Garden

Cornflower and blue in folk medicine: description, preparation and useful properties

Approximately 500 species grow in Europe, Asia, North Africa and America.

Usually, when it comes to the cornflower plant, a blue flower immediately appears, despite the fact that they are still yellow, pink, purple and so on.

In the Russian Federation, they are called in different ways - alarm, ringing grass, dreamer, drag, blue light.

General information

In ornamental gardening it is customary to classify cornflowers on several grounds. The first divides the representatives of the genus into annuals and perennials.

The one-year-old, in particular, includes the well-known blue cornflower (aka field cornflower, blue cornflower, and garden cornflower), which created an association of cornflower with blue in the masses. Among the cornflowers of this species are also found biennial plants.

Long since their blue flowers, lost in the crops of rye, have attracted the attention of flower growers, even taking into account the fact that they are, in fact, weeds.

Their beauty is so pronounced that already in the distant 16th century the plant was cultivated.

In the natural environment, the color of the funnel-shaped marginal flowers is bright blue, while among the varieties there are a variety of colors - pink, red and others.

In addition, terry and semi terry variety forms, which differ in the number of widely tubular flowers, are bred.

Cornflower terry also has a wide color range - there are bright blue, purple, dark purple and other colors of the variety.

Flowering blue cornflower continues from early summer until the arrival of frost. The plant is generally not demanding in courtship.

In British firms (and the British are ardent supporters of simplicity and natural closeness in all that relates to colors) you can choose almost any variety that meets personal requirements and preferences. Also blue cornflowers are an integral component of the seed mixture of Moorish lawn.

Cornflower

Cornflower musk - more often one-, sometimes two-year-old, growing in the eastern Mediterranean. Shoots branch, topped with single light yellow baskets. Flowering lasts from June to September.

Cornflower sprawling refers to biennial plants. Its shoots are strongly branched. The main interest in this species is chained flowers rather rare, as for cornflowers, color - white. They form small baskets at the ends of the twigs.

Perennial cornflowers are characterized by undemanding and almost complete immunity to disease. To understand how best to use them in your flower garden, you need to know that they are divided into 2 groups:

Cornflowers with a taproot or short rhizome. They tend to form dense bushes and grow slowly.

  • These include Cornflower Russian (light yellow inflorescences with a diameter of up to 7 cm, flowering period - July-August, is in demand in mixed flower beds, as an element of the 2nd plan),
  • knitted cornflower (one of the most beautiful, with spectacular bright pink flowers and beautiful foliage, used in England to compose mixborders),
  • Cornflower (inflorescences are bright purple, up to 4 cm in diameter, the shoots are straight branchy purple, flowering period - from mid-summer to cold weather),
  • Phrygian Cornflower (blooms since July with purple-pink corymbose baskets for one and a half months),
  • cornflower rough (with spherical single baskets, purple-lilac on the edge, lighter in the middle zone, blooming from July to August and being the second following the blue cornflower in its melliferous properties)
  • Taliyev's cornflower (the rarest species listed in the Red Book and found only on the territory of the European part of Russia, the shade of flowers is creamy yellowish, blooming occurs in the middle of summer).

And cornflowers that form root processes or horizontal rhizomes. Actively grow with the formation of clumps and thickets.

  • These include mountain cornflower, characterized by a stable decorative effect throughout the season and special beauty at the time of flowering from June to August. In 6-cm inflorescences baskets are blue, more precisely - purple-blue with a deep shade. Like the blue cornflower, this species has long been used in culture (since the middle of the 16th century).

Cornflower planting and care

Cornflower in a natural environment prefers open fields. He is not afraid of the cold, and he loves the light very much, so for growing it is necessary to choose a place well lit.

This applies to both the one-year blue cornflower and perennials; the more sun the site has, the better, and even strong heat in this case suits more than half shade.

A lot of light is needed above all the foliage, which should receive it evenly throughout the volume, and therefore in compositions of mixed type blue cornflower (and some others) should be placed in the foreground (even taking into account varietal differences in height), and thickened plantings for the most part do not fit.

In addition, for the comfortable development of these plants need a certain space equal to approximately half a meter between instances of medium and high varieties. With such a distance, mutual darkening is practically excluded.

For the most part, cornflowers are very resistant to drought, including, of course, the popular blue species, which can bear even long periods in dry ground.

But this is less true for rarer annual cornflowers (for example, for meadow cornflowers), which is important for light soil moisture.

Bodyac is also a representative of the Astro family and has healing properties. It is grown during planting and care in the open field without much hassle, but you should be careful because this is weed. Recommendations for growing and removing this plant can be found in this article.

Soil for cornflowers

Lush and long flowering period is ensured by planting cornflowers on high-quality ground, pre-treated and medium-nutrient.

Numerous and most dimensional flowers are obtained where the land is fertile, not oversaturated with humus, drained and neutral in performance. Calcareous or acidified soils are not favorable for cultivation, as well as compacted, too dry, dry, stony.

For this part of the care, it should be noted that the land should be systematically weeded and slightly loosened when the cornflower is young, and mulching makes it possible not to carry out even these minimal procedures.

Cornflower transplant

Transplantation of perennial cornflowers is carried out from the 10th to the 30th of August. The selected specimen should be dug, cut to a height of 10 cm from the root, and the root system should be washed with water.

If it is necessary to divide, divide with a sharpened knife into a couple of delenok, including several daughter buds. Before planting, soil is compacted with soil, spreading fertilizer with a 5-cm layer.

Fertilizer for cornflower

Cornflowers are not needed for fertile soils; moreover, they can adversely affect development if there is an overabundance. Mineral nutritional mixtures make only at the initial stage of flowering, and only in a small volume equal to half of the dose indicated on the package.

Under no circumstances should these procedures be systematized, even when grown for cutting. Repeated non-concentrated dressing is allowed in case of problems with flowering, manifested in a sharp reduction in the number of flowers or a delay of the second wave.

Cornflower cutting

Giving a cornflower aesthetics and sophistication is reduced to pruning of faded flowers. If you forget about it, the next year there may be a not very pleasant surprise in the form of overgrown everywhere where no cornflowers are. Pruning is carried out, following one of the 2 proven methods - high and low.

The first involves cutting the stems under the inflorescences, and the second - all entirely with a residue of about 10 cm. The upper trimming (high) is safer and allows you to get a neater and fluffy shrub, avoiding the danger of getting bald spots in the flower garden.

Cornflower seed growing

Cornflowers are propagated by sowing seeds or by grafting. If the cornflower is biennial or perennial, both methods will work, whereas the one-year can be propagated only by seed.

The sowing of seeds of annual cornflowers is produced in early spring, perennial - in the autumn, after which they will spend the winter well under the cover of snow. Roots / cuttings of perennial forms are divided from the last days of August to the first September.

Diseases and pests

Cornflowers do not undergo attacks of pests and practically do not get sick.

In those rare cases where their health deteriorates, the cause must be sought in the care (and more specifically in the excess soil moisture).

Having noticed the darkening in the form of spots on a blue cornflower, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate the disease known as fusarium.

Processing with basezol, spraying plants with cow dung infused for 3 days (1: 1 with water), sprinkling foliage and stalks with ash help them to get rid of it. The treatment of perennial species looks different - the affected zones are cut and burned, thereby preventing the recurrence of the disease.

Cornflower blue healing properties

The marginal flowers of cornflower contain glycosides, flavonoids, vitamins, mineral salts, coloring and other compounds. Drugs that include cornflower blue are used as diaphoretic, antipyretic, diuretic and antimicrobial agents.

Its choleretic, relaxing, wound healing and analgesic actions are also expressed. With it, relieve spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs, improve appetite and digestion in general.

Cornflower Infusion

Infusion made from flowers, effectively affects inflammation and microbes in the treatment of conjunctivitis, night blindness and blepharitis. To prepare it, you need to take 1 teaspoon of cornflower flowers and pour boiling water (200 ml).

Before you start to use it, you must let it brew for 1 hour and strain. Take in a volume of 50 ml 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes before meals.

Cornflower tincture on vodka

For hepatitis and diseases of the biliary ducts, infusion of flowers is used. For 30 grams of the upper parts of the cornflower, you will need 300 milliliters of high-quality vodka (diluted medical alcohol will do).

Tincture should stay in the dark for at least 15 days, while it must be shaken every day. In its finished form, take 30 drops before meals.

Cornflower broth

In cases of urination problems associated with inflammation in the kidneys, they are treated with a decoction of cornflower petals.

It is prepared as follows: two tablespoons of vegetable raw materials pour 250 ml of boiled water and boil for 10 minutes. You can take a tablespoon up to 6 times a day.

Cornflower healing properties and contraindications

Cornflower favorite by many wildflowers. He pleases us not only with its pure blue color, but also with many useful and healing properties.

It is brewed to relieve fatigue from eyes, boils, cystitis and many other diseases.

He is a great honey plant that gives us healing and tasty honey.

How does cornflower look and where does it grow

Cornflower has long been popularly known as the first herald of this summer. In mid-June, and in some areas already at the end of May, he appears on the fields planted with rye, meadows and roads.

Looks like a cornflower everyone knows. This is an annual or perennial herb, up to 60 centimeters in height with a thin stem and lanceolate leaves 1-4 centimeters long. Cornflower blue or field - a beautiful flower of rich blue with delicate petals collected in a basket.

It blooms from May, June to September. Seeds ripen at the end of summer.

The cornflower belongs to the Astrovye family and includes about 734 species differing from each other in the shape and color of the petals. Southern Europe is considered the homeland, but it is growing all over the world: in Europe, Asia, Australia, America.

In our territory, the most common is blue or field cornflower, meadow cornflower, Russian cornflower, mountain cornflower, which grow practically throughout the territory, excluding areas of the far north. Some species of cornflower are listed in the Red Book and protected by the states of many countries.

Cornflower is considered a weed, clogging cereal crops. The most favorite places of its growth - along the roads, the edges of the forest, meadows. But the most favorite place - crops of rye, barley, wheat.

Cornflower useful properties

The main components of the chemical composition of cornflower flowers are:

In addition, it contains:

Dyes (protocyanin pigment),

The main mineral salts in it are the salts of potassium and magnesium - two very important minerals for the human body.

The blue cornflower plant is not for a bouquet - it is torn off, it does not stand long in a vase, and it will wither the next day. But it retains nutrients and color very well during drying. For what they love to collect for bouquets of dried flowers.

Cornflower indications

In official medicine, blue cornflower flowers are used in collections as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic.

Basically it is prescribed for renal and cardiac edema, nephritis, cystitis, urethritis.

Choleretic properties of herbs are used to treat the liver and bile ducts.

Its application in traditional medicine is much wider, where petals, leaves and roots are used for treatment. It has long been used as an effective remedy for the treatment of conjunctivitis, as well as lotions to relieve eye strain.

Preparations from it in the form of decoctions, compresses, infusions are prescribed for:

  • Heart pains
  • Inflammations of all sorts,
  • Urinary system disorders,
  • Dropsy,
  • Jaundice
  • Female diseases (delayed menstruation),
  • Diarrhea
  • Headaches,
  • Rheumatism,
  • Diathesis (children),
  • Eczema
  • Stretching tendons and muscles,
  • Inflammation and redness of the eyes, barley,
  • Chronic kidney disease.

Cornflower is also used as an anesthetic, antipyretic, sedative and antibacterial agent for weight loss.

Collection and preparation of raw materials

As a medicinal plant in official medicine, cornflower blue or field apply. In folk medicine, sometimes used cornflower meadow, which has a pink-purple flowers.

It is possible to prepare a plant only during the flowering period, which lasts a long period.

To do this, choose fully blooming specimens, remove the flaccid and faded leaves, in the petals of flowers cut off from the flower basket.

Dry the resulting material only in the shade to save all the beneficial substances. Petals that have lost color after drying are not used for treatment, as they have lost their healing properties.

For the preparation of compresses and lotions, wound healing and wart removal dry seeds, previously dried in the same way, are used.

Typically, after three to four days, the harvested material dries completely and is ready for storage. To do this, it is placed in an airtight glass dish and used for two years.

In traditional medicine, cornflower roots are also used. They are harvested during the flowering period, along with the rest of the plant. The roots are cleaned and dried in the usual way. For storage most often used paper bags or cardboard boxes.

Cornflower application

There are a number of recipes in which the blue cornflower is used fresh. For example, a drink made from cornflower, the recipe of which is quite simple.

5-7 grams of cornflower petals (a teaspoon with a slide) is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for half an hour.

Tea or drink with cornflower can be drunk immediately or diluted with boiling water, as brewing. Such a tool, thanks to the biologically active substances contained in it, perfectly relieves headache, fever and swelling, quenches thirst.

Tea prepared in this way perfectly stimulates the appetite, if you drink it half an hour before a meal.

Cornflower blue with heart disease

Cornflower blue copes with the restoration of the body after suffering heart disease. To do this, prepare the oil extract.

100 grams of herbal mass is crushed, poured 2 cups of vegetable oil (preferably olive oil) and infused in a warm place (preferably in the sun) for 20 days. It is best to use an opaque, tight-fitting dish for this. The resulting mixture is filtered and take 1 teaspoon on an empty stomach every day.

Hood helps normalize heart pressure, relieve swelling and disinfect the body. The course of treatment is 2 months and it can be repeated only after six months.

Collection for hypertension

Take 15 grams of each plant: blue cornflower flowers, black chokeberry berries, yarrow, mistletoe leaves, valerian root, hawthorn fruit, horsetail.

One tablespoon of the collection brew 200 ml of boiling water and insist 30 minutes. Strain and drink 70 ml after each meal.

For relieving eye strain

For removal of fatigue from eyes, puffiness, and restoration of color of eyes use collecting with cornflower.

The flowers of cornflower, lion's pharynx, ochanka and elderberry take in equal shares, crushed and mixed in a dry dish. In the ratio of 1 to 100, the mixture is poured with boiling water and insisted in a warm place (and preferably in a thermos) for 6 hours.

This infusion is perfect for instillation into the eyes, for lotions that are placed on the eyes for 10-15 minutes, after which you should thoroughly wash the skin with warm water.

With constant use, the color of the eye protein is restored, and the vision is improved, the eye mucosa is restored. The treatment is carried out in several stages, for a month each with interruptions.

Tiredness from the eyes quickly remove and the infusion of cornflower, cooked according to this recipe.

Cornflower flowers - dry or fresh pour boiling water in a ratio of 1 to 20 (2 tsp. Per glass) and insist in a warm place for 2 hours, well wrapped. Then strain and use for eye baths.

Collection to stop bleeding

The crushed dry roots of cornflower are combined in equal shares with the crushed grass of yarrow and horsetail.

10-15 grams of collection (2 tablespoons) pour 100 grams of water (half a cup) and boil over low heat until the liquid evaporates in half.

Take 2 tablespoons every hour until the complete bleeding stops and fix the result for the next two days, using the same dose once a day.

Cornflower tincture on vodka

Alcohol tincture cornflower field perfectly cope with jaundice, urinary diseases, kidney diseases.

To prepare it, you need to insist on dry petals on vodka (100 grams per liter) for two weeks.

One tablespoon of tincture is taken before meals two to three times a day, with plenty of water.

2 teaspoons of cornflower roots brew 200 ml of hot water and insist 2 hours. Strain and take a tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals for 15-20 minutes.

Cornflower in cosmetology

Cornflower is used for rinsing hair, as a lotion for wiping oily skin.

A tablespoon of flowers pour 0.5 liters of a mixture of vinegar and water, taken in equal proportions. Hold for half an hour and filtered. Rub this mixture twice a day into the hair roots. At bedtime, rinse your head with plain water.

This lotion helps to restore the structure and strengthen the hair.

To care for oily skin, prepare lotion, brewing 50 grams of fresh petals with 0.5 liters of boiling water. Insist for an hour and strain.

Wipe face with this lotion daily. Store in the refrigerator or freeze cubes.

Contraindications and side effects

The main feature due to which the cornflower is used with great care is the content of cyanide in it. Currently there is no scientifically proven and certain safe dose for taking plant preparations.

Therefore, this flower is considered poisonous and should be used very carefully. In any form it is forbidden to contact with flowers, and especially with cornflower juice, for pregnant women, women during lactation and babies.

Take infusions, decoctions should be with great caution, after receiving advice from your doctor, especially if you are taking other medicines.

If any side effects occur, the medication with cornflower must be stopped immediately and consult a doctor.

Sensitive people, especially those who are allergic to the Astrov family, such as sunflower, dandelion and others, may experience an allergic reaction.

Since cornflower has anti-inflammatory properties, caution must be exercised when treating anti-inflammatory drugs at the same time.

Taking broths and herb infusions can cause a recurrence of urolithiasis, especially when taken simultaneously with medicines used to treat urolithiasis.

Wildflower cornflower is not just a plant. He pleases the eye, heals and helps people in everyday life. This weed perfectly tints woolen products blue, used for cooking vinegars and as a seasoning for cereals, soups, gravy and sauces.

Cornflower honey is considered the most useful and highly valued by beekeepers.

And in the old days, rituals were conducted with the help of this flower, they consecrated dwellings and protected them from the evil eye.

The health benefits of cornflower are almost invaluable - everyone can choose decoctions, infusions, lotions, oils and much more individually.

Learn more about the healing properties of this beautiful flower.

Cornflower: medicinal properties and contraindications, flower description, photo

Cornflower, whose therapeutic properties and contraindications we consider in the article, is an annual plant, a representative of the Astrov family. Homeland is considered the Mediterranean. It grows in Europe, Russia, Kazakhstan. The plant is often found on forest edges and roadsides.

Many legends are associated with the origin of the cornflower. According to one of them, the centaur cured the wound of Hercules with the sap of the plant. According to the beliefs of the Romans, a young man named Cyanus wore dark blue clothes. Goddess Flora did not like this, and she turned it into a flower.

And in Ukraine they say that once a peasant named Vasily mowed rye. He liked the mermaid who decided to enchant him. Basil went after her spellbound. And she, not wanting to let go, turned him into a cornflower (photo of flowers in front of you), which is similar in color to water.

Magical properties are attributed to this plant. It is said that flowers are able to protect people from evil spirits.

For example, on the day of Ivan Kupala, girls wash their face with infusion from this flower so that the evil spell cannot defeat them. And on the wedding day the bride and groom were baptized with a bunch of cornflowers.

They are made holy on August 14, on the day of Makovei or the First Savior. And still from them weave wreaths and store houses the whole year. Mention and in folk songs cornflower.

Medicinal properties and contraindications have long been known in traditional medicine. Even Hippocrates knew about this flower. It is used today in the treatment of many ailments.

Science has about 700 species of plants. Flowers are not only blue, but also white, black, yellow and purple. However, the classic cornflower has exactly blue color.

Collection, preparation of raw materials and storage

Flowers collect the whole summer while they bloom. The best of them are the ones that are completely blossomed. The raw materials are blue flowers, which are separated from tubular bases in order to achieve the best quality of the drug.

Plucked flowers are airing, spreading out in a dark cool place. If the raw material is prepared correctly, it will turn blue, have no smell, and if you taste it, the cornflower will be bitter. Flowers are stored in glass containers or paper bags for two years.

If during drying the rays of the sun fall, the flowers of cornflower will lose medicinal properties and become useless for traditional medicine. This, by the way, can be seen in color - it will turn white.

The fact that cornflower has healing properties and contraindications is explained by its composition. It contains the following trace elements and substances:

In the plant a lot:

  • vitamin C, normalizing the work of the central nervous system, activates the activity of the endocrine glands and normalizes blood formation,
  • carotene, an immunostimulating substance, as well as an excellent antioxidant,
  • resins that have antibacterial, disinfectant and immunomodulatory effects,
  • coumarins, lowering blood clotting, as well as possessing astringent, antiseptic and diuretic properties.

Useful properties of cornflower blue

In folk medicine for a long time use the healing properties of the plant. On its basis, antipyretic and diuretic agents are prepared.

Another Roman physician named Galen treated the plant in patients with kidneys.

Until now, cornflower is used for problems in the genitourinary system, such as neurites or cystitis.

Other medical properties of cornflower include choleretic and cleansing. Thanks to the first, the plant treats liver diseases. Cornflower protects the body against viruses and infections.

A cleansing property is actively used in diets. Removing unnecessary water, cornflower promotes the rapid burning of fat.

Broths from it normalize digestion and help eliminate toxins and slags, eliminating harmful substances.

Known positive effect of the flower on vision. So, with blepharitis, cotton discs dipped in cornflower infusion are applied to the eyelids. The same tool will relieve fatigue after a long work at the computer.

Contraindications

First of all, you should not dismiss individual intolerance. Some trace elements make the plant toxic. We are talking about cyan potentially hazardous components that cornflower contains.

Medicinal properties and contraindications differ greatly in percentage, however, it must be borne in mind that the plant is slightly toxic. Therefore, its use is prohibited for pregnant women, as well as for women during lactation and for children.

It is also known that folk remedies do not make it from uterine bleeding. Moreover, in the presence of such a problem it is impossible to use it in any form.

The coumarins of cornflower are very strong anticoagulants, they inhibit blood clotting.

Application

Those who want to normalize the digestive process, improve the appetite or cure colds, it is useful to drink tea brewed with cornflower. The flowers are added to black or green tea, drink drink twenty minutes before meals. He actively eliminates toxins.

Also prepare and healing mixture of various components. To do this, take a teaspoon of bearberry and licorice root, pour 500 milliliters of boiling water and leave on the fire for 3-4 minutes, then add the same cornflower, cool the solution and infuse for several hours.

Take the medicine three times a day according to art. a spoon.

The following tincture will have an excellent effect as a diuretic for edema and to increase the appetite. Take the flowers one part and pour ten parts of vodka.

The drug is insisted for two weeks, then filtered. Consume before meals twenty drops, which are diluted in a tablespoon of water at room temperature.

Broth well to do eyewash for inflammation and fatigue. Take a teaspoon of flowers, add boiling water to a glass and keep on fire for several minutes.

Then insist hour, filter, moisten cotton pads in a cool broth and apply to the eyelids. It is also taken internally by two articles.

spoon three times a day one hour before a meal for sore throat, bronchitis and laryngitis.

Prepare another infusion for colds. These recipes are folk remedies for diarrhea in children and adults, stomach pain and kidney disease.

The recipe is the following. Three teaspoons of cornflowers poured 400 ml of boiling water, insist a couple of hours, then filtered.

Take the tool 4 times a day for 15 minutes before meals.

Look at the cornflower! A photo of flowers shows how beautiful these plants are. It is not surprising that they are widely used in the beauty industry. The flower has a beneficial effect on the skin of the face, eyelids and hair.

Plant extract is part of many cleansing lotions sold in stores. But it is prepared and independently. For this, two articles. spoon pour two cups of boiling water and insist hour. The tool is useful to wash in the morning or wipe the face.

It is also frozen and rubbed with ice cube. It perfectly tones the skin and tightens pores. Cornflower is especially suitable for oily and combination skin, as it reduces sebum production and the appearance of acne.

If it is used constantly, the face will become a matte shade and freshness.

With long work at the computer, the infusion of cornflower becomes an indispensable tool. With him make compresses for ever. They also wash the skin around the eyes after removing makeup and before applying face cosmetics.

Infusion will help to inhale strength in loose and lifeless hair. It is rubbed into the roots after washing the head. It is also good to just rinse the curls. Cornflower will help stop their loss and get rid of dandruff.

Herbalists recommend making flower baths. They relieve fatigue. This is facilitated by the essential oils that make up the plant. To prepare a bath is simple. A glass of flowers poured boiling water, insist hour and poured into the bath. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes.

Popular varieties Cornflower

Among the many varieties there are those that are deserved for many years, are popular with our gardeners.

Very popular Cornflower. Wonderful bright blue flowers bloom on a long stem of 80 cm. Green leafy plates are thin and long. This is a biennial plant and it is quite common in the meadows and fields of Russia.

Perennial grows to 80 cm. On long stems are leafy plates of green, covered with milk down. Flowers are collected in baskets and have different colors:

  • Purple,
  • Pink
  • White (rather rare color).

Garden perennial

Cornflower Garden perennial

This variety Cornflower is perennial and grows in one place up to 11 years, while it is absolutely unpretentious. The height of the bush is 90 cmThe leaf plates at the bottom of the bush are wide, dissected, upper narrow and long.

This species has high and not high varieties, which, depending on growth, are planted in the background or foreground of a flower bed. Flowers are collected in baskets and have pink and blue hues.

Blue Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)

It has gray-green leaf plates and a tall stem up to 100 cm. Flowers are collected in baskets. The color of the extreme petals is sky blue. Blossom begins in June and lasts until September..

Linked (Centaurea dealbata or Psephellus dealbatus)

Cornflower Caneed (Centaurea dealbata or Psephellus dealbatus)

This cute flower has white leafy plates at the base of the plant.

Leaf plates located on top of the green. The height of an adult bush is 60 cm.

Flowers are collected in baskets and have a bright pink color.

Wild species

What types of cornflower are common in the wild? Here are some of them:

  1. Eastern Cornflower (Centaurea orientalis)
  2. Phrygian Cornflower (Centaurea phrygia)
  3. Cornflower false French (Centaurea preudophrygia)
  4. Cornflower (Centaurea jacea)

Oriental (Centaurea orientalis)

Eastern Cornflower (Centaurea orientalis)

This perennial variety Cornflower has a high growth of 120 cm and large yellow flowers at the ends of powerful shoots.

The variety is very decorative and it is often planted in flowerbeds.

Crisp cornflower (Centaurea phrygia)

Perennial, the height of the bush can be different from 30-130 cm. Flowers are large, up to 5 cm in diameter, middle leaflets of the wrapper at the top with constriction and black fringed-dissected appendages.

It grows throughout Russia.

Pseudophrenia (Centaurea preudophrygia)

Common Cornflower (Centaurea preudophrygia)

This species resembles the Phrygian Cornflower. The difference lies in the fact that the color of the appendages is brown and there are no banners on the leaves of the wrapper. Flowering continues all summer and early autumn. It grows throughout the middle belt of Russia.

Choosing various soils of Cornflower to know that with the help of seeds the grade of a plant is not transmitted.

It is often enough to be found in the flowerbeds of the city and in the front gardens of our flower lovers. Let's examine the structure of the cornflower from the point of view of the flower master

It has a direct stem, which, depending on the variety, can reach a height of 100 cm. Flowers are collected in dense baskets of various shades.:

Cornflower - a beautiful, uncomplicated flower that does not require special care

Plants can be:

Flowering begins in early summer and depending on the variety until late autumn.

Medicinal properties

Cornflower contains a wide range of minerals, vitamins, flavonoids and coumarins.

With this plant you can treat various diseases.:

  1. Chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
  2. Urinary system.
  3. Liver disease.
  4. Gallbladder.
  5. Treatment of edema.

To carry out any treatment after consultation with the doctor.

In order for the plant to enjoy its flowering, you need to know how to cultivate it on your own plot.

Planting a plant

For planting cornflower should choose a sunny place.

The plant is planted in the spring, as soon as the ground warms up. Usually this time is from April to the onset of heat. Soil can any quality important before planting her dig and get rid of weeds.

Holes are dug at a distance of 50 cm from each other and shed well with water. Once the water is absorbed, put the rhizome of the plant and sprinkle it with earth. In this case, the root system must be straightened in such a way that the individual roots lie in separate directions.

If a strong warming is expected, the planting site of the cornflower rhizome should be mulched with hay.

You can propagate a perennial plant in various ways.:

  1. Root cuttings.
  2. The division of the bush.
  3. Seeds.

Root cuttings can be propagated during the warm season.. For this, they carefully dig a cutting from the mother bush so that it has its own root system and the vegetative part of the flower.

Digging the stalk does not damage the mother plant.

Then the stalk is planted in the usual way, mulching its landing.

The division of the bush do after flowering around the end of August. To do this, 4-year-old bush of Cornflower is dug out and divided with garden shears into pieces that will have both roots and growing buds. Further parts are planted in the usual way.

Seed propagated in early March. Planted seeds in containers filled with fertile and loose earth. Watering is done by immersion so as not to wash the seeds. When the seedlings will be on 2 true leaves, she is picking.

Cornflower seedlings need a lot of light, if it is not available, seedlings are illuminated with special lamps.

All annual varieties breed only by seed.

Cornflower blue

An annual or biennial herb. It is used to treat eye diseases, urinary tract, pancreas, skin diseases. Also used as an analgesic and antipyretic agent.

The healing properties of blue cornflower have been described in ancient Greece. Hippocrates' followers believed: since a flower has such an attractive, beautiful look, it must certainly possess useful properties. “Centaurea” in Latin means “centaur”. The ancient Greeks associated the name of the flower with the centaur Chiron, who was famous for the gift of healing. From the ancient Greek medical books the description of the blue cornflower and its action migrated to the medieval herbalists. Petals and seeds of this plant were used to treat a variety of diseases: plague fever, to stop bleeding, as an antidote to the bite of poisonous spiders, eye inflammation, bruises, wound suppuration, skin diseases.

Growing area

The birthplace of this beautiful flower is the Mediterranean basin. Cornflower blue (field, sowing) is a well-known and beloved flower by many, distributed throughout Russia. It can be seen also in the Far East and in Siberia, in the Central Asian and Caucasian regions. It can grow in forest areas and forest-steppe. It abounds in grain fields, especially in wheat and rye. Also often found near roads, in forest belts, roadside plantings. On dry meadows, it can be seen next to chamomile and poppy. Cornflower blue is considered a weed. For many years, the plant exterminated, which led to a significant decrease in the number of field cornflower. Therefore, today this species is under protection.

Botanical description, chemical composition and preparation of raw materials

Cornflower blue. Botanical illustration from the book “The Bilder ur Nordens Flora” by K. A. M. Lindman, 1917–1926.

Description cornflower blue. The root of the plant is thin, vertical. The height of the stem can be from 30 to 50 cm, sometimes higher. Leaves with thin felt, stem, sessile. The flowers are single, have the shape of a basket, the edge flowers have a bright blue color and a funnel shape, the inner ones have a tubular shape, a purple hue.

  • Active ingredients. The flowers of blue cornflower contain such beneficial substances: anthocyanins, glycosides, carotene, alkaloids, wax, saponins, bitterness, tannins, pectins, blue dye, ascorbic acid. It also contains many flavonoids, essential oils and mineral salts.
  • Collection and storage. Begin collecting raw materials in June, and finish collecting in September. Herbalists are advised to cut the flower with a stem. Then the plants are tied up in bunches and dried indoors with fresh air. It is in this form that the flower retains the blue color, which is its value. Used for the treatment of marginal flowers. They are best kept in linen bags, wooden boxes or paper bags. Keep away from sunlight and moisture.
  • Curative Blue Cornflower

    What are the beneficial properties of cornflower? What diseases do they use?

    • With urinary tract infections. The plant is part of the diuretic tea. It helps with violations of the kidneys, bladder, well removes puffiness, removes excess fluid from the body.
    • With diseases of the digestive tract. Acts as a mild choleretic agent for hepatitis and cholecystitis. It is used in acute and chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, biliary tract and liver. Flowers are part of the gastric fees, which improve appetite and digestion.
    • With ARVI, flu. The cornflower flower is used for fever as a diaphoretic, which leads to a decrease in temperature.
    • With violations of cardiac activity. Beneficial effect on the cardiovascular, nervous system.
    • Outdoor use. The flower is famous for its bactericidal properties. Therefore, it is used as an external remedy for suppurations, boils, eczema, ulcers, warts, inflammation of the eyes of different nature - barley, blepharitis, conjunctivitis. Also infusion of plants treat night blindness.
    • Anesthetic effect. Alcohol tincture of the flower is used for toothache.

    The flower is actively used in homeopathy. First of all they treat eye diseases. Also herbal medicines are effective for headaches, hepatitis, cough, kidney disease, bladder, blood.


    Features and medicinal properties of other species

    There are about 500 varieties of cornflower. The most common ones are blue, white, meadow, whitewashed, mountainous, pink, yellow, big-headed, oriental, spreading, Phrygian, grungy, and others. Also derived garden varieties of cornflowers. In addition to Europe, the flower is found in America and Asia. On the territory of Russia two more species of wild cornflower are widespread - meadow and Russian.

    Cornflower

    • Description cornflower meadow. Usually grows on dry meadows, near field roads. In crops, unlike cornflower blue, is rare. Good honey plant. The height of the stem can reach 1 m. The stalk is strong and rough, the leaves are oblong, with a fluffy surface. Flowers solitary, in the form of inflorescences-baskets, with tubular inner and funnel-shaped marginal flowers. Color - from pink to lilac.
    • Healing action. Cornflower has the same healing effect: it has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, diuretic, choleretic, analgesic properties. Cornflower meadow flowers are used for violations of the menstrual cycle. Also used the roots of plants for the preparation of infusion with diarrhea. Fresh stems and flowers can be poured boiling water, make broths from broth with muscle sprains. Dry marginal flowers are used for baths with rheumatic diseases. While bathing children, you can add a decoction of cornflower meadow with skin rashes.

    Cornflower Russian

    • Where is growing? Cornflower Russian is found in the Caucasus, the Urals and Altai, in Central Asia, as well as in southeastern regions of Europe. He likes steppes, dry meadows, shrub zones, rocky slopes, limestone, chalky rocks. In a number of Russian regions, this flower is under protection and is listed in the Red Book.
    • What does Russian cornflower look like? This is a perennial herb. The stem is covered with down, height from 50 to 150 cm. The leaves are wide, divided into narrow lobes. Yellow flower in the form of a single basket. Flowering period: from July to August.
    • How is it used in traditional medicine? Cornflower Russian used in traditional medicine is not as widely as cornflower and blue cornflower. Its medicinal properties are poorly studied, there is no information about side effects when using this type of plant. Its bactericidal property is known, decoction is used in case of digestive disorders. Seeds contain oils suitable for food, used for technical purposes. Not only flowers are harvested, but also leaves and stem.

    The use of blue cornflower has a wide range, as the plant has a diuretic, diaphoretic, choleretic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory action. But still experienced herbalists attribute it to auxiliary additives for diseases of the digestive system. In folk medicine, blue cornflower is most often used as an external remedy for eye ailments.

    Phrygian Cornflower - description and photo

    It is easy to confuse with meadow cornflower. The same powerful branched stem, growing a meter or more. Large baskets with lilac-pink flowers of two types are very similar - funnel-shaped along the edges, tubular in the center.

    The stem is ribbed, often not green, but dark purple. On the tops of the stem and its lateral branches spherical flower baskets grow with a wrap of tightly pressed leaves, brown in color. These baskets are also collected in a common corymbose inflorescence. Differences from cornflower meadow very insignificant and not very noticeable.

    The most important difference between these cornflowers is in their leaves. Actually, all our "pink" cornflowers differ from each other precisely in leaves. The Phrygian cornflower has lower leaves petiolate, sometimes dissected into large lobes. In this difference from the meadow is also not observed.

    Stem leaves are different. They are sessile in both plants, but the Phrygian cornflower is much wider and larger than that of the meadow, up to 10 - 15 cm in length and 3 - 4 cm in width. Well noticeable mesh venation of the leaf. Pubescence on the leaves and stem, too, there is, but less than the meadow cornflower.

    Living in more moist areas, the Phrygian cornflower is less concerned with the reduction of leaf evaporation. Hence, less pubescence. It is a perennial with a short thick woody rhizome in the soil.

    It blooms from June to September. Beautiful honey plant. Beginning in July, the fruits ripen - achenes with short bristles on the end.

    Separately, the medicinal properties of the Phrygian cornflower are not usually written. Close kinship with cornflower meadow, the resemblance of plants suggests that traditional medicine uses them similarly. I already wrote about this here.

    On the relationship of these cornflowers says not only the appearance. Experts write (ex., Gubanov I.A. et al. Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. v.3 ) that plants are capable of giving hybrids.

    About the origin of the name. Gave it in the 18th century, Carl Linnaeus. It was he who called the plant Centaurea phrygia. Phrygia is a region in Asia Minor, known since ancient times. The territory of modern Turkey.

    Linnaeus described plants not found in his Sweden, according to herbarium specimens. Probably, this copy was brought to him from Asia Minor (Phrygia). But it is quite possible that in those years the Phrygian cornflower was not at all so widely represented in Europe. Nevertheless, it does not grow in a real forest - only through shrubs, secondary light forests.

    In no way can we count this cornflower as a weed. Moreover, it is consciously grown by gardeners for decoration. A beautiful plant, honey plant, and even with healing properties!

    In a commentary on an article on blue cornflower, Alexander Kuznetsov explained the name of the plant by the fact that he was painted on portraits of Byzantine emperors - Basileus. But who knows, maybe they depicted not blue, but the Phrygian cornflower? The chain "basileus - basil - cornflower" and in this case can be traced quite clearly. And Phrygia and Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) are practically nearby.

    Phrygian Cornflower: Medicinal Properties

    On the meadows there is a huge variety of wild flowers, which are not only pleasing with a beautiful view, but can also be used as medicines. These plants include the Phrygian cornflower, which we describe in our article.

    Description and photo

    Phrygian Cornflower very similar to its "meadow" relative. It has a branched stem, whose height is 1 meter, sometimes a little more. It is characterized by large baskets on which are lilac-pink flowers. They are represented by two types: funnel-shaped along the edge and tubular in the center.

    Chemical composition

    Today, the chemical composition of the cornflower is not fully studied, but This plant is a treasure trove:

    • pigment and cyanogenic glycosides,
    • anthocyanins,
    • saponins
    • tannins,
    • essential oil
    • vitamins (ritin, ascorbic acid, etc.),
    • trace elements (selenium, manganese, iron, zinc).

    Collection and drying of raw materials

    To use the cornflowers for medicinal purposes, the collection should be carried out during the flowering period: June - September. Usually medicines are made from flowers.

    After collecting the edge flowers, you need to carefully sort out, remove the receptacle, tubular and faded marginal flowers. Then cornflowers should be put under a canopy, and you need to lay them out in a thin layer.

    Store dried plants can be 2 years. It is possible to determine that the flowers were dried correctly by the following features:

    • they have no smell
    • they have a bright color,
    • have a bitter taste.

    The Phrygian cornflower, when properly applied, can help cope with many ailments.The main thing is to follow the recommendations of the doctor and not to self-medicate!

    Growing in the garden

    The place is chosen sunny, and since it grows well, it is planted in increments of 50 cm. This will give room for good development of the bush.

    In time to weed the planting of seedlings so that weeds do not choke the flowers.

    In relation to moisture, cornflowers are divided into two groups - species that prefer moderate, moderate moisture, and plants that tolerate drought well.

    Watering flowers moderately, that is, if there is rain, then watering should not be done at all.

    Since an excess of moisture can cause root mass to rot.

    The ideal air temperature for good plant growth is +26 degrees.. But he doesn’t die with the increase, he just starts to throw out the buds less.

    Fertilizers are used periodically every two weeks and fertilized with complex fertilizers.

    Fertilizer after irrigation on wet ground. This protects the root system from burns.

    Cornflower will decorate any backyard

    With the help of this plant, they decorate various types of rock arias; solitaires are created from large varieties of cornflower. Combines well with these colors.:

    No matter how he is planted, it must be remembered that he does not grow in the shade.

    Traditional medicine uses a variety of infusions and teas to strengthen the human immune system. For treatment:

    • Cough
    • Uterine bleeding,
    • The treatment of the human nervous system.

    Traditional medicine uses cornflower in the treatment of inflammatory (blepharitis, conjunctivitis) eye diseases, edema (heart and kidney), diseases of the urinary system

    Official medicine uses this plant in the treatment of:

    • Heart disease
    • Eye diseases,
    • Rheumatism,
    • Gout.

    Creams containing cornflower extract perfectly care for especially sensitive eyelid skin

    Cosmetology makes decoctions and lotions for:

    • Reduction of eyelid swelling,
    • Reduction of pores on the face
    • Removes irritation on the skin.

    It is beautiful the plant brings to the world not only beauty, but also great benefit by helping to cure a person. Flowerbeds with various cornflowers planted on them attract loving looks to themselves.

    Cornflower plant

    It is often enough to be found in the flowerbeds of the city and in the front gardens of our flower lovers. Let's examine the structure of the cornflower from the point of view of the flower master

    It has a direct stem, which, depending on the variety, can reach a height of 100 cm. Flowers are collected in dense baskets of various shades.:

    • White,
    • Blue
    • Yellow
    • Violet.
    Cornflower - a beautiful, uncomplicated flower that does not require special care

    Plants can be:

    Flowering begins in early summer and depending on the variety until late autumn.

    Breeding

    You can propagate a perennial plant in various ways.:

    1. Root cuttings.
    2. The division of the bush.
    3. Seeds.
    Cornflower sprouts

    Root cuttings can be propagated during the warm season.. For this, they carefully dig a cutting from the mother bush so that it has its own root system and the vegetative part of the flower.

    Then the stalk is planted in the usual way, mulching its landing.

    The division of the bush do after flowering around the end of August. To do this, 4-year-old bush of Cornflower is dug out and divided with garden shears into pieces that will have both roots and growing buds. Further parts are planted in the usual way.

    Seed propagated in early March. Planted seeds in containers filled with fertile and loose earth. Watering is done by immersion so as not to wash the seeds. When the seedlings will be on 2 true leaves, she is picking.

    All annual varieties breed only by seed.

    Care requirement

    In relation to moisture, cornflowers are divided into two groups - species that prefer moderate, moderate moisture, and plants that tolerate drought well. Watering flowers moderately, that is, if there is rain, then watering should not be done at all. Since an excess of moisture can cause root mass to rot.

    The ideal air temperature for good plant growth is +26 degrees.. But he doesn’t die with the increase, he just starts to throw out the buds less.

    Fertilizers are used periodically every two weeks and fertilized with complex fertilizers.

    Watch the video: SEED STORIES. Blue Balloon Flower: Dig This Medicinal Ornamental! (November 2019).

    Loading...