What are the advantages of an autumn apple tree Zhigulevskoe

Apple Zhiguli varieties - This is a tree, the fruits of which ripen only in autumn, depending on the type of terrain, apples can be eaten either in early autumn or only late.

Experiments on breeding Zhigulevskoe varieties were carried out by Russian botanists and breeders in Samara at a special research base. During the study two varieties of apples interbreed - Russians and Americans.

The experiments gave a positive result, so Zhiguli apples are listed in the international register of varieties, they are recommended to be grown on private summer plots for amateur purposes.

This variety is considered fruitful.In addition, the apples are large, each of them reaches a mass of 250 grams. Themselves apples are round, color from red to maroon. They taste pleasant, sweet, with a noticeable sourness.

These apples can not be called juicytherefore, it would be appropriate to say “their amateur” about their taste. The skin of an apple is thick, protects the flesh, which is color-coded with a noticeable yellow, creamy color.

The optimal time for picking apples of Zhigulevskoe variety is September 5th.

The apple tree is “alive”, its buds open early and quickly, it begins to bear fruit in the fourth year after its planting, the crown of the tree is not thick, therefore the trunk and branches are sufficiently illuminated by sunlight, and this contributes to high yields.

Zhigulevskoe apple variety is considered fruitful, self-pollinating

This variety is recognized as self-pollinating.therefore, it will be difficult to take a lot of harvest from an apple tree if it grows lonely and the owner of the garden does not take care of the nearby apple trees.

Besides, it is advantageous to plant such apple trees near the places where there is an apiary or beekeeping farms. The smell of apple flowers attracts bees and they can help pollinate the plant.

If pollination passes safely, then you can wait for the harvest, which is enough not only for yourself, but also some of the apples can be handed over for sale.

It cannot be said that the Zhigulevskoe apple tree is a tree that is easy to care for and has many advantages.

Probably, he is planted by those who just like the taste of apples, and this is why.

Lack of variety:

    From the parent variety, American Wagner, Zhigulevskoe grade inherited poor ability to winter, therefore, it is necessary to work hard so that the apple tree will normally survive the winter and not freeze, otherwise, next year, you will have to forget about your favorite apples.

Experienced gardeners, who possess the skills of grafting, will be able to graft this variety on winter-hardy basis. Good for this are suitable for apple cowberry varieties, varieties Striped and Anise.

  • Grade Zhigulevskoe is not resistant to scab, a disease that is caused by an abundance of moisture, so in central Russia an apple tree is unlikely to yield. This is not to say that it is also protected from other pests.
  • When a tree becomes mature, it ceases to bear fruit regularly, harvests happen every few years.
    1. The advantages of the variety include the following.:

    2. Apples are stored for a long time, whole, intact fruits can lie for about two months.
    3. High yield.

    Apples need to be stored in a specially designated roomwhose temperature is up to 0 degrees.

    After removing the apples from the tree, no need to wash or wipe themThis damages the protective wax layer.

    Apples need to be wrapped in paper and put in boxes or other clean containers, then they can be stored almost until the winter.

    After harvesting apples Zhigulevskoe varieties need to be wrapped in paper and put in boxes

    The region of natural growth is the middle strip of Russia.With proper care, it survives well and winters in other areas.

    It is widely believed that Apple trees need to be sheltered for the winter only because frost does not beat them.

    Nobody argues with this, and everything has to be done, but you also need to know that apple trees and other trees also shelter for the winter from hares and other rodentswho wander in search of food and can badly spoil the apple trees.

    Besides, the apple tree is also sheltered from the windso that it does not break from his gusts, and there are no burns on the bark.

    What you need to do that the apple tree winters:

    1. Even before the onset of frosts, but not after them, the apple tree should be properly watered and fertilized with manure.
    2. Inspect the bark for aging and damage. Remove all unnecessary and dry bark, however, it should be done very carefully so as not to damage the healthy bark.
    3. The barrel must be treated with a solution of ferrous sulfate, it protects well from parasites, including lichen.
    4. After that, warm the trunk with soil. For this fit the soil from his own garden. Pour it around the trunk and tamp, but not much.
    5. To ensure reliable preservation of the apple tree, the place near the trunk needs to be thickly grass.
    6. When the snow falls, it is advisable to collect more of it and additionally cover it with an apple tree.
    7. During the winter, it is impossible to remove such a blanket, otherwise the apple tree will die.

    Zhigulevskoe varieties of apple trees should be sheltered for the winter, as it is not winter-hardy

    To determine the condition of the tree and whether it has died, cut the twig and carefully examine it.

    If the cut is saturated whitethen the tree is all right. If he turned brown or brown, this means that the care was not carried out very well and the apple tree still froze.

    You should not make such conclusions ahead of time, only a few branches could freeze to death. You do not need to run behind the ax and get rid of the apple tree, you have to wait until spring and once again see how the tree behaves.

    It is believed that only young trees need intensive warming for the winterthe older the tree, the less it needs to be covered.

    While the apple tree is still young, it should be cut form the correct crown. If this is done competently, then the apple tree will be more and more fruitful. It is necessary to cut off an apple-tree only in the second year after it was planted.

    First of all, adjust the growth of the apple tree, this is done by pinching the crown. This helps the branches to grow widely.

    That the apples were large and tasty, need to engage in thinning the ovary. For this you need a central fruit from the beam.

    If this is not done, then the apples will be small and tasteless, they will not be sufficiently ripe.

    Apple tree varieties Zhigulevskoe needs fertilizers, they need to make the fall

    That the apple tree grows and yields, need to apply nitrogen based fertilizers. A signal to the fact that this substance is not enough, will be yellow leaves that showered off-season.

    To form a kidney, need to apply phosphate fertilizers. For young shoots to appear, grow and grow, calcium-based fertilizer is needed.

    Fertilizers need to be annually, the best time for this is autumn.


    To protect the tree from this pest, you need to take preventive measures, such as cleaning of fallen apples and leaves, digging up the soil under the apple tree, cleaning the bark.

    If such a pest has been seen, then you need to put traps on the tracksThey are placed on the trunk. When the caterpillars fall into the trap, they need only be removed from there in a timely manner and destroyed.

    To keep the parasites back, spray the wormwood solution.

    Zhigulevskoe apple variety is susceptible to moth and bark burns

    The bark of the tree is dark in color, therefore she may be sunburned. This helps whitewashing or wrapping the tree with thick paper.

    Nina, 41, Saratov: “One of my favorite apples is sour and tasty. Their only drawback is that they hibernate badly. For me, the shelf life of apples matters, Zhigulevskys do not let them down, they are stored for a long time, especially in the cellar. ” website

    Igor, 38 years old, Rostov-on-Don: “The variety ripens late, so that the taste qualities are brighter, you need to give the apples some time to lie down. I can’t say that I love them madly, but I don’t refuse them either. ”

    Larisa, 52 years old, Mozhaisk: “Apples of great taste, one of my favorites, the whole family eats with pleasure.

    I have been growing for many years and I plan to expand the area of ​​planting, I will grow it for sale, because I like apples not only me, but also friends and neighbors.

    »Answers to

    Dmitry, 42, Schelkovo: “I love apples, I have been growing them for many years, the Zhigulevskoye variety has been acquired for a long time and did not regret it.

    We have to wrap the apple tree well during the cold weather, but the whole family eats delicious and fragrant apples almost until winter.

    It is enough not only for food, but also for various home-made preparations: compotes, jam, jam, which goes well into cakes in winter. ”Website Megogorod

    In this way, Zhigulevskoe apple tree definitely deserves to decorate your summer cottage.

    Apple tree description

    A tree of medium size, height 3 m, has a wide-pyramidal or high circular crown.

    The trunk is brownish brown and thick branches of the same color, they are straight and raised. The leaves are egg-shaped, with notches on the edges, their top is twisted. White large flowers begin to bloom early, so they may fall under the return spring frosts.

    Apples ripen on trees about 5 years after planting. Young apple trees give a harvest every year. This is an autumn variety.

    1. The crown is not very thickened, so the sun's rays freely illuminate the apples.
    2. Transportability.
    3. Skoroplodnost (fruits 4-5 years after disembarkation).
    4. Beautiful presentation of the fruit.
    5. High yields (with a ten-year apple can collect up to 250 kg of apples).

    Disadvantages - poor winter hardiness.

    Fruits are large, their weight is 120-250 g. Fruits weighing 350 g can be. Fruits are round or flat-round.

    Fruit composition: pectin 13.2% (high content), ascorbic acid 10.1-15.0 mg / 100 g (average content). The main color is yellowish.

    Cover color - red stripes. The skin is sturdy and shiny. The flesh is milky, sweet and sour.

    Apples in the central regions are harvested in September, and in the south in August. Fruits retain up to 3 months, while they do not lose their taste.

    It is advised to store apples in wooden boxes in a room with a temperature of 0 - +4 ° C.

    When the fruits are placed in boxes, they are wrapped in paper or sprinkled with wooden chips from deciduous trees.

    Planting and caring for a tree, diseases and pests

    The apple tree is self-productive, therefore, the Anis Gray, Antonovka ordinary, Northern synapse, Kutuzovets varieties are planted next to it.

    Zhigulevskoe is well pollinated if there is a distance of no more than 50 m between a tree and pollinator varieties. You can also pollinate varieties: Skrychapel, Spartak.

    Apple tree loves loamy soil, well-lit places.

    1. About a month before planting, dig a hole about 0.7 m deep, 1 m in diameter. Place the top and bottom layers of soil on both sides of the pit.
    2. Take a wooden stake, you can burn it from below so that it does not rot in the ground. Stake a tree into a hole. It should be 0.5 m above the ground.
    3. Add to the top layer of soil 1 bucket of manure, 800 g of ash, 1 kg of nitroammofoski, mix. Put the knob on the bottom of the fossa.
    4. Put the seedling on the tubercle so that the peg is in the south. Cover with soil.The part of the seedling where the root system passes into the trunk is called the root neck. When landing it should be located above the ground by 5 cm.
    5. Carefully tie the stem to the peg. Pour 3-4 buckets of water.
    6. Between the apple trees, make a distance of 2.5 m.

    If during planting fertilizers were applied, they are enough for 3 years, then the apple tree needs to be fed.

    In the spring, when the first leaflets bloom, use nitrogen.

    Sprinkle around the perimeter of the crown one of the selected fertilizers:

    • 30-40 g nitroammofoski,
    • 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate,
    • 500 g of urea,
    • 4 buckets of humus.

    After that, dig the ground shallowly to put the fertilizer in the ground.

    When blooming flowers make a liquid feeding. Choose one of the following fertilizers:

    1. 60 g of potassium sulfate and 100 g of superphosphate.
    2. Half bucket of mullein
    3. 2 l of bird droppings.
    4. 300 g of urea.

    When you decide which fertilizer to use, mullein or carbamide, etc., then dilute it with a bucket of water. Then pour 1 bucket of fertilizer solution into 1 tree.

    The third time an apple tree is fed when the fruit has fastened and begins to fill. Make any of the compositions:

    1. Pour 10 buckets of water into the barrel, add 10 g of sodium humate and half a kilo of nitrophoska. Under one tree pour 2-3 buckets of liquid fertilizer.
    2. Put 1 part of the grass into the barrel and cover with 10 parts of water. Cover with a film of polyethylene in which to make holes. After 25 days, fertilizing of greens will ferment. Use it.

    In the summer, in June, make a solution of urea, pour the leaves and stems. In July, spray the leaves with phosphorus and potassium, sprinkling them into the water. In the autumn make a solution of 1 tbsp. spoons of potassium, 2 tbsp. spoons of double superphosphate on a bucket of water. For 1 m² of land, pour a solution bucket around the crown's perimeter.

    An adult tree is enough to water 3 times per season, but it is abundant, so that the earth is wet at a depth of 80 cm.

    For each watering, about 20 buckets of water are poured out for an adult apple tree (7-10 buckets of water per 1 m²).

    For watering around the tree they dig a groove 40-50 cm deep and pour water into it. Watering make:

    1. When the buds bloom.
    2. In the middle of summer, when apples are poured.
    3. In October, water recharge irrigation is carried out for the winter.

    Young apple trees are watered 4-5 times per season. For one watering 4-5 buckets of water are poured under a young apple tree. For watering young apple trees is better to dig holes around the tree.

    Be sure to pull out sprouted weeds. 2-3 days after watering, dry the soil, and then put on it a layer of mulch 5 cm of peat, humus, sand, rotted sawdust.

    In March and April, before the leaves bloom, form a crown. In the summer cut off the root growth. In the autumn, cut off the dried branches, non-fruiting shoots.

    In the northern areas form stanants. They are made low 3x3 meters. In late July, early August, shoots are taken to free space, they are evenly distributed on the ground and pinned with iron hooks.

    In spring, the hooks are removed, since the branches must be directed upwards, otherwise a lot of tops grow. And in the middle of June, in order for the tree to be compact, pinch young branches after 3-4 leaves. Then in July 2 new shoots grow from the buds.

    Currently the safest and most effective remedy for diseases of the apple tree (scab) and pests (aphids, sawflies, seed moths) is the “Healthy Garden” preparation. It is sold in bottles that contain 500-600 pellets. For spraying, dissolve 2 granules in a liter of water and pour over the solution.

    To scare away mice, at the end of September you can put a few plastic bottles under the trees, in which you can put a rag dipped in diesel fuel.

    In the autumn carefully inspect the apple trees, if you see mosses and lichens on them, be sure to scrape them off.

    Paint the trunks of young apple trees with chalk, if the apples are already adults, then use a solution with lime.

    Apple Zhigulevskoe - high-yielding and fast-growing tree among the usual varieties of apple trees.

    Description and characteristics of the variety

    In the late 30s breeders introduced a new variety of apples, which was distinguished by good yield and high taste qualities of fruits.

    Trees were intended for planting in warm regions, since the period of ripening falls on the beginning or middle of autumn, depending on climatic conditions.

    Description and photo of the apple tree "Zhigulevskoe" shows medium-grown trees with a sprawling oval crown and a small number of branches.

    After planting, fruiting begins as early as 4-5 years of life. The trunk and old branches are covered with shiny smooth bark of brown color, as well as young shoots.

    The leaves are not densely arranged on the stems. They have an oval shape with a pointed end, relief, with pronounced veins. They are painted in green tone.

    Flowers are large, petals are white and pink.

    The fruits are large, have a rounded shape. Their skin is colored in a reddish-yellow tone, nodular and shiny.

    The flesh is dense, juicy, tender, has a sour-sweet taste, cream-colored. The stem is of medium length, thick. In the center of the fruit is placed a box with brown seeds.

    The fruits are colorful and the tree takes on a decorative appearance during ripening.

    Care rules

    To bring a good harvest, the apple tree should receive a decent care. First of all, you need to choose the right place for planting and prepare the soil.

    Fruit trees mostly prefer sunny places so that heat and light evenly flow to all branches of the plant.

    Therefore, when planting an orchard, consider the crown volume of an adult plant and plant them at an appropriate distance.

    The soil should be fertile and loose.

    In the absence of such on the site, it is prepared in advance, introducing humus, mineral complex fertilizers and compost into the soil.

    Seedlings are planted on slopes or hills, so that the water calmly passes down. Trees are planted in spring or mid-autumn.

    Apple "Zhigulevskoe" in need of annual pruning. This process must begin with the year of planting the seedling. This stimulates the growth of new shoots and strengthens the root system in a young plant.

    Pruning is carried out in the spring months. Every year, dried, diseased or damaged branches are removed.

    It is recommended to carry out the procedure with a sharp instrument and remove it so that there is no hemp on the trunks.

    Every spring, to protect against pests and diseases, the crown and trunk are treated with special preparations. And the lower part is painted with lime mortar.

    Also annually nitrogen fertilizers are applied under the tree to stimulate the growth of shoots in the early spring period.

    Before flowering it is also recommended to add organic matter to the soil.

    Like any plant, an apple tree needs regular watering, especially during the dry summer season. The earth lump around the root system should not dry out much.

    In the evening on hot days, you can spray a crown with water. At the same time, waterlogging of the soil will lead to root rot and disease of the whole tree. Therefore, in the rainy season, watering is not needed.

    Also, the tree should not be planted in a place with high groundwater flow.

    All season after watering, the soil around the apple tree is loosened and weeds are removed. This allows air to pass freely to the root system, and the water is thus not stagnant.

    Preparing for the winter

    Despite all its advantages, the variety of apple tree “Zhigulevskoe” does not tolerate cold winters and poroses.

    Therefore, every year gardeners should warm the tree.

    Before the whole autumn season, it is recommended to loosen the soil around the tree so that the root system is saturated with air for the period of winter dormancy.

    The earth around the trunk is covered with peat and humus to protect against freezing. It is recommended to wrap the barrel with thick paper, mesh or special material.This will protect the bark from rodents and hares. A detailed description can be found on the Internet or on the pages of gardening magazines.

    Planting apple trees

    To grow a good fruit tree, you need to choose a quality seedling. It is not recommended to do all this on a photo on the Internet, as a result, you can receive low-quality goods by mail. Therefore, young trees are selected in proven nurseries.

    Mainly when choosing a sapling you need to pay attention to the root system. Each process must be healthy, well developed and easy to bend.

    If the roots are brittle, this indicates the unsuitability of the germ for normal development and growth.

    In case of slight damage to the bark, the moisture should appear and the lower part should be of a greenish tone.

    Planting a young tree is carried out in a prepared pit.

    To do this, dig a hole in the selected place from 80 to 100 cm in all directions, depending on the size of the root system.

    It is recommended to lay drainage on the bottom, for example broken brick. On top of a small layer of poured earth, fertilizer and rotted manure before they are mixed.

    Landing can be carried out in 15-20 days after preparation. At the bottom of the ground poured the hill and put a seedling on top of it.

    The root system must be straightened on all sides and gently holding the trunk, begin to fall asleep fertile substrate.

    The root neck of the seedling should be 4-5 cm above ground level.

    After planting, the Zhigulevskoe apple tree is tied to a support, which can also be installed during the preparatory process, and watered. It is recommended to mulch the soil around the seedling with compost or wet peat to preserve moisture.

    Collection and storage of fruits

    Zhigulevskoe variety apples ripen in early September or October, depending on the climatic region and weather conditions.

    The fruits are removed from the trees and placed in wooden boxes.

    According to reviews of gardeners, full maturity and improvement of taste are in 10-12 days of laying.

    At temperatures up to 4 degrees Celsius, fruit crates can be stored for 2–3 months after harvest. So that the apples do not rot, they are laid out in boxes, having previously covered them with paper and sprinkled with sprinkles. In the container must be openings for ventilation.

    Also, periodically, all the fruits must be inspected for the appearance of rot and stains and remove them from the boxes.

    Gardeners reviews

    The variety "Zhigulevskoe" has long been loved by gardeners to amateurs and professional farmers. Reviews about him are very good.

    A tree with a beautiful crown shape and red-yellow bulk apples can be found in many gardens.

    Many gardeners recommend planting this variety, since the Zhiguli apples have an excellent taste and aroma, and are also well kept.

    The variety "Zhigulevskoe" grows well and develops on fertile soils in warm climatic conditions. To get the fruits as in the photo, you must comply with all the points for planting and caring for a tree. Launched gardens bring mostly small and poor harvest.

    Variety of apple trees "Zhigulevskoe"

    The variety of apple trees "Zhigulevskoe" was created in 1936 and since then has not lost relevance - mainly due to the taste of apples and a relatively high yield. He also has disadvantages - however, in order.

    The variety "Zhigulevskoe" was obtained at the Kuibyshev zonal experimental station as a result of crossing the apple trees "Wagner" and "Borovinka". The author of the variety is Sergey Pavlovich Kedrin. The variety was on state variety testing for a very long time and was registered in the State Register only in 1965.

    Apple "Zhigulevskoe" - growing and care

    The variety "Zhigulevskoe" was zoned in the following regions and regions:

    • Central (Bryansk and Tula regions),
    • Central Black Earth (Belgorod region, Voronezh region, Kursk region, Lipetsk region, Oryol region, Tambov region),
    • North Caucasus (all)
    • Middle Volga (Republic of Mordovia, Samara region, Penza region, Ulyanovsk region),
    • Nizhnevolzhsky (Astrakhan region, Volgograd region, Saratov region),
    • East Siberian (Republic of Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Territory).

    Late-autumn variety: removable ripeness usually begins in early September, but the fruits become suitable for use in late September. Storage period is 70 ... 90 days.

    Fruiting comes on 5 ... 6 year. According to the State Register and VNIISPK, the variety is high-yielding, but there are no specific data on yield either in the Register or in the catalog of the scientific research institute. I also did not see any data in scientific journals - this variety has not been used for a long time in industrial gardening.

    Fruiting young trees annually, with age appears periodicity, but not very pronounced.

    Winter hardiness in the conditions of the Samara region is average. The scab is low. It is noted that the fruits are strongly affected by the second generation of the codling moth.


    • relatively low winter hardiness.

    I would say that today there are a lot of more interesting late autumn apple varieties. However, if “Zhigulevskoe” still remains popular, it means that gardeners see something of value in it.

    Reviews about apple Zhigulevskoe a bit. Below is a brief summary:

    • Moscow region, Istra district: a young tree froze in the winter of 2017,
    • Moscow region: fruits become tasty by November,
    • Moscow region: great taste, but the branches depart at a sharp angle, it is difficult to form,
    • Southern Urals: Trees froze out in winter 2010, when the temperature dropped to -43 degrees,
    • In Western Siberia, freezes,
    • Arkhangelsk region: frozen out.

    Apple Zhigulevskoe - autumn variety

    An excellent variety to his taste, was obtained by crossing the variety Wagner Prize and Borovinka.

    Thanks to its excellent frost resistance, the Zhigulevskoe apple tree can be successfully grown in the southern and northern regions.

    When choosing this variety of apple trees, it should be remembered that for maximum yield additional pollinators are needed, from which Antonovka, Borovinka and Minsky can be distinguished.

    Of the characteristics of this variety, we can single out a large size of fruits, the mass of which can be 350 grams.

    The shape of the fetus is predominantly round, in rare cases ribbing is noted. The skin of apples Zhigulevskoe dense and shiny.

    A small number of hillocks and light roughness can be observed on the surface. The main color of the fruit is yellow with a pronounced blush.

    The pulp of ripe fruit has a characteristic cream color and coarse-grained structure. We also note the gentle sweet-sour taste. Crop ripening occurs in September.

    Only in hot and dry years can early harvest ripen, when apples are harvested in August.

    With the provision of appropriate conditions you will be able to maintain the crop grown by you for three months.

    Distinctive features of Zhigulevskiy variety

    It is a fast-growing variety that begins fruiting in the fourth year. The crown of fruit bearing trees has a wide pyramidal shape, with an average thickness.

    Fruit formation is noted on rods and in the coils.

    The flowering apple variety Zhigulevskoe begins as early as possible, so there is a danger of frost damage the first flowers.

    Another undoubted advantage of the apple trees of this variety is their excellent yield. Gardeners will be able to remove about 200 kilograms of apples from an adult tree.

    Note that the fruiting of this species is annual.

    Only in old trees can there be breaks in fruiting, which can be solved by carrying out anti-aging pruning.

    Among the advantages of the Zhigulevskiy variety it is possible to note its excellent precocity and high yield. The trees themselves are resistant to scab and other diseases.

    Ripe fruits have a marketable appearance, they tolerate transportation excellently and are capable of being stored in a refrigerator or cellar for a long time, until about the end of December.

    Apple trees of this variety are recommended for planting in intensive gardens, where the gardener provides plantings with quality care, which pays off with excellent fruiting garden crops.

    Among the shortcomings can be identified mediocre resistance to low temperatures, which is reflected in the destruction of early flowering frosts.

    Also, gardeners should carefully inspect the trees for their destruction by various insect pests.

    It is recommended to carry out appropriate preventive spraying, which will help to avoid damage to the trees by the moth and other pests.

    Planting seedlings

    The future growth and yield indicators of the grown apple trees largely depend on how correctly the seedling is selected and correctly planted. Planting can be carried out in spring and autumn.

    Experienced gardeners recommend carrying out this procedure in the autumn, which will ensure rapid growth of the tree next summer.

    Whereas, having planted a sapling in spring, the vegetable grower actually loses one year, postponing the time of appearance of the first crop.

    Apple Zhigulevskaya prefers rich in organic matter and trace elements soil. Care must be taken to ensure quality drainage, since the root system does not tolerate increased moisture. Planting fruit trees in lowlands and in areas with high water levels is not recommended.

    Preparing for landing

    It is recommended to prepare the pit and the ground several months before planting. It is necessary to dig a hole with a depth and width of at least 60 centimeters.

    Fertile soil should not be fertilized, but if there is a shortage of useful trace elements, it is recommended to additionally add rotted manure or peat to the ground.

    At the bottom of the pit, the earth is loosened to a depth of at least 15 centimeters. This will saturate the soil with the necessary oxygen.

    It is best to use one - two summer seedlings, which are surely grafted. The root system must have at least two skeletal roots, at least 30 centimeters long. Also pay attention to the presence of mocha roots, which are necessary for the nutrition of the tree immediately after it is planted.

    Planting the plant

    When planting should carefully straighten the roots and sprinkle them with fertile soil. It is recommended to add 60 grams of potash fertilizer and 150 grams of superphosphate to the top layer of soil.

    Immediately after planting, the seedling must be watered abundantly.

    If you carry out this work in the fall, do not forget to grind the tree trunk and cover the tree with insulating material.

    Planting care

    The key to obtaining a good apple harvest will be appropriate tree care.

    Such care involves pruning trees, spraying with special protective agrochemicals, watering, fertilizing and warming plantings for the winter.

    It should be said that this variety belongs to the fruit crops of the intensive type, and only with appropriate care it will please the gardener with an excellent harvest.

    Care of seedlings

    Pruning crown can begin with the second - third year after planting seedlings.

    You need not only to form the correct tree crown, but also to prevent excessive thickening of the plantings, which leads to problems with tree growth, various kinds of diseases and the appearance of insect pests. Special anti-aging pruning will allow you to extend the fruiting period for several years.

    Many gardeners do not pay enough attention to watering the apple trees, believing that moisture from planting will be sufficient even from short-term summer rains. In fact, it is recommended to water the trees twice a month, which has a positive effect on the taste of the grown crop.

    On one adult tree 5-8 buckets of water should go.Watering should be carried out both at the root and the moistening of the trunk circle. During prolonged rains watering can stop altogether. Remember also that it is necessary to water the apple trees with separated warm water.

    Fertilizing apple varieties Zhiguli best mineral complexes containing nitrogen. This allows you to activate the vegetative processes and accelerates the growth of the tree.

    Fertilizer should be applied in a previously dug ditch near the tree trunk.

    For the season, it is recommended to feed the apple twice with nitrogen-containing fertilizers and, in the fall after harvest, to add humus and rotted manure.


    Harvesting is recommended in the first half of September. To delay with this work should not be, as a ripe crop can fall to the ground, which leads to the rapid decay of apples.

    A few weeks after the harvest, the apples gain juiciness and acquire a characteristic sweet taste. Store the harvest is recommended in a dark, cold place.

    In the refrigerator in a plastic bag, the collected fruits can lie until the middle of winter, retaining all of their excellent taste.

    Detailed description of the apple variety Zhigulevskoe

    Apple-tree Zhigulevskoe is a high-yielding variety that grows well in the central regions of Russia.

    It was obtained by crossing an old Russian variety Borovinka ordinary and an American variety Renet Wagner in the 1930s.

    This variety is suitable for cultivation in both amateur and industrial gardens.

    Variety description

    Apple Zhigulevskoe - a variety of late ripening. It grows rapidly, begins to be massively fruiting for 5-6 years.

    The first fruits appear already in the second year after disembarkation. At maturity, the apple tree regularly bears fruit every year, the yield is high - up to 35kg from one tree.

    The winter hardiness of the variety is average, often frozen frostbite.

    Medium resistant to scab and other fungal diseases.

    The apple-tree variety Zhigulevskoe grows high up to 8 meters, so for private gardens it is advisable to choose seedlings on a medium-sized rootstock.

    Due to this, the tree will grow in height not more than 2.5–3 meters. This will facilitate the process of harvesting and tree care.

    Buds bloom in early spring, so they may be damaged by spring frosts. The color of the leaves is bright green. The branches grow raised and straight. The apple tree Zhigulevskoe early flowering.

    The variety is self-productive, that is, it needs bees and pollination of other trees for fruiting.

    For cross-pollination, it is necessary to have a neighborhood with apple trees that bloom simultaneously with the Zhigulevskoe apple tree.

    The best pollinators are varieties Antonovka, Borovinka, Minsk, Kutuzovets. Almost all of the above are self-fruitless apple trees.

    The fruits of the apple Zhigulevskoe are large, the average weight of 150-200 g. The shape of the apples is round. It tastes sweet and sour. The skin is very durable, has a glossy coating.

    Apple is a yellowish shade, covered with a red, rich blush. The flesh is very delicate, beige shade, dense in texture.

    The stem is elongated, powerful.

    Choosing a landing site

    You should choose a sunny plot, protected from the northern winds by buildings or neighboring trees.

    The apple-tree variety Zhigulevskoe is a rather light-loving plant. The perfect place without shading in the garden. If there are buildings on the site, then you should choose a place on the south side of the building.

    With this arrangement, all four types of lighting will act on the apple tree: lower, upper, back and front.

    This will have a favorable effect on growth, and fruiting will be uniform throughout the entire crown.

    The soil must meet the following requirements:

    • the groundwater level is 2–2.5 m from the level of the soil surface, that is, high groundwater levels are not allowed,
    • dangerous for the seedling "topline" when water accumulates on the upper levels of the earth,
    • do not use wet, dry and sandy soils,
    • The soil for planting is loamy or sandy with a pH of 5–6.5.

    When choosing a seedling Zhigulevskoe need to consider the following:

    • to get a seedling on a middle rootstock at the age of two years
    • on the root neck there should be a bend with a “penile”,
    • seedling should not be large, the maximum length of the ground part is 1.5 m, the volume of the trunk is up to 1.5 cm,
    • the root system must have at least three skeletal roots and many small roots.

    Properly planted apple seedling Zhigulevskoe

    The optimum time for planting a seedling is in early spring before the buds wake up or fall until the end of October.

    Two weeks before buying an apple you need to prepare a planting hole and a fertile mix.
    For two - three buckets of garden soil add 0.5 kg of humus, peat, compost, wood ash, sand and 100-150 g of potash-phosphorus fertilizer.

    The scheme of planting apple Zhigulevskoe:

    • map out the landing site with a peg and dig a round hole with a diameter of at least 1 m and a depth of at least 60 cm,
    • to install a peg that will support the young sapling and save it from swinging and breaking loose roots in windy weather,
    • to pour part of the prepared mixture to the bottom, to set a sapling on it, so that the place of the stock is directed to the south, the root neck of the tree should be at the level of the soil,
    • fill the sapling with the remaining mixture and pour it abundantly with water with the addition of “Kornevina” or “Heteroauxin”, the volume of water for one seedling at planting is up to 30 liters,
    • when the earth comes down, grind it with peat or birch bark.

    Features of planting and care

    1. Crop. The crown of the Zhigulevskoe apple tree is independently formed in the first year; it does not need thinning. Pruning is recommended for growth control only. To conduct it in the spring before the start or in the autumn after the end of the sap flow.

    Pruning apple trees in the summer is not recommended. Watering. Start abundant watering after half a month after flowering. Water once every two to three weeks. The rate of watering apple trees Zhigulevskoe up to 8–9 buckets per sapling in the early years.

    The older the apple tree, the less water it needs. After watering, you can mulch the soil with bark or sawdust so that the moisture does not evaporate so quickly from the surface of the earth. Disinfection of soil in the fall Bordeaux mixture for the destruction of hibernating insects and fungal spores.

    Consumption rate of 450 g of lime and 300 g of copper sulphate per 10 liters of water. Spill the soil around the trunk to a depth of at least 10 cm. Protection against rodents. Before winter, the trunk of a young apple tree Zhigulevskoe must be wrapped with agrofibre, fiberglass or fir fir branches.

  • Treatment of wounds and trunk is necessary after damage by rodents or after the breakage of large branches. Fresh wound should be cleaned and treated with 1% solution of copper sulphate. Then cover the damaged area with a mixture of clay and mullein in a ratio of 1: 1.
  • Whitewash.

    The processing of the trunk is carried out in the autumn three weeks before the onset of sub-zero temperatures. It protects the lower part of the trunk and the beginning of the skeletal branches from sunburn, frost, as well as from insects and rodents.

    Use 3 kg of hydrated lime and 300g of copper sulfate per 10 liters of water for whitewashing. You can also buy ready-made paint for trees in specialized stores. Prevention of thermal damage.

    During sudden changes in temperature in early spring, flower buds are affected. At a temperature of -2 C, open buds crumble, at -1 C the ovary crumbles. With the predicted cooling in spring, smoke is used, that is, organic trash is burned between the trees.

    The method of sprinkling from a sprayer with the addition of “Epin” is also effective. Fertilization. In the spring and early summer, make complex preparations with a nitrogen content, at the beginning of fruiting use potash-phosphate fertilizers.

    The rate of application of 20g per 10 liters of water. In the autumn, under the digging of trunk circles, add superphosphate 20g per square meter of land.It is also useful to spray on the sheet with such trace elements as boron, zinc, magnesium, and iron.

    Prevention and protection against pests and diseases

    Apple tree Zhigulevskoe most susceptible to powdery mildew, scab, moniliosis, bacteriosis, fruit rot, cytosporosis.

    Apple pests - shaggy deer, aphid, moth, apple leaflet, brown fruit mite, fruit sawfly, beech. They can harm the health of the tree, and completely destroy the crop. The caterpillars of these insects winter in cracks of the bark and in the upper soil layer.

    How to protect apple seedlings Zhigulevskoe from diseases and pests:

    • buy healthy seedlings only at specialized points of sale,
    • destroy weeds and shoots near the trees,
    • disinfect garden tools and soil,
    • take the whole harvest in the fall from a tree,
    • cut dry and broken branches,
    • collect fallen leaves in the garden,
    • carry out spring and autumn treatment with fungicides and insecticides on bare branches,
    • to carry out summer treatment with Aktara, Decis, Konfidor, Fastak, Calypso, Angio, and Actor from pests before and after flowering, twenty days before picking apples,
    • treat whitewash shtamb and skeletal branches in the fall.

    Harvest time and storage

    The period of fruit ripening on the apple variety of Zhigulevskoe is extended, it starts from the beginning of September and lasts until mid-October. Crop stored up to three months.

    Crop harvested on a warm, sunny day. The optimal collection time is after lunch, by this time the dew will have time to evaporate, and the fruits will be dry.

    You need to start collecting from the south side of the trees, where the fruits ripen faster. If you plan to lay apples Zhigulevskoe storage, you do not need to tear off the stem.

    Fruits should be picked carefully, as fallen apples that have fallen from the tree do not lie for a long time.

    How to store fruit:

    • use wooden crates or wicker baskets,
    • pre-process the boxes with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and dry,
    • lay out a newspaper or thick paper at the bottom,
    • store indoors at a temperature of not more than +2 + 5 С,
    • do not condense the fruit in the box,
    • regularly inspect the apples and clean the damaged specimens.

    The main advantages of the variety of apple Zhigulevskoe - regular, abundant fruiting and high taste. These characteristics may be of interest to both amateur gardener and professional.

    Vladislav, Saratov.
    “In the garden center of my city I chose Zhigulevskoe sapling for my garden. From the words of the seller bought a two-year tree. The next summer, the first fruits appeared.

    I deleted them, let the apple tree grow for another couple of years and do not spend power on the fruit. And so pleased with the sapling, well-rooted for the autumn, in the spring buds appeared early. Frosting stump did not observe.

    I will continue to care for and wait for the harvest. ”

    Oksana, Kursk.
    “My Zhigulevskoye apple variety has been around for many years. I got it on the advice of a neighbor and never regretted it. Apples are very meaty, juicy and colorful.

    Harvesting apples Zhigulevskoe - a pleasure, even the mood improves. There are enough apples for fresh consumption, for jam, and for juices.

    Earlier, apple fruit abundantly every year, now began to notice that the tree gives a bountiful harvest in a year. ”

    Detailed description of the apple varieties Zhigulevskoe Link to main publication

    Varietal features

    The apple tree variety Zhigulevskoe belongs to the late autumn season, and its “parent” is Sergey Kedrin, who was able to obtain a new unique variety by crossing Wagner and Borovinka, carried out at the Kuibyshev experimental station in 1936. After that, this species was widely distributed throughout Russia and many regions of other countries.

    The description of "Zhiguli" apples can be given as follows:

    1. Trees are characterized by the fact that they are fast-growing. This is undoubtedly one of the main advantages of the Zhiguli apple tree.Fruiting trees begin 5-6 years after planting in open ground.
    2. The crown is uncharted, it is translucent to the center, and during fruiting it exhibits high-circular or broad-pyramidal characteristics.
    3. Perennial branches are brown.
    4. Shoots - thick, slightly raised, straight, dark brown.
    5. The leaves are characterized by large size and oblong-ovate form, moreover, they are quite intensely green.
    6. Flowers are also very large.
    7. The stem of a variety has medium and sometimes even large sizes, it is also quite thick. The funnel is wide and deep, sometimes there can be a weak shattering of the skin that does not go beyond. The cup can be medium or large, open or half-open. The saucer is necessarily deep, which can have steep and sometimes ribbed walls. Voronkovidnoy is podkachechnaya tube. The seed nest is located in the center of the fruit, has a bulbous shape. Speaking of seed cells, it should be noted that they are closed.
    8. Fruits - the main attractive feature of the Zhiguli variety. They are all rather one-dimensional and large. So, the average weight of an apple can vary between 120-200 g (the limit is 350 g). Their shape is round, sometimes it can be flat-round, having wide ribs. The surface of the fruit, as a rule, is slightly carbonaceous, but the skin is always strong, shiny, oily. As for the color, it is yellowish as the main one, and intensive red, and striped, is the cover coat. For coloring the fruit is also characterized by an appetizing blush, which often takes up almost all the apple. The flesh of the Zhiguli apple tree is tender, cream-colored, with a pleasant sweet-sour taste.

    Among other features should also be noted cultivation and care. In order to produce high-quality planting of this apple, you need to find a place where the groundwater level would be low. As for the soil, it should be characterized by a high level of fruitfulness and permeability to water and air. Also this place should be well lit.

    Disease resistance in this class is on average. In winter, it is recommended to protect the trunks of trees, as well as the lowest branches, from the “raids” of hares and mice.

    Young trees are capable of annual fruiting, and already older trees can produce not with 100% periodicity.

    Advantages and disadvantages

    It is possible to praise this variety of apple for a very long time, about which many reviews left by experienced gardeners will not lie. But, as always, there are two categories of features: advantages and disadvantages. As for the first, these are the points:

    • scab resistance
    • fast growing tree
    • precociousness
    • high yield,
    • high level of marketability of apples,
    • the variety is suitable for growing in intensive-type gardens,
    • trees tolerate pruning well, both rejuvenating and shaping.

    As for the shortcomings of the Zhigulevskoe variety, they look like this:

    1. Possible damage by sunburn.
    2. Winter hardiness in this apple is on average. Therefore, you need to be prepared for the fact that during a harsh winter, flower buds can freeze.
    3. The variety can be attacked by pests, especially the moth.
    4. Short term storage of fruits.

    During its existence, the apple trees Zhigulevskoe have managed to establish themselves as a very high-quality and tasty variety. Not for nothing that it has spread throughout many countries and their regions. Gardeners, and especially beginners, must understand the uniqueness of this variety and the importance of care, which is complex, conscientious and following all necessary rules. And then ruddy apples will always flaunt on the table, and in the fridge they will expect delicious apple jam.

    Signs of variety

    Looking at the tree, it should be noted durable skeleton - it is well formed Apple tree with large flowers, leaves and fruits. Describing the latter, we can distinguish a number of signs:

    • Fruits are round,
    • Saucer - wide, deep,
    • The stem is thick, of medium length.

    Fruit can weigh up to 200 grams and have a greenish-yellow color. Intense red blush and
    oily deposits are also characteristic of these apples.

    This variety has long established itself and is a priority for many gardeners. Due to high yield and rapidity, “Zhigulevskoe” has been the favorite among apple trees for several years already. But his card is, of course, fruit.

    The combination of their commodity and consumer qualities, is one of the main advantages of the variety.


    The variety of apple trees Zhigulevskoye is not self-fertile, it means that apple needs cross-pollination. In addition to it, there should be other apple trees in the garden.
    Early autumn and late autumn apple trees will be ideal neighbors for this species.

    For achieve maximum yield There are several varieties suitable for pollination:

    • Kuybyshevskoe
    • "Anis gray",
    • "Antonovka ordinary",
    • "Spartacus",
    • "Kutuzovets" and others.

    Pollination is possible only if the distance between pollinating varieties and an apple tree does not exceed 50 m.

    Tree height

    For optimal placement of the tree on the site, It is important to take into account the dimensions of the tree.

    Variety "Zhigulevskogo" refers to sredneroslymi. Its height reaches three meters.

    This kind of trees recommended for planting in soilwhere groundwater reaches 2 m to the surface of the earth.

    Half-dwarf trees live up to forty years.

    Productivity at srednerosly trees somewhat lower than that of tall ones, but a thick landing almost makes up for this difference.

    Crown width

    As for the crown of the tree, depending on the shape, there are two options:

    1. Shirokopyramidalnaya - looks quite massive and stable
    2. High round - looks harmonious in small areas.

    The crown of the tree is uncut, with rare branches aspiring, it appears through to the center. This allows the sun to penetrate to the ripening and emerging fruits.

    Trees with a similar crown require much less effort in the process of care and pruning.

    Start of fruiting

    The onset of fruiting in this variety after 4-5 years, however, theseRocks depend on a number of factors.:

    • Type of stock,
    • Climate,
    • Agrotechnics (pruning, spraying, slopes of skeletal branches, etc.)

    It is worth considering, the earlier the tree begins to bear fruit, the shorter the entire period of fruiting.

    In the second - third decade of May large white flowers appear on the apple tree. It is quite early, so freezing at the beginning of flowering is possible.

    Moreover, in May, fruit trees are the most difficult to resist frosts.


    One of the main advantages is high yield.

    A tree can produce up to 250kg of fruit.

    Considering that the fruiting "Zhiguli" annual - these are rather high indicators.

    Only old apple trees sometimes have breaks, but not more than one year.


    For planting seedlings, it is recommended to go deeper into the ground by 80 cm. In this case, the diameter of the pit reach the meter.

    Further training consists of several stages:

    • Loosening the bottom of the excavated pit
    • Laying drainage
    • Filling on 1/3 top layer of soil,
    • Filling with organic and mineral fertilizers.

    A hill 20 cm high should be formed above the filled and tamped pit.

    Planting seedling You can start only after shrinkage of the soil, in 2-4 weeks.

    Accommodation on the site

    An apple tree sits for a long time, so you need to carefully plan your future garden.

    The ideal place for a garden is considered to be the southern slopes.

    The lack of such is certainly not a problem. The main thing to avoid places not recommended for landing:

    • Lowlands
    • Marshlands
    • Areas with high groundwater storage.

    Sow young apple trees at a distance of 3.5-4 m from each otherremembering the above about cross pollination.

    One of the main factors affecting the yield is pruning.

    When planting a seedling, its twigs are cut to a third.

    In the process of forming the crown of an adult tree extra branches are deleted:

    • Sick and weak
    • Growing below the main branch,
    • Growing inward crowns.


    The presentation and tasting quality of the fruit does not differ from the classic variety variety. But an adult tree reaches only 2m in height and begins to bear fruit much earlier.

    Already for 3-4 years after planting, gardeners take off the first harvest. Annual yield up to 40kg from one tree.


    The seedling is in many ways similar to the dwarf. When buying, pay attention to branching. - in columnar apple trees, it is practically absent.

    Within 2-3 years after planting, the tree will delight the harvest. but the fruiting period is much shorter than that of the classical varieties and is only 10 years old.

    All about apple "Zhigulevskoe"

    This rather tasty grade of apples gives the crop in the fall, by the end of September. Him fruits are subject to long storageFor which they are very much appreciated by gardeners. It can grow on nonchernozem soil, it is distributed in areas close to the north (the middle climatic zone and above are the central and northern parts of Ukraine, Belarus and the central regions of Russia).

    The variety was obtained as a result of the crossing of such apples as Borovinka Ordinary (which is equal in winter hardiness) and Wagner Prize. It can be pollinated by Antonovka, a variety of “Minsk” and naturally the same “Borovinka”.

    Description of the fruit variety "Zhigulevskoe"

    The biggest treasure of this variety is its large fruitswhich in mass can reach from 200 to 350 grams. On average, these are one-dimensional apples weighing 160 grams. In shape, they are flat-rounded or round. Sometimes the fruits are characterized by ribbing. The skin of this fruit is very dense and shiny, slightly oily. But on the surface of the apple, a little rough and corrosive small bumps can appear that look like small warts.

    Fruit color basically has a yellowish tintcovered with a diffuse blush on the top in the form of reddish intense bands. This blush can occupy almost the entire surface of the fruit, which makes it particularly attractive and gives it a high presentation. Although the fruit also has a large number of subcutaneous points, they are faint for the human eye.

    The stem of a mature fruit can be long or medium, but rather thick. Fruits are also characterized by a deep and wide funnel, the skin in which can become corky. A cup of apple can be different, but mostly has an average size.

    The saucer is also deep, which makes its walls cool (sometimes they can be ribbed). Podchashechnaya tube in the form of a funnel. A seed nest with closed seed chambers is placed in the center of the fruit, resembling an onion in shape. Small seedsThe color is dark brown.

    The pulp of a ripe fruit has a cream color. By structure, it is coarse-grained. For taste the flesh is very tender, sweet and sour.

    Fruits ripen simultaneously in September. However, in dry hot years, maturity may occur in late August. Stored apples can regarding long time - up to three months.

    Fruits are used for various household purposes, but mostly directly for food and for canning. In industry, they are not actually used.

    Distinctive features of the tree

    The tree in this variety is considered fast-growing and bear fruit already in the 4th year after planting. The crown started to bear fruit has a wide pyramidal shape with branches extending from the trunk at a right angle.

    The advantage of the crown is that it is not thickened, so that the sun's rays can fall in its middle. The color of the branches is mostly brown. Shoots are not formed very quickly, buds awaken very quickly.

    The formation of the fruit on the young tree occurs on kolchatka and spears (twigs).

    The variety of apples "Zhigulevskoe": description of shoots and leaves

    On the young tree formed thick and straight shoots, raised to the top. By color shoots dark brown.

    The leaves are formed on the shoots, rather large. In color - intensely green. Leaf shape is oblong-ovate. Sheet plate has serrated, folded in the shape of a boat with a tip twisted to the top. The scape of a leaf of the average sizes, lowered

    Inflorescences consist of large flowers. Since the tree blooms very early, the very first flowering can be damaged by frost. The vegetation period of the tree is about 175 days.

    The virtues of apple and fruit

    Variety by right considered to be high-yielding and fast-growing, because already at the age of 5-6 years the number of fruits collected is up to 240 kilograms per tree.

    Fruiting regular at a young age, mature trees can bear fruit periodically but still not yield to the amount of the crop.

    Trees and fruits of this variety resistant to scab.

    Ripe fruits have a high presentation. Fruit stored for about three months.

    Trees varieties "Zhigulevskoe" suitable for planting and cultivation in intensive type gardens.

    But there are also disadvantages to the variety

    Unfortunately, "Zhigulevskoe" has several drawbacks.

    In particular, it is the average resistance of trees to low temperatures. Although the tree and its fruits resistant to the main disease of apple scab, it is very often affected by the second generation of moth. Therefore, gardeners will have to spend a lot of effort in order to save their crops.

    The disadvantage is the frequency of fruiting trees, which occurs in adulthood.

    Properly planted apple seedlings "Zhigulevskoe"

    On how correctly you plant your seedling will depend not only on whether or not it will be taken, but also what kind of harvest can be obtained from the tree.

    It is also important to take into account the planting time, since for the Zhigulevskoye apple is suitable both for autumn and spring. There are a lot of nuances of landing. Therefore, about each of them in order.

    We select and prepare the soil for planting

    Tree loves highly fertile soil with good drainage and low groundwater levels. Therefore, if there is no such soil in your garden, you will have to prepare it very carefully.

    The most suitable soils for apple are medium loamy. Do not plant such a tree in saline or marshy soils.

    First of all it is important to know that the pit for planting an apple should be prepared six months or a year before planting the seedling.

    We ate the soil fertile, in addition fertilize it is not necessary, just leave a hole so that it will erode. On such soils for the tree will be enough pit depth and width of 60 centimeters.

    Nursery soil is not very good, the depth of the pit should be increased to 1 meter. When digging a hole, throw away the top fertile soil layer in one direction and the bottom one in the other. The top layer is later used for blending with fertilizers.

    The ground at the bottom of the pit should be well burst to about a depth of 15 centimeters. This is done in order to saturate the soil with plenty of oxygen.

    Choosing a sapling

    Seedling for planting should be 1-2 years old. He is sure must be vaccinated. Choosing a young tree, pay attention to its root system: it must necessarily have at least two skeletal roots, about 30 centimeters long, and lobe roots.Well see if the roots have dried up, otherwise your tree will not be able to start.

    If you bought a sapling in the fall, and you want to plant it only in the spring, then you can save the tree very simply in the garden. To do this, just prikopayte it in a shallow groove, with a depth of 30 centimeters. It should put the roots and water them well.

    Direct planting sapling

    Inspect carefully before landing. seedling roots. If available damaged - their worth cutting and dip into the clay mortar.

    Next, mix the top layer of soil that you removed when digging a hole with 2-3 buckets of humus. It is also worth adding about 150 grams of superphosphate and 65 grams of potash fertilizer to this mixture.

    Now put in the pit sapling.

    It is important to ensure that its root neck is centimeters at 3 above the ground level. Because after the subsidence of the soil it will fall and should be exactly at the level of the soil or 1-2 centimeters below. It is important not to allow it to be planted too deep, or that the roots stick out.

    The roots of the seedling are spread out on the surface of the compacted mound, which we poured into the pit. Next, the rest of the mixture of soil and fertilizer is poured onto the roots. The ground should be well sealed with feet.

    The bottom layer of soil, which we dug out when we made a hole, falls asleep to the very top and something should be done to resemble a small shaft in order to retain water during irrigation.

    Watering seedlings after planting

    Immediately after planting the tree should pour 2-3 buckets of water. In dry weather, watering should be repeated regularly. Also, the soil around the seedling should be mulched with peat or humus (the layer should be about 7 centimeters).

    It is also important to constantly loosen the earth. That will accelerate the income to the roots of not only water but also air.

    How apples are stored

    Apples need to be stored in a specially designated roomwhose temperature is up to 0 degrees.

    After removing the apples from the tree, no need to wash or wipe themThis damages the protective wax layer.

    Apples need to be wrapped in paper and put in boxes or other clean containers, then they can be stored almost until the winter.

    After harvesting apples Zhigulevskoe varieties need to be wrapped in paper and put in boxes

    How to cover an apple tree for the winter

    The region of natural growth is the middle strip of Russia. With proper care, it survives well and winters in other areas.

    It is widely believed that Apple trees need to be sheltered for the winter only because frost does not beat them.

    Nobody argues with this, and everything has to be done, but you also need to know that apple trees and other trees also shelter for the winter from hares and other rodentswho wander in search of food and can badly spoil the apple trees.

    Besides, the apple tree is also sheltered from the windso that it does not break from his gusts, and there are no burns on the bark.

    Thus, sheltering apple trees for the winter is an important procedure that will help keep the trees in order. It is only important not to miss the right time.

    You may be interested in these publications:

    What you need to do that the apple tree winters:

    1. Even before the onset of frosts, but not after them, the apple tree should be properly watered and fertilized with manure.
    2. Inspect the bark for aging and damage. Remove all unnecessary and dry bark, however, it should be done very carefully so as not to damage the healthy bark.
    3. The barrel must be treated with a solution of ferrous sulfate, it protects well from parasites, including lichen.
    4. After that, warm the trunk with soil. For this fit the soil from his own garden. Pour it around the trunk and tamp, but not much.
    5. To ensure reliable preservation of the apple tree, the place near the trunk needs to be thickly grass.
    6. When the snow falls, it is advisable to collect more of it and additionally cover it with an apple tree.
    7. During the winter, it is impossible to remove such a blanket, otherwise the apple tree will die.
    Zhigulevskoe varieties of apple trees should be sheltered for the winter, as it is not winter-hardy

    To determine the condition of the tree and whether it has died, cut the twig and carefully examine it.

    If the cut is saturated whitethen the tree is all right. If he turned brown or brown, this means that the care was not carried out very well and the apple tree still froze.

    You should not make such conclusions ahead of time, only a few branches could freeze to death. You do not need to run behind the ax and get rid of the apple tree, you have to wait until spring and once again see how the tree behaves.

    It is believed that only young trees need intensive warming for the winterthe older the tree, the less it needs to be covered.

    How to trim

    While the apple tree is still young, it should be cut form the correct crown. If this is done competently, then the apple tree will be more and more fruitful. It is necessary to cut off an apple-tree only in the second year after it was planted.

    That the apples were large and tasty, need to engage in thinning the ovary. For this you need a central fruit from the beam.

    If this is not done, then the apples will be small and tasteless, they will not be sufficiently ripe.

    Apple tree varieties Zhigulevskoe needs fertilizers, they need to make the fall

    How to care

    That the apple tree grows and yields, need to apply nitrogen based fertilizers. A signal to the fact that this substance is not enough, will be yellow leaves that showered off-season.

    To form a kidney, need to apply phosphate fertilizers. For young shoots to appear, grow and grow, calcium-based fertilizer is needed.

    Fertilizers need to be annually, the best time for this is autumn.

    Description, characteristic of the variety

    Late autumn variety is distinguished by high yielding. About 200-250 kilograms of high-quality apples can be removed from an adult tree.

    To increase the fruiting and the formation of developed, full-fledged apples, the ovaries must be thinned. When thinning from the bundle of ovaries, you need to remove the fruit growing in the center, as well as fruits with any flaws. With a large number of ovaries, no more than 3 fruits should remain in each bundle. If you leave the fruit on the tree, the next year the tree may not bear fruit at all.
    At a young age, apple fruit is annual, at old age it becomes periodic.

    Winter hardiness of the tree is average. When growing apple trees in the southern regions, additional shelter for the winter is not required. If the tree grows in a region with a temperate or cold climate, it is necessary to take protective measures before wintering. To increase the winter hardiness, it is recommended to plant an apple tree on a more frost-resistant tree. As a stock, you can take one of the apple trees: Anise, Striped, Lingonberry.

    The variety Zhigulevskoe is a popular autumn variety of fast-growing apple trees.

    The tree in adulthood reaches 3 meters. When grafting on a dwarf variety, the tree grows to 2 meters. The crown is high-oval or wide-pyramidal, not dense, easily passes sunlight inside the crown.

    The ability to spawn is rather low. Awakenability of the kidneys is good. Shoots are dark brown, slightly pubescent, straight, thick, slightly raised up.

    The leaves are bright green, large, have an oblong-ovoid shape and a twisted tip.
    The plate of the sheet is folded in a boat, the edges have serrated nicks.

    The flowers are large, saucer-shaped. Flowering occurs early. Flowers in spring frosts can freeze slightly. The first fruiting apple comes in 4 or 5 year. With a dwarf stock, the first crop is removed in 2-3 years. On a young tree, fruits are formed on young rods and rings. Apples ripen simultaneously, in late August - early September. Apples are stored for 2.5-3.5 months.

    The apples are one-dimensional and large, the average weight reaches 220 grams, the maximum - 350 grams. The shape is rounded or flat-rounded, sometimes has wide edges. The surface of apples has a weak roughness, sometimes warty.

    The funnel is wide and deep.Calyx: medium or large, half open or open. The saucer is deep, has steep, rarely ribbed walls. Podchashechnaya funnel tube. The seed nest has the form of a bulb, located in the center of the apple. Seed chambers fully enclosed.

    The skin is glossy, dense, elastic, oily. The main color is yellowish, the coverslip is red, forms blurred stripes, sometimes covering the whole apple.
    Subcutaneous points are small, unexpressed, numerous, whitish.
    The stem is medium or long, thick. The flesh is creamy, sweet-sour, tender, coarse-grained. The full ripening of apples occurs 2 weeks after the apples are picked, while the apples are gaining sweetness.

    For the pollinator you need to choose a variety that blooms at the same time as Zhiguli

    When choosing this sort of apple, you need to remember that the maximum yield appears when there are additional pollinators in the neighborhood. The best of them are: Antonovka ordinary, Borovinka, Minsk, Anis striped.

    Besides apple pollinators, beehives can be placed nearby. The aroma of flowers attracts bees and helps pollinate the apple tree.

    In the absence of pollinating trees and an apiary for a tree, it is necessary to produce artificial pollination, but this method is less effective than the natural one.

    With favorable pollination, tree yields increase.

    The history of the variety

    Zhigulevskoe is an old Soviet variety of apple. It was obtained in 1936 at the Samara Experimental Station on Gardening by the breeder Sergey Kedrin and is an improved hybrid of the crossing of Borovinka ordinary with the American Wagner variety prize. In 1965 it was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements and zoned for the entire European part of Russia, with the exception of the northern regions. Using the stantium form of cultivation, the Zhigulevskoe apple tree is also successfully cultivated in the North-West and East-Siberian regions.

    Description and characteristics of apple Zhigulevskoe

    Zhigulevskoe refers to the late autumn varieties. Apples ripen within 10–15 days, in the southern regions the harvest is harvested in the last decade of August, and to the north - in early autumn. Apples reach consumer ripeness 2–3 weeks after they are harvested - in this case full sweetness occurs. Fresh, they are consumed from late September to December, and with good storage until the end of January.

    The appearance of the tree

    An adult tree reaches a height of three meters. Grafted on a dwarf stock grows to two meters. The fruit tree has a broad-pyromidal or rounded crown with an average density. Thick trunk and branches of a tree of brick color, straight shoots pubescent, raised upwards. Victimization is rather weak. The formation of the crop occurs on twigs and kolchatka.

    Crown of apple Zhigulevskaya round shape with an average density

    The leaves of the apple tree are large, bright green in color, attached to the branches with pubescent petioles. The plates have the shape of a boat with a twisted tip. Along the edges of the sheet is serrated. Pedicle thick, long or medium.

    The flowering of the apple tree Zhigulevskoe comes as early as possible and therefore there is a danger of damage to the flowers during the returning spring frosts. Large flowers in this variety are collected in impressive inflorescences.

    The inflorescences of the apple Zhigulevskoe consist of large white flowers

    Apple Features

    Zhigulevsky's “visiting card” can be considered large fruits. Apples growing on a tree, as a rule, are one-dimensional, have the same weight from 120 to 250 grams, but fruits weighing up to 350 grams can be found. The average weight is 220 grams.

    Each apple has a perfectly rounded or slightly flattened shape with a slight ribbing. On the surface there are white dots and light brown tubercles that look like warts. The yellow color of the fruit alternates with red stripes, and sometimes a red blush to cover the apple completely.The peel of the fruit is quite durable, shiny, oily.

    The pulp of ripened fruits has a characteristic beige color with a coarse-grained structure. The fruits of Zhigulevsk apple have good taste - the pulp is soft, sweet with a pleasant sourness. According to the five-point system, you can rate the taste by 3.8 points.

    Apples in a yellow-colored Zhigulevs apple-tree with a red blush

    Fruiting and Yield

    The advantage of the Zhigulevskoe variety is its quickness and high yield.

    The tree begins to bear fruit in the fifth sixth year. At an early age, an apple tree bears fruit regularly, in a mature one - periodical fruiting, while the amount of the crop does not decrease. Apple trees grown on dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstocks have early growth periods and yield a crop in the second third year.

    The Zhiguli apple tree is distinguished by remarkable productivity: from one tree in a favorable season it is possible to collect 200–250 kg of apples.

    Features of growing

    Growing apple trees from planting to harvesting consists of the following steps.

    1. Planting an apple tree.
    2. Care before fruiting.
    3. Care for an adult tree.

    Regardless of its unpretentiousness, this variety at each stage has its own peculiarities on cultivation.

    Landing time

    The Zhigulevskoe apple-tree can be planted in spring and autumn, but experienced agronomists recommend sticking to the terms for specific climatic conditions and plant dormancy time - falling leaves in the fall and starting sap flow in the spring.

    In the southern regions of Russia (the Lower Volga region, in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Stavropol Territory, in the Pridonie), it is preferable to plant seedlings in the fall, three or four weeks before the start of the first frost. This period begins approximately from the last decade of September and lasts until the end of October, sometimes it can capture the first decade of November. Young seedlings are quite able to take root well in the soil and prepare for winter.

    For the northern regions (in the Murmansk, Vologda, Kirov and Arkhangelsk regions, in the Komi Republic, in the Urals and in Western Siberia), spring is a favorable landing period. This is due to the onset of early autumn frosts, from which the young often die precisely from the autumn planting. In the spring, when the steady positive air temperature comes and thaws the surface of the soil, they start planting, the seedling at this time is at rest.

    In the Western and Central regions, planting trees can be made based on specific weather conditions, both in spring and autumn. Planting dates in the spring - no later than the last decade of April, in the fall - the last days of September, beginning of October.

    Important: if a sapling purchased in autumn cannot be planted on time, for example, early frosts have prevented it, it should be prikopat for the winter planting.

    Prikopanny saplings in the fall, well will remain until spring

    Selection of seedlings

    When choosing material for planting it is recommended to follow the following rules.

    1. It is better to purchase seedlings immediately before planting them in the respective stores or fruit nurseries, and not with the hands on the markets. In this case, there is a guarantee in the purchase of the desired variety.
    2. It is necessary to buy one-year or two-year-old plants - they take root better, it is more resistant to diseases and temperature fluctuations.
    3. The sapling should correspond in height: one-year-old - not less than 1 m without side branches, two-year-old - about one and a half meters with two or three skeletal branches (three to five branches for a dwarf stock).
    4. In no case should the root be dry. The length of the rhizome is 25–35 cm, with two skeletal and fibrous processes. In a dwarf apple tree, the root system resembles a sponge: it consists of small and thin roots protruding in different directions.
    5. The seed bark has no cracks or other damage.
    6. The kidneys should be at rest, i.e. not swollen.

    Having correctly defined the choice of a sapling, you can guarantee success in growing apples for many years.

    Annual seedlings with a well-developed root system are ready for planting

    Planting seedlings

    The pit for seedlings should be selected 3-4 weeks before planting, and during spring planting, the pit is prepared in the fall. Dig a depth of 70 and the sides of 90x90 centimeters. On heavy soils, the depth is increased to one meter. The fertile layer is laid separately: it is further mixed with fertilizers. In the middle of the pit they drive in a tall wooden stake 5 cm thick with the expectation that its top is 40–60 cm above the surface.

    Mix fertile land with two buckets of humus and pour a portion (100 g) of complex fertilizer, for example, Ideal Universal. On clay soils, sand is added to the mixture, and peat in proportions of 2: 1 on sandy ones. The resulting soil is poured into the hole, forming a mound just above the ground level. A month later, the soil will settle and it will be possible to start planting.

    Before planting, the seedling needs to be re-examined:

    roots with damage and signs of the disease, cleaned to a healthy place,

    at the one-year-old sapling, departing from the site of inoculation of 3-5 buds, cut the vershinka for the development of lateral branches of the tree,

  • upward buds are removed, as they will compete with the central conductor of the tree in future growth. A few buds are left that look to the side to form skeletal branches.
  • To form the lateral branches, the tip of the seedling is cut

    Proceed directly to landing, following the following procedure.

    1. Sapling down on a mound from the north of the peg, gently straighten the roots.
    2. They are covered with earth, slightly shaking the tree - this will not allow the formation of soil voids around the roots.
    3. The ground is thoroughly tamped down, the seedling is tied up to a peg, a roller with a diameter of 1 m is constructed and watered (2–3 buckets of separated water).
    4. Mulch surface.

    The order of work when planting sapling

    Important: the root neck of the planted tree should be 4–6 cm above the ground.

    Care for a young tree

    Young apple trees need a certain system of agrotechnical techniques, which include:

    • top dressing
    • watering,
    • pest and disease prevention and control,
    • trimming to form the crown of a tree,

    Let us consider in more detail each type of work.

    After planting the seedling during the first two or three years it is not fed up - enough nutrients introduced into the planting pit. After this time, the roots grow beyond its limits and the apple tree will need additional nutrition. Feeding is applied twice a year.

    In early spring, they are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. For this purpose, use organic fertilizers (diluted bird droppings in the ratio of 1:15) and mineral. Prepare a solution of the following components:

    • 1 kg of superphosphate,
    • 0.8 kg of potassium sulphate,
    • 5 liters of bird droppings or 0.5 kg of urea.

    The mixture is diluted in a barrel in 200 liters of water and infused for one week. This solution is watered with a 25–30 liter pristal circle per tree. This dressing should be carried out in sunny weather. Before and after fertilizer application, it is necessary to spill each apple tree with clean water - 20–30 liters per stem.

    Young trees that do not bear fruit, need potassium and phosphorus. Therefore, the second feeding is carried out in September. For digging, phosphoric 150–200 g) and potash (250–300 g) per sq. m. wheel circle. Additive will be manure (15-25 kg). The depth of seeding is within 7–10 cm near the trunk and 15–20 cm at a distance of 1–2 meters from it. It will be useful to mulch the soil after fertilization.

    Fertilizers are brought in the fall under soil digging

    Useful videos

    See on the video how to choose the right apple tree:

    Look at the video, which varieties are better to plant in the country:

    Watch the video review of apple trees:

    Look at the video of the rules of planting apple seedlings:

    Despite the many advantages you should not forget about not high frost resistance.The variety "Zhigulevskoe" is unique and approved by many gardeners, but only an integrated approach and compliance with the recommendations contribute to an excellent harvest.

    Sapling care

    As mentioned above, seedling requires careful watering. At what to water a tree should be regardless of whether it is planted in the fall or spring.

    In order for the buds in the lower part of the tree to wake up faster, the shoots of the annual seedling are shortened by about 35%.

    Also cropped everything damaged branches. To do this, it is worth using a very sharp garden knife to make a small image of high quality and not cause additional damage. Damaged or dried branches are cut off in such a way that they do not even leave a “punch”.

    If the tree is planted in the fall, then it is logical to do pruning only in the spring, before bud break. Otherwise, you can contribute to the freezing of the seedling, which may not even bloom in spring.

    Caring for apple trees in spring and summer

    The most important measures to care for an apple tree in the spring are pruning, with the help of which the crown, whitewash and fertilizer is formed.

    Fertilizing a tree is worth solutions containing nitrogen. With it, the vegetative processes of the tree are activated. Fertilizer should be applied to a ditch specially excavated for this purpose around the trunk of a tree.

    To protect bark apple trees from various pests and insects - it should to whiten. Time, in principle, for this you can choose any, it is only important that the days were not rainy.

    Also very important in spring sprinkle an apple treeso that it does not hit the scab and pests. It is recommended to carry out this procedure three times - before the buds swell, during their blooming and one more time after.

    During the summer you need to monitor the dryness of the soil. If you establish a drought - it is worth water the tree regularly. Also, in the summer it is necessary to feed the apple with nitrogen or copper sulfate.

    Autumn care for the apple tree "Zhigulevskoe"

    Autumn is important loosen the ground around the tree so that it can be filled with air for a long winter period. In order for the tree not to suffer from frost, it should be warmed. This should be done together with the fertilizer - cover the tree trunk with peat or humus.

    It is important to make such fertilizers before the very frosts, so that they do not have time to soak into the ground and stimulate the growth of the apple tree. Also, on the space around the apple you can wind up the snow.

    Recommended for protection from hares and small rodents wind up an apple-tree trunktying it with twine. Also, both for insulation and to protect the tree from rodents, often shafts of roofing material are installed around the trunk.

    So that the young tree survived the winter more easily and would not be damaged by strong frost winds, its branches are recommended to be tied to special stakeswhich are driven into the ground near the sapling. This number can be scored near each branch.

    If you follow all these care tips, the tree will give a good harvest.

    Buy medium sized seedlings

    When choosing a sapling for planting, many tend to choose the largest and most developed tree. After all, such a tree is more difficult to accept during transplantation. In addition, over the age of three years, a very developed root system is formed on it, which is very easy to damage. Thus, even an annual tree with good care will be able to overtake 3-year-old sapling in development.

    Plant the tree on time

    If you saw seedlings on the market, do not rush to buy them. After all, as for every crop, there are optimal periods for transplanting apples. Transplant apple tree is best at the end of September, at the beginning of October, but in no case, not earlier, because a young plant only picks up juices and dissolves, and by transplanting you will strongly disrupt this process.

    Do not overdo it with fertilizer

    It is logical that every owner is trying to fertilize his tree as best as possible.However, it should be borne in mind that an excessively large amount of fertilizer will greatly harm the seedling. Therefore, read very carefully what and in what quantities should be applied to the soil around the apple tree.

    In addition, many during planting use the old-fashioned way and put pus on the bottom of the pit. Despite the fact that it has a lot of substances necessary for the growth of an apple tree, it can cause a "choking" of the roots of a tree if it cannot decompose quickly due to weather conditions.

    It is also important to know that watering young trees with water with ammonia is also very dangerous. Despite the fact that it is very useful for adult apples, it can stop the growth of the seedling.

    Planting and caring for an apple tree

    Planting apple seedlings Zhigulevskoe can be in the spring and autumn.
    Leached chernozem, loamy, floodplain, sandy loams are suitable for planting.
    The place should be protected from the wind and well lit.

    It is best to take one or two summer grafted trees for planting. The root system should consist of 2-3 skeletal roots with a length of at least 30 centimeters. The urinary roots must be whole and healthy.

    • For planting an apple you need to prepare a hole. The pit should be deepened to 60 centimeters, its diameter should be about 100 centimeters.
    • The bottom of the pit should be loosened to a depth of 15 centimeters. This will increase the oxygen supply to the roots of the tree.
    • Cut off the top layer of the earth should be put aside, mixed with 160 grams of superphosphate,
      70 grams of potash fertilizer, a bucket of sand, a bucket of peat, a bucket of compost and a bucket of rotted humus.

    The prepared soil mixture pours into the pit. The earth should fill 2/3 of the entire depth. On the formed hill is set a tree.

    When the seedling is deepened, the root neck should be located at a height of 3-6 centimeters above the soil level. A peg is driven in next to it, the tree is tied up. A mound is created around the tree, 30 centimeters high. Pristvolny circle is watered with 2-3 buckets of separated, warm water. The soil is covered with mulch. When planting in the fall, in addition to mulching for trees, additional shelter is needed with thermal insulation material.

    The key to a good harvest is appropriate care for the apple tree.

    • Watering,
    • pruning trees
    • spraying agrochemicals,
    • dressing,
    • preparing for winter.

    You need to water the apple tree 4 times per season. For a young apple requires 3-4 buckets of water. For an adult tree - 5-8 buckets.

    After each watering, the ground around the tree should be loosened, if necessary, weed and cover with mulch from crushed hay or rotten humus. The first watering is carried out with a lack of moisture before bud break. The second watering is done after flowering apple trees. Subsequent watering is carried out before harvest. 10 days before removing the apples, watering stops, as excess moisture can lead to cracking of the fruit. Before hibernating an apple tree, 8-10 buckets of water should be poured out, this will protect the roots from freezing.

    Pruning crown begins in the second year after landing.

    When pruning you need to form the main shtamb, competing branches are immediately removed. The main stem is pinched, which allows increasing the growth of the tree to the sides. New shoots are shortened annually by a third. This pruning allows you to make the crown neat and comfortable for picking apples.
    It is necessary to properly form the crown of a tree, preventing thickening of the shoots, which adversely affects the growth of the tree, fruiting and its health.
    The rejuvenating pruning allows you to extend the fruiting period of the tree for several years.

    Diseases and pests

    To protect the apple tree from the moth, you need to carry out preventive measures. Cleaning up fallen leaves, apples, digging around a tree trunk, cleaning the bark helps to protect the tree from pest invasion.
    If an insect despite the maintenance work is noticed, then you need to put special traps on the trunk. Caterpillars caught in them are removed and burned. To prevent the parasites from returning, the tree trunk is sprayed with a wormwood solution.

    Against the powdery mildew, the drugs Scor, Topaz are used.
    From other pests (after the formation of the ovaries) it is recommended to spray the solution of Carbofos.

    During the active growth of the tree, it is necessary to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers (in spring and early summer). With a shortage of nitrogen from the tree, ovaries fall off, growth worsens, leaves turn yellow.
    For the development of shoots, buds for apple need calcium.

    For the formation of fruit buds and beautiful color of the fruit, you need to use phosphate fertilizers.
    For a good harvest for a tree mineral and organic fertilizers are necessary (compost, humus). Fertilizers are applied in the fall when digging the soil. Superphosphate and potassium salt are added to the humus.
    All these fertilizers in the complex can strengthen the tree and increase yields.

    In addition to all these measures, we must not forget that the tree needs protection from the cold.
    Before winter, the trunk circle must be dug up, the ground covered with vegetable mulch.

    The bark should be inspected for damage and aging. Dry, damaged bark should be carefully removed without touching the healthy layer. The protection against parasites and lichen must be covered with a solution of vitriol and lime or with chalk solution (if the tree is young).

    Then it needs to be tied with spruce or pine branches, burlap, roofing felt, covered with a protective net from rodents. When snow falls, you need to outline a snowdrift around the tree and compact it. A young tree needs to be covered completely; in an adult apple tree, a stem is protected.

    To protect against sunburn, shtamb in early spring should be limescaled. Pristvolny circle then cleared from last year’s mulch, dug up and fertilized.

    All these measures allow you to grow a healthy apple, which will thank for a bountiful harvest.

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