Growing atsidantery and care in the open field under the force of even novice gardeners. Plants are unpretentious, prefer sunny areas and moderate watering. Blooming flowers are suitable for cutting, you can make beautiful bouquets of them.
Atsidantera: a gift from Africa
Acidanthera, or gladiolus Muriel, is an elegant plant belonging to the iris family. In the wild, it is found in Mozambique, Tanzania, Ethiopia and other African countries. The flower looks very impressive.
A long, straight and smooth stem grows to 1 m, its elegance emphasizes a pair of thin xiphoidal leaves. Dense thickets of plants resemble exotic jungles. Up to 10 buds bloom on each stem.
The flowers have 6 petals of a triangular shape, at the base they are black-maroon or dark purple, take a snow-white shade closer to the tips. Blossoming inflorescences are quite large - from 5 to 8 cm in diameter.
Their size and color intensity is affected by growing conditions, the degree of light exposure, and soil fertility. The refined image complements the pleasant delicate fragrance that attracts insect pollinators.
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Atsidantera is very thermophilic, in regions with a cold climate, plants can not settle down. However, in the middle lane they feel great. Atsidantera, the cultivation of which can be done even to beginner growers, is grateful for the care. Minimal efforts are guaranteed by lush flower thickets that will decorate the site from mid-July to early September.
Sweet-scented gladiolus propagates by seed or by dividing the bulbs. The first method is very laborious and rarely used by amateur gardeners. When sowing seeds seedlings bloom only after 3 years. Bulbs are much more unpretentious. In the fall, they are separated from the parent plant, and in early spring they are planted in flowerpots or in open ground. The first buds appear in 2 months.
In most regions of Russia, the atsidenter is dug up before the onset of the first frost, the bulbs cleared of stalks hibernate in the shelter. Within a few months of rest, the plant has time to accumulate strength for abundant flowering. In the spring rested tubers land on the beds and immediately grow.
With proper care, gladiolus Muriel can decorate any garden. Graceful plants look great on rabatka and classic flower beds, they can be used to design tracks or decorative ponds.
Atsidantera, care for which is easy to master, prefers sunny areas with light and nutritious soil. In dense shade, the stems are pulled out, the buds become shallow or not formed at all. The soil should have a neutral or slightly acid reaction, garden soil should be mixed with a small amount of peat.
For successful flowering requires good drainage, stagnation of moisture in the soil is detrimental for delicate bulbs.
Planting and caring for fragrant gladiolus does not present much difficulty. In early spring, the dug bulbs are sorted out, discarding dried or rotted specimens.
Moving to open ground can begin when the soil is fully warmed. To speed up the process will help plastic film, which covers the loosened flower bed.
In warm regions, planting begins in April, in the middle lane it is better to move it to mid-May.
The bulbs are laid in the wells 12 cm deep, sprinkled on top of a layer of loose soil. The distance between the flowers depends on the size of the tubers. The smaller they are, the closer you can plant plants.
Large copies should be placed at a distance of at least 20 cm from each other. Experienced gardeners recommend pouring a little large river sand into each well, and then pour a bed of warm water well.
Gladiolus Muriel needs feeding, the first fertilizer can be applied after 2 weeks.
Pre-growth of tubers will help to accelerate the growth of flowers. In early March, they are placed in a pot, filled with light, loose soil, deepening by 3-4 cm. The container is placed on a bright light and watered regularly.
You can move grown plants to a flower bed in the first decade of May. Such planting and care guarantee good immunity of colors: they will be strong, durable, and elegant.
If desired, several stems can be left in the vases, they will decorate the open veranda, balcony or loggia.
Subtleties of care
Gladiolus Muriel is unpretentious. It should be watered at least 2 times a week, it is preferable to use water warmed in the sun. Once a week, the plants are fed with a liquid complex fertilizer.
Abuse nitrogen-containing mixtures is not worth it, otherwise the buds may not be formed. In between watering the ground gently loosening, trying not to injure the delicate roots.
Stimulate the formation of new buds will help timely trimming wilted inflorescences.
Fragrant gladioli do not like excess moisture, reacting with a deterioration in flowering. The same effect causes a sharp drop in temperature. In the cold summer, the atsidantera does not look very attractive, the growth of the stems slows. But in hot and sunny weather, plants will be pleased with abundant buds.
It is important to carefully weed the beds, weeds take away nutrients and inhibit the growth of fragrant gladioli. The health of flowers can be threatened by pests that must be controlled:
- 1 Naked slugs are collected by hands, spraying the soil with an aqueous solution of ammonia is possible.
- 2 Get rid of the spider mite will help sprinkling with a special installation.
- 3Us destroyed by washing the stems with warm soapy water.
- 4In difficult cases, use industrial insecticides, diluted in accordance with the instructions on the package.
Gray rot may threaten the health and appearance of flowers. Preventing attack will help to loosen the soil frequently, add an additional portion of peat, moderate watering and timely weeding of plantings.
Preparing for the winter
Atsidantera, planting which does not require much difficulty, should not overwinter in open ground. This is possible only in regions with a very warm climate, but even there the bulbs often suffer from unexpected frosts or invasions of rodents. It is much safer to store planting material at home, in a dry basement or in the attic.
It is necessary to prepare plants for moving immediately after the end of flowering. Cutting the last faded buds, you need to stop watering and feeding. Peduncles are removed, but long leaves are best left: they are necessary for the nutrition of hibernating bulbs. Time of movement depends on the climatic conditions, but it is advisable to dig up all the plants before the start of night frosts.
Tubers are cleaned from the ground and roots, most of the stem is cut, leaving a stump 2 cm long. After that, the children are carefully separated from the mother bulb, they will be useful for breeding. Planting material is displayed on the newspaper for drying.
The ideal temperature is 20-22 ° C, the room should be dry and well ventilated. After a month, the bulbs need to be sorted and cleaned again, removing the upper flakes of the shell, the remnants of the roots, lumps of earth with their hands.
Nothing can be cut: injured tubers can rot.
Each bulb is wrapped in a clean napkin, then the planting material is folded in paper bags with holes for ventilation. Keep them in a dark cool place, dampness is excluded. For a successful wintering, it is recommended to keep the temperature around 15 ° C. Some growers recommend placing dried bulbs in boxes of peat, vermicult, or perlite.
Even under ideal storage conditions, some tubers die and need to be updated. Gardeners planting flowers in large quantities annually acquire at least 20% of fresh planting material. Successfully overwintered bulbs in early spring are removed from the shelter 2 weeks before planting, they should warm up at room temperature before germination.
Atsidantera Muriel - a graceful and easy-to-care plant. Fragrant two-colored buds will decorate any garden, harmonizing perfectly with ornamental shrubs and bright pilots. To keep the original gladiolus looking at it as long as possible, they dig out the bulbs in autumn, returning it to the garden in late spring.
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Features of atsidantery
The acidide Muriel is a perennial that reaches a height of 1.2 m. Rounded tubers, painted white, reach 30 mm in diameter, they are covered with a dense shell of brown color. At the top of the shoots can be branched or simple.
The length of greenish leaf plates about 50 cm, they have a linear or xiphoid shape. Spike inflorescences consist of 3–10 flowers of a white-cream color, which reach 5–12 centimeters in diameter.
The flowers have a pleasant sweet smell that is attractive to bees, they have a long tube, as well as 6 pointed petals, which change their color to a dark crimson, dark purple or almost black color closer to the base. Flowering is observed in August-September.
The disclosure of flowers takes place alternately from the bottom up, in connection with this, the duration of flowering of each peduncle can reach up to four weeks. The fruit is an elongated box with seeds inside.
What time to plant
Since the tropical plant atsidantera is thermophilic, its planting is carried out in deep spring (from the last days of April to the end of May), after the ground warms up. For planting choose a well-lit area.
If it is grown in the region with a long and relatively cold spring, then in order for the atsidanther to blossom in time, its tubers need to be planted in May for distillation.
Take a pot that is between 12 and 15 centimeters across; it must be filled with permeable, loose soil mixture. 3-6 onions are planted in it to a depth of 40 to 50 mm. Then the pot is cleaned on a well-lit window sill or in the greenhouse.
In the last days of May, the flowers should be planted in open soil. These cultivated tubercles produce powerful shrubs that differ in lush and long flowering.
In mid-latitudes, as well as in regions with a warm climate, acididers disembark directly into open soil. The site with nutrient subacidic soil must first be prepared, for this they dig it up, making fertilizer (humus or compost), as well as sand for drainage, if necessary. Then the surface of the plot needs to be leveled.
Before planting, the corms must be treated with a weak solution of manganese potassium, when they dry out, they should be planted on the site.
Onions are planted in groups of 8-30 pieces, they are buried in the soil by 8-10 centimeters (depending on the size of the planting material), while between them should be kept a distance of 1-20 centimeters.
Planted bulbs need abundant watering.
Caring for a gardener
It is necessary to care for atsidantery in the garden in the same way as for any other garden flower. It needs timely watering, weeding and loosening the soil surface between the bushes.
To significantly reduce the amount of weed and irrigation, the surface of the site should be filled with a layer of mulch, which should be used only organic materials, for example: peat, mowed grass, sawdust or humus.
In order for the bushes to look spectacular and tidy all the time, the flowers that began to fade should be cut off in time.
How to water and feed
This crop needs systematic and moderate irrigation, especially when there is hot, dry weather for a long time. It should be remembered that this flower does not tolerate both drought and stagnant fluids in the soil. If the plant is poured, it can lead to the appearance of rot on the root system.
During flowering, watering should be reduced, but the soil in the area should always be a little wet. During watering it is necessary to ensure that droplets of liquid do not fall on the flowers and foliage, otherwise burns may form on their surface. Water the flowers need separated water, which should not be cold.
After the liquid is fully absorbed into the soil, its surface should be loosened, while pulling out all the weeds.
It is necessary to feed this flower culture with mineral complex fertilizers that are applied to the soil. During the season it should be fed 2 or 3 times.
The first time the plants are fed with organic fertilizers, the second time - while actively growing and increasing the green mass, fertilizers containing nitrogen are used for top dressing, and shortly before the budding process, a phosphorus-potassium complex should be added to the soil.
Feed the acidants, as a rule, at the same time with watering. Such a plant cannot be fed with fresh organic fertilizers.
Transplanting and wintering
If in the region where this crop is grown, in winter time the air temperature drops to minus indicators, then the onion should be removed from the soil in the fall, and in springtime they should be planted again in open ground.
What time is better to dig up the bulbs? After the plant ottsvetet, its stalks should be removed, but the lower leaf plates should remain on the bush until the first frost. After the cold weather is established outside, the above-ground part of the flower should be cut off, and the bulbous tuber extracted from the soil should be removed for storage.
How to save onions? Dug onions need to be dried thoroughly, for this they are kept for about 4 weeks at a temperature of about 20 degrees.
Then they remove the rot damaged flakes, roots, and then soaked in a solution of the fungicide preparation and dried. Prepared planting material for storage must be folded in paper bags or in cardboard boxes with perforations for free access of fresh air.
They are stored at a temperature of 15 to 16 degrees before the onset of the spring period. If the room is cooler, the onions will plunge into a state of rest, and if it is warmer, then the bulbous plants begin to germinate much earlier than necessary.
Onion plants are planted in March, and if the region has a relatively warm climate, then in the last days of April they are planted directly in open soil.
Reproduction of acidants
For the reproduction of such a flower using seeds, as well as erythema and babies. How to propagate it with onions is described in great detail above. On a bulbous bulb grows quite a large number of children.
In spring, before planting bulbs in open ground, they need to tear off all formed children, who are planted in schools for growing. If the plants provide proper care, then this fall they will begin to bloom.
The lifespan of an adult bulb is about 5 years.
Just enough this plant to grow from seed. Sow seeds in the winter for seedlings as well as always, and they do not need to be stratified. Soil mixture needs fertile, its approximate composition: peat, garden soil and sand (1: 1: 1). Capacity must be put in a relatively warm place (about 20 degrees).
The substrate should be constantly slightly wet, for this you need to cover the container with glass or film, and the surface of the soil mixture should be systematically moistened from the sprayer. Crops need to be ventilated everyday, and condensate must be removed from the shelter in a timely manner.
The seedlings are picked in April or May, when they form 2 true leaf plates. For picking, individual pots are used and it is better if they are peaty, in this case, while planting seedlings in the open soil, its root system will not need to be injured again.
The seedlings of atsidantery are quite fast growing, and in the summer it can already be planted on a flower bed. In the third year of life should grow the first flower stalks.
Diseases and pests
Onion ticks can live onion mites, slugs, aphids and scale insects. In order to prevent the shrubs, it is recommended to spray with ammonia or mustard powder, these folk remedies are absolutely harmless to people, animals and plants.
If scabs or aphids settle on the bushes, then they and the ground surface under them should be sprayed with insecticidal preparations. Acaricides are used to kill ticks. If slugs appear, they will need to be assembled manually.
Also on the surface of the site it is recommended to decompose pieces of boards and slate, where gastropods love to hide from the scorching sun, they will only need to be assembled and destroyed.
Atsidantera can get powdery mildew, mosaic, root rot and rust. In the bush affected by the mosaic, the leaf plates become variegated. This disease is incurable, and the affected bush must be burned.
The remaining of these diseases are fungal, for their treatment using fungicides, for example, a solution of Bordeaux liquids or copper sulfate (1%). In order to prevent the plant from being infected with infectious diseases, it is necessary to properly care for it following all the agrotechnical rules of culture, and not forgetting about preventive measures.
The most common causes of fungal diseases: poor drainage or none at all, correct or too abundant watering, and a large number of weeds.
Types and varieties of atsidantery with photos and names
The most popular among gardeners is the type of two-color acididant, its detailed description can be found above. You should also know that among the gardeners, a hybrid of this species, called the Tubergen atsidanter, is quite popular: its flowers are much larger than those of the main species. Much less often other types of acididers (gladiolus) are cultivated:
Acidanthera tropical (Acidanthera aequinoctialis)
The height of the bush is about 1.3 m, the leaf plates are multi-ridged. The composition of bilateral inflorescences includes 5 or 6 flowers of white color, which have a long tube and crimson or purple specks. There is an assumption that this species is a taller tropical form of bicolor acididers.
Atsidantera cultivation and care in an open ground reproduction
Atsidantera - bulbous plant. Its other name is also known - a fragrant gladiolus. Indeed, there are external similarities with gladiolus, for example, the height, shape and color of leaves, upright stem. But this is where the similarities end, since the atsidantera is much more elegant in its beauty. As for the flavor, it looks like the smell of daffodils.
Atsidantera can not boast of abundant flowering (from one bulb), but it does not last long. The fact is that two or three flowers can bloom at the same time, after they have bloomed out, they need to be removed, then they will be replaced by new ones.
Varieties and types
Atsidantera two-color (gladiolus muriel). The length of the stem, on which the flower is located, can reach a meter in height, while the leaves are 40-50 cm long. The flowers are in the shape of stars, have snow-white or cream shades, and a bright maroon spot spreads out from the center, thus fascinating and pulling the eye towards you.
Acidanthera Tropical - has long ribbed leaves and a long erect stem, a little more than a meter, with a soft pink inflorescence with bright crimson spots.
Atsidantera white - has white flowers, without any blotches and distributes a very strong fragrance.
Acridanter - has narrow leaves, and the flowers have delicate pink petals with bright crimson longitudinal stripes emanating from the center of the peduncle.
Atsidantera short tubular - The flowers have bright purple hues with light and purple stripes resembling a candle flame.
Pot for atsidantery
Pots for planting should have a diameter of about 12-15 cm. It is necessary to plant a plant to a depth of 4-5 cm with 3-4 tubers (for more lush flowering).
It is better not to plant many tubers, otherwise they will be cramped, which will affect growth and flowering. Less is also bad, as the flowering will be unremarkable.
Planting is carried out in the spring, to the soil prepared in advance, loosened, fertilized and moistened, to a depth of about 10 cm and at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other and from other plants. Everything also depends on the size of the bulbs themselves, then the distance must be adjusted.
There is another secret: in order for an acidide to bloom earlier and to be powerful (longer and lush flowering) and healthy, it must be grown in pots in advance (in March), and then (in May) planted in open ground.
Atsidantera storage in winter
Shelter for the winter acidants appropriate, only in the case of warm winters, without severe frosts. In this case, you can cover the acidanter with leaf or straw mulch. Then she can safely spend in one place up to five years.
Otherwise, the tubers are dug up (the ground part is cut off), dried and stored in a paper bag by making holes for airing.
The only problem that you may encounter when growing acidide indoors is a strong aroma. Therefore, you must make sure that there are no allergies among the tenants of the apartment.
And for the same reason, it is better not to grow a lot of tubers indoors. The best place is a balcony, porch or garden (garden), flower bed.
Atsidantera growing from seed
Atsidanter can be propagated by tubers (bulbs), children and seeds.
Seed method is used very rarely, due to the fact that from such specimens, waiting for flowering for a very long time. Seeds are collected in the fall, or purchased in flower shops.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in February. To do this, on top of the previously calcined earth (warm in a furnace to get rid of bacteria and parasites), seeds are sown and powdered with a small amount of soil, moistened and covered with a film or glass.
From time to time, air and, if necessary, moisten with a spray bottle. The optimum temperature of the content is + 20 ... + 24 ° C.
After two or three weeks, friendly shoots will appear, which will dive into small pots, in which they will grow for two or three years, until the tuber grows to such an extent that it can provide flowering.
After the first flowering, young seedlings can be planted safely (in spring) in open ground.
Diseases and pests
The most dangerous for atsidantera, with improper care, can be rotthat is caused by excessive waterlogging. In this case, to save the tuber is no longer possible, it is possible to save only babies, if the rot has not yet had time to spread to them.
In addition, planting a flower (onion) in the open ground is possible only if we are sure that there will be no return frost. The earth should be already well warmed up, and the temperature at night should not fall below 5-8 ° C. Otherwise, the plant will die.
As a preventive measure, before storage, the tubers must be treated with a solution of fungicide, then dried for a couple of weeks and folded for storage in a dry place.
With proper care, the acidantera does not suffer from diseases, but in the case when the plant is in a damp, cool place, the appearance of powdery mildew, rust and root rot.
Regarding the parasites, the frequent guests are slugs and snailswhich need to be collected manually.
In dry weather may come suddenly thrips, aphid and spider mite, in the fight against which will help the treatment with insecticides.
Atsidantera - "Fragrant gladiolus": planting and care
Beautiful large flowers atsidantery resemble stars. They are royally towering on long graceful, but very strong stems, and look very exotic. And no wonder, because the plant comes from a mysterious Africa.
Admire this beauty can be in the photo, but, unfortunately, the photo can not convey the delicate scent of flowers.
For gardening lovers who want to grow different types of acididers in flowerbeds, as well as trying to learn about all the intricacies of plant care, about the rules of planting in the open field and reproduction features, it will be very useful and very informative to read this article.
Atsitander: species varieties
Atsidantera belongs to the genus Iris, family Kasatikovyh. In nature, there are more than forty types of acididers and the most famous of them will be considered.
- Atsidantera white - has a straight strong stalk. Flowers are pure white and very fragrant.
- Acidanthera Tropical - tall plant (up to 130 cm). The inflorescence is bilateral, consists of 5-6 white flowers, the petals of which are decorated with beautiful bright crimson brush strokes.
- Acidanter Fourcade - differs in rather low and thin stalk. Usually has 1-2 buds of purple-pink color. This species is used for breeding.
- Kapskaya atsidantera - a plant with beautiful flowers: white with red-purple streaks.
- Atsidantera two-color - the most common form. Cultivated since 1886, it is often called fragrant gladiolus. Originally from Ethiopia. Although its flowers are very reminiscent of gladiolus, they are not pressed against the stem, but are located on long pedicels collected in inflorescences. One peduncle can produce up to ten buds, but at the same time only three to five flowers with a very pleasant aroma are revealed.
Atsidantery stalk is thin, long, up to one and a half meters high, but very strong and stable. From the base of the stem, long, narrow, sword-shaped, erect leaves stretch upward.
Flowers are large, 8-10 cm in diameter, have the shape of a star with wide petals, strongly pointed at the ends. This is a perennial plant with a bulbous root system.
The noble beauty of fragrant gladiolus was appreciated by flower growers and often used in landscape design to decorate park compositions.
This plant prefers places that are well lit by the sun.
Important! You should know that the acididera is a very thermophilic plant and is more suitable for cultivation in open ground for southern latitudes. In a cool climate, it is better to plant a culture in a greenhouse.
Fertile but light, slightly acidic or neutral soil with good drainage is suitable for planting. Before planting in the ground you can make a little peat.
Planting atsidantery is very simple: choose a sunny place and plant sprouted bulbs
In spring, the tubers can be planted immediately in open ground, but only when the earth is already well warmed. Planting depth - 12 cm (to the bottom of the bulb).
It is necessary to observe the distance between the tubers: if the onions are small, then it is enough to move them away from each other by about 12 cm, if large ones, then by 20 cm. It is recommended to add a little river sand to each well. After landing, water well.
But it is better to germinate a little before planting in the ground. To do this, in early March, plant bulbs in a flower pot, plunging 3-4 cm from the ground. Up to six tubers are placed in a pot, about 15 cm in diameter.
Until May, the pot should be placed in a warm, well-lit place, and do not forget to regularly water. Then land on a flower bed. This method will allow you to get more durable and strong plants with abundant and long flowering.
In spring plant the plant only when the soil is already well warmed.
Wintering tubers atsidantery
When the plant has completely faded, you should stop fertilizing and reduce watering. Peduncles need to be cut, be sure to leave the lower leaves: they are needed to nourish the tubers.
When the cold comes, before the first frost, you need to dig up the tubers from the ground along with the leaves. Although atsidantera and perennial plants, but for wintering in the earth a temperate climate does not suit her.
Further, the stem should be separated from the bulbs, leaving about two centimeters. Clean the tuber from the ground and roots and gently separate the kids (they need to be preserved, as they are needed for plant reproduction). Let the tubers dry in a warm place at a temperature of 20-22 degrees for a month.
Then gently clean them from scales, remnants of leaves and roots. Just do not cut anything. If the tubers are well dried, everything should be easily separated.
Wrap each bulb in a paper napkin, fold it into a bag of paper with holes for ventilation and send it to a dry dark place with a temperature not lower than + 15 degrees.
Council Before planting the bulb should be heated in a room with a temperature of +22 degrees for about two weeks.
It is necessary to separate the children from the bulbs dug for the winter. After wintering, they need to be planted in the ground (as mentioned earlier). With good care, they are already in the fall can please flowering.
Important! Before planting, to prevent damage from rot or rust, the tubers need to be treated with a fungicide.
If the kids are too small - they can be grown on separate beds.
Atsidantera in landscape design
Atsidantera in landscape design
This is a very beautiful and unusual plant used in landscape design for the design of flower beds, decoration of artificial ponds, alpine slides. The aroma of flowers planted not far from the place of family rest: gazebos or benches will be pleasantly pleased.
Acidantera looks very impressive, planted in groups, as well as in combination with perennials, the flowers of which are purple or red hues (for example, aster, aconite or sage).
Atsidantera: cultivation and care in the open field, storage
Atsidanthera or fragrant gladiolus is a graceful bulbous plant with a scent that resembles the smell of narcissus. The flower got its second name for some similarities with gladiolus: in shape, height, color of leaves, upright stem.
Atsidantera, grown from a single bulb, does not bloom profusely, but for a long time. 2-3 inflorescences can develop at the same time. When they fade, they need to be removed to form new ones.
- Atsidantera Muriel or two-color. The height of the stem on which the flower is located can be 1 meter. The length of the leaves is 40-50 cm. The shape of the inflorescence resembles a star.
It has a bright white or cream shade, and in the center there is a spectacular burgundy spot, which draws attention to the flower. TropicalDiffers in long ribbed leaves and upright stem, the length of which is slightly more than 1 m.
Pale pink flowers decorated with bright crimson spots.
The leaves of this plant are narrow, the flowers are pale-pink with bright longitudinal burgundy stripes coming from the center.
The plant was imported from Africa, so that in mid-latitude conditions it is necessary to take care of it as much as possible, providing comfort. Therefore, if planting is done in a harsh climate, the flower must be grown in an apartment or transplanted into a pot every year for the winter and taken home. The temperature in the room should not be below 18-22 degrees.
In order for fragrant gladiolus to grow normally, it must be maintained in bright but diffused light, without hitting the direct rays of the sun. This must be remembered when choosing a territory for planting atsidantery.
Flowers of a plant are very beautiful, therefore it grows up in all regions of the country in an open ground. For normal development and lush flowering, you need to follow a number of recommendations:
Providing moisture - a factor that directly affects the state of the flower. You need to produce it often, but not overdoing it with the amount of moisture. Therefore, the plant requires good drainage, which must be added to the pot when planting. Watering the flower after drying the top layer of soil.
- Pot for fragrant gladiolus
The optimum diameter of the tank for planting is 12-15 cm.
3-4 tubers are immersed to a depth of 4-5 cm to make the plant more flowering. They should not be too much, otherwise it will affect the development of gladiolus. Lack of planting material is also unacceptable, otherwise the atsidantera will weakly bloom.
The soil in which the acidanter is planted should have the following composition: coarse-grained sand, sod and leaf earth, humus. For maintenance in the apartment, the flower is transplanted into the new soil every year.
The atsidanter should be placed in open ground in spring. The soil must be prepared in advance: loosen, fertilize, moisturize. The bulbs are lowered to a depth of 10 cm, at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other and other colors. Here the size of the planting material plays a role, depending on this distance is adjusted.
Another important nuance: in order for the sweet-scented gladiolus to bloom early and for a long time, to be healthy, in March it must be put in a pot, and in May - go to the open ground.
Covering fragrant gladiolus makes sense only in warm winter, if there are no severe frosts. Then it can be hidden under a thick layer of straw or leaves. In this case, she will easily spend 5 years in the same territory.
In other conditions, the tubers are dug out, cutting off the ground part, dried and placed in storage in a paper bag, making holes for air.
Smell of acidants
The only thing that lovers of indoor plants may not suit is the strong aroma of fragrant gladiolus indoors. So before planting, you need to determine whether that is something from a household allergy. Because of this, many tubers in the same room are not grown. For a larger landing, it is advisable to choose a balcony, a veranda, a personal plot, a flower bed.
Sweet-scented gladiolus is grown from tubers (bulbs), seeds, and "babies."
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The seed method is used very rarely, since in this case it is necessary to wait a long time for the flowers to appear. Material for planting collected in the fall or buy in flower shops.
Seeds for seedlings are sown in February. Before this, you must first warm the earth, having calcined it in the furnace, destroying parasites and bacteria. Seeds are sown and covered with a loose layer of soil, moistened, covered with glass or film.
Periodically, the plant is aerated and sprayed with a spray. He needs a temperature of 20-24 degrees. After 2 weeks sprouts appear, which dive in small pots. There the flower grows up 2-3 years, until the bulb does not acquire the size necessary for flowering. Once the first inflorescence is formed, the plant can be placed in open soil.
If you propagate the plant with seeds, you need to get rid of wilted flowers. Atsidantera should not be weakened, still flowering buds needed nutrients.
The easiest method of breeding atsidantery - "kids", which grow on tubers in large quantities. They are easy to separate and land on the site. Caring for small plants is not difficult. The soil must be watered, loosened, fertilized, digging a flower in the winter. Gladiolus will begin to bloom in 3 years, when the bulbs grow and gain strength to develop further.
Diseases and harmful insects
The bulbs of a plant often infect soft and dry rot. Note that the tubers are damaged, can be on dark dented spots. To avoid this disease, planting material is treated with fungicides.
The root system of gladiolus can suffer from Furnariosis caused by Furnarium fungi. When this seed appears on the seedlings, it kills the main root of the plant. Adult specimens turn yellow, their growth slows down. Pulling the diseased flower out of the soil, you can see the brown and blooming roots.
All kinds of rot appear only on weakened plants, which have been subjected to hypothermia, irrigation with cold water, sharp fluctuations in temperature and humidity. The causes may also be overheating of the soil and an excess of nitrogenous fertilizers.
It is necessary to prevent these factors and disinfect the protected ground.
In spring, the green mass of the plant increases, leaves and stems actively develop. This leads to the settlement on them of slugs and snails, eating shoots and leaving unpleasant slippery traces on them. The reason may be damp and too strong evening watering. The invasion of these parasites attract weeds.
Plastic gutters attached around the perimeter of the site and filled with water can become a barrier for these inhabitants of the garden. Porous materials like gravel, crushed shells and eggshells are unpleasant to slugs and snails. There are special granules that are sprinkled with flowerbeds.
They absorb water, depriving the parasites of the ability to move.
Blooming gladiolus can attack thrips, which suck the juice from the buds. In the areas of the plant where the pest lives, small brown dots will appear. Leaves fall, covered with spots or silvery bloom. Parasites are eliminated by the same preparations as the spider mite, for example, Aktellik.
Atsidantera and landscape design
This unusual flower is decorated with flowerbeds, man-made ponds, alpine slides. Plants planted near places of family leisure (gazebos, benches), delight their aroma.
The flower is often grown in street containers and flowerpots, they make out the flower gardens.
Fragrant gladiolus, planted in groups, looks more original. It is even better if perennials with purple or red flowers are nearby, for example, aconite, sage, aster.
Exotic African plant is also suitable for cutting. But because of the strong aroma, it will not be convenient for everyone to put such flowers in his apartment.
Atsidantera - "highlight" of any garden in the autumn.
It can be difficult for novice flower lovers to plant fragrant gladiolus in open space and care for them. However, the effort is worth spending to get exquisite inflorescences and rich aroma.
To contain an acidanter is troublesome, as this is a heat-loving look that requires close attention. Therefore, it is worth remembering how to care for seed material and choose fertile soil rich in nutrients.
Atsidantera: planting, growing and care in the open field and pot
- Landing spot fragrant gladiolus should be well lit, but with shading from direct sunlight and protection from the wind. Since these herbaceous plants are thermophilic, they are usually grown in greenhouse conditions, but can be planted directly in open ground in southern areas. Otherwise, if the winters in your region are harsh, then you need to cultivate the Acendanter in a pot or dig up for the winter to save indoors. At home, a pot with a flower is placed on the east or west window, in the southern location there is a prince with tulle.
Growing temperature. Heat values are suitable for plants that do not fall below 18–20 degrees.
Watering. For normal growth, fragrant gladiolus needs frequent moistening, but without waterlogging. For this, a drainage layer is recommended during planting. As soon as the soil begins to dry on top, you will need to water it. Watering is best done in the morning. After them, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed.
How and when to plant atsidanteru in open ground. Usually for such an operation the time from May to June is appropriate. The soil at the selected site is loosened and fertilized, and then well watered. Plants are planted to a depth of about 10 cm, leaving between them up to 20-25 cm. But the size of the bulb itself will be a guide here, and therefore this parameter should be adjusted. At the bottom of the hole fits the drainage layer of rubble, broken brick or expanded clay.
Planting seedlings in a pot. Capacity for a flower is selected with a diameter of 12–15 cm. The depth of planting should not exceed 4–5 cm. 3-4 pot rods are placed in one pot to ensure lush flowering. Drainage layer is required.
Soil for sweet-scented gladiolus. When grown in open ground, a light, well-drained composition is recommended. You can use fertile garden soil with weak or neutral acidity and add a little peat to it. For pot cultivation, the soil mix is mixed from leafy soil, humus, soddy soil and coarse-grained sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. With this care, the flower will require annual transplants.
Fertilizers. During the growing season, it is recommended weekly to feed with the use of the full mineral complex, for example, used Kemira, Pocon or Agricol.
Wintering asedanthery. It is clear that in the southern regions it is not necessary to disturb the plant for the winter period, but in areas with severe winters this procedure is necessary. If there is no severe frost in your region, then planting fragrant gladiolus is simply covered with fallen leaves, spruce branches or straw. With such care in one place flowers acidulants can spend up to five years. Otherwise, the entire above-ground part is subject to cutting, and the corms need to be dug. They are left to dry at a temperature of 20-22 degrees. Then from the dried corms separate the scales, the remnants of the roots and leaves. Then placed in paper bags, which make holes for ventilation. Store such material until spring in a dry and dark place.
Fight against possible pests and diseases atsidantery
The biggest problem when growing a plant in the open field is waterlogging, which may occur due to planting in too heavy a substrate or prolonged precipitation. In this case, it is hardly possible to save the corm atsidanter, but you can try to save the babies if the putrefactive process did not have time to touch them. In this case, it is recommended to plant the bulbs only when there is confidence that the return frost is over. The soil at the landing site should be already well warmed up, and the thermometer bar at night should not exceed the lower limit of 5–8 degrees. If this rule is violated, the plant will inevitably be destroyed.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to treat the bulbs of acididers before planting with fungicidal preparations. They are then dried thoroughly for several weeks and stored in a dry and dark place. Only by adhering to such rules can we expect that the plant will not get sick in the future. If the place is chosen incorrectly (cool and wet), then sweet-scented gladiolus may be affected by powdery mildew, leaf rust or root rot.
Of the pests that plague this flower when grown in open ground, slugs and snails are cut, gnawing leaves and stems. Manual picking of these gastropods by hand or with a fan-like device is recommended. Also used drugs like "Meta Thunder".
When the weather is dry for a long time, fragrant gladiolus becomes a victim of spider mites, thrips or aphids. To combat them, it is recommended to use insecticides (for example, Aktaru or Aktellik).
Florist to note about atsidantera, photo
A variety of Muriel acidators can be found under the name Gladiolus Muriel or Muriel Spike. All because of its similarity with gladioli, as well as the delicate aroma of the plant is called "fragrant gladiolus" This type of acidants became available when a breeder from England, Calvey, offered to sell the plant in 1885, under the name Gladiolus murieli.
Types of atsidantery
Acidanthera two-color (Acidanthera bicolor). The species is the most popular of all representatives of the genus. Ethiopia is considered the native land. In the culture of this plant is from 1896. On the territory of Russia you can meet it in almost all areas, capturing even the taiga zone. A perennial plant with a corm with a diameter of about 2.5 cm. The height of the resulting stem can be 1–2 m. The leaf plate is 40–50 cm in length. The leaf is xiphoid-linear, the color is dark green.
In the inflorescence, the flowers of stellate outlines join, which have a snow-white or cream color, but at the very base each of them has brown-reddish specks extending from the center to the outer part. In the spikelike inflorescence, there are 2–3 flowers. The length of the bracts is 7 cm, their color is dark emerald, the shape is lanceolate. Flowers begin to open in July. However, it is customary to grow multiple hybrid forms in floriculture, which were bred by crossing this type of acidanter and gladiolus. The most famous has got a form called "Gladantera".
Acidanthera tropical (Acidanthera alquinoctialis Baker). The native habitat also falls on Ethiopian lands. The height of erect stems is 1.1–1.3 m. The leaves are variegated in shape. Inflorescence has versatility, and it includes 5-6 large flowers. Perianth segments in them are snow-white with spots of crimson or crimson color schemes. The corolla tube is measured in length 10–12 cm. The size of the corm is large. Igving Bailey (1884–1967) believed that this species is a taller form of the previous species. The best results of growth and flowering can be obtained by growing the plant in greenhouse conditions.
Acidanthera white (Acidanthera Candida Rendle) It comes from the territory of tropical Africa (eastern zones). The owner of a weak, straight and leafy stem. The color of flowers is snow-white, which gave a specific name, completely devoid of spots. Flowers have a strong aroma.
Acidanthera Kapas (Acidanthera capensis Benth.). The inflorescence combines flowers with white petals, decorated with reddish-purple streaks. This species was first discovered on the Cape Peninsula.
Acidanthera cereal-leaved (Acidanthera graminifolia Baker). In culture, the species is almost unknown, although quite interesting. Plants differ in compact size and leaf plates of a thin, grass-like form. Usually a pair of flowers bloom in the inflorescence, the petals of which have a snow-white color scheme with a purple or pale pink shade. They can be decorated with longitudinal strips of bright crimson color. The corolla tube is weak, the flower looks drooping.
Growing out babies
Corms, as a rule, have a lot of babies. If you decide to choose the method of breeding kids, then you need to prepare a bed. Sowing children spend the spring in the previously prepared grooves. However, you can simply dig and pierce the earth and sow directly into it. Caring for babies requires activities such as weeding, watering, loosening. In the autumn they are dug out of the soil, because they do not tolerate frost. After about two or three years, nodules grow from them, which can be used as a material for growing flowers. It is also useful to add mineral and organic fertilizers to the soil for planting. Young seedlings respond well to the infusion of mullein.
Storage and wintering
If the coming winter is not expected severe cold, then the plants can be left directly in the ground, providing additional shelter of straw and dry leaves. However, it should be remembered that an acidider can grow in one place without loss of decorative properties for no more than 5 years.
If it is likely that winter will be happy with the harsh, then in the fall you need tubers dig up and store. Before laying the plants need to remove the top leaves and leave the bottom. Subsequently, it is placed in a room with good ventilation, where the temperature is maintained at 18-20 degrees Celsius. There it should dry well within one month.
Before laying the flower to dry, it is useful to treat the tubers with fungicides. When the bulbs acquire the necessary condition, they remove the ground part and roots. Next, take a box filled with peat, and there are placed onions. You can also use a newspaper for this purpose. To corms are well preserved until spring, they need to keep in a dry ventilated area, where the temperature is maintained within 10-15 degrees. Practical experience shows that during storage of planting material in a box with peat, a certain part still dies. The probable reason for this is that the onions have not been provided with the necessary nutrients over the summer.
Atsidantera is not a well-known plant, about which even experienced flower growers can say something definite. However, it is of interest if only because it resembles many traditional garden plants. Although experienced growers appreciate it because of the pronounced decorative properties. Growing this flower is not as difficult as it may seem at first.
As planting material use bulbswho need to provide competent care even then, as they lay in storage. When planting in the spring, they need to choose a suitable place where there should be a soil rich in nutrients.
Atsidantera looks like a small corm oblong. Their diameter is 5-6 cm. The color of tubers is brown, they are covered with peculiar scales with a white heart. The stem of the flower is straight and smooth. It can be more than one meter. Leaves collected at the base of the stem. At the very shoot can grow several linear and dark leaf plates.
Mostly acididers are found in white.But there are such color as:
- Pale lilac,
- Milky cream flowers.
The plant begins to bloom in late August or early September and pleases the eye before the first frost. In addition to external beauty, the flower has a wonderful aroma, with fruit and honey notes, creating a refined and noble fragrance. He reminds something of garden daffodils.
The plant refers to those flowers that propagate by seeds or bulbs. Seeds can be found in any flower shop, as well as collected in the fall from mature plants. Bulbs to get too easy.
Growing atsidantry with the help of a bulb or seed is absolutely the same. The only difference is that the bulb should immediately be planted in a separate pot, and the seeds are sown at the initial stage in one place. If you decide to decorate your home with such a flower as an acidide, then planting it and taking care of it in the open field will require attention and patience from you.
Before sowing seeds of acidants, some conditions must be met:
- Prepare the ground. It is necessary to take the usual garden soil and increase its fertility by enriching it with peat. To improve the drainage properties of the soil to the peat should also add sand.
- Garden soil should be placed in a preheated oven for some time in order to get rid of parasites.
- Seeds are evenly distributed in the soil to a shallow depth.
- Pour all over with water from a spray bottle and cover with foil.
- Ensure that the soil always remains wet.
- Store seedlings at about 25 ° C.
Seedlings should begin in February, and when there are grown sprouts, it is allowed to dig them out of the ground and transplanted into separate pots. The final transplanting of a flower into open ground is possible only after the first flowering, somewhere in 2−3 years.
After the atsidantera is ready to be transplanted into the open ground, the flower care stage begins. In order for the plant to grow without any problems, it is necessary to correctly determine the place of planting the flower. It should be an open, sunny place without wind.
The soil should have the following features:
- be loose
- with good oxygen enrichment
- low acidity.
In the absence of such soil you can independently carry out the following preparatory work:
- To loosen the soil, we need to weed or perekapat plot for planting,
- Soil fertility will increase if organic or mineral fertilizers are applied,
- Wood ash will help reduce the acidity of the soil, which must be introduced at the site of planting acidants. If the soil is clay, then adding sand to the soil will help
After the plant is in the ground, should be serious about his watering. The flower does not like drought, but even more does not like the stagnation of water, from which the bulb can rot. Therefore it is necessary to constantly monitor the amount of moisture near the plant. Mulching the top layer of the earth above the plant root will help to cope with this problem.
An important feature of care is preparing for the wintering of the flower atsidantera. Storage in winter of flower tubers is necessary in cardboard boxes or boxes with the presence of a lid. After the plant has finished flowering, it is necessary to cut off all the withered flowers and some of the foliage so that the bulbs have time to prepare for winter.
If all measures for caring for the acidist are observed, then there will be no problems with his health. Otherwise, the appearance of various diseases. The flower may also be prone to attack by parasites (aphids, slugs, spider mites).
The flower can be used, firstly, as a houseplant. In this case, the atsidanter must be kept in a spacious room or a room with good ventilation (a balcony or a porch). This is due to the fact that the smell of flowers is very rich and can cause discomfort.
Secondly, to use as decorative ornament of flower beds, lawns, rock garden and artificial reservoirs. The beauty of atsidantery is able to conquer all.
Scented gladiolus - grassy plants for open ground
A perennial plant native to Africa lives on rocky slopes. It has a high peduncle with two sword-shaped sheets with sharp ends. Planting fragrant gladiolus acididers and care should take into account that they have a small root system, and it is covered with a shell in the form of a mesh. Inflorescence in the form of a spikelet produces up to 10 flowers, the beauty of which can be enjoyed from August to September. Sweet scented gladiolus has a pleasant sweetish aroma. In the fall, seed boxes form at the site of the flowers.
Atsidantera - types and varieties
In nature, there are a huge number of types of acididers, and the most popular options include:
- White Gladiolus has a straight strong stalk, on which grow pure white buds with a bright aroma.
- Tropical The flower reaches a height of up to 130 cm, and their inflorescences are two-sided. Tropical atsidantera in landscape design will be a bright decoration, because its white petals have raspberry strokes.
- Fourcade. The stem of this gladiolus is thin and short, and the buds are purple-pink in color. Variety used for breeding.
- Cape This species has beautiful white flowers with streaks of red-lilac color.
- Two-color. The most common variety that is very fragrant. Flowers are located on long stalks, collected in inflorescences.
Atsidantera - cultivation and care in the open field
It is impossible to call fragrant gladiolus a demanding plant, but there are certain recommendations regarding care:
- Temperature. Good development can be achieved when the air temperature is average + 17-23 ° C. Culture does not tolerate frost, because it freezes.
- Lighting. Planting of scented gladiolus and caring for it should be carried out in sunny areas, because in the shade the flowering will not be so abundant and bright.
- Watering. Regular watering is important for the plant and it is wetted twice a week. If it is too hot in summer and the soil dries out strongly, then the frequency of irrigation can be increased. It is important to prevent water stagnation so that the bulbs do not rot.
- Top dressing. For fragrant gladiolus, acididers need frequent feeding, especially during flowering and vigorous growth. Use mineral supplements for flowering crops. They make them twice a week, and organic fertilizers are also useful.
- Reproduction. A flower can breed with babies, seeds and corms. It is better to sow seeds in a greenhouse in winter, and in a few days you can see the first shoots. When they grow up, they carry out a picking, and then they are transplanted into open ground.
- Diseases and pests. Sweet-scented gladiolus acidider is affected by rot, which is indicated by large stains. To avoid this problem, before planting the bulb should be treated with fungicidal agents. Snails and thrips can attack a flower, and you need to fight them with special means.
Not a few important factors affecting the healthy growth of the flower, is the correct watering. Watering is often necessary, while avoiding waterlogging.
Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to take care of a good drainage layer. Watering should be repeated as soon as the top layer of soil dries out.
Soil for atsidantery
The composition of the soil for planting acidants should consist of the following components: one part of sand (coarse-grained), one part of sod land, two parts of humus and two parts of leafy earth.
With the maintenance of the home condition, the atsidantera is transplanted annually into a fresh substrate.
If for the reproduction of this flower will not be used the seed method, then it is necessary to remove faded flowers.
In order not to weaken the plant, but all the useful substances came to the still flowering buds.
Acidanthera white (Acidanthera candida)
In nature, it is found in tropical regions of Africa. The inflorescences are white and very fragrant. Straight stem is mild.
Also known are species such as: short-tubular, cape, zlakolistnaya, Fourcade, few-flowered, tubular, pink-white and broadlepid acides.
Features of the cultivation of atsidantery
Flowers are considered an authentic decoration of any cottage. Fortunately, there are no problems with the assortment - the stores offer a huge variety of varieties. However, the advantage is given to spectacular, but at the same time unpretentious species.
Consider what is remarkable popular atsidanthera and what kind of flower.
Description and photo
This perennial plant has come to us from tropical regions of Africa. The natural habitat is rocky slopes.
It has a fairly high (1-1.2 m) and slender-looking peduncle, which is surrounded by two xiphoidal sheets with sharp tips, they can reach 55-60 cm in length. These shoots are very soft to the touch, and plasticity only underlines their decorative effect throughout the season. The root system is represented by a small (4-6 cm in diameter) corm of a rounded shape. It is tightly covered with a shell in the form of a brown mesh.
Inflorescence in the form of a small spikelet can "throw out" up to a dozen flowers. The flowering period is in August - September (depending on the timing of planting). At this time, the aciduria of the line Muriela pleases the eye with white flowers with a diameter of 5-12 cm. Bordered with six sharp petals, they may have a dark purple or black color in the center (this option is less common).
Autumn is the time of fruiting. Flowers gradually fading form oblong seed pods. They can be used to collect planting material.
Despite its African origin, perennial needs frequent watering. Humidification is carried out continuously, the soil should not dry out (otherwise the bulba will instantly dry out).
In the hot summer, a plant takes 2-3 buckets a week, one for each set. On the other hand, the overmoistening of the rhizome is undesirable. With the beginning of flowering, the volume of watering is slightly reduced, which is good for the appearance of the flowers that have appeared (the dark tones that are present in the color become more saturated).
Mulching helps to retain moisture during the growing season. In the course are "powder" of mowed grass, peat or crushed humus. True, you need to be careful with the latter - too much of a dose can “burn out” the onion.
Loosening and weeding
After each watering, the soil near the flower is necessarily loosened, so that the rhizome gets the necessary portion of air.
Of the tools for such a procedure would be better suited trident sap - so safer. It happens that, without having calculated the strength, some owners damage the peduncle with a chopper, or even reach the “bulba” itself. With a neat work "trident" is excluded.
Weeding is done as needed. It is advisable to remove the barely appeared weed, without waiting for it to chase growth. If you miss the moment, the inflorescences will be sluggish, with small flowers.
The scented “inhabitant” of the site, which looks like the most common gladiolus, requires regular fertilization.
Feeding is carried out once every 2 weeks (for “difficult” soils, the break is reduced to 10 days) and combined with the next watering.
For such purposes, take complex mineral compounds like nitroammofoski. Before making, pay attention to the composition of the purchased product - if it contains a large amount of ammonia compounds, then the spike and leaves will grow, while the flowers will be average.
Protection against diseases and pests
Atsidantera has a good immunity, but do not forget about such factors as the "neighborhood" with other cultures. It is from there that various sores and parasites become infected.
Most often perennials bake such ailments:
- Mealy dew. To combat it use potassium permanganate - 2.5 g per 10 liters of water. After the first spraying, do 1-2 control (with an interval of 5 days). If it does not help - in 5 liters of hot water add soda ash (25 g) and liquid soap (5 g).They process not only the plant, but also the soil, in 2-3 doses with a week break.
- Root rot. It is dangerous because with the slightest delay the plant will have to be thrown away (this is typical of all species with bulbous roots). Prevention is important here - before planting, the bulbs are placed in plastic containers and powdered with dry fungicides. There they are stored in a dry place until the landing.
- Rust and mosaic damage. Barely appeared painful "ornament" can be eliminated with a solution of colloidal sulfur (25 g / 10 l). For the best effect, the treatment is repeated three times, after waiting a week.
Among the "opponents" are listed such pests:
- Aphid. It does not tolerate the action of insecticides of the type "Aktellika" and "Tanreka." Ampoules in 2 ml enough for 2 liters of water. If there are too many insects, the same capacity is taken for 1 liter. Allowed one (maximum two) processing.
- Thrips. The drugs are the same as against aphids, but a strong "Decis" helps a lot. 0.1 g / 10 l - and the problem is solved, small midges will begin to die in literally 5 minutes. Note the duration of the drug (15 days).
- Slugs After treatment with similar means, they are unlikely to appear on the peduncle. As a preventive measure, it is advised to collect them from growing crops nearby.
The ripe onions dug out in the fall dry. They have kids that have to be separated. Select the most healthy "offspring" with a smooth, not parched skin.
One and a half weeks before planting, the scales are carefully removed and the baby is moistened in warm water (up to +35 ° C) during the day. This is followed by germination in the soil with admixtures of pure sand and peat at + 22 ... + 25 ° C.
Landing is carried out already on the heated earth in the hole. At the bottom of the pits fall asleep 1 cm of river sand, and then pour a solution of copper sulfate or permanganate (1 g / 10 l). Children are laid out at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. The gap between the holes is the same as for mature bulbs.
Leaves should be repulsed in a month.
How to prepare an atsidanter for planting?
Pre-planting in pots contributes to the preparation of fragrant gladiolus for transplanting in open ground. The germination of bulbs acidants is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Take small pots with a diameter of 13-15 cm. Pour a substrate in them, for example, you can use a primer designed for orchids.
- Place the bulbs at a depth of 3-4 cm, and sprinkle with the top of the soil. In one container should not be more than three bulbs.
- Place containers in a well-lit place and monitor soil moistening. In April, when it is already warm, the pots are carried out to the loggia or to the greenhouse for hardening.
How and when to plant atsidanteru?
After frost is not terrible, in most cases - May, you can transfer plants to open ground. To do this, follow this scheme:
- Planted onion bulbs should be in a well-lit place, or partial shade. Sweet-scented gladiolus can grow on any soil.
- Holes should be 8-12 cm deep, so it is important to focus on the size of a particular seedling. Between plants there should be a distance of at least 12 cm, but for large bulbs it is necessary to retreat more.
- First moisten the seat and pour a little river sand into the wells. Spread out the bulbs in them and sprinkle them with earth, and then do plenty of watering.
Acidanter - when to dig and how to store?
After the onset of cold weather before frost, the tubers should be dug along with the leaves. For storage, acidants carry out the following manipulations in the winter:
- Cut the stalk so that about 2 cm is left. Remove the soil and roots from the tubers, and then separate the children.
- Leave the tubers in a warm place for a month so that the temperature is around 20 ° C. After gently remove the scales, remnants of the roots and leaves.
- Wrap each bulb in a paper napkin and send them in a paper bag with holes for ventilation. Keep it in a dry and warm place, where the temperature does not fall below 15 ° C. When the time comes to plant them again, it will be necessary to move them to a warm place for two weeks, where the temperature is about 22 ° C.
Atsidantera - wintering in the ground
In the autumn you should take care of the plant so that next year it will also delight with its flowering and aroma. Inexperienced gardeners are interested in whether it is necessary to dig up an acidide for the winter, and so, this is not done only if there are no severe frosts in winter. The plants are pruned, leaving only a few centimeters of the stem, and then covered with mulch from foliage or straw. If winters are cold, then be sure to dig out the bulbs and keep them warm.
Atsidantera - landing and care at home
A beautiful and fragrant flower can be an interior decoration, as it is easy to grow at home. The peculiarities of cultivation of atsidantery and care at home are similar to those described for planting in open ground. The main thing is to choose the right soil and place for the pot, and then carry out watering and podkorm. Thanks to simple manipulations, the sweet-scented gladiolus atsidantera will delight in its flowering.
How to care for the acidider flower?
There are several features that should be considered when growing fragrant gladiolus at home:
- A pot with a flower is recommended to put on the east or west window, and on the south side it is important to shading.
- Gladiolus requires an average humidity of 55-60%. Spraying is not recommended. When the air is too dry or humid, the leaves start to wither, and the flowers fall off.
- Care of the acidification includes watering, which is carried out during the drying of the upper layer. It is important that the pot has a drainage layer.
- When growing gladiolus in a pot, they transplant each year.
- During the growing season, every week you need to make supplements using the mineral complex, for example, “Kemira” or “Agricola”.