmaceutical, Caucasian and Dalmatian applied. Best Dalmatian. She is generally the progenitor of almost all modern insecticides. In honor of her, they are called pyrethroids, since they are to some extent derived from the substances contained in this plant.

    Take 60-80 g of bitter wormwood

    4. Grass of wormwood

    Dangerous for a wide range of pests, and does not kill, but scares them. It is especially afraid of the apple moth.

    Fill the grass with hot water and boil for 20-30 minutes.

    Of these components, we made a "treat" in this composition:
    20 g of onion peel boil for 20 minutes in 250 ml of water, strain and dilute the resulting amount to 100 g with boiled water (boil a lot in the process),
    50 g of camomile for 250 ml of water to keep on low heat for 20 minutes, also bring to 100 ml,
    60-80 g of wormwood boil for 30 minutes, then strain and bring to 100 g,
    Pour 15-20 g of red pepper powder with hot water and leave for 3-5 days, then strain through four-layer gauze.

    Broth onion peel cook 20-30 minutes

    The finished components are mixed

    Of course, you can immediately pour everything and cook together (except for pepper), but then the “seagulls” will turn out not so vigorous. And the concentration will be difficult to guess. That is, the decoction will have to be used immediately. And such a concentrated in a tightly closed glass jar in a dark warm place can be stored for 15-20 days.

    The resulting solution is diluted in 10 liters of water and add a tablespoon of laundry detergent (for better adherence of the drug) and a couple of tablets of Trihopol, which is successfully used against fungal diseases. If desired, colloidal sulfur can also be poured, which is necessary against mites and powdery mildew.

    Everything! From such a biological magician, all pests and diseases will scatter.

    50 g of chamomile

    When using broth, it is necessary to take all the same hygiene and safety measures as with chemical preparations.

    Spray at twilight. Many herbal preparations lose their beneficial properties in the sun.

    The mixture should be treated three times at intervals of five days, only after that you can count on a victory over the pests. With a high number of pests need to still resort to the use of insecticides.

    Methods of dealing with the Colorado potato beetle

    Regularly inspect planted plants and when you find egg clutches, begin active pest control.

    1. The most common method is the manual gathering of larvae and beetles. They are collected in a bucket, and then burned or poured with concentrated saline in which they die. The method is quite effective, but time-consuming.

    2. Layout of baits between plantings in the form of tops of potatoes and tomatoes. Clusters of beetles destroy as well as in the first case.

    3. Planting in the aisle or along the perimeter of the site of potato plants that frighten Colorado potato beetles: garlic, mustard, catnip, coriander (cilantro), nasturtium, marigold.

    4. Dusting beds sifted organic ash. The most pernicious for the Colorado potato beetle is the ash obtained by burning birch. The procedure is recommended when the leaves of the plants are wet, for example, early in the morning on dew or after rain. You can also pre-irrigate the beds with water. Even a single application of ash at the rate of 10 kg per one hundred square meters gives a noticeable result - after 48 hours most of the insects die.

    5. Spraying with insecticide formulations. Experienced gardeners recommend preparing concentrated decoctions and infusions of various plants: walnut, white acacia, bitter wormwood, poplar, sunflower, elecampane, onion and garlic peel, red hot pepper, tobacco, garlic, hornberry, hemp, celandine. Birch tar diluted in water is also used (100 grams of active ingredient per standard bucket of water). Processing should begin with the appearance of the first shoots of potatoes with a frequency of 2-3 times a week.

    Of course, at the present time it is not a problem to purchase various chemicals that destroy pests. However, the majority of gardeners who adhere to the principles of organic farming, try not to use aggressive synthetic substances in their backyards, using only traditional methods of pest control in order to obtain an environmentally friendly and high-quality crop, free from chemistry and not harm the surrounding wildlife. Have a good harvest!

    Watch the video: How to control snails & slugs in your garden - 5 EZ organic methods (October 2019).

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